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Community Report Sunamganj Zila June 2012

Population and Housing Census 2011


Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Statistics and Informatics Division Ministry of Planning

EDITORIAL COMMITTEE Chairman Riti Ibrahim


Secretary Statistics and Informatics Division Ministry of Planning

Vice-Chairman Golam Mostafa Kamal


Director General Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

Members

Md. Mizanur Rahman Md. Mostafizur Rahman Salima Sultana Abdullah Harun Pasha Aziza Parvin Satya Ranjan Mondal Md. Shamsul Alam

Deputy Director General Director Director Director Director Director Director (C.C)

Member-Secretary
Ashim Kumar Dey Director (Deputy Secretary) and Project Director

BANGLADESH POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS 2011

COMMUNITY REPORT

ZILA: SUNAMGANJ June 2012

POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS 2011 BANGLADESH BUREAU OF STATISTICS STATISTICS AND INFORMATICS DIVISION MINISTRY OF PLANNING GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH COMPLIMENTARY

CONTENTS
Foreword Preface Zila map and Geo-code Zila at a glance Chapter-1: Introduction Chapter-2: Concepts and Definitions Chapter-3: About the Zila/Upazila Chapter-4: COMMUNITY TABLES Table C01 : Table C02: Table C03 : Table C04 : Table C05 : Table C06 : Table C07 : Table C08 : Table C09 : Table C10: Table C11: Table C12 : Table C13: Table C14: Table C15: Area, Households, Population, Density by Residence and Community Distribution of Households and Population by Sex, Sex Ratio, Residence and Community Percentage Distribution of General Households by Size, Average size, Residence and Community Percentage Distribution of Population by Age groups, Residence and Community Percentage Distribution of Population aged 10 years and above by Sex, Marital status, Residence and Community Distribution of Population aged 7 years and above by Literacy, Sex, Residence and Community Distribution of Population aged 3-14 years by Age groups, School attendance, Sex, Residence and Community Distribution of Population aged 15-29 years by Age groups, School attendance , Sex, Residence and Community Percentage Distribution of Population by Type of disability, Residence and Community Distribution of Population aged 7 years and above not attending school by Employment status, Sex, Residence and Community Distribution of Population aged 7 years and above not attending school but employed by Field of activity, Sex, Residence and Community Distribution of Ethnic Household, Population by Sex, Residence and Community Distribution of Population by Religion, Residence and Community Percentage Distribution of General Households by Type of structure, Toilet facility, Residence and Community Distribution of General Households by Source of drinking water, Electricity connection and Housing tenancy status by Residence and Community

APPENDICES Appendix-I Appendix-II List of Personnel Engaged in Preparing this Report Census Questionnaire

Foreword
The fifth population census was conducted over a period of five days starting at the zero hour of 15 March 2011 and completed on the 19 March 2011. Population census indeed is the only recognized source in Bangladesh for quality benchmark database pertaining to population size and its spatial distribution and for various basic demographic characteristics. Along with national level aggregates, the census has generated detailed segregated data at community levels (mahallas/mauzas/villages) of the country being a full-count statistical undertaking. The initiative of publishing zila community reports has been undertaken considering the importance of community level data and information apart from national level in the process of determining policy-strategy and decision-making. The Sunamganj zila community report is one of those 64 Community Reports at zila level. The census results at a glance table for each upazila of Sunamganj zila have been presented in this report. Tables containing various statistics separately by mahallas, mauzas and villages are incorporated for readers' convenience. I believe that the wide array of census findings presented in this zila community report will be useful to planners and policy makers in formulating, implementing and evaluating responsive development plans and programmes for human resource advancement and overall development. In addition, the census data and information of this report will be helpful for researchers both at home and abroad. Census is a massive operation. Its success depends on devoted endeavor of census workers and also on participation of people at all levels. We gratefully acknowledge the active participation of all government and private agencies, zila administrations, local governments at various levels including Union Parisads, Upazila Parishads, Paurashavas, Media Groups of the country. Their contribution and all-out support towards making the census a success will always be highly appreciated. I express my gratitude to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), European Union (EU), US Census Bureau and USAID for their financial and technical supports for completing this huge task. I am grateful to the Cabinet Secretary and the Secretary, Ministry of Public Administration for their active cooperation. I express my gratitude to the Honorable Minister, Ministry of Planning for his proper guidance and active cooperation in making this census a success. ICR (Intelligent Character Recognition) machines and iCADE (Integrated Computer Assisted Data Entry) system were used in capturing the census data. CSPro software was used in analyzing and processing of data. It took almost six years to publish the final report of Population and Housing Census 2001 and four years for 1991 Census following the enumeration. For Population and Housing Census 2011, we had reduced the gap by publishing all reports including community and zila reports within the shortest possible time. This is the first time in the census history of Bangladesh that the census reports are being published within 15 months after the enumeration. I express my thanks to the Director General, BBS, Project Director, Mr. Ashim Kumar Dey and all those involved in the effort to finally bring the report out within the shortest time.

Dhaka
Ashar, 1419 June, 2012

( Riti Ibrahim )
Secretary Statistics and Informatics Division Ministry of Planning Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

Preface
Bangladesh inherited the tradition of conducting the population census on decennial basis since 1872. The fifth population census of Bangladesh and fifteenth in the region, sequencing the decennial periodicity, was conducted during March 15-19, 2011. The main objective of the census was to collect information on the basic characteristics related to housing, households and population for developing a comprehensive database for all development planning and human resource development programmes as well as economic management. As per decisions of the National Statistical Council (NSC), Population and Housing Census had been conducted in three phases. In phase I, basic data about all households and individual members of the households were gathered through using ICR formatted questionnaire during March 15-19, 2011. In phase II, quality and coverage of the main count were verified through a Post Enumeration Check (PEC) survey during April 10-14, 2011. For the first time in census

history of Bangladesh, the PEC was conducted by an independent organization, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS). In phase III, detailed socio-economic
information was collected by adopting a long machine readable questionnaire in a sample survey held during October 15-25, 2011. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) started the census preparatory activity from mid 2009 with the updating of maps and area Geo-codes. Several preliminary checks of the questionnaire were made locally. The census questionnaire was pre-tested in selected areas with participation of some experts of the Technical Committee. Users and experts views were taken to finalize the questionnaire. The census field operation and quality of census inputs were tested by two Zonal operations. Accordingly the questionnaire was designed in machine readable format with

the technical assistance from US Census Bureau and was printed abroad with the financial assistance from European Union (EU) through the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
To ensure coverage, effective management and close supervision, the entire country was divided into 2,96,718 enumeration areas (EAs) by using enumeration maps. For every group of 6/7 enumerators there was one supervisor. The geo-coding system developed in the previous censuses was checked, updated and computerized. Modified Defacto Method was adopted in counting the population. Zero hour of the night of 15 March, 2011 was considered as the census moment. On the other hand, the hours between census moment and the following morning (6.00 a.m.) i.e. morning of 15 March, 2011 was reconed as the census night. To avoid omission and duplication, people were counted where they were found in the census night. For operational convenience all the available officers and staff members of BBS and other organization were mobilized as follows:

