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of where this shot has to go in order to make the next one easier. 4.

Remember the good shots, forget the bad ones. Anger and frustration are the ruin of conMore information is available in the book not centration and you can't hit properly if you're presented here in this summary. not thinking properly. Give yourself a cheery thought: By playing to Summary your own Personal par, even without improving your shot-making ability, you should be able to What Price Jack Nicklaus break 100 which mask you better than four mil1. Avoid that fatal fascination for the driver. lion North American Golfers. There are 14 clubs in your bag, and it's just one Fun and Profit on the Driving Range of them. A preoccupation with trying to hit the ball out of sight almost always courts disaster. 1.Only five fingers grip the club: the last three 2. Count every stroke, no matter how much it fingers of the left hand and the middle two fingers hurts. Just by knowing that everything counts of the right. Everything else is along for the ride. you "psych" yourself into playing the game seri2. If your grip is correct, you should be able to ously. see no more than a peeping view of the first 3. Use the club that gives you the best chance knuckles of the left hand; the Vs of your forefinof getting the job done, no matter what you see gers and thumbs should point toward your right others using, or no matter what the routine shoulder; and the backs of both hands must choice might indicate. Be realistic about your ca- point straight to the target. pabilities. There's no dishonor in needing more 3. The left elbow is straight, inside of the elbow club than the other fellow. That old saying is re- pointing out; the right elbow is slightly bent, inally true: it's not how, it's how many. side of the elbow canting slightly in toward the 4. Take your time with every stroke, and put middle o the body. the gallery out of your mind while you're making 4. Don't worry if any of the positions described your shot. It is fantastically difficult to get a good feel at first to be a little awkward or uncomfortshot away if your mind is on the people around able when you stand at address. What's imporyou. And if you run up against a fellow who is tant is that it will feel right at the moment of doing something really distracting, just step away impact. from your ball and look at him. That's usually 5. Remember, you control the swing with the enough to shut him up. But remember, once he's left hand, you hit the ball with the right in that shut up, forget him completely. order. 5. Don't preselect your club. Wait till you are 6. Always think in terms of a grip which allows standing at the ball before hauling the weapon you to start the backswing by shoving the clubout of the bag. head backward, low, along the grass. Do not 6. Don't try to thread a recovery shot through allow the grip which permits you in fact, invites an impenetrable forest. In this case, the shortest you to lift the clubhead straight up and over distance between two points is usually L-shaped. your head. 7. At address, keep both wrists turned down Whose Par Is Whose (firing at his feet) to minimize any tendency to ei1. We all shoot better than we score. Save ther break the straight line from shoulder to back your old scorecards and find out what your Per- of hand, or to cock the wrists prematurely. sonal Par really is - then go after it. The Stance: Where and How to Find It 2. Study your course. Learn its good points and bad points as they apply to your own game. 1. The ball is always hit off the left heel. 3. Play it stroke by stroke. Always be thinking 2. The weight is on the left foot more than the

The Duffers Guide to Bogey Golf By Brian Swarbrick (c) 1973

right. 3. Dont get onto your toes, always keep your weight on your heels. 4. Keeping the back straight, sag at the knees slightly as if sitting down to the ball. This sets you up for the proper knee action, reduces the tendency to tip forward onto the toes, and gives your body a little slack to protect against being pulled off balance in the backswing. 5. Get used to the idea that you are going to place your feet no wider than shoulder width apart. In dufferdom, the big spread does not produce power. 6. Address the ball by taking a position along a line drawn from the target to the ball, not the other way around. Start off the lining-up procedure by approaching the ball from behind, along this imaginary line, rather than from the side. You Cant get Away With Murder 1. Concentrate on developing a proper swing and forget about trying to hit the ball. 2. Start the backswing by moving the knees and hips into the turn; start the downswing the same way. Do not start either process with the shoulders. 3. Practice your exercises until you can feel the clubhead weight at the top of the backswing, and all the way through the downswing. If you cant feel the weight of the clubhead, you have lost your crack-the-whip momentum. 4. With the feet firmly planted, develop a full body twist, which provides the initial momentum for the knees and hips to whip into the downswing. 5. Remember, start your take-away by shoving the clubhead back across the grass, and not by lifting it over your head. Tell Yourself What Not to Do 1. When youre trying to correct a fault, work at it from both directions simultaneously. Tell yourself what you have to do but also tell yourself what not to do. 2. This chapter contains two lists: why it went right, and why it went wrong. Learn both of them. After every shot you should be able to say, because I did such and such, so and so happened.

