You are on page 1of 11

GSM/EDGE RAN BSS, rel.

RG10(BSS), operating documentation, issue 02


Feature description

BSS20916: AMR HO signaling optimization


DN70645198, issue 1-1

BSS20916: AMR HO signaling optimization

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the product defined in the introduction of this documentation. This documentation is intended for the use of Nokia Siemens Networks customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which the document is submitted, and no part of it may be used, reproduced, modified or transmitted in any form or means without the prior written permission of Nokia Siemens Networks. The documentation has been prepared to be used by professional and properly trained personnel, and the customer assumes full responsibility when using it. Nokia Siemens Networks welcomes customer comments as part of the process of continuous development and improvement of the documentation. The information or statements given in this documentation concerning the suitability, capacity, or performance of the mentioned hardware or software products are given "as is" and all liability arising in connection with such hardware or software products shall be defined conclusively and finally in a separate agreement between Nokia Siemens Networks and the customer. However, Nokia Siemens Networks has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions contained in the document are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nokia Siemens Networks will, if deemed necessary by Nokia Siemens Networks, explain issues which may not be covered by the document. Nokia Siemens Networks will correct errors in this documentation as soon as possible. IN NO EVENT WILL Nokia Siemens Networks BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENTATION OR FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL OR ANY LOSSES, SUCH AS BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF PROFIT, REVENUE, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY OR DATA,THAT MAY ARISE FROM THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR THE INFORMATION IN IT. This documentation and the product it describes are considered protected by copyrights and other intellectual property rights according to the applicable laws. The wave logo is a trademark of Nokia Siemens Networks Oy. Nokia is a registered trademark of Nokia Corporation. Siemens is a registered trademark of Siemens AG. Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective owners, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only. Copyright Nokia Siemens Networks 2009. All rights reserved

Important Notice on Product Safety


Elevated voltages are inevitably present at specific points in this electrical equipment. Some of the parts may also have elevated operating temperatures. Non-observance of these conditions and the safety instructions can result in personal injury or in property damage. Therefore, only trained and qualified personnel may install and maintain the system. The system complies with the standard EN 60950 / IEC 60950. All equipment connected has to comply with the applicable safety standards.

The same text in German: Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit In elektrischen Anlagen stehen zwangslufig bestimmte Teile der Gerte unter Spannung. Einige Teile knnen auch eine hohe Betriebstemperatur aufweisen. Eine Nichtbeachtung dieser Situation und der Warnungshinweise kann zu Krperverletzungen und Sachschden fhren. Deshalb wird vorausgesetzt, dass nur geschultes und qualifiziertes Personal die Anlagen installiert und wartet. Das System entspricht den Anforderungen der EN 60950 / IEC 60950. Angeschlossene Gerte mssen die zutreffenden Sicherheitsbestimmungen erfllen.

Id:0900d8058058d5eb

DN70645198, issue 1-1

BSS20916: AMR HO signaling optimization

Table of contents
This document has 11 pages. Reason for update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1 1.1 1.2 2 2.1 2.2 3 3.1 3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 6 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 In general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Software requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Hardware requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Functional description . Functional overview . . Functional split . . . . . . Q3 interface . . . . . . . . BSC MMI. . . . . . . . . . . ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... .. .. .. .. .. 7 7 7 7 8 9 9 9 9 9

System impacts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SDCCH and PS data channels on DFCA TRX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RF hopping and DFCA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DTM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMR FR and AMR HR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . User interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System responses to failures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Measurements and counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10 10 10 10 10

Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 0 Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

DN70645198, issue 1-1

Id:0900d8058058d5eb

Reason for update

BSS20916: AMR HO signaling optimization

Reason for update


Issue history Issue number 01 1-1 Date of issue 12/2008 03/2009 Reason for update Approved draft of first issue for new release First issue for new release

Details

Id:0900d8058051dc27

DN70645198, issue 1-1

BSS20916: AMR HO signaling optimization

Introduction

1 Introduction
1.1 In general
The AMR HO signaling optimization (BSS20916) feature aims to reduce the length of the Assignment command message. This feature optimizes HO signaling for AMR in order to reduce the call drop rate for intra-cell handovers. The FACCH channel used for signaling is less robust for poor radio conditions than most robust AMR codecs (i.e. AFS4.75), thereby limiting the coverage and capacity gains that can be achieved with AMR. The reliability of the FACCH signaling channel can be greatly improved by optimizing the HO messages to make them fit in one or two L2 FACCH frames instead of three. This feature is controlled by an ON/OFF type license key. The license key controls the feature at BSC level.

1.2

Benefits
The AMR HO signaling optimization feature removes redundant information from assignment command messages, so that intra-cell handovers (e.g. AMR packing and unpacking handovers) are more reliable.

