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EG REACTOR DESIGN

At the conditions oI T 195 C and P15 atm , isothermal Plug Flow reactor is used.


As we are using %90 excess of water, reaction will be Pseudo First Order reaction.

n=1
CA=Cao(1-X
A
)



k=0,23 min
-1
Conversion =0,80
Total molar flow rate in = Fti= 7111,5 kmol/h
EO=646,5 kmol/h
Water= 6465,5kmol/h
E (Activation Energy) = 110 kJ/mole
As we know the formula for the volume of the reactor
By integration,
}

=
A
A A
A
A
X
X kC
dX
F V
0
) 1 (
/
0
0

) 1 ln(
1
/
0
0 A
A
A X
kC
F V =

We need 0 A C and 0 A F ;
Total Molar Flow Rate In= 0 A F = 7111,5 kmol/h
0 A C = kmoles of Ethylene Oxide/Volume of the mixture
kmoles of Ethylene Oxide = 646,5 kmol/h
Now we need Volume of the mixture;
Volume of the mixture = Total weight of the mixture/Density of the mixture
Total weight of the mixture = 144845,91 kg/h

Now Density of the mixture;
Density of Water ( O H2 ) =
] 5340 . 2
)
4713 . 6
468
1 ( 1 [
01
00
01
02
) 4870 . 2 (
3910 . 4

+
+

+
E
E
E
E

By solving the above Equation
Density of Water =
( )
722 . 1
2487 . 0
391 . 4
= |
.
|

\
|
091 . 0
391 . 4
=48.25 kmole/m
3
=48.25kmole/ m
3
* 18 kg/kmole
Density of Water ( O H2 ) =868.5 kg/ m
3

Density of Ethylene Oxide ( EO) =
( )
] )
15 . 469
468
1 ( 1 [
2696 . 0
26024 . 0
836 . 1
+

By solving the above Equation
=
( )
19775 . 1
26024 . 0
836 . 1

= |
.
|

\
|
199 . 0
836 . 1

= 9.226 kmole/m
3
= 9.226 kmole/m
3
* 44 kg/kmole
Density of Ethylene Oxide ( EO) = 405.9 kg/ m
3

Now
Density of the mixture =
(

|
.
|

\
|
+
(

|
.
|

\
|
5 . 868
91 , 144845
116370
9 . 405
91 , 144845
91 , 28475

= (0.09*405.9) + (0.91*868.5)
= 826,866 kg/ m
3
By using Equation for Volume of the mixture, so
Volume of the mixture =

= 175,175 m
3
And
0 A C =

= 3.654 kmol/m
3

Now
) 1 ln(
0
0
A
A
X
kC
FA
V =
By putting the values, we get


Volume of PFR = 20,65 m
3
Residence Time:
/ o V v t =
= 20,65/175,175
= 7,07 min.
Length of Pipe:
Volume of reactor = V = /4 (D
2
L)
L/D = 200 (P.F.R)
L = 200 * D
V = 50 D
3
D = (V/50 )
1/3

D = (20,65/50* )
1/3
D = 0.508 m
L = 200 * 0.52 = 101,7 m
Selection of Pipe:
Nominal Pipe Size = 2 Schedule No. 80
Required Flow Area for Plug Flow = /4 (0.508)
2

= 0.203 m
2

Flow Area of 2, Schedule No. 80
I.D = 1.939 in=0,04925 m
O.D = 2,38 in = 0,065 m
Flow Area of one tube = 1.9048 * 10
-3
m
2

No. of pipes required/pass = 0.203/1.9048 * 10
-3
= 107 pipes
Assume 8 passes:-
Length of each pipe = 107/8
= 13,37 m
Length of pipe = 101,7/8 =12,7 m
Total no. of pipes = 107 * 8
= 856 pipes
Thus Total pipe passes = 8