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ABSTRAK

Karies gigi merupakan penyakit gigi dan mulut yang dapat dialami setiap orang dan sering terjadi pada anak-anak. Laporan tahunan Puskesmas Simalingkar, Kecamatan Medan Tuntungan tahun 2009, diperoleh jumlah pasien yang datang berobat dengan keluhan penyakit gigi rata-rata 24 anak setiap bulannya, 19 (79,2 %) orang di antaranya menderita karies dan gingivitis. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis hubungan karakteristik (umur, pendidikan, pendapatan) dan tindakan ibu (pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi anak) dengan status kesehatan gigi dan mulut anak. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey analitik desain cross sectional yang dilaksanakan mulai bulan Januari sampai Desember 2011 dengan populasi seluruh murid kelas 6 SD Negeri 068332 dan SD Swasta Budi Murni 2 di Kecamatan Medan Tuntungan. Sampel diperoleh dengan cara pengacakan sederhana. Ibu masing-masing anak dijadikan responden. Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan uji t independent dan anova one way. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan bermakna antara umur, tingkat pendidikan, pendapatan dan tindakan ibu dengan status kesehatan gigi anaknya. Kesimpulan bahwa terdapat hubungan bermakna antara karakteristik dan tindakan ibu dengan status kesehatan gigi dan mulut anaknya. Kepada puskesmas, diharapkan dapat melaksanakan Program UKGS Paripurna untuk meningkatkan status kesehatan gigi dan mulut anak sekolah. Kepada pihak sekolah diharapkan dapat memasukkan pengetahuan tentang kesehatan gigi dan mulut dalam mata pelajaran olahraga dan kesehatan dan kepada ibu, informasi kesehatan gigi harus disebarkan melalui televisi, radio atau koran untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan tindakan ibu dalam memelihara kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Kata Kunci: Karies, Oral Higiene, Gingivitis, Tindakan

Universitas Sumatera Utara

ABSTRACT

Dental caries is a disease of the teeth and mouth that can be experienced by everyone and often occurs in children. Based on the annual report of Puskesmas Simalingkar in Medan Tuntungan Subdistrict 2009, the number of patients came to this Puskesmas for oral and dental treatment were in average 24 children every month, 19 (79.2%) of them suffered from dental caries and gingivitis. The purpose of this research was to analyze the relationship between mothers characteristics (age, education, income) and behavior (action taken to maintain her childs dental health) and the status of oral and dental health. The design of the research was survey of analytic with cross-sectional design were conducted Januari until December 2011 with a population all of students 6th grade of SD Negeri 068332 and SD Budi Murni 2 in Medan Tuntungan Subdistrict. Samples were selected by means of simple random sampling technique. The mothers of students made as respondents. Data obtained were analyzed through independent ttest and ANOVAs one way The results of this study showed that there were significant relationships between mothers age, educational level, income and behavior to maintain childs dental health with her childs dental health status. In conclusion, there were relationships between mothers chracteristics and behavior and the status of oral and dental health of their childreen. The management of puskesmas Simalingkar is suggested to be able to implement the UKGS complete program to achieve a better oral and dental health status of the school children. The school is suggested to include the lesson on oral and dental health in the lesson of sport and health. For mother information on dental health maintenance should be promoted through television, radio or newspaper in order to improve knowledge and behavior in maintaining dental health. Keywords: Caries, Oral Hygiene, Gingivitis, Action

Universitas Sumatera Utara