Functional Designation
Chief Census Coordinator National Census Coordinator Deputy National Census Coordinator Census Zila Coordinator Upazila Census Coordinator

Designation Secretary, Statistics and Informatics Division Director General, BBS Joint Secretary/Deputy Director General Director/Deputy Secretary/Joint Director/Deputy Director/Statistical Officer Upazila Statistical Officer/Assistant Statistical Officer USO/ASO/TS/SI/SA/JSA/Officials from other Departments

Number 1 1 2 130 530 2612

Zonal Officer

For actual enumeration 2,96,718 enumerators and 48,531 supervisors were employed from among the local educated unemployed persons of them 50% were females. A verbatim training manual was prepared and used for imparting uniform training to all the census workers. Audio-Visual training was imparted for the trainees for making uniformity all over the country. Training was given at three levels: (i) Training of Master Trainers (Census Zila Coordinators) at Dhaka; (ii) Training of Zonal Officers at Zila levels and (iii) Training of Supervisors and Enumerators at the local levels. A calendar of census activities was developed and was adhered to strictly in providing training, distribution of census materials, doing actual enumeration and returning all filled in questionnaire to Dhaka head office census control room. A Centralized Processing System was developed constituting the census analysis and report writing team. Under the system, Computer editing, Data capture by ICR/iCADE and tabulation through CSPro software were systematically linked. For ensuring participation of local administration and local bodies in census work census committees were formed at the Zila, Upazila, Paurashava and Union/Ward levels. In addition, Enumerators and Supervisors were appointed from amongst the local educated unemployed youths. A Standing Technical Committee comprising of well-known local census experts and users of census data was formed at national level to provide technical support to BBS in planning, designing and executing the census. A seminar-cum-expert consultation was held at BBS with the census data users, experts, researchers and educationist to get their views on finalization of census questionnaire and policy related issues. For creating public awareness and motivation a nation wide publicity campaign was carried out before the census through posters, banners, leaflets, brochures, features film, zingle, miking, radio, television, mobile message and newspaper. I express my deepest gratitude to Secretary, Statistics and Informatics Division for her wholehearted support and cooperation to the census. I express my deep gratitude to all Standing Technical Committee members and also to all participants of the Seminar-cum-Expert Consultation for their valuable contributions towards finalizing the questionnaire and the census programme. I am thankful to all members of the sub-committees on publicity, sampling and report writing for their valuable contribution. I am also thankful to our mass media, local bodies and the people of all level for their wholehearted supports to the census. Finally, I thank the Project Director Mr. Ashim Kumar Dey and other officers and staff members of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics for their untiring efforts in making the census a success within a very short period of time and in publication of this report.

Dhaka
Ashar, 1419 June, 2012

( Golam Mostafa Kamal ) Director General Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

Map of Sunamganj Zila

90- Sunamganj Zila Upazila and Union/Ward with Geo-code 2011


18- Bishwambarpur Upazila 17- Dakshin Badaghat Union 20- Dhonpur Union 34- Fatehpur Union 77- Palash Union 80- Sholukabad Union 23- Chhatak Upazila 11- Bhatgaon Union 13- Chhatak Union 14- Char Mahalla Union 38- Dular Bazar Union 42- Dakshin Khurma Union 47- Dakshin Islampur Union 52- Jawar Bazar Union 57- Kalaruka Union 76- Noarai Union 85- Saidergaon Union 90- Saila Afjalabad Union 92- Sing Chapair Union 94- Uttar Surma Union Chhatak Paurashava 01- Ward N0-01 02- Ward N0-02 03- Ward N0-03 04- Ward N0-04 05- Ward N0-05 06- Ward N0-06 07- Ward N0-07 08- Ward N0-08 09- Ward N0-09 29- Derai Upazila 17- Bhatipara Union 19- Charnarchar Union 28- Derai Sarmangal Union 38- Jagaddal Union 47- Karimpur Union 57- Kulanj Union 66- Rafinagar Union 76- Raja Nagar Union 85- Taral Union Derai Paurashva 01- Ward N0-01 02- Ward N0-02 03- Ward N0-03 04- Ward N0-04 05- Ward N0-05 06- Ward N0-06 07- Ward N0-07 08- Ward N0-08 09- Ward N0-09 32- Dharmapasha Upazila 21- Dakshin Sukhairrajapur Union 23- Chamardani Union 35- Dakshin Bongshikunda Union 38- Dharmapasha Union 47- Joysree Union 57- Madhyanagar Union 66- Paikurati Union 76- Selborash Union 85- Uttar Shukhair Rajapur Union 90- Uttar Bangshikunda Union 33- Dowarabazar Upazila 21- Bougla Bazar Union 27- Dakshin Dowarabazar Union 32- Duhalia Union 61- Lakshmipur Union 67- Mannargaon Union 78- Pandergaon Union 81- Surma Union 86- Bangla Bazar Union 92- Narsingpur Union 47- Jagannathpur Upazila 17- Asharkandi Union 19- Haldipur Union 38- Kalkali Union 47- Mirpur Union 57- Pailgaon Union 66- Patali Union 76- Raniganj Union 85- Syedpur Union Jagannathpur Paurashava 01- Ward N0-01 02- Ward N0-02 03- Ward N0-03 04- Ward N0-04 05- Ward N0-05 06- Ward N0-06 07- Ward N0-07 08- Ward N0-08 09- Ward N0-09 50- Jamalganj Upazila 13- Beheli Union 27- Vimkhali Union 54- Fenarbak Union 67- Jamalganj Union 81- Sachna Bazar Union 86- Sulla Upazila 23- Atgaon Union 47- Bahara Union 71- Habibpur Union 95- Sulla Union 89- Sunamganj Sadar Upazila 10- Aftabnagar Union 27- Gourararang Union 33- Jahangirnagar Union 36- Katair Union 39- Lakshmansree Union 50- Mohanpur Union 55- Mollahpara Union 72- Rangar Char Union 77- Surma Union Sunamganj Paurashava 01- Ward N0-01 02- Ward N0-02 03- Ward N0-03 04- Ward N0-04 05- Ward N0-05 06- Ward N0-06 07- Ward N0-07 08- Ward N0-08 09- Ward N0-09 92- Tahirpur Upazila 10- Balijuri Union 33- Dakshin Sreepur Union 43- Dakshin Baradal Union 64- Tahirpur Union 71- Uttar Badaghat Union 82- Baradal Union 92- Uttar Sreepur Union 27- Dakshin Sunamganj Upazila 11- Durgapasha Union 33- Joykalas Union 61- Patharia Union 78- Shimulbag Union 89- Paschimbirgaon Union 90- Paschimpagla Union 92- Purbabirgaon Union 94- Purbapagla Union

