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u−v

1 (a) Given that w = , express u in terms of w and v. [2]

1+ u

x + 1 14 − 3 x

(b) Solve the equation − =0. [3]

2x − 3 4x 2 − 9

5x

2 +3

+3

(c) Solve the equation 4 x =8 3 . [3]

2 Tickets to the “Carnival of Arts” fundraising concert were sold by students in a particular

school. The seats were divided into 4 blocks. The number of tickets sold for Friday and

Saturday are summarized in the table below:

Friday 54 95 120 77

Saturday 60 75 118 80

The price per ticket is $25 for Block A, $18 for Block B, $15 for Block C and

$12 for Block D.

(a) Write down a 2 × 4 matrix T to represent the number of tickets sold by the students

for the two days. [1]

(b) Write down a column matrix S to represent the price per seat. [1]

(d) The principal decided to hold the concert for one more day. The price of each ticket

for the seats in Block A was increased while the ticket prices for the other blocks

remained unchanged. What was the new price of each ticket in Block A if $6 950

was raised given that 70 Block A, 90 Block B, 120 Block C and 90 Block D tickets

were sold? [3]

3 In the diagram below, A, B, C, D and E are points on the circle with center O. DC is parallel

to the diameter EB of the circle with center O.

C

D

30°

O G B

E

45°

H

(a) Given that ∠OAC = 45°, ∠ACB = 30°, DEF is a straight line and FAH is a tangent to

the circle, calculate,

(i) ∠AOE, [2]

(ii) ∠BAC, [2]

(iii) ∠AEF. [2]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

4 In the diagram, BC = 4BD and DA = 5DX. M is the midpoint of AC. BD = a and CM = 2b.

2b

X

B a D C

(i) DC ,

(ii) DA ,

(iii) DX . [3]

4

(b) Show that BX = (2a + b). [1]

5

(d) Find

BX

(i) , [1]

BM

area of ∆ABX

(ii) , [1]

area of ∆AMX

area of ∆ABX

(iii) . [2]

area of ∆ABC

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

[Turn over

5 Peter drove from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur and then returned to Singapore. The distance

between Singapore and Kuala Lumpur is approximately 340 km via the North-South

Highway. During the journey from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur, he drove at an average

speed of x km/h.

(a) Write down the time, in hours, taken for the journey from Singapore to Kuala

Lumpur. [1]

(b) On the return journey, his average speed was reduced by 15 km/h. Write down the

time, in hours, taken for his return journey. [1]

(c) Given that the difference in time for the two journeys was 50 minutes, form an

equation in x and show that it reduces to x 2 − 15 x − 6120 = 0 . Hence, solve the

equation, giving your answer correct to one decimal place. [4]

(d) Peter paid a total toll of RM $71.40 for the two journeys. Calculate the total toll he

paid in Singapore dollars given that the exchange rate was S $50 = RM $117.50.

Give your answer correct to the nearest cent. [2]

(e) Peter set off at 22 15 hrs on Saturday for the Singapore-Kuala Lumpur journey.

Find the day on which he arrived in Kuala Lumpur and also give the time of arrival

correct to the nearest minute. [2]

6 (a) The utilities bill of a household consists of three components: water, gas and

electricity. In a certain month, Sam’s household used 18.5 m3 of water, 78 kWh of

gas and 510 kWh of electricity. The tariff rate for water, gas and electricity is

$1.24 per m3, $0.18 per kWh and $0.24 per kWh respectively.

(i) Find the amount payable for water usage. [1]

(ii) Given that the rate of GST on the utilities bill is 7%, find the GST Sam has to

pay. [2]

(b) In the following month, the consumption of gas decreased to 70 kWh, that of

electricity increased by 20%, while the consumption of water remained unchanged.

Calculate

(i) the percentage decrease in the consumption of gas, [1]

(ii) the total utilities bill inclusive of GST to 2 decimal places, [2]

(iii) the percentage change in Sam’s utilities bill inclusive of GST for the two

months, stating whether it is a decrease or increase. [2]

(c) On 1st January 2004, Sam deposited $4 500 in a Platinum-saver account with a

bank. Subsequently on 1st January of each following year, he deposited $4 500 into

the same account. If the bank pays compound interest at 4% per annum and Sam

withdrew all the money in the account on 31st December 2005, how much money

did he get? [3]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

7 (a) 40 students from class Y were weighed and the results, recorded to the nearest

kilogram were as follows.

