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Australian Standard
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InsuIator and conductor fittings for
overhead power Iines
Part 1: Performance, materiaI, generaI
requirements and dimensions
Originated as AS C345.1-1962 and AS C345.2-1967.
Previous edition 2004.
Fifth edition 2009.
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Standards Australia
All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by
any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written
permission of the publisher.
Published by Standards Australia GPO Box 476, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia
SBN 0 7337 9004 6
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This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards AustraIia/Standards New ZeaIand
Committee EL-010, Overhead Lines, to supersede AS 1154.12004, %6<>4*=7;! *6-!
,76->,=7;!/2==260<!/7;!7?.;1.*-!87@.;"!Part 1:!'.;/7;5*6,."!5*=.;2*4"!0.6.;*4!;.9>2;.5.6=<!
*6-!-25.6<276<. After consuItation with stakehoIders in both countries, Standards AustraIia
and Standards New ZeaIand decided to deveIop this Standard as an AustraIian rather than
an AustraIian/New ZeaIand Standard.
The objective of this Standard is to provide users and manufacturers of fittings with
definitions of terms, performance requirements, dimensions, test methods and acceptance
criteria.
This Standard is one of a two-part series covering insuIator and conductor fittings for
overhead power Iines, as foIIows:
Part 1: Performance, materiaI, generaI requirements and dimensions (this Standard, which
combines the former Part 1 and Part 2).
Part 3: Performance and generaI requirements for heIicaI fittings.
In this revision reference is made to 120 kN rated fittings. These fittings empIoy M16
fasteners with 16 mm baII/socket coupIings and, whiIst maintaining the same dimensions,
are essentiaIIy higher strength versions of the 70 kN fittings. These are NOT intended to be
repIacements for the previous rating of 125 kN that empIoyed M18 fasteners with 20 mm
coupIingsthese are mechanicaIIy simiIar but dimensionaIIy quite different. If, for the
purpose of maintenance, purchasers have need for 20 mm/125 kN fittings in their existing
network, this is to be made cIear to suppIiers to avoid any confusion or incompatibiIity.
Provision has been made by many to suppIy 106 kN fittings with high strength M18 boIts
for these situations.
In the preparation of this Standard, consideration was given to IEC 61284:1997, &?.;1.*-!
426.<B(.9>2;.5.6=<! *6-! =.<=<! /7;! /2==260<, and IEC 61897:1998, &?.;1.*-! 426.<B
(.9>2;.5.6=<! *6-! =.<=<! /7;! )=7,3+;2-0.! =A8.! *.742*6! ?2+;*=276! -*58.;<, reIevant parts of
which have been incorporated in this Standard.
The foIIowing part of this Standard is technicaIIy identicaI to IEC 61284:1997:
Section 5, )><8.6<276! *6-! <>887;=! /2==260< is technicaIIy identicaI to CIauses 11.211.4 of
IEC 61284:1997.
The foIIowing parts of this Standard are technicaIIy identicaI to IEC 61897:1998:
(a) CIause 7.2.2.3, $2.4-! =.<=, is technicaIIy identicaI to CIause 7.11.3.3 of
IEC 61897:1998.
(b) CIause 7.2.2.4, #6*4A=2,*4! 5.=17-, is technicaIIy identicaI to CIause 7.11.3.4 of
IEC 61897:1998.
Statements expressed in mandatory terms in notes to tabIes and figures are deemed to be
requirements of this Standard.
The term normative` has been used in this Standard to define the appIication of the
appendix to which it appIies. A normative` appendix is an integraI part of a Standard.

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SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
1.1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................ 5
1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS .................................................................................. 5
1.3 DEFINITIONS ............................................................................................................ 7
1.4 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................... 8
1.5 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTS............................................................. 11
1.6 VERIFICATION OF DIMENSIONS ........................................................................ 12
SECTION 2 INSULATOR FITTINGS
2.1 ITEMS TO BE SPECIFIED BY THE PURCHASER................................................ 13
2.2 MECHANICAL STRENGTH TYPE TEST............................................................... 13
2.3 HARDNESS TEST.................................................................................................... 14
2.4 ROUTINE TESTS..................................................................................................... 14
2.5 BATCH TESTS......................................................................................................... 14
2.6 DOCUMENTATION................................................................................................. 14
SECTION 3 TENSION FITTINGS
3.1 ITEMS TO BE SPECIFIED BY THE PURCHASER................................................ 15
3.2 GENERAL ................................................................................................................ 15
3.3 MECHANICAL STRENGTH TYPE TESTS ............................................................ 15
3.4 ELECTRICAL HEATING CYCLE TYPE TEST...................................................... 16
3.5 ROUTINE TESTS..................................................................................................... 18
3.6 BATCH TESTS......................................................................................................... 18
3.7 DOCUMENTATION................................................................................................. 18
SECTION 4 NON-TENSION FITTINGS
4.1 ITEMS TO BE SPECIFIED BY THE PURCHASER................................................ 19
4.2 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTING........................................................ 19
4.3 MECHANICAL TYPE TESTS FOR FITTINGS OTHER THAN TEE FITTINGS... 21
4.4 MECHANICAL TYPE TESTS FOR TEE FITTINGS WHERE THE MAIN
CONDUCTOR IS CONTINUOUS............................................................................ 21
4.5 ELECTRICAL HEATING CYCLE TYPE TEST...................................................... 22
4.6 SHORT-TIME CURRENT TEST.............................................................................. 23
4.7 BATCH TESTS......................................................................................................... 24
4.8 DOCUMENTATION................................................................................................. 24
SECTION 5 SUSPENSION AND SUPPORT FITTINGS
5.1 ITEMS TO BE SPECIFIED BY THE PURCHASER................................................ 25
5.2 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTS ON SUPPORT FITTINGS.................. 25
5.3 MECHANICAL STRENGTH TYPE TESTS ............................................................ 25
5.4 CLAMP BOLT TIGHTENING TEST....................................................................... 26
5.5 ROUTINE TESTS..................................................................................................... 27
5.6 BATCH TESTS......................................................................................................... 27
5.7 DOCUMENTATION................................................................................................. 27
SECTION 6 ELECTRICAL CONTROL FITTINGS
6.1 ITEMS TO BE SPECIFIED BY THE PURCHASER................................................ 28
6.2 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................. 28
6.3 TYPE TESTS ............................................................................................................ 28
6.4 BATCH TESTS......................................................................................................... 29
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SECTION 7 PROTECTIVE FITTINGS
7.1 ITEMS TO BE SPECIFIED BY THE PURCHASER................................................ 30
7.2 VIBRATION DAMPERS (STOCKBRIDGE TYPE) ................................................ 30
7.3 SUBCONDUCTOR SPACERS................................................................................. 34
7.4 GENERAL MECHANICAL TYPE TESTS............................................................... 34
7.5 GENERAL ELECTRICAL TYPE TESTS................................................................. 34
7.6 BATCH TESTS......................................................................................................... 35
7.7 DOCUMENTATION................................................................................................. 35
7.8 OTHER PROTECTIVE DEVICES............................................................................ 35
SECTION 8 DIMENSIONS AND MARKING
8.1 DIMENSIONS........................................................................................................... 36
8.2 MARKING................................................................................................................ 40
APPENDICES
A FORGED STEEL FOR LOW TEMPERATURE APPLICATIONS .......................... 52
B METHODS OF CALCULATING VIBRATION DAMPER EFFICIENCY .............. 53
C MECHANICAL IMPEDANCE TESTING................................................................ 56
D CORONA AND RADIO INTERFERENCE VOLTAGE TESTS .............................. 57
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STANDARDS AUSTRALA