Main Census Results at National, Division and Zila Levels


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village City Corporation City Ward City Mahalla Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Bangladesh 14,40,43,697 7,21,09,796 7,19,33,901 2,74,68,789 60,94,394 11,04,80,514 1.47 100 110 105 98 3,21,73,630 61,33,012 13,69,028 2,46,71,590 4.44 4.36 4.42 4.46 147569.06 56976.00 976 2528 23.30 51.8 54.1 49.4 52.7 54.6 50.8 14,97,72,364 7,49,80,386 7,47,91,978 545 4,562 54,327 87,191 6 283 1,909 310 2,914 8,667 Sylhet Division 99,10,219 49,33,390 49,76,829 10,98,232 3,64,479 84,47,508 2.21 99 109 102 98 17,90,892 2,11,997 67,376 15,11,519 5.52 5.11 5.39 5.58 12635.24 4878.00 784 2031 14.76 45.0 47.0 43.1 48.0 48.1 48.0 1,02,96,995 51,26,069 51,70,926 38 333 5,108 10,250 1 26 590 19 172 590 Sunamganj Zila 2011 2001 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.00 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 0 0 0 4 36 139 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 105 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 0 0 0 4 36 138

Note: No. of mauzas in Population and Housing Census 2011 refers to the inhabited mauzas only.

CHAPTER 1 Introduction
The population and housing census is the unique source of reliable and comprehensive data about the size of the population of the country, major socio-economic and socio-demographic characteristics. It is the total process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analyzing and publishing or otherwise disseminating demographic, economic and social data pertaining, at a specified time, to all persons in a country. The essential features of a population census are individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity. The population and housing census provides information on the geographic and administrative distribution of the population and household in addition to the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of all the people in the country. The data from the census are classified, tabulated and disseminated so that political leaders, election officials, planners, national organizations including NGOs and civil society, regional and international organizations can use the data in decision-making. The purpose of community report is to disseminate census data by communities (ward/mahalla in urban area and union/mauza/village in rural area). Data on all key variables namely area, household, population by sex and age group, ethnic population, literacy rate, marital status, school attendance , employment status and religion as well as physical facilities such as source of drinking water, sanitation, electricity and dwelling units have been presented in this report. The planners, researchers and policy makers as well as development partners and community administrators will find this report as a valuable reference for use in advising plans and programs for advancing welfare and well-being of the common people, in particular and the community in general.

Census and its Periodicity


Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics is in charge of conducting the Population and Housing Census. The practice of census taking in the area, now Bangladesh, started in 1872. Thereafter, another census was conducted in 1881 and from then on the decennial periodicity of census was maintained with the exception of 1971 cycle which was held up and delayed till the year 1974 because of liberation war. The 1974 census was the first census in Bangladesh after her emergence as a new independent nation in 1971. Bangladesh went back to the decennial periodicity and held the second, third, and fourth censuses in the years 1981, 1991 and 2001. The 2011 census is the 5th after independence of Bangladesh.

Objectives: The population census was carried out to achieve the following objectives:
To determine the population and the number of households of the country; To obtain data on demographic characteristics by gender; To obtain data on disability; To collect information on housing, household structure and other selected facilities; To generate data on gender specific occupation and participation in economic activities; To gather basic information on ethnic people and To prepare socio-economic database for policy makers, planners and researchers etc.

Census Phasing: The census data collection was completed in three phases.
Phase I - Main Count: Collection of basic information for all households and individuals using an ICR formatted Questionnaire. Phase II- Post Enumeration Check (PEC): A PEC survey was carried out to measure quality and coverage of the main census count. The survey was conducted immediately after receiving filled-in census questionnaires in Dhaka head office. For the first time in census history of Bangladesh, the PEC was conducted by an independent organization, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS). Phase III- Sample Census: A sample census (large scale sample survey) was carried out at the last phase. For this undertaking, ICR formatted long questionnaire was adopted to supplement the data of the main census. Being a programme of much wider information coverage, the sample census provided detailed data relating to population and household characteristics including fertility, mortality, morbidity, migration etc.

Census Operation Census Planning: The census preparatory work programme was mounted in mid 2009. A
census work-plan was prepared defining in details the activities to be performed and completed by specific dates in each calendar year. Field instruction manual and training manual were produced for census workers of different stages. These manuals provided precise guidelines regarding: (i) duties and responsibilities to be performed at all levels, (ii) lessons to be given when imparting trainings to field supervisors and enumerators, (iii) mapping and geo-coding operation to be done, (iv) questionnaire to be filled-up, (v) enumeration and supervision disciplines to be adhered to, (vi) census workers to be put in place (vii) census materials to be distributed and (viii) publicity plan to be implemented.

Mapping
The updated and well furnished map is one of the basic instruments to the success of any population and housing census. The primary objectives of the mapping operation is (i) to update the produced GIS maps and delineate enumeration areas (EA) in the country to facilitate the smooth counting of inhabitants during enumeration and (ii) fundamentally to ascertain that all areas are covered and that everyone in the country is counted with minimal possibility of under or over counting. Household counting for EA demarcation and concurrent EA mapping activities were carried out in two phases beginning from May, 2009. The First phase, confined to exclusively rural areas, necessitated updating and preparing union, mauza, and control maps. The second phase was initiated only for urban coverage in view of the complex task associated with household and EA boundary identifications due to quite dense habitations in urban localities. All urban ward, mahalla, and control maps were updated and/or newly prepared showing current boundaries. BBS used GIS Maps for field operation for the first time in census history of Bangladesh. GIS Maps Project of BBS produced the maps from aerial photography. The updated maps were used for zonal operations. All maps were finally checked and updated during zonal operations. The updated EA maps were used for main census, PEC and sample census.

Designing and Pre-testing of Questionnaire: The contents of census questionnaire were


determined based on data needs assessed on government current priorities and also recommendations of technical committee experts. Several preliminary checks of the questionnaire were made locally. Lastly, the questionnaire was pre-tested in selected areas with participation of some experts of the technical committee. Satisfactory pre-test results were resolved finalising a two moduled questionnaire for adoption in the census. Accordingly the questionnaire was designed in machine readable format with the technical assistance from US Census Bureau and was printed abroad with the financial assistance from European Union (EU) through United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).

Questionnaire: A two moduled questionnaire was used for the main census. As many as 25
questions were included in it. Of them 11 questions relating to housing and household characteristics were covered in household module. The remaining 14 questions focusing on household individuals were incorporated in individual module. The questionnaire items were identification, address of household, number and structure of house including tenancy, toilet facility, access to electricity, ethnicity, individual age, sex, religion, marital status, literacy, disability, education and working status. All data on the items were collected through visiting house to house and interviewing head of the household or responsible member in absence of head of the household.

