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GEOTECHNICAL REPORT

CONSTRUCTION OF NEW 11 KV MAIN INTAKE (72MW) SABRIYA-C & RAUDHATAIN(E SUBSTATION (CONTRACT No. 11050136
Prepared for

(Kuwait Oil Company (K.S.C


.P.O Box: 9758, Ahmadi State of Kuwait

Prepared by

(National Petroleum Services Company (K.S.C.C


P.O. Box 9801 Ahmadi, Kuwait 61008 Phone: +965 22251000; Fax: +965 22251010

Date: 15 May 2012 Report Number: NAPESCO/SI/05/012-002

DOCUMENT HISTORY

Issue

Date

Description Final Soil Investigation Report Ref: NAPESCO/SI/05/012-001

Prepared

Checked

Approved

<01>

May-12-15

Eng. S.S

Dr. H.F

Eng. K.J

1.

ENGINEERING PROPERTIES OF ON-SITE SOIL A summary of subsurface soil profile parameters is presented in Tables A.1 below which was derived from the analyses of the penetration resistances, soil types encountered and laboratory test results and accumulated experience with similar types of soil in Kuwait.
Table A.1: Generalized Subsurface Soil Profile Parameters.
Depth Below (EGL in (m Type Soil SPT 'N' Values

Degree

E MPa

G MPa

K MPa

M MPa

0.5m - 2.5m 2.5m - 6.5m 6.5m - 10.0m

SM SP-SM SC-SM

24 >50 >50

30 31 36

In the above tables,


- Angle of Internal Friction.


E - Elastic Modulus, based on N values; G- Shear Modulus K- Bulk Modulus M- Longitudinal Modulus

- Lames First Parameter


- Poisson's Ratio.

2.

FOUNDATION AND BEARING CAPACITY RECOMMENDATIONS The choice of particular type of foundation depends upon the character of the soil, the presence of groundwater at site, the magnitude of the imposed loads and the project characteristics. For this particular case, the following prevailing site conditions exist: 1. 2. 3. 4. The proposed project envisages the construction of the New Houses in South Ahmadi. At the time of investigation, no groundwater table was encountered up to the end of borehole levels. The details of the encountered subsurface materials with field test results can be found out from borehole logs (Attachment). The generalized geological strata are as follows:

Based on the results of the field Investigation, the sub-surface condition occurring across the site can be summarized below in table A.2

Table A.2 General Sub-Surface Profile Approximate Reduced Level with Respect to the EGL

Layer Designation

0.0m to 2.5m below the Very loose to loose becoming medium dense, pale brown / pale EGL brown to brown / pale reddish brown, silty SAND (SM), locally R.L with few / traces of sub-angular to sub-rounded fine gravel. (+90.623 to +88.123)

Loose to medium dense becoming dense and very dense, pale brown / pale brown to pale yellowish brown / pale yellowish red / pale reddish brown, medium to fine / coarse to fine SAND with silt 2.5m to 6.5m below the (SP-SM), locally with traces of sub-angular to sub-rounded fine EGL gravel. (In BH-04, from 2.0m to the end of the Drilled depth) R.L (+88.123 to +84.123) *In BH-05 & BH-09, locally embedded with poorly graded SAND (SP) *In BH-33, locally embedded with medium to fine silty SAND (SM)

Medium dense to dense becoming very dense, pale reddish brown / pale brown to pale yellowish brown, coarse to fine silty / clayey 6.5m to 10.0m below the SAND (SC-SM), locally with few / traces of sub-angular to subEGL rounded fine gravel. R.L (+84.123 to +80.623) *In BH-13, locally embedded with poorly graded SAND (SP) *In BH-15, locally embedded with hard cemented sandy SILT / CLAY (ML /CL)

10.0m to 20.0m below the EGL R.L (+80.623 to +70.623)

Very loose to loose becoming medium dense and dense, pale brown to brown, coarse to fine silty SAND (SM), with traces of sub-angular to sub-rounded fine gravel.

Medium dense becoming very dense, pale brown, coarse to fine silty / clayey SAND (SC-SM).

According to the general discussion presented above and taking into consideration the type of the proposed structures and subsurface conditions, it is recommended for shallow foundations (Isolated / Strip / Raft) to be used for the proposed structures. The foundation depth & width may vary according to architectural requirements, the following; 2.1 Bearing Capacity Recommendations for Shallow Foundations (Isolated / Strip & Raft)
Page 2 of 6 KOC Contract # 11050136 Soil Investigation Works for Engineering Works

(KOC WO#001) Project EF/1890 Replacement of Instrument Air & Plant Air System in SEK GCs National Petroleum Services Company (KSCC), Kuwait

Allowable bearing pressure to be determined using practical experiences, the results obtained from the field standard penetration tests, the empirical equations developed by Terzaghi and Peck, Meyerhof equation modified by Bowles and taking into consideration a safety factor of three against shear failure of the soil. By adopting the above mentioned techniques, the net allowable bearing capacity values for Isolated / Strip footings and Raft Foundations are provided in Table B.1 and B.2.below. The values were evaluated for a 25mm maximum allowable settlement for Strip / Isolated footings and 50mm for Raft foundations by using Terzaghi and Peck chart (Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice, 1967). The coefficients of sub-grade reaction, k is also provided in Table B.3. below;
Table B.1: Bearing Capacity for 25mm maximum allowable settlement Isolated Footing