AustraIian Standard
InsuIator and conductor fittings for overhead power Iines

Part 1: Performance, material, general requirements and dimensions

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This Standard sets out performance and generaI requirements for insuIator and conductor
fittings (other than heIicaI fittings, OPGW and ADSS fittings, which are covered in
AS 1154.3) together with the criticaI dimensions for cast, forged or fabricated insuIator
fittings for use on overhead eIectric power Iines using insuIators with minimum faiIing
Ioads of 70 kN, 120 kN and 160 kN.
PuIIing eyes provided to assist instaIIation and fittings for insuIated service Iines, aeriaI
bundIed cabIes and high-voItage covered conductors are not covered by this Standard.
Fittings for high-temperature conductors are not covered by this Standard.
)&*!!!C676C6?465!5@4F>6?ED!
The foIIowing documents are referred to in this Standard:
AS
1110 ISO metric hexagon boIts and screwsProduct grades A and B
1110.1 Part 1: BoIts
1111 ISO metric hexagon boIts and screwsProduct grade C
1111.1 Part 1: BoIts
1112 ISO metric hexagon nuts
1112.1 Part 1: StyIe 1Product grades A and B
1112.2 Part 2: StyIe 2Product grades A and B
1112.3 Part 3: Product grade C
1112.4 Part 4: Chamfered thin nutsProduct grades A and B
1154 InsuIator and conductor fittings for overhead power Iines
1214 Hot-dip gaIvanized coatings on threaded fasteners (ISO metric coarse
thread series)
1237 PIain washers for metric boIts, screws and nuts for generaI purposes
1237.1 Part 1: GeneraI pIan
1237.2 Part 2: ToIerances
1442 Carbon steeIs and carbon-manganese steeIsHot-roIIed bars and semi-
finished products
1444 Wrought aIIoy steeIsStandard, hardenabiIity (H) series and hardened
and tempered to designated mechanicaI properties
1448 Carbon steeI and carbon-manganese steeIsForgings (ruIing section
300 mm maximum)
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1544 Methods for impact tests on metaIs
1544.2 Part 2: Charpy V-notch
1733 Methods for the determination of grain size in metaIs
1816 MetaIIic materiaIsBrineII hardness test
1816.1 Part 1: Test method
1816.2 Part 2: Verification and caIibration of testing machines
1816.3 Part 3: CaIibration of reference bIocks
1831 DuctiIe cast iron
1832 MaIIeabIe cast iron
1931 High-voItage test techniques
1931.1 Part 1: GeneraI definitions and test requirements
2074 Cast steeIs
4291 MechanicaI properties of fasteners made of carbon steeI and aIIoy steeI
4291.1 Part 1: BoIts, screws and studs
62271.301 High-voItage switchgear and controIgearDimensionaI standardization
of terminaIs
AS/NZS
1390 Cup head boIts with ISO metric coarse pitch threads
1559 Hot-dip gaIvanized steeI boIts with associated nuts and washers for tower
construction
1866 AIuminium and aIuminium aIIoysExtruded rod, bar, soIid and hoIIow
shapes
1867 AIuminium and aIuminium aIIoysDrawn tubes
2947 InsuIatorsPorceIain and gIass for overhead power IinesVoItages
greater than 1000 V a.c.
2947.1 Part 1: Test methodsInsuIator units
2947.3 Part 3: CoupIings
2947.4 Part 4: Test methodsInsuIator strings and insuIator sets
3678 StructuraI steeIHot-roIIed pIates, fIoorpIates and sIabs
3679 StructuraI steeI
3679.1 Part 1: Hot-roIIed bars and sections
4435 InsuIatorsComposite for overhead power IinesVoItages greater than
1000 V a.c.
4435.2 Part 2: Standard strength cIasses and end fittings for string insuIator units
4680 Hot-dip gaIvanized (zinc) coatings on fabricated ferrous articIes
CISPR 16.1 Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus
and methodsRadio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus (aII
parts)
CISPR 18-2 Radio interference characteristics of overhead power Iines and high-
voItage equipment
Part 2: Methods of measurement and procedure for determining Iimits
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IEEE
563 Guide on conductor seIf-damping measurements
664 Guide for Iaboratory measurement of the power dissipation
characteristics of AeoIian Vibration
CIGRE
SC22 WG22-04 Recommendations for the evaIuation of the Iifetime of transmission Iine
conductors; *HB@PN> 63, March 1979
SC22
WGTF22.11.02
Guide to vibration measurements on overhead Iines; *HB@PN> 163,
Dec 1995
)&+!!!567;?;E;@?D!
For the purpose of this Standard, the definitions given in AS/NZS 2947.1, AS/NZS 2947.4
and those beIow appIy.
)&+&)!!!3K^MR!^O]^]!
Tests intended to verify the materiaIs and workmanship of fittings that are performed on
fittings taken at random from batches offered for inspection.
)&+&*!!!4KVM_VK^ON!L\OKUSXQ!VYKN!"43=#!
The caIcuIated breaking Ioad of a conductor as specified in the appropriate conductor
Standard.
)&+&+!!!4VK]]!2!TYSX^]!
Joints that are subjected to eIectricaI heat cycIe tests but not to a short-time overcurrent
puIse test.
)&+&,!!!4VK]]!3!TYSX^]!
Joints that are subjected to eIectricaI heat cycIe tests and to a short-time overcurrent puIse
test.
)&+&-!!!4YXN_M^Y\!PS^^SXQ]!
Fittings attached directIy to a conductor other than protective fittings.
)&+&.!!!4Y_ZVSXQ!ZY]S^SYX!
The position of Iocking devices in socket coupIings that permits the insertion or removaI of
baIIs.
)&+&/!!!6VOM^\SMKV!MYX^\YV!PS^^SXQ]!
Fittings for controIIing the eIectricaI characteristics of an insuIator set. The mechanicaI
strength of such fittings is not necessariIy reIated to that of a string insuIator unit.
)&+&0!!!7KSVSXQ!VYKN!
The Ioad at which a fitting faiIs during the prescribed test conditions.
)&+&1!!!7_VV!^OX]SYX!PS^^SXQ]!
Conductor fittings for anchoring or joining conductors under tension that are designed for a
strength rating of at Ieast 90 of their maximum conductor size CBL.
)&+&)(!!!;X]_VK^Y\!PS^^SXQ]!
Fittings of an insuIator set or fittings for attaching a bare conductor to a supporting
structure other than string insuIator units or conductor fittings.
)&+&))!!!;X]_VK^Y\!ZSX]!
Rigid fittings for attaching pin insuIators to a supporting structure.
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)&+&)*!!!=YMUSXQ!ZY]S^SYX!
The position of a Iocking device in a socket coupIing that prevents the insertion or removaI
of baIIs.
)&+&)+!!!?YWSXK^ON!MYXN_M^Y\!^OX]SYX!"?4E#!
The maximum working Ioad for Iimited tension fittings. (These vaIues are stated by the
manufacturer or specified by the purchaser.)
NOTE: Thc NCT vaIuc is bascd on thc caIcuIatcd maximum working tcnsion undcr any
combination oI Ioads and tcmpcraturc conditions to which thc conductor may bc subjcctcd in
spcciIic appIications. Thc Ioading, tcmpcraturc conditions and maximum aIIowabIc conductor
tcnsion may bc spcciIicd in statutory rcguIations or codcs.
)&+&),!!!?YWSXK^ON!RYVNSXQ!^OX]SYX!"?9E#!
A test Ioad that a support fitting is required to withstand without sIip of the conductor.
(These vaIues are stated by the manufacturer or specified by the purchaser.)
)&+&)-!!!?YX%^OX]SYX!PS^^SXQ]!
Fittings for eIectricaI connections not subjected to Iine tension.
)&+&).!!!A\Y^OM^S`O!PS^^SXQ]!
AuxiIiary fittings attached to a conductor.
)&+&)/!!!CY_^SXO!^O]^]!
Routine tests are intended to prove conformance of fittings to specific requirements and are
performed on every fitting. The tests are conducted in a way that wiII not damage the
fitting.
)&+&)0!!!DZOMSPSON!WSXSW_W!PKSVSXQ!VYKN!">7=#!
The minimum Ioad specified by the purchaser or decIared by the suppIier at which
mechanicaI faiIure wiII not take pIace.
)&+&)1!!!D_ZZY\^!PS^^SXQ]!
Conductor fittings other than tension or non-tension fittings that grip a conductor and attach
to a string insuIator unit, an insuIator fitting or another support.
)&+&*(!!!EcZO!^O]^]!
Tests intended to vaIidate design characteristics. They are normaIIy performed once onIy
and repeated onIy when the design or the materiaI of the fitting is changed.
)&,!!!86?6C2=!C6BF;C6>6?ED!
)&,&)!!!5OPOM^]!
The fittings shaII be free from defects that wouId be IikeIy to cause them to be
unsatisfactory in service.
)&,&*!!!5O]SQX!
Fittings shaII compIy with the foIIowing:
(a) Fittings shaII be designed so that they compIy with the reIevant requirements of this
Standard.
(b) HoIes carrying pins or boIts shaII be either driIIed or cored paraIIeI-sided. For parts
made of forged steeI, hoIes may be punched. HoIes that are not under mechanicaI
stress may be made by coId or hot punching. HoIes that are under mechanicaI stress
may be made by hot punching at forging temperatures.
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)&,&+!!!>K^O\SKV]!
UnIess otherwise specified in this Standard, fittings may be made from any materiaI or
combination of materiaIs that enabIe the fitting to reach its specified performance.
The materiaIs of compression fittings shaII be capabIe of withstanding the coId-working due
to compression. SteeI compression fittings shaII aIso be made of materiaIs that wiII retain
sufficient impact strength after the compression.
ExampIes of suitabIe materiaIs are as foIIows:
(a) AIuminium or aIuminium aIIoy.
(b) GaIvanized steeI.
(c) GaIvanized maIIeabIe or ductiIe iron or cast steeI.
(d) StainIess steeI.
(e) Copper and copper aIIoys.
Non-metaIIic materiaIs empIoyed shaII have good resistance to ageing and shaII be capabIe
of withstanding service temperatures without detrimentaI change of properties. MateriaIs
shaII have adequate resistance to the effects of ozone, uItravioIet radiation and air-poIIution
over the whoIe range of the service temperature.
MateriaIs shaII not induce corrosion in materiaIs that are in contact with them.
Components shaII be compatibIe with other components and the conductor with which they
wiII be in contact.
)&,&,!!!D_\PKMO!PSXS]R!
Fittings shaII be designed, manufactured and finished so as to avoid sharp radii of
curvature, ridges and surface protrusions that may cause damage to a conductor. Fittings
subjected to eIectricaI stress shaII be manufactured and finished so as to minimize surface
tracking and radio interference.
)&,&-!!!A\Y^OM^SYX!KQKSX]^!MY\\Y]SYX!
AII parts of insuIator and conductor fittings shaII either be inherentIy resistant to
atmospheric corrosion or be suitabIy protected against corrosion, both during storage and in
service. AII ferrous metaI parts that wiII be exposed to the atmosphere in service, except
those made of stainIess steeI, shaII be protected by hot-dip gaIvanizing in accordance with
AS/NZS 4680 for fabricated ferrous articIes, except that no individuaI damaged or uncoated
area shaII exceed 10mm
#
, and in accordance with AS 1214 for threaded fasteners.
)&,&.!!!7Y\WSXQ! YP! MK\LYX! ]^OOV! MYWZYXOX^]! "Y^RO\! ^RKX! ]^KSXVO]]! ]^OOV! Y\! MYK^ON! ]ROO^!
]^OOV!KXN!]^\SZ#!
)&,&.&)!!!,BJBN>H!
AII forming shaII be done prior to gaIvanizing.
)&,&.&*!!!+KNDBA!OPBBH!
Forgings shaII be produced using steeIs and heat treatments compIying with appropriate
Standards.
FuIIy kiIIed carbon and carbon-manganese steeIs having a fine austenitic grain size FG in
accordance with AS 1733 and compIying with one of the foIIowing grades of AS 1448 can
be used:
(i) Grade 1016 normaIized with a hardness range 105 to 135 HB/10/3000.
(ii) Grade 1022 normaIized with a hardness range 130 to 160 HB/10/3000.
(iii) X1320 normaIized with a hardness range 160 to 190 HBW 10/3000.
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(iv) X1340 oiI quenched and tempered with a hardness range 225 to 275
HB/10/3000.
NOTE: MatcriaIs with a hardncss vaIuc outsidc this rangc can bc vaIidatcd by pcrIorming thc
Charpy Tcst as spcciIicd in Appcndix A.
(v) InternationaI grades and heat treatment equivaIent to items (i), (ii) (iii) and (iv).
Other forging steeIs may be suitabIe provided they compIy with the requirements of
AS 1448 and have been heat-treated in accordance with the instructions of the steeI
manufacturer.
For coId weather appIications (Iess than $5C), suggested grades are X1320 and X1340 as
above.
Other forging steeIs for coId weather and heat treatments may be suitabIe provided they
compIy with Appendix A.
If it can be shown that, after being normaIized, steeIs having a carbon content of Iess than
0.33 wiII pass the specified mechanicaI tests set out in this Standard, they may be
suppIied in that condition.
FuIIy kiIIed wrought aIIoy steeIs or stainIess steeIs having a fine austenitic grain size and
compIying with grade 4140 of AS 1444 can be used. StainIess series steeIs shaII be suppIied
in the anneaIed condition and the Standard series steeI shaII be suppIied heat-treated.
)&,&.&+!!!0>HHB>?HB!@>OP!I>PBNF>HO!
MaIIeabIe cast iron shaII be grade B350-10, grade W400-5, grade P450-6 or grade P500-4
as specified in AS 1832. Other maIIeabIe cast materiaIs may be used if they compIy with
appropriate internationaI Standards and the requirements of this Standard.
)&,&.&,!!!5LEBNKFA>H!"AQ@PFHB#!KN!JKAQH>N!DN>LEFPB!@>OP!FNKJ!
SpheroidaI or noduIar graphite cast iron shaII be grade 500-7, grade 400-12 or grade 370-17
as specified in AS 1831. Other spheroidaI or noduIar graphite cast iron may be used if it
compIies with internationaI Standards and the requirements of this Standard.
)&,&.&-!!!)>OP!OPBBHO!
Cast steeIs produced by the Iost wax process (investment castings) may be used, provided
they aIso compIy with both the mechanicaI and charpy requirements of AS 2074.
These cast steeIs shaII be of the foIIowing grades:
(a) Compositions in accordance with those specified for grades X1320 and X1340 in
AS 1442. (These castings shaII be suppIied in the heat-treated condition.)
(b) Grades C71A-1, C7A-2 and C7A-3 in accordance with AS 2074.
(c) Other suitabIe grades according to recognized internationaI Standards.
)&,&.&.!!!9BHA>?HB!>JA!OPNQ@PQN>H!OPBBH!
WeIdabIe and structuraI grade steeI shaII be in accordance with AS/NZS 3678 or
AS/NZS 3679.1.
)&,&/!!!7K]^OXO\]!
)&,&/&)!!!-BT>DKJ>H!?KHPO!
UnIess otherwise specified in this Standard, gaIvanized hexagonaI boIts shaII compIy with
AS 1110.1 or AS 1111.1 and be either
(a) grade 5.8 with a hardness range 152 to 238 HBW 10/3000; or
(b) grade 8.8 with hardness range 238 to 318 HBW 10/3000.
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BoIthead markings shaII dispIay both the manufacturer`s mark and property cIass in
accordance with AS 4291.1.
)&,&/&*!!!-BT>DKJ>H!JQPO!
UnIess otherwise specified in this Standard, gaIvanized hexagonaI nuts shaII compIy with
AS 1112 (aII parts).
)&,&/&+!!!+H>P!S>OEBNO!
UnIess otherwise specified in this Standard, fIat washers shaII compIy with the AS 1237
normaI series (aII parts).
)&,&/&,!!!)QL!EB>A!?KHPO!
UnIess otherwise specified in this Standard, cup head boIts shaII compIy with
AS/NZS 1390.
)&,&/&-!!!6KSBN!?KHPO!
UnIess otherwise specified in this Standard, tower boIts shaII compIy with AS/NZS 1559.
)&,&/&.!!!5LNFJD!S>OEBNO!
In the absence of an appIicabIe Standard, spring washers shaII serve their intended purpose
without faiIure or being detrimentaI to the performance of the fitting.
)&-!!!86?6C2=!C6BF;C6>6?ED!7@C!E6DED!
)&-&)!!!EcZO!^O]^]!
Test certificates giving the resuIts of the appropriate type tests, performed on no fewer than
three fittings identicaI in aII essentiaI detaiIs with those to be suppIied, shaII be regarded as
evidence of compIiance with this Standard. These tests shaII be repeated onIy if specified
by the purchaser. Type test certificates shaII specify the overaII dimensionaI detaiIs of the
fittings.
FuII detaiIs of the conductor used in the test shaII be given, incIuding whether it was
ungreased, partIy greased or whoIIy greased.
NOTE: Othcr cvidcncc oI compIiancc may bc agrccd upon by ncgotiation bctwccn thc purchascr
and thc suppIicr.
)&-&*!!!3K^MR!^O]^]!
)&-&*&)!!!5>ILHFJD!
SampIes for batch tests shaII be seIected in accordance with TabIe 1.1.
E23=6!!!)&)!!
D2>A=;?8!7@C!32E49!E6DED!!
Number in the lot (!)' Number of samples
"1 !100 To be specified by the purchaser
"100 !300 5
" 300 !1200 10
"1200 !3000 14
" 3000 !10 000 20
"10 000 0.002 $ "!
rounded up to the nearest whole number
* " is the number of fittings or devices offered for inspection.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! #$!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
)&-&*&*!!!(@@BLP>J@B!
If onIy one fitting faiIs to compIy with any of the batch tests as prescribed, a new quantity
equaI to twice the first quantity shaII be tested. The testing shaII comprise the test in which
faiIure occurred.
If two or more fittings faiI to compIy with the prescribed batch tests, the compIete batch
shaII be deemed not to compIy with this Standard.
)&.!!!G6C;7;42E;@?!@7!5;>6?D;@?D!
It shaII be verified that the test sampIes are in accordance with the reIevant drawings and
requirements agreed between the purchaser and the suppIier.
! #%! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
< / - = 3 8 7 ! $ ! ! ! 3 7 < > 5 + = 8 ; ! 0 3 = = 3 7 1 < !
*&)!!!;E6>D!E@!36!DA64;7;65!3I!E96!AFC492D6C!
The foIIowing information shouId be specified by the purchaser or decIared by the
manufacturer at the time of order:
(a) MFL of fitting and description.
(b) Diameter and type of fastener to be used with fitting.
(c) MateriaIs from which the fitting is made.
(d) Type of Iocking device cIip for socket ended fittings, i.e. W type or spIit-pin.
(e) Whether type tests are terminated at 125 MFL (see CIause 2.2.2).
(f) Marking requirements (see CIause 8.2).
(g) CIevis end fittings shouId be suppIied with a pin or boIt of the appropriate strength
rating.
(h) Whether operation at Iow temperature is required.
*&*!!!>6492?;42=!DEC6?8E9!EIA6!E6DE!
*&*&)!!!EO]^!K]]OWLVc!
Each fitting shaII be heId in a tensiIe testing machine in a manner approximating as nearIy
as possibIe the arrangement to be used in service.
*&*&*!!!A\YMON_\O!
A tensiIe force equaI to 50 MFL shaII be appIied and maintained for 1 min. The force
shaII then be removed and the fitting measured for signs of permanent distortion.
The Ioad shaII then be reappIied and increased at a steady rate untiI faiIure occurs.
The test may be terminated at 125 MFL.
*&*&+!!!CO[_S\OWOX^!
There shaII be no permanent distortion after the 50 Ioad has been heId for 1 min, and the
eventuaI faiIure shaII be of a ductiIe nature and shaII occur at a Ioad not Iess than the MFL.
In the event of the test being terminated or of faiIure occurring in the test rig at a Ioad
above MFL, eIongation of the test fitting shaII be such as wiII indicate that it is
manufactured from a ductiIe materiaI.
NOTE: Thc no pcrmancnt distortion` rcquircmcnt oI this tcst might rcsuIt in Iittings such as
shackIcs, hooks and othcr Iittings subjcctcd to signiIicant bcnding strcsscs having an actuaI
IaiIing Ioad grcatIy in cxccss oI thc MFL.
*&*&,!!!6b^OXNON!]^\OXQ^R!^O]^!
*&*&,&)!!!3NK@BAQNB!
If a fitting shows distortion at 50 MFL, the Ioad may be re-appIied and increased to
60 MFL and maintained for 1 min. The fitting shaII then be measured again for permanent
distortion. This test is not appIicabIe to shackIes.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! #&!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
*&*&,&*!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
There shaII be no increase in permanent distortion after the 60 Ioad has been heId for
1 min from that measured, after the 50 Ioad has been heId for 1 min.
NOTE: Somc Iittings, notabIy baII and sockct coupIings, havc onIy a Iimitcd contact surIacc. This
can crcatc high bcaring prcssurcs, with rcsuItant IIow oI thc rcIativcIy soIt gaIvanizing as
bcdding-in occurs. That this imprcssion oI cIongation is IaIsc can bc shown by carrying out thc
cxtcndcd strcngth tcst.
*&+!!!92C5?6DD!E6DE!
As stipuIated by this Standard or where specified by the purchaser, the BrineII hardness
vaIue of the fittings shaII be measured 2 mm under the gaIvanized surface in an area that
has not been unduIy stressed and where the thickness before such stressing is not Iess than
10 mm.
*&,!!!C@FE;?6!E6DED!
Ferrous insuIator fittings that are castings or that have weIded joints that are exposed to
tensiIe stress in service are subjected to a tensiIe force of 50 NCT for Iimited tension
fittings and 50 CBL for fuII tension fittings, then graduaIIy increased and then heId for a
minimum of 10 s. Fittings are considered to have passed the test if there is no breakage,
cracking or permanent distortion. Fittings that have passed the routine test shaII be indeIibIy
marked.
*&-!!!32E49!E6DED!
*&-&)!!!GO\SPSMK^SYX!YP!NSWOX]SYX]!
The dimensions of the fittings shaII be verified as specified in CIause 1.6.
*&-&*!!!>OMRKXSMKV!^O]^!
The mechanicaI test shaII be the same as the type test specified in CIause 3.2.
*&-&+!!!8KV`KXSdSXQ!^O]^]!
GaIvanized coatings shaII compIy with the requirements of CIause 1.4.5.
*&-&,!!!9K\NXO]]!^O]^!
The hardness test shaII be the same as the type test specified in CIause 2.3.
*&.!!!5@4F>6?E2E;@?!
Type Test certificates and performance data of the fittings shaII be made avaiIabIe to the
purchaser if requested.