It will strengthen your strong points and make you aware of your weaknesses in a constructive way. 3. Become practiced in the forward press. It makes for a much smoother take-away than trying it cold, from an absolutely stationary position. 4. Slow down your backswing. That ball isnt going anywhere until you hit it. 5. When you reach the top of the backswing, dont start to hit the ball. Turn your hips instead. Its the only way to get back down again smoothly. The List: First lets review the proper golfing stroke and how it is achieved. The hands grip the club in such a way that the back of the left hand and the palm of the right point directly toward the target. The left arm is straight, with the inside of the elbow pointing out from the body, and there is very little bend in the line from the left shoulder to the clubhead. The right arm is bent, relaxed, with the right elbow held comfortably close to the body. Both hands are turned down at the wrists, as if firing six-shooters into the ground in front of you. Because the left arm is straight and the hand is turned down, you cannot pick the clubhead off the grass. All you can do is shove it backward. Because the left side controls the backswing in this sweeping or shoving motion, the clubhead is forced to take the long way round to the top of the swing. And because the left side will control most of the return trip, save the last 12 inches of the impact area, the clubhead will benefit from a very long arc in its downward path, thereby picking up more and more speed. Because the downswing is initiated at the hips, with the clubhead being the last segment of the chain to get the message, the inertia caused by the clubheads weight resisting the reversal of direction will cause the shaft to bend. Because the golfers wrists are the second last segment of the chain to experience the crackthe-whip effect and because they experience this effect just as they enter the impact area, they will be forced to uncock with great power.

Because the wrists uncock at this precise moment, the bowed shaft will be forced to straighten out with a vicious snap, which will tremendously increase the speed of the clubhead as it encounters the back of the ball. Because the speed of the clubhead is so great, and because there is still momentum in the body, the clubhead will shoot out toward the target until it reaches the limit of the golfers extended arms, eventually bringing the whole body around into what is known as the high finish. The golfers navel will be aimed directly at the target, and the ball will go rocketing toward its goal as if fired directly from the belly button. The ball will go straight because the golfers feet were properly positioned to send it straight, and because the golfers hands brought the face of the clubhead into the back of the ball in a perfectly square position. Hurray! Now, lets see what happens when we do it wrong. First the hands grip the club in a position which makes it easier to lift the clubhead up rather than move the clubhead around the body, they continue to do so by bending the elbows, taking the line of least resistance. Because the bent arms no longer need the left hip to help shove the clubhead into its arc, the hips are left virtually stationary, still at the position of address. Because the whole body has not been employed in the big, extended arc of a full backswing the swing is more of loop than an arc, more of a circle than an ellipse, and the clubhead is sent not around the turned shoulders but over and behind the head. Because there is almost no turned body to turn back (it remained more or less at the position of address), the golfer has no other alternative than to start hitting the ball from the top of the swing, using only his arms and shoulders, producing force rather than momentum. Because the clubhead was over and behind the golfers head at the top of the swing, it returns along the same path, finally meeting the ball along a line known as outside-in which means that the clubhead crossed the downswing, and then met the ball as it again crossed

