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MX3IPD1A MX3IPD1B

Integrated Protection and Control for Distribution


Phase overcurrent; Directional / non directional earth fault; Auto-reclosed

TECHNICAL MANUAL

MDE/C133 2651 001

ABCD

blank page

MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

CONTENTS
1. TECHNICAL DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.1 Selecting rated values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3. OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.1 Three-pole overcurrent protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.2 Start detection function (I>>>*2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.3 Directional ground fault overcurrent protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.4 Inverse-time stepping interrupt function I> (Io>) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.5 Accelerated phase and ground selectivity function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.6 Ground fault overvoltage protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.7 Breaker failure protection (BF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.8 Main and spare settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4. AUTORECLOSE DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 First autoreclose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Second autoreclose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Third autoreclose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4 Fourth autoreclose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 Fifth autoreclose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 CH Manual Closing Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.7 AP International Opening Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8 Shared behaviour during lockout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.9 Remarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.10 Time delay counting modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.11 Switching from main to spare settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 Diagnostic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2 Output circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3 LED signalling circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4 Digital inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5 Additional timers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.6 Counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.7 Event logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.8 Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.9 Breaker pole wear index (I2t) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.10 Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.11 Alphanumeric code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.12 Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.13 LCD setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.14 Inhibiting - resetting the device via network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.15 Serial communication on LONWORKS (TM) bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.16 RS485 serial communication and MODBUS protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.17 Oscilloperturbography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.18 Continuous tripping circuits control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 15 16 16

6. LOCAL INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

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MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

7. LCD MENU STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1 MAIN READING MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.1 Change dialogue language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.2 Change date and time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.3 Display settings in use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.4 Display main settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.5 Viewing the autoreclose setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.6 Display spare settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.7 Display current and stored measurement values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.8 Display counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.9 Display events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.10 Display output relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.11 Display digital inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.12 Display LED's . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.13 Display relay information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1.14 Diagnostic display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2 MAIN SETTINGS CHANGE MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2.1 Select current settings group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2.2 Change main settings group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2.3 Changing autoreclose settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2.4 Change spare settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2.5 Set output relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2.6 Set digital inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2.7 LED Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2.8 Set alphanumeric code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2.9 LCD back-lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3 TEST MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

18 18 18 18 19 19 19 20 20 21 21 21 22 22 22 23 23 24 24 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 27

8. APPLICATION AND USE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 9. INSTALLATION - TRANSPORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.1 ESD Electrostatic charges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.2 Acceptance - storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.3 Assembling and connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. SETTING THE UNIT AT WORK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.1 Safety regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.2 Checking ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.3 Final inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28

APPENDIX A - Network data exchange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

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MX3IPD1A / B
1. TECHNICAL DATA This device belongs to the Modulex 3 line, and processes the three phase currents, the ground current and residual voltage to provide a phase overcurrent protection and directional earth fault, a residual overvoltage protection as well una five autoreclose. The relay can comunicate with the user: - locally by the relay front-located-display; - with a remote control and monitoring system by a LONWORKS (TM) bus. Furthermore, it may also dialogue with a Personal Computer through the special connector located on the relay front and an interface programme, which makes it easier and safe to programme the setting and configuration parameters and to read the set values, measurements and records. The programming may also be performed by previously set files. protective functions and auto-reclose: maximum three-pole current with three thresholds. first threshold with selection of definite or inverse time delay tripping characteristic. second and third threshold with definite time delay characteristic. maximum directional / adirectional ground fault current first threshold with selection of definite of inverse time delay tripping characteristic. second and third threshold with definite time delay tripping characteristic. maximum residual overvoltage auto-reclose is possible to set until five auto-reclosing. The settings can be forced to switch from main to spare during auto reclose running. accelerated selectivity, that is the possibility of sending and receiving information from other protections, so that only those that are nearer to the fault are enabled to trip instantaneously. For phase and earth thresholds, the function may be managed separately breaker failure protection possibility of two groups of settings: main and reserve possibility of first threshold tripping interrupt because of second or third threshold starting both for phase and earth fault protection; which eliminates any possible interference between inverse time curves and definite time second and third threshold measurement functions: current values, expressed in In and Ion multiples primary current values, expressed in Amperes voltagevalues, expressed in Un and Uon multiples maximum recorded values, expressed in In, Un, Ion and Uon measure of the angle, expressed in degrees, between current and voltage fault components (Io^Uo) circuit breaker poles wearing index logging of the last 8 events with storage of tripped threshold values, date, time , value of fault currents, voltages and angle Io^Uo

MDE/C133 2651 001


fault recorder: recording, for a total time of 2.5 sec, of the instantaneous value (12 samples per period) of: - the currents and voltages (IA,IB,IC,Io,Uo) - the 19 logical status (including digital imputs and additional timers) RCE logging recorder of the last 32 state changements (with relative date and time); they are available only via PC or network. other functions: selection of 1A or 5A rated current through internal jumpers selection rated frequency from 50 to 60 Hz. selection of rated voltage from 40 to 130V selection of dialogue language (Italian, English, French and Spanish) self-monitoring with indication of fault type and alarm through LEDs and normally energized output relay (X6). possibility of serial communication to both a local PC and a bus LONWORKS (TM) availability of three auxiliary timers freely assignable to digital inputs possibility of assigning one or more functions of the device to each output relay and each LED possibility of pre-setting output relays as all normally energized or all normally de-energized possibility of selecting the monostable or bistable (stored) operating mode for each output relay and each LED. possibility of assigning a minimum pulse width to each output relay optoisolated digital inputs programmable for lock, drive and reset functions; each one can be normally energized or normally de-energized. They can be used to supervision the trip circuit partial and total counters for each tripping threshold

THREE-POLE OVERCURRENT PROTECTION settable phase rated current In: 1A or 5A measure range: 0 50 In thermal withstand continous: 4 In thermal withstand short time (1s): 100 In burden at 5 A: 0.15 VA per phase Settings first threshold starting signalling delay independent or inverse delay trip independent time delay inverse time as per IEC 255-3: multiplier second threshold starting signalling delay delay trip third threshold starting signalling delay delay trip I>>> threshold doubling time settings step:

I>: tstart: type: t1: tipo: K: I>>: tstart: t2: I>>>: tstart: t3: t(*2):

0.15 In / OFF 0.00 9.99 s INDIPEN. 0.02 600 s CURVE A - B - C 0.01 30.00 0.1 40 In / OFF 0.00 9.99 s 0.02 99.99 s 0.1 40 In / OFF 0.00 9.99 s 0.02 99.99 s 0.02 99.99 s / OFF 0.01

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MX3IPD1A / B
DIRECTIONAL EARTH FAULT OVERCURRENT PROTECTION rated zero sequence current Ion: 1A or 5A measure range : 0 0.8 Ion thermal withstand continous: 10 A thermal withstand short time (1s): 100 A burden at 1 A: 1 VA burden at 5 A: 3 VA rated zero sequence voltage Uon: 40 200 V by steps of: 1 V thermal withstand continous: 200 V thermal withstand short time (1s): 250 V burden at 100V: 0.6 VA Settings first current threshold MX3IPD1A version MX3IPD1B version starting signalling delay threshold characteristic voltage threshold characteristic angle independent or inverse delay trip independent time delay inverse time as per IEC 255-3 multiplier second current threshold MX3IPD1A version MX3IPD1B version starting signalling delay threshold characteristic voltage threshold characteristic angle delay trip third current threshold MX3IPD1A version MX3IPD1B version starting signalling delay threshold characteristic voltage threshold characteristic angle delay trip threshold settings step: delay settings step: with directional unit minimum operating time

MDE/C133 2651 001


ADDITIONAL SETTINGS phase CT's primary rated current: zero sequence CT's primary rated current: by steps of: phase VT's primary rated voltage: by steps of: rated frequency fn: minimum pulse width time of end relays timp: breaker arcing time t52: additional delay tX1: additional delay tX2: additional delay tX3: breaker failure delay tBF: Auxiliary power supply MX3IPD1A / B.11, .61 and .71 versions Uaux: Uaux: MX3IPD1A / B.12, .62 and .72 versions Uaux: Uaux: frequency for Uaux in a.c.: burden (min/max) in d.c.: burden (min/max) in a.c.: 64 300 Vcc 64 275 Vca 47 63 Hz 5 W / 10 W 10VA / 20VA 19 100 Vcc 19 72 Vca

10 10000 A 10 10000 A 1 A 100 1000000 V 1 V 50 o 60 Hz 0.02 1 s 0.01 0.1 s 0.02 600 s 0.02 600 s 0.02 600 s 0.02 1 s / OFF

Io> : 0.002 0.4 Ion / OFF Io> : 0.02 2 Ion / OFF tstart: 0.00 9.99 s Io>:directional/ adirectional Uo>: 0.01 0.5 Uon Io^Uo: 0 359 type: to1: tipo: K: INDIPEN. 0.02 600 s CURVE A - B - C 0.01 30

Io>> : 0.002 0.8 Ion / OFF Io>> : 0.02 10 Ion / OFF tstart: 0.00 9.99 s Io>>:directional/ adirectional Uo>>: 0.01 0.5 Uon Io^Uo: 0 359 to2: 0.02 99.99 s

Output contact rating rated current: 5 A 0.3 A breaking power (110 Vcc; L/R= 40 ms; 105 operations): make and carry for 0.5 s: 30 A mechanical life: 106 operations Digital inputs MX3IPD1A / B.11, .61 and .71 versions Uaux IN DIG: input resistance: MX3IPD1A / B.12, .62 and .72 versions Uaux IN DIG: input resistance: Errors of measuring equipment Three-pole overcurrent threshold relative error: consistency: 3% of set value + 0.5 % In 1 % of set value + 0.5 % In

19 100 Vcc 9 kohm 64 264 Vcc 48 kohm

Io>>> : 0.002 0.8 Ion / OFF Io>>> : 0.02 10 Ion / OFF tstart: 0.00 9.99 s Io>>>:directional/ adirectional Uo>>>: 0.01 0.5 Uon Io^Uo: 0 359 to3: 0.02 99.99 s 0.001 0.01 to1,to2,to3: 0.05 s

Directional earth fault overcurrent threshold relative error: 3 % of set value + 0.02% Ion consistency: 1 % of set value + 0.02% Ion Residual overvoltage threshold relative error: consistency: Error variation as frequency varies within the 5% fn range with 5% distortion factor Three-pole overcurrent threshold relative error: 1 % of set value + 0.25% In 2.5% sul punto + 0.02 V 1% sul punto + 0.02 V

AUTO RECLOSING reclose ON/ OFF max. reclosure shots (selectable for each trigger) 5 reclaim time tR1,tR2,tR3,tR4,tR5: 0.02 600.00 s reset time tN1,tN2,tN3,tN4,tN5: 0.02 600.00 s automatic change of the protection setting during the reclosing cycle close pulse 0.15 s circuit breaker max. operation time TI 0.5 s delay settings step: 0.01

RESIDUAL OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION zero sequence voltage threshold Uo>>>>: 0.01 0.5 Uon / OFF starting signalling delay tstart: 0.00 9.99 s delay trip tUo: 0.02 600.00 s threshold settings step: delay settings step: 0.001 0.01

Directional earth fault overcurrent threshold relative error: 1 % of set value + 0.01% Ion Residual overvoltage threshold relative error: 1% sul punto + 0.02 V

as temperature and Uaux vary within the operating range Three-pole overcurrent threshold relative error: 0.5 % of set value + 0.1% In

Directional earth fault overcurrent threshold relative error: 0.5% of set value + 0.01% Ion

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MX3IPD1A / B
Residual overvoltage threshold relative error: for asymmetric values transient overreach: Time errors accuracy class (IEC 255-3): relative error on definite time delays: consistency on definite time delays: Variation of time errors as frequency varies within the 5% fn range and with 5% distortion factor accuracy class (IEC 255-3): 2% or 20 ms

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2. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
0.5% sul punto + 0.02 V 5%

5% or 20 ms 3% or 20 ms 1% or 20 ms

as temperature and Uaux vary within the operating range accuracy class (IEC 255-3): 1% or 10 ms relative error on definite time delays: 0.5% or 10 ms Other characteristics resetting ratio: resetting time: overshoot time:

> 0.95 50 ms 30 ms

Operating ranges service temperature: -10 C +60 C storage and transp'ort temperature: -25 C +80 C relative humidity: < 95% with no formation of condensate vibration: IEC255-21-1; class 2; 0.075mm 10-60Hz; 1g 60-500Hz Weight total: Degree of protection device: on request, front protection when flush-mounted in a panel: terminals with mounted cover:

2.5 Kg

IP52 IP66 IP20

The device features a mechanical casing that is 4U in height, and as wide as to allow up to 4 pieces to be accommodated in a 19" rack, in addition to normal flush-mounting. The casing is made of a hot-galvanized PVC-coated plate frame inside which the moving part that carries all the electronic circuits and the local interface slides on guides. The pullout action is facilitated by the presence of special "handles" which, when the device is "plugged in", are also used to lock the two parts. The aluminium frame of the moving part renders the latter excellently rigid. The device/system interface terminal blocks are located on top of the casing and, for each electrical connection, a screw clamp is available apt to receive up to 2 cable terminals, 4mm2 in size. Using a special accessory that is included in the supply, the connection can also be made using Faston units. Special error-sensing codes avoid inserting relays other than those compatible with the housing. A cover lid classes the terminal block within the IP20 protection class. When the moving part is pulled out, the current inputs are automatically short-circuited, whereas the voltage and auxiliary circuits are disconnected. The device front bears two labels: one plate lists the factory configuration of the device, namely auxiliary voltage, rated current and frequency; The other plate, always in accordance with the factory configuration, provides an explanation of LED signals. Both these labels can be easily replaced with new ones, which can bear that information as the client will require. As far as the factory configuration relevant to output relays, LED's, digital inputs and relevant settings are concerned, please refer to tables A, B and C.