! #'! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
< / - = 3 8 7 ! % ! ! ! = / 7 < 3 8 7 ! 0 3 = = 3 7 1 < !
+&)!!!;E6>D!E@!36!DA64;7;65!3I!E96!AFC492D6C!
The foIIowing information shouId be specified by the purchaser or decIared by the
manufacturer at the time of order:
(a) Conductor size, type, breaking Ioad and appropriate Standard.
(b) Whether the conductor is ungreased, or partiaIIy or whoIIy greased.
(c) MateriaI or materiaIs from which the tension fitting is made.
(d) Dimensions of dies to be used if a compression-type tension fitting is specified.
(e) Any instaIIation instructions to be provided by the manufacturer.
(f) Recommended boIt tightening torque, if a boIted-type anchor or tension fitting is
specified.
(g) Whether the heating cycIe test is required (see CIause 3.4).
(h) Marking requirements (see CIause 8.2).
+&*!!!86?6C2=!
Tension fittings shaII satisfy the appropriate test requirements set out in TabIe 3.1. AII
tension fittings are regarded as CIass A joints (see CIause 1.3.3).
E23=6!!!+&)!
EIA6!E6DE!C6BF;C6>6?ED!7@C!E6?D;@?!7;EE;?8D!
Test Test conditions Criteria Reference for
test method
(1) Holding
strength test for
full tension
fittings
(mandatory)
(1) Preload to 50% CBL
(2) Test load 90% CBL for
1 min

(a) No slip between fitting and
conductor at test load (see Note 1)
(b) No failure at test load
(c) Load and nature of failure
recorded
Clause 3.3.1
(2) Hardness test As stipulated by this Standard or
where specified by purchaser
Clause 3.3.2
(3) Electrical heat
cycle test
(optional)
Tension 2.5 % CBL
250 cycles at 80C
temperature rise

(a) Temperature of fitting not to
exceed temperature of conductor
(b) No local heating. burning or fusing
of any part of the fitting or
conductor
Clause 4.4
NOTES:
1 Where steel compression fittings are being tested. it is not necessary to cut open the fittings.
2 For all types of conductors. the temperature (temperature rise plus ambient temperature) shall be less than
170C.
+&+!!!>6492?;42=!DEC6?8E9!EIA6!E6DED!
+&+&)!!!9YVNSXQ!]^\OXQ^R!^O]^!PY\!P_VV!^OX]SYX!PS^^SXQ]!
+&+&)&)!!!,BJBN>H!
For fittings of the current-carrying type, the heat cycIe test specified in CIause 3.4 may be
performed before the hoIding strength test on the same conductor and fittings.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! #(!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
+&+&)&*!!!6BOP!>OOBI?HU!
The fitting shaII be assembIed in accordance with the manufacturer`s instructions on
conductors of the size and type with which it is to be used. The free Iength of the conductor
between the fitting under test and any other cIamp or fitting in the test assembIy shaII be not
Iess than 100 times the overaII diameter of the conductor.
+&+&)&+!!!3NK@BAQNB!
A tensiIe force of approximateIy 50 CBL shaII be appIied and the conductor shaII be
marked in such a way that movement reIative to the fitting can be detected. Without any
subsequent adjustments to the fitting, the force shaII be increased to 90 CBL and
maintained for 1 min.
The force shaII then be increased steadiIy untiI faiIure occurs. The Ioad and nature of the
faiIure shaII be recorded.
+&+&)&,!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
During the 1 min period in which the tensiIe force is heId at the fixed vaIue, there shaII be
no movement of the conductor reIative to the fitting due to sIip nor any faiIure of the fitting.
If doubt exists after the required 1 min hoIding period, the fittings shaII be re-marked at this
hoIding Ioad and heId for a further 1 min period. Any movement after this further 1 min
hoIding period shaII be cIassed as sIip.
+&+&*!!!9K\NXO]]!^O]^!
As stipuIated by this Standard or where specified by the purchaser, the BrineII hardness
vaIue of the fittings shaII be measured 2 mm under the gaIvanized surface in an area that
has not been unduIy stressed and where the thickness before such stressing is not Iess than
10 mm.
+&,!!!6=64EC;42=!962E;?8!4I4=6!EIA6!E6DE!
+&,&)!!!8OXO\KV!!
The heating cycIe test shaII be carried out on an assembIy of conductor(s) and fittings(s),
assembIed in accordance with the manufacturer`s recommendations and heated by passing a
current through the assembIy. The fitting is assessed by reference to the resistance
measurement taken both before and after the heating cycIe test and by visuaI examination of
the opened fitting(s) after the test.
+&,&*!!!EO]^!K]]OWLVc!
Measurement fitting shaII be assembIed in accordance with the manufacturer`s
recommendations on conductor(s) of the size and type with which it is to be used. Current
connections shaII be made to the conductor at a distance from the fitting of not Iess than 50
times the diameter of the conductor.
Current connections made to the conductor(s) shaII make effective contact with aII those
strands of the conductors that wouId be taken into account in caIcuIating their equivaIent
resistances.
The assembIy shaII be erected indoors so that air may circuIate freeIy around it. It shaII not
be exposed to draughts. The conductor shaII be approximateIy horizontaI and tensioned by a
force of approximateIy 2.5 of the breaking Ioad.
NOTE: II thc conductor tcmpcraturc is 75C to 80C abovc ambicnt tcmpcraturc at thc cnd oI
cach hcating pcriod, it can bc considcrcd that draughts havc not advcrscIy aIIcctcd thc
pcrIormancc oI thc tcst.
! #)! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
+&,&+!!!EO]^!M_\\OX^!
The test current shaII be adjusted during the first 25 heat cycIes so that a steady-state
temperature rise of the conductor of 80C above an ambient temperature of 5C to 40C is
achieved. This heating current shaII then be used for the heating periods of the test,
regardIess of subsequent changes in the steady-state conductor temperature rise.
+&,&,!!!A\YMON_\O!
The procedure shaII be as foIIows:!
"># *HB@PNF@>H!NBOFOP>J@B!
(i) 0BPEKA!!!The resistance of the assembIy shaII be measured between points on
the conductor(s) at either side of the fitting in accordance with CIause 3.4.5 and
this measurement shaII be recorded.
The resistance may be measured with may be made with direct current or with
aIternating current at any convenient frequency or by any other suitabIe means.
(ii) 4BMQFNBIBJP!!!The resistance measured shaII not exceed 75 of the IB>OQNBA
resistance of the equivaIent Iength of conductor.
(b) -B>PFJD!@U@HB!!!The test current shaII be passed continuousIy through the assembIy for
a period of 30 min.
The test current shaII then be interrupted and the assembIy aIIowed to cooI to within
5C above the ambient temperature.
This sequence of operations shaII be repeated for 250 cycIes of heating and cooIing.
The fitting shaII not be tightened or adjusted during the test.
(c) +FPPFJD! PBILBN>PQNB!!!During the Iast five temperature cycIes, the temperature of the
fitting shaII be measured whiIe the test current is fIowing.
+&,&-!!!AY^OX^SKV!ZYSX^]!
PotentiaI points for resistance measurements shaII be instaIIed on the conductor at a
distance of up to 25 mm from the ends of aII test joints.
For stranded conductors, an exampIe of a practicaI potentiaI point is three turns of tinned
copper wire.
Care shouId be taken to ensure that the potentiaI point is twisted tightIy in position before
measurements are taken.
Figure 3.1 shows one acceptabIe method of providing a practicaI potentiaI point. Other
types of frequentIy used potentiaI points couId be used.

FlGURE 3.1 TYPlCAL POTENTlAL POlNTS
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! #*!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
+&,&.!!!CO[_S\OWOX^
During the Iast five cycIes, the maximum temperature at any point on the surface of the
fitting shaII not exceed that of the conductor.
The fittings shaII be opened and there shaII be no sign of IocaI heating, burning or fusing of
any part of the fitting or conductor.
+&-!!!C@FE;?6!E6DED!
Tension fittings that are castings or that have weIded joints that are stressed in service are
subjected to a tensiIe force of 50 MFL for 1 min. Fittings are considered to have passed
the test if there is no breakage, cracking or distortion that can be seen by normaI or
corrected vision without the aid of magnification or measurement. Fittings that have passed
the routine test shaII be indeIibIy marked
+&.!!!32E49!E6DED!
+&.&)!!!GO\SPSMK^SYX!YP!NSWOX]SYX]!
The dimensions of the fittings shaII be verified as specified in CIause 1.6.
+&.&*!!!>OMRKXSMKV!^O]^!
The hoIding strength test specified in CIause 3.3.1 shaII be used except that the test need
not be continued untiI faiIure occurs.
+&.&+!!!9K\NXO]]!^O]^!
The hardness test shaII be carried out on aII sampIes to verify that the batch has hardness
consistent with the type test. If the hardness is within the acceptabIe range, the mechanicaI
test can be reduced to four sampIes.
+&.&,!!!8KV`KXSdSXQ!^O]^]!
GaIvanized coatings shaII compIy with the requirements of CIause 1.4.5.
+&/!!!5@4F>6?E2E;@?!
Type Test certificates and performance data of the fittings shaII be made avaiIabIe to the
purchaser if requested.
! #+! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
< / - = 3 8 7 ! & ! ! ! 7 8 7 " = / 7 < 3 8 7 ! 0 3 = = 3 7 1 < !
,&)!!!;E6>D!E@!36!DA64;7;65!3I!E96!AFC492D6C!
,&)&)!!!4YXN_M^Y\!PS^^SXQ]!
For each conductor fitting, the foIIowing information shaII be specified by the purchaser or
decIared by the manufacturer:
(a) Conductor size, type, breaking Ioad and appropriate Standard.
(b) Whether the conductor is ungreased, or partiaIIy or whoIIy greased.
(c) MateriaI or materiaIs from which the non-tension fitting is made.
(d) Dimensions of dies to be used if a compression-type non-tension fitting is specified.
(e) Recommended boIt tightening torque if a boIted-type fitting is specified.
(f) Whether the heating cycIe test or the short-time current test is required (see
CIauses 4.5 and 4.6).
(g) Whether mechanicaI type tests are to be performed for fittings other than tee fittings
(see CIause 4.3).
(h) Whether a main conductor integrity test is required for tee fittings (see CIause 4.4.1).
(i) Whether a tensiIe and sIip test is to be performed (see CIause 4.4.2).
,&)&*!!!!@Z^SMKV!8\Y_XN!HS\O!"@A8H#!PS^^SXQ]!
For each OPGW fitting, the foIIowing information shaII be specified by the purchaser or
decIared by the manufacturer.
OPGW size and type incIuding
(a) cabIe description, number of fibres (signaI waveIength and aIIowabIe attenuation, if
required);
(b) tube and strand sizes, areas and materiaI properties;
(c) stranding and Iay and cabIe diameter;
(d) CBL;
(e) short circuit rating in kiIo ampere squared seconds; and
(f) maximum cabIe temperature (fauIt conditions).
,&*!!!86?6C2=!C6BF;C6>6?ED!7@C!E6DE;?8!
Non-tension fittings shaII satisfy the appropriate test requirements set out in TabIe 4.1. AII
non-tension fittings are regarded as CIass B joints (see CIause 1.3.4).
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! $"!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
E23=6!!!,&)!
EIA6!E6DE!C6BF;C6>6?ED!7@C!?@?%E6?D;@?!7;EE;?8D!
Test Test conditions Criteria Reference for
test method
(1) Mechanical type test
Fittings other than tee
fittings

