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SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS Water Conditioning GRD2000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Technical Bulletin 6.10, Rev. 0 December 1998

Squirrel Cage Induction Motors

29 Royal Road, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 1G2

Telephone:(519) 836-0500, Fax:(519) 837-3067, Website www.glegg.com

TM

SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS Water Conditioning GRD2000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Technical Bulletin 6.10, Rev. 0 December 1998

Table of Contents
Section 1.0 2.0 3.0 Scope References Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 General Service Conditions Enclosure Speed Electrical Service Insulation Class Noise Level Bearings Space Heaters

Page
2 2 3 3 4 4 4 5 6 6 6 6 7 8 8 8 9

4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0

Materials of Construction Nameplate Documentation Inspection, Examination and Testing

Attachment A Induction Motor Data Sheet

29 Royal Road, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 1G2

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SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS Water Conditioning GRD2000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Technical Bulletin 6.10, Rev. 0 December 1998 1.0 Scope
This specification establishes the minimum requirements for the design, materials, testing, inspection and performance of small squirrel cage induction motors and submersible motors less than 250 horsepower in size.

ROTOR FAN BALL BEARING STATOR

EYE BOLT CAST IRON FRAME

BALL BEARING BRACKETPULLEY END

FAN GUARD LEADS CONDUIT BOX

KEYED SHAFT

Figure 1-1: Three Phase Totally Enclosed Motor

2.0 References
The latest edition or revision of the following references are part of this specification: National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) MG1 Motors and Generators MG2 Safety Standard for Construction and Guide for Selection, Installation and Use of Electric Motors Canadian Standards Association (CSA) C390-93 Energy Efficiency Test Methods for Three Phase Induction Motors (Performance of electrical products) C22.2 #100 Motors and Generators Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 112 Standard Test Procedure for Polyphase Induction Motors and Generators 85 Airborne Sound Measurements on Rotating Electric Machinery (test procedure for)

29 Royal Road, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 1G2

Telephone:(519) 836-0500, Fax:(519) 837-3067, Website www.glegg.com

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SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS Water Conditioning GRD2000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Technical Bulletin 6.10, Rev. 0 December 1998 3.0 Design
3.1 General 3.1.1 Motors shall be two bearing, squirrel cage induction type with single shaft extensions suitable for drive applications. The selection of the motor shall be coordinated with the manufacturer of the driven equipment to ensure optimum compatibility. All motors shall be UL listed, or CSA approved if being installed in Canada. All non-submersible motors with a frame size larger than or equal to 182 or weighing >70 lbs. shall be complete with a lifting eye bolt. In accordance with MG-2-1.3, a single eye bolt shall be designed to lift the motor at any angle between 0 and 30o, and when multiple eye bolts are used any angle between 0 and 45o, with a minimum safety factor of five (5). The service factor for all motors shall not be less than 1.0 in accordance with MG-1-12.47.2. Motors with a service factor of 1.15 are preferred, provided that the maximum BHP does not exceed the motor rating at 1.0 service factor. All three phase motors shall comply with NEMA design B, see MG-11.16.1.2. Motors shall be designed to withstand full voltage starting, developing locked rotor, breakdown and pull-up torques as specified in MG1-12.38, 12.39 and 12.40 respectively, The locked rotor current shall not exceed the values shown in MG-1 -1 2.35 for 60 Hz and 12.36 for 50 Hz. The slip at rated load shall not exceed 5%. All single phase motors shall comply with NEMA design L, M, N, or 0, see MG-1-1.17.1 and 1.17.2. Motors shall be designed to withstand full voltage starting, developing locked rotor and breakdown torques as specified in MG-1-12.32.2 and 12.32.1 respectively. The locked rotor current shall not exceed the values shown in MG-1 -1 2.33. Motors shall operate successfully under running conditions at the rated load when there are fluctuations in the rated voltage of +/- 10%, fluctuations in the rated frequency of +/- 5% or a combined fluctuation of +/- 10% (with the frequency component not to exceed +/- 5%). Motors shall be rated for continuous full-load operation. 3.1.7 Motors shall be dynamically balanced. The use of solder or weld deposition for balancing is not acceptable. The maximum allowable peak-to-peak amplitude vibration shall be in compliance with MG-1-12.06.

