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This Psychrometric Processes Program follows equations provided in the 2005 ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, Chapter 6.

The program can replace the Psychrometric chart and users are encouraged to compare values. It permits the quick calculation of basic HVAC air mixing, cooling, heating and heat recovery processes. Thanks are extended to Dr. Jim Richardson (CE Department @ UA) and Barbara McCrary of Hattemer, Hornsby & Bailey, Pratteville, AL for assistance in learning the use of Visual Basic macros in Excel that permit the calculation of psychrometric values using functions. See HVAC Simplified (Kavanaugh, 2006) available from ASHRAE for additional details.
50

The Psychrometric Chart


90 .028

W et Bu lb

En

&

Tdb1 Twb1 Elevation AtmPress APinHg HRatio1 RelHum1 SpHt1 Enal1 SpVol1 DewPt1 lbpCuFt

75 63 11 14.69 29.91 0.0095 66.8 51.6 0.244 28.4 13.69 56.0 0.000697

F F ft. psia in Hg lbw/lba Grains % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F lbw/ft3

De w

a th

lp

a) /lb tu (B 40 y
Po in t( F)
75

80

80 %

60 %

Tdb2 Twb2

100 F Note 1: In these programs, 75 F required input values are in yellow cells. Output values are in blue or green.

45

.024

ft 15.0

3 /lba

.020

HUMIDITY RATIO (Lbv/Lba)

Ent

35
70

hal

py
um lH Re

HRatio2 RelHum2 SpHt2 Enal2 SpVol2 DewPt2 lbpCuFt

0.0129 90.4 31.4 0.246 38.3 14.41 64.4 0.000896

lbw/lba Grains % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F lbw/ft3


32

0% -4

.016

5 14.

65

30

25 60
14.0

.012

20 15 40

50

Dew Point (F)

We t Bu lb (

20 %
.008

F)

.5 ft - 13 Vol Spc

.004

13.0

3 /.lba

12.5
40 50

60

70 80 90 DRY BULB TEMPERATURE (F)

100

110

120

Note 2: If Macro security level is set at high, this program will result in errors in the cells [NAME?]. To reset the security level, 1. Close the PsychProcess program. 2. Click on "Tools" on the main tool bar, select "Macro", select "Security. 3. Reset security level to Medium (recommended) or Low 4. Exit Excel 5. Re-Open Excel 6. Run program

For 2007 Office products, the terminology "trust" has replaced "security" and the procedure has been changed (as you might expect). To change the "trust" settings: Open Excel Click the Office Button (top left corner of screen) Click on "Excel Options" button @ the bottom of the pop-up window Click on "Trust Center" Click on "Trust Center Settings" Click on " Enable all macros.." Open and Run the programs An option would be to reset the trust setting by repeating steps 1 thru 5 and, Click on " Disable macros with notification"

Mixing - This Worksheet computes the resulting properties of air (stream 3) when streams 1 and 2 are mixed. Flow rates are entered below but properties for streams 1 and 2 are entered on the "Properties" Worksheet. Qair1 QSair1 5000 cfm 4869 scfm Stream 1 21912 lb/hr Stream 3 26077 6000 79.0 0.0101 70.5 Twb3 65.2 RelHum3 47.9 SpHt3 0.244 Enal3 30.0 SpVol3 13.80 DewPt3 57.5 mflow3 Qair3 Tdb3 HRatio3 Qair2 QSair2 1000 cfm 925 scfm Stream 2 4164 lb/hr
Note: Input values (Qair1 and Qair2) are in cubic feet per minute. For additional information purposes, these values are corrected to air at standard conditions of =0.075 lb/cu.ft. (QSair1 and QSair2).

mflow1

mflow2 (mixed) lb/hr cfm F lbw/lba Grains F % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F

Stream 1 @ Qair1(cfm), Tdb1(F), & Twb1(F) Stream 2 @ Qair2(cfm), Tdb2(F), & Twb2(F) 2 1 3

Stream 3 @ Qair3(cfm), Tdb3(F), & Twb3(F)

This Worksheet computes the properties of air leaving Heat Recovery Units (HRU) used to adsorb or remove heat (and in so moisture) from room air that is being exhausted. The heat and moisture are transfered to or from the fresh outdoor air make capacity of the HRU is also computed. The effects of the HRU supply fan heat are considered. HRU Effectiveness 70 % 65 % Outdoor QairOut 10000 cfm QSairOut 9307 scfm mflowOut 41883 lb/hr SupFankW 0 kW ExFankW 0 kW Exhaust (not req'd) QairEx 2000 cfm QSairEx 1851 scfm Room Air HRatioRm 0.0095 lbw/lba 66.8 Grains RelHumRm 51.6 % SpHtRm 0.244 Btu/lb-F EnalRm 28.4 Btu/lb SpVolRm 13.69 cu.ft./lb DewPtRm 56.0 F SenEff LatEff Room Air TdbRm TwbRm Outdoor Air TdbOut TwbOut Elev. Capacities qTotalHru qSenHru SHRHru MBtu/h 280.1 151.5 0.54 Outdoor Air HRatioOut 0.0138 96.9 RelHumOut 38.0 SpHtOut 0.246 EnalOut 38.3 SpVolOut 14.33 DewPtOut 66.3 75 Exhaust Air 63 F F 96 75 F Outdoor Air 600 ft. HRU Outlet Tons Temps. 23.3 TdbHru 81.3 F 12.6 TwbHru 67.3 F HRU Outlet HRatioHru 0.0110 77.3 RelHumHru 48.6 SpHtHru 0.245 EnalHru 31.6 SpVolHru 13.89 DewPtHru 60.0