(a) Conductors less than
12 kN CBL
(1) Initial test load
5% CBL
(2) Test load 10% CBL for
1 min
(a) No slip between fitting
and conductor at test load
(b) No failure at test load
Clause 4.3.3(a)
(b) Conductors 12 kN or
more CBL
(1) Initial test load 0.6 kN
(2) Test load 1.2 kN for
1 min
(a) No slip between fitting
and conductor at test load
(b) No failure at test load
Clause 4.3.3(b)
(2) Mechanical type test
Tee fittings
Main conductor
integrity test
(optional)
(1) Pre-load main
conductor to 10% CBL
(2) Initial test load
90% CBL
(3) Test load 85% CBL for
1 min
No failure of main conductor
during the 1 min test
period
Clause 4.4.1
(3) Mechanical type test
Tee fittings
Tensile and slip test
(optional)

(a) Conductors less than
12 kN breaking load
(1) Pre-load main
conductor to 10% CBL
(2) Initial test load
90% CBL for main
conductor and 5% CBL
for tee conductor
(3) Test load 85% CBL for
main conductor and
10% CBL for tee
conductor for 1 min
(a) No slip between fitting
and conductor at test load
(b) No slip failure at test
load
Clause 4.4.2.3(a)
(b) Conductors 12 kN or
more breaking load
(1) Pre-load main
conductor to 10% CBL
(2) Initial test load
90% CBL for main
conductor and 0.6 kN
for tee conductor
(3) Test load 85% CBL for
main conductor and
1.2 kN for tee
conductor for 1 min
(a) No slip between fitting
and conductor at test load
(b) No failure at test load
Clause
4.4.2.3(b)
(4) Heating cycle test
(optional)
(1) Tension 2.5% CBL
(2) 250 cycle test for
compression fittings
and 500 cycle test for
other fittings
(3) 80C temperature rise
above ambient (see
Note)
(a) Temperature of fitting
not to exceed temperature
of conductor
(b) No local heating. burning
or fusing of any part of
the fitting or conductor
Clause 4.5
Short-time current test
(optional)
(1) Tension 50% CBL
(2) Current equal to short-
time current rating of
conductor
(3) Current applied twice
for no more than 5 s
(a) Temperature of fitting
not to exceed temperature
of conductor
(b) No local heating. burning
or fusing of any part of
the fitting or conductor
Clause 4.6
NOTE: For all types of conductors. the temperature (temperature rise plus ambient temperature) shall be less
than 170C.
! $#! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
,&+!!!>6492?;42=!EIA6!E6DED!7@C!7;EE;?8D!@E96C!E92?!E66!7;EE;?8D!
,&+&)!!!8OXO\KV!
If specified, non-tension joints other than tee fittings shaII compIy with the requirements of
this CIause (4.3).
,&+&*!!!EO]^!K]]OWLVc!
The fitting shaII be assembIed in accordance with the manufacturer`s instructions on
conductors of the sizes and types with which it is to be used. The assembIy shaII be
mounted in a tensiIe testing machine and anchored in such a way that the test force is
appIied in the direction of the conductor.
,&+&+!!!A\YMON_\O!
The procedure shaII be as foIIows:
(a) )KJAQ@PKNO! HBOO! PE>J! &'!G1! ?NB>GFJD! HK>A!!!When the CBL is Iess than 12 kN, a
tensiIe force of about 5 CBL shaII be appIied and the conductor shaII be marked in
such a way that movement reIative to the fitting can be detected easiIy. Without any
subsequent adjustment of the fitting, the force shaII be steadiIy increased to 10
CBL. This force shaII be maintained for 1 min.
(b) )KJAQ@PKNO!&'!G1!KN!IKNB!?NB>GFJD!HK>A!!!Where the CBL is 12 kN or more, a tensiIe
force of 0.6 kN shaII be appIied and the conductor shaII be marked in such a way that
movement reIative to the fitting can be detected easiIy. Without any subsequent
adjustment of the fitting, the force shaII be steadiIy increased to 1.2 kN. This force
shaII be maintained for 1 min.
,&+&,!!!CO[_S\OWOX^!
At test Ioad, there shaII be no movement of the conductor reIative to the fitting due to sIip
and no faiIure of the fitting.
If doubt exists after the required 1 min hoIding period, the fittings shaII be re-marked at this
hoIding Ioad and heId for a further 1 min period. Any movement after this further 1 min
hoIding period shaII be cIassed as sIip.
,&,!!!>6492?;42=! EIA6! E6DED! 7@C! E66! 7;EE;?8D! H96C6! E96! >2;?!
4@?5F4E@C!;D!4@?E;?F@FD!
,&,&)!!!>KSX!MYXN_M^Y\!SX^OQ\S^c!^O]^!
,&,&)&)!!!,BJBN>H!
Where specified, non-tension tee fittings shaII compIy with the requirements of this
CIause (4.4.1).
,&,&)&*!!!6BOP!>OOBI?HU!
A Iength of main conductor of the size and type with which the fitting is to be used shaII be
tensioned using a force equaI to 10 CBL of the conductor.
The tee fitting shaII be assembIed on the main conductor in accordance with the
manufacturer`s instructions. The Iength of main conductor on each side of the tee fitting
shaII be not Iess than 100 times the overaII diameter of the main conductor.
,&,&)&+!!!3NK@BAQNB!
A tensiIe force equaI to 90 of its breaking Ioad shaII be appIied graduaIIy to the main
conductor and heId for 1 min.
,&,&)&,!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
There shaII be no faiIure of the main conductor during the 1 min period when 90
conductor breaking Ioad is appIied.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! $$!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
,&,&*!!!EOX]SVO!KXN!]VSZ!^O]^!
,&,&*&)!!!,BJBN>H!
If specified, non-tension tee fittings shaII compIy with the requirements of this
CIause (4.4.2).
,&,&*&*!!!6BOP!>OOBI?HU!
The tee fitting shaII be assembIed on a tee conductor of the size and type with which it is to
be used in accordance with the manufacturer`s instructions.
The assembIy shaII be mounted in a tensiIe testing machine and anchored in a way such that
the test force is appIied axiaIIy to the tee conductor.
,&,&*&+!!!3NK@BAQNB!
The procedure shaII be as foIIows:
(a) 6BB! @KJAQ@PKNO! HBOO! PE>J! &'!G1! ?NB>GFJD! HK>A!!!Where the breaking Ioad of the tee
conductor is Iess than 12 kN, a tensiIe force of about 5 CBL shaII be appIied to the
conductor and the conductor marked in a way such that any movement reIative to the
fitting may be detected. Without further adjustment of the fitting, the force shaII be
graduaIIy increased to 10 CBL and maintained for 1 min.
(b) 6BB! @KJAQ@PKNO! &'!G1! KN! IKNB! ?NB>GFJD! HK>A!!!Where the breaking Ioad of the
conductor is 12 kN or more, a tensiIe force of 0.6 kN shaII be appIied to the conductor
and the conductor marked in a way such that any movement reIative to the fitting may
be detected.
Without further adjustment of the fitting, the force shaII be graduaIIy increased to
1.2 kN and maintained for 1 min.
,&,&*&,!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
There shaII be no movement of the tee conductor reIative to the fitting during the 1 min
period.
If doubt exists after the required 1 min hoIding period, the fittings shaII be re-marked at this
hoIding Ioad and heId for a further 1 min period. Any movement after this further 1 min
hoIding period shaII be cIassed as sIip.
,&-!!!6=64EC;42=!962E;?8!4I4=6!EIA6!E6DE!
,&-&)!!!8OXO\KV!
The heating cycIe test shaII be carried out on an assembIy of conductor(s) and fittings(s),
assembIed in accordance with the manufacturer`s recommendations and heated by passing a
current through the assembIy. The fitting is assessed by reference to the resistance
measurement taken both before and after the heating cycIe test and by visuaI examination of
the opened fitting(s) after the test.
,&-&*!!!EO]^!K]]OWLVc!
The fitting shaII be assembIed in accordance with the manufacturer`s recommendations on
conductor(s) of the size and type with which it is to be used. Current connections shaII be
made to the conductor at a distance from the fitting of not Iess than 50 times the diameter of
the conductor.
Current connections made to the conductor(s) shaII make effective contact with aII those
strands of the conductors that wouId be taken into account in caIcuIating their equivaIent
resistances.
The assembIy shaII be erected indoors so that air may circuIate freeIy around it. It shaII not
be exposed to draughts. The conductor shaII be approximateIy horizontaI.
! $%! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
,&-&+!!!EO]^!M_\\OX^!
The test current shaII be adjusted during the first 25 heat cycIes so that a steady-state
temperature rise of the conductor of 80C above an ambient temperature of 5C to 40C is
achieved. This heating current shaII then be used for the heating periods of the test,
regardIess of subsequent changes in of the steady-state conductor temperature rise.
,&-&,!!!A\YMON_\O!
The procedure shaII be as foIIows:
(a) *HB@PNF@>H!NBOFOP>J@B
(i) 0BPEKA!!!The resistance of the assembIy shaII be measured between points on
the conductor(s) on either side and up to 25 mm from the fitting in accordance
with CIause 4.6.2 and this measurement recorded.
The resistance shaII be measured direct current or with aIternating current at
any convenient frequency or by any other suitabIe means.
(ii) 4BMQFNBIBJP! CKN! @KILNBOOFKJ! CFPPFJDO The resistance measured shaII not
exceed 75 of the measured resistance of the equivaIent Iength of conductor.
(b) -B>PFJD!@U@HB!!!The test current shaII be passed continuousIy through the assembIy for
a period of 30 min.
The test current shaII then be interrupted and the assembIy aIIowed to cooI to within
5C above the ambient temperature.
This sequence of operations shaII be repeated for 250 cycIes of heating and cooIing
for compression fittings and 500 cycIes of heating and cooIing for non-compression
fittings.
The fitting shaII not be tightened or adjusted during the test.
(c) +FPPFJD! PBILBN>PQNB!!!During the Iast five temperature cycIes, the temperature of the
fitting shaII be measured whiIe the test current is fIowing.
,&-&-!!!CO[_S\OWOX^
During the Iast five cycIes, the maximum temperature at any point on the surface of the
fitting shaII not exceed that of the conductor.
At the end of the test the resistance shaII be measured again as in CIause 4.5.4(a), and this
resistance shaII not exceed 130 of the initiaI vaIue.
The fitting shaII be opened and there shaII be no sign of IocaI heating, burning or fusing of
any part of the fitting or conductor.
,&.!!!D9@CE%E;>6!4FCC6?E!E6DE!
,&.&)!!!DRY\^%^SWO!M_\\OX^!^O]^!
,&.&)&)!!!6BOP!>OOBI?HU!
Fitting(s) and conductors shaII be assembIed as specified in CIause 4.5.2 and erected
indoors with the conductors approximateIy horizontaI.
,&.&)&*!!!3NK@BAQNB!
The short-time current shaII be passed through the assembIy using the conductors that are
not continuous, e.g. for a tee fitting the current shaII fIow through the main conductor and
the tee conductor.
The short-time current shaII be maintained for a period not exceeding 5 s.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! $&!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
The short-time current shaII be defined as that current that raises the temperature of the
conductor by 200C for aIuminium and ACSR conductors and 400C for SC/GZ and SC/AC
conductors.
,&.&)&+!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
FoIIowing the test the fitting shaII be opened and there shaII be no sign of IocaI heating,
burning or fusing of any part of the fitting or conductor.
,&.&*!!!AY^OX^SKV!ZYSX^]!
PotentiaI points for resistance measurements shaII be instaIIed on the conductor at a
distance of up to 25 mm from the ends of aII test joints.
For stranded conductors an exampIe of a practicaI potentiaI point consists of three turns of
tinned copper wire.
Care shouId be taken to ensure that the potentiaI point is twisted tightIy in position before
measurements are taken.
Figure 4.1 shows one acceptabIe method of providing a practicaI potentiaI point. Other
types of frequentIy used potentiaI points couId be used.

