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# Physics Module Form 5 Chapter 10: Radioactive

RADIOACTIVE DECAY 1. 2. Radioactive decay a process in which an unstable nucleus changes into a more stable nucleus by emitting radiation. 3 types of radioactive decay: Alpha decay Beta decay Gamma decay

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## Exercise 10.2.2 1. Uranium -238 (

238 92

U ) emits an alpha particle and disintegrates into a thorium atom. State the

## nucleon number and proton number of the thorium isotope formed.

2. Strontium - 90 (

90 38

Sr ) decays to yttrium-90

## Homework.. Mastery Practice 5.2 no.3

HALF-LIFE, T 1. Time taken for the number of undecayed nuclei to be reduced to half of its original number. Fraction Percentage Mass
Activity

Graph

t

T
1

## Physics Module Form 5 Chapter 10: Radioactive

Percentage Example: The radioactive atoms in a substance decay to become stable atom. It is found that after 288s, 6.25% of the atoms have not decayed. What is the half-life of the substance? Solution:

Mass Graph Example: The half-life of iodine131 is 8 days. A Activity radioactive sample contains 64g of 1600 iodine-131. Determine the mass of iodine 800 that has decayed and 200 has not decayed after 24 days. 0 25 T

t/min

(a) What is the half life of the sample? (b) State the value of T.