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JANAKALYAN

More Crop Per Drop


Water Resource Management for Tail-end Farmers
Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project IMPLEMENTATION

1 AnnuAl
st

SUPPORT

Progress rePort

September 2012 to August 2013

www.jankalyana.org

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
JANAKALYAN

JANAKALYAN
Water Resource Management for tail end farmers More Crop Per Drop 1 Annual Progress Report
September 2012 August 2013
st

Volume 3

Submitted to

NABARD
Bangalore
Submitted by

JANAKALYAN
An Institution for Innovation Integrated Inspiring Intervention

Shantinagar, R H Colony No.4, Sindhanur 584143

District: Raichur, Karnataka, India


Tel: +91 8535-264488 Telefax: +91 8535-264140
Email: info@jankalyana.org, www.jankalyana.org

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
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1st Annual Progress Report


September 2012- August 2013

Preamble: Janakalyan, with the financial assistance of NABARD, has proposed to initiate an innovative intervention in tail end of Tungabhadra Irrigation Project in Sindhanur taluk of Raichur district to develop a model to address 2-extremes of water availability. It has commenced from September 2012 for 3 years to demonstrate the proposed technology and prove it as a financially viable model for the farmers of any tail end in India. This report is prepared at the end of 1st year of intervention to document the process followed in implementing the program. Context: Due to partition of the country, millions of Bengalis lost their ancestral properties and had to find their new abode in India as per the terms and conditions of partition. About 932 such families were rehabilitated in Sindhanur taluk of Raichur district in Karnataka with 4-5 acres of land in the tail end of Tungabhadra Irrigation Project. This piece of land is the only source of their livelihoods and all these refugees are solely dependent on it for their survival. There are about 4 such rehabilitation colonies in Sindhanur Rehabilitation Project. Problem/issue: All tail ends of irrigation projects are exposed to a peculiar problem i.e. two extremes of water availability. During rainy season, when the upper reach farmers dont want water for irrigation and also the runoff gets generated out of excess rain, they leave it through the canal which inundates the standing crops of tail end farmers. In the peak season, when the water is seriously in need by the tail end farmers, it is being completely used by the upper reach farmers leaving inadequate quantum after satisfying their needs, thereby causing drying up of standing crops again at the tail end. Realizing the fact over a period of time, the farmers now cultivate part of the land considering the water availability in peak season keeping rest fallow throughout the year. Hypothesis/Theme: Water is life but is the scarcest resource too; provide water to the farmers, they would ensure food security of the nation. God provided enough water in the nature which we dont use judiciously when made available but blame the God or Government for the shortfall. Rural godowns are promoted by NABARD to arrest wastage of food grains likewise water storage tanks need to be promoted to reduce wastage of the scarcest resource, the water. Model to be tested: Excavation of a water storage structure in the fallow land to store the excess water during rainy season and using the same for lifesaving irrigation during the peak season would not only address loss of crops due to 2extremes of water availability but also help to use the fallow land productively by integrating fish in the tank. Various other productive units such as vegetables, fodder with cows, fruits & tree crops, etc. could also be added to distribute risk of crop failures and thereby broadening the economic base of the family.

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
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The program commenced in September 2012 with the financial support of NABARD st in Sindhanur Rehabilitation Project. This report is prepared at the end of 1 year of the project intervention to document the process and progress. Objectives.. Basically, the program aims the following1) Creation of Water Harvesting Structures at the tail end of Tungabhadra Irrigation Project. 2) Bring in additional area under irrigated crops through judicious application of water. 3) Increase productivity of the land through assured irrigation 4) Enhance farm income by adding various productive units to the farm with risk distribution through multiple sources of income tot the family throughout the year. Activities Completed so far.. Major activities carried out during the period are documented in the following paragraphs in order to achieve the set target. 1) Project Concept Orientation to 56 farmers through one to one interactions 2) Awareness generation about NABARD supported project in these villages 3) Social feasibility study of these farms by Janakalyan team 4) Technical feasibility study of the proposed water harvesting structures 5) Finalizing the list of potential farmers for water harvesting structure excavation 6) Actual excavation of these structures; 5 structures completed till date. 7) Farm based activities to add multiple sources of income by diversifying cropping pattern 8) Regular documentation of the field level activities Brief descriptions of these activities are narrated in subsequent sections of the report for a better understanding of the process adopted in carrying out these activities. 1. Awareness Generation.. Upon receiving the green signal from NABARD about the project, a series of village level meetings were conducted in all these rehabilitation colonies. This was in terms of informal meeting, one-to-one interactions, formal meeting etc. to introduce the NABARD supported project. 2. Project Concept Orientation.. Target group of the project are Bengali refugees; these are basically subsistence agriculturists and boatmen of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is a country of rivers. However, every household used to have a multipurpose pukur (tank) at their backyard. The present concept of the project is derived from their experience only i.e. tank-centered multiple sources of income.