FlGURE 4.1 TYPlCAL POTENTlAL POlNTS
,&/!!!32E49!E6DED!
,&/&)!!!GO\SPSMK^SYX!YP!NSWOX]SYX]!
The dimensions of the fittings shaII be verified as specified in CIause 1.6.
,&/&*!!!>OMRKXSMKV!^O]^!
The mechanicaI tests specified in CIause 4.3 and 4.4 shaII be used.
,&/&+!!!9K\NXO]]!^O]^!
The hardness test shaII be carried out on aII sampIes to verify that the batch has hardness
consistent with the type test. If the hardness is within the acceptabIe range, the mechanicaI
test can be reduced to four sampIes.
,&/&,!!!8KV`KXSdSXQ!^O]^]!
GaIvanized coatings shaII compIy with the requirements of CIause 1.4.5.
,&0!!!5@4F>6?E2E;@?!
Type test certificates and performance data shaII be made avaiIabIe to the purchaser if
requested.
! $'! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
< / - = 3 8 7 ! ' ! ! ! < > < 9 / 7 < 3 8 7 ! + 7 . ! < > 9 9 8 ; = !
0 3 = = 3 7 1 < !
-&)!!!;E6>D!E@!36!DA64;7;65!3I!E96!AFC492D6C!
The foIIowing information shouId be specified by the purchaser or decIared by the
manufacturer at the time of order:
(a) Conductor size and type, breaking Ioad and appropriate Standard.
(b) Whether the conductor is ungreased, or partiaIIy or whoIIy greased.
(c) Presence of armouring.
(d) NHT.
(e) MFL of support fitting.
(f) Type and MFL of attachment and coupIing parts, e.g. cIevis, tongue, minimum
socket, eye or thimbIe.
(g) MateriaI or combination of materiaIs from which the fitting is made.
(h) Marking requirements (see CIause 8.2).
-&*!!!86?6C2=!C6BF;C6>6?ED!7@C!E6DED!@?!DFAA@CE!7;EE;?8D!
In addition to the requirements of CIause 1.5, a support fitting under test shaII be tested in a
manner as near as possibIe to the arrangement used in service. In order to avoid their
unacceptabIe deformation, the attachments required to transmit the mechanicaI Ioads to the
test fitting may be strengthened.
Throughout this Section, the word conductor` is used when the test appIies to fittings for
conductors or earth-wires.
-&+!!!>6492?;42=!DEC6?8E9!EIA6!E6DED!
-&+&)!!!9YVNSXQ!^OX]SYX!"aS^R]^KXN!]VSZ#!^O]^!
-&+&)&)!!!,BJBN>H!!
This test shaII be performed on aII support fittings.
-&+&)&*!!!6BOP!>OOBI?HU!>JA!LNK@BAQNB!!
The fitting shaII be assembIed on the conductor (and armour rods, if required) in accordance
with the manufacturer`s recommendations. The torque used to tighten the fitting shaII be
measured and recorded. The test shaII be carried out in a manner approximating as nearIy as
possibIe the arrangement to be used in service. The free Iength of conductor shaII be not
Iess than 50 A, where A is diameter of the conductor (see Figure 5.1). UnIess otherwise
specified by the purchaser, a tensiIe force of about 50 of the nominated hoIding tension
shaII be appIied and the conductor shaII be marked in such a way that movement reIative to
the fitting can be detected easiIy. Without any subsequent adjustment to the fitting, the
force shaII be increased steadiIy untiI the nominated hoIding tension is reached and shaII be
maintained for 1 min. The Ioad shaII be increased steadiIy untiI a movement of the
conductor reIative to the fitting of approximateIy 3 mm occurs or the fitting faiIs, at which
point the Ioad shaII be recorded.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! $(!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
-&+&)&+!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
During the 1 min period in which the tensiIe force is heId at the nominated hoIding tension,
there shaII be no movement of the conductor reIative to the fitting due to sIip and no faiIure
of the fitting.
-&+&*!!!7KSVSXQ!VYKN!^O]^!
-&+&*&)!!!,BJBN>H!
This test shaII be performed on aII support fittings.
-&+&*&*!!!6BOP!>OOBI?HU!>JA!LNK@BAQNB!
The fittings shaII be assembIed in accordance with the manufacturer`s recommendations
using either the conductors for which they were designed or mandreIs (see Figure 5.2). A
tensiIe force shaII be appIied and increased steadiIy untiI faiIure occurs.
-&+&*&+!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
The faiIing Ioad shaII be not Iess than the specified MFL and faiIure shaII be of a ductiIe
nature.
-&,!!!4=2>A!3@=E!E;89E6?;?8!E6DE!
The test shaII be performed by instaIIing the cIamp on a conductor with a diameter equaI to
that of the conductor with which the cIamp is intended to be used, the boIts or nuts, or both,
being tightened with the instaIIation torque specified by the suppIier.
This torque shaII then be increased to the specified instaIIation vaIue times a factor of 1.1.
The threaded connection shaII remain serviceabIe for any number of subsequent
instaIIations or removaIs, and aII components comprising the cIamp shaII be undamaged. No
unacceptabIe damage shaII occur to the conductor inside the cIamp.
The torque shaII then be increased to either twice the specified instaIIation vaIue or the
maximum torque vaIue recommended by the boIt suppIier, whichever is Iower. This
increase shaII not resuIt in any breakage either to threaded parts or to the components
connected to them.

FlGURE 5.1 HOLDlNG TENSlON (WlTHSTAND SLlP) TEST
! $)! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!

FlGURE 5.2 FAlLlNG LOAD TEST
-&-!!!C@FE;?6!E6DED!
Support fittings that are castings or that have weIded joints that are exposed to tensiIe stress
in service are subjected to a tensiIe force of 50 MFL, graduaIIy increased, then heId for
30 s. Fittings are considered to have passed the test if there is no breakage, cracking or
distortion that can be seen by normaI or corrected vision without the aid of magnification or
measurement. Fittings that have passed the routine test shaII be indeIibIy marked.
-&.!!!32E49!E6DED!
-&.&)!!!GO\SPSMK^SYX!YP!NSWOX]SYX]!
The dimensions of the fittings shaII be verified as specified in CIause 1.6.
-&.&*!!!>OMRKXSMKV!^O]^!
The faiIing Ioad test specified in CIause 5.3.2 shaII be conducted.
-&.&+!!!8KV`KXSdSXQ!^O]^]!
GaIvanized coatings shaII compIy with the requirements of CIause 1.4.5.
-&/!!!5@4F>6?E2E;@?!
Type test certificates and performance data shaII be made avaiIabIe to the purchaser if
requested.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! $*!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
< / - = 3 8 7 ! ( ! ! ! / 5 / - = ; 3 - + 5 ! - 8 7 = ; 8 5 !
0 3 = = 3 7 1 < !
.&)!!!;E6>D!E@!36!DA64;7;65!3I!E96!AFC492D6C!
The foIIowing information shouId be specified by the purchaser or decIared by the
manufacturer at the time of order:
(a) Type of fitting and required controI characteristics.
(b) DetaiIs of insuIator set and method of attaching fitting.
(c) Required cIearances and dimensions.
(d) Loading requirements, incIuding the vaIue and direction of the Ioad (see
CIause 6.3.1), e.g. the need to support the weight of a person or equipment.
(e) MateriaI or combination of materiaIs from which the fitting is to be made.
(f) Whether eIectricaI type tests are to be performed (see CIause 6.3.2).
(g) Whether a radio interference test is to be performed (see CIause 6.3.2).
(h) Whether a corona test is to be performed (see CIause 6.3.2).
.&*!!!86?6C2=!C6BF;C6>6?ED!
EIectricaI controI fittings shaII be designed to achieve the specified controI characteristics,
and to ensure that when they are incorporated in insuIator sets the specified eIectricaI
performance of the sets is achieved.
.&+!!!EIA6!E6DED!
.&+&)!!!>OMRKXSMKV!]^\OXQ^R!^O]^!
.&+&)&)!!!,BJBN>H!
The mechanicaI strength test shaII be performed on fittings required to support a Ioad.
.&+&)&*!!!6BOP!>OOBI?HU!>JA!LNK@BAQNB!
The test assembIy shaII consist of the insuIator set on which the fitting is intended to be
mounted. The fitting shaII be assembIed and supported in a manner approximating as nearIy
as possibIe the arrangement in service and shaII then be subjected to the specified Ioad.
.&+&)&+!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
The fitting shaII support the specified Ioad without permanent distortion or faiIure.
.&+&*!!!6VOM^\SMKV!^O]^]!
.&+&*&)!!!,BJBN>H!
The geometry of the test arrangements and the acceptance criteria shaII be subject to
agreement between the purchaser and the suppIier.
.&+&*&*!!!4>AFK!FJPBNCBNBJ@B!PBOP!
A radio interference test, if specified, shaII be performed in accordance with Appendix D.
.&+&*&+!!!)KNKJ>!PBOP!
A corona-extinction voItage test, if specified, shaII be performed on the fitting in
accordance with Appendix D.
! $+! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
.&,!!!32E49!E6DED!
.&,&)!!!GO\SPSMK^SYX!YP!NSWOX]SYX]!
The dimensions of the fittings shaII be verified as specified in CIause 1.6.
.&,&*!!!8KV`KXSdSXQ!^O]^]!
GaIvanized coatings shaII compIy with the requirements of CIause 1.4.5.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! %"!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
< / - = 3 8 7 ! ) ! ! ! 9 ; 8 = / - = 3 ? / ! 0 3 = = 3 7 1 < !
/&)!!!;E6>D!E@!36!DA64;7;65!3I!E96!AFC492D6C!
The foIIowing information shouId be specified by the purchaser or decIared by the
manufacturer at the time of order:
(a) Conductor size, type and breaking Ioad, and the Standard to which the conductor is
manufactured.
(b) Whether the conductor is ungreased, or partiaIIy or whoIIy greased.
(c) Conductor stringing criteria (nominaI everyday tension and temperature).
(d) Compressive and expansive forces that occur between bundIed subconductors (for
spacers).
(e) Spacing of conductors (for spacers).
(f) MateriaI or materiaIs from which the fitting is made.
(g) Acceptance curve (for dampers).
(h) Compressive and expansive forces required to perform mechanicaI type tests (see
CIause 7.3.2).
(i) If the fieId test or anaIyticaI method is to be used to determine damper effectiveness,
the information Iisted in CIause 7.2.2.3 or CIause 7.2.2.4.
/&*!!!G;3C2E;@?!52>A6CD!"DE@4<3C;586!EIA6#!
/&*&)!!!8OXO\KV!\O[_S\OWOX^]!
Dampers shaII be designed to minimize the effects of vibration on a conductor and
associated fittings. The damper efficiency test is a measure of a damper's efficiency on a
test span and may be used to provide quantitative comparison between different dampers.
Dampers shaII compIy with the reIevant test requirements of this CIause (7.2) and
CIauses 7.4 and 7.5.
/&*&*!!!5KWZO\!OPPSMSOXMc!^cZO!^O]^!
/&*&*&)!!!,BJBN>H!
Dampers shaII compIy with the reIevant requirements of one of the foIIowing tests:
(i) The Iaboratory span test of CIause 7.2.2.2;
(ii) The fieId test of CIause 7.2.2.3; or
(iii) The anaIyticaI method of CIause 7.2.2.4.
The Iaboratory span test shaII be the preferred method.
/&*&*&*!!!/>?KN>PKNU!OL>J!PBOP!
/&*&*&*&)!!!,BJBN>H!
The Iaboratory span test shaII be performed both before and after the fatigue type test
specified in CIause 7.2.4.
/&*&*&*&*!!!6BOP!>OOBI?HU!>JA!LNK@BAQNB!
UnIess otherwise varied by this Standard, the test assembIy and procedures shouId foIIow
the recommendations of IEEE 563 and IEEE 664. The test assembIy and procedures shaII be
performed on an indoor Iaboratory test span.
! %#! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
The test span, if not of the conductor with which the damper is to be used, shaII be of the
same basic construction and shaII have a characteristic impedance (see Note 1) within 10
of the specified conductor. The span shaII have 30 m minimum cIear Iength between rigid
supports, and outside these supports tension fittings shaII be used to appIy and maintain a
tensiIe force of 25 of the breaking Ioad.
The damper shaII be attached to the conductor adjacent to one rigid support and a vibration
generator attached to the conductor at the remote end of the span. The distance between the
damper and the first rigid support shaII be that recommended by the manufacturer and the
distance between the shaker and the second rigid support shaII be such that it wiII be within
the first vibration Ioop for the range of frequencies at which the damper is to be tested.
Protective armour rods shaII not be fitted to the test conductor except for OPGW
conductors. For OPGW conductors the armour rods to be used in service shaII be fitted. The
rigid cIamp shown in Figure 7.1 shaII be fitted over the armour rods.
The span shaII be vibrated at each tunabIe frequency of the span in the range shown in
Figure B1 and measurements of the bending ampIitude recorded (see Note 2), taken 90 mm
from the nearest face of the rigid support adjacent to the damper, together with such other
measurements as may be needed to determine the damper efficiency. AII measurements
shaII be made with a free Ioop antinode ampIitude (<) of 67/C mm peak-to-peak, C being the
frequency in Hz.
Measuring equipment required to be attached to the conductor shaII not significantIy aIter
any of the vibration ampIitudes.
NOTES:
1 Thc charactcristic impcdancc oI thc conductor ("
"
) is dcIincd as:
"
"!
-
! !"

whcrc
! - 25 oI thc brcaking Ioad, in ncwtons
# - conductor mass, in kiIograms pcr mctrc.
2 Thc bcnding ampIitudc is thc pcak-to-pcak dispIaccmcnt oI thc conductor, in miIIimctrcs.