Insulation To ground and between two independent circuits whatsoever: 2 kV, 50 Hz per minute Impulse test: 5 kV 1.2/50 s Electromagnetic compatibility 89/336/CEE directive: EN50081-2 EN50082-2 For industrial environment UNIPEDE NORM(SPEC)13 "Automation and control apparatus for generating station and substation" ENEL R_EMC_02 "Apparati di automazione e controllo per centrali e stazioni elettriche". electromagnetic compatibility conditions: IEC 1000-4-8 EN 61000-4-8 lev.5; 1000 A/m IEC 1000-4-10 EN 61000-4-10 lev.5; 100 A/m IEC 1000-4-3 ENV 50140 lev.3; 10 V/m 77B(Sec)1 ENV 50204 lev.3; 10 V/m IEC 1000-4-2 EN 61000-4-2 lev.4; 8kV contact;15kV in air 77A/120/CD lev.4 / 3;300V/ 10-1-1-10 V IEC 1000-4-5 EN 61000-4-5 lev.4; 4kV 1.2/50 s IEC 1000-4-12 EN 61000-4-12 lev.3; 2.5 kV IEC 1000-4-4 EN 61000-4-4 lev.4; 4 kV 77B/144/DIS ENV 50141 lev.3; 10 V 77A(Sec)99 lev.2; 10% IEC 1000-4-11 EN 61000-4-11 > 20 ms IEC/CISPR 11 EN 55011 group 1 class A Reference standards EN 60255-6 IEC 255 73/23/CEE Low Voltage Directive

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MX3IPD1A / B
2.1 Selecting rated values The selection of the rated current between 1 or 5 Ampres for phase protection is made by acting on jumpers S3, S7, S8, S9, which can be reached once the relay has been pulled out (see fig. 1, 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d). The jumpers S3,S7,S8 and S9 must all be set to the same rated current value. Similarly, by acting on jumpers S4 and S10, the rated current (1 or 5 Ampres) is set for the ground fault protection. Jumpers S4 and S10 must also be set to the same rated current, too. 3. OPERATION

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3.1 Three-pole overcurrent protection The overcurrent protection works by comparing each phase current with the relevant set thresholds (I>, I>>, I>>>): if one or more phase currents exceed the associated threshold value, both the timers tstart and the tripping timers t1, t2, t3 are enabled to operate. If the "threshold exceeded" condition persists, once the associated tstart time is over, the delayed start signal is sent. If the tripping timers also reach the set time-over value, the device sends the tripping signal and, possibly, the indication of the corresponding faulty phases; the total and partial counters concerning the operated threshold are incremented and the event logging is enabled . If a suitable digital input is enabled which was given the function of locking one or more thresholds, the starting registers are held to zero to inhibit any possible operation as long as the input is fed with power. The characteristics of the I> threshold can be as follows: - definite time, expressed as : type INDIPEN t = t1 - inverse time, in compliance with the IEC 255 standard, expressed as: 0.14 x K curve type A t = + 0.02 ( I / I> )0.02 - 1 13.5 x K t = + 0.02 ( I / I> )1 - 1 80 x K t = + 0.02 ( I / I> )2 - 1

TOP SIDE

RELAY FRONT

fig. 1

curve type B

I CAUTION
Hazardous voltages can remain in the device even when the latter has been de-energized or pulled out of its casing (condensers' memory).

curve type C

where: K allows for selecting the curve within the family I/I> it's the ratio between the greatest current measured and the set threshold (with a maximum value equalling I/I>=25) the inverse time characteristics, which are represented in the figures 3a, 3b, 3c, prove to be applicable within the 0 50 In measurement range. The characteristic of timers tstart, t2, t3 is of dependent time. 3.2 Start detection function (I>>>*2) This function, which applies to the phase protection only, starts when the fixed threshold is exceeded by 5% In, and is aimed at doubling the tripping value I>>> , up to a maximum value of 40In, for a t (*2) time to be set. Once the t (*2) time is over, the I>>> threshold is automatically set back to the starting value. 3.3 Directional ground fault overcurrent protection The Directional ground fault overcurrent protection works by comparing the measured ground fault current and voltage with the set thresholds (Io> Uo>, Io>> Uo>>, Io>>>, Uo>>>. Once the requirements listed below are met:

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MX3IPD1A / B
- Io and Uo thresholds exceeded (in module) - Io current vector in the tripping area - Io [mA] + Uo [V] >20 the protection starts both the tstart and the to1, to2, to3 tripping timers; if these conditions persist until the associated tstart time is over, the delayed start command is sent. If the tripping timers also reach the set overtime condition, the tripping command is sent; furthermore, the partial and total counters relevant to the operating threshold increase and the event logging activity is enabled. The protection's tripping area turns out to be defined by + 90 as to the characteristic angle Io^Uo, which can be separately set for each tripping threshold. The angle is to be considered positive with counterclockwise direction as to the voltage vector Uo taken as a reference point (lead current). In the figure below, the tripping area is indicated by the hatched area. To define such area, the ground fault voltage applied to terminals 11-12 with reference polarity to terminal 11, and the ground fault current getting into terminal 5 of the unit are to be considered (also refer to fig. 5).

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If a special opto-insulated input previously set to lock out one or more thresholds is fed, the start registers are held at zero so that all tripping is inhibited until the input is not fed anymore. The Io> threshold can have an independent or inverse time characteristic in compliance with the IEC 255 standard, similarly to the three-pole overcurrent. The inverse time characteristics, as shown in figure 3a, 3b and 3c, prove to be also applicable to the ground fault protection if falling within the the 0 to 0.8 Ion measuring range. The tstart, t2 and t3 timers have an independent time characteristic. The directional character can be disabled for each ground threshold. 3.4 Inverse-time stepping interrupt function I> (Io>) Both the phase and ground overcurrent protection envisage the tripping interruption of the first threshold end relay (if inverse time) upon starting the second or third threshold; this is aimed at preventing the inverse time curves from interfering with the definite time threshold delays. With reference to the example in the figure below, the protection tripping characteristic, not supported by the interrupt function, would be represented by the curve A-B-C-D-F, which differs from the theoretical A-B-C-D-E curve. This implies an unrecoverable loss of selectivity with downstream protections.

t [s]
1000

100

The protection MX3IPD1A for its high sensitivity also features a non-sensitive area to avoid instability due to small dissymmetries and unbalances that can generally be present in the systems. This condition is represented by the characteristic reproduced below, where the hatched area is the tripping zone.

10

B 1 D C E

0.1

0.01 0.1 1 10

In
100

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MX3IPD1A / B
3.5 Accelerated phase and ground selectivity function. This function allows both the phase and ground fault to be selectively eliminated, independent of their location in the system, within the t3 time, thus giving up the traditional chronometrical selectivity. The function is implemented by setting up a digital input that locks the I>>> threshold, this lock being controlled by the relays that start the I>> threshold of the downstream protections. When a fault shows up, all the protections affected by the shortcircuit current instantly commute their own starting end relays by resetting the I>>> threshold timer of the protection(s) located immediately above: only the relay located next to the fault , without receiving any lock-out signal, operates within the t3 time. If the second I>> threshold is set as I>>>, but with a t2 tripping time duly delayed as to t3, a chronometrical selectivity that backs up the one-time selectivity can be reached, which provides the system with a further protection step. As far as the ground fault overcurrent protection is concerned, the logic works in a similar way. 3.6 Ground fault overvoltage protection The equipment is furnished with a ground fault overvoltage threshold with associated tstart and tripping timers. The ground fault overvoltage threshold can be prevented from tripping by feeding a special digital input, to be purposely set to accomplish this function. 3.7 Breaker failure protection (BF) The t_BF timer is started as soon as any tripping signal whatsoever is sent, except for Uo>>>> threshold; the process is reset when the starting thresholds drop out. If the timer reaches the over-time condition, a signal of breaker opening failure is sent and the relevant total and partial counters are incremented accordingly. 3.8 Main and spare settings The device can store tow groups of settings, named "main" and 'spare' settings, which can be programmed through the keyboard, a Personal Computer or a network. The current settings are indicated on the display unit with the text 'SETTINGS IN USE'. The device, notwithstanding the selections made, can be forced to use the SPARE SETTINGS.Such forcing can be enabled from the network or through the continuous activation of the digital input (IN DIG 1) specially set to suit this purpose. This condition is signalled by the presence of the characters <!> next to the selected settings;when the signal drops, the previously selected group of settings is enabled again, whereas the characters <!> disappear (see paragraph 7.1.3). The overcoming of the tripping thresholds inhibits any modification and exchange of settings. La forzatura al passaggio dalle regolazioni PRINCIPALI a RISERVA (e non viceversa) pu avvenire se l'impostazione lo prevede, anche durante il cilclo di richiusura tR..+tN.. 4. AUTORECLOSE DESCRIPTION

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The autoreclose function can be inhibited by loading the setting AUTORECLOSE OFF, or by enabling a digital input specially preset to fit the purpose. The starting of the autoreclose requires the following conditions to be met: - the sole presence of a protection trip, if no digital input is associated with the breakers position (X52): [X52 ] [IN DIG .....] - the presence of a protection trip and the enabled input (breaker off ) if a digital input is associated with the breakers position (X52), e.g.: [X52 ] [IN DIG .2...] The following types of protection trips have been taken into consideration: I>, I>>, I>>>, Io>, Io>>, Io>>>. 4.1 First autoreclose A protection tripping when the autoreclose is quiescent produces the following actions: if the relevant setting allows that type of trip to actuate the first autoreclose: [I> TRIP ] [AUTOREC. R1xxxx] the (quick) autoreclose waiting timer tR1 is started. If that type of trip is not set to actuate the first autoreclose, e.g.: [I> TRIP ] [AUTOREC. R.xxxx] the system locks out. Many trips showing up where at least one is not meant to actuate the autoreclose would result into a system lockout. When tR1 is over, the autoreclose signal is sent, two quick autoreclose counters (resettable/non-resettable) increase their counts, the tN1 reclaim timer is actuated. The quiescent state is only restored provided that no new trips show up during the tN1 delay. 4.2 Second autoreclose A new trip showing up during the tN1 reclaim delay causes the following actions: if the relevant setting allows that type of trip to actuate the second autoreclose, e.g.: [I> TRIP ] [AUTOREC. Rx2xxx] the (slow) autoreclose waiting time tR2 is started (see Autoreclose time counting modes), whereas if that type of trip is not meant to actuate the second autoreclose, e.g: [I> TRIP ] [AUTOREC. Rx.xxx] the system locks out. Many trips showing up where at least one is not meant to actuate the autoreclose in hand would result into a system lockout. When tR2 is over, the autoreclose signal is sent, two R2 autoreclose counters (resettable/non-resettable) increase their counts, the tN2 reclaim timer is actuated. The quiescent state is restored provided that no new trips show up during the tN2 delay.

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MX3IPD1A / B
4.3 Third autoreclose A new trip showing up during the tN2 reclaim delay causes the following actions: if that type of trip is intended to actuate the third autoreclose by setting, e.g: [I> TRIP ] [AUTOREC. Rxx3xx] the (slow) autoreclose waiting timer tR3 is started (see Autoreclose time counting modes), if that type of trip is not meant to actuate the third autoreclose, e.g.: [I> TRIP ] [AUTOREC. Rxx.xx] the system locks out. Many trips showing up where at least one is not meant to actuate the autoreclose in hand would result into a system lockout. When the tR3 delay is over, the autoreclose signal is sent, two R3 autoreclose counters (resettable/non-resettable) increase their counts, the tN3 reclaim timer is actuated. The quiescent state is restored provided that no new trips show up during the tN3 delay. 4.4 Fourth autoreclose A new trip showing up during the tN3 reclaim delay entails the following actions: if that type of trip is intended to actuate the fourth autoreclose by setting, e.g: [I> TRIP ] [AUTOREC. Rxxx4x] the (slow) autoreclose waiting timer tR4 is started (see Autoreclose time counting modes), if that type of trip is not meant to actuate the fourth autoreclose, e.g.: [I> TRIP ] [AUTOREC. Rxxx.x] the system locks out. Many trips showing up where at least one is not meant to actuate the autoreclose in hand would result in a system lockout. When the tR4 delay is over, the autoreclose signal is sent, two R4 autoreclose counters (resettable/non-resettable) increase their counts, the tN4 reclaim timer is actuated. The quiescent state is only restored provided that no new trips show up during the tN4 delay. 4.5 Fifth autoreclose A new trip showing up during the t_N4 reclaim delay causes the following actions: if that type of trip is intended to actuate the fifth autoreclose by setting, e.g: [I> TRIP ] [AUTOREC. Rxxxx5] the (slow) autoreclose waiting timer tR5 is started (see Autoreclose time counting modes), if that type of trip is not meant to actuate the fifth autoreclose, e.g.: [I> TRIP ] [AUTOREC. Rxxxx.] the system locks out. Many trips showing up where at least one is not meant to actuate the autoreclose in hand would result in a system lockout. When the tR5 delay is over, the autoreclose signal is sent, two R5 autoreclose counters (resettable/non-resettable) increase their counts, the tN5 reclaim timer is actuated..