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However, to reinforce the concept among the participating farmers, one-day th Project Concept Orientation program was organized on 10 September 2012 and subsequently again 27th September 2012 in Janakalyan Office. About 56 famers from all the rehabilitation colonies participated in these 2 phase program. The major discussions are presented in the following slides-

Development of an Innovative Model for Tail end of TBP


Project Orientation to Farmers

10.9.2012 What are our responsibilities towards the society as human being like son to father, father to son, etc? Yes; we must do something for the society Mouth to mouth advertisement about such developmental programs We have to demonstrate the effects of such a project We must try and help others

Development of an Innovative Model for Tail end of TBP


Project Orientation to Farmers

10.9.2012 What are the major problems of farmers today?


Inadequate Irrigation problem Fallow land Inadequate rain Canal breech Critical irrigation Brackish Ground water No loan till it rain/ water released in the canal Price hike for fertilizers / pesticides Less price for our produces No alternate option for livelihood Land fragmentation less per capita land availability

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
JANAKALYAN

Development of an Innovative Model for Tail end of TBP


Project Orientation to Farmers

10.9.2012 What are the major problems of farmers today?


Inadequate Irrigation problem Fallow land Inadequate rain Canal breech Critical irrigation Brackish Ground water No loan till it rain/ water released in the canal Price hike for fertilizers / pesticides Less price for our produces No alternate option for livelihood Land fragmentation less per capita land availability

Development of an Innovative Model for Tail end of TBP


Project Orientation to Farmers

10.9.2012 Why do we need a water harvesting structure? Balance water availability throughout the year Fruits Drinking water for animals Vegetables Fish

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
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Development of an Innovative Model for Tail end of TBP


Project Orientation to Farmers

10.9.2012 Why do we expect others to help us to excavate a Water Harvesting Structure?


To demonstrate - others will follow We are poor

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Development of an Innovative
Model for Tail end of TBP

Principles
House for Provide Give water cityWater to harvesting dwellers farmers; structure while they will to your water ensure children harvesting food than a structure security of house for the nation farmers

improve productivity Optimizing profit in agriculture Providing adequate irrigation

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
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More Crop Per Drop


Development of an Innovative
Model for Tail end of TBP

Two extremes of water availability Part fallow land

Water harvesting structure


Avoid inundation by storing excess water Life saving irrigation to avoid crop loss Fish cultivation , Bund plantation

Diversified Cropping Pattern


Distribution of risk Multiple sources of income

Productive Units
Fish, Fruits, Fodder, Firewood, Vegetables, vermicompost, milk, duck

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Development of an Innovative Model for Tail end of TBP Technical Details Proposed Productive Units (Variety/species) Ruhu, Katla, Common carp & Water Harvesting Structure telapuyia with fish & duck Sona Masoori Subsistence Crop (rice) with SRI (brinjal, tomato, cauliflower, Vegetables Fodder with 1-2 milch animals cereals & pulses Dry crops Banana on the inner side of the tank bund Subabul trees on outer side of the tank bund
beans, leafy vegetables, etc) Napier with Jersey cows

Acre 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 2.0

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
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More Crop Per Drop


Development of an Innovative
Model for Tail end of TBP

10 SECURITIES
FODDER FIREWOOD

FOOD

FERTILITY

FINANCE

EMPLOYMENT

HEALTH

INPUTS

SOCIAL SECURITY

WATER

QUANTITATIVE IMPACTS
IRRIGATION

20% ADDITIONAL YIELD

20% MORE YIELD & THUS 20% MORE INCOME NO CROP FAILURE

QUALITY FOOD GRAINS HEALTH PRODUCTIVE UNITS FISH, DUCK, MILK, FODDER EMPLOYMENT

BIOMASS/ FERTILITY IMPROVEMENT ANIMAL FIREWOOD DRUDGERY HUSBANDRY REDUCTION

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
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Qualitative Impacts
Increased productivity would raise income level and thus living standard, especially investment in education of their children

20% ADDITIONAL YIELD


Good quality food grains would improve health status of the family members

Intensive use of land and water (avoiding fallow land)

Recycling of wastes would improve environment

100% utilization of family labors for farming thus reducing cost of cultivation and hence increase in profitability

Fuel wood availability in the farm itself thus reducing drudgery to the women

Fruit crops would help fruits intakes health improvement

Water availability for cattle, irrigation as well as human being throughout the year (reducing drudgery)

The purpose of the Project Orientation Program was to inform the participating farmers about the terms and conditions of the project so that they can take a final call whether or not to participate in the project. A time period of 15 days was given them to think and decide. 3. Social Feasibility Study The next step after finalization of list of farmers was feasibility analysis; feasibility we analyze at 2 stages 1) Social feasibility and 2) Technical feasibility. We have a predesigned schedule to assess the social feasibility of the household. The team visits every household and interacts with the members of selected families. The purpose is to understand the interest of the family members in the proposed package. The proposed package can be translated in to action only with the support of all the family members. If the farmer alone is interested then all the components of the project cannot be implemented. The team ensures, through the social feasibility study, that maximum family members commit to the plan of action of the project. 4. Technical Feasibility Study. Those who qualified in social feasibility are then assessed for technical feasibility by visiting their farms; here the team tries to assess whether the farm is a suitable for excavation of water harvesting structure, whether all components of the proposed plan could be implemented in the farm, which is the suitable location for excavation of the water harvesting structure within the farm, what shall be the size of the structure based on the land holding, etc. 5. Identification of Potential Farmers.. Based on the results of social and technical feasibility studies, a final set of farmers are identified and an orientation program for them is conducted on

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21.12.2012 at Janakalyan office. About 23 farmers participated in the said program. Not only was the plan of action discussed with these farmers but also the terms of reference. They are also shared the information like the amount of grant available for excavation of the water harvesting structure, types of activities to be implemented after excavation and the amount of contribution at farmers end for all these activities etc. These selected farmers are also told that the excavation shall start on first come first serve basis based on deposition of their contribution. The list of farmers who have been identified by the project team is furnished belowSl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Name of the Farmer Protul Mandal Bidhan Mandal Sunil Dhali Ramesh Mandal Promoto Mistry Fhakirappa Amal Sardar Khokan Sardar Biswajith Dhali Sadhan Sana Somappa Prankrishna Patro Dr Shib Gain Manojith Dutta Pabitro Bachar Sattojith Majumdar Manojith Dewari Swapon Biswas Manojith Biswas Ashit Bose Father Name Nakul Navin Taluk/District Village R H Colony No-2 R H Colony No-2 R H Colony No-2 R H Colony No-3 R H Colony No-3 R H Colony No-3 R H Colony No-3 R H Colony No-3 R H Colony No-3 R H Colony No-3 R H Colony No-3 R H Colony No-4 R H Colony No-4 R H Colony No-4 R H Colony No-4 R H Colony No-4 R H Colony No-4 R H Colony No-4 R H Colony No-5 R H Colony No-5 Sy No 556 552 534/536 267 604 405/442 175 347 105 461/462 184 124 456 103/1 Sindhanur/ Raichur Sindhanur/ Raichur Sindhanur/ Raichur Khagen Sindhanur/ Raichur Upen Sindhanur/ Raichur Somanna Sindhanur/ Raichur Nakul Sindhanur/ Raichur Satish Sindhanur/ Raichur Hajara Sindhanur/ Raichur Banomali Sindhanur/ Raichur Shanmukhappa Sindhanur/ Raichur Rasoraj Sindhanur/ Raichur Banomali Sindhanur/ Raichur Arun Sindhanur/ Raichur Motilal Sindhanur/ Raichur Rajjeshwar Sindhanur/ Raichur Mahanto Sindhanur/ Raichur Golapi Sindhanur/ Raichur Mukunda Sindhanur/ Raichur Biren Sindhanur/ Raichur Land Holding 4 4.39 5 5 4 2.5 5 4.38 5 6 5 5 5 4 5 4.35 2.39 5 Mobile No 7411283672 8970718258 8722492348 8880455425 8088133442 9972684082 8880704726 8147032977 8088384021 7259948963 8867412988 9902507807 9845890805 5663319029 8151021788 8277547934 8762903902 9902621283 8970123417

Note that it is not mandatory that only these farmers will be selected for excavation of water harvesting structures but anybody who completes the wormcompost pit with cows would get first priority, whether from the above list or otherwise. It was clearly told them that NABARD has provided Rs.35,000 for excavation of every water harvesting structure and the farmers need to contribute Rs.25,000 for 65 Hitachi hours of work. The farmers themselves shall make arrangement for shifting the excavated soil and provide food to the operator. 6. Benchmark Survey. Upon receipt of the contribution from the farmers, the team then starts benchmark data collection process through a predesigned schedule. The team collects General Information of the family, Demography of the family, Economic Profile, Land Details, Moveable & Immovable Assets, Agriculture Credit,

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
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Household Savings & Security, Sanitary Pattern, Household Expenditure Pattern, Access to Government Support, Social and Marriage System, etc.

7. Excavation Finally the excavation of water harvesting structure started on 7th April 2013 and completed 5 structures by 11th June 2013; though there were possibilities of excavting few more structures but due to lack of funds, we had to stop the process for time being. An hitachi was hired to excavate these structures at the market price.

Table below provides a birds eye view of the progress as on date.


Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 Name of the farmer Manik Bawali Shanti Mandal Suren Mandal Jeetendra Ray Hiralal Baidya TOTAL Percentage Survey Land Size of the Starting Completi Total Project Farmers number holding tank Date on date Expense grant Contribu (acres) (ftXftXft) (Rs) (Rs) tion (Rs) R H C No-5 7353779851 88 5.00 125X70X11 07-04-13 15-04-13 97240 35000 62240 R H C No-5 8105780618 R H C No-5 9611645887 R H C No-4 8867242960 R H C No-4 9483892745 98 89 462 454 4.38 126X80X11 15-04-13 28-04-13 151540 4.38 145X55X11 30-04-13 15-05-13 90140 4.08 120X65X12 17-05-13 25-05-13 84590 5.02 130X80X11 26-05-13 11-06-13 90080 35000 35000 35000 35000 116540 55140 49590 55080 Village Phone Number

513590 175000 338590 34% 66%

Carefull observation of the table shows that about 66% of the cost of excavation is borne by the farmers themselves while only 34% of the total cost is subsidized

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
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by the project as incentive. The the farmers have both the desire as well as the ability to invest for excavation of the structure, it is this incentive which stops them from going ahead. All these farmers very well understand the importance of such a structure and the advantages of having assured irrigation for their crops, but still expect this push factor from some external sources to capitalise the beenfits of this knowledge and technology. 8. Farm Demonstration Excavation of water harvesting structure is just the beginning of the journey in bringing self sufficiency by diversifying cropping and adding multiple sources of income to the farm. Though, it has a long list of activities demanding huge investments in each of these activities and takes few years to establish the results, due to limitation of the scheme, we have planned only few set of training with the participating farmers. The actual implementation is left to the farmers through their own investments. The role of Janakalyan is only triggering the activities such as a) vegetable cultivation training, b) fodder cultivation & animal husbandry training, c) worm composting and / or SRI and 4) fish rearing. The st achievement as at the end of the 1 year of the journey is not very satisfactory in this regards. One of the reasons is that it was planned to complete the structures before taking up farm level activities. Other reason is lack of fund required for conducting these training. However the farm level demonstrations have been taken up without the training inputs and planned to conduct all these training in the 2nd year of the project period. Broad farm based activities during the reporting period are grouped into following 4 heads and brief description provided in subsequent paragraphs of the report. 8.1. Vegetable Cultivation Though it was a very good year in terms of rainfall but was a bad year for vegetable cultivation due to continuous rain almost every day; as a result, the farmers those who tried vegetable cultivation lost their crops while few others could not even go for sowing / transplanting.

Vegetable Plots of Sri Surendranath Mondal at R H Colony No.5

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Vegetable Plots of Sri Manik Bawali of R H Colony No.5 The table below gives a fair view of the vegetable crop data of participating farmersFarmer Area Date of Total Yield till Return till Crop Variety Name Covered Sowing Expenditure date (Kg) date (Rs)
Manik Bawali Shanti Mandal Suren Mandal Jeetendr a Hiralal Baidya Ladyfinger Pumpkin Ridge gourd Gourds Total Average per farmer Average per gunta Tomato Leafy vegetable Brinjal Tomato Radish Chilly Brinjal Tomato Chilly 1.0 gunta 1.0 gunta 0.5 gunta 0.5 gunta 0.5 gunta 0.5 gunta 1.0 gunta 0.5 gunta 0.5 gunta NA 0.5 gunta 0.5 gunta 0.5 gunta 0.5 gunta 8.0 gunta 2.0 gunta 5.8.2013 5.8.2013 10.8.2013 10.8.2013 10.8.2013 10.8.2013 6.8.2013 6.8.2013 6.8.2013 NA 25.9.2013 25.9.2013 25.9.2013 25.9.2013 400 400 200 250 140 450 400 400 400 0 175 165 165 165 3710 928 464 25 50 10 20 10 10 30 20 20 0 0 0 0 0 195 49 24 250 250 180 200 100 200 500 300 300 0 0 0 0 0 2280 570 285

It is evident from the table that about 8.0 gunta land has been covered by 4 out of 5 farmers i.e. 2.0 gunta per farmer during the year; one farmer retained his previous culture of going for mono-cropping i.e. rice cultivation even after repeated hammering. However, the team is happy that at least we could motivate 4 farmers (80%) to go for vegetable cultivation whatever small is the quantity in very first year. Once they taste the benefits of vegetable cultivation, we are sure next year onwards they will adopt it their own. It is further clear from the table above that the average investment per farmer is Rs.928 while the average return each farmer has already recovered is Rs.570; it is to be noted that the crop is not fully harvested and also one (Hiralal Baidya) of the farmers has yet not harvested at all. Similarly, the investment per gunta of land for vegetable cultivation is only Rs.464 while the return per gunta is Rs.285 at this stage of crop harvesting. Every farmer has already harvested an average of half-a-quintal of vegetables.

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
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Sri Swapan Baidya working in his vegetable plots The important point to be noted here is that this data is of the sale of vegetable after their family consumption; consumption of farm fresh vegetables will definitely have positive impacts on the health of the family members. 8.2. Fodder Cultivation & Animal Husbandry With farm fresh vegetables, it is also aimed that the peasant communities shall also get unadulterated milk from their own farm. No of Date of Total Milk Yield Return till Farmer Name Variety cows Purchase Investment (liters) date (Rs)
Manik Bawali Shanti Mandal Suren Mandal Jeetendra Ray Hiralal Baidya Philliphis 2 0 1 0 1 05.10.2012 18.09.2012 01.02.2013 18000 0 12000 0 6000 6 liter/day 5 liter/day 2 liter/day 37500 0 29500 0 8500

Total Average

36000 12000

13 liter 4 liter

75500 25165

The table above depicts that with an average investment of Rs.12000 per farmer an average return of Rs.25165 is obtained in about 1 year; of course the other expenditures towards feed, fodder and labor is not considered at this stage. However, even if those are taken into consideration, we believe that there would be reasonable margin in animal husbandry. On the other hand, the benefits from cow dung and cow urine is also not calculated along with the value of calf. Again, this value is calculated only for the quantum of milk that is sold after family consumption; here again the impact on health is to be considered.

Fodder grown by Hiralal Baidya

Fodder plot of Surendrantha Mondal

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Fodder Plot of Manik Bawali Only setback for the team during the year is that it failed to motivate the farmers to go for fodder crops except Sri Manik Bawali who has tried it in small piece of land. It is very difficult to bring out the farmers from their age-old practices to which they are addicted to. But, some of them have cultivated fodder on the bunds of the tank. However, in the due course of time, we are sure of converting these farmers into the proposed package of the program. It is also to be noted that 2 of the participating farmers have yet not purchased cow for the want of funds, though they are interested. 8.3. Worm compost and/or SRI. It is planned that each farmer shall either go for worm-compost making or cultivate paddy with System of Rice Intensification (SRI) method of cultivation. The outcome as at the end of 1st year of the project implementation is furnished in the table below. 8.3.1. Worm compost.. In the very first year of project implementation, the team failed to motivate the farmers to go for worm-compost preparation. However, one farmer has put the materials in an already built concrete structure. The standard composting method is applied and waiting for the result after 3 months. Type of compost pit Total Expenditure -

Farmer Name
Manik Bawali Shanti Mandal Suren Mandal Jeetendra Ray Hiralal Baidya

Size

Starting Date 18.8.2013

10ftx6ft Concrete Total

Yield till date (Quintal) -

Value of manure -

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Worm-Compost pit of Hiralal Baidya 8.3.2. System of Rice Intensification. In order to bring more area under irrigation, it is proposed that SRI method of rice cultivation shall be introduced so that water consumption becomes less while yield increases. With all efforts, the farmers agreed to go for SRI in a small piece of land as shown in the table below; however, not all farmers. The result is yet to be seen Yield till Area Date of Total Return till Farmer Name Crop Variety date Covered transplanting Expenditure date (Rs) (Quintal) Manik Bawali Shanti Mandal acre 1010 paddy 12.9.2013 2820 Suren Mandal acre 1010 paddy 22.8.2013 6070 Jeetendra Ray acre 12.8.2013 5830 Hiralal Baidya 1010 paddy Total 1 acre 14720 Average 4907

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
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SRI Plot of Jeetendra Roy

SRI Plot of Surendranath Mondal

System of Rice Intensification adopted in Hiralal Baidya farm In addition all farmers have gone for traditional method of rice cultivation for their subsistence cultivation. 8.4. Fish cultivation.. Farmer Name
Manik Bawali Shanti Mandal Suren Mandal Jeetendra Ray Hiralal Baidya

Fish Variety
Katla & Common carp Katla & Common carp Telapuiya, Katla & Common carp Katla & Common carp Total

Quantity
1000 1000 200+1000 1000 4200

Date of Total leaving Expenditure seedlings


11.9.2013 11.9.2013 11.9.2013 11.9.2013 1000 1000 1400 1000 4400

Yield till date (Quintal)


-

Return till date (Rs)


-

Farmer has an opinion that in new structure, fish growth is not up to the expectation; therefore, all of them postponed it for a year. However, one among st them felt to try it out with a local variety i.e. Telapuiya in the 1 year itself. The

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data is furnished above. Remaining among them have recently left the fish seedlings as it is almost 5-6 months old tanks.

Fish Tank of Surendranath Mondal

Fish Tank of Manik Bawali

Fish Tank of Shanti Mondal

Fish Tank of Jeetendra Roy

Fish Tank of Hiralal Baidya

9. Documentation. Documentation is an important task in every project implementation, especially when it is demonstration type, for the benefits of larger sections of the society. Since the project has been taken up under FTTP Farmers Technology Transfer

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
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Fund it becomes again important to document each and every step so that a conclusion can be drawn at the end of the project period about the technology under testing. Janakalyan team has developed various formats for documenting the field based activities on day to day basis. The reports are prepared based on these data/ records. All these formats are annexed to this report. In addition, periodical photo and occasional video documentation are part of the routine documentation process of field team of Janakalyan. 10. Transparency & Accountability.. Transparency is a crosscutting system in Janakalyan; all data including financials are disclosed with all the stakeholders. Janakalyan is accountable to all its stakeholders in addition to the donor.

Project Banner with cost details in the farm of Hiralal Baidya

Cost Details displayed in the farm site of Sri Manik Bawali

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Cost Details of Shanti Mondal

Display Board in the farm of Surendra

Cost Details displayed in the farm site of Sri Jeetendra Roy In order to exhibit the same, a display board is put in each of the project farm with the details of investment from the project as well as by the farmers. The sample board is 11. Agriculture Interest Group. It is proposed that Agriculture Interest Group (AIG) shall be formed with the participating farmers so that cross learning and mutual cooperation is possible among them; this would be possible only after covering all 15 farmers as proposed in the proposal.

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project PHOTO TOUR
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Farmers interactions.

Socio-technical feasibility study..

Machine used for excavation of these structures..

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project Sri Manik Bawali
JANAKALYAN

Before commencement of excavation of water harvesting structure .

During excavation of the structure of Sri Manik Bawali

After Completion of the water harvesting structures in the farm of Sri Manik Bawali of R H Colony No.5 of Sindhanur taluk in Raichur district.

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project Sri Shanti Mondal
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Before commencement of During excavation of the structure. excavation of water harvesting structure .