FlGURE 7.1 TEST RlG FOR LABORATORY TEST OF DAMPER EFFECTlVENESS
/&*&*&*&+!!!4BMQFNBIBJPO!
The requirements shaII be as foIIows:
(a) The damper efficiency when caIcuIated by either the power method or the standing
wave method (see Appendix B) shaII be not Iess than the appropriate acceptance
curve (see Figure B1, Appendix B).
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! %$!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
(b) The maximum bending ampIitude measured 90 mm from the rigid support shaII not
exceed 0.25 mm peak-to-peak.
/&*&*&+!!!+FBHA!PBOP!
The fieId test shaII be carried out on at Ieast two spans of different Iengths. The test spans
shaII be seIected between supports with suspension sets and shaII be approximateIy IeveI.
The purchaser shaII specify or agree upon the test duration, the measurements to be made
(bending ampIitude or strain at the suspension cIamp, wind veIocity and direction,
turbuIence), the instrumentation and transducers to be used, and the method of processing
and presenting the experimentaI data.
The duration of the specified fieId tests shaII be extended if, during the test period, the
occurrence of wind perpendicuIar to the test spans with veIocities in the range 0.5 m/s to
10 m/s is deemed to have been insufficient.
The acceptance criteria shaII take into consideration the measured bending ampIitudes or
strains on the conductor. They shaII be agreed between the purchaser and the suppIier,
making reference to CIGRE SC22 WG22.04, or SC22 WGTF2.11.02, or to equivaIent
pubIications.
/&*&*&,!!!(J>HUPF@>H!IBPEKA!
The damper effectiveness shaII be determined by means of computer programs based on
mathematicaI modeIIing. However, sufficient evidence shouId be provided to demonstrate
that the anaIyticaI method being used has been vaIidated against Iaboratory resuIts or fieId
test resuIts.
The purchaser shaII provide the foIIowing information where avaiIabIe:
(a) Length(s) of the span(s) to be considered.
(b) Characteristics of the conductor: type, stranding, mass per Iength, rated tensiIe
strength (RTS).
(c) TensiIe Ioad of the conductors, the reIevant temperature and ruIing span.
(d) Degree of conductor seIf-damping.
(e) Type of suspension cIamp (conventionaI, heIicaI, etc.).
(f) Characteristics of armour rods, if appIied.
(g) Terrain (fIat, coastaI area, suburban area, etc.).
(h) YearIy distribution of the average wind veIocity (average vaIue for 10 min).
(i) Characteristics of devices (for exampIe, warning spheres) attached to the conductor,
and their in-span distribution.
/&*&+!!!>OMRKXSMKV!SWZONKXMO!^cZO!^O]^!
/&*&+&)!!!6BOP!>OOBI?HU!
The damper shaII be fitted to a shaker so that the cIamp axis and the messenger are
horizontaI. The shaker apparatus shaII be of a design such that movement at the damper
cIamp is restricted to a verticaI direction.
/&*&+&*!!!3NK@BAQNB!
A sinusoidaI force shaII be appIied by the shaker to drive the cIamp in a verticaI direction to
an ampIitude of 1 mm peak-to-peak over the frequency range specified in CIause 7.2.2.2.2.
AIternativeIy, the cIamp may be driven at the same peak-to-peak veIocity at aII frequencies
by setting an ampIitude of 33/C mm peak-to-peak.
! %%! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
The force appIied to the damper cIamp and the reIative phase angIe between that force and
the resuIting cIamp dispIacement or veIocity, depending on the method used, shaII be
measured over the required frequency range.
Measurements shaII be repeated for a cIamp ampIitude of 2 mm peak-to-peak or, if the
constant veIocity option has been seIected, at a veIocity with an ampIitude of 67/C mm peak-
to-peak.
/&*&+&+!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
For each ampIitude, separate curves for the resistive and reactive components of mechanicaI
impedance shaII be pIotted against frequency (see Appendix C).
The estabIished curves constitute the characteristics identifier of a damper type.
/&*&,!!!7K^SQ_O!^cZO!^O]^!
/&*&,&)!!!,BJBN>H!
Fatigue tests shaII be performed for the purpose of assessing the integrity of the messenger
cabIe and damper assembIy.
/&*&,&*!!!6BOP!>OOBI?HU!>JA!LNK@BAQNB!
The damper shaII be fitted to a shaker at an angIe of 20 degrees to the horizontaI to simuIate
the conductor take-off angIe. The shaker shaII be driven in a verticaI direction with a
frequency of vibration corresponding to the nearest resonant frequency of the damper to a
frequency of 250%A and 880/A$ where A is the diameter of the conductor in miIIimetres. The
damper shaII be shaken for a minimum of 5 ' 10
$
cycIes at each frequency with an
ampIitude of vibration of 25/C!mm peak-to-peak, where C is the frequency in hertz.
/&*&,&+!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
After the compIetion of the test, there shaII be no damage, deformation or Ioosening of any
part of the damper.
/&*&-!!!HOSQR^!Z_VV%YPP!^cZO!^O]^!
/&*&-&)!!!,BJBN>H!
The weight puII-off type test shaII be performed on vibration dampers that have previousIy
been subjected to a fatigue test to determine the adequacy of the attachment of the weights
to the messenger wire.
/&*&-&*!!!6BOP!>OOBI?HU!>JA!LNK@BAQNB!
The damper weights shaII be heId in a tensiIe testing machine in such a way that no
compressive Ioad is appIied to the messenger weight connection. A tensiIe force shaII be
appIied between the two weights untiI separation occurs.
/&*&-&+!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
Damper weights shaII not separate from the messenger wire at Ioads Iess than the foIIowing:

Mass of damper weights
(kg)
Test Ioad
(kN)
!1.0
~1.0 !2.0
~2.0 !3.0
~3.0 !4.0
2.00
2.75
3.00
3.25

)*!$$'&"$+%##(! %&!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
/&+!!!DF34@?5F4E@C!DA246CD!
/&+&)!!!8OXO\KV!\O[_S\OWOX^]!
Spacers shaII withstand the compressive and expansive forces that may occur between
subconductors under fauIt or wind conditions. They shaII satisfy the reIevant test
requirements of this Section together with the tests in CIause 7.5 and, if reIevant,
CIause 7.4.
/&+&*!!!>OMRKXSMKV!^cZO!^O]^]!
/&+&*&)!!!6BOP!LNK@BAQNB!
The fitting shaII be assembIed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions using
either the conductor for which it was designed or mandreIs of conductor diameter. A tensiIe
force shaII be appIied and increased at a steady rate untiI the specified Ioad is reached or
untiI faiIure occurs.
The test shaII be repeated using a compressive force that shaII be appIied and increased at a
steady rate untiI the specified Ioad is reached or faiIure occurs.
FaiIure shaII be deemed to have occurred when a fitting is so deformed that the conductor
or mandreI wiII not return to within 10 of the originaI spacing.
/&+&*&*!!!4BMQFNBIBJP!
The spacer shaII withstand the specified forces before faiIure occurs.
/&,!!!86?6C2=!>6492?;42=!EIA6!E6DED!
/&,&)!!!4VKWZ!]VSZ!^O]^eQOXO\KV!
The cIamp sIip test shaII be performed on aII protective fittings that attach to the conductor
by means of a cIamp.
/&,&*!!!4VKWZ!]VSZ!^O]^eEO]^!K]]OWLVc!KXN!Z\YMON_\O!
The fitting shaII be instaIIed on a Iength of conductor of the size and type with which it is to
be used. Where an attachment boIt is the method of fastening, it shaII be tightened to an
instaIIation torque 10 beIow that recommended by the manufacturer. The conductor shaII
be marked in such a way that movement reIative to the fitting can be detected easiIy.
A force shaII be appIied to the cIamp axiaIIy aIong the centreIine of the conductor and
increased steadiIy untiI a cIamp sIip of 3 mm reIative to the conductor occurs, at which
point the Ioad shaII be recorded.
/&,&+!!!4VKWZ!]VSZ!^O]^eCO[_S\OWOX^!
The force at which the cIamp sIips shaII be not Iess than 700 N and shaII not damage the
conductor.
Any anciIIary device that cIamps to the conductor shaII not damage the conductor by its
instaIIation and operation.
/&-!!!86?6C2=!6=64EC;42=!EIA6!E6DED!
/&-&)!!!8OXO\KV!
EIectricaI tests, if required, need onIy be performed on one fitting.
/&-&*!!!4Y\YXK!KXN!\KNSY!SX^O\PO\OXMO!`YV^KQO!"C;G#!^O]^!
The geometry of the test arrangements and the acceptance criteria shaII be subject to
agreement between the purchaser and the suppIier.
Corona and radio interference voItage tests shaII be performed in accordance with
Appendix D.
! %'! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
/&.!!!32E49!E6DED!
/&.&)!!!EO]^![_KX^S^SO]!
For vibration dampers, test quantities for the mechanicaI impedance test and fatigue test
shaII be 30 of the quantities specified in TabIe 1.1, with a minimum of two sampIes.
/&.&*!!!GO\SPSMK^SYX!YP!NSWOX]SYX]!
The dimensions of the fittings shaII be verified as specified in CIause 1.6.
/&.&+!!!8KV`KXSdSXQ!^O]^]!
GaIvanized coatings shaII compIy with the requirements of CIause 1.4.5.
/&.&,!!!7K^SQ_O!^O]^!
When required, fittings shaII compIy with the requirements of CIause 7.2.4.
/&.&-!!!HOSQR^!Z_VV%YPP!^O]^!
Fittings shaII compIy with the requirements of CIause 7.2.5.
/&.&.!!!>OMRKXSMKV!SWZONKXMO!^O]^!
Fittings shaII be tested using the test assembIy described in CIause 7.2.3.1 and the
procedure described in CIause 7.2.3.2. The curves obtained are compared with those
obtained in CIause 7.2.3.3. A batch is considered acceptabIe if its curves show the same
generaI characteristics as those obtained in CIause 7.2.3.3 and if major peaks (those
occurring at absoIute impedance vaIues greater than the moduIes of
!"
) occur at
frequencies within &10 of those of at Ieast one of the curves obtained in the type tests. If
the peaks Iie outside this range, the dampers are considered acceptabIe onIy if they pass the
tests specified in CIauses 7.2.2, 7.2.3, 7.2.4 and 7.2.5, in which case these curves may be
added to those of the type test of CIause 7.2.3 to form a Iibrary of evaIuation curves for
comparison.
/&/!!!5@4F>6?E2E;@?!
Type test certificates and performance data shaII be made avaiIabIe to the purchaser if
requested.
/&0!!!@E96C!AC@E64E;G6!56G;46D!
Any anciIIary device that cIamps to the conductor shaII not damage the conductor by its
instaIIation and operation.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! %(!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
< / - = 3 8 7 ! * ! ! ! . 3 6 / 7 < 3 8 7 < ! + 7 . ! 6 + ; 4 3 7 1 !
0&)!!!5;>6?D;@?D!
NOTE: Scc thc cxpIanation in thc PrcIacc rcgarding thc rcIationship oI thc 120 kN dcsignation in
this cdition to thc 125 kN dcsignation in prcvious cditions.
0&)&)!!!8OXO\KV!
The dimensions of insuIator and conductor fittings shaII be in accordance with Figures 8.1
to 8.23 (see TabIe 8.3).
0&)&*!!!3KVV!KXN!]YMUO^!MY_ZVSXQ]!
Where fittings are provided with a baII and socket coupIing, the baII and socket shaII be in
accordance with AS/NZS 2947.3.
0&)&+!!!DYMUO^!NOZ^R!
The spacing dimension, 5`, of socket-ended fittings shaII be checked with a baII in the
socket. The baII of the GO` gauge referred to in AS/NZS 2947.3 shouId be used for this
purpose.
0&)&,!!!=YMUSXQ!NO`SMO]!PY\!]YMUO^%OXNON!PS^^SXQ]!
The dimensions of Iocking devices for socket-ended fittings (spIit-pin and W-cIip) shaII be
in accordance with AS/NZS 2947.3.
0&)&-!!!3YV^]!PY\!]RKMUVO!KXN!MVO`S]!OXN!PS^^SXQ]!
BoIts for shackIe and cIevis end fittings shaII compIy with the foIIowing:
(a) When the nut is run down the thread by hand to the thread end, the distance from the
back of the nut to the underside of the boIthead shaII be such that it does not impose a
bind on the cIevis for which it is designed.
(b) When the nut is backed off against the spIit-pin, the amount of thread present between
the boIt shank and the underside of the nut shaII not exceed haIf of the cIevis ear
bearing width.
(c) The distance from the spIit-pin centreIine to the end of the boIt shaII be a minimum of
6 mm and a maximum of 10 mm.
0&)&.!!!DZVS^%ZSX]!
SpIit-pins shaII be the humpback type in accordance with AS/NZS 2947.3. "-))!(+*.,)!'$%&$#
0&)&/!!!EYVO\KXMO]!
AII dimensions in the accompanying figures are in miIIimetres and incIude gaIvanizing.
With the exception of those shown in parentheses or unIess otherwise indicated, the
dimensions shaII be subject to the foIIowing toIerances:
(a) Dimensions up to and incIuding 30 mm.......................................................... &1.5 mm
(b) Dimensions greater than 30 mm ................................. &5 up to a maximum of &5 mm
(c) HoIes for pins or boIts ................................................................................... &0.5 mm
(d) AngIes ....................................................................................................... &5 degrees
(e) HoIes in cIevis fittings ......................................................................... 90 &0.5 degrees
to Ioad axis and aIigned with each other to &0.5 mm
(f) A speciaI toIerance is required for 70 kN tongues to ensure coupIing with the cIevis
end of insuIators as specified in AS/NZS 2947.3.
! "#! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
000"-.%*&%,&-"+,'"%/! ! !!$.%*&%,&-!#/-.,%)(%!
'"$"'!!!*635;!61!40,9<80405;!
Maximum and minimum dimensions shaII be measured at the position of the die or pattern
parting Iine.
'"$"(!!!)65/<.;68!13;;3529!
Conductor fittings are not standardized dimensionaIIy, but if a fitting incIudes a cIevis, tongue
or eye, this part shouId be in accordance with Figure 8.19, Figure 8.20 or Figure 8.21.
'"$"$#!!!+<-0!93=09!168!.6478099365!13;;3529!
'"$"$#"$!!!#)-)/'+!
TabIes 8.1 and 8.2 show the most commonIy used tube diameters. Variations in both A/F
size and tube diameter are permitted provided the fittings meet aII eIectricaI and mechanicaI
requirements.
'"$"$#"%!!!$'1)/*'+0!
'"$"$#"%"$!!!%1))+0!
SteeIs used in the manufacture of compression fittings can, if too hard, cause damage to the
dies used to compress them. For this reason the hardness of steeIs manufactured to AS
1442, AS 1448 and AS/NZS 3678 shouId not exceed 180HB-10/3000, and those to
manufactured AS 1444 shouId not exceed 200HB-10/3000, when measured in accordance
with AS 1816 (aII parts).
'"$"$#"%"%!!!"+2,*-*2,!
AIuminium tube shouId be of a suitabIe corrosion-resistant grade and be of sufficient
hardness to meet the eIectricaI and mechanicaI requirements of this Standard. Furthermore,
excessive force shouId not be required to ensure that such materiaI is fuIIy compressed
correctIy, nor shouId doing so cause damage to the conductor.
As a guide to materiaI seIection, the foIIowing grades have been used and proven
satisfactory:
(a) For AAC and ACSR, 1350F with a hardness in the range of 1824 HB 10/500.
(b) For AAAC (and most AAAC/1120), 6060T1 with a hardness in the range of 35
45 HBW 10/500.
'"$"$#"%"&!!!&.+)/'-()!
The dimensionaI toIerances for aIuminium tubes shaII be in accordance with AS/NZS 1866
or AS/NZS 1867 as appropriate. SteeI sIeeves shaII conform to the foIIowing toIerances:
(a) Outside diameter ........................................................................................ !0.15 mm
(b) Inside diameter ..................................................................................0.3, !0.0 mm
The manufacturer shaII determine other fitting dimensions so that the fittings wiII compIy
with the test requirements of Sections 3 and 4.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! %*!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
E23=6!!!0&)!
E6?D;@?!2?5!?@?%E6?D;@?!4@>AC6DD;@?!7;EE;?8D!!
7@C!24DC$!224!2?5!2224!
millimetres
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Conductor details Aluminium tube Steel sleeve
ACSR AAC
and
AAAC
Approx.
diameter
O.D. I.D. Die
A/F
O.D. I.D. Die
A/F
Palm terminal
identification
number in
accordance with
AS 62271.301
6/1/2.50 7/2.50 7.5 16.5 9.5 14.0 7.8 3.1 6.8
7/2.75 8.3 16.5 9.5 14.0
6/1/3.00 7/3.00 9.0 16.5 10.5 14.0 7.8 3.4 6.8