3.1.2

3.1.3

3.1.4

3.1.5

3.1.6

29 Royal Road, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 1G2

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SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS Water Conditioning GRD2000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Technical Bulletin 6.10, Rev. 0 December 1998
3.2 Service Conditions All non-submersible motors shall be designed for the following service conditions: An ambient temperature of -40 to 40o C. An altitude less than 3300 feet. Rigidly mounted to fixed surface. Sufficient movement of free air to allow proper ventilation. Industrial environments that will have airborne particles. Industrial or coastal environments that will have high levels of humidity or salt-laden air.

All submersible motors shall be designed for the following service: Maximum ambient water temperature of 30o C with water flow past the motor of 0.5 ft/sec.

3.3

Enclosure (Non-Submersible) All motors shall be totally enclosed to alleviate the need for an additional enclosure, structure or shield for protection from environmental conditions. Motors that are smaller than or equal to 1/4 HP shall be totally enclosed nonventilated (TENV). Motors larger than 1/4 HP shall be totally enclosed fan cooled (TEFC). TEFC motors shall be complete with one or more fans that are an integral part of the unit but are mounted external to the enclosing parts. All enclosures shall be suitably painted or plated to prevent corrosion when installed in an industrial or coastal environment. No external part of any motor shall exceed 170 degrees C under any operating condition.

3.4

Speed All motors shall be of the constant speed type. The synchronous speeds shall be 3600 rpm and 1800 rpm for 60 Hz units and 3000 rpm and 1500 rpm for 50 Hz units.

29 Royal Road, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 1G2

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SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS Water Conditioning GRD2000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Technical Bulletin 6.10, Rev. 0 December 1998
3.5 Electrical Service 3.5.1 All motors smaller than and equal to 1/4 HP shall be 120/l/60 VAC or 220/1/ 50 VAC as required by the site conditions. All motors larger than 1/4 HP shall be 460/3/60 VAC, 575/3/60 VAC or 380/3/50 VAC, as required by the site conditions. Dual voltage motors are acceptable. All motors smaller than or equal to 1/4 HP shall have wiring terminals, wiring leads or a power cord assembly. The power cord assembly shall have a minimum current carrying capacity of 125 percent of the rated current of the machine. They shall be complete with grounding conductors, strain relief to prevent transmitting cord pull to the windings, and a suitable well rounded bushing where the cord passes through the enclosure. Motors larger than 1/4 HP shall be complete with wiring terminals or wiring leads. The wiring terminals shall be the wire binding screw or threaded terminal stud type. The wiring terminals shall be securely fastened and shall be plated or of a suitable material to prevent corrosion. The wiring leads shall be of suitable ampacity and shall not be smaller than 18 AWG. Lead insulation shall be capable of withstanding the high-potential test voltage. All leads shall be properly identified. Provision shall be made to prevent the leads from coming into contact with the internal rotating parts, being abraded or interfering with the operation of the internal devices. The wiring terminals and leads shall be installed in a terminal housing. The housing may be a separate terminal box mounted on the outside of the motor or they may be partially or completely a part of the motor enclosure. Terminal boxes shall be complete with a ground terminal and a cable lug or grounding screw for the ground wire inside the box and a conduit opening. The ground termination shall be in accordance with MG-2, table 1-4. The terminal boxes on all foot-mounted motors shall be capable of withstanding without failure a vertical load of 240 pounds and bending moments on the conduit openings as defined in MG-2-1.5.2. All terminals shall be permanently marked in accordance with MG-1, section 2. The markings shall be on or directly adjacent to terminals to which connections must be made from outside circuits or from auxiliary devices. On motors where no terminal strip is used, permanent markings must be provided on the leads. A connection diagram complete with the terminal or wiring lead markings shall be permanently attached to the motor.