Depth of Foundation below the (EGL(m 1.0 1.5 2.0 3.0

Type of Foundation

(Net Allowable Bearing Capacity (kg/cm2 (Footing Width (m 1.0 1.5 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0

1.7
Isolated / Strip

1.5 1.8 2.1 2.6

1.4 1.7 1.9 2.5

1.3 1.5 1.7 2.2

1.2 1.4 1.7 2.1

1.2 1.4 1.6 2.0

2.2 2.5 2.7

Table B.2: Bearing Capacity for 50mm maximum allowable settlement Raft Foundation

Depth of Foundation below the (EGL(m 1.0 1.5

Type of Foundation Raft / Mat

(Net Allowable Bearing Capacity (kg/cm2 (Footing Width (m 10 15 20 25 30 50

1.7 2.2

1.5 1.8

1.4 1.7

1.3 1.5

1.2 1.4

1.2 1.4
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KOC Contract # 11050136 Soil Investigation Works for Engineering Works

(KOC WO#001) Project EF/1890 Replacement of Instrument Air & Plant Air System in SEK GCs National Petroleum Services Company (KSCC), Kuwait

2.0 3.0

2.5 2.7

2.1 2.6

1.9 2.5

1.7 2.2

1.7 2.1

1.6 2.0

Table B.3: Modulus of Sub-grade Reaction (ks) Depth of Foundation below the (EGL(m 1.0 1.5 2.0 3.0 Raft / Mat (Modulus of Sub-grade Reaction (ks) (MN/m (Footing Width (m 10 15 20 25 30 50

Type of Foundation

14.4 15.0 16.2 16.8

12.0 13.2 13.8 15.0

10.8 11.4 12.6 13.8

9.6 10.8 12.0 12.6

9.0 9.6 10.8 11.4

7.2 7.8 9.0 9.6

It must be recognized that, a total of forty four (44) boreholes were drilled for this soil investigation, forty two (42) boreholes to a depth of about 10.0m and two (2) boreholes to a depth of 20.0m below the existing ground level (EGL). This report is based on the results of the borehole at the particular site only, therefore the possible soil conditions may be different at other locations of the site not covered by the boreholes. The locations of the drilled boreholes are shown on the provided Borehole Location Plan in Appendix B attached to this report. The following are additional recommendations: The ground below the foundation must be well compacted to a minimum 98% Maximum Dry Density (MDD) based on ASTM D-1557 (Modified Proctor) and the quality of compaction strictly monitored and verified by Field Density Tests (ASTM D-1556). Prior to construction of the foundation, it is advisable to place a blinding layer of lean concrete with thickness of at least 10cm and with strength of not less than 100kg/cm2. It is to be ensured that no percolating pits, contaminated or loose soil exist below or near the proposed foundation.
Page 4 of 6 KOC Contract # 11050136 Soil Investigation Works for Engineering Works

(KOC WO#001) Project EF/1890 Replacement of Instrument Air & Plant Air System in SEK GCs National Petroleum Services Company (KSCC), Kuwait

Care should be taken during excavation to minimize disturbance of the natural soil at the level of the foundation. A suitable shoring system designed by specialist shoring contractors shall be adopted for the part of the building with basement.

2.2 Rankine Earth Pressure Coefficients The lateral loads resulting from wind, earth pressure, etc. are resisted by mobilization of friction between the foundation and the supporting soil and passive pressure of the soil. A coefficient of friction of 0.40 may be used for cast-in-situ concrete and the soil and a value of 0.25 may be used for pre-cast concrete and the soil. Preliminary design of earth retaining structures may be carried out using the following soil parameters:
Sl. No

Parameters Angle of Shearing Resistance- Unit Weight of Soil- (kN/m3) Active Pressure Coefficient- Ka Passive Pressure Coefficient- Kp Earth Pressure Coef. at Rest- Ko

0.5m -2.5m

2.5m-6.5m

6.5m - 10m

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

It is the designers responsibility to check the stability of earth retaining structures and slope protection system. The following Tables & Appendices are attached and complete this report: TABLES 1.0 2.0 Net Allowable Bearing Capacity for Isolated / Strip Footings Net Allowable Bearing Capacity for Raft Foundation

APPENDICES

A1 A2 A3 B C

- Revised Unified Soil Classification System ASTM D-2487 - Key to Borehole Log - Boreholes Logs. - Laboratory Testing (Sieve Analysis) - Borehole Location Plan.
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KOC Contract # 11050136 Soil Investigation Works for Engineering Works

(KOC WO#001) Project EF/1890 Replacement of Instrument Air & Plant Air System in SEK GCs National Petroleum Services Company (KSCC), Kuwait

Respectfully Submitted,
NATIONAL PETROLEUM SERVICES COMPANY (K.S.C.C)

Page 6 of 6 KOC Contract # 11050136 Soil Investigation Works for Engineering Works

(KOC WO#001) Project EF/1890 Replacement of Instrument Air & Plant Air System in SEK GCs National Petroleum Services Company (KSCC), Kuwait