You are on page 1of 7

TUGAS I (17-09-2012)

Hydrology is the study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including thehydrologic cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability hidrologi adalah ilmu yang mempelajari tentang terjadinya, pergerakan dan distribusi air di bumi, baik di atas maupun dibawah permukaan bumi, tentang sifat fisik, kimia air serta reaksinya terhadap lingkungan dan hubunganya dengan kehidupan. Yes hydrology are used in the planning of water resources, hydrology was used to estimate the available volume of water quality and quantity both, after which the data obtained in use on the planning and development of water resources system ya hidrologi digunakan dalam perencanaan sumber daya air, hidrologi digunakan untuk memperkirakan volume air yang tersedia baik itu kualitas maupun kuantitas, setelah itu data yang diperoleh di gunakan pada perencanaan dan sistem pengembangan sumber daya air

The global hydrological cycle explains the distribution of water as it moves as either a liquid, solid or vapour between the ocean, the atmosphere and the land. The total amount of water in the cycle is always the same; no water is added or lost. This is a good example of a closed system. The diagram shows the various stages of the hydrological cycle. Drag and drop the labels onto the correct stage in the cycle. Siklus hidrologi global menjelaskan distribusi air sebagai bergerak sebagai salah satu cairan, padat atau vapour antara samudera, atmosfer dan tanah. Jumlah air dalam siklus adalah selalu sama; tidak ada air ditambahkan atau kehilangan. Ini adalah contoh yang baik dari sebuah sistem yang tertutup. Diagram menunjukkan berbagai tahapan dari siklus hidrologi. Seret dan lepas label ke panggung benar dalam siklus.

1. Define Hydrology and discuss critically the statement through knowledge of Hydrology is a must for every water resource planning. =>Hydrology is the study of water in all its forms (rain, snow and water on the earths surface), and from its origins to all its destinations on the earth.

2. What is Hydrology Cycle and what it its importance? => The hydrology cycle is the continuous movement of water between the earth and the atmosphere.

The hydrologic cycle is important because it is how water reaches plants, animals and us! Besides providing people, animals and plants with water, it also moves things like nutrients, pathogens and sediment in and out of aquatic ecosystems. The water cycle is important because it ensure the availability of water for all living things. 95% of our world is water but most of it is either frozen or underground.and also purifies water ready for re-use.

Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_is_water_cycle_so_important#ixzz27Crwti c7 Siklus air penting karena memastikan ketersediaan air untuk semua makhluk hidup. 95% dari dunia kita adalah air tetapi sebagian besar adalah baik beku atau underground.and juga memurnikan air siap untuk digunakan kembali.

Why is the hydrologic cycle important? The hydrologic cycle is important because it is how water reaches plants, animals and us! Besides providing people, animals and plants with water, it also moves things like nutrients, pathogens and sediment in and out of aquatic ecosystems.

3. Discuss the use and importance of Hydrology in water resources development.

1.

hydrology is quite necessary in the planning of water resources for the science of hydrology we're taught to be able to estimate how much volume of water available. the result of the estimated amount of water volume, we can use as the initial stage in carrying out the activities of the planning of water resources according to the needs that are in want. (hidrologi sangat diperlukan pada perencanaan sumber daya air, sebab di dalam ilmu hidrologi kita di ajarkan untuk dapat memperkirakan berapa jumlah volume air yang tersedia. hasil dari perkiraan jumlah volume air , kita dapat gunakan sebagai tahap awal dalam melaksanakan kegiatan perencanaan sumber daya air sesuai dengan kebutuhan yang di inginkan)

hydrology is quite necessary in the planning of water resources, because in hydrology we're taught to be able to estimate how much volume of water available. the result of the estimated amount of water volume, we can use as the initial stage in carrying out the activities of the planning of water resources according to the needs that are in want.