4/3/3.00 9.0 21.0 10.5 18.0
6/1/3.75 7/3.75 11.3 21.0 12.5 18.0 11.0 4.2 9.5
4/3/3.75 11.3 26.0 12.8 22.0 3

7/4.50 13.5 26.0 16.0 22.0 3
6/4.75 7/1.6 7/4.75 14.3 26.0 16.0 22.0 11.0 5.2 9.5 3
19/3.25 16.3 33.0 18.0 28.5 3
30/7/2.50 19/3.50 17.5 39.5 19.5 34.5 18.5 8.2 16.0 3

19/3.75 18.8 33.0 20.3 28.5 3
30/7/3.00 37/3.00 21.0 39.5 23.0 34.5 19.7 9.8 17.0 4
37/3.25 22.8 39.5 24.5 34.5

19/4.75 23.8 46.0 26.5 40.0 4
30/7/3.50 24.5 46.0 26.5 40.0 22.0 11.5 19.0 4
37/3.75 26.3 46.0 28.5 40.0 5

54/7/3.00 27.0 46.0 28.5 40.0 19.7 9.8 17.0 5
54/7/3.25 61/3.25 29.3 51.0 31.5 44.5 22.0 10.6 19.0 5
54/7/3.50 61/3.50 31.5 54.0 34.0 47.5 22.0 11.5 19.0 5

54/3.75 19/2.25 61/3.75 33.8 54.0 35.2 47.5 23.0 12.0 20.0 5
NOTE: Die widths should be such as to ensure the minimum number of compressions with total closure over the
full compression length. The minimum width of aluminium dies shall be 50 mm and the minimum width for steel
dies shall be 20 mm.
! %+! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
E23=6!!!0&*!
E6?D;@?!2?5!?@?%E6?D;@?!4@>AC6DD;@?!7;EE;?8D!
7@C!D4'8J!2?5!D4'24!
millimetres
1 2 3 4 5 6
Conductor details Steel sleeve
SC/GZ SC/AC Diameter O.D. I.D.
Die
A/F
3/2.0 4.31 11.0 5.0 9.5
3/2.75 3/2.75 5.93 12.8 6.4 11.0
7/2.0 6.00 12.8 6.6 11.0

3/3.00 6.47 12.8 6.9 11.0
3/3.25 7.00 12.8 7.4 11.0
3/3.75 8.08 19.7 8.5 17.0

7/2.75 7/2.75 8.25 19.7 8.9 17.0
7/3.00 9.00 19.7 9.8 17.0
7/3.25 7/3.25 9.75 19.7 10.3 17.0

19/2.0 10.0 22.0 10.9 19.0
7/3.75 7/3.75 11.3 22.0 12.0 19.0
7/4.25 12.8 22.0 13.7 19.0

19/2.75 19/2.75 13.8 30.0 14.8 26.0
19/3.00 15.0 30.0 16.1 26.0
19/3.25 19/3.25 16.3 30.0 17.4 26.0

19/3.75 18.8 39.0 19.7 34.5
19/4.25 21.3 39.0 22.2 34.5
NOTE: Die widths should be such as to ensure the minimum number of compressions with total closure over
the full compression length. The minimum width of steel dies shall be 20 mm.
0&)&))!!!AKVW!^O\WSXKV]!
The dimensions of boIted paIm and jumper termination connections shaII be in accordance
with AS 62271.301.
NOTE: Thc paIm tcrminaIs that shouId bc uscd with AustraIian Standard mctric conductors arc
givcn in coIumn 10 oI TabIc 8.1.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! &"!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
E23=6!!!0&+!
;?DF=2E@C!2?5!4@?5F4E@C!7;EE;?8D!
Strength rating
Figure no. Description
70 kN 120 kN 160 kN
8.1 Ball hookshort shank X
8.2 Ball hooklong shank X X
8.3 Tongue hook X
8.4 Ball-eye X X X
8.5 Ball clevis X X X
8.6 Ball-ball X X
8.7 Socket clevis X X X
8.8 Socket tongue X X X
8.9 Twisted socket tongue X X X
8.10 Clevis tongue X X
8.11 Twisted clevis tongue X X X
8.12 Socket thimble X
8.13 Shackle X X X
8.14 Ball tongue X X X
8.15 Socket clevisextension link X X
8.16 Ball-eyeextension link X X
8.17 Dimensions and position of live
line yoke flange

8.18 Dimensions of live line flange
8.19 Eye end for anchor and
suspension fittings
X X X
8.20 Tongue end for anchor and
suspension fittings (cast or
forged)
X X X
8.21 Clevis end for anchor and
suspension fittings (cast or
forged)
X X X
8.22 Merchant barClevis and
tongue end
X X X
8.23 Humpback split-pins
NOTES:
1 Each socket-ended fitting is to be supplied with a locking device of the
appropriate size.
2 For 16 mm socket-ends. the preferred combination is a type 16B with a W-clip.
A type 16A with a split-pin may also be used. For socket dimensions and types.
see AS/NZS 2947.3.
0&*!!!>2C<;?8!
0&*&)!!!8OXO\KV!
Marking for fittings shaII be visibIe without dismantIing, shaII not be detrimentaI to the
performance of the fitting, and shaII incIude the manufacturer`s mark and identifier that wiII
estabIish the date of manufacture.
! &#! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
0&*&*!!!;X]_VK^Y\!PS^^SXQ]!
InsuIator fittings, with the exception of boIts or pins for cIevises, cIips and Iocking devices,
shaII be permanentIy marked with the appropriate specified MFL in kiIonewtons.
0&*&+!!!4YXN_M^Y\!PS^^SXQ]!YP!^RO!MYWZ\O]]SYX!^cZO!
AII conductor fittings of the compression type shaII be marked as foIIows:
(a) Tension fittings shaII be marked with the conductor stranding and A/F size.
(b) Non-tension fittings shaII be marked with either the conductor stranding and A/F size
or the conductor diameter range.

FlGURE 8.1 BALL HOOK-SHORT SHANK

FlGURE 8.2 BALL HOOK-LONG SHANK
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! &$!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!

FlGURE 8.3 TONGUE HOOK

FlGURE 8.4 BALL-EYE
! &%! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!

FlGURE 8.5 BALL CLEVlS

FlGURE 8.6 BALL-BALL

FlGURE 8.7 SOCKET CLEVlS
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! &&!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!

FlGURE 8.8 SOCKET TONGUE

FlGURE 8.9 TWlSTED SOCKET TONGUE
! &'! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!

FlGURE 8.10 CLEVlS TONGUE

FlGURE 8.11 TWlSTED CLEVlS TONGUE
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! &(!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!

FlGURE 8.12 SOCKET THlMBLE

NOTE: The 160 IS (insulator shackle) is intended to couple with an insulator eye designation CS 160 in
accordance with AS/NZS 4435.2.
FlGURE 8.13 SHACKLE
! &)! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!

FlGURE 8.14 BALL TONGUE

FlGURE 8.15 SOCKET CLEVlS-EXTENSlON LlNK
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! &*!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!

FlGURE 8.16 BALL-EYE-EXTENSlON LlNK

FlGURE 8.17 DlMENSlONS (lN MlLLlMETRES) AND POSlTlON OF LlVE LlNE YOKE
FLANGE
! &+! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!

FlGURE 8.18 DlMENSlONS OF LlVE LlNE FLANGE

FlGURE 8.19 EYE END FOR ANCHOR AND SUSPENSlON FlTTlNGS

FlGURE 8.20 TONGUE END FOR ANCHOR AND SUSPENSlON FlTTlNGS
(CAST OR FORGED)
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! '"!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!

FlGURE 8.21 CLEVlS END FOR ANCHOR AND SUSPENSlON FlTTlNGS
(CAST OR FORGED)

FlGURE 8.22 MERCHANT BAR-CLEVlS AND TONGUE END
! '#! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!

NOTES:
1 Materialstainless steel in accordance with AS 1444/316 cold rolled and cold formed material.
2 Tolerancesall dimensions to be within tolerance limits as indicated.
3 Humpback split-pins are suitable locking devices for pins or bolts of diameters from 16 mm to 24 mm
having split-pin hole diameters of 4.5 mm to 6 mm. When the split-pin is in the compressed position. the
gap between the end of the straight leg and the lower part of the locking hump should not be less than
shown to facilitate insertion into the smaller diameter holes for the split-pin.
4 Humpback split-pins shall be compressible to the fully closed position. by hand. using a reasonable amount
of force and upon release shall return to within the tolerance limits of the angle of opening shown in
Figure 8.23(a).
FlGURE 8.23 HUMPBACK SPLlT-PlNS