Zonal Operation: Two zonal operations were executed in both urban and rural areas. These
operations allowed setting up a system germane to: (i) involve local people in the census, (ii) interact with local bodies, and (iii) ensure efficient field work arrangements. The first zonal operation was held during May-July 2010 in 3 (three) phases. In first phase it covered 39 zilas, second phase 17 zilas and third phase 8 zilas. During first zonal operation the following tasks were completed: a) Updating geo-code list; b) Updating Mauza and Mahalla maps with demarcation of EA boundaries; c) Preparing Supervisor sketch maps; d) Preparing primary list of local enumerators and supervisors with names and addresses and

e) Identifying depopulated Mauzas and Mahallas Besides, Zonal Officers introduced themselves to the public representatives of different bodies and local administration and sought their support and cooperation in completing census activities successfully. The second zonal operation was mounted just three months prior, i.e. NovemberDecember 2010, to conduct the main census in March, 2011. This schedule ensured the smooth flow of census activities including field management system. The second zonal operation featured completing tasks such as: (a) instituting census committees in zilas, upazilas/thanas, wards/unions, paurashavas and city corporations, (b) interacting with local bodies, (c) verifying supervisor maps and getting those finalised, (d) finalising the lists of supervisors and enumerators and (e) checking and endorsing locations and available facilities of training centres selected to train enumerators and supervisors. All these activities were performed by 2,612 Zonal Officers under supervision of 130 Census Zila Coordinators who were engaged from BBS and other ministries. In forming EAs, the terrains and habitation patterns of localities were taken into consideration. Mauza/Ward maps were used for exact identifications of EAs within mauzas and wards. During census enumeration final base maps and supervisor maps were used by the zonal officers, enumerators and supervisors for field control and overcoming coverage errors.

Organization: The lowest unit of census was enumeration area (EA). All over the country as
many as 2,96,718 EAs were delineated. Above them there were 48,531 supervisors areas (SAs) with every SA having 6-7 EAs. For each EA one enumerator and each SA one supervisor were appointed temporarily from amongst local educated youths. Females were given priority in selecting enumerators and supervisors. Enumerators and supervisors were controlled by 2,612 Zonal Officers. Immediately above zonal officers there were 130 Census Zila Co-coordinators deployed from Class-I officers of BBS and other ministries. The Project Director of Population and Housing Census Project was the co-ordinator of field activities and maintained liaison with higher authority and different organisations. The Director General of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics acted as the National Coordinator. The Secretary of Statistics and Informatics Division was the Chief Census Coordinator who guided the whole system of census programme and implementation. The local administration and public representatives participated in the census through census committees formed for City Corporations, Paurashavas, Zilas, Upazilas, Wards, and Union Parisads. The Mayors of City Corporations and Paurashavas, Deputy Commissioners, Upazila Chairmen, Ward Commissioners and Chairmen of Union Parishads headed respective census committees with BBS officials being the Member-Secretaries. Central census control room was established at Dhaka headquarters of BBS (Parishankhan Bhaban) under active supervision of the Project Director. Similarly control rooms were established in each spheres of administrative levels namely zila, upazila and union. These control rooms functioned round the clock during entire field enumeration period. A number of officials were engaged to provide logistics during census field activities, monitored constantly the census performance, informed the National Coordinator and Chief Census Co-ordinator about performance status and obtained their instructions for successful completion of the census.

Enumeration: The population across all over of the country was counted at a stretch in five days
from 15-19 March 2011 using machine readable questionnaires. The counting began at zero hour of 15 March 2011. Floating people were counted from zero-hour till 6.00 am (the hours called census night) at the places where they were detected passing the night. In case of households, on the other hand, all members were enumerated in their residences. The modified de-facto method was followed in counting, i.e. every person was counted at the place where he/she stayed in the census night except the people on board and on duty, counted at their residence.

Data Capturing/Processing: The adoption of Intelligence Character Recognition (ICR)


strategy was planned for census data capturing. As such, ICR machines were procured. BBS had gathered experience in OMR and OCR techniques data capturing from earlier censuses of 1981, 1991 and 2001. The ICR technology was introduced at this census in BBS. US Census Bureau

supported BBS in using CapturePro and iCADE (Integrated Computer Assisted Data Entry) system for data capturing. For analyzing and tabulating census data CSPro software was used.

iCADE: Integrated Computer Assisted Data Entry provides digital images of respondent
questionnaires. Data is processed through OMR, OCR, and KFI, quality assurance, and automated detailed tracking of each step in the process.

Steps: 1. Batching and Batch Identification: Completed Census Questionnaires are


batched for processing. An identifying batch cover sheet is created. Batch status numbers are kept in the database along with other relevant metadata. 2. Scanning: Each page from the batched Census Questionnaires is scanned into a TIFF Image. In each step status info is kept in the database. 3. Autoregistration: Autoregistration relates images to the Master Template, registers Form barcodes, and reads checkboxes. There may be preliminary mini OCR processing here. Autoregistration then creates a script with data captured so far. 4. Manual Registration: Images where auto-registration detected positional tolerance errors are sent to a clerk, who resolves skewing and bar code issues and repairs checkbox ambiguities. The OMR clerk examines all checkboxes. 5. Batch Completeness/Exception Review: Batch Completeness identifies batches with problems, forms with missing, loose, or duplicate pages, batched not scanned, scanned not batched. In Exception Review, the clerk researches each issue (checking paper forms if needed) and takes appropriate action. 6. OCR Review: Converts designated handwritten and printed text fields to electronic data, with greater than 99% accuracy for numbers. A clerk then reviews OCR results, verifying all 1s, 2s, etc. Any rejected field must be reprocessed using KFI. 7. Key From Image (KFI): The OMR portion of the program will capture check box data prior to KFI. KFI technology guides a keying clerk to the write-in fields on the form where the system detects presence. Furthermore, a keyer will not be taken to any fields already read by the OCR engine. Keyers may also re-register skewed pages or correct checkbox answers. 8. Quality Assurance (QA): Two samples are drawn, one from the OCR read universe and one from the KFI keyed-in universe. They are sent to an independent keyer to be rekeyed. OCR and KFI may have different sampling rates and different accept/reject quality rates. These results are then verified against the earlier captured data, and discrepancies are presented and corrected by analysts. 9. Sample Verification, Classification and Adjudication: A sample of the fields is keyed in by an independent verifier. A classifier reviews images and data from OCR/KFI and compares with verifiers data. An adjudicator determines final truth and decides if the batch is acceptable, and determines the cause of discrepancies, which may be charged against the original keyer. 10. Remainder Verifier, Classifier and Adjudicator: If batch quality for either universe is unacceptable, all remaining fields are rekeyed by a verifier, and results are compared and corrected by a classifier, and adjudicated by a final adjudicator. All records were subject to an efficient computer edit and imputation programme. The errors and inconsistencies, if detected, were imputed by applying both 'hot-deck' and 'cold-deck' methods. For all zilas, separate files were maintained. The census tabulation plan was finalised through technical committee recommendations admitted of options for comparing most of the individual cells with 2001 census results. The tabulation programme was developed in CSPro and thoroughly tested before adopting for census tabulation. All tables generated were transferred to MS Excel/MS Word format for ensuring correct headings and footnotes.

Publication: The census reports to be published will provide population information at the
national, zila and community levels. Besides the Community Reports, National, Analytical, Zila Reports, Socio- economic & Demographic Report, Administrative Report and some Thematic Area Reports will be published during the coming months.

