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Thought Field Therapy

Level I+ Workshop Manual


with Commentary

By

Fred P.

allo! Ph.".

Thought Field Therapy Level I+


Workshop Manual
with Commentary
By #$$% Fred P. allo! Ph.".# &''# (evision
Psy)hologi)al *ervi)es! +' *nyder (d.! ,ermitage! P- #+#.% /&.01.+01%1% F-2 /&.01.+0.11$ www.energypsy)h.)om 3gallo4energypsy)h.)om

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A factory was having difficulty with one of its boilers, and a number of experts had attempted repair it to no avail. The manager then heard of a Master Technician, who was known far and wide for his expertise. And so he requested his assistance. When the technician arrived, the manager was somewhat taken aback, since the man was dressed in a shirt and tie, not the typical garb that one would don before doing greasy boiler work. Also the technician carried with him only a very small toolbox, which couldn t have weighed more than a few pounds. After the technician was escorted to the boiler room, he casually surveyed the monstrosity, looking at the gages and tilting his head as he listened. !e thereupon set his toolbox on a nearby table, opened it, and removed a tape measure and a pencil. At this point the Master Technician did a bit of measuring and made three distinct marks with his pencil on the wall of the boiler. !e then replaced the pencil and measure in the box, removed a small ball peen hammer, and proceeded to tap on the boiler at the precise locations he had marked. "mmediately everything #fell$ into place and the boiler worked perfectly from then on. A month or so later the manager received a bill for %&''' from the technician