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The quiescent state is only reached provided that no new trip shows up during the tN5 delay. Any trip showing up during the tN5 reclaim time results into a system lockout; the lockout state causes tN5 to be reset; the lockout state is thus stored and shall only be reset by an autoreclose signal from the CH input. 4.6 CH Manual Closing Command The breaker can be closed by an external manual command. This CH command is acknowledged by the associated digital input. On receiving the CH command (digital input enabled): all lockout states (if any) are reset, the tN6 reclaim timer is actuated, any other autoreclose timer possibly operating is reset. Any trip showing up during the tN6 reclaim time results into a system lockout; the lockout state causes tN6 to be reset;. 4.7 AP International Opening Command The breaker can be opened by an external manual command, or by an autoreclose interrupt command to be sent from the outside. This AP command is acknowledged by the associated digital input. On receiving the AP command (digital input enabled): the system shifts to the lockout state, any autoreclose timer possibly operating is reset, any autoreclose command possibly entered is interrupted. 4.8 Shared behaviour during lockout The reaching of a lockout state whatsoever causes all autoreclose timers to be reset except for IMP_X79. Hence, new autoreclose commands are not allowed for transmission, but commands already in progress are not interrupted. The lockout state is stored and can only be reset by a closing command to be sent from the CH input. 4.9 Remarks The possibility of conditioning operation as a function of the actual breakers position is provided. The conditional function is enabled when a digital input is associated with the breakers position (X52), e.g.: [X52 ] [IN DIG x2xxx] If no digital input is associated with X52, then: One sole trip is required to start the trip detection that actuates the autoreclose. The CH closing alone only produces the effects already described in Autoreclose following a CH manual closing command. If an input exists in association with X52, then: the detection of a trip that actuates the autoreclose demands that a protection trip is present and that the input associated with X52 is enabled (breaker closed). The detection of a trip where no enabled input is found causes the system to remain quiescent. The CH closing command produces the effects detailed in Autoreclose following a CH manual closing command if, on receipt, the input associated with X52 is not enabled (breaker open).

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MX3IPD1A / B
The following types of protection trips have been taken into consideration: I>, I>>, I>>>, Io>, Io>>, Io>>>. The turning-on of the device (even soon after the occurrence of a lockout) or the switching from autoreclose-off to autorecloseon enforces the quiescent state. The switching from autoreclose-off to autoreclose-on enforces the quiescent state, but any autoreclose command already running is carried to the end. Any fault lasting longer than 1s leads to the autoreclose failure state. 4.10 Time delay counting modes The actual counting of the autoreclose time (tR1, tR2, tR3, tR4, tR5), preset as explained above, relies on the set counting mode. The following setting: [START tR ] [ TRIP] enables the time counting to start on receiving the trip, whereas the setting: [START tR ] [ TRIP & X52] enables the time counting to start when the digital input associated with X52 switches to inhibited (breaker opening). A TI time delay is provided during which, according to the above setting, the X52 input shall change in state; if this change does not take place, the autoreclose results into a lockout. The actual counting of the reclaim time (tN1, tN2, tN3, tN4, tN5), preset as explained above, relies on the set counting mode. The setting: [START tN ] [ X79] enables the time counting to start when the autoreclose command is sent at a logical stage, whereas the setting: [START tN ] [ X52] allows the time counting to start as soon as the digital input associated with X52 switches to enabled (breaker closing) following the transmission of the autoreclose command. A TI time delay is provided during which, according to the above setting, the X52 input is expected to change in state; if this change does not take place, the autoreclose function results into a lockout. The actual counting of the tN6 reclaim time, as already dealt with above, relies on the set counting mode. The setting: [START tN ] [ X79] enables the time counting to start when the autoreclose command is issued at a logical stage, whereas the setting: [START tN ] [ X52] enables the time counting to start as soon as the digital input associated with X52 switches to enabled (breaker closing) after the autoreclose command is sent. As the time counting session is affected by the breakers (X52) change in state, then if this change is not operated within the TI delay, the autoreclose will result into a lockout. The settings START tN with X52 and START tR with TRIP & X52 are only allowed provided that a digital input is associated with X52.

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4.11 Switching from main to spare settings The settings can be forced to switch from main to spare during any of the following time segments: tR1 and tN1, tR2 and tN2, tR3 and tN3, tR4 and tN4, tR5 and tN5, tN6. If allowed by the related setting, the settings are only allowed to switch from main to spare after the timers (tRx e tNx) have started and the starting thresholds have been reset. The spare settings are held in use for the remaining portion of the tRx delay and during the whole tNx delay coming next. Once the tNx delay is over, the settings automatically switch back from spare to main. In the event of the tNx delay being interrupted by a new trip, which would cause the system to shift to a tRx autoreclose time, the spare settings are held in use for the remaining portion of tRx and during the subsequent tNx as soon as all the starting thresholds are reset, and provided that the related setting allows for that For instance, this makes it possible to inhibit the instantaneous trip after a first nonselective instantaneous opening (By setting the automatic settings switch from main to spare in the S_R1, S_R2, S_R3, S_R4, S_R5 state, and with I>>> OFF and Io>>> OFF in the spare settings). The settings switch forced by the autoreclose function cannot be perceived, neither via PC nor via field-bus.

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MX3IPD1A / B
5. ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS 5.1 Diagnostic Diagnostic activities are envisaged which are automatically carried out upon powering on the device as well as from time to time during the running, and which provide the following actions: - signalling fault or failure conditions. This signal deenergizes the diagnostic relay, turns off the green LED (indicating running system) and lights up the red LED (indicating system failure). - locking out the system in the event of faults that might entail ill-timed operation (VITAL FAULTS). - displaying the failure code. The following failures are classed as NON-VITAL FAULTS: - output relay(s) (X1 - X5) failure - communication failure - internal clock failure The following failures fall within the VITAL FAULTS: - feeder failure - EEPROM failure - internal or external RAM failure - Analogue/Digital converter failure In the presence of vital faults, the device automatically displays the fault code; this condition can only be reset, if the equipment allows this condition to be reset, by enabling the 'settings change' function. In the event that, upon starting up the equipment, an EEPROM failure makes it impossible to retrieve the information on the selected dialogue language, the device will continue working using Italian as the default dialogue language. The device includes the 'Watch Dog' function. The diagnostic activity is also aimed at signalling any condition of "inhibited equipment"; this condition is displayed with a dedicated code, the diagnostic relay is de-energized and the red LED (faulty device) lights up. This condition can only be reset by enabling the 'settings change' function. The diagnostic menu also indicates the date when last changes were made to the equipment. 5.2 Output circuits The output circuits are composed of six relays, each of them equipped with two contacts (see block diagram). The X6 relay, normally energized, is strictly assigned to the diagnostic function. Each remaining relay, if duly programmed through the keyboard, a Personal Computer or a network, can be: - set to perform one or more functions - preset for: - monostable operation: immediate return to the quiescent position when the cause that operated it is removed. - bistable operation (MEMOR): the tripping position is maintained until a reset signal comes from the front push-button, the digital input or the serial connection. - for a minimum duration of the signal or command (t_IMP). The output relays, except for the diagnostic relay, can all be simultaneously set to "normally energized" (NORMAL.ON=ON) or "normally de-energized" (NORMAL.ON=OFF): this selection is made by acting on the S1 jumper, which can only be reached when the relay is pulled out (see figg. 1, 4e, 4f). 5.3 LED signalling circuits

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The signalling circuits are made up of twelve LED's (see fig. 5). Four LEDS are rigorously assigned to previously established signalling functions: - green (Uaux) LED ON in the presence of power supply and with correct feeder output voltage values - green (RUN) LED ON with permanent light in normal conditions and blinking during setting changing and testing activities - red (RUN) LED ON with permanent light when the diagnostic detects a fault or a condition of inhibition. - green (Rx Tx) LED on with permanent light when the device is correctly connected to the network; blinking with communication board not enabled or not configured, OFF when the communication board is not present on the device. Each of the eight LED's left, if duly programmed through the keyboard, a Personal Computer or a network, can be: - set to perform one or more functions - pre-set for: - monostable operation; it automatically goes out when the cause that made it go on is removed. - bistable (MEMOR) operation; the LED remains ON until a reset signal is sent through the front push-button, the digital input or the serial link. Any auxiliary voltage failure only entails a temporary loss of the luminous signalling, which come back again as soon as voltage is restored. A pocket is provided close to each LED where LED-identification labels can be placed. 5.4 Digital inputs Each of the five optoisolated inputs can be assigned to one or more protection's functions and/or auto-reclose logic through a keyboard-, P.C.- or network-programming activity. The input voltage can even not match the device's auxiliary voltage. The digital inputs can be set to be enabled through normal energizing or normal de-energizing. 5.5 Additional timers All of the optoisolated inputs (IN DIG 1,IN DIG 2,IN DIG 3) can be set to be associated with additional timers (t_X1, t_X2, t_X3). When the programmed input is enabled, the associated additional timer starts, and if the timer reaches the over-time status, the tripping signal is sent and maintained for as long as the input remains enabled. 5.6 Counters Each tripping threshold and auto-reclose cicle are associated with a partial and total counter. The counters work within the 0-9999 range; when 9999 is exceeded, the counter is automatically reset and the count restarts from the beginning. All the partial counters can be reset through the keyboard, a Personal Computer or a network.

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MX3IPD1A / B
5.7 Event logging When a tripping event occurs, the following information is stored in the circulating memory: - first operated threshold - eventully reclose failure - day,month, year, hour,minute,second and millisecond identifying the tripping event - the values of phase currents, zero sequence voltages and Uo^Io ground displacements, as measured at the time of the trip. The set of information concerning one trip is called event. The circulating memory allows the last 8 events to be stored, and when this number is exceeded, a new record replaces the older: the last event is stored as EVENT 1. The stored events can be read from the front display unit or from a PC in serial connection with the device. Furthermore, the device can store the latest 32 changes of state (with related date and time) and make them available via PC or local field-bus only. 5.8 Measurements The device can display the phase and ground current values, expressed in multiples of the In and Ion rated currents, and the absolute value, expressed in primary Ampres. It also displays the maximum current values, expressed in multiples of the In and Ion rated currents, measured by the device since the last 'Reset maximum values' command was entered. 5.9 Breaker pole wear index (I2t) The fault currents measured each time the protection trips are used to calculate the parameter (I2t), proportional to the power interrupted by each breaker pole, which represents an index of wear of the breaker poles. It is calculated for the phase-phase and phase-ground fault by (I) 2 t_52) and (Io) 2 t_52) respectively. where: t_52 is the circuit breaker opening time. I, Io are the phase and ground currents expressed in primary Ampres. The wear indexes can be read from the measurement menu and can only be reset by acting through Pc or via field-bus. 5.10 Test Besides the normal diagnostic already dealt with, the device also offers, in the TEST mode, the possibility of testing LED's, display unit and output relays. - The LED test turns on all the LED's, L1 to L8, and the display unit (LCD) for two seconds. Once the test is over, the LED's that were ON before the test remain ON and the display unit goes back to the previous information displayed. The test can also be performed in any operating condition, without affecting the operation in progress.

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- the relay test allows the output relays X1 to X5 to be sequentially selected and checked for correct operation. In this way, any external signalling or control circuit can be tested, as well. The tested relay remains energized for 150 to 200 ms. If starting or tripping commands are already present, the test is not carried out and a dedicated message appears on the display unit. The test on auxiliary relays does not affect counters, event logs and LED's. 5.11 Alphanumeric code The device can be identified within the system by an alphanumeric code, which can be set by the user directly on the equipment or through a PC. With device linked to the network, the alphanumeric code can only be modified by acting through the network. 5.12 Language The device can display information in four languages:Italian, English, French and Spanish. The language can be selected through the keyboard. 5.13 LCD setting The display can be set for fixed (OFF) or timed (ON) backlighting; in the latter case, the display lights up for 300s any time a key is pressed. 5.14 Inhibiting - resetting the device via network The device must be inhibited when located in already running plants, to avoid troubles possibly showing up when a protection must be fed whose settings are unknown or need to be changed. The inhibition is set on by holding the settings change button pressed, for about 2 s, and simultaneously injecting the auxiliary supply until the following message is displayed: [ BLOC ] [ ] On releasing the button, the condition of "device-inhibited" is signalled by a diagnostics fault message (P). The device can only be restored to normal operation by shifting to the settings change function, which is however enabled; a momentary loss of auxiliary supply does not affect the "inhibited" state of the device. If the device is also equipped with a field-bus board, from the BLOC. condition, by holding the settings change push-button pressed for another 2 s, the device will display: [ NET RESET ? ] [_ NO YES _] provided that a confirmation is given, the device can also be made lose its network configuration. The complete procedure to inhibit and reset the device via network must be carried out any time the device needs replacing. The restoration of an inhibited and reset device will entail a K message type to be displayed until the device is configured anew.

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MX3IPD1A / B
5.15 Serial communication on LONWORKS (TM) bus The device, in the version including the special bus board, can communicate with a central monitoring and control system at a speed equalling 1.2 5 Mbaud. The connection to the field bus is made through terminals: 43 and 45. The communication board, which can be also added later, is only enabled if the special S6 jumper is correctly connected, while it is not in the case the jump is connected in vertical position across S5 and S6 (see fig. 2). If the S6 jumper is connected when the communication board is not present, the diagnostic function displays a message of failure, behaving as if the board were present and faulty. Appendix A lists the parameters available for the network.

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5.16 RS485 serial communication and MODBUS protocol Concerning the communication of devices provided with software version 2.00 and subsequent, three different versions are possible: - whitout any communication card (version MX3IPD1A / B .11 e .12); - provided with LonWorks(TM) communication card (version MX3IPD1A / B .61 e .62); - provided with Modbus communication card (version MX3IPD1A / B .71 e .72); The identification of the installed communication card is automatic. When using an unit provided with LonWorks(TM) communication card, it's required first to effect the relay wiring according to its wiring diagram and later proceed with the configuration of all connected devices; the automatic configuration of connected devices is possible by connecting a PC provided with PCLTA10 or SLTA10 card, in which CORMOX2 software has been installed. When using a device provided with Modbus communication the configuration of each relay may be realized by the front interface, or by the IRMA2 program installed on a PC connected to the relay via front plug. The configuration may be realized also on relays not jet connected together and may be eventually organized in files together with all other settings.

TOP SIDE

RELAY FRONT

Modbus communication card configuration requires:

PARAMETER
A-A VIEW

VALUE 300 600 1200 2400 4800 9600 19200 38400 Baud Baud Baud Baud Baud Baud Baud Baud

Speed

BOARD NOT ENABLE A-A VIEW fig. 2 A-A VIEW

BOARD ENABLE Parity

NONE EVEN ODD 7 8 1 2 1 - 255 (0 broadcast)

Data Bit

I CAUTION
Hazardous voltages can remain in the device even when the latter has been de-energized or pulled out of its casing (condenser memory).

