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Answer all the questions

u−v
1 (a) Given that w = , express u in terms of w and v. [2]
1+ u
x + 1 14 − 3 x
(b) Solve the equation − =0. [3]
2x − 3 4x 2 − 9
5x
2 +3
+3
(c) Solve the equation 4 x =8 3 . [3]

2 Tickets to the “Carnival of Arts” fundraising concert were sold by students in a particular
school. The seats were divided into 4 blocks. The number of tickets sold for Friday and
Saturday are summarized in the table below:

Block A Block B Block C Block D


Friday 54 95 120 77
Saturday 60 75 118 80

The price per ticket is $25 for Block A, $18 for Block B, $15 for Block C and
$12 for Block D.

(a) Write down a 2 × 4 matrix T to represent the number of tickets sold by the students
for the two days. [1]

(b) Write down a column matrix S to represent the price per seat. [1]

(c) Find TS and interpret the elements in the matrix. [3]

(d) The principal decided to hold the concert for one more day. The price of each ticket
for the seats in Block A was increased while the ticket prices for the other blocks
remained unchanged. What was the new price of each ticket in Block A if $6 950
was raised given that 70 Block A, 90 Block B, 120 Block C and 90 Block D tickets
were sold? [3]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim [Turn over


3 In the diagram below, A, B, C, D and E are points on the circle with center O. DC is parallel
to the diameter EB of the circle with center O.

C
D

30°
O G B
E

45°
H

(a) Given that ∠OAC = 45°, ∠ACB = 30°, DEF is a straight line and FAH is a tangent to
the circle, calculate,
(i) ∠AOE, [2]
(ii) ∠BAC, [2]
(iii) ∠AEF. [2]

(b) Prove that ∆AEF is similar to ∆CAE. [2]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
4 In the diagram, BC = 4BD and DA = 5DX. M is the midpoint of AC. BD = a and CM = 2b.

2b
X

B a D C

(a) Express, as simply as possible, in terms of a and/or b,

(i) DC ,
(ii) DA ,
(iii) DX . [3]

4
(b) Show that BX = (2a + b). [1]
5

(c) Express BM as simply as possible, in terms of a and b. [1]

(d) Find

BX
(i) , [1]
BM
area of ∆ABX
(ii) , [1]
area of ∆AMX

area of ∆ABX
(iii) . [2]
area of ∆ABC

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
[Turn over
5 Peter drove from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur and then returned to Singapore. The distance
between Singapore and Kuala Lumpur is approximately 340 km via the North-South
Highway. During the journey from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur, he drove at an average
speed of x km/h.

(a) Write down the time, in hours, taken for the journey from Singapore to Kuala
Lumpur. [1]

(b) On the return journey, his average speed was reduced by 15 km/h. Write down the
time, in hours, taken for his return journey. [1]

(c) Given that the difference in time for the two journeys was 50 minutes, form an
equation in x and show that it reduces to x 2 − 15 x − 6120 = 0 . Hence, solve the
equation, giving your answer correct to one decimal place. [4]

(d) Peter paid a total toll of RM $71.40 for the two journeys. Calculate the total toll he
paid in Singapore dollars given that the exchange rate was S $50 = RM $117.50.
Give your answer correct to the nearest cent. [2]

(e) Peter set off at 22 15 hrs on Saturday for the Singapore-Kuala Lumpur journey.
Find the day on which he arrived in Kuala Lumpur and also give the time of arrival
correct to the nearest minute. [2]

6 (a) The utilities bill of a household consists of three components: water, gas and
electricity. In a certain month, Sam’s household used 18.5 m3 of water, 78 kWh of
gas and 510 kWh of electricity. The tariff rate for water, gas and electricity is
$1.24 per m3, $0.18 per kWh and $0.24 per kWh respectively.
(i) Find the amount payable for water usage. [1]
(ii) Given that the rate of GST on the utilities bill is 7%, find the GST Sam has to
pay. [2]

(b) In the following month, the consumption of gas decreased to 70 kWh, that of
electricity increased by 20%, while the consumption of water remained unchanged.
Calculate
(i) the percentage decrease in the consumption of gas, [1]

(ii) the total utilities bill inclusive of GST to 2 decimal places, [2]

(iii) the percentage change in Sam’s utilities bill inclusive of GST for the two
months, stating whether it is a decrease or increase. [2]

(c) On 1st January 2004, Sam deposited $4 500 in a Platinum-saver account with a
bank. Subsequently on 1st January of each following year, he deposited $4 500 into
the same account. If the bank pays compound interest at 4% per annum and Sam
withdrew all the money in the account on 31st December 2005, how much money
did he get? [3]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
7 (a) 40 students from class Y were weighed and the results, recorded to the nearest
kilogram were as follows.