After Completion of the water harvesting structures in the farm of Smt Shanti Mondal of R H Colony No.5 of Sindhanur taluk in Raichur district.

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project Sri Surendranath Biswas
JANAKALYAN

Before commencement of excavation of water harvesting structure .

During excavation of the structure of Sri Surendranath Biswas

After excavation of the water harvesting structure.

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project Sri Jeetendra Roy
JANAKALYAN

Before excavation..

During Excavation

Soon after its excavation, it rained and the result is seen

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project Hiralal Baidya
JANAKALYAN

Before Excavation

During Excavation ..

After excavation

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
SNAPSHOT OF THE PROJECT INTERVENTIONS JANAKALYAN

Cotton, major cash crop of the region, made its way in again after 20 years; it needs assured sources of irrigation at periodic interval which the NAABRD supported structure provides to Sri Manik Bawali while many other do not have such facility

Water Harvesting Structure of Manik Bawali; he sleeps well in the night as he has an assured source of irrigation

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JANAKALYAN

Farmers of R H Colony No.5 can never imagine cultivating paddy as they are at the last part of the canal; but Surendranath can dare to grow rice with NABARD support.

Bumper cotton in the farm of Surendranath in R H Colony No.5; never ever he had dreamt of such a crop but the NABARD support made it possible through assured source of irrigation in addition to the good rain

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
JANAKALYAN

Jeetendra Roy is irrigating his paddy by lifting the water from NABARD supported water harvesting structure using a diesel engine a life saving irrigation

Creepers grown on the bund act as check against soil erosion in addition to providing green vegetables to the family

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
JANAKALYAN

Cotton grown in the farm of Shanti Mondal having a water harvesting structure only can made it possible

Brinjal plot of Shanti Mondal

Chilly plot of Shanti Mondal

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
JANAKALYAN

Real integration in cropping; cotton, paddy, redgram, vegetables and many other crops can be seen in one farm which was never before possible

Each farmer have planted about 100 saplings in their farm after excavation of these water harvesting structures. These saplings are mobilized from line departments like horticulture, forestry, etc.

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
JANAKALYAN

Bund strengthening with vegetative covers on both sides of the bunds to avoid land sliding; this would also be used as fodder for the animals.

Vegetable plot of Hiralal Baidya; Swapan Baidya observing the crop status

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity JANAKALYAN in tail end of irrigation project The grant utilization statement of the project .
Expenses Statement for the period from 1.09.2012 to 31.08.2013 Up to previous reporting period Current period 01.04.2012 To Up to 31.08.2013 31.3.2013 31.08.2013 Budget Sanctioned by RO Local Local NABARD NABARD Local NABARD Contributi Total Total Contributio Total Grant Grant Contribution Grant on n Rate per Total Unit Unit Budget A B C=(A+B) D E F=(D+E) G=(A+D) H=B+E) I=(G+H) (INR) (INR) 36 4,000 144,000 28,000 - 28,000 20,000 20,000 48,000 48,000 36 4,000 144,000 28,000 - 28,000 20,000 20,000 48,000 48,000 15 35,000 525,000 175,000 338,590 513,590 175,000 338,590 513,590 2,000 3 6,000 2,000 3 6,000 0 24,695 80,695 242,729 338,590 0 27729 27,729 581,319 52,424 323,424 338,590 52,424 662,014

Sl. No

Expenditure Head

Budget Proposed

I Project Officers salary for 3 Years 234000 ii Field Officers Salary for 3 Years 144000 iii Excavations of Farm Ponds 3000000 Orientation Programmes with iv farmers, KVK & USA 6125 Representatives Orientation Programs with Bankers V 8750 & Govt officials Training Programs for farmers on vi "Integrated Farming System" A Cultivation of vegetable crops 25500 Cultivation of fodder for milch B 25500 animals C Worm composting, SRI technologies 25500 D Fishery in Farm Ponds 25500 vii Travel, Office, Communication costs 229200 Field Days and Experience Sharing viii 30000 Programs Total 3,754,075

3 3 3 3 36 5

3,333 3,333 3,333 3,333 2,250 3,200

10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 81,000 16,000 962,000

24,695 80,695

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity JANAKALYAN in tail end of irrigation project The local contribution mobilized against the NABARD grant for the project .
Sl. Name of the Village No farmer . Phone Survey Land Number numbeholdin r g (acres ) 7353779851 88 5.00 8105780618 98 4.38 9611645887 89 4.38 8867242960 462 4.08 9483892745 454 5.02 Size of Starting Complet Total Project Farmer the tank Date ion date Expens grant s (ftXftXft) e (Rs) (Rs) Contrib ution (Rs) 125X70X11 07-04-13 15-04-13 97240 35000 62240 126X80X11 15-04-13 28-04-13 151540 35000 116540 145X55X11 30-04-13 15-05-13 90140 35000 55140 120X65X12 17-05-13 25-05-13 84590 35000 49590 130X80X11 26-05-13 11-06-13 90080 35000 55080 513590 175000 338590

1 Manik Bawali R H C No-5 2 Shanti Mandal R H C No-5 3 Suren Mandal R H C No-5 4 Jeetendra Ray R H C No-4 5 Hiralal Baidya R H C No-4 TOTAL