Stop Bit

Address

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MX3IPD1A / B
This parameters can be programmed in local or remote mode. So, the following extension of the 'RELAY DATA' menu is available: [MX3IPD1A ] [Sw Vers 2.00/01] relay type software version 6. LOCAL INTERFACE

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[DATA BIT [STOP BIT


8 ] 1 ] plant identifier speed setting parity setting data bit setting stop bit setting address setting

[PLANT IDENTIFIER] [GenPan ] [SPEED 38400 Bb] [PARITY NONE ]

[ADDRESS [

111 ] ]

On demand is available documentation about LonWorks(TM) and Modbus versions.

5.17 Oscilloperturbography The device can record the course of input currents (Ia, Ib, Ic, Io) and the logic states of the 8 LED's, the 5 auxiliary relays, the 3 digital inputs and the 3 additional timers. The total recording time equals 2.5s, and can be divided into variable time before start-up and variable time after start-up. The oscilloperturbography function can be started for: tstart starting, tstart end, tripping, enabling of digital inputs and timers. The selection of the starting parameters, the graphic display and reset of oscilloperturbography can be made through a PC or a network. The function can even be reset by interrupting the auxiliary voltage for a short while. 5.18 Continuous tripping circuits control The use of a digital input enabled by de-energizing combined with one of the additional timers TX allows for monitoring the continuity of the tripping coil circuit both when the breaker is open and closed.

The local interface is made up of: - An LCD display unit organized on two lines of sixteen characters each. Through a special keyboard-controlled scanning, the display unit enables the settings to be read and changed, the measurements, the counters, the logged events and the diagnostic information to be read. - A keyboard or keypad made up of six keys, five of which can even be reached when the cover is fitted through a special link. In addition to the above-mentioned scanning, the keyboard is also used to change the settings, to carry out tests that require commands to be sent and stored indications to be set to zero. The keys that can be reached when the cover is fitted only allow for read-out and reset operations. Key It scrolls the menu upwards or increases a value, if the settings change function is enabled. [] It scrolls the menu downwards or decreases a value, if the settings change function is enabled. [] It scrolls the menu to the right or selects the value to be changed, if the settings change function is enabled.[]

Key

Key

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MX3IPD1A / B
Key It scrolls the menu to the left or selects the value to be changed, if the settings change function is enabled. [] It resets the stored LED's indications if the cause has been removed, or the partial counters if you are in the "display counters" menu. It takes the end relays to quiescent state when they are set to bistable operation. If pressed for at least 2s, this key enables the settings to be changed. When the settings change is enabled, the green LED (RUN) lights up blinking. If pressed once again for at least 2s, the system goes back to the normal running conditions and, provided that a confirmation is given, the new settings become the current ones (the key can only be reached by removing the cover). During the setting change operations, the device continues working with the old settings. If the changes made are confirmed in the presence of a fault, they are not made the current ones until the event is over: the interrupt state is signalled for 3s by a message on the display unit, after which you are prompted to confirm the changes made. If pressed upon feeding the device with auxiliary voltage until a failure message appears on the display, this key inhibits the device from operating. Keys If simultaneously pressed for at least 2s, these keys enable the protection to be tested. When the testing activity is enabled, the green LED (RUN) lights up blinking. If simultaneously pressed for at least 2s during the TEST routine, these keys enable you to leave the protection testing mode.

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- Twelve LED's, four of which are rigorously dedicated to general running functions. - A four-pin connector in compliance with FCC 68. By means of a special optoelectrical adapter, an optical fibre cable and a RS232 optical converter, it allows the device to be locally linked with a personal computer. The P.C., through a special interface programme, makes it possible to read and change the settings, to read the measurements, the counters, the logged events, the diagnostic information and the oscilloperturbography.

Key

Key

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MX3IPD1A / B
7. LCD MENU STRUCTURE 7.1 MAIN READING MENU The device displays a main menu that leads to several submenus (tree-structure). All the displayed screens are permanently possible . [IA [IB In] Present value of phase A current In] Present value of phase B current

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b) By pressing the key the language change function is enabled, and the following message appears on the display: [MENU: ITALIANO] [ ] c) By pressing or you scroll the stored languages menu. For the purpose of our example, we must stop when the following message is displayed: [MENU: ENGLISH] [ ] d) By pressing you confirm the selected dialogue language and go back to the main menu. The following message appears on the display: [MENU: ENGLISH] [ ] 7.1.2 Change date and time Access to "change date/time" is denied when the protection is network-connected. If the network connection is made after entering the change function, the local changes are not loaded. Let us assume we wish to change the starting date10/06/93 into 24/05/95. a) Press the key or until the display shows: [DATE 10/06/93] [TIME 09:38:43] b) By pressing the key the change function is enabled and the following message appears on the display: 10/06/93] [DATE [TIME 09:38:43] c) By pressing select the value to be changed. To select the last digit that makes up the date, press six times, the displays will show: [DATE 10/06/93] [TIME 09:38:43] d) By pressing , increase the selected value. Hold the key pressed until the display shows: [DATE 10/06/95] [TIME 09:38:43] e) By pressing , select the fourth digit that makes up the date, the display will show: [DATE 10/06/95] [TIME 09:38:43] f) By pressing , decrease the selected value until the display shows: [DATE 10/05/95] [TIME 09:38:43] g) By pressing twice further, select the second digit that makes up the date, and the display will show: [DATE 10/06/95] [TIME 09:38:43] h) By pressing , change the selected value (upon reaching number 9, the tens will go up by one unit) until the display shows: [DATE 24/05/95] [TIME 09:38:43]

[MENU: [

ENGLISH] ]

[DATE [TIME

] ]

change dialogue language change date and time


display settings in use present date and time

Dialogue language


[ [ [ [


] ] ] ] ] ]

[SETTINGS IN USE:] [MAIN ] [SETTINGS READING] [MAIN ] [SETTINGS READING] [SPARE ] MEASUREMENTS

display main settings display spare settings display./reset present and


stored meas. values


[ OUTPUT [


RELAYS ] ]

COUNTERS P=RESETTABLE

display counters and


partial counters reset

[ EVENTS [EVENT 1 = LAST

display display display display

stored events

output relays configuration

[ DIGITAL [

INPUT ] ]

digital inputs configuration

[ [ [ [ [ [

] ] ] ] ] ]

LED

LED configuration

RELAY DATA

display model - software display failures

release and alphanumeric code

DIAGNOSTIC

date of last change

All the following examples take their start from the main menu. 7.1.1 Change dialogue language The default language is ITALIAN. Here follows an example showing how to change the dialogue language. Suppose we wish to set ENGLISH as the desired language. a) Press the key or until the following message appears on the display: [MENU: ITALIANO] [ ]

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MX3IPD1A / B
i) Press until you move to the beginning of the line. The display will show: 24/05/95] [DATE [TIME 9:38:43] j) By pressing the "change time" function is enabled. The steps are the same as those described from c) to i). The device does not accept time or date settings that do not exist. The time counting starts upon moving from the digits that make up the time to the wording TIME at the beginning of the line. k) By pressing the changes made are confirmed and the system moves back to the main menu. The display will show: [DATE 24/05/95] [TIME 09:38:43] 7.1.3 Display settings in use a) Press or until the display shows, for instance: [SETTINGS IN USE:] [ MAIN] The second line will indicate the group of settings the device is using at present. Any <!> possibly displayed, notwithstanding the contents of the second line, indicates the device is working with the SPARE settings. [SETTINGS IN USE:] MAIN] [ <!> The device will continue working with the SPARE settings as long as the "change settings" command sent by the IN DIG1 digital input remains enabled. When the <!> characters disappear, the device restarts working with the displayed group of settings. 7.1.4 Display main settings a) Press or until the display shows: [SETTINGS READING] [MAIN ] b) By pressing , the main settings display sub-menu shows up; by pressing or the following sub-menu is scrolled: rated frequency rated ground voltage rated phase current rated ground current first phase threshold I> starting signalling delay I> tripping delay characteristic definite time inverse time as per IEC 255, multiplier I> threshold tripping interrupt second phase threshold I>> starting signalling delay I>> tripping delay Third threshold I>>> starting signalling delay I>>> tripping delay I>>>*2 third threshold doubling time fn Uon In Ion I> tstart type0) t11) K(t1)2) I>>I>>>BLOC I>2) I>> tstart t2 I>>> tstart t3 t(*2)

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first ground threshold Io> Io> starting signalling delay tstart directional/non-directional threshold DIRECT/NON-DIR. ground voltage threshold Uo>3) characteristic angle Io^Uo 3) Io> tripping delay characteristic tipo0) definite time to11) inverse time as per IEC 255, multiplier K(to1)2) Io> threshold tripping interrupt Io>>Io>>>BLOC Io>2) second ground threshold Io>> Io>> starting signalling delay tstart directional/non-directional threshold DIRECT/NON-DIR. ground voltage threshold Uo>>3) characteristic angle Io^Uo 3) Io>> tripping delay to2 third ground threshold Io>>> Io>>> starting signalling delay tstart directional/non-directional threshold DIRECT/NON-DIR. ground voltage threshold Uo>>>3) characteristic angle Io^Uo 3) Io>>> tripping delay to3 ground voltage threshold Uo>>>> Uo>>>> starting signalling delay tstart Uo>>>> tripping delay tUo breaker opening failure time t_BF min. end relay pulse width t_IMP additional timer t_X1 additional timer t_X2 additional timer t_X3 primary rated current of phase CT In TA primary rated current of ground CT Ion TA breaker arc time t_52 ) DEFINITE or dependent time: CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C 1 ) parameter present with threshold I> tripping delay characteristic of : INDEPEND type 2 ) parameter present with threshold I> tripping delay characteristic of : CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C type. 3 ) parameter present with directional threshold c) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main settings menu: [SETTINGS READING] [MAIN ] 7.1.5 Viewing the autoreclose setting a) Press or until the following message is displayed: [SETTINGS READING] [ AUTORECLOSE ] b) Press the key to get into the viewing menu and press or to scroll the sub-menu. The first display page will be: autoreclose on/off ON/OFF c) Further press the key to view all autoreclose cycles that can be actuated and the associated tripping thresholds, e.g.: [I> TRIP ] [AUTOREC. R..3..] The tripping thresholds allowed for association are: first phase threshold trip I> TRIP second phase threshold trip I>> TRIP third phase threshold trip I>>> TRIP
0

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MX3IPD1A / B
first ground threshold trip second ground threshold trip third ground threshold trip Io> TRIP Io>> TRIP Io>>> TRIP

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inverse time as per IEC 255, multiplier K(to1)2) Io> threshold tripping interrupt Io>>Io>>>BLOC Io>2) second ground threshold Io>> Io>> starting signalling delay tstart directional/non-directional threshold DIRECT/NON-DIR. ground voltage threshold Uo>>3) characteristic angle Io^Uo 3) Io>> tripping delay to2 third ground threshold Io>>> Io>>> starting signalling delay tstart directional/non-directional threshold DIRECT/NON-DIR. ground voltage threshold Uo>>>3) characteristic angle Io^Uo 3) Io>>> tripping delay to3 ground voltage threshold Uo>>>> Uo>>>> starting signalling delay tstart Uo>>>> tripping delay tUo ) DEFINITE or dependent time: CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C 1 ) parameter present with threshold I> tripping delay characteristic of : INDEPEND type 2 ) parameter present with threshold I> tripping delay characteristic of : CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C type. 3 ) parameter present with directional threshold Those parameters that are not listed in the SPARE menu take the same values as those listed in the MAIN settings menu. c) By pressing anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main reading menu: [SETTINGS READING] [SPARE ]

d) by further pressing the key the following parameters are displayed: first autoreclose waiting time tR1 second autoreclose waiting time tR2 third autoreclose waiting time tR3 fourth autoreclose waiting time tR4 fifth autoreclose waiting time tR5 first reclaim time tN1 second reclaim time tN2 third reclaim time tN3 fourth reclaim time tN4 fifth reclaim time tN5 sixth reclaim time tN6 timer tR... started by breakers state START tR0) timer tN... started by breakers state START tN1) settings switch during tR1+tN1 ON/OFF settings switch during tR2+tN2 ON/OFF settings switch during tR3+tN3 ON/OFF settings switch during tR4+tN4 ON/OFF settings switch during tR5+tN5 ON/OFF settings switch during tN6 ON/OFF
0

) time counting starting as soon as the protection trips (TRIP) or when the protection trips and the breaker actually opens (TRIP & 52) 1 ) time counting starting when the X79 autoreclose command is sent or when the X52 breaker is actually closed c) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main viewing menu: [SETTINGS READING] [ AUTORECLOSE ] 7.1.6 Display spare settings a) Press the key or until the display shows: [SETTINGS READING] [SPARE ] b) By pressing the key you enter the spare settings display menu, and by pressing or the following sub-menu is scrolled: first phase threshold I> starting signalling delay I> tripping delay characteristic definite time inverse time as per IEC 255, multiplier I> threshold tripping interrupt second phase threshold I>> starting signalling delay I>> tripping delay third threshold I>>> starting signalling delay I>>> tripping delay I>>>*2 third threshold doubling time first ground threshold Io> starting signalling delay directional/non-directional threshold ground voltage threshold characteristic angle Io> tripping delay characteristic definite time I> tstart type0) t11) K(t1)2) I>>I>>>BLOC I>2) I>> tstart t2 I>>> tstart t3 t(*2) Io> tstart DIRECT/NON-DIR. Uo>3) Io^Uo3) tipo0) to11)