Weight (x kilograms) Frequency


54 < x ≤ 58 3
58 < x ≤ 62 p
62 < x ≤ 66 9
66 < x ≤ 70 q
70 < x ≤ 74 14
74 < x ≤ 78 5

(i) Show that the values of p and q are 3 and 6 respectively given that the mean
is 68 kg. [3]

(ii) Find the standard deviation of the weights of the students in the class. [2]

(iii) Given that the mean and standard deviation of another class Z is 60 kg and
7 kg respectively, comment on the distribution of the weights of the students
in both classes. [2]

(b) To achieve the ideal weight, a student must be 70 kg and below.

(i) Calculate the probability that if two students in class Y are chosen at random,
one achieved an ideal weight but the other did not. [2]

(ii) Calculate the probability that if three students in class Y are chosen at random,
at least one student achieved the ideal weight. [2]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
[Turn over
8 Figure I shows an open trough, constructed by taking a slice of a cylinder of radius 1.2 m
and length 2.8 m. The cross-section ACB of the trough is a segment of a circle. O is the
center of this circle and ∠AOB = 90°.

0.5 m

O
1.6 m
1.2 m
2.8 m
A B

C
Figure I (trough) Figure II (bucket)

Water is poured into the trough by using a conical bucket shown in Figure II, which has
radius 0.5 m and height 1.6 m. Find
(a) the area of the segment ACB, [2]
(b) the volume of the trough, [1]
(c) the total internal surface area of the trough, [3]
(d) the volume of the bucket. [2]

The trough is to be completely filled with water.


(e) What is the minimum number of buckets that must be used? [1]
(f) What is the height of the water in the last bucket used in (e) if all earlier buckets
used had been full? Give your answer correct to 1 decimal place. [2]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
9 In a friendly street soccer match, some of the players are positioned in a formation as shown
in the figure below, which is not drawn to scale. W, X, Y and Z are four players on a level
ground. Given that X is on a bearing of 153° from W, ∠WYZ = 51° , ∠WZY = 85° ,
Y is due south of Z, WZ = 7.8 m and WX = 5.6 m.

7.8 m Z

W 85°
153°

5.6 m

51°

X
Y

(a) Calculate

(i) the bearing of Y from W, [2]

(ii) WY, [2]

(iii) area of ∆WXY. [3]

(b) Another player P was standing in the line between W and Y such that he was
nearest to X. Find this distance PX. [2]

(c) A bird was flying at a point 5 m above X. Find the angle of elevation of the bird
from Y, when it was directly above X. [3]

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
[Turn over
10 Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper.
7
The variables x and y are connected by the equation y = x + − 6.
x

(a) The table below gives some values of x and the corresponding values of y.

x 0.5 1 2 3.5 5 6 7 8
y p 2 −0.5 q 0.4 1.17 2 2.88

(i) Find the value of p and of q. [2]

(ii) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on each axis, draw the graph of
7
y = x + − 6 for the values of x in the range 0 < x ≤ 8. [3]
x

1
(b) Draw the line y = − x + 3 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 8. [1]
2
7
(c) Use your graph to find the x-coordinate of a point on the curve y = x + − 6 at
x
which the gradient of the tangent is equal to − 0.5. [1]

(d) Find the range of values of x for which x 2 − 6 x + 7 ≤ 2.5 x . [2]

(e) By drawing a suitable line on your graph, find the solutions of the equation
2 x 2 − 13 x + 7 = 0 . [3]

---------- The End of Paper ----------

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
Yr 4 Prelim Exams EM P2 Answer Key

w2 + v
1a) u=
(1 − w)(1 + w)

b) 1.08 or −5.08

c) −0.5 or 3

 54 95 120 77 
2a) T =  
 60 75 118 80 

 25 
 
 18 
b) S = 
15
 
 12 
 

 5784 
c) TS =  
 5580 

The elements represent the total amount collected on Friday and Saturday from the sale
of the tickets.

d) $35

3ai) 120°

aii) 15°

aiii) 75°

4ai) DC = 3a

aii) DA = 3a + 4b

1
aiii) DX = (3a + 4b)
5

c) BM = 2(2a + b)

2
di)
5

2
ii)
3

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
1
iii)
5

340
5a) time = h
x

340
b) time = h
x − 15

c) 86.1

d) S$30.38

e) 02 12 hrs, Sunday

6ai) $22.94

aii) $11.16

bi) 10.3%

bii) $195.19

biii) 14.5% (increase)

c) $9547.20

7aii) 5.73kg

Since x Y is greater than x Z , this shows that the average , weight of students of

class Y is greater than that of class Z . − − − −[ A1]


aiii)
Since SD Z is greater than SDY , this shows that the spread of weights of

students of c lub Z is greater than that of class Y . − − − − − [ A1]

133
bi)
260

469
bii)
520

8a) 0.411m2

b) 1.15m2
2
c) 6.10 m

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim
3
d) 0.419m

e) 3

f) 1.5m

9ai) 129°

aii) 10.0m
2
aiii) 11.4 m

b) 2.28m

c) 28.4°

10ai) p = 8.5, q = -0.5

e) 0.6 or 5.9

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim