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CIRCUIT EQUIVALENT OF A CELL


called eukaryotes , ie those whose DNA is located within a separate compartment from the rest of the cell. [2] ORGANELLES The related organelles in the project, as specified at the beginning of the report, only the most general among eukaryotes . mitochondria : Mitochondria are the energy-producing organelles . The cell needs energy to grow and multiply, and mitochondria contribute almost all of this energy completing the final stages of the decomposition of food molecules . These final stages consist of oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production , process called respiration , its similarity to pulmonary respiration . Golgi apparatus : Among the functions that owns the Golgi are glycosylation of proteins and lipids to produce glycoproteins and glycolipids , selection, destination and polysaccharide synthesis of extracellular matrix . Glycosylation process , which often begins in the endoplasmic reticulum has a great importance as it allows the molecule processed to give special properties. In the case of proteins, for example, its glycosylation leads to the basic components of glycocalyx ( oligosaccharides layer located on the outer face of the plasma membrane ), which has a key role in cellular communication processes and signal transduction Endoplasmic reticulum : Interconnected network of membranes which form tubules and bags ( tanks ) that extend from the nuclear membrane through the cytoplasm . It consists of a network of membranes that form cisterns, flattened sacs and tubes . Delimits an internal space lattice called lumen and is in structural continuity with the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope. The lumen occupies 10 % of the total cell volume . The core : The organ most conspicuous in almost all plant and animal cells is the core , is surrounded by a membrane characteristic shape is spherical and is about 5 microns in diameter . Within the nucleus , DNA molecules and proteins are organized into chromosomes are arranged in pairs appear identical. The chromosomes are very twisted and tangled and difficult to identify separately. But just before the cell divides , condense and acquire sufficient thickness to be detectable as separate structures . Due to the fact that this organelle containing the chromatin , the core tank is practically all the genetic information of the cell, and therefore is the control center of the cellular activity and processes take place in it as important as the self replication or DNA replication before cell division, and transcription or production of various types of ribonucleic acids ( RNAs ), which serve for the synthesis of proteins.

ABSTRACT: By relating the cell with an electronic


circuit, there are several interesting analogies that help us understand the workings of the cell and circuit analysis. For the analogy to be made, we will try to relate each of the cellular organelles with any electronic device in your environment that represents a function biologically similar to that presented in the cell, although it should be noted the complex organization and functioning of the cell, which the analogy is done very superficially, using basic concepts of cell biology, as well as analysis and electronic devices. To perform the procedure, we realize the truth of the analogy, it could be related devices properly raised organelles.

KEYWORDS: cell, cell biology, electrical circuits, equivalence.

1 INTRODUCTION
The cell is the fundamental part of any living organism in morphology, physiology, etc., their organization and operation are very complex, besides each cells differ in function satisfying in its environment, ie can vary their organelles and characteristics. This is why the relationship and the analysis of the cell with the electrical circuit is made considering only main features of all cells, choosing a cell type specific and general organelles in these, in order to generalize our circuit in a field biological. For the electronics, components used known and studied thus far to not complicate subsequent installation and comply with project guidelines. Remember also that of all processes inside and outside of the cell organelles, were taken into account only some not very complex, others as evolution or reproduction were omitted from the analogy made.

2 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
CELL The cell is the smallest structure capable of performing itself three vital functions : nutrition , relationships and reproduction . All living organisms are composed of cells . Some microscopic organisms like bacteria and protozoa , are unicellular , meaning they consist of a single cell. Plants , animals and fungi are multicellular organisms , ie they are composed of many cells that act in concert. [1]

It's called a prokaryotic cell nucleus cells without defined , ie whose genetic material is dispersed in the cytoplasm , meeting in an area called nucleoid. By contrast , cells that do have an cytoplasmic differentiated nucleus ,