7.1.7 Display current and stored measurement values a) Press or until the display shows: [ MEASUREMENTS ] [ ] b) By pressing you enter the measurement display submenu, and by pressing or the following sub-menu is scrolled: current value of phase A current in In multiples IA current value of phase B current in In multiples IB current value of phase C current in In multiples IC current value of ground fault current in Ion multiples Io current value of Uo voltage in multiples of Uon Uo phase-displacement angle Io^Uo current value of primary phase A current in Ampres IA' current value of primary phase B current in Ampres IB' current value of primary phase C current in Ampres IC' current value of primary ground fault current in Ampres Io' maximum value of phase A current in In multiples IA MAX maximum value of phase B current in In multiples IB MAX maximum value of phase C current in In multiples IC MAX maximum value of ground fault current in Ion multiples Io MAX max. value of Uo voltage in multiples of Uon Uo MAX wear index of phase A breaker pole A wear index of phase B breaker pole B wear index of phase C breaker pole C ground fault wear index 0

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MX3IPD1A / B
c) By pressing the RESET key you can delete the maximum stored values displayed. The wear indexes can only be reset by acting through PC or via field-bus. d) By pressing the key ,anywhere in the sub-menu you go back to the main display menu: [ MEASUREMENTS ] [ ] 7.1.8 Display counters a) Press or until the display shows: [ COUNTERS ] [ P=RESETTABLE ] b) By pressing you enterthe counter display sub-menu, and by pressing or the following sub-menu is scrolled: total operations of the first phase threshold I> T partial operations of the first phase threshold I> P total operations of the second phase threshold I>> T partial operations of the second phase threshold I>> P total operations of the third phase threshold I>>> T partial operations of the third phase threshold I>>> P total operations of the first ground threshold Io> T partial operations of the first ground threshold Io> P total operations of the second ground threshold Io>> T partial operations of the second ground threshold Io>> P total operations of the third ground threshold Io>>> T partial operations of the third ground threshold Io>>> P total operations of ground voltage threshold Uo>>>> T partial operations of ground voltage threshold Uo>>>> P total number first autoreclose R1 T partial number of first autoreclose R1 P total number of second autoreclose R2 T partial number of second autoreclose R2 P total number of third autoreclose R3 T partial number of third autoreclose R3 P total number of fourth autoreclose R4 T partial number of fourth autoreclose R4 P total number of fifth autoreclose R5 T partial number of fifth autoreclose R5 P otal operations of the opening failure threshold BF T partial operations opening failure threshold BF P c) By pressing the RESET key you can reset the partial counter being displayed. d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main reading menu: [ COUNTERS ] [ P=RESETTABLE ] 7.1.9 Display events a) Press or until the display shows: [ EVENTS ] [EVENT 1 = LAST] b) By pressing you enter the sub-menu where the eight events to be stored can be selected. The display shows: [EVENT 1 DD/MM/YY ] [ hh:mm:ss.xxx ]

MDE/C133 2651 001


the first line displays the event number, the day, the month and the year, whereas the second line lists the time, the minutes, the seconds and thousandths of a second concerning the event. c) By pressing the key or , select the event to be displayed. Once the selection is made, press ; thus, you enter the event display sub-menu, and by pressing or the following submenu is scrolled: tripped threshold TRIP autoreclose failure indication (if any) BLOC 79 phase A current value in multiples of In when the tripping occurred IA_G phase B current value in multiples of In when the tripping occurred IB_G phase C current value in multiples of In when the tripping occurred IC_G ground fault value in multiples of Ion when the tripping occurred Io_G Uo voltage value in multiples of Uon when the tripping occurred Uo_G value of phase displacement between Io current and Uo voltage at the time of the tripping event Io^Uo_G d) By pressing anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to event display sub-menu; to display other events go through step c) again. By pressing anywhere in the sub-menu you go back to the main reading menu: [ EVENTS ] [EVENT 1 = LAST] 7.1.10 Display output relay a) Press or until the display shows: [ OUTPUT RELAYS ] [ ] b)By pressing you enter the sub-menu that displays the allocation of the auxiliary output relays. The display shows: [I> START] [REL X..3.5] the first line displays the function that is associated with the relay or relays listed in the second line. By pressing the keys or the sub-menu is scrolled. The functions that can be associated with the output relays are: delayed starting of first phase threshold I> START first phase threshold tripping I> TRIP delayed starting of second phase threshold I>> START second phase threshold tripping I>> TRIP delayed starting of third phase threshold I>>> START third phase threshold tripping I>>> TRIP delayed starting of first ground threshold Io> START first ground threshold tripping Io> TRIP delayed starting of second ground threshold Io>> START second ground threshold tripping Io>> TRIP delayed starting of third ground threshold Io>>> START third ground threshold tripping Io>>> TRIP delayed starting of ground voltage threshold Uo>>>> START ground voltage threshold tripping Uo>>>> TRIP autoreclose on ON 79 breaker closing command X 79

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MX3IPD1A / B
autoreclose in progress delay reclaim in progress delay autoreclose failure breaker opening failure tripping tX1 timer overtime tX2 timer overtime tX3 timer overtime first digital input fed second digital input fed third digital input fed fourth digital input fed fifth digital input fed tR tN BLOC. 79 BF TRIP t_X1 TRIP t_X2 TRIP t_X3 TRIP IN DIG 1 IN DIG 2 IN DIG 3 IN DIG 4 IN DIG 5 7.1.12 Display LED's

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a) Press the key or until the following message appears on the display: [ LED ] [ ] b) By pressing the key you enter the sub-menu that displays the allocation of LED's. The following messages will be displayed: [I> START] [LED L..3..6.8] the first line displays the function that is associated with the LED's listed in the second line. By pressing or the sub-menu is vertically scrolled. The functions that can be associated with the LED's are: delayed starting of first phase threshold I> START first phase threshold tripping I> TRIP delayed starting of second phase threshold I>> START second phase threshold tripping I>> TRIP delayed starting of third phase threshold I>>> START third phase threshold tripping I>>> TRIP tripping for IA current (LED L1 must be used) IA TRIP tripping for IB current (LED L2 must be used) IB TRIP tripping for IC current (LED L3 must be used) IC TRIP delayed starting of first ground threshold Io> START first ground threshold tripping Io> TRIP delayed starting of second ground threshold Io>> START second ground threshold tripping Io>> TRIP delayed starting of third ground threshold Io>>> START third ground threshold tripping Io>>> TRIP delayed starting of ground voltage threshold Uo>>>> START ground overvoltage threshold tripping Uo>>>> TRIP autoreclose off OFF 79 breaker closing command X 79 autoreclose in progress delay tR reclaim in progress delay tN autoreclose failure BLOC. 79 breaker failure trip BF TRIP tX1 timer overtime t_X1 TRIP tX2 timer overtime t_X2 TRIP tX3 timer overtime t_X3 TRIP first digital input fed IN DIG 1 second digital input fed IN DIG 2 third digital input fed IN DIG 3 It is furthermore possible to display those LEDs that bear the following setting: bistable operation MEMOR c) By pressing the key any where in the sub-menu, you go back to the main reading menu: [ LED ] [ ] 7.1.13 Display relay information a) Press the key or until the following message is displayed: [ RELAY DATA ] [ ]

It is furthermore possible to display the output relays that bear the following settings: minimum pulse width t_IMP bistable operation MEMOR The variable NORMAL.ON indicates whether all all the output relays are pre-set to be normally energized or not. c) By pressing the key anywher in the sub-menu, you go back to the main reading menu: [ OUTPUT RELAYS ] [ ] 7.1.11 Display digital inputs a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ DIGITAL ] [ INPUTS ] b) By pressing the key you enter the sub-menu that lists the allocation of digital inputs. The following message will appear on the display unit: [BLOC. I> ] [IN DIG .2.] the first line indicates the function that is associated with the digital inputs listed in the second line. By pressing the keys or the sub-menu is scrolled. The functions that can be associated with the inputs are: first phase threshold tripping lock BLOC. I> second phase threshold tripping lock BLOC. I>> third phase threshold tripping lock BLOC. I>>> first ground threshold tripping lock BLOC. Io> second ground threshold tripping lock BLOC. Io>> third ground threshold tripping lock BLOC. Io>>> ground voltage threshold tripping lock BLOC. Uo>>>> autoreclose off OFF 79 circuit breaker closed X52 circuit breaker manual reclose CH 52 circuit breaker manual open AP 52 tX1 timer starting t_X1 tX2 timer starting t_X2 tX3 timer starting t_X3 switching to spare settings SETTINGS SWITCH LED's and output relay reset RESET The system can even display the digital inputs that are set to be enabled by normal energizing () or de-energizing () c) By pressing the key back to the main reading [ [ anywhere in the sub-menu, you go menu: DIGITAL ] INPUTS ]

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MX3IPD1A / B
b) By pressing the key you enter a sub-menu where the protection model and the software release are displayed: [MX3IPD1A ] [Soft Rel. 001.00] c) By pressing the key once again, the second line will display the alphanumeric identification code that the user gave to the device, for instance: [PLANT IDENTIFIER] [ CELL No. 17bis ] d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main reading menu: [ RELAY DATA ] [ ] 7.1.14 Diagnostic display 1) fault location a) Press the key or until the following message is displayed: [ DIAGNOSTIC ] [ ] In the presence of VITAL FAULTS, the device automatically displays the window, without needing to enter the diagnostic menu. b) By pressing the key you enter a sub-menu that displays the operating state of the relay. The display will show: [ LAST SETTING ] [DD/MM/YY hh:mm] the second line displays the day, the month, the year, the time and the minutes of the time when last change was made to the settings. c) By pressing the key once again, if the device has not detected any failure, the following message will be displayed: [RUNNING ] [................] If NON-VITAL FAULTS are detected, the following message will be displayed: [FAULT ] [ABCDE.....KL ] whereas, if VITAL FAULTS are detected, the <!> characters will be displayed, too: [FAULT <!>] [.....FGHIJ... ] The second line contains one or more fault identification codes.

MDE/C133 2651 001


The following table provides the fault codes and the corresponding fault description: Code fault description A X1 relay coil interrupted or related driver B X2 relay coil interrupted or related driver C X3 relay coil interrupted or related driver D X4 relay coil interrupted or related driver E X5 relay coil interrupted or related driver F internal feeder failure G EEPROM failure H internal RAM failure I external RAM failure J analogue to digital converter K comunication board failure or board enabled but not configured L internal clock failure If the S6 jumper (see fig.2) that enables the communication board is connected when the board is not present, the K code appears, as if a failure were detected. d) As far as the NON-VITAL FAULTS are concerned, by pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu you go back to the main reading menu: [ DIAGNOSTIC ] [ ] whereas, as far as the VITAL FAULTS are concerned, you can only leave the diagnostic sub-menu,if applicable for the device, by entering the "settings change" menu. 2) Inhibited device The condition of "inhibited device" and eventually also "deconfigured" is displayed as follows: [FAULT <!>] [.............P ] This condition can only be reset by entering the 'change settings "menu (it is however necessary to confirm when you are prompted to SAVE CHANGES, although no setting was changed). Warning: even the simple viewing of the set parameters must take place in the "settings change" menu, since upon leaving this condition, the device will be started again. If during inibition the device had also deconfigured, on setting it at work again, the K fault message will be displayed until a new configuration is loaded (see 5.14). 7.2 MAIN SETTINGS CHANGE MENU By pressing the key anywhere in the display menus

for at least 2s, the main settings change menu is entered. Thence, several sub-menus can be entered (tree-structure). When the settings change function is enabled, the green LED (RUN) lights up blinking.

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MX3IPD1A / B
If the settings change menu is already accessed through a PC or the network, all local changea are inhibited, and the following message will be displayed: [SETTINGS CHANGE ] [ NOT AVAILABLE ] The access priority to the settings change function for PC, network and keyboard is time-dependent. During the settings change operations, the device continues working with the old settings. All the displayed messages can be made permanent. [SETTINGS IN USE:] [ MAIN] present settings selection of present settings group change main settings 7.2.1 Select current settings group change spare settings output relays configuration digital inputs configuration LED configuration setting alphanumeric code permanent display back-lighting (LCD)

MDE/C133 2651 001


If, as regards software releases earlier than 1.51, the acquisition is suspended due to the enabling of a digital input, which cannot be disabled at that given time, and you need to change the settings, first inhibit the device, then enter the changes (see paragraphs 5.14 and 7.1.14). Note: the "settings change" function can even be implemented when the device is "forced" to use the SPARE SETTINGS. In such a case, the system only interrupts the selection of SETTINGS IN USE: MAIN until the external forcing signal disappears. If a setting is changed when the system is "forced" from the outside, the following message is displayed: [ SPARE SETTINGS ] [FROM EXT.CONTROL] All the following examples take their start from the main settings change menu.


[ OUTPUT [


RELAYS ] ]

[SETTINGS CHANGE] [MAIN ] [SETTINGS CHANGE] [SPARE ]

a) Press the key or until the following message is displayed: [SETTINGS IN USE:] [ MAIN ] b) After pressing the key , the current settings can start being changed. The following message is displayed: [SETTINGS IN USE:] [ MAIN] c) By pressing or , the following message is displayed: [SETTINGS IN USE:] SPARE] [ d) By pressing the key the new selection is confirmed, and the system goes back to the main settings change menu. The following message is displayed: [SETTINGS IN USE:] [ SPARE] 7.2.2 Change main settings group a) Press the key or until the following message is displayed: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [MAIN ] b) By pressing the key , you enter the main settings change sub-menu, which contains all the parameters already listed in 7.1.3, except for In and Ion, which can only be changed in hardware mode, as detailed in 2.1. c) By pressing the keys or , you can vertically scroll the submenu, and by pressing the key you can start changing the displayed parameter. The change can be made by pressing the keys or . d) By repeatedly pressing the key anywhere in the submenu, you go back to the main settings change menu: [SETTING IN USE:] [MAIN ]


[ [ [ [


] ] ] ]

[ DIGITAL INPUTS ] [ ] LED

RELAY DATA

[ LCD ] [AUTOMATIC RETURN]

anywhere in the changing By pressing the key menus for at least 2 seconds, you go back to the main display menu, but you are first prompted to confirm or discard the changes made: [NEW SET.CONFIRM?] [< NO YES >] By pressing all the changes made are discarded, whereas by pressing the changes made are confirmed. The green LED (RUN) stops blinking and becomes permanent. If, upon confirming the changes, a fault is detected, or, as regards software releases earlier than 1.51, a digital input associated with a timer turns out to be enabled, the settings are not accepted as long as the fault event persists (fault or enabling). This state is signalled for 3s by the following message: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [DELAYED ] once the event is over, you are prompted to confirm the changes made again.