Sebelum kita melksanakan pengembangan sumber daya air ada beberapa indicator yang harus dipenuhi yaitu;

Dalam hidrologi kita dituntut untuk mengumpulkan data-data yang berkaitan dalam pengembangan sumber daya air, namun data-data ini disesuaikan dengan pengembangan sumber daya air apa yang di inginkan. Adapun beberapa data-data yang diperlukan sebelum dilakukan pengembangan sumber daya air yaitu: 1. data hujan meliputi data Frekuensi hujan, durasi/lama hujan dan intensitas debit dan curah hujan 2. Data sungai meliputi data tinggi muka air dan debit sungai di suatu tempat tertentu

JAWABAN
1. Hydrology is the study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including thehydrologic cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability hydrology is quite necessary in the planning of water resources, because in hydrology we're taught to be able to estimate how much volume of water available. the result of the estimated amount of water volume, we can use as the initial stage in carrying out the activities of the planning of water resources according to the needs that are in want. 2. The global hydrological cycle explains the distribution of water as it moves as either a liquid, solid or vapour between the ocean, the atmosphere and the land. The total amount of water in the cycle is always the same; no water is added or lost. This is a good example of a closed system. The diagram shows the various stages of the hydrological cycle. Drag and drop the labels onto the correct stage in the cycle. The hydrologic cycle is important because it is how water reaches plants, animals and us! Besides providing people, animals and plants with water, it also moves things like nutrients, pathogens and sediment in and out of aquatic ecosystems. 3. usability study of hydrology in the development of water resources is information of some data.In hydrology, we are required to collect data that are associated in the development of water resources, however this data is adapted to the development of water resources what's wanted. As for some of the data that is required prior to the development of water resources, namely: 1. data includes rainfall Frequency data, duration of rain/long rainy and intensity of rainfall and discharge 2. Data of the river include high data face the water and the discharge of the River at a certain place After the data was only available in an analysis to be made reference in the process of developing water resources in accordance with the desired/required

TUGAS II (Tanggal 24-9-2012)


HIDROLOGI 1. figure shows a catchment with seven rain gauge station inside it and three station outside. The rainfalls recorded by each of these stations are indicated in the figure. draw the figure to an enlarge scale and calculate the mean precipitation. a. aritmstic mean method, b. thiessen mean methode, c. isohyetal methode
Gambar menunjukkan tangkapan dengan tujuh alat pengukur hujan stasiun di dalamnya dan tiga stasiun luar. Curah hujan yang direkam oleh masing-masing stasiun-stasiun ini ditunjukkan pada gambar. Menggambar Gambar untuk memperbesar skala dan menghitung rata-rata presipitasi. a. Metode aritmatik b. Metode thiessen c. Metode isohyets

2. following data are from a self recording rain gauge during a storm:
data berikut adalah dari alat pengukur hujan diri rekaman selama badai

Time from beginning a storm (minutes)


Waktu dari awal badai (menit)

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

Accumulated rainfall (mm)


Akumulasi curah hujan (mm)

19

41

48

68

91

124

152

160

166

a. Plot the hytograph of the storm b. Obtain the value of maximum intensities of this storm for various durations and plot a curve of maximum intensity versus duration. c. a. plot hytograph badai d. b. memperoleh nilai maksimum intensitas badai ini untuk berbagai durasi dan plot kurva intensitas maksimum versus durasi.

MEKANIKA FLUIDA Given: a vertical pipe containing oil (SG=0,91) with manometer attached as shown in Fig. as follow. (Diberikan: pipa vertikal yang berisi minyak (SG = 0, 91) dengan manometer terpasang seperti ditunjukkan pada gambar. sebagai berikut.) Required: Pressure in the oil at point A (Diperlukan: Tekanan dalam minyak pada titik a) following figure shows the schematic of drainage area that has been devided into three subcreas, with the characteristic of the shown. beginning with the upstream subarea, is the discharge into inlet-1 can be determined. since the time concentration is less then 15 minute, a duration of 15 minut will be used to obtain the rainfall intensitiy. the intensitiy for a 10 year event is 5,4 in/hr. determine the peak discharge of outlet
gambar berikut menunjukkan skema daerah drainase yang telah devided ke dalam tiga subcreas, dengan ciri khas ditunjukkan. dimulai dengan subarea Hulu, adalah pembuangan ke inlet-1 dapat ditentukan. karena konsentrasi waktu kurang kemudian 15 menit, durasi 15 minut akan digunakan untuk mendapatkan intensitiy curah hujan. intensitiy untuk acara 10 tahun 5,4 di / hr. menentukan pelepasan puncak outlet