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Sterlite Optical Technologies Ltd

Mixing of G655 and G652 Fibers in a Network

INDIA

October 6, 2003

Discussion Outline
There are various points to consider while mixing NZDSF (G655) with standard SMF (G652): Joint Loss One Way OTDR anomaly Link Chromatic Dispersion Link Dispersion Slope Cutoff Wavelength Non linear effects.
Confidential October 6, 2003

Optical Fiber Parameters

MFD (m)

Effective area (m2) 72

Slope (Ps/km/n (ps/nm*km) m2) 4.5 0.085

D1550

Cable Cutoff (nm) 1480

NZDSF (LEA) (G655) NZDSF (RS) (G655) SMF (G652)

9.4

8.3

52

4.0

0.045

1260

10.5

80

17

0.080

1260

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October 6, 2003

Joint Loss
The joint loss can be influenced by difference in their Mode Field Diameters(MFD) and refractive index profiles The loss due to joining fiber of two different MFDs can be calculated by Loss(dB) = -20log[(2MFD1*MFD2)/(MFD12 + MFD22)] MFD manufacturing Tolerances is 0.4 m. which gives joint loss of 0.008dB Single Fiber Fusion Splice Loss(dB) at 1550nm G655 Large Effective Area(LEA) to Standard SMF (G652) G655 Reduced slope (RS)
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Calculated added Loss 0.035 0.077


October 6, 2003

One Way OTDR Anomaly


Principle of OTDR measurement depends upon the MFD of the fiber OTDR gives anomalous reading while measuring the joint which having two different fibers of different MFDs. The error is calculated by OTDR Error (dB) = 10log[MFD2/MFD1] Splice of G655 (LEA) to G652 G655 (RS) One Way Error(dB) 0.48 0.49

This shows that OTDR error are very large in compare to true splice loss True Joint loss is obtained by averaging the results of the two OTDR measurements
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Link Chromatic Dispersion

Chromatic Dispersion of among the single mode fibers are different D1550 (ps/nm*km) G655 (LEA) G655 (RS) G652 4.5 4.0 17 Dispersion Limited Distance at 10Gb/s (Km) 230 260 60

Dispersion coefficient of mixed fibers is calculated by Dmix = (DG655xLG655 + DG652xLG652)/(LG655+LG652) Where, D = Dispersion Coefficient at predetermine wavelengths L = Length of fiber used in networking
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Link Chromatic Dispersion


A route containing a mixture of two fibers will have a distance limit between the either one This is the one way of looking on the selection of DCF module

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October 6, 2003

Link Dispersion Slope


Dispersion Slope of different single mode fibers are not same. Dispersion Slope of mixed fiber link can can be calculated by: Smix = (SG655xLG655 + SG652xLG652)/(LG655+LG652) Where, S = Slope of given fiber at predetermined wavelength L = Length of given type of fiber Relative Dispersion Slope (RDS) of mixed fiber is determined by RDSmix = Smix/Dmix

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October 6, 2003

Link Dispersion Slope


Ideally RDS of DCF module should be identical to the RDS of transmitted fiber RDS (1/nm) NZDSF (LEA) (G655) NZDSF (RS) (G655) SMF (G652) Standard DCF Wideband DCF NZDSF DCF True wave RS fiber DCF
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0.01 0.02 0.0035 0.0022 0.0035 0.0064 0.01


October 6, 2003

Link Dispersion Slope


By calculating through above formula. RDS (Relative Dispersion Slope) of mixed fiber comprise of 60Km of SMF (G652) and 40 km of NZDSF (LEA) (G655) is 0.0058 which is almost identical to RDS of NZDSF DCF 0.0064 It helps us to choose different DCF module Lengths of the different fiber for mixing can be calculated for particular DCF module.

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October 6, 2003

Cutoff Wavelength
ITU recommended cable cutoff of different Single mode fiber Cable Cutoff Standard SMF (G652) NZDSF (655) (LEA) NZDSF (655) (RS) 1260nm 1480nm 1260nm

Since all WDM system (CWDM and DWDM) is optimized for C band (1530 1565nm) and L band (1565 1625nm), and also the attenuation at these wavelength is less compare to O band (1310 1350nm) The present and future networking is moving towards C and L band, for this G655 (LEA) is compatible with SMF (G652)
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Non-Linear Effects
Nonlinear effects mostly depend upon Effective area of the fiber hence it depend upon its MFD Non linear Effects 1/effective area Effective area (m2) SMF G652 NZDSF G655 (LEA) NZDSF G655 (RS) 80 72 52 MFD (m) 10.5 9.4 8.3

NZDSF(LEA) has high effective area then other NZDS Fiber, so it is most compatible with SMF (G652) Nonlinear effects is complex interaction of different parameters, so detail computer simulations are generally performed to assess fiber performance with a given transmission system
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Conclusion
While mixing NZDSF (G655) with standard SMF (G652) following points are considered. 1.Joint Loss 2.One Way OTDR anomaly 3.Link Chromatic Dispersion 4.Link Dispersion Slope 5.Cutoff Wavelength and 6.Non linear effects. Out of six the top five are quantified,except Nonlinear effects which further reduced by using high effective area NZDSF (LEA), and by detail computer analysis. With the mixing of G655 with G652 we have advantage of dispersion and dispersion slope over pure G652 cable, which provides longer span length for regenerator with large operating window. Mixing of different fiber has slightly higher splice loss then same fiber
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About the Author

Salaj Sinha, Associate General Manager Technical Sales Sterlite Optical Technologies is responsible for promotion of new products and applications for Sterlites range of Optical Fiber Solutions. Salaj Sinha joined Sterlite in 1995 and his key focus area has been manufacturing, product development and projects. Salaj Sinha holds a Bachelor Degree in Chemical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-Kanpur).

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October 6, 2003