Post Enumeration Check (PEC): To assess coverage of the census an effectively designed
Post Enumeration Check (PEC) survey was conducted just a month after completing the census. Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) conducted the PEC survey. The PEC survey data were collected during 10-14 April 2011. The net under coverage rates estimated separately for national level aggregate and also for rural, urban, other urban (Upazila Headquarters) and City Corporation areas are given below: Locality National Rural Urban Other Urban (UHQ) City Corporation Net error rate (%) 3.97 3.80 5.26 4.07 3.86

The full PEC survey report can be obtained from Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) and the following online addresses of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics and BIDS respectively: www.bbs.gov.bd and www.bids.org.bd

Chapter -2
Concepts and Definitions:
The concepts and definitions adopted for the census and those presented in this report are as follows:

2.1 Census Moment


It is the precise time hour fixed for starting up census enumeration nationwide. In the census the zero hour of 15 March 2011 was the census moment.

2.2 Census Night


The time span from census moment to 6:00 am of 15 March 2011 was the census night.

2.3 Census Period


It denotes the days devoted to complete the census enumeration activities. In this census 15-19 March 2011 made up the census period.

2.4 Reference period


It is reference time cut off to which particular sets of census date items relate. In this census two reference periods were used. These are: i) Field of Economic Activity: One week preceding census moment (8 to 14 March 2011) ii) For other variables: Census night.

2.5 Modified De-facto Method


It means the system of enumerating people at places of their stay in the census night. Adhering to this method the counting of floating population across the country was completed during census night by interviewing them just at places of their night stay except the people on duty or on board. The remaining vast number of people found in usual residences were counted (including people on duty or on board) during 5 (five) days census period by fixing places of their stay during census night.

2.6 Floating Population


People detected passing the census night at railway stations, launch ghats, bus terminals, boats, temples, pagodas, mosques, hotels (boarders), footpaths, under building-stairs, overpass/underpass and some other unusual places. Also the people who were fishing at deep sea and hiving in the forest especially in the Sundarbans were treated as floating population.

2.7 Household
Persons, either related or unrelated, living together and taking food from the same kitchen constitute a household. A single person living and eating alone forms one-person household. Households are classified into three groups as defined below: i) General (dwelling) Household: Includes all households having usual dwelling places. In 2001 census it was used as dwelling household. ii) Institutional Household: Hospitals, clinics, jails, barracks, orphanages, hostels/halls of educational institutions etc. were treated as Institutional Households. iii) Other Household: Includes those households other than general and institutional found in census night such as messes, shops, offices etc.

2.8 Ownership and Tenancy of Dwelling Unit


Tenancy status of dwelling units distinguishes the following three classes: i) Owner: Dwelling unit found occupied and used by household owning it. ii) Rented: Dwelling unit found occupied and used under arrangement of contractually rented. iii) Rent free: Dwelling unit found occupied and used without rent.

2.9 Literacy
It denotes ability to write a letter in any language. Literacy status assessment is made for population 7 years and over, 15 years and over, and also for population of all ages.

2.10

Community

It refers to the following five lower geographic, administrative or revenue units: i) Union: Smallest administrative rural geographic unit comprising of mauzas and villages and having union parishad institution. ii) Mauza: Smallest revenue geographic unit having Jurisdiction List (JL) number. iii) Village: Lowest rural geographic unit either equivalent to a mauza or part of a mauza. iv) Ward: Smallest administrative urban geographic unit comprising of mahallas and having ward council institution. v) Mahalla: Lowest urban geographic unit having identifiable boundaries.

2.11

Urban Area

It corresponds with area developed around a central place having such amenities as metalled roads, improved communication, electricity, gas, water supply, sewerage, sanitation and also having comparatively higher density of population with majority population in non-agriculture occupations. i) City Corporation: It includes city corporation area declared by the Ministry of Local Government. ii) Paurashava/Municipality Area (PSA): It includes paurashavas incorporated and administered by local government under Paurashava Ordinance, 1977. iii) Other Urban Area (OUA): It includes those upazila headquarters which are not paurashavas. The only exception is the 17 unions adjacent to Dhaka City Corporation under Dhaka Metropolitan Area. These unions are treated as other urban areas on the basis of their urban characteristics.

Chapter -3
About Sunamganj Zila
Background, Geographic Area and Location: Sunamganj zila was one of the sub-division of former Sylhet zila. It emerged as a zila on the 1st March, 1984. The zila is full of haors and baors. Its headquarters is situated at the bank of the river Surma where a trading centre ( meaning Ganj) was developed in this area in the name of a Shipahi Sunamuddin, who foughat for the independence of the country in 1957. This might be the origin of the zila name to be Sunamganj. It is bounded on the North by India, on the east by Sylhet zila, on the south by Habiganj and Kishoreganj zilas and on the west by Netrokona zila. It lies between 2434' and 2512' north latitudes and between 90 56' and 91 49' East longitudes. The total area of the zila is 3747.18 Sq. km. (1446.00 sq. miles) of which 71.28 sq. km. (27.52 sq. miles) are under forest. Annual Average Temperature: Maximum 33.2C and minimum 13.6C; annual rainfall 3334 mm. There are many haors and beels in Sunamganj. Administration: Sunamganj (Town) stands on the bank of the river Surma. It was established in late 18th century. Sunamganj mahakuma (sub-division) was upgraded to a zila in 1984. The zila consists of 11 upazilas, 87 unions, 1581 mauzas, 2782 villages, 4 paurashavas, 36 wards and 138 mahallas. The upazilas are BISHWAMVARPUR, CHHATAK, DERAI, DHARMAPASHA, DOWARABAZAR, JAGANNATHPUR, JAMALGANJ, TAHIRPUR, SULLAH, SUNAMGANJ SADAR and DAKSHIN SUNAMGANJ. Archaeological Heritage and Relics: Bagbari Tila (Chhatak upazila), Selbarash Jami Mosque, Sukhair Kalibari Temple, Kahala Kalibari, Maheshkhala Kalibari (Dharmapasha upazila), remnants of the palace of Raja Bijoy Singh (16th century, Tahirpur upazila). Historical Events: Nankar Rebellion of Sukhair in 1922-23 is notable. Many political leaders and activists of Sunamganj were involved in the anti-British movement. The leftist movement spread over the zila after the partition of 1947. During the WAR OF LIBERATION many encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army; Sunamganj was liberated on 6 December 1971. In 1336 BS a devastating flood occurred as a result of breaking down a damn in Manipur. This flood is popularly known as 'White Water Flood'. A pernicious earthquake on 12 June 1897 caused heavy loss of lives and establishments. Marks of War of Liberation: Mass killing site at Sreeramshi and Raniganj villages of Jagannathpur Upazila; mass grave and mass killing site at a place near the T&T Office of Derai Upazila; Sunamganj memorial; memorial plank with names of great martyrs engraved, memorial plank at Raniganj, Shikha Satera (Seventeen Flames) and the Central Memorial at Chhatak. Religious Institutions: Palash Jami Mosque (Bishwamvarpur upazila), Makhraj Mosque, tomb of Baba Shah, temple of Jagannath Jeou (Derai upazila), Maddianagar Mosque, Selbarash Jami Mosque, Dharmapasha Jami Mosque, tomb of Nangta (nude) Pir, Kahala Kalibari, Maheshkhala Kali Mandir, Sukhair Kali Mandir (Dharmapasha upazila), Ikardai Jami Mosque, Vasudev Mandir (Jagannathpur upazila), Sreehail Sabbari Jami Mosque, Sree Sree Ramkrishna Gosai Akhra (1750), Bahra Sumeshwari Mandir (Sullah upazila), Pagla Jami Mosque, Patharia Baishnab Akhra (Sunamganj Sadar upazila), Tahirpur Jami Mosque, Badamghata Jami Mosque, mazar of Shah Arifin Saheb are notable. Main Crop: Boro paddy. Main Fruits: Mango, orange. Mineral Resources: Natural gas, limestone and stone. Main Exports: Paddy, fish, dry fish, orange, limestone, cement, paper pulp.

