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Section 2

Introduction To Structures
2.1 NHI Video: Major Structures Inspection Bridge Types Bridge Terminology Bridge Terminology Exercise 1 13

Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Bridge Construction Inspector Training


Inspector Quality Assurance Program

Basic Bridge Types

Bridge Construction Inspector Training


Inspector Quality Assurance Program

Basic Bridge Types


Th There are generally ll 4 t types of fb bridges: id Beam Bridge Arch Bridge Suspension Bridge Cable Stayed Bridge

January 2012

Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Basic Bridge Types

Beam Arch Suspension

Cable Stayed

Bridge Construction Inspector Training


Inspector Quality Assurance Program

Beam Bridge
Common B C Beam B Bridge id T Types: PCPS concrete Slab/Box bridge PCPS concrete girder bridge (Bulb-I or Bulb-T) CIP Concrete Slab bridge CIP Post-Tensioned Box Girder bridge Steel plate girder bridge Truss bridge

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Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Beam Bridge Cross-Sections

Beam Bridge Cross-Sections

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Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Truss Bridge Types

Bridge Construction Inspector Training


Inspector Quality Assurance Program

Bridge Types

January 2012

Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Precast, Prestressed, Concrete Slab

Precast, Prestressed, Concrete Box Beam

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Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Precast, Prestressed, Concrete Girders

Steel Plate Girder

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Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Post-tensioned Box Girder

Through Truss

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Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Deck Truss

Arch

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Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Suspension

Cable Stayed
MILLAU VIADUCT The highest bridge in the world 8071 feet long Piers rise 803 feet high Supported by 7 pillars reaching 1125 feet high Cost of $523 Million

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Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Bridge Construction Inspector Training


Inspector Quality Assurance Program

Span Lengths
St t Structure Type T PCPS Slabs PCPS Box Beams CIP Concrete Slabs Precast Deck Girder PCPS Bulb-I & T Girders S Span R Range 70 feet 120 feet 50-66-50 feet (3 Span) 130 feet 180 feet +

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Span Lengths
St t Structure Type T CIP PT Box Girder Steel Plate girder Steel truss S Span Range R 300 feet 250 feet *

* Normally used for longer, multi-span continuous bridges.

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Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Bridge Construction Inspector Training


Inspector Quality Assurance Program

Part of Structures

Bridges can be divided into Two Parts. Substructure Superstructure

Bridge Construction Inspector Training


Inspector Quality Assurance Program

Substructure
Ab bridge id substructure b t t i includes: l d Foundations (Spread Footing, Pile Footing, Drilled Shafts) Abutments, Pile Caps Piers, Columns Crossbeams Beamseats

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11

Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Bridge Construction Inspector Training


Inspector Quality Assurance Program

Superstructure
Ab bridge id superstructure t t i includes: l d Bearing devices on the beam seats Girders Diaphragms Deck Other above-deck items such as curbs and rails

Bridge Construction Inspector Training


Inspector Quality Assurance Program

Bridge Terminology

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12

Introduction To Structures

Section 2.1

Bridge Construction Inspector Training


Inspector Quality Assurance Program

Bridge Terminology
Refer to the Glossary in Appendix A f additional for dditi l bridge b id terminology. t i l

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13

BRIDGE TERMINOLOGY EXERCISE


3) _________ 2) _______ 4) __________

1) __________

6) ________ 7) _______

8) _______ 11) _________ 9) ______ 12) _________ 10) _________

5) _______

TIMBER STRUCTURE TERMINOLOGY

TRUSS BRIDGE TERMINOLOGY