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u−v
1 (a) Given that w = , express u in terms of w and v. 
1+ u
x + 1 14 − 3 x
(b) Solve the equation − =0. 
2x − 3 4x 2 − 9
5x
2 +3
+3
(c) Solve the equation 4 x =8 3 . 

2 Tickets to the “Carnival of Arts” fundraising concert were sold by students in a particular
school. The seats were divided into 4 blocks. The number of tickets sold for Friday and
Saturday are summarized in the table below:

Block A Block B Block C Block D

Friday 54 95 120 77
Saturday 60 75 118 80

The price per ticket is \$25 for Block A, \$18 for Block B, \$15 for Block C and
\$12 for Block D.

(a) Write down a 2 × 4 matrix T to represent the number of tickets sold by the students
for the two days. 

(b) Write down a column matrix S to represent the price per seat. 

(c) Find TS and interpret the elements in the matrix. 

(d) The principal decided to hold the concert for one more day. The price of each ticket
for the seats in Block A was increased while the ticket prices for the other blocks
remained unchanged. What was the new price of each ticket in Block A if \$6 950
was raised given that 70 Block A, 90 Block B, 120 Block C and 90 Block D tickets
were sold? 

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim [Turn over

3 In the diagram below, A, B, C, D and E are points on the circle with center O. DC is parallel
to the diameter EB of the circle with center O.

C
D

30°
O G B
E

45°
H

(a) Given that ∠OAC = 45°, ∠ACB = 30°, DEF is a straight line and FAH is a tangent to
the circle, calculate,
(i) ∠AOE, 
(ii) ∠BAC, 
(iii) ∠AEF. 

(b) Prove that ∆AEF is similar to ∆CAE. 

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
4 In the diagram, BC = 4BD and DA = 5DX. M is the midpoint of AC. BD = a and CM = 2b.

2b
X

B a D C

(a) Express, as simply as possible, in terms of a and/or b,

(i) DC ,
(ii) DA ,
(iii) DX . 

4
(b) Show that BX = (2a + b). 
5

(c) Express BM as simply as possible, in terms of a and b. 

(d) Find

BX
(i) , 
BM
area of ∆ABX
(ii) , 
area of ∆AMX

area of ∆ABX
(iii) . 
area of ∆ABC

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
[Turn over
5 Peter drove from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur and then returned to Singapore. The distance
between Singapore and Kuala Lumpur is approximately 340 km via the North-South
Highway. During the journey from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur, he drove at an average
speed of x km/h.

(a) Write down the time, in hours, taken for the journey from Singapore to Kuala
Lumpur. 

(b) On the return journey, his average speed was reduced by 15 km/h. Write down the
time, in hours, taken for his return journey. 

(c) Given that the difference in time for the two journeys was 50 minutes, form an
equation in x and show that it reduces to x 2 − 15 x − 6120 = 0 . Hence, solve the

(d) Peter paid a total toll of RM \$71.40 for the two journeys. Calculate the total toll he
paid in Singapore dollars given that the exchange rate was S \$50 = RM \$117.50.

(e) Peter set off at 22 15 hrs on Saturday for the Singapore-Kuala Lumpur journey.
Find the day on which he arrived in Kuala Lumpur and also give the time of arrival
correct to the nearest minute. 

6 (a) The utilities bill of a household consists of three components: water, gas and
electricity. In a certain month, Sam’s household used 18.5 m3 of water, 78 kWh of
gas and 510 kWh of electricity. The tariff rate for water, gas and electricity is
\$1.24 per m3, \$0.18 per kWh and \$0.24 per kWh respectively.
(i) Find the amount payable for water usage. 
(ii) Given that the rate of GST on the utilities bill is 7%, find the GST Sam has to
pay. 

(b) In the following month, the consumption of gas decreased to 70 kWh, that of
electricity increased by 20%, while the consumption of water remained unchanged.
Calculate
(i) the percentage decrease in the consumption of gas, 

(ii) the total utilities bill inclusive of GST to 2 decimal places, 

(iii) the percentage change in Sam’s utilities bill inclusive of GST for the two
months, stating whether it is a decrease or increase. 

(c) On 1st January 2004, Sam deposited \$4 500 in a Platinum-saver account with a
bank. Subsequently on 1st January of each following year, he deposited \$4 500 into
the same account. If the bank pays compound interest at 4% per annum and Sam
withdrew all the money in the account on 31st December 2005, how much money
did he get? 

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
7 (a) 40 students from class Y were weighed and the results, recorded to the nearest
kilogram were as follows.

Weight (x kilograms) Frequency

54 < x ≤ 58 3
58 < x ≤ 62 p
62 < x ≤ 66 9
66 < x ≤ 70 q
70 < x ≤ 74 14
74 < x ≤ 78 5

(i) Show that the values of p and q are 3 and 6 respectively given that the mean
is 68 kg. 