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The cytoskeleton : The cytoskeleton is a protein structure that can withstand the plasma membrane , forming structures such as lamellipodia , motion and other intracellular vesicles . Controlled polymerization of tubulin and actin is responsible for the mobility of eukaryotic cells and the shape thereof. The movement of eukaryotic cells is the result of the coordinated action of formation of extensions and retractions adhesion of the membrane , wherein the actin network of interactions between these molecular motors and play a fundamental role . lysosomal Lysosomes have a very simple structure , similar to vacuoles , only surrounded by a membrane , contain large amounts of digestive enzymes that degrade all molecules to the cell unusable . They function as " stomachs " of the cell and also to digest any substance to enter from outside debris ingested digestive vacuoles to digest too old , then called autophagic vacuoles . Lysosomes are called suicide bags because if you break its membrane , enzymes locked inside, would eventually destroy the entire cell. Lysosomes are formed from the rough endoplasmic reticulum and enzymes are subsequently packaged by the Golgi apparatus . Vacuoles : The vacuoles in plant cells are bulkier organelle , when they are young are smaller and in greater numbers, and when they reach maturity come together and form a large central vacuole that displaces the cytoplasm and cytoplasmic organelles , often this great vacuole is crossed by thin travculas cytoplasm where organelles are included . In mature cell , 90% of its volume may be occupied by a vacuole , in cytoplasm reduced to very narrow layer pressed against the cell wall , in animal cells are of various types depending on the organism and its function. Plasma membrane : The plasma membrane or cell membrane is a lipid bilayer that delimits all cells. Is a laminated structure consisting of phospholipids, glycolipids and proteins that surrounds limited shapes and contributes to maintaining the equilibrium between the inside ( intracellular medium ) and the outside ( extracellular ) cells . Regulates the plasma membrane and out of many substances between the cytoplasm and the extracellular environment . Is similar to the membranes which delimit the eukaryotic cell organelles . [3] Its structure is simple : two subunits ( greater or a smaller ) of different sedimentation coefficient . Its function is only to be the messenger RNA organelle reader , with orders to assemble the amino acids that form the protein. Are synthesizers organelle proteins. [4]

3 METHODOLOGY
For the relation of the cell with the electric circuit used organelles mentioned above, in order to present a more general circuit biologically . The main idea of the equivalent circuit is that the electrons in motion by current effects represent all the information and processed proteins and transported into the cell, which is one of the most important processes in the interior of this . Then each of the functions in the organelles represent a transformation of current or voltage , which is also related to an electronic device that will perform the process. Besides that were related external elements such as cable or baquela . Relationships were: Mitochondria : voltage source with a heat sink , as shown in the theoretical framework, the mitochondrion is a source of energy for the cell and the voltage source for a circuit is also a function of mitochondria is also oxygenating the cell, and the relationship with the circuit would be with a sink that would air the circuit to avoid overheating. The cytoskeleton : in concept, is a structure that supports the cell, a circuit may be associated with a baquela , which is a structural and functional basis of a circuit roasted as the cytoskeleton. Plasma membrane : the cell is a type that protects permeabilizing cell and foreign toxic substances in general, the circuit breakers would be located in the outline of the circuit allowing input or currents outside, obviously its Manual handling would , unlike the cell membrane that is self-taught. Core: for the cell nucleus is a critical part , because it contains all the genetic information of the organism, in an electrical circuit is complicated represent the elements we know so far , then it is a symbolic representation that will be with a fountain and a lED that remains lit , this will be the representation of the core of our circuit. Ribosome : for the cell, in short filters and transforms the information received from the core , then for the circuit will filter with several branches connected in parallel at the output of the core, each of these represents the transformation of input data , for the circuit that the current which leaves the core and is divided into the aforementioned branches . Gogli apparatus : this is also responsible further filter information ribosome, to add substances such as enzymes and other proteins that transforms the ribosome

Ribosomes: Ribosomes are the globular structures , lacking membrane. Are formed chemically by several associated proteins ribosomal RNA from the nucleolus. May be free in the cytoplasm or attached to the membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum . Some proteins ( riboforinas ) serve as a link between the two structures .

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, for the circuit , the analogy is with connections from external sources to the outputs of the ribosome which to transform circuit information that is coming through the branches representing the ribosome , these sources are the same mitochondria. Endoplasmic reticulum : in the cell, is divided into the rough endoplasmic reticulum and smooth to denote only the rough circuit , responsible among other things for transporting proteins emerging from the ribosome to the rest of the cell, the circuit branches are connected to the ribosome makes the rest of the circuit. Lysosomes : charge in the cell to digest substances that do not serve the cell , the circuit will absorb voltage capacitors , representing the energy absorption. A prototype equivalent circuit for a cell, is as follows:
http://www.javeriana.edu.co/Facultades/Ciencias/neurobioq uimica/libros/celular/programacell.htm [4] W. Buo, A. Araque, A Seccin II. Caractersticas de los componentes celulares del tejido nervioso Tema 4. Propiedades elctricas de las membranas de las clulas excitables, [En lnea]. Disponible en: http://www.biologia.buap.mx/propiedades%20electricas%20de% 20las%20membranas.pdf.

Wherein: D.C. = Led + kernel source Capacitors = lysosomes Resistors in parallel = ribosomes Switches = cell membrane Connections resistors in parallel sources Gogli apparatus Cytoskeleton: baquela Mitochondria: D.C. source Endoplasmic reticulum = resistance connections to the rest of the circuit.

4 REFERENCES
[1] [Online]. Available: http://www.celulas.org/ [2] [Online]. Available
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A9lula_procariota

[3[Online]. Available