3.5.2

3.5.3

3.5.4

29 Royal Road, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 1G2

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SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS Water Conditioning GRD2000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Technical Bulletin 6.10, Rev. 0 December 1998
3.6 Insulation Class Non-submersible motors shall be NEMA class F insulation with a maximum NEMA class B temperature rise. The insulation shall be moisture resistant and resistant to moderate abrasives. Submersible motors will have NEMA class F insulation and operate within NEMA class A temperature rise. 3.7 Noise Level The noise levels of all motors shall not exceed the values given in MG-1-12.49.3 and will be tested in accordance with IEEE 85. 3.8 Bearings Motors shall be complete with anti-friction or sleeve-type bearings. Bearings shall be in accordance with AFBMA standard 9 and shall be selected to provide a minimum L10 service life of 100,000 hours. Bearings shall be regreasable and shall be complete with plugs or alemite grease fittings or bearings can be sealed-for-life type for smaller than and equal to 215T frame motors. Regreasable bearings shall be designed with double shields to prevent the ingress of any foreign substance. 3.9 Space Heaters When space heaters are provided (non-submersible motors) they shall be capable of maintaining the interior of the motor enclosure above the dew point when the motor is not in operation. The space heater shall be rated for 240 volts and operate at 120/l/60 VAC or 220/l/50 VAC as required and wired to a separate terminal box. The maximum sheath temperature will not exceed 150o C.

29 Royal Road, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 1G2

Telephone:(519) 836-0500, Fax:(519) 837-3067, Website www.glegg.com

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SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS Water Conditioning GRD2000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Technical Bulletin 6.10, Rev. 0 December 1998 4.0 Materials of Construction
All material shall be new and of high quality. The motor frames and end shields shall be of cast iron or steel construction, designed to adequately house, support and secure all motor components. Windings shall be copper, suitable for all conditions of service and shall be random or form wound and securely braced to resist failure through electrical stresses and vibration. Motor shafts shall be fabricated from high grade machined or forged steel of adequate size to withstand the loads normally encountered with the ratings employed. Fans shall be of non sparking corrosion resistant material. All submersible motors must be of corrosion resistant exterior construction for the intended service. A typical material specification for water service is shown below:

Component Castings Stator Shell Stator Ends Shaft Extension Fasteners Seal Cover Seal Diaphragm Diaphragm Plate Diaphragm Spring Sl i ng er Lead Wire Lead Potting Pipe Plug

Ni-Resist Ni-Resist Type 1B 316SS 316SS 17-4SS 316SS 316SS * Nitrile Rubber 316SS 17-4SS Type 100 Hydrin Hypaion Epoxy 316SS

316SS 316SS 316SS 316SS 17-4SS 316SS 316SS * Nitrile Rubber 316SS 17-4SS Type 100 Hydrin Hypaion Epoxy 316SS

* Carbon, Ceramic Face Seal, Optional silicon carbide seal also available

29 Royal Road, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 1G2

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SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS Water Conditioning GRD2000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Technical Bulletin 6.10, Rev. 0 December 1998 5.0 Nameplate
All motors shall be complete with a corrosion resistant metal nameplate permanently attached to the motor enclosure. Nameplate markings shall be in compliance with MG-1 -1 0.39.1, 10.40, NRCan and EPACT for small single phase and medium single phase and polyphase motors respectively. The nameplate should include the nominal and minimum guaranteed efficiency values.

6.0 Documentation
The motor manufacturer shall supply a completed motor data sheet for each motor as illustrated in Attachment A.

7.0 Inspection, Examination and Testing


All motors shall successfully pass the tests required by MG-1 , section 12. Highpotential tests shall be conducted only by trained personnel and as a minimum, the safety precautions described in MG-2, 1.10.1 through 1.10.4 should be followed. Testing of motors shall be performed in accordance with IEEE 112 or CSA C390. (Motor manufacturer to state method of testing used.)

29 Royal Road, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 1G2

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SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS Water Conditioning GRD2000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Technical Bulletin 6.10, Rev. 0 December 1998 Attachment A Induction Motor Data Sheet
Motor Equipment Number Manufacturer Model Number Enclosure Frame Horsepower Service Factor Electrical Service-Voltage/Phase/Frequency Synchronous Speed (rpm) Full-Load Speed (rpm) NEMA Design Letter Insulation Class Temperature Rise (oC) Current: Full-Load (amps) Locked Rotor (amps) Efficiency: 100% Load 75% Load 50% Load Power Factor: 100% Load 75% Load 50% Load Torque Percent: Locked Rotor Breakdown Torque @ Full-Load (ft-lb) Moment of Inertia (lb-ft2) Acceleration Time (seconds) Typical Noise Level (dbA @ 3 ft) Rotation (viewed from end opposite drive) Bearing Type Mounting Weight Space Heater Voltage/Phase/Frequency Watts / / Minimum Nominal

29 Royal Road, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 1G2

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