(ii) Find the standard deviation of the weights of the students in the class. 

(iii) Given that the mean and standard deviation of another class Z is 60 kg and
7 kg respectively, comment on the distribution of the weights of the students
in both classes. 

(b) To achieve the ideal weight, a student must be 70 kg and below.

(i) Calculate the probability that if two students in class Y are chosen at random,
one achieved an ideal weight but the other did not. 

(ii) Calculate the probability that if three students in class Y are chosen at random,
at least one student achieved the ideal weight. 

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
[Turn over
8 Figure I shows an open trough, constructed by taking a slice of a cylinder of radius 1.2 m
and length 2.8 m. The cross-section ACB of the trough is a segment of a circle. O is the
center of this circle and ∠AOB = 90°.

0.5 m

O
1.6 m
1.2 m
2.8 m
A B

C
Figure I (trough) Figure II (bucket)

Water is poured into the trough by using a conical bucket shown in Figure II, which has
radius 0.5 m and height 1.6 m. Find
(a) the area of the segment ACB, 
(b) the volume of the trough, 
(c) the total internal surface area of the trough, 
(d) the volume of the bucket. 

The trough is to be completely filled with water.

(e) What is the minimum number of buckets that must be used? 
(f) What is the height of the water in the last bucket used in (e) if all earlier buckets

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
9 In a friendly street soccer match, some of the players are positioned in a formation as shown
in the figure below, which is not drawn to scale. W, X, Y and Z are four players on a level
ground. Given that X is on a bearing of 153° from W, ∠WYZ = 51° , ∠WZY = 85° ,
Y is due south of Z, WZ = 7.8 m and WX = 5.6 m.

7.8 m Z

W 85°
153°

5.6 m

51°

X
Y

(a) Calculate

(iii) area of ∆WXY. 

(b) Another player P was standing in the line between W and Y such that he was
nearest to X. Find this distance PX. 

(c) A bird was flying at a point 5 m above X. Find the angle of elevation of the bird
from Y, when it was directly above X. 

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
[Turn over
10 Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper.
7
The variables x and y are connected by the equation y = x + − 6.
x

(a) The table below gives some values of x and the corresponding values of y.

x 0.5 1 2 3.5 5 6 7 8
y p 2 −0.5 q 0.4 1.17 2 2.88

(i) Find the value of p and of q. 

(ii) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on each axis, draw the graph of
7
y = x + − 6 for the values of x in the range 0 < x ≤ 8. 
x

1
(b) Draw the line y = − x + 3 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 8. 
2
7
(c) Use your graph to find the x-coordinate of a point on the curve y = x + − 6 at
x
which the gradient of the tangent is equal to − 0.5. 

(d) Find the range of values of x for which x 2 − 6 x + 7 ≤ 2.5 x . 

(e) By drawing a suitable line on your graph, find the solutions of the equation
2 x 2 − 13 x + 7 = 0 . 

---------- The End of Paper ----------

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
Yr 4 Prelim Exams EM P2 Answer Key

w2 + v
1a) u=
(1 − w)(1 + w)

b) 1.08 or −5.08

c) −0.5 or 3

 54 95 120 77 
2a) T =  
 60 75 118 80 

 25 
 
 18 
b) S = 
15
 
 12 
 

 5784 
c) TS =  
 5580 

The elements represent the total amount collected on Friday and Saturday from the sale
of the tickets.

d) \$35

3ai) 120°

aii) 15°

aiii) 75°

4ai) DC = 3a

aii) DA = 3a + 4b

1
aiii) DX = (3a + 4b)
5

c) BM = 2(2a + b)

2
di)
5

2
ii)
3

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
1
iii)
5

340
5a) time = h
x

340
b) time = h
x − 15

c) 86.1

d) S\$30.38

e) 02 12 hrs, Sunday

6ai) \$22.94

aii) \$11.16

bi) 10.3%

bii) \$195.19

biii) 14.5% (increase)

c) \$9547.20

7aii) 5.73kg

Since x Y is greater than x Z , this shows that the average , weight of students of

class Y is greater than that of class Z . − − − −[ A1]

aiii)
Since SD Z is greater than SDY , this shows that the spread of weights of

students of c lub Z is greater than that of class Y . − − − − − [ A1]

133
bi)
260

469
bii)
520

8a) 0.411m2

b) 1.15m2
2
c) 6.10 m

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
3
d) 0.419m

e) 3

f) 1.5m

9ai) 129°

aii) 10.0m
2
aiii) 11.4 m

b) 2.28m

c) 28.4°

10ai) p = 8.5, q = -0.5

e) 0.6 or 5.9

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim