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# Geometry

Vocabulary
Booklet

By Eamon Barkhordarian

## May 17, 2006

Acute triangle- a triangle whose interior angles are all
acute
Adjacent angle- Either of two angles having a
common side and a common vertex

from the center

## Diameter- A straight line segment passing through

the center of a figure, especially of a circle or sphere,
and terminating at the periphery

equal length

interior angle

sides parallel

## Radius- A line segment that joins the center of a

circle with any point on its circumference

## Rectangle- A four-sided plane figure with four right

angles
Right triangle- a triangle with one right angle

length

## Supplementary angle- The angle or arc that when

added to a given angle or arc makes 180° or a
semicircle

## Vertical angle- Either of two angles formed by two

intersecting lines and lying on opposite sides of the
point of intersection
FORMULAS
2
Area of a circle- r × pi

height

## Volume of a triangular prism- 1/2 × length × width ×

height
Vocabulary words----------------------------------------------------------------1-2
Acute triangle----------------------------------------------------------------------3
Area of a circle--------------------------------------------------------------------21
Area of a parallelogram----------------------------------------------------------21
Area of a triangle------------------------------------------------------------------21
Circle--------------------------------------------------------------------------------5
Circumference of a circle--------------------------------------------------------21
Complementary angles-----------------------------------------------------------6
Diameter----------------------------------------------------------------------------7
Equilateral triangle----------------------------------------------------------------8
Isosceles triangle------------------------------------------------------------------9
Obtuse triangle--------------------------------------------------------------------10
Parallelogram----------------------------------------------------------------------11
Perpendicular----------------------------------------------------------------------12
Rectangle--------------------------------------------------------------------------15
Right triangle----------------------------------------------------------------------16
Scalene triangle-------------------------------------------------------------------17
Supplementary angle-------------------------------------------------------------18
Trapezoid--------------------------------------------------------------------------19
Vertical angle---------------------------------------------------------------------20
Volume of a cylinder------------------------------------------------------------21
Volume of a rectangular prism-------------------------------------------------21
Volume of a triangular prism---------------------------------------------------21
Acute triangle
Acute triangle- a triangle whose interior angles are all
acute

## An acute triangle is a triangle in which all three

angles are acute angles. As you can see, angle A, B,
and C are all acute, causing this triangle to be an acute
triangle.

## All three angles are less than 90 degrees.

Adjacent angle- Either of two angles having a
common side and a common vertex

## In the diagram, angles 1 and 2 are adjacent angles.

So are angles 2 and 3, angles 3 and 4, and angles 4
and 1.

## Angle 1 is the same angle as angle 3, as angle 4 is

the same angle as angle 2.
Complementary angles
Complementary angles- Two angles whose sum is 90°

## Two angles are called complementary angles if the

sum of their degree measurements equals 90
degrees. One of the complementary angles is said to
be the complement of the other.

## Note that these two angles can be "pasted" together

to form a right angle.

## Then once you “paste” the two angles together, you

get a complementary angle.
Diameter
Diameter- A straight line connecting two opposite
points on the surface of a spherical or cylindrical
body.

## The diameter of a circle is the distance from a point

on the circle, to the opposite point.

## The diameter is 2x the radius and cuts straight

through the circle with a line from one point of the
circle, to the opposite point.
Equilateral Triangle
Equilateral triangle- A triangle that had all sides of
equal length

## An equilateral triangle also must have all angles the

same too, or else it would be impossible to create an
equilateral triangle.

As you can see, all the sides are the same, and so
are all the angles, making this an equilateral triangle.
Isosceles Triangle
Isosceles triangle- a triangle with two equal sides

## An isosceles triangle also must have two angles the

same, or else it would be impossible to create it.

## In the figure above, the two equal sides have length

and the remaining side has length . This property is
equivalent to two angles of the triangle being equal.
An isosceles triangle therefore has both two equal
sides and two equal angles.
Obtuse Triangle
Obtuse triangle- a triangle that contains an obtuse
interior angle

## “Obtuse” means more than 90 degrees,

An obtuse triangle only has one obtuse angle,
because it is impossible to create a triangle with two
obtuse angles.

The bottom left angle and the top right angle are
both acute, though the bottom right angle is obtuse,
causing this triangle to be an obtuse triangle.
Parallelogram
Parallelogram- A four-sided plane figure with opposite
sides parallel

## A parallelogram is a quadrilateral with opposite sides

parallel (and therefore opposite angles equal). A
parallelogram whose angles are all right angles is
called a rectangle.

## Shape #1: Opposite sides and angles are equal

Shape #2: Diagonals bisect each other at 0
Shape #3: Area of a parallelogram is height x base
Perpendicular
Perpendicular- Intersecting at or forming right angles

## Two lines, vectors, planes, etc., are said to be

perpendicular if they meet at a right angle.

## In the above figure, the line segment is

perpendicular to the line segment . This
relationship is commonly denoted with a small
square at the vertex where perpendicular objects
meet, as shown above.
Quadrilateral- A polygon having four sides

## A quadrilateral sometimes is also known as a

sides parallel is called a trapezoid, whereas a
quadrilateral with opposite pairs of sides parallel is
called a parallelogram.

## These are just some of the many types of

quadrilaterals, so be creative and see if you can find
Radius- A line segment that joins the center of a
circle with any point on its circumference

## The radius of a circle is the distance from the center

of a circle to its perimeter, or from the center of a
sphere to its surface. The radius is equal to half the
diameter.

## A radius starts from the center of the circle, and ends

at any point of the perimeter.
Rectangle
Rectangle- A four-sided plane figure with four right
angles

## A closed planar quadrilateral with opposite sides of

equal lengths and , and with four right angles is a
rectangle.

## In the figure above, the shape has 4 right angles,

showing that this figure is a rectangle.
Right triangle
Right triangle- a triangle with one right angle

## A right triangle can only have 1 right angle, because

if you add any more, it would increase the number of
sides in the shape, not making it a triangle anymore.
scalene triangle
Scalene triangle- a triangle with no two sides of equal
length

## There are three different types of triangles. One is

the scalene triangle, while the other two are right
triangle and equilateral triangle

## You can see that these are all scalene triangles

because it has no two sides of equal length.
Supplementary angles
Supplementary angle- The angle or arc that when
added to a given angle or arc makes 180° or a
semicircle

## Note that these two angles can be "pasted" together

to form a straight line.

## Then one you “paste” the two angles together, you

get a supplementary angle.
Trapezoid
Trapezoid- A quadrilateral having two parallel sides

## A trapezoid is a quadrilateral with two sides parallel.

The trapezoid is equivalent to the British definition of
trapezium.

## Side A, and B are parallel, meaning that this shape

above is a trapezoid.
Vertical angle
Vertical angle- Either of two angles formed by two
intersecting lines and lying on opposite sides of the
point of intersection

## For any two lines that meet, such as in the diagram

below, angle AEB and angle DEC are called vertical
angles. Vertical angles have the same degree
measurement. Angle BEC and angle AED are also
vertical angles.

## The angle of AEB, is the same angle measurement as

DEC; and angle DEA is the same angle measurment
as CEB
Formulas
Area of a circle- r2× pi

## Circumference of a circle- diameter × pi

Volume of a cylinder- area of top × height

height

× height