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Beca Carter Hollings & Ferner Ltd

Design of 'Open' Bridge Abutment Describtion Makarau Bridge Abutment A User : WEP (mm) 305 Reaction: 50 kN 0 kN (mm) 1029

3-May-13 Project : Page : Surcharge Depth = 600 1207822 1 mm

Pae=(Kae-Ka)gH/2

DL LL

0 (mm)
C D

DLS

0 kN (mm) 0

(mm) 0
B A

H= 4038 (mm) 0.6 H

762 (mm) B=

2438

mm 24 18 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 kN/m^3 kN/m^3

L.L. + D.L. f= 30 deg

D.L.+ SEISMIC

Concrete wt. density = Soil weight density = Earth Pressure Factor = Seismic Load Factor = Live Load Factor = Dead Load Factor =

Ko = 0.50 Ka = 0.33 Co = 0.25 Kae = 0.52 Co = (Peak Ground Acceleration Coefficient) a= 0.24 d = friction coefficient = 35 deg

Calculations for 1 meter wide segment of Abutment Wta = Wtb = Wtc = Wtd = DLF * DLR = LLF * LLR = LLF * Surcharge LL = Rv = Base of Abutment Reaction : Earth Pressure Resultants : Static = Surcharge = Rh = Check Sliding (FoS = Rv tan(d) / Rh) Check Overturning (FoS = Mr / Mo) Stress Resultants on Base of Footing: x m Static Case: Seismic Case: 0.71 0.55 e m 0.51 0.67

Dead Load + Live Load Dead Load + Seismic kN/m m kN-m/m kN/m m 44.6 1.22 54.4 Seismic 11.1 0.38 0.0 1.10 0.0 Inertia 0.0 0.76 24.0 1.26 30.1 Forces 6.0 2.40 60.6 1.92 116.7 0.0 2.40 50.0 1.10 55.2 0.0 0.76 0.0 1.10 0.0 11.1 1.92 21.4 Mresisting = Mresisting = 190.3 Rv = 179.2 277.8 73.4 21.8 95.2 1.40 1.95 1.35 2.02 Moverturn = Sliding Fails 98.8 44.0 142.8 Static = Seismic = Rh = 48.9 27.2 93.2 1.35 1.63 1.35 2.69 Moverturn = Sliding OK

kN-m/m 4.2 0.0 14.4 0.0 0.0

256.4 65.8 73.1 157.6

Overturning OK

Overturning OK

Seismic Horizontal Forces include structure mass B/6 m 0.41 0.41 Axial kN/m^2 78 74 Mom kN/m^2 98 121 Toe kN/m^2 179 217 Heel kN/m^2 0 0

Notes : a) if Heel Pressure is zero then the stress over the bottom of the footing is triangular and acts over the length of 3 times distance "x" b) The inertia masses of the abutment and the soil sittng on the heel is included in the lateral forces acting on the abutment. The forces are calculated by multiplying the seismic masses by the Peak Ground Acceleration Coefficient.

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