54 < x ≤ 58 3

58 < x ≤ 62 p

62 < x ≤ 66 9

66 < x ≤ 70 q

70 < x ≤ 74 14

74 < x ≤ 78 5

(i) Show that the values of p and q are 3 and 6 respectively given that the mean

is 68 kg. [3]

(ii) Find the standard deviation of the weights of the students in the class. [2]

(iii) Given that the mean and standard deviation of another class Z is 60 kg and

7 kg respectively, comment on the distribution of the weights of the students

in both classes. [2]

(i) Calculate the probability that if two students in class Y are chosen at random,

one achieved an ideal weight but the other did not. [2]

(ii) Calculate the probability that if three students in class Y are chosen at random,

at least one student achieved the ideal weight. [2]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

[Turn over

8 Figure I shows an open trough, constructed by taking a slice of a cylinder of radius 1.2 m

and length 2.8 m. The cross-section ACB of the trough is a segment of a circle. O is the

center of this circle and ∠AOB = 90°.

0.5 m

O

1.6 m

1.2 m

2.8 m

A B

C

Figure I (trough) Figure II (bucket)

Water is poured into the trough by using a conical bucket shown in Figure II, which has

radius 0.5 m and height 1.6 m. Find

(a) the area of the segment ACB, [2]

(b) the volume of the trough, [1]

(c) the total internal surface area of the trough, [3]

(d) the volume of the bucket. [2]

(e) What is the minimum number of buckets that must be used? [1]

(f) What is the height of the water in the last bucket used in (e) if all earlier buckets

used had been full? Give your answer correct to 1 decimal place. [2]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

9 In a friendly street soccer match, some of the players are positioned in a formation as shown

in the figure below, which is not drawn to scale. W, X, Y and Z are four players on a level

ground. Given that X is on a bearing of 153° from W, ∠WYZ = 51° , ∠WZY = 85° ,

Y is due south of Z, WZ = 7.8 m and WX = 5.6 m.

7.8 m Z

W 85°

153°

5.6 m

51°

X

Y

(a) Calculate

(b) Another player P was standing in the line between W and Y such that he was

nearest to X. Find this distance PX. [2]

(c) A bird was flying at a point 5 m above X. Find the angle of elevation of the bird

from Y, when it was directly above X. [3]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

[Turn over

10 Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper.

7

The variables x and y are connected by the equation y = x + − 6.

x

(a) The table below gives some values of x and the corresponding values of y.

x 0.5 1 2 3.5 5 6 7 8

y p 2 −0.5 q 0.4 1.17 2 2.88

(ii) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on each axis, draw the graph of

7

y = x + − 6 for the values of x in the range 0 < x ≤ 8. [3]

x

1

(b) Draw the line y = − x + 3 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 8. [1]

2

7

(c) Use your graph to find the x-coordinate of a point on the curve y = x + − 6 at

x

which the gradient of the tangent is equal to − 0.5. [1]

(e) By drawing a suitable line on your graph, find the solutions of the equation

2 x 2 − 13 x + 7 = 0 . [3]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

Yr 4 Prelim Exams EM P2 Answer Key

w2 + v

1a) u=

(1 − w)(1 + w)

b) 1.08 or −5.08

c) −0.5 or 3

54 95 120 77

2a) T =

60 75 118 80

25

18

b) S =

15

12

5784

c) TS =

5580

The elements represent the total amount collected on Friday and Saturday from the sale

of the tickets.

d) $35

3ai) 120°

aii) 15°

aiii) 75°

4ai) DC = 3a

aii) DA = 3a + 4b

1

aiii) DX = (3a + 4b)

5

c) BM = 2(2a + b)

2

di)

5

2

ii)

3

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

1

iii)

5

340

5a) time = h

x

340

b) time = h

x − 15

c) 86.1

d) S$30.38

e) 02 12 hrs, Sunday

6ai) $22.94

aii) $11.16

bi) 10.3%

bii) $195.19

c) $9547.20

7aii) 5.73kg

Since x Y is greater than x Z , this shows that the average , weight of students of

aiii)

Since SD Z is greater than SDY , this shows that the spread of weights of

133

bi)

260

469

bii)

520

8a) 0.411m2

b) 1.15m2

2

c) 6.10 m

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

3

d) 0.419m

e) 3

f) 1.5m

9ai) 129°

aii) 10.0m

2

aiii) 11.4 m

b) 2.28m

c) 28.4°

e) 0.6 or 5.9

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

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