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MX3IPD1A / B
Example of setting Suppose we must enable and set the overcurrent threshold I>>> to 10.15 starting from the initial setting of 9.90, OFF. Go through steps a) and b) Press the key or until the threshold to be changed is selected on the display: OFF] [I>>> [I>>> 09.90 In] By pressing the key , you can start changing the selected setting of I>>>. The following message will be displayed: OFF] [I>>> [I>>> 09.90 In] By pressing the key or , I>>> turns to ON and the following message will be displayed: [I>>> ON ] [I>>> 09.90 In] By pressing the key , the cursor moves back to the beginning of the line. Thus, by pressing the key , you can move to the second line. By pressing the key ,you can select the digit you wish to change. In our example, by pressing the key four times, the display will show: [I>>> ON ] [I>>> 09.90 In] By pressing the key , the selected digit is increased until the desired value is reached. In our example: [I>>> ON ] [I>>> 09.95 In] Now, by pressing , reach the third digit, the display will show: [I>>> ON ] [I>>> 09.95 In] By pressing the key , change the value (upon reaching number 9, the units will be incremented by one unit) until the display shows: [I>>> ON ] [I>>> 10.15 In] By pressing the key the cursor moves to the beginning of the line and the main settings change menu is displayed: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [MAIN ] 7.2.3 Changing autoreclose settings a) Press the keys or until the following message is displayed: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [ AUTORECLOSE ] b) Press the key to get into the settings change sub-menu, where a list of all the parameters already detailed in paragraph 7.1.5 is provided.

MDE/C133 2651 001


c) Press the keys or to scroll the whole sub-menu, and press to enable the displayed parameter to be changed. Any modification of numerical values and/or the alternative conditions (ON/OFF; TRIP/TRIP& X52 ; X79/X52) can be carried out by pressing the key or as described in paragraph 7.2.2 . To assign the trips that are meant to actuate the autoreclose function, go through the steps provided in paragraph 7.2.5. d) Press several times the key anywhere in the sub-menu, to go back to the main settings change menu: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [ AUTORECLOSE ] 7.2.4 Change spare settings a) Press the key or until the following message is displayed: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [SPARE ] b) By pressing the key , you enter the spare settings change sub-menu, which contains all the parameters already listed in 7.1.6. c) By pressing the keys or ,you can vertically scroll the submenu, and by pressing the key you can start changing the displayed parameter. The change can be made by pressing the keys or . The settings change procedure mirrors that described in the example applying to the main settings. d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main settings change menu: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [SPARE ] 7.2.5 Set output relay a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ OUTPUT RELAYS ] [ ] b) By pressing the key , you enter the output relay setting submenu, which contains all the parameters already listed in 6.1.9, except for NORMAL ON (which can only be set as indicated in 4.2). c) By pressing the keys or ,you can vertically scroll the submenu, and by pressing the key you can start changing the displayed parameter. The change can be made by pressing the keys or . d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main settings change menu: [ OUTPUT RELAYS ] [ ] Example of allocation Assume we must allocate the tripping of the overcurrent threshold I> to the output relays X5 starting from I> trip associated to X2

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MX3IPD1A / B
Go through the steps a) and b) Press the key or until the display shows: [I> TRIP] X.2...] [REL Each position after the letter X corresponds to an output relay. More relays can be associated with one function. By pressing the key , move close to the relay that you wish to associate with the function. In our example, press the key five times. The display will show: [I> TRIP] [REL X.2...] By pressing or , associate the selected relay X5 to the function. The display will show: [I> TRIP] [REL X.2..5] By pressing the key , select the second relay. The display will show: [I> TRIP] [REL X.2..5] By pressing the key or , the selected relay is dissociated, and the display will show: [I> TRIP] [REL X....5] By pressing the key , the cursor moves back to the beginning of the line, and the system goes back to the main settings change menu: [OUTPUT RELAYS ] [ ] 7.2.6 Set digital inputs a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ DIGITAL INPUTS ] [ ] b) By pressing the key , you enter the digital input setting submenu, which contains all the parameters already listed in 6.1.10. c) By pressing the key or the sub-menu is vertically scrolled, and by pressing the key , you can start changing the selected parameter. The change can be made by pressing the key or . The setting procedure mirrors that described in the output relay setting example. To switch from the main settings to the spare settings, the digital input number 1 (IN DIG 1) must be used SETTINGS SWITCH To reset the LED's and the auxiliary relays, the digital input number 3 (IN DIG 3) must be used. RESET(LED+Xmem) Starting of additional timer is not possible with digital input IN DIG4 and IN DIG5 d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main settings change menu: [ DIGITAL INPUTS ] [ ] 7.2.7 LED Settings

MDE/C133 2651 001

a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ LED ] [ ] b) By pressing the key , the LED setting sub-menu, which contains the parameters already listed in 7.1.12., is entered. c) By pressing the key or , the sub-menu is vertically scrolled, and by pressing the key , you can start changing the displayed parameter. The change can be made by pressing the key or . The setting procedure mirrors that described in the output relay setting example. d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu , you go back to the main changing menu: [ LED ] [ ] 7.2.8 Set alphanumeric code a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ RELAY DATA ] [ ] b) By pressing the key , you can change/set an alphanumeric code that identifies the device. The display will show, for instance: [PLANT IDENTIFIER] [CELL N. 17bis ] c) By further pressing the key you select the character(s) to be changed, and by pressing or all the capital and small letters of the alphabet, all the numbers and some special characters, among which the blank space, are vertically scrolled. d) By pressing the key , the cursor moves back to the beginning of the line (no character selected), and by further pressing the key , you go back to the main settings change menu: [ RELAY DATA ] [ ] 7.2.9 LCD back-lighting a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ LCD ] [AUTOMATIC RETURN] b) By pressing the key , you can set the LCD back-lighting to permanent (OFF) or timed (ON). Let us assume the display shows: ON ] [ [ ] c) By pressing the keys or , the current setting can be changed to: [ [ OFF] ]

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MX3IPD1A / B
d) By pressing the key , you go back to the main changing menu: [ LCD ] [AUTOMATIC RETURN] 7.3 TEST MENU By pressing the keys for at least 2s 8. APPLICATION AND USE

MDE/C133 2651 001

anywhere in the main display menus, the TEST function, which is highlighted by the blinking of the green LED (RUN), is enabled. [TEST [ LED] YES >]

[TEST [

RELAY X1] YES >]

TEST LED's L1-L8 and display TEST relay X1 TEST relay X2 TEST relay X3 TEST relay X4 TEST relay X5

This rich and versatile device is suitable for the directional protection of overhead, cable and machinery lines from phase-phase and phase-ground faults. The ground fault detection relay is fit to be connected on the common return of the three CTs (Holmgreen plugging-in), this technique being used in systems featuring high ground faults, as well as onto toroidal CTs, generally used in systems featuring low ground faults. The ground fault overvoltage threshold Uo>>>> makes it possible to back up the ground fault overcurrent protection. It is furthermore vital in those systems which, due to service- or emergency-related requirements, can be modified in settings by reducing the ground fault current to values that cannot be sensed by the ground fault overcurrent protection.

[TEST [

RELAY X2] YES >]

[TEST [

RELAY X3] YES >]

[TEST [

RELAY X4] YES >]

[TEST [

RELAY X5] YES >]

The test to be carried out on the auxiliary relay X.. makes the latter trip, so that the associated command and/or signal can be sent. That is why, before running it, the systems prompts you to further confirm its execution: [ ARE YOU SURE ? ] [< NO YES >] If, upon confirming the execution, some starting or tripping signals are already present, or a digital input associated with a timer proves to be enabled, the test is not performed, and this condition is signalled by the following message: [TEST ] [NOT AVAILABLE ] The LED and display test makes these units light up for two seconds. Therefore, it can be run at any time during operation By pressing the two keys for two

seconds anywhere in the test menu, the TEST function is disabled. The green LED (RUN) stops blinking, and the system goes back to the main reading menu.

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MX3IPD1A / B
9. INSTALLATION - TRANSPORT 9.1 ESD Electrostatic charges The device uses electronic components that are sensitive to electrostatic charges, which can lay with any individual. Therefore, the operator who happens to handle the moving part of the equipment and come in contact with the electronic circuits, must take preventive measures to avoid damaging the relay: - before removing the movable part, the operator must reach the same potention as the unit by touching the housing. - avoid touching electronic components, the printed circuit board and connectors. Handle it from the outer housing. - lay the device on surfaces that are antistatic or feature the same potential as the operator's. - the relay must only be stored and transported provided that it is wrapped in its dedicated antistatic bag. As far as the following action is possible and reasonable, do not pull out the moving part from the casing to avoid causing mechanical and electrostatic damages to the protection. 9.2 Acceptance - storage Although protective relays are generally of robust construction, they require a careful treatment prior to installation on site, since they must be carefully packed and unpacked, without applying any force and using suitable tools. Once supplied, the relays must be thoroughly inspected to ensure that they have not undergone shipping damages. If the relays are not immediately installed upon reception, they must be stored in places free from dust and moisture, in their original packing. Storage temperature: -25C + 80C. 9.3 Assembling and connection - Remove the protective cover until the four fastening holes become visible. - Place the equipment into the hole of the panel-board and secure it by fastening the four screws (see fig. 6) - Connect the ground screw of the equipment to the panel's grounding system throught a cable of suitable gauge (>4mm2) and shortest length (<1m). - Perform the wiring using the screw or faston couplings of the interface terminal boards. In faston wiring, the IP20 casing of the terminal board shall be located before connecting the faston coupling to the relay. In screw wiring, the side wings of the IP20 casing matching the wired terminals shall be removed or folded in. Any assembling and connection work shall be carried out to the best workmanship. 10. SETTING THE UNIT AT WORK

MDE/C133 2651 001

The relay is supplied with factory settings and configurations as indicated in tables A, B and C (factory settings). These settings can not to be consistent with the specific system where the unit is to be placed. Therefore, the relay settings must be changed in compliance with the tables D, E and F for customer's use, which must be used as a support to develop a customized setting scheme. 10.1 Safety regulations During the equipment tests and the start-up, the general safety regulations applicable to electrical systems must be complied with. Failure to comply with these regulations might cause harm to the working staff and damage to property. All the inspections and tests must only be carried out by specially trained personnel.. 10.2 Checking ratings Inquire whether the equipment ratings are consistent with those of the system, namely: - auxiliary voltage - the rated phase and ground currents; this check must be performed by checking the position of the jumpers located on the boards (see figures. 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d). - the setting of the output relays (if normally energized or normally de-energized); this check must be performed by checking the position of the jumper located on the card (see figures 4e, 4f). - the presence of the special S6 jumper, see figure 2, if the communication card is supplied and if the network is present.

I CAUTION
hazardous voltages can remain in the unit even in the absence of power supply, or after it has been pulled out of its casing (condensers' storage) 10.3 Final inspection Feed the unit with auxiliary voltage. On starting the device after a long time of power failure, the device can show an 'L' (internal clock) type fault, a NOT VITAL fault which does not compromise the remaining functions. By updating DATE and TIME, the normal working conditions are reinstated. If the system is running and the relay settings are unknown, the unit must be inhibited from operating before feeding it with voltage by pressing the "change settings" key (see 5.14 and 7.1.13 clause 2) to avoid troubles. Select the rated frequency of the system on the device, set the primary current of the phase CT and the primary current of the ground protection CT. Makes the settings and configure the relays, the LED's and the digital inputs as per the project diagrams.

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MX3IPD1A / B
Since the unit is equipped with a self-monitoring system, all hardware and software failures possibly occurring are automatically detected; this makes it useless to test the thresholds for accuracy, which can however be tested by making reference to the tolerances specified by the manufacturer. As regards the time values, please refer to the formulae in paragraph 3.1. As far as the directional thresholds are concerned, carefully consider the phase relation between test voltage and current and, as regards the directional ground thresholds only,and for only model MX3IPD1A to the tripping relation: Io [mA] + Uo [V]20. It is however advisable to perform the following tests: Feeder Test - Check that the burden of the auxiliary voltage circuit falls within the 5 to 10W range as far as the d.c. supply is concerned, and within the 10 to 20VA range as far as the a.c. supply is concerned. The feeder is protected by a special 5x20 2 A rapid fuse, class IEC127/II, as regards the unit with 19-100Vcc (or 1972Vca) auxiliary voltage, and a 1A fuse as regards the unit with 64-300Vcc (or 64-275Vca) auxiliary voltage. Checking connections - Inject a current signal to the line CTs and the toroidal CT , if any, and check the consistency with the information displayed in the MEASUREMENT menu. - With the protection working, check that the ground current and voltage signals are not present in the MEASUREMENT menu. The presence of ground fault current or voltage demands the CT's and VT's secondary connections to be inspected: a signal that is twice the phase value can indicate the occurrence of a phase reversal, whereas a signal equalling the phase value indicates the occurrence of a phase interruption. - Check the MEASUREMENT menu for the presence of the correct voltage signal. -Test each output relay as indicated in the TEST MENU paragraph, and simultaneously test the corresponding external circuit. - Check that the wiring of the digital inputs corresponds to the arrangement provided on the wiring diagrams. Checking the tripping direction for the directional thresholds - La direzione di scatto per le soglie direzionali dipende oltre che dalle polarit dei TA e TV ,dall'angolo caratteristico Io^Uo impostato, ne consegue quindi una difficolt oggettiva di parlare di direzione di scatto senza conoscere a priori tali parametri. Lo scopo del paragrafo quindi quello di verificare la corretta corrispondenza tra l'inserzione in campo del rel e lo schema di inserzione riportato in figura 5, solo in tale condizione, possibile definire in modo inequivocabile la direzione di intervento della protezione per un certo angolo impostato. La protezione inserita come da figura 5, interverr per guasti a terra nella direzione della linea per impostazione dell'angolo Io^Uo caratteristico compreso tra 0 e +90 e tra +270 e 359 (vedi paragrafo 3.3) .