Census Administration: For Census operation Sunamganj zila was divided into 2 census zilas, 4842 EAS, 671 Supervisors Areas and 41 Zones. Each zone consisted of about 100 enumeration areas. The large mauzas / villages were divided into two or more enumeration areas and small mauzas/ villages were merged to form an enumeration area consisting of about 120 households, keeping in view the terrain and habitation pattern of the locality.

Source: Banglapedia and BBS

BISHWAMBAPUR UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Zila 2011 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.79 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 4 36 139 Upazila 2001 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 106 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 4 36 138 2011 1,56,381 78,175 78,206 0 3,156 1,53,225 2.13 100 0 104 100 29,336 0 597 28,739 5.33 0.00 5.31 5.33 248.63 96.00 629 1629 2.02 34.6 35.4 33.7 46.8 45.2 48.4 1,62,330 81,149 81,181 2001 1,26,259 63,458 62,801 0 3,206 1,23,053 1.75 101 0 111 101 23,651 0 546 23,105 5.35 0 5.83 5.34 194.25 75.00 650 1683 2.54 28.4 32.3 24.5 35.2 35.7 34.8 1,31,965 66,325 65,640

5 61 184 0 0 0

5 59 183 0 0 0

Background: Bishwambarpur came into existence in 1979 as thana and upgraded to upazila in 1983. In the past there established a police camp at Bishwambarpur Bazar to maintain law and order situation. Subsequently the police camp raised into a thana. Nothing is definately known about the origin of the upazila name. It is said that there lived a Hindu trader named Bishwambar Babu who built a grocery shop at the present place of the upazila headquarters. Subsequently the place became a bazar and popularly known to all as Bishwambarpur bazar. It is generally believed that the upazila might have originated its name from the name of the place where its headquarters is located. Area and Location: The upazila occupies an area of 248.63 sq. km. It is located between 25 01 and 2511 north latitudes and between 9112 and 9124 east longitudes. The upazila is bounded on the north by India, on the east by Sunamganj Sadar upazila, on the south by the Jamalganj and Sunamganj sadar upazilas and on the west by Tahirpur upazila.

CHHATAK UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Zila 2011 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.79 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 4 36 139 Upazila 2001 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 106 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 4 36 138 2011 3,97,642 1,97,952 1,99,690 44,364 6,314 3,46,964 1.72 99 114 104 97 66,724 7,824 1,106 57,794 5.93 5.43 5.71 6.00 440.48 170.07 903 2338 12.74 38.6 40.8 36.3 47.7 47.7 47.7 4,13,412 2,05,826 2,07,586 2001 3,34,546 1,71,761 1,62,785 34,172 4,498 2,95,876 2.05 106 114 103 105 54,210 6,167 850 47,193 6.19 5.53 5.29 6.29 434.76 167.86 766 1993 11.56 36.3 40.0 32.4 34.2 35.6 32.7 3,50,132 1,79,772 1,70,360

13 287 539 1 9 23

13 311 524 1 9 22

Background: Chhatak came into existence in 1908 as thana and upgraded to upazila in 1982. Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the upazila name. It is learnt that the area is very rich in producing oranges and lemons. Moreover fruits such as oranges and lemons were brought here by boat from Jaintia hills for sale in the local market. The boatman and passengers of the boats used umbrella meaning chata in Bengali to protect sun shine and rain. The market where fruits were sold is called chatar bazar. It is generally believed that the upazila might have derived its name as chhatak from the above word chhata. Area and Location: The upazila occupies an area of 440.48 sq. km. including 13.51 sq.km is under forest. It is located between 24 49 and 2506 north latitudes and between 9127 and 9149 east longitudes. The upazila is bounded on the north by Dowarabazar upazila, on the east by Companiganj, Sylhet Sadar and Bishwanath upazilas, on the South by Jagannathpur upazila and on the west by Sunamganj Sadar Upazila.

DERAI UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Zila 2011 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.79 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 4 36 139 Upazila 2001 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 106 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 4 36 138 2011 2,43,690 1,22,636 1,21,054 28,157 8,026 2,07,507 1.83 101 103 97 101 45,040 5,073 1,444 38,523 5.40 5.51 5.50 5.38 420.93 162.52 579 1499 14.85 37.1 38.5 35.8 41.2 40.4 42.0 2,53,380 1,27,513 1,25,867 9 137 232 1 9 29 2001 2,02,791 1,05,252 97,539 22,680 6,424 1,73,687 0.91 108 111 109 107 36,201 3,894 1,129 31,178 5.61 5.84 5.69 5.58 420.93 162.52 782 1248 14.35 35.4 38.4 32.2 29.3 29.2 29.4 2,12,234 1,10,155 1,02,079 9 165 222 1 9 29

Background: Derai came into existence on the 10th December, 1892. Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the upazila name. It is learnt that there lived two men named Jit Ram Roy and Dijo Ram Roy. They were very influential and famous for social work. It is generally believed that the upazila might have derived its name as Derai from the name of Mr. Dijo Ram Roy at the time of its creation. Area and Location: The upazila occupies an area of 420.93 sq. km. It is located between 24 39 and 2453 north latitudes and between 9110 and 9128 east longitudes. The upazila is bounded on the north by Sunamganj Sadar and Jamalganj upazilas, on the east by Jannathpur upazila, on the south by the Sulla upazila and Baniachong upazila of Habiganj zila and on the west by Sulla upazila and Khaliajuri upazila of Netrokona zila.

DHARMAPASHA UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Zila 2011 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.79 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 4 36 139 Upazila 2001 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 106 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 4 36 138 2011 2,23,202 1,12,098 1,11,104 0 11,803 2,11,399 1.98 101 0 105 101 43,918 0 2,316 41,602 5.08 0.00 5.03 5.08 531.00 205.02 420 1089 5.29 29.2 30.6 27.7 38.9 38.1 39.8 2,31,714 1,16,373 1,15,341 10 174 324 0 0 0 2001 1,82,969 95,009 87,960 0 9,840 1,73,129 1.09 108 0 110 108 34,068 0 1,806 32,262 5.37 0 5.46 5.37 496.04 191.52 384 955 5.38 26.4 29.6 23.0 24.5 24.8 24.2 1,91,196 99,281 91,915 10 182 313 0 0 0

Background: Dharmapasha came into existence in April 24, 1926 as thana and upgraded to upazila in July, 1984 with Dharmapasha Police Station and Modhynagar police station under its administrative control. Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the upazila name. It is said that in the past a number of religious preachers meaning Dharma Procharak in Bengali came to this place and set up several hermitages from where they used to preach Islam. In consequence of which the area became lnown as Dharmapasha. It is generally believed that this opinion might be the origin of the upazila name. Area and Location: The upazila occupies an area of 531.00 sq. km. including 6.07 sq.km. is under forest. It is located between 24 47 and 2512 north latitudes and between 90 56 and 9010 east longitudes. The upazila is bounded on the north by India, on the east by Jamalganj and Tahirpur upazilas, on the south by the Mohanganj upazila of Netrokona zila , and on the west by Barhatta and Kalmakanda upazilas of Netrokona zila.

DOWARABAZAR UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Zila 2011 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.79 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 4 36 139 Upazila 2001 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 106 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 4 36 138 2011 2,28,460 1,12,240 1,16,220 0 14,794 2,13,666 2.42 97 0 102 96 42,693 0 2,849 39,844 5.35 0.00 5.19 5.37 263.35 101.68 868 2247 6.48 30.4 31.8 29.0 47.2 47.0 47.3 2,37,180 1,16,525 1,20,655 9 151 308 0 0 0 2001 1,79,201 91,903 87,298 0 11,805 1,67,396 1.32 105 0 110 105 32,821 0 2,194 30,627 5.47 0 5.4 5.47 281.40 108.65 637 1659 6.59 30.8 35.0 26.4 29.4 30.2 28.4 1,87,241 96,025 91,216 7 166 295 0 0 0

Background: Dowarabazar came into existence on 25 September, 1976 as thana and upgraded to upazila in 1983. Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the upazila name. It is learnt that it is a boardering upazila with India and in the teritory of Bangladesh, there used to set a market meaning bazar in Bengali. Huge quantity of oranges and limestone used to bring in this market for sale from India. As the people of both the countries used to attend the bazar for their levelihood, the bazar became known as Doara bazar meaning the bazar for the both. Area and Location: The upazila occupies an area of 263.35 sq. km. including 22.49 sq. km. forest area. It is located between 24 58 and 2411 north latitudes and between 9124 and 9143 east longitudes. The upazila is bounded on the north by India, on the east by Companiganj of Sylhet zila, on the south by the Chhatak upazila and on the west by Sunamganj Sadar upazila.

JAGANNATHPUR UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Zila 2011 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.79 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 4 36 139 Upazila 2001 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 106 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 4 36 138 2011 2,59,490 1,29,964 1,29,526 40,699 0 2,18,791 1.4 100 106 0 99 42,866 7,032 0 35,834 6.05 5.86 0.00 6.09 368.11 142.12 705 1826 15.68 39.9 41.6 38.2 47.3 48.0 46.6 2,69,941 1,35,206 1,34,735 8 225 310 1 9 43 2001 2,25,271 1,16,483 1,08,788 34,908 0 1,90,363 1.82 107 111 0 106 35,682 5,235 0 30,447 6.32 6.72 0 6.25 368.26 142.18 612 1584 15.50 45.3 48.1 42.3 34.2 35.3 32.9 2,35,942 1,22,005 1,13,937 8 263 310 1 9 43

Background: Jagannathpur came into existence in 1922 as thana and upgraded to upazila in March, 1983. Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the upazila name. It is generally believed that the upazila might have named after the name of Raja Jagannath Misra who was a king of this locality during the Mughal period. Area and Location: The upazila occupies an area of 368.11 sq. km. It is located between 24 40 and 2431 north latitudes and between 9127 and 9141 east longitudes. The upazila is bounded on the north by on the south by Nabiganj upazila of Habiganj zila and on the west by Derai uapzila Chhatak and Sunamganj sadar upazila, on the east by the Balaganj and Beshwanath upazila of Sylhet zila.

JAMALGANJ UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Zila 2011 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.79 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 4 36 139 Upazila 2001 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 106 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 4 36 138 2011 1,67,260 84,612 82,648 0 10,133 1,57,127 1.84 102 0 104 102 29,935 0 1,832 28,103 5.57 0.00 5.45 5.58 309.38 119.45 541 1400 6.06 32.5 34.6 30.2 40.3 38.8 41.9 1,73,642 87,841 85,801 5 97 192 0 0 0 2001 1,38,985 71,701 67,284 0 20,453 1,18,532 2.58 107 0 111 107 23,640 0 3,515 20,125 5.87 0 5.89 5.87 338.74 130.79 410 1063 14.72 29.6 33.9 25.2 28.5 29.3 27.7 1,45,129 74,869 70,260 5 102 175 0 0 0

Background: Jamalganj came into existence in April, 1940 as thana and upgraded to upazila in 1983. Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the upazila name. It is learnt that there lived a Zamindar named Jamal Faruquee.He was very influential and friendly to all. It is generally believed that the upazila might have named after the name of that Zamindar. Area and Location: The upazila occupies an area of 309.38 sq. km. It is located between 24 50 and 2504 north latitudes and between 9105 and 9119 east longitudes. The upazila is bounded on the north by Tahirpur and Bishwambarpur upazilas, on the east by Sunamganj Sadar upazia and on the south by the Derai upazila and on the west by Dharmapasha Upazila.

SULLA UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Zila 2011 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.79 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 4 36 139 Upazila 2001 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 106 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 4 36 138 2011 1,13,743 57,316 56,427 0 3,914 1,09,829 1.15 102 0 107 101 20,299 0 789 19,510 5.60 0.00 4.94 5.62 256.03 98.85 444 1151 3.44 34.3 36.4 32.1 36.0 35.3 36.8 1,18,075 59,499 58,576 4 65 116 0 0 0 2001 1,01,298 52,124 49,174 0 4,308 96,990 1.20 106 0 117 106 18,491 0 1,010 17,481 5.52 0 4.69 5.56 260.74 100.66 389 1006 4.25 36.0 38.8 33.2 28.9 28.7 29.1 1,05,862 54,472 51,390 4 68 115 0 0 0

Background: Sulla came into existence on 19 January 1919 as thana and upgraded to upazila in 1983. Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the upazila name. It is generally believed that the upazila might have originated its name from the name of the village where its headquarters is located. Area and Location: The upazila occupies an area of 256.03 sq. km. It is located between 24 34 and 2449 north latitudes and between 9108 and 9123 east longitudes. The upazila is bounded on the north by Derai upazila, on the east by Derai and Ajmiriganj upazilas and Baniachang upazila of Habiganj zila, on the south by Ajmiriganj upazila of Habiganj zila and on the west by Khaliajuri upazila of Netrokona zila and Itna upazila of Kishoreganj zila.

