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Synopsis on

A Fair Fare System


Is submitted in partial fulfilments of the requirement of the Degree B.E (Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering)

By ANAND SIVASUBRAMANIAN SURAJ R IYER PRITAM V KADAM JAGDISH SOGAM

Under the guidance of Mrs. GAURI GORBAL

Department of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering


Shivajirao S. Jondhale College of Engineering Dombivali (E)

Samarth Samajs

SHIVAJIRAO S. JONDHLE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING DOMBIVALI (E)

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the following students have submitted the synopsis of the project entitled A Fair Fare System in partial fulfilment for BE (Electronics & Telecommunication) degree semester VII during the academic year 2011-12 as prescribed by University of Mumbai.

ANAND SIVASUBRAMANIAN SURAJ R IYER PRITAM V KADAM JAGDISH SOGAM

PROJECT GUIDE

EXTERNAL EXAMINAR EXAMINAR

INTERNAL

HEAD OF DEPARTMENT

PRINCIPAL

ABSTRACT

As we all know that there is cheating & corruption all around. Top to bottom everyone looks for the place to earn extra money, in other words, easy money. Hate to admit this but auto rickshaw meter tampering in India is quite common. The drivers get away with their devious plan because the current meter calculates fare based on the rotation of the vehicle. This system can be easily tampered with. Finally the burden comes on the shoulder of the middle class public. And big amount they pay extra as fare.

INDEX
Serial No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Title INTRODUCTION LITERATURE SURVEY PROBLEM STATEMENT PROPOSED WORK EXPECTED RESULTS WORK PLAN CONCLUSION REFERENCES Page. No. 5 6 8 10 12 13 16 17

INTRODUCTION

An auto rickshaw/Taxi is a vehicle for hire and it is one of the chief modes of transportation in India. A large number of people use these vehicles for their daily transportation and every time they pay extra amount as fare because there is no check on the reading of meter available. Hence it is necessary that we should have something that can cross check the reading of the meter and guide us the right fare amount. This daily problem of the public encouraged us to work in this area and we came with an idea of FAIR FARE SYSTEM for social benefit of all.

LITERATURE SURVEY A Typical Meter used in autos and taxis


A taximeter is a mechanical or electronic device installed in taxicabs and auto rickshaws that calculates passenger fares based on a combination of distance travelled and waiting time. It is the shortened form of the word "taxicab" that gives the "taximeter" its name. The modern taximeter was invented by German Wilhel Bruhn in 1891, and the Daimler Victoriathe world's first meter-equipped (and gasoline-powered) taxicabwas built by Gottlieb Daimler in 1897. Taximeters were originally mechanical and mounted outside the cab, above the driver's side front wheel. Meters were soon relocated inside the taxi, and in the 1980s electronic meters were introduced, doing away with the once-familiar ticking sound of the meter's timing mechanism. In some locations, taxicabs display a small illuminated sign indicating if they are free (available). In Argentina, this sign is called a "banderita" (little flag), a carryover term from the days of mechanical taximeters, in which a little flag was turned to wind up the mechanism. The flag would be hidden at the start of a trip and moved to the visible position at the end.

Tampering of the meter

The meter box of taxis and autos originally comprise of a 68-toothed wheel which is later replaced with a 56-toothed one (inset). Technically, the 68-teeth wheel takes more time to circle than the 56-teeth wheel, which indirectly raises the rate on the meter box. Locals are agitated with the issue since they claim that the union hasnt taken up this matter and has only raised issues concerning with livelihood and hardships of the auto men.

PROBLEM STATEMENT Existing System

The calculation of fare amount is calculated on the basis of number of wheel rotations of the vehicle. There is no such system available which can check whether the calculation shown by the meter is correct or not. If the driver has tampered the meter, the fare amount shown will be high but as no crosschecking is done, the passengers are forced to pay the extra money unknowingly. Though Untamperable Electronic Meters are available in the market, they are very costly and so, auto drivers do not install the costlier versions and stick to the ancient mechanical technology which can be tampered.

Drawbacks of the Existing System Tampering of the current system is very easy Passengers are forced to pay extra. Increases corruption and malpractices in society. Creates burden on the pocket of the public.