)*!$$'&"$+%##(! '$!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
APPENDIX A
08;1/.!<=//5!08;!58@!=/69/;+=>;/!+9953-+=387<!
(Normative)
2)!!!86?6C2=!
In areas that might be subject to Iow ambient temperatures, overhead power Iine materiaIs
with minimum notch impact properties preferred because of the compIex shapes used, the
operation of fittings at Iow temperature, and the impact Ioading of fittings that might occur
under the foIIowing conditions:
(a) Hammering during instaIIation and Iine erection.
(b) InsuIator or conductor faiIure.
(c) EIectricaI fauIts, e.g. punching`, giving high Ioads, particuIarIy at termination
towers.
(d) Conductor gaIIoping.
(e) Dropping of ice Ioads.
2*!!!492CAI!E6DE!C6BF;C6>6?ED!
Forged steeIs, other than those Iisted in CIause 1.4.6.2, when tested in the specified heat-
treated condition in accordance with AS 1544.2, shaII achieve the Charpy V test vaIues
specified in this Paragraph.
For a standard 10 mm ' 10 mm specimen, the minimum energy (J) at !10%C shaII be as
foIIows:
(a) Average of 3 tests ............................................ 40 J.
(b) IndividuaI test ............................................ 30 J.
For substandard Charpy V specimens, i.e. Iess than 10 mm ' 10 mm, the energy shaII be not
Iess than the vaIues given above muItipIied by the appropriate equivaIent energy factor
given in TabIe A1.
E23=6!!!2)!
6BF;G2=6?E!6?6C8I!724E@CD!7@C!
DF3DE2?52C5!E6DE!DA64;>6?D!
Width of test specimen
(mm)
Equivalent energy factor
10 (standard)
7.5
5.0
2.5
1.0
0.8
0.7
0.35
Suggested grades of steeI that are suitabIe for coId weather appIications incIude
(i) grade X1320 normaIized;
(ii) grade X1340 oiI-quenched and tempered; and
(iii) internationaI grades and heat treatments equivaIent to items (i) and (ii) above.
! '%! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
APPENDIX B
6/=28.<!80!-+5->5+=371!?3,;+=387!.+69/;!/003-3/7-A!
(Normative)
3)!!!G;3C2E;@?!52>A6C!677;4;6?4I!
Efficiency may be caIcuIated by either the power method or the standing wave method.
3*!!!A@H6C!>6E9@5!
For the power method, the power input to the test span shaII be caIcuIated from the
measured reaction force and the veIocity at the excitation point as foIIows:
3 +
+
8
+
cos" . . .B1
where
3 power input to the test span, in watts
+
+
r.m.s. reaction force at excitation point, in newtons
8
+
r.m.s. veIocity at excitation point, in metres per second
" phase angIe by which reaction force Ieads veIocity
The power shaII be recorded at each tunabIe test frequency and the same ampIitude both
with and without the damper attached to the test span.
The damper dissipation shaII be given by the foIIowing equation:
3
*
3
(
! 3
%
. . .B2
where
3
*
power dissipated due to the damper, in watts
3
(
power dissipated by the damper and conductor as a system, in watts
3
%
power dissipated by conductor span and termination etc., without the
damper, in watts
The damper efficiency shaII be caIcuIated as being the power input to the damper (3
*
)
divided by the power dissipation of an ideaI damper as foIIows:
Efficiency 3
*
/3
,)-
. . .B3
where
3
,)-
the power dissipation of an ideaI damper, in watts
' !" ' 8
#
. . .B4
8 zero-to-peak ampIitude veIocity at antinode, in metres per second
6 25 CBL, in newtons
I conductor mass, in kiIograms per metre
3+!!!DE2?5;?8!H2G6!>6E9@5!
For the standing wave method, the antinode and node ampIitudes shaII be determined for
each tuneabIe frequency of the span.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! '&!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
The node ampIitude shaII be measured at the node adjacent to the measured antinode on the
damper side. The node and antinode ampIitudes shaII be measured in such a manner (e.g.
muItipIe readings in their vicinity) that the actuaI node and antinode ampIitudes are
recorded. The efficiency of the damper at each tunabIe test frequency and ampIitude shaII
be caIcuIated as the recorded node ampIitude divided by the recorded antinode ampIitude,
i.e.
Efficiency
!
"
!
. . .B5
where
>
"!
peak-to-peak ampIitude of node, in miIIimetres
<! peak-to-peak ampIitude of antinode, in miIIimetres
The damper power dissipation may be caIcuIated and recorded from the foIIowing equation:
3
(
' !" ' 8
#
'
!
"
!
. . .B6
where
3
(
power dissipated by the damper and conductor system from the point
of measurement, in watts
NOTE: In practicc, in vicw oI thc high tcnsion uscd in thc standing wavc mcthod tcst, thc
conductor scII-damping is ignorcd.
! ''! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!

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)*!$$'&"$+%##(! '(!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
APPENDIX C
6/-2+73-+5!369/.+7-/!=/<=371!
(Normative)
4)!!!86?6C2=!
MechanicaI impedance is a convenient method of measuring the dynamic characteristics of
a vibration damper. The tests described in Section 7 require transIationaI impedance testing
onIy.
4*!!!E6DE!>6E9@5!
Both the force needed to drive the damper cIamp at a constant ampIitude and the phase
angIe between the appIied force and the resuIting cIamp dispIacement shaII be measured
over the specified frequency range.
The impedance shaII be caIcuIated from the foIIowing equations:
4BOFOPFRB!@KILKJBJP!KC!FILBA>J@B!
!
"
!! !!
$
#
!"!
%
!"#
!
, in newton seconds per metre . . .C1
4B>@PFRB!@KILKJBJP!KC!FILBA>J@B!
!
"
!! !!
$
#
!"! !
%
!"#
!
! , in newton seconds per metre . . .C2
where
+ zero-peak ampIitude of force appIied to cIamp, in newtons
! 2#f, in radians per second
; zero-peak ampIitude of dispIacement of cIamp, in metres
" angIe by which appIied force Ieads dispIacement of the damper cIamp, in
radians
4+!!!C6DF=ED!
Curves of impedance versus frequency provide a quaIitative assessment of damper
response. They provide a convenient means of batch testing to ensure an acceptabIe IeveI of
quaIity assurance.
At higher ampIitudes of cIamp osciIIation, the damper response wiII show a downward
frequency shift due to the nonIinear behaviour of the damper.
An ideaI damper wiII have a vaIue of =
'
equaI to the !" of the conductor, and a vaIue of
=
&
equaI to the conjugate of the termination impedance of the conductor. The =
'
vaIue of
practicaI dampers wiII show peaks in response at damper resonances, and troughs between
resonances.

! ')! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
APPENDIX D
-8;87+!+7.!;+.38!37=/;0/;/7-/!?85=+1/!=/<=<!
(Normative)
5)!!!AFCA@D6!
This Appendix outIines test methods to be used in determining the radio interference
voItage (RIV) and corona performance of fittings. It does not address permissibIe RI Iimits,
nor specified corona extinction voItages or corona extinction voItage gradients that are set
by reguIations or utiIity practice. Corona and RIV tests are type tests.
5*!!!56D4C;AE;@?!@7!E6DE!>6E9@5D!
The test is carried out to determine RIV IeveIs and/or the extinction vaIues of corona.
(Corona may be positive or negative, as specified by the purchaser.) If the purchaser
specifies that the RIV IeveI needs to be determined, the test shaII be carried out in
accordance with AS/NZS CISPR 16.1 and CISPR 18-2. The RIV IeveI is cIoseIy correIated
to positive corona (see Figure D1).

FlGURE D1 TYPlCAL RELATlONSHlP BETWEEN
OBSERVED CORONA AND RlV
AIternative test methods are as foIIows:
(a) 8KHP>DB! IBPEKA!!!This specifies a fixed test voItage, 8, at which there shaII be no
corona, and simuIates service conditions by detaiIing the proximity of earth pIanes.
(b) 8KHP>DB!DN>AFBJP!IBPEKA!!!This specifies a fixed voItage gradient at the surface of the
test conductor, at which there shaII be no corona, and simuIates service conditions by
using suitabIe earth pIanes. The test voItage required to produce this gradient depends
on the proximity of the earth pIanes and shaII not deviate from the maximum
operating phase to earth voItage by more than &30 .
In addition to the corona observation, the RIV performance of the fittings can be
determined using either test set-up.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! '*!
!!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7! ! LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J!
5+!!!86?6C2=!
The assembIy with the fittings under test shaII represent as cIoseIy as possibIe the service
conditions.
The test shaII be carried out with a reIative humidity of between 20 and 80.
The geometricaI configuration as weII as the maximum operating voItage of the overhead
Iine for which the test fitting is intended shaII be known. In this test, a singIe phase is
used to produce specified voItage or voItage gradients reIated to those that occur on the
conductors of the three-phase transmission Iine.
The fitting shaII be attached to a Iength of conductor or subconductor of the size and type
with which the fitting is to be used. Smooth metaI rods or tubes with the same overaII
diameter as the conductor may be used to simuIate the conductors.
The test conductor shaII be positioned paraIIeI to a conducting reference earth pIane and
terminated with corona-free spheres or rings.
The earth pIane may be represented by a suitabIe ceiIing, waII or fIoor, or by a structure
buiIt specificaIIy for the purpose.
The conductor and suggested pIane structure shaII be so positioned that the conductor is
approximateIy centred with respect to the pIane. Earthed objects not forming part of the test
arrangement shaII not be cIoser to any point on the test conductor than 1.4 times the
distance between conductor and reference earth.
The test assembIy may be supported or positioned by suitabIe non-conducting, noise-free
rods, ropes or chains. The connection to the test suppIy shaII be made from one end of the
conductor. The test suppIy and connection shaII be positioned so as not to affect the
gradient at the test object.
The foIIowing shaII appIy:
(a) 5QOLBJOFKJ! >OOBI?HU!!!The test conductor, or bundIe, shaII be mounted horizontaIIy.
At the midpoint, support shaII be provided by the suspension cIamp test specimen in
combination with the suspension insuIator set.
(b) 6BJOFKJ! >OOBI?HU!!!The test assembIy shaII be assembIed as in service and shaII
incIude the dead-end tension joint or cIamp, compIete with jumper terminaIs and
conductor. The test assembIy shaII be mounted with the insuIators verticaI or
horizontaI as agreed between the the purchaser and the suppIier.
(c) 2PEBN! CFPPFJDO!!!The fittings such as spacers, vibration dampers, mid-span joints, etc.
shaII be set up as in service. The conductor, or bundIe, shaII be supported, or
tensioned horizontaIIy, by any of the means described above.
NOTE: InsuIator typc and condition can aIIcct thc corona and RIV pcrIormancc oI thc hardwarc
asscmbIy. EspcciaIIy whcn cap and pin insuIator arc uscd, rcIativc humidity bcIow 40 can Icad
to a scrious incrcasc in RIV. AItcrnativcIy, thc corona pcrIormancc oI thc hardwarc asscmbIy may
aIIcct thc insuIator string attachcd to it. It is important that diIIcrcnt asscmbIics bc tcstcd with thc
samc typc and manuIacturc oI insuIator. Thcsc insuIators shouId, iI possibIc, bc thc samc as thosc
intcndcd Ior scrvicc. AIso, iI possibIc, thc insuIators uscd Ior tcsting shouId bc agrccd bctwccn
thc suppIicr and thc purchascr.
5,!!!E6DE!4;C4F;E!2?5!;?DECF>6?ED!
Test conditions shaII be monitored and correction factors appIied in accordance with
AS 1931.1.
RIV procedures shaII be carried out in accordance with AS/NZS CISPR 16.1 (aII parts).
! '+! )*!$$'&"$+%##(!
LLL#HI7D;7G;H#EG>#7J! ! !!5I7D;7G;H!-JHIG7B@7!
The corona test shaII be performed in a fuIIy darkened room. Observers usuaIIy require a
minimum of 15 min to be conditioned to the dark. The use of fieId gIasses or an image
intensifier is recommended.
NOTE: Rccommcndcd vicwing cquipmcnt is IicId gIasscs 7 50 (min.), imagc intcnsiIicrs with
Iight ampIiIication grcatcr than 40 000.
The foIIowing shaII appIy:
A photographic record of the corona, if required, shaII be made with fiIm and equipment
suitabIe for Iong exposure times.
NOTE: Scnsitivity oI thc IiIm !1 000 ASA and timc oI cxposurc !60 s arc rccommcndcd.
SuppIementary information can be obtained with uItrasonic directionaI receivers or other
appropriate means.
5-!!!4@C@?2!2?5!C;G!E6DE!AC@465FC6D!
The test fitting shaII be mounted in the test assembIy. VoItage shaII be appIied and
increased to 120 of the specified minimum corona extinction. The voItage shaII be heId
for a minimum of 5 min. The voItage shaII then be reduced to 30 of the specified
minimum corona extinction and again increased to 120. LastIy, it shaII be graduaIIy
decreased to 30.
During the Iast decreasing run, RIVs and/or corona extinction shaII be recorded. Separate
tests for corona extinction and RIV measurements may be performed.
NOTE: In cascs whcrc a corona gIow cIIcct occurs bcIow thc rcquircd corona cxtinction, it is
pcrmissibIc to cIcan thc Iitting surIacc with a cIcan, dry cIoth.
5.!!!2446AE2?46!4C;E6C;2!
Acceptance criteria shaII be as foIIows:
(a) The corona extinction of the fitting obtained during the test shaII exceed the specified
minimum corona extinction. The seIection of uncorrected or corrected vaIues shaII be
by agreement between the purchaser and the suppIier.
NOTE: Corrcctcd vaIucs shouId bc dctcrmincd in accordancc with AS 1931.1.
(b) The RIV of the fitting recorded at the specified test voItage or conductor voItage
gradient shaII not exceed the specified maximum RIV.
(c) The curve indicating the RIV against the test voItage shaII not present any sudden
change between the specified test voItage or conductor voItage gradient and 110 of
the specified test voItage or conductor voItage gradient.
5/!!!E6DE!C6A@CE!
The test report shaII contain the foIIowing detaiIs:
(a) Name of manufacturer and type designation.
(b) Maximum voItage for equipment, 7
,
.
(c) DetaiIs of test arrangements, incIuding dimensions.
(d) Atmospheric conditions prevaiIing during the test, temperature, barometric pressure
and air humidity, and the caIcuIated correction factors.
(e) Type of method used to determine the corona extinction vaIues.
(f) Corona extinction vaIues corrected and uncorrected with detaiIs of the discharge
point.
(g) RIV voItage vaIue.
Subject to agreement between the manufacturer and purchaser, the photographs taken at the
extinction voItage IeveI may aIso be incIuded in the report.
)*!$$'&"$+%##(! ("!
!
#$&"%!