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FIELD MANAGEMENT OF TICKS

PREVENTION

(OREGON SPECIFIC INFO)

1. Treat clothing & boots with spray Permethrin (0.5%) and let dry 4 hours. This treatment will typically last approximately 6 weeks or 6 launderings. 2. Stay out of areas with tall grass and avoid brushing against grass and brush. 3. In tick prone areas, if possible, wear long pants and a long sleeved shirt. 4. Keep your shirt tucked in and tuck your pants into your boots, or tape or rubber band your pants cuffs to your boots, or wear gaiters. 5. After a hike in a heavy tick area, examine your entire body for ticks. FIELD TICK KIT 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Gloves Sharp Tweezers Magnifying Glass Gelled Alcohol Hand Wipes Antibiotic Ointment Band-Aid Transport pouch & label (optional)
POTENTIAL TICK BITE COMPLICATIONS
1. 2. 3. 4. Skin Infection Lyme Disease Colorado Tick Fever Tick Paralysis

TREATMENT 1. Remove any ticks immediately. 2. The best way to remove a tick is by firmly grasping the ticks mouthparts at your skin with tweezers, and GENTLY pulling straight out. 3. Avoid squishing the body as this forces more digestive juices into the host, increasing the chance of infection. 4. Wash your hands and the tick bite site with soap & water. 5. Treat the bite with an antibiotic ointment. 6. Consider saving the tick in a small vial of alcohol labeled with location & date removed for future identification. 7. If you experience any symptoms of Lyme disease, get medical care promptly. INTERESTING SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION 1. Folk tick removal methods do not work
a. touching the tick with a hot match b. coating with petroleum jelly c. dowsing with alcohol

2. Lyme Disease in Oregon ticks (Burkot et al): infection rate within Ixodes pacificus adults ticks approximately 3%. REFERENCES
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/pdf/em/em8410-e.pdf http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/html/em/em8410-e/ http://www.portlandhikersfieldguide.org/wiki/Ticks http://www.anapsid.org/lyme/removingticks.html http://www.oregon.gov/DHS/ph/acd/diseases/ctf/facts.shtml http://www.aldf.com/

TICK KIT INSERT YOUTUBE : USNERDOC Print on waterproof paper, trim to size & fold at center. Sized for standard 3x5 zip lock bag.

TICK FIEL D M A N AG E M ENT


PREVENTION

(OREGON SPECIFIC) YouTube USNERDOC

TICK FIEL D M A N AG E M ENT


PREVENTION

(OREGON SPECIFIC) YouTube USNERDOC

1. Treat clothing & boots with sp ray Permeth rin (0.5%) and let d ry 4 hou rs. This t reatment will typically last appro ximately 6 weeks o r 6 launde rings. 2. Stay out of areas with tall g rass and avoid b rushing against g rass and b rush. 3. If possible, in tick p rone areas wea r long pants and a long sleeved shi rt. 4. Keep you r shi rt tucked in and tuck you r pants into you r boots, o r tape o r rubbe r band you r pant cuffs to you r boots, o r wea r gaite rs. 5. Afte r a hike in a heavy tick area, examine you r enti re body for ticks.

1. Treat clothing & boots with sp ray Permeth rin (0.5%) and let d ry 4 hou rs. This t reatment will typically last appro ximately 6 weeks o r 6 launde rings. 2. Stay out of areas with tall g rass and avoid b rushing against g rass and b rush. 3. If possible, in tick p rone areas wea r long pants and a long sleeved shi rt. 4. Keep you r shi rt tucked in and tuck you r pants into you r boots, o r tape o r rubbe r band you r pant cuffs to you r boots, o r wea r gaite rs. 5. Afte r a hike in a heavy tick area, examine you r enti re body for ticks.

FIELD TICK KIT


1. Gloves 2. Sharp Tweeze rs 3. Pro- Ti ck (Magnifying Glass & Tick Tool) 4. Gelled Alcohol Hand Wipes 5. Antibiotic Ointment 6. Band-Aid 7. Transpo rt pouch & label

FIELD TICK KIT


1. Gloves 2. Sharp Tweeze rs 3. Pro- Ti ck (Magnifying Glass & Tick Tool) 4. Gelled Alcohol Hand Wipes 5. Antibiotic Ointment 6. Band-Aid 7. Transpo rt pouch & label

POTENTIAL TICK BITE COMPLICATIONS


1. Local skin Infection 2. Lyme Disease 3. Colorado Tick Feve r 4. Tick Paralysis

POTENTIAL TICK BITE COMPLICATIONS


1. Local skin Infection 2. Lyme Disease 3. Colorado Tick Feve r 4. Tick Paralysis

TREATMENT
1. Remove any ticks immediately. 2. The best way to remove a tick is by firmly g rasping the ticks mouthparts at you r skin with tweeze rs, & GENTLY pulling st raight out. 3. Avoid squishing the body as this forces mo re digestive juices into the host, increasing the chance of infection. 4. Wash you r hands & the tick bite site with soap & wate r. 5. Treat the bite antibiotic ointment. 6. Consider saving the tick in a small vial of alcohol labeled with location & date removed fo r futu re identification. 7. If you expe rience any symptoms of Lyme disease, get medical care p romptly.
DATE LOCATION

TREATMENT
1. Remove any ticks immediately. 2. The best way to remove a tick is by firmly g rasping the ticks mouthparts at you r skin with tweeze rs, & GENTLY pulling st raight out. 3. Avoid squishing the body as this forces mo re digestive juices into the host, increasing the chance of infection. 4. Wash you r hands & the tick bite site with soap & wate r. 5. Treat the bite antibiotic ointment. 6. Consider saving the tick in a small vial of alcohol labeled with location & date removed fo r futu re identification. 7. If you experience any symptoms of Lyme disease, get medical care promptly.
DATE LOCATION

Insect ID Clinic
Oregon State University 1089 Cordley Hall Corvallis, OR 97331-2907

Insect ID Clinic
Oregon State University 1089 Cordley Hall Corvallis, OR 97331-2907

www.science.oregonstate.edu/bpp/insect_clinic

www.science.oregonstate.edu/bpp/insect_clinic

A P RI MER ON L YME D I SEASE

Ixodes pacificus

The first recognized case of Lyme disease in the United States was in 1975, after an unusual outbreak of severe arthritis near Lyme, Connecticut called attention to the disease. Since then the number of cases reported has been steadily increasing. Most cases of Lyme disease are concentrated in a few areas; however, cases have been reported in all 50 US states. Most infections occur in the northeast, in the Great Lakes region and along the Pacific Coast.

