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SEMINAR

PAPER BATTERY

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I wish to use this opportunity to express our gratitude to person who provided all the facilities to complete my seminar successfully. I wish to express our sincere gratitude to Dr.Paul.K.Mathew, Principal and Miss.Neethu Paul, Head of the Department of Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering for their constant encouragement and valuable suggestions. I would take this opportunity to thank Mr.Arun.K.L, Mr.Rony .K.Thomas and our staff members in charge of this work for their constant help and encouragement without which this seminar would have remained a distant dream. Also I express my gratitude to my parents, batch mates for their support in this venture. Last but not least I thank almighty GOD for his blessings without which this seminar would not have been possible

Dept. Of AEI,MBCCET,Peermade

SEMINAR

PAPER BATTERY

ABSTRACT
The Batteries form a significant part of many electronic devices. Typical electrochemical batteries or cells convert chemical energy into electrical energy. Batteries based on the charging ability are classified into primary and secondary cells. Secondary cells are widely used because of their rechargeable nature. Presently, battery takes up a huge amount of space and contributes to a large part of the device's weight. There is strong recent interest in ultrathin, flexible, safe energy storage devices to meet the various design and power needs of modern gadgets. New research suggests that carbon nanotubes may eventually provide the best hope of implementing the flexible batteries which can shrink our gadgets even more. The paper batteries could meet the energy demands of the next generation gadgets. A paper battery is a flexible, ultra-thin energy storage and production device formed by combining carbon nanotubes with a conventional sheet of cellulose-based paper. A paper battery acts as both a high-energy battery and super capacitor, combining two components that are separate in traditional electronics. This combination allows the battery to provide both long-term, steady power production and bursts of energy. Non-toxic, flexible paper batteries have the potential to power the next generation of electronics, medical devices and hybrid vehicles, allowing for radical new designs and medical technologies. The various types of batteries followed by the operation principle, manufacturing and working of paper batteries are discussed in detail.

Dept. Of AEI,MBCCET,Peermade

SEMINAR

PAPER BATTERY

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION 2. TERMINOLOGIES 3. PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION 4. TYPES OF BATTERIES 5. HAZARDS RELATED TO BATTERIES 6. PAPER BATTERY 7. CARBON NANOTUBES 8. FABRICATION OF PAPER BATTERY 9. WORKING 10. ADVANTAGES 11. LIMITATIONS 12. APPLICATIONS 13. CONCLUSION 14. REFERENCES 1 2 3 4 7 8 9 10 12 13 14 14 15 16

Dept. Of AEI,MBCCET,Peermade

SEMINAR

PAPER BATTERY

LIST OF FIGURES
Fig.1 Fig.2 Fig.3 Fig.4 Fig.5 Fig.6 Fig.7 Fig.8 Fig.9 SYMBOLS PRINCIPLE OPERATION PRIMARY & SECONDARY CELL USB CELL ELECTRONIC WASTE PAPER BATTERY CARBON NANOTUBES FABRICATION PROCESS WORKING 1 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 12

Dept. Of AEI,MBCCET,Peermade