MDE/C133 2651 001


- The correct correspondence between the location of the protection and the diagram in figure 5 is checked by measuring the phase difference between the ground current Io and the ground fault voltage Uo, which are artificially created by the test circuit as shown in figure 7. - By disconnecting a phase on the VT's primary side, e.g. phase L1, and by short-circuiting the relevant star secondary winding, with open delta, a voltage equalling the rated voltage of the open delta (e.g. 100:3V) and displaced as to the missing voltage L1 by 180 (U =-E ) is obtained. The "ground" fault current is simulated in various ways, depending on whether the protection is connected with a toroidal CT or with the common return of three CT's (Holmgreen connection). When the connection is made with a toroidal CT, the test current is duly produced and adjusted in value by an RR resistance located on the E (or E ) star phase. It is important that the test current gets into the toroidal CT as shown in the figure, in the direction of the line; if necessary, to increase the current value, the test wire can be coiled by several turns round the toroidal CT's core. In these conditions, the device corresponds to the diagram in figure 5 if the Io^Uo angle displayed in the measurement value proves to be +120C (with resistance loaded on phase L2, this angle must be +240C). When the protection is connected with the common return of three CT's in Holmgreen connection, the test can be performed by short-circuiting the two CT's that correspond to phases L2 and L3: in this case, the Io current equals I and, calling (delayed current positive) the current phase difference as to its star voltage, the Io^Uo angle must equal (360 - ). - With the protection connected as shown in fig. 5, the protection trips in the line direction by setting Io^Uo to an angle falling within the range 0 to +90 and +270 to 359. Check that the characteristic angle envisaged in the setting table suits the diagram made to have the protection trip in the desired direction. If the current and voltage thresholds are exceeded by the simulated test values and the current is within the protection's tripping area, refer to paragraph 3.3, the protection can trip during the test. If the relay has not worked correctly or shows VITAL failures, it must be put out of order and sent back to the factory for repair or recalibration. The presence of a NON-VITAL fault does not cause an ill-timed operation, but demands an analysis of the fault type to assess its importance (for instance, a failing end relay should be replaced with another end relay that is not currently being used or, else, whose function is not strictly required). The possibility of exchanging the relays makes it possible to maintain the protection scheme working during repairs, so that any faulty relay can be replaced with a new one of the same type.
12-11 L1 L3 L2 L1

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MX3IPD1A / B
To complete the set-up stage, before setting the system at work, ensure that: - the device settings match the project settings. Carefully ensure that the set characteristic angle complies with the protection's connection diagram and the desired tripping direction. - the device bears the correct alphanumeric code, if any, that identifies it. - all the device memories (LEDs, maximum values, partial counters and wear index) are reset. - the green Uaux and RUN LEDs are on with permanent light; in the event of network connection, the green RxTx LED must be on, too. - the explanatory labels of the LEDs and the general characteristics of the device bear the correct information. The relay can be left with the display showing any of the windows of the main display menus.

MDE/C133 2651 001

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MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

CURVA A t [s]
10000

1000

100

K 30 15 8

10

4 2 1

0.5 0.25 0.15 0.08

0.1

0.04

0.01

0.01 1 10 100

I/I>

fig. 3a

0.14 x K t= ( I / I> )0.02 - 1


The characteristic is valid within the measurement range: 0 50 In for phase protection 0 0.8 Ion for ground protection

+ 0.02

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MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

CURVA B t [s]
10000

1000

100

K 30 10 15 8 4 1 2 1 0.5 0.25 0.1 0.15 0.08 0.04 0.01

0.01 1 10 100

I/I>

fig. 3b

13.5 x K t= ( I / I> )1 - 1
The characteristic is valid within the measurement range: 0 50 In for phase protection 0 0.8 Ion for ground protection

+ 0.02

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MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

CURVA C t [s]
10000

1000

100

10 K 30 15 1 8 4 2 1 0.1 0.5 0.25 0.15 0.08 0.04 0.01 0.01 1 10 100

I/I>

fig. 3c

80 x K t= ( I / I> )2 - 1
The characteristic is valid within the measurement range: 0 50 In for phase protection 0 0.8 Ion for ground protection

+ 0.02

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MX3IPD1A / B
RATED PHASE CURRENT In: 1A Position of jumpers n S3,S7,S8,S9
TOP VIEW

MDE/C133 2651 001


RATED PHASE CURRENT In: 5A Position of jumpers n S3,S7,S8,S9
TOP VIEW

RELAY FRONT

RELAY FRONT

fig. 4a

fig. 4b

RATED GROUND CURRENT Ion: 1A Position of jumpers n S4,S10


TOP VIEW

RATED GROUND CURRENT Ion: 5A Position of jumpers n S4,S10


TOP VIEW

RELAY FRONT

RELAY FRONT

fig. 4c

fig. 4d

RELAYS NORMALLY DE-ENERGIZED Position of jumpers n S1


TOP VIEW

RELAYS NORMALLY ENERGIZED Position of jumpers n S1


TOP VIEW

RELAY FRONT

RELAY FRONT

fig. 4.e

fig. 4f

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MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

fig. 5

pag. 35

MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

OVERALL DIMENSIONS

The casing can also be panelmounted on a 19" rack type R4MX3 4U in height

DRILLING TEMPLATE

TERMINALS

fig. 6

pag. 36

MX3IPD1A / B

TRIP DIRECTION WITH Io^Uo +270 0 +90 CARRENT FLOW

TRIP DIRECTION WITH Io^Uo +270 0 +90 CARRENT FLOW

fig. 7

MDE/C133 2651 001

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MX3IPD1A / B
CAUTION:

MDE/C133 2651 001

Factory settings can prove not to suit the plant. Therefore, the device must be configured anew upon installation.

tab. A - FACTORY SETTINGS


RELAY 1 2 3 4 5 X X X X X X X / / / X X X X X X X / / / / / / X X / / / X / / / X CONTROL MATRIX DESCRIPTION delayed starting of first phase threshold first phase threshold tripping delayed start. of second phase threshold second phase threshold tripping delayed starting of third phase threshold third phase threshold tripping tripping for current IA tripping for current IB tripping for current IC delayed starting of first ground threshold first ground threshold tripping delayed starting of second ground thresh. second ground threshold tripping delayed starting of third ground threshold third ground threshold tripping delayed starting of ground voltage thresh. ground voltage threshold tripping autoreclose out autoreclose in close breaker autoreclose waiting neutralization reclose failure breaker opening failure tripping tX1 timer overtime tX2 timer overtime tX3 timer overtime first digital input fed second digital input fed third digital input fed fourth digital input fed fifth digital input fed minimum pulse width bistable operation end relays normally de-energized LEDS 3 4 5 6 7 8 X X X X X / / / / / / / / / X X X X X / / / X / / / / / / X / / /

FUNCTION I> START I> TRIP I>> START I>> TRIP I>>> START I>>> TRIP IA TRIP IB TRIP IC TRIP Io> START Io> TRIP Io>> START Io>> TRIP

1 2

/ X

Io>>> START Io>>> TRIP Uo>>>>START Uo>>>> TRIP 79 OFF X 79 ON X79 t_R t_N BLOCC 79 BF TRIP t_X1 TRIP t_X2 TRIP t_X3 TRIP IN DIG 1 IN DIG IN DIG IN DIG IN DIG t_IMP 2 3 4 5 / / / / / X X X /

MEMOR

X X X X / not to be allocated X allocated

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MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

tab. B - FACTORY SETTINGS


CONTROL MATRIX DESCRIPTION input enabled by normal de-energizing first phase threshold tripping lock second phase threshold tripping lock third phase threshold tripping lock first ground threshold tripping lock second ground threshold tripping lock third ground threshold tripping lock maximum ground voltage tripping lock autoreclose off circuit breaker closed circuit breaker manual reclose circuit breaker manual open tX1 timer starting tX2 timer starting tX3 timer starting switching to spare settings LED's and output relays reset FUNCTION BLOC. I> BLOC. I>> BLOC. I>>> BLOC. Io> BLOC. Io>> BLOC. Io>>> BLOC.Uo>>>> OFF 79 X52 CH52 AP52 t_X1 t_X2 t_X3 SETTINGS SWITCH RESET (LED+Xmem) X X / / / / / X / / / / / DIGITAL INPUTS 1 2 3 4

/ /

/ X

/ not to be allocated X allocated

pag. 39

MX3IPD1A / B
CAUTION:

MDE/C133 2651 001

Factory settings can prove not to suit the plant. Therefore, the device must be configured anew upon installation.

tab. C - FACTORY SETTINGS


TABLE OF SETTINGS DESCRIPTION rated frequency rated ground voltage rated phase current rated ground current phase CT's primary rated current ground CT's primary rated current first phase threshold I> starting signalling delay I> 0) tripping delay characteristic definite time 1) inverse time (IEC 255), multiplier I> 2) threshold tripping interrupt second phase threshold I>> starting signalling delay I>> tripping delay third phase threshold I>>> starting signalling delay I>>> tripping delay I>>> third threshold doubling time first ground threshold Io> starting signalling delay direction/non-directional threshold ground voltage threshold3) characteristic angle3) Io> 0) tripping delay characteristic definite time 1) inverse time (IEC 255), multiplier
2)

FUNCTION ON fn Uon In Ion In TA Ion TA I> tstart type t1 K(t1)


I>>I>>> BLOCI>

MAIN OFF VALUE 50 Hz 100 V 5A 1A 100 A 100 A X 1.5 In 0s INDEPEN 1s 4 X X 5 In 0s 0.5 s 15 In 0s 0.02 s X X 0.3 s 0.002 Ion 0s DIREZ 0.05 Uon + 90 INDIPEN 0.5 s 1 X X 0.01 Ion 0s DIREZ 0.05 Uon + 90 0.2 s 0.05 Ion 0s DIREZ 0.05 Uon + 90 0.02 s X X X X ON / / / / / / X

SPARE OFF / / / / / / VALUE / / / / / / 1.5 In 0s INDIPEN 1s 4 5 In 0s 0.5 s 15 In 0s 0.02 s / / 0.002 Ion 0s DIREZ 0.05 Uon + 90 INDIPEN 0.5 s 1 0.01 Ion 0s DIREZ 0.05 Uon + 90 0.2 s 0.05 Ion 0s DIREZ 0.05 Uon + 90 0.02 s

2)

I>> tstart t2 I>>> tstart t3 t (*2) Io> tstart


DIREZ/NON DIR

/ X

2)

Uo> Io^Uo tipo to1 K(to1)


I>>I>>> BLOCI>

Io> threshold tripping interrupt second ground threshold Io>> starting signalling delay direction/non-directional threshold ground voltage threshold3) characteristic angle3) Io>> tripping delay third ground threshold Io>>> starting signalling delay direction/non-directional threshold ground voltage threshold3) characteristic angle3) Io>>> tripping delay

Io>> tstart
DIREZ/NON DIR.

Uo>> Io^Uo to2 Io>>> tstart


DIREZ/NON DIR.

Uo>>> Io^Uo to3

0 ) INDEPENdent (definite) or dependent time:CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C 1 ) parameter enabled with I> threshold tripping delay characteristic of INDEPEN type

2 ) parameter enabled with I>threshold tripping delay characteristic of CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C type 3 )parameter present with directional threshold

pag. 40

MX3IPD1A / B
CAUTION:

MDE/C133 2651 001

Factory settings can prove not to suit the plant. Therefore, the device must be configured anew upon installation.

tab. C - FACTORY SETTINGS (continued)


TABLE OF SETTINGS DESCRIPTION ground voltage threshold Uo>>>> starting signalling delay Uo>>>> tripping delay reclose first reclose waiting time second reclose waiting time third reclose waiting time fourth reclose waiting time fifth reclose waiting time neutralization time TN1 neutralization time TN2 neutralization time TN3 neutralization time TN4 neutralization time TN5 neutralization time TN6 I> recloser starting I>> recloser starting I>>> recloser starting Io> recloser starting Io>> recloser starting Io>>> recloser starting starting tR from 4) starting tN from 5) spare setting during tR1 - tN1 spare setting during tR2 - tN2 spare spare spare spare setting setting setting setting during tR3 - tN3 during tR4 - tN4 during tR5 - tN5 during tN6 FUNCTION ON Uo>>>> tstart tUo 79 tR1 tR2 tR3 tR4 tR5 tN1 tN2 tN3 tN4 tN5 tN6 I> TRIP I>> TRIP I>>> TRIP Io> TRIP Io>> TRIP Io>>> TRIP START tR START tN RIS. tR1+tN1 RIS. tR2+tN2 RIS. tR3+tN3 RIS. tR4+tN4 RIS. tR5+tN5 RIS. tN6 t_BF t_imp t_X1 t_X2 t_X3 t_52 X 0.10 s 30.0 s 180.00 180.00 180.00 180.00 180.00 s s s s s X MAIN OFF VALUE 0.10 Uon 0s 1s / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / 0.15 s 0.1 s 1s 5s 10 s 0.03 s TRIP 2s timed LCD back-lighting: OFF / / / / / / / / ON SPARE OFF X VALUE 0.10 Uon 0s 1s / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / /

/ / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / /

180.00 s 180.00 s 180.00 s 30.00 s 1-2 1-2 1-2 1-2 1-2 1-2 TRIP & X52 X79 X X X X X X X

breaker opening failure time minimum pulse width of end relays additional timer additional timer additional timer breaker arcing time fault recorder trigger fault recorder pre-trigger time settings in use: MAIN