DN70645198, issue 1-1

Id:0900d805802277bf

Requirements

BSS20916: AMR HO signaling optimization

2 Requirements
2.1 Software requirements
This feature requires the MS to be AMR capable.

2.2

Hardware requirements
This feature does not have any specific hardware requirements.

Id:0900d80580260fc3

DN70645198, issue 1-1

BSS20916: AMR HO signaling optimization

Functional description

3 Functional description
This feature optimizes HO signaling for AMR, in order to reduce the call drop rate for intra-cell handovers. The FACCH channel used for signaling is less robust for poor radio conditions than the most robust AMR codecs (i.e. AFS4.75), thereby limiting the coverage and capacity gains that can be achieved with AMR. One way of increasing signaling performance is to reduce the size of signaling messages in such a way that one L3 message fits e.g. into one L2 frame. Possibly redundant information, e.g. unnecessary frequency information elements, is removed in intra-cell handovers. The speed of intra-cell handvers or AMR packing/unpacking is improved. This chapter is divided into the following sections: Functional overview Functional split

3.1

Functional overview
The AMR HO signaling optimization feature is controlled by means of a license key. When this feature is active, the assignment command messages are optimized so that unnecessary information is removed from the Assignment command message. The selected optimization method used is the cell channel description method. The maximum number of bytes to fit in one L2 frame is 20. The mandatory fields in the Assignment command message are: Protocol discriminator Skip indicator Message type Description of the first channel Power command This comprises a total of six bytes that must be always set. The size of the Assignment command message is reduced by: Currently, the Channel mode IE (mode of the first channel - 2 bytes) is always sent in the Assignment command message. When this feature is active the channel mode of first channel will be sent only if it changes. Currently, the Cell channel description IE (17 bytes) is always sent in the Assignment command message. When this feature is active, the cell channel description IE is not included in the Assignment command message if the proper CA list is already sent to the MS. The Multi rate configuration IE is sent in the Assignment command message only when it is necessary.

3.2
3.2.1

Functional split
Q3 interface
The AMR HO signaling optimization (BSS20916) license key is supported.

DN70645198, issue 1-1

Id:0900d80580260fe8

Functional description

BSS20916: AMR HO signaling optimization

3.2.2

BSC MMI
The AMR HO signaling optimization (BSS20916) license key and feature code are supported.

Id:0900d80580260fe8

DN70645198, issue 1-1

BSS20916: AMR HO signaling optimization

System impacts

4 System impacts
The AMR HO signaling optimization feature has impacts/dependencies on the following features: SDCCH and PS data channels on DFCA TRX RF hopping and DFCA DTM AMR FR and AMR HR

4.1

SDCCH and PS data channels on DFCA TRX


AMR HO signaling optimization has no actual interaction with the SDCCH and PS data channels on DFCA TRX feature. But SDCCH and PS data channels on DFCA TRX affects the CA list handling. Currently, there are separate CA lists for DFCA TRXs and non-DFCA TRXs. When the SDCCH and PS Data Channels on DFCA TRX feature is in use, only one CA list is used per BTS.

4.2

RF hopping and DFCA


AMR HO signaling optimization has no actual interaction with RF hopping or DFCA, but the MS is informed of hopping frequencies in the cell channel description and mobile allocation IEs. Due to this feature, the sending of CA and MA information to the MS is affected. In the DFCA feature, the CA list of a BTS does not include its own BCCH in the cell channel description IE. When DFCA is activated in the BSC, the changing of identical CA lists on source and target sides is improved.

4.3

DTM
The AMR speech codec is used during DTM calls. Intra-cell handovers are done in DTM call establishment and during the DTM call. The optimizations due to AMR HO signaling optimization are supported in DTM-related handovers.

4.4

AMR FR and AMR HR


Either the AMR FR or the AMR HR feature needs to be active before activating the AMR HO signaling optimization feature.

DN70645198, issue 1-1

Id:0900d80580260ff4

User interface

BSS20916: AMR HO signaling optimization

5 User interface
This chapter is divided into the following sections: Parameters System responses to failures Alarms Measurements and counters

5.1

Parameters
There are no new parameters or changes to existing parameters due to this feature.

5.2

System responses to failures


There are no new error codes due to this feature.

5.3

Alarms
There are no new alarms or changes to the existing alarms due this feature.

5.4

Measurements and counters


There are no new counters due to this feature.

10

Id:0900d805802277bc

DN70645198, issue 1-1

BSS20916: AMR HO signaling optimization

Abbreviations

6 Abbreviations
0Z
AMR BCCH BSC BTS CA DFCA DTM FACCH FER FR IE HO HR PS MMI MS SDCCH RF TRX adaptive multi-rate speech codec broadcast control channel base station controller base transceiver station channel allocation dynamic frequency and channel allocation dual transfer mode fast associated control channel frame error rate full rate information element handover half rate packet switched man-machine interface mobile station stand-alone dedicated control channel radio frequency transceiver

DN70645198, issue 1-1

Id:0900d80580260ff9

11