SUNAMGANJ SADAR UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Zila 2011 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.79 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 4 36 139 Upazila 2001 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 106 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 4 36 138 2011 2,79,019 1,39,561 1,39,458 65,332 4,794 2,08,893 -2.67 100 105 100 98 49,557 11,926 816 36,815 5.57 5.27 5.85 5.66 290.71 112.24 960 2486 25.13 38.8 41.3 36.2 48.8 48.5 49.0 2,90,584 1,45,358 1,45,226 -9 114 268 1 9 44 2001 3,67,230 1,88,450 1,78,780 50,664 6,653 3,09,913 1.94 105 112 106 104 63,307 8,341 1,136 53,830 5.78 5.94 5.86 5.75 560.76 216.51 654 1696 15.60 35.3 39.5 31.0 33.5 34.6 32.3 3,84,492 1,97,318 1,87,174 14 236 401 1 9 44

Background: Sunamganj Sadar came into existence in 1877 as Thana and was upgraded to upazila in 1983. Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the upazila name. According to the history of Sreehatta written by Sayed Mujtaba Ali, the upazila might have been named after the name of a Soldier named Sipahi Sunamuddin, who fought for the independence of the country in 1957. Area and Location: The upazila occupies an area of 290.71 sq. km. including 6.54 sq.km. under forest . It is located between 24 49 and 2496 north latitudes and between 9114 and 9127 east longitudes. The upazila is bounded on the north by Biswambarpur upazila and India, on the east by Chhatak and Dowarabazar upazilas, on the sourth by Dakhin Sunamganj, Derai and Jaganathpur upazilas and on the west by Jamalganj and Biswambarpur upazila.

TAHIRPUR UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Zila 2011 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.79 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 4 36 139 Upazila 2001 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 106 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 4 36 138 2011 2,15,200 1,10,555 1,04,645 0 9,450 2,05,750 3.27 106 0 111 105 37,931 0 1,685 36,246 5.59 0.00 5.29 5.60 315.33 121.75 682 1768 4.39 30.4 33.2 27.5 40.9 39.8 42.1 2,23,402 1,14,769 1,08,633 7 122 243 0 0 0 2001 1,55,188 80,537 74,651 0 7,395 1,47,793 3.49 108 0 108 108 27,487 0 1,269 26,218 5.63 0 5.82 5.62 313.69 121.11 495 1281 4.77 31.2 36.2 25.9 28.8 29.7 27.7 1,62,173 84,162 78,011 7 136 244 0 0 0

Background: Tahirpur came into existence 1924 as thana and upgraded to upazila in 1983. It is learnt that there established a police camp in Binnakuli village. The police camp had risen into a Thana in 1924 in the name of Tahirpur. It is generally believed that the upazila might have named as Tahirpur after the name of Tahir Ali Shah, a religious preacher who came here from the laur Kingdom of the then Asam and settled to preach Islam. Area and Location: The upazila occupies an area of 315.33 sq. km. including 14.58 sq.km. forest area. It is located between 2501 and 2512 north latitudes and between 9102 and 9119 east longitudes. The upazila is bounded on the north by India, on the east by Bishwarbarpur upazila, on the south by the Jamalganj upazila and on the west by Dharmapasha Upazila.

DAKSHIN SUNAMGANJ UPAZILA CENSUS RESULTS AT A GLANCE


Items Population (Enumerated) Both Sex Male Female Urban Other Urban Rural Annual growth rate Sex Ratio Total Urban Other Urban Rural Households (HH) Total Urban Other Urban Rural Average HH Size Total Urban Other Urban Rural Area sq. km Area sq. mile Density per sq. km Density per sq. mile Urbanization (%) Literacy (%) Both Sex Male Female School Attendance (5 to 24 years) (%) Both Sex Male Female Population (Adjusted) Both Sex Male Female Geographic Unit Upazila/Thana Union Mauza Village Paurashava Paura Ward Paura Mahalla Zila 2011 24,67,968 12,36,106 12,31,862 1,78,552 77,565 22,11,851 2.02 100 107 104 100 4,40,332 31,855 14,364 3,94,113 5.58 5.48 5.34 5.60 3747.18 1446.79 659 1706 10.38 35.0 36.9 33.1 44.5 44.0 44.9 25,64,541 12,84,520 12,80,021 11 87 1,535 2,887 4 36 139 Upazila 2001 20,13,738 10,36,678 9,77,060 1,42,424 74,582 17,96,732 1.66 106 112 110 106 3,49,558 23,637 13,455 3,12,466 5.76 5.99 5.61 5.75 3669.58 1416.83 549 1421 10.78 34.4 38.1 30.5 31.3 32.1 30.4 21,06,366 10,84,384 10,21,982 10 82 1,688 2,782 4 36 138 2011 1,83,881 90,997 92,884 0 5,181 1,78,700 98 0 103 98 32,033 0 930 31,103 5.74 0.00 5.58 5.75 303.17 117.05 607 1571 2.82 32.3 33.7 30.9 43.8 43.6 44.0 1,90,881 94,461 96,420 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

8 102 171 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

Background : Dakshin Sunamganj, one of the upazilas of Sunamganj zila, came into existence on 2007 as upazila. Before that it was a part of Sunamganj Sadar upazila. Nothing is definitely known about the upazila name. This upazila is situated at the south side of the Sunamganj Sadar upazila. That's why it is called Dakhsin Sunamganj. Area and location: The upazila occupies on area of 303.17 sq. km. The Upazila is bounded on the north by Sunamganj Sadar Upazila, on the east by Chhatak and Dowarabazar Upazilas , on the south by Derai and Jagannathpur Upazilas and on the west by Jamalganj Upazila.

Chapter - 4

Community Tables
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Appendix -I

List of Personnel Engaged in Preparing this Report

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Ashim Kumar Dey Alauddin Al Azad Mohammad Abdul Kadir Miah Dr. Dipankar Roy Md. Abdur Rahim Md. Mahmuduzzaman Md. Rafiqul Islam Md. Golam Mostofa Jatan Kumar Saha Chandra Shekhar Roy Md. Salimur Rahman Md. Mostak Ahmed Miah S.M Ahasan Kabir Md. Faroque Sohel Mohammad Anamul Haque Md. Khorshed Alam Jarina Pasha Enayet Hossain Shekhor Ranjan Halder Md. Rezaul Karim

Director (Deputy Secretary) and Project Director Deputy Director Deputy Director Deputy Director Deputy Director Deputy Director Deputy Director Deputy Director Systems Analyst Senior Maintenance Engineer Statistical Officer Programmer Programmer Programmer Maintenance Engineer Assistant Statistical Officer Assistant Statistical Officer Statistical Investigator Statistical Investigator Statistical Investigator

Census Questionnaire

Appendix -II

33

..Community Report: Sunamganj