Lyme disease, caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, is transmitted to humans by the bite form infected blacklegged ticks. In the northeastern and north-central United States, the black-legged tick (or deer tick, Ixodes scapularis) transmits Lyme disease. In the Pacific coastal United States, the disease is spread by the Western black-legged tick (Ixodes pacificus).

Deer Tick

Western black-legged tick (Ixodes pacificus )


Most cases of Lyme disease can be treated successfully with a few weeks of appropriate antibiotics. Studies of women infected during pregnancy have found that there are no negative effects on the fetus if the mother receives appropriate antibiotic treatment for her Lyme disease. In general, treatment for pregnant women is similar to that for non-pregnant persons, although certain antibiotics are not used because they may affect the fetus. If left untreated, infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system. Lyme disease is diagnosed based on symptoms, physical findings (e.g., rash), and the possibility of exposure to infected ticks. Laboratory testing is helpful in the later stages of disease.

Life Cycle of Blacklegged Ticks Blacklegged ticks live for two years. They lay eggs in the spring and those eggs hatch as larvae that summer. The larvae feed by biting small animals and consuming their blood. If the animal is infected with Lyme disease bacteria, the tick ingests them and becomes infected. The larvae progress to the nymph stage by the following spring. In the spring the ticks are very active and searching for another blood meal. When the tick feeds again it transmits bacteria into its host. The host is usually a rodent, however, this is the stage when humans are usually bitten. These bites usually occur in the late spring and summer. This is the time of year when humans should take the greatest precaution. The nymphs progress to adult stage in the fall. Adult ticks usually feed on large animals and sometimes on humans. In the spring, the adults lay their eggs on the ground and their life cycle is complete.

Typical Lyme Disease Symptoms Fever Headache Fatigue

Typical Lyme Disease Physical Finding Characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans Rash usually appears within 3 to 30 days after the bite occurs

Lyme Disease Prevention Avoid tick prone areas: high grass, wooded and brushy areas with abundant leaf litter Use insect repellent with 20% - 30% DEET on exposed skin and clothing to prevent tick bites Permethrin is another type of repellent for shirts, pants, socks, and shoes A single application of permethrin typically remains effective through several washings Permethrin kills ticks on contact!

Permethrin should not be applied directly to skin Exercise extra caution during monthe when ticks that transmit Lyme disease are most active (May, June & July) Remove ticks from your clothes before going indoors Wash clothing with hot water and dry using high heat for at least one hour Perform daily tick checks after being outdoors Inspect all parts of your body carefully including your armpits, scalp, and groin

Removing Ticks

When a tick bites it usually holds fast to its host and can be very difficult to remove Dont use petroleum jelly, a hot match, gasoline, nail polish, or other products to remove a tick Promptly remove ticks with fine-tipped tweezers Firmly grasp the tick very close to your skin, using a steady motion, pull the ticks body away from your skin

Avoid crushing the ticks body Do not be alarmed if the ticks mouthparts remain in the skin Once the mouthparts are removed from the rest of the tick, it can no longer transmit the Lyme disease bacteria If you accidentally crush the tick, clean your skin with soap and warm water or alcohol After removal, clean site with soap and warm water If a tick is attached to your skin for less than 24 hours, your chance of getting Lyme disease is extremely small But just to be safe, monitor your health closely after a tick bite and be alert for any signs and symptoms of tick-borne illness

Testing Ticks In general, the identification and testing of individual ticks is not useful for deciding if a person should get antibiotics following a tick bite. However, some state or local health departments offer tick identification and testing as a community service or for research purposes. Check with your health department; the phone number is usually found in the government pages of the telephone book.

SOURCE http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/lyme/index.htm

Office Use: Date recvd Sample# EDDDI# Commercial ____ Non ____

INSECT IDENTIFICATION SUBMISSION FORM!


OSU Insect Identification/Plant Clinic Botany and Plant Pathology 1089 Cordley Hall Corvallis, Oregon 97331-2903 Phone: 541-737-1501 Fax: 541-737-2412

Client: Name Address Phone Email

**** Please Note: The Clinic reserves the right to retain specimens submitted.****
Agent: Name Address Phone County Collection location

Date collected

Reply to: Client___ Agent____ via Phone___ Mail___ Fax____ Crop/Garden yard/landscape lawn vegetable garden other Part of plant affected Field rotated from Other comments field crop greenhouse orchard golf course/sod farm Christmas/tree plantation nursery ( container field)

Additional Information: Host plant + variety Field size/plant numbers Pattern of damage

Medical/Veterinary Host/patient Age Symptoms Association with other animals (specify) Recent travel or Known geographic location of first contact Patient Identifier Home Where in home Type of product affected (if in wood, be as specific as possible) Kind of damage (include shape and size of exit holes, frass etc.) Pets: Other: Diagnosis and Information Determination (Order:Family,Genus species) Common name (if any) Comments:
Extension Specialist date

Location on host

Acc. #