/ not to be allocated: the same values as MAIN settings apply

4 ) TRIP for time count starting in the protection trip or TRIP & 52 count starting in the tripping and real breaker opening 5 ) X79 for time count starting in the protection trip or X52 for starting from real state of breaker closing

pag. 41

MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

tab. D
RELAY 1 2 3 4 5 CONTROL MATRIX DESCRIPTION delayed starting of first phase threshold first phase threshold tripping delayed start. of second phase threshold second phase threshold tripping delayed starting of third phase threshold third phase threshold tripping tripping for current IA tripping for current IB tripping for current IC delayed starting of first ground threshold first ground threshold tripping delayed starting of second ground thresh. second ground threshold tripping delayed starting of third ground threshold third ground threshold tripping delayed starting of ground voltage thresh. ground voltage threshold tripping / / / / / autoreclose in autoreclose out close breaker autoreclose waiting neutralization reclose failure breaker opening failure tripping tX1 timer overtime tX2 timer overtime tX3 timer overtime first digital input fed second digital input fed third digital input fed fourth digital input fed fifth digital input fed minimum pulse width bistable operation end relays normally de-energized end relays normally energized LEDS 2 3 4 5 6 7

FUNCTION I> START I> TRIP I>> START I>> TRIP I>>> START I>>> TRIP IA TRIP IB TRIP IC TRIP Io> START Io> TRIP Io>> START Io>> TRIP Io>>> START Io>>> TRIP Uo>>>>START Uo>>>> TRIP

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / / /

/ /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

BF TRIP t_X1 TRIP t_X2 TRIP t_X3 TRIP IN DIG 1 IN DIG 2 IN DIG 3 IN DIG 4 IN DIG 5 t_IMP MEMOR / / / / / / / /

not to be allocated

pag. 42

MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

tab. E
CONTROL MATRIX DESCRIPTION input enabled by normal de-energizing first phase threshold tripping lock second phase threshold tripping lock third phase threshold tripping lock first ground threshold tripping lock second ground threshold tripping lock third ground threshold tripping lock maximum ground voltage tripping lock autoreclose off circuit breaker closed circuit breaker manual reclose circuit breaker manual open tX1 timer starting tX2 timer starting tX3 timer starting switching to spare settings LED's and output relays reset FUNCTION BLOC. I> BLOC. I>> BLOC. I>>> BLOC. Io> BLOC. Io>> BLOC. Io>>> BLOC.Uo>>>> OFF 79 X52 CH52 AP52 t_X1 t_X2 t_X3 SETTINGS SWITCH RESET (LED+Xmem) / DIGITAL INPUTS 1 2 3 4

/ / / / /

/ / / / /

/ /

/ X

not to be allocated

pag. 43

MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

tab. F
TABLE OF SETTINGS DESCRIPTION rated frequency rated ground voltage rated phase current rated ground current phase CT's primary rated current ground CT's primary rated current first phase threshold I> starting signalling delay I> 0) tripping delay characteristic definite time 1) inverse time (IEC 255), multiplier I> 2) threshold tripping interrupt second phase threshold I>> starting signalling delay I>> tripping delay third phase threshold I>>> starting signalling delay I>>> tripping delay I>>> third threshold doubling time first ground threshold Io> starting signalling delay direction/non-directional threshold ground voltage threshold characteristic angle3) Io> 0) tripping delay characteristic definite time 1) inverse time (IEC 255), multiplier
3)

FUNCTION ON fn Uon In Ion In TA Ion TA I> tstart type t1 K(t1)


I>>I>>> BLOCI>

MAIN OFF VALUE ON / / / / / /

SPARE OFF / / / / / / VALUE / / / / / /

2)

I>> tstart t2 I>>> tstart t3 t (*2) Io> tstart


DIREZ/NON DIR

2)

Uo> Io^Uo tipo to1 K(to1)


I>>I>>> BLOCI>

Io> 2) threshold tripping interrupt second ground threshold Io>> starting signalling delay direction/non-directional threshold ground voltage threshold3) characteristic angle Io>> tripping delay third ground threshold Io>>> starting signalling delay direction/non-directional threshold ground voltage threshold characteristic angle3) Io>>> tripping delay
3) 3)

Io>> tstart
DIREZ/NON DIR.

Uo>> Io^Uo to2 Io>>> tstart


DIREZ/NON DIR.

Uo>>> Io^Uo to3

0 ) INDEPENdent (definite) or dependent time:CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C 1 ) parameter enabled with I> threshold tripping delay characteristic of INDEPEN type

2 ) parameter enabled with I>threshold tripping delay characteristic of CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C type 3 )parameter present with directional threshold

pag. 44

MX3IPD1A / B

MDE/C133 2651 001

tab. F - (continued)
TABLE OF SETTINGS DESCRIPTION ground voltage threshold Uo>>>> starting signalling delay Uo>>>> tripping delay reclose first reclose waiting time second reclose waiting time third reclose waiting time fourth reclose waiting time fifth reclose waiting time neutralization time TN1 neutralization time TN2 neutralization time TN3 neutralization time TN4 neutralization time TN5 neutralization time TN6 I> recloser starting I>> recloser starting I>>> recloser starting Io> recloser starting Io>> recloser starting Io>>> recloser starting starting tR from 4) starting tN from 5) spare setting during spare setting during spare setting during spare setting during tR1 tR2 tR3 tR4 tN1 tN2 tN3 tN4 FUNCTION ON Uo>>>> tstart tUo 79 tR1 tR2 tR3 tR4 tR5 tN1 tN2 tN3 tN4 tN5 tN6 I> TRIP I>> TRIP I>>> TRIP Io> TRIP Io>> TRIP Io>>> TRIP START tR START tN RIS. tR1+tN1 RIS. tR2+tN2 RIS. tR3+tN3 RIS. tR4+tN4 RIS. tR5+tN5 RIS. tN6 t_BF t_imp t_X1 t_X2 t_X3 t_52 / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / MAIN OFF VALUE ON SPARE OFF VALUE

spare setting during tR5 - tN5 spare setting during tN6 breaker opening failure time minimum pulse width of end relays additional timer additional timer additional timer breaker arcing time fault recorder trigger fault recorder pre-trigger time settings in use: MAIN setting in use: SPARE

timed LCD back-lighting: ON timed LCD back-lighting: OFF

/ not to be allocated: the same values as the MAIN settings apply

4 ) TRIP for time count starting in the protection trip or TRIP & 52 count starting in the tripping and real breaker opening 5 ) X79 for time count starting in the protection trip or X52 for starting from real state of breaker closing

pag. 45

MX3IPD1A / B
APPENDIX A - Network data exchange

MDE/C133 2651 001

VARIABLE DESCRIPTION Identification trade name alphanumeric code rated phase current rated ground current Setting Data (main and spare) settings in use date of last change time of last change current language rated frequency rated ground voltage LCD setting pulse width of end relays breaker arcing time timer t_X1 time timer t_X2 time timer t_X3 time first phase threshold included/excluded first phase threshold value first phase threshold starting delay tripping delay characteristic type for first phase threshold time t1 (or K) for first phase threshold first phase threshold tripping interrupt included/excluded second phase threshold included/excluded second phase threshold value second phase threshold starting delay second phase threshold tripping delay third phase threshold included/excluded third phase threshold value third phase threshold starting delay third phase threshold tripping delay power-on detection (third threshold doubling) includ./exclud. threshold doubling time value first ground threshold included/excluded first ground threshold value first ground threshold starting delay directional/non-directional first ground threshold first ground voltage threshold value first ground threshold characteristic angle tripping delay characteristic type for first ground threshold time t1 (or K) for first ground threshold first ground threshold tripping interrupt included/excluded second ground threshold included/excluded second ground threshold value second ground threshold starting delay directional/non-directional second ground threshold second ground voltage threshold value second ground threshold characteristic angle second ground threshold tripping delay third ground threshold included/excluded third ground threshold value third ground threshold starting delay directional/non-directional third ground threshold third ground voltage threshold value third ground threshold characteristic angle third ground threshold tripping delay ground voltage threshold included/excluded ground voltage threshold value ground voltage threshold starting delay ground voltage threshold tripping delay breaker failure threshold included/excluded

DIRECTION

TIMING

relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre

AR AR AR AR

relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay

AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR

pag. 46

MX3IPD1A / B
DESCRIPTION VARIABLE breaker failure tripping time phase CT's primary rated current ground CT's primary rated current Autoreclose Data autoreclose included/excluded reclousures associated to I> threshold reclousures associated to I>> threshold reclousures associated to I>>> threshold reclousures associated to Io> threshold reclousures associated to Io>> threshold reclousures associated to Io>>> threshold reclaim time first reclousure reclaim time second reclousure reclaim time third reclousure reclaim time fourth reclousure reclaim time fifth reclousure first reset time second reset time third reset time fourth reset time fifth reset time reclousure reclaim time starting mode reclousure reset time starting mode change autoreclose setting during tR1+tN1 change autoreclose setting during tR2+tN2 change autoreclose setting during tR3+tN3 change autoreclose setting during tR4+tN4 change autoreclose setting during tR5+tN5 Present measurements ground current ground voltage groud current and ground voltage angle IA current IB current IC current phase CT's primary rated current ground CT's primary rated current Maximum measurements max. ground current max. ground voltage max. IA current max. IB current max. IC current phase CT's primary rated current ground CT's primary rated current Wear index ground wear index IA wear index IB wear index IC wear index RCE - Event Logging event date / time first phase threshold starting first phase threshold tripping second phase threshold starting second phase threshold tripping third phase threshold starting third phase threshold tripping first ground threshold starting first ground threshold tripping second ground threshold starting DIRECTION relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay

MDE/C133 2651 001


TIMING AR AR AR

ON/OFF ON/OFF ON/OFF ON/OFF ON/OFF

relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay

AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR

relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre

T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR

relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre

AR AR AR AR AR AR AR

relay--> relay--> relay--> relay-->

centre centre centre centre

AR AR AR AR

relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre

VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR

pag. 47

MX3IPD1A / B
DESCRIPTION VARIABLE second ground threshold tripping third ground threshold starting third ground threshold tripping ground voltage threshold starting ground voltage threshold tripping breaker failure starting breaker failure tripping state lock autoreclose state of digital input 1 state of digital input 2 state of digital input 3 state of digital input 4 state of digital input 5 state of timer tX_1 state of timer tX_2 state of timer tX_3 States first phase threshold tripping second phase threshold tripping third phase threshold tripping first ground threshold tripping second ground threshold tripping third ground threshold tripping ground voltage threshold tripping breaker failure tripping state of digital input 1 state of digital input 2 state of digital input 3 state of digital input 4 state of digital input 5 state lock reclousure state autoreclose state of timer tX_1 state of timer tX_2 state of timer tX_3 Locks first phase threshold lock second phase threshold lock third phase threshold lock first ground threshold lock second ground threshold lock third ground threshold lock max. ground voltage threshold lock autoreclose exclusion lock Interlocks and intertripping phase interlock ground interlock breaker failure interlock Counters total tripping events of first phase threshold partial tripping events of first phase threshold total tripping events of second phase threshold partial tripping events of second phase threshold total tripping events of third phase threshold partial tripping events of third phase threshold total tripping events of first ground threshold partial tripping events of first ground threshold total tripping events of second ground threshold partial tripping events of second ground threshold total tripping events of third ground threshold partial tripping events of third ground threshold total tripping events of ground voltage threshold DIRECTION relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre

MDE/C133 2651 001


TIMING VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR

relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre

AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.)

centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay

AV AV AV AV AV AV AV AV

other relays--> relay--> other relays other relays--> relay--> other relays other relays--> relay--> other relays

AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.)

relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre

AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR

pag. 48

MX3IPD1A / B
DESCRIPTION VARIABLE partial tripping events of ground voltage threshold total tripping events of breaker failure threshold partial tripping events of breaker failure threshold partial R1 reclousures total R1 reclousures partial R2 reclousures total R2 reclousures partial R3 reclousures total R3reclousures partial R4 reclousures total R4 reclousures partial R5 reclousures total R5 reclousures DIRECTION relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre

MDE/C133 2651 001


TIMING AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR

Events date relay--> centre time relay--> centre tripping threshold relay--> centre eventuale blocco richiusura relay--> centre valore di corrente di guasto omopolare relay--> centre valore della tensione omopolare di guasto relay--> centre valore dello sfasamento tra corrente e tensione omop. di guasto relay--> centre IA fault current value relay--> centre IB fault current value relay--> centre IC fault current value relay--> centre Output relays X1 setting X2 setting X3 setting X4 setting X5 setting LEDs L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 L8

AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR

relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay

AR AR AR AR AR

setting setting setting setting setting setting setting setting

relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay

AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR

Digital inputs input 1 setting input 1 setting activ HIGH/LOW input 2 setting input 2 setting activ HIGH/LOW input 3 setting input 3 setting activ HIGH/LOW input 4 setting input 4 setting activ HIGH/LOW input 5 setting input 5 setting activ HIGH/LOW Diagnostic Reset LED's relay resettable counters max. measurements wear index

relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre

AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AV

centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay

AR AR AR AR AR

pag. 49

MX3IPD1A / B
DESCRIPTION VARIABLE Commands output relay enable settings switch settings switch alive time Fault recorder fault recorder starting parameters fault recorder pre-trigger time fault recorder trigger command fault recorder resetting command fault recorder data Clock date time date time DIRECTION

MDE/C133 2651 001


TIMING

centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay

AV and AR AV AR

relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay relay--> centre

AR AR AR AR AR

centre--> relay centre--> relay relay--> centre relay--> centre

S S AR AR

LEGEND AR aperiodic message AV (a.p.) aperiodic variable sent on high-priority variation AV aperiodic variable sent on variation VP variable on request T periodic variable with periods ranging from 1 to 5 s S sincronization

pag. 50

ALSTOM T&D Protection & Cntrole is bound by the foregoing specifications, dimensions and diagrams only after confirmation.

ABCD
ALSTOM FIR S.p.a. - via Viscardi, 5 - 24016 SAN PELLEGRINO T. - BG - ITALIA Tel. ++39 0345 28111 - Fax ++39 0345 22590 - Telex 301152 FIR I - E-mail: alstom.fir@tde.alstom.com