Bund is productively used for growing vegetable by Manik Bawali; this also strengthen the bund from land sliding

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity JANAKALYAN in tail end of irrigation project Annex 1
Farm Level Routine Data Collection Sheet

Name & Address of farmer Crop 1 Survey Number


Date Activities Quantity Unit Cost Expenditure (Rs) (Rs) Crop status / Impacts of Intervention Farmer Signature

Land Preparation Cleaning the land Sowing transplanting Watering/ irrigation /

Weeding

Harrowing

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity JANAKALYAN in tail end of irrigation project

Pesticides application

Fertiliser applications

Picking/Harvesting

Winnowing Clearning Packing Transportation Sales

/ &

Total cost of cultivation Total Yield

Signature of Farmer

Signature of the Field Staff

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity JANAKALYAN in tail end of irrigation project
Annex 2 Water Monitoring Sheet Date Inflow (in foot) Outflow (in foot) Outflow (in hours) Area Irrigated Expenditure (Amount) Remarks Signature of Farmer

Signature of Farmer

Signature of Field Staff

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity JANAKALYAN in tail end of irrigation project Annex 3 Consolidated Cost-Benefit Analysis from 5 acres Farm using the IIFS technology during 2013-14 for Mr. _____________________________
Sl. No.
1 Variety of Crops / breed

Income & Expenditure for 2013-14 from various Productive Units of Self-sufficient Livelihood Model
Particulars
Wet Crops Cultivation Fish Rearing Animal Husbandry Dry Crops Cultivation Vegetable Cultivation Fruit Crops Cultivation Wet Crops in Dry Crops in Vegetables in Rabi Rabi summer Total

2 Area covered in acre / units

3 Total Cost Cultivation of

Average Cost 4 Labour Requirement

Average labour

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity JANAKALYAN in tail end of irrigation project
Sl. No.
5 Total Yield

Income & Expenditure for 2013-14 from various Productive Units of Self-sufficient Livelihood Model
Particulars
Wet Crops Cultivation Fish Rearing Animal Husbandry Dry Crops Cultivation Vegetable Cultivation Fruit Crops Cultivation Wet Crops in Dry Crops in Vegetables in Rabi Rabi summer Total

Average yield 6 Price per Unit (Rs)

Average Price 7 Total Return from the unit

Average Return
Net Profit / Loss

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project Annex 4 Benchmark Schedule
NABARD supported JANAKALYAN

Development of an Innovative Model for Tail End Farmers of Tungabhadra Irrigation Projects Benchmark Survey for Participating Farmer
Date: Name of the surveyor: Name of the respondent:

GENERAL INFORMATION (for identification of the house)

A.1 A.2 A.3 A.4 A.5 A.6 A.7 B


B.1
Sl.

Name of the Household Head Serial No. of the House (if any) Name of the village Block District Name of the Village Panchayath Phone No. (if any)
FAMILY INFORMATION :

Family Composition
Name Relation with Head Age Sex Qualification Occupation

1 2 3 4 5 6

7 8 9 10 11
N.B for Children, write student in the occupation column W for Widow, H for Handicapped, D for Divorced, M for Married & U for Unmarried in the remarks column

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
JANAKALYAN

B.2 B.3
C. C.1 C.I.1

Family structure :

Joint family/Nuclear family

For how many years you are residing in the village


ECONOMIC PROFILE OF THE HOUSEHOLD : Immovable Properties : House a) House b) c) d) e) f) g) h) I) j) k) l) m) n) LAND

If building then Whether the house is If rented then rent per month How many rooms are there? Bathroom and toilet facility Yes/No Whether the house is mortgaged for Yes/No any purpose? Whether part of the house is given on rent? Yes/No If yes, Rent per month Rs. Does the house has water connection Yes/No Does it has electricity connection? Yes/No Does it has telephone connection? Yes/No Does it has sanitary facility? Yes/No How far the public source of water from the house?

Hut/Building Area: sq.ft RCC roof/pucca/kuccha/ other ancestral/own/rented/others Rs.

C.I.2

a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) I) j) k) l) m) n) o)

How many acres? Source of irrigation Land use pattern Does it has a water harvesting structure? Do you use it for? Does your farm has fencing? Do you cultivate the land If yes, cropping pattern Major crop grown Do you use it for cultivation of Cultivation technology Do you cultvative the land yourselves or given on lease?
Have you mortgaged the land to burrow any laon?

acres Irrigated/rainfed/dry Borewell/openwell/canal/lift irrigation Agriculture/Horticulture/foresty/others Yes/No Irrigation/Drinking water/fisheries Yes/No Type Yes/No Single/double/multicrop/others Subsistence crop/cash crop traditional/modern Self/Share cropping/lease Yes/No

How much and what purpose? Whether the land is ancetral or purchased?

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
What is the amount you are getting from lease of the land? No of persons engaged in the land ? What is the maximum profit/yield you have Rs./quintal got in the last 5 years from the land ? Other Assets Television Cable connection Taperecorder Mobile phone Gas Stove Electric fans Sewing Machines Almirah (steel/wooden) Dining hall Cooler Refrigerator Mixer Any other (specify)
JANAKALYAN

p) q) r)
C.1.3

a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) I) j) k) l)
C.II a.

Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No

Movable Properties Do you have the following assets? Bullock Cart Bicycle Tractor Bullock s Car Poultry

Hand Cart Two Wheeler Cows Buffalo Sheep & Goat Others (specify)

b.

Do you use the following in your own works or for others on hire basis? Bullock Cart Hand Cart Tractor Bullocks What is the total earning from these sources, in that case? Do the above assets are fully utilized to their maximum capacity in a year? For what purpose the tractor is used For what purpose the bullocks are used?

c d

Rs. Yes/N o

e f

Ploughing/Transoportation Others Ploughing/other farm activities/transportation others

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
Who uses the two wheeler and why?
JANAKALYAN

h I j k l m n o p q r s t

No. of milch animals Total milk yield Where do you sale the milk yield How much milk you keep for your family? Wwho takes the animals for gazing? Wwhat is the earning from the milk? Why do you keep the other animals like sheep & goat, poultry, etc? Who takes care of these animals such watering washing, milking and others? For what purposes, the money earned from these animals are used? Do you have a shelter for these animals? Do you have engaged a person to take care of these animals? Do you have engaged a driver for the tractor? What is the salary of the driver?

Cross breed/ local Liters

Children/others Rs. per month For meat/selling transportation/others Women/children/others Household/women education/health/any others Yes/No Yes/No wage : Yes/No Rs. p.m

D a) b) c) d) e) f)

AGRICULTURE CREDIT What is the yearly agriculture credit required for you? What are the sources of credit? What is the rate of intrest? Have you taken any loan? What is the outstanding loan? Did you take loan for purchasing the animals?

g)

Did you take loan for tractor?

h)

Did you take any other loan for marriage/ rituals/health/education/others purposes? Who gives you the emergency loan?

I)

Rs. Bank/PACS/Mone y Lender/SHG/MFI/others Rs. p.a Yes/No Amount Rs. Rs. Yes/No Amount Rs. Outstanding Rs. Yes/No Amount Rs. Outstanding Rs. Yes/No Amount Rs. Outstanding Rs. SHG

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
H a) b) c) d) HOUSE HOLD SAVINGS & SECURITY Do you have a bank account? Who operates it? Does any member of the family is covered under insurance? who is covered? Do the assets and animals are covered under Yes/No insurance? Does any member of the family joined SHG Yes/No Do you have any saving policy? Yes/No Do you have any fixed deposits? Yes/No What is the present bank balance? Do you have a post office saving account? SANITARY SYSTEM Do you have a sanitary system? Yes/No Attached separat e Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Pit/Connected to public system
JANAKALYAN

Yes/No Man/Women Yes/No Amount of Rs. Man/Woman/child others

d)

e) f) g)

Amount Rs.

h)

Rs.

I) F a)

Yes/No

b)

c)

Is the same constructed by own investment Governament scheme Any NGO or others What is the type?

G I a) b) c)

HOUSE HOLD EXPENDITURE PATTERN Food What are the regular types of expenditure? Veg/Non What is the food style? veg/mixed Mixed How many times do you take the following items per week and what are the itemwise expenditure? Times per Sl.No Name of the Items Week Amount (Rs) 1 Green Vegetables 4

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
2 Milk 3 Fish 4 Egg 5 6 7 8 9 10 Where Meat/Mutton Ghee/Butter Chicken Fruits Paneer Others (specify) do you purchase the above items?
JANAKALYAN

Village Haat/Market/own own/market/PDS Village Haat/Market Daily/weekly/monthly Yes/No

d) e) f) g) H a) b) c)

Where do you purchase the grains? What is the purchsing pattern? Do you purchase any of these things on credit ACCESS TO GOVERNAMENT SUPPORTS Do you have a ration card? Do you get your share regularly Have you got any benfits from government schemes? SOCIAL PROFILE AND MARRIAGE SYSTEM Is any family member become member of a club/ SHG/Federation/Society/NGO/Political Formus/Others What are their /her/his roles & designation? Does anybody represent the forums like * * * * * Gram Panchayth Block Panchayth District Panchayth Assembly Election Parliament Election

Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Name

Type

I a)

Yes/No Name

b) c)

Yes/No Designation Yes/No Designation Yes/No Designation Yes/No Designation Yes/No Designation

d) e) f)

Do you know the present Gram Panchayath president or members, personally? Is any one of them your relative? What is your marriege system?

Yes/No Yes/No

More Crop Per Drop Addressing 2-extremes of water availability to improve productivity in tail end of irrigation project
JANAKALYAN

* * g) h) I) j) k)

Within Blood relation Outside Blood relation

Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Rs. Yes/No Yes/No

Do you have dowry system? How much you pay or demand for dowry? Did you cast your vote in last election? Do you get any support from political bodies? Do you have the access to the following institutions? * Lower Primary School * Higher Primaery School * High School * College * Branch Post Office * Health Sub Center * Public Health Center * Bank * Veterinary Hospital * Police Station * Market * Gram Panchayath * Block Officers