HRU

lbw/lba Grains % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F

lbw/lba Grains % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F

t(o)

or remove heat (and in some units e fresh outdoor air make-up air. The

Room Air

HRU
HRU Outlet Air to room or HVAC Unit OALoads MBtu/h Tons 413.7 34.5 216.5 18.0

Total Sensible

t(o) t(r) t(o)

D t(hru) D Winter

D t(hru)

Summer

Inlet Conditions QairHin qFurn QSairHin mflowHin TdbHin TwbHin ElevH APpsia APHg 2000 75 1983 8924 68 56 0 14.70 29.92 cfm MBtu/h scfm lb/hr F F ft. psia in Hg

Outlet Conditions Without Humidification

TdbHout TwbHout

102.6 F 68.2 F

HRatioHout RelHumHout SpHtHout EnalHout SpVolHout DewPtHout

HRatioHin RelHumHin SpHtHin EnalHin SpVolHin DewPtHin

0.0068 47.6 46.8 0.243 23.7 13.45 47.0

lbw/lba Grains % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F

0.0068 47.6 15.6 0.243 32.1 14.33 47.0

lbw/lba Grains % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F

t(in)

t(out)

Outlet Conditions With Humidification* TdbOutAir 20 F TwbOutAir 15 F OAVentInfil 20 % of supply HRatioOA 0.0007 lbw/lba 5.1 Grains *Assumption: RelHumOA 32.2 % SpHtOA 0.240 Btu/lb-F Sufficient moisture is added in the form of EnalOA 5.6 Btu/lb water or saturated steam SpVolOA 12.11 cu.ft./lb to replace the moisture DewPtOA -6.8 F lost via the exhaust air, which is replace with FluidType Sat Steam dryer outdoor air. FluidTemp 212 F EnalFluid 1150 Btu/lb mfluid 10.8 lb/hr qHumid 0.5 MBtu/h TdbHumOut 102.8 F qNet 75.5 MBtu/h t(out) Steam
Water

t(in)

Inlet Air Conditions QairIn 4000 TC 120 SC 100 QSairIn 3897 SHR 0.83 TdbIn 75 TwbIn 63 ElevIn 0 AtmPressIn 14.70 APinHgIn 29.92

Fan Heat Neglected cfm MBtu/h MBtu/h scfm F F ft. psia in Hg mflowIn QairOut QSairOut TdbOut TwbOut HRatioOut RelHumOut SpHtOut EnalOut SpVolOut DewPtOut 17537 lb/hr 3819 cfm 3897 scfm 51.7 F 51.7 F 0.0085 59.2 100.0 0.244 21.6 13.07 52.8 lbw/lba Grains % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F

Fan Heat Included TotalPress 2 FanEff 65 MotorEff 82 BHP 1.89 qFan 5.9 qTotNet 114.1 qSenNet 94.1 SHRNet 0.82 TdbNet TwbNet HRatioNet RelHumNet SpHtNet EnalNet SpVolNet DewPtNet 53.0 52.9 0.0085 59.2 99.4 0.244 21.9 13.10 52.8

HRatioIn RelHumIn SpHtIn EnalIn SpVolIn DewPtIn

0.0095 66.7 51.6 0.244 28.4 13.69 56.0

lbw/lba Grains % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F

In. of Water % % hp MBtu/h MBtu/h Out F F lbw/lba Grains % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F
Fan Heat Neglected

In Net
Fan Heat Included

By-Pass (BP) Factor Method QairRet 4000 cfm Tadp 47 F BPFactor 0.1 QSairRet 3850 scfm TdbRet TwbRet Elev AtmPress APinHg 79.8 67.1 0 14.70 29.91 F F ft. psia in Hg

mflowRet QairSup QAairSup TdbSup TwbSup HRatioadp qTotal qSensible SHRcoil HRatioSup RelHumSup SpHtSup EnalSup SpVolSup DewPtSup

17326 lb/hr 3757 cfm 3850 scfm 50.3 F 49.5 F 0.0068 lbw/lba 201.0 MBtu/h 125.3 MBtu/h 0.62 0.0073 50.8 94.7 0.243 19.9 13.01 48.7 lbw/lba Grains % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F

BPFactor = 1-(TdbRet-TdbSup)/(TdbRet-Tadp) T(adp)


Q(airRet)

Q(airSup)

T(dbRet) T(wbRet)

T(dbSup) T(wbSup)

HRatioRet RelHumRet SpHtRet EnalRet SpVolRet DewPtRet

0.0113 79.1 52.0 0.245 31.5 13.85 60.7

lbw/lba Grains % Btu/lb-F Btu/lb cu.ft./lb F

t(ret)

t(adp)

t(sup)