PROPOSED SYSTEM

Our proposed system will have a circuit inbuilt in the existing meter and will send the count of wheel rotation on Bluetooth frequency with the help of Bluetooth modem. This data can be received on the mobile of passenger after pairing their mobile with the Bluetooth device of the meter with the help of the meter ID printed on the meter The software in the mobile will calculate the fare amount on the basis of the data received by the meter. Now passenger can cross check the fare amount between mobile reading and the meter reading. If there is difference, then one can easily point out that there is tampering with the meter. The passenger will pay as per the mobile reading only.

PROPOSED WORK

The following will be the development steps so as to achieve the working prototype model of the above proposed system: Defining the problem, Understanding the need and usability in industry and society, Developing a Block Diagram, Designing Circuits of individual blocks, Testing circuits in Lab and finalizing, Developing the PCB on PC and getting it printed from the market, Mounting and soldering the components, Performing various basic tests to test the PCBs, Developing a Flowchart for the entire process, Writing the software program, Compiling , Testing and Debugging the program, Developing Flow Chart and Data Flow Diagram for Mobile Side Software, Finally running the system and, Documentation

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Hardware and Software Requirements


Hardware Requirements:1. 2. 3. 4. 89C52 Microcontroller 16x2 Liquid Crystal Display Bluetooth Modem IR Receiver & Transmitter

Software Requirements:1. Embedded C-Keil compiler 2. J2ME Based Mobile MIDlet programming 3. Bluetooth Programming JSR 82

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EXPECTED RESULTS
1. The actual rotation of the wheel is counted by our system. 2. It is then sent to the Bluetooth enabled mobile phone. 3. The Software in the Mobile Phone calculates the fare according to the data received and the passenger can cross check with the reading on the meter.

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WORK PLAN
We divide the proposed system into the following sub modules:

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The block diagram of our proposed system is as follows:-

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Algorithm of the proposed system

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CONCLUSION
By realization of the above proposed system one can learn many aspects of a digital electronic circuit. This will give the complete knowledge of designing microcontroller based system and developing embedded software We will also learn the software development strategies and various programming techniques for Mobile based applications

APPLICATIONS The proposed system can be installed and used for public transport services like auto rickshaws and taxis

LIMITATIONS & ENHANCEMENTS As every system in this world has some limitations, here are some listed for our proposed system: The passenger must have Bluetooth enabled handset The passenger must have the software installed on his handset

There is always scope for future enhancements in our system as Research &Development is an infinite process. The following enhancements can be done: Automatic complaint launching for tampered meter can be introduced. FARE chart can be integrated

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REFERENCES Embedded Books & Websites


Myke Predko, Programming & Customizing the 8051 Microcontroller, Edition 1999, Tata McGraw-hill, page:157-167 Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Janice Gillispie Mazidi, 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded Systems, Prentice-Hall, page:183-193,236,243 Dogan Ibrahim, Microcontroller Projects in C for the 8051, Newnes, page:29-16 Kenneth J. Ayala, The 8051 Microcontroller Architecture, Programming & Applications, West Publishing Company, page:131-197 Michael J. Pont, Embedded C, edition 2002, addition Wesley, page:57-87,217 www.beyondlogic.org www.discovercickets.com www.electronicsforu.com

Electronics Books & Websites


Ramakant A. Gayakwad, Op-Amp & Linear Integrated Circuits, 4th Edition, Prentice-hall, Page:342,417.455 Robert L. Boylestad, Louis Nashelsky, Electronics Device & circuit Theory, 10th Edition, Prentice-hall, Page:342,417.455 R. P. Jain , Digital Electronics, Tata Mc-Graw-hill www.electronic-circuits-diagrams.com www.circuitstoday.com www.circuitlake.com

Software Books & websites


Brian W. Kernighan, Dennis M. Ritchie, the C programming language, 1st Edition 1988,Prentice-Hall, ISBN 0-13-110370-9 SING LI & JONATHAN KNUDSEN, Beginning J2ME: From Novice to Professional, 3rd Edition 2005, Prentice-Hall, ISBN 1-59059-479-7

F. Other Books & Websites www.alldatasheets.com www.wekipedia.com www.keil.com www.hobbyprojects.com

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