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BEng Telecommunications Engineering

Cohort: BEngTel/10B/FT

Examinations for 2011- 2012 / Semester 2


Instructions to Candidates:
1. Answer all questions. 2. Questions may be answered in any order but your answers must show the question number clearly. 3. Always start a new question on a fresh page. 4. All questions carry equal marks. 5. Total marks 100.

This question paper contains 4 questions and 10 pages.

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(a) What is the physical meaning of the divergence of a vector field? (2 marks)


State in your own words the divergence theorem as applied to the flux of a vector field. Express it in the form of an equation. (3 marks)


Given the vector field F = x2 x+ xy y + yz z , find the divergence of F. (2 marks)


Find the volume integral of the divergence of F over a unit cube one unit on each side situated in the first octant of the Cartesian coordinate system with one corner at the origin a shown in figure 1 below. z (2 marks) 1 1 1 1 x figure 1 y


Evaluate the surface integral over (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vii) the back face : x=0 the front face : x=1 the left face : y=0 the right face : y=1 the top face : z=1 the bottom face z=0 (2 marks) (2 marks) (2 marks) (2 marks) (2 marks) (2 marks)

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Find the overall surface integral of F bounded by the volume of the unit cube. (2 marks)


Does the divergence theorem hold in this case? Justify your answer. (2 marks)


(a) State Gausss law. Under what conditions is Gauss law especially useful in determining the electric field intensity of a charge distribution? (3 marks) (b) Derive the relation between the electric field intensity E and the electric flux D at the surface of a sphere of radius r enclosed by a charge Q. (3 marks) (c) The volume in spherical coordinates described by


of figure 2 contains a uniform charge density . Show that the electric field intensity E is such that:

r ar 3 o

r a

a3 ar r a 3 o r 2
(3+3 marks)


Sketch the graph of E against r starting at the origin. (3 marks)

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Use Gauss law to compute the electric flux density D for r a and r a and compare your results with the values of E in part (c) above. (4 marks)


What point charge at the origin will result in the same value D field for r>a? (1 marks)

figure 2


A point charge Q is moved from infinity to a point near the sphere on a radius r = b where b > a. Find the potential difference Vab. (3 marks)


Determine the work done in moving the charge from r = b to the point where r = a. (2 marks)

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(a) (i) (ii) (iii) Explain the following terms with the help of an equation: magnetic susceptibility relative permeability reluctance of ferromagnetic core.

(1+1+1 marks)


A toroidal iron core of relative permeability 3000 has a mean radius R = 80 mm and a circular cross section with radius b = 25 mm. An air gap Lg=3 mm exists and a current I flows in a 500 turns winding to produce a magnetic flux of 10-5 Wb as shown in figure 3 below. Neglecting leakage and using mean path length, determine:

(i) (ii) (iii)

the reluctances of the air gap and of the iron core. (2+3marks) Bg and Hg in the air gap and Bc and Hc in the iron core. (2+2+2+2 marks) the required current I. (3 marks)

figure 3

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Determine the self inductance of the toroidal coil. Obtain an approximate equation for assuming b << R (6 marks)


(a) What do you understand by a transverse electromagnetic wave? (2 marks) (b) What is meant by the intrinsic impedance of free space? Write down its equation and value. (3 marks) (c)

figure 4

The configuration shown in figure 4 uses a one shorted stub of length

l s placed at a distance x1 from the load. In order to accomplish

matching, (i) (ii) Determine x1 such that Determine

y( x1 ) 1 jb1

l s such that y (l s ) 0 jb1

j 0 and VSWR=1from x1 to l
(13 marks) Page 6 of 10

After matching, y ( x1 ) 1


Using the concept of Maxwells equation, explain how waves propagate in waveguides. (7 marks)


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Some useful identities

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