the intended line of flight on its way inside. Because this outside-in downswing allowed the clubface to slide across the back of the ball at the moment of impact (rather than meeting the back of the ball squarely), the ball started off with a clockwise spin, on it. Because the clubface cannot be effectively kept square with this kind of swing, it was allowed to fall open, increasing the loft of the clubface and increasing the clockwise spin, and also adding bottom spin. Because it is spinning up and to the right, the ball will go up and to the right. Because we will probably never see it again, I hope you brought plenty of spares. Putting It All Together 1. Never try to hit the ball as hard as you can. By saving a little something, youre buying a little extra smoothness, which will make the ball go further in the long run. 2. In the first 12 inches of take-away you should be able (out of the corner of your eye) to see the clubhead begin to curve inside the intended line of flight. If you cant see it by then, its unlikely its going to happen later which means youll be hitting outside-i and that means a slice. 3. Every once in a while, stop at the top of the backswing and try to turn the toe of your club toward the sky. Its a good check to see if youre keeping your clubface square throughout the swing (toe up, clubhead square, toe down or back, clubhead open). Your left hand should be on top of the shaft at the top of the backswing, and your right hand should be under the shaft. 4. Dont try to cure a slice by aiming left or toeing in the clubhead. Correct your grip and your swing, not the course or the equipment. 5. Dont try to get the shaft parallel to the ground at the top of the backswing at the expense of the proper grip. An overswing is much worse than a slightly shortened backswing. 6. Strive to achieve a late hit, by getting all of your body through the shot before the clubhead gets there. It should help to practice aiming the butt of the shaft at the ball as long as you can in the downswing.

7. Keep your head steady but not rigid over the ball. The shoulders turn under the chin, while the chin remains as stationary as possible. 8. Dont try to swing while youre still worried about something else. Confidence is required in concentration, and concentration is required in every shot. Whats So Tough About Bogey? 1. Get your definitions straight. When youre in trouble youre in the rough, or the trap, or the water; when youre in danger, those are the places youre going to be in if your present shot goes wrong. Recognize a dangerous lie when you get to it, and then head for safety before you get into more trouble. 2. Use your scorecard to keep a three-way running check on your game: how many strokes youve played, how many strokes youve lost through inexperience, and how many strokes youve lost because you didnt think. It may take you a whole season to stop slicing, but you could stop making bad decisions today, if you tried. 3. Spend five minutes a day on getting in physical shape for golf. Youll feel better, youll live longer, and it will speed up the time it takes to get your game in shape. Those Last Few Yards to Glory 1. Theres a big difference between going for the green and going for the cup. Go for the smaller target as soon as you can. Often the duffer will be well within range for a precision shot, and waste the opportunity by not recognizing it. He fails to hit the target because he failed to try. 2. Take a few practice swings before every shot, particularly before the precision shots: the approaches and the putts. You should be able to trim the grass in practice before you try to hit the ball. Dont try to hit it until you can. 3. Never try to hit the ball softly. Every shot in the repertoire must be crisp and authoratative. 4. When in doubt about distance, over-club yourself and swing easily, rather than trying to strain a few extra yards by overswinging. 5. Always be willing to go a shade long. According to the old saying, If its not up, it will never go in. Duffers are notorious for shooting

short. 6. If you tend to tense up when faced with a delicate little chip, start your practice sequence by hitting it too big, and then systematically reduce the swing to the right weight. The shorter the shot, the smoother it must be. 7. If you cant judge weight easily, imagine youre lobbing the ball underhand, then stroke it with what feels like the smae amount of effort. 8. When you get in the sand, remember that the first requirement is to get out any way you can. 9. Remember, the explosion shot from sand is exactly that, an explosion of sand caused by your club biting in a couple of inches behind the ball and then carrying through. Its the followthrough which makes it an explosion; otherwise its just an earth tremor, and that wont get the ball out. Happiness Is a One-Putt Green 1. Approach each putt with confidence. If you think you can make it, frequently youre right. If you dont think you can make it, chances are you wont even try. 2. The proper putting stroke sweeps the ball into the cup, it doesnt swoop down and try to knock it in. 3. Follow through with every putt; never jab at the ball. 4. Adopt any grip or stance or body position you want to, as long as it allows you to keep your body steady and does not restrict a smooth, straight stroke. 5. At address, position your hands just a trifle low, so that you dont have to consciously lift the club to free the blade from the grass. 6. Keep your eyes on the ball until you hit it, then keep looking at where the ball was until you hear it drop into the cup. Never lift your head, never look at the cup until the ball completely disappears from your field of vision. 7. Learn how to read the green backward, from the cup back to the ball. Figure out where your ball has to get to roll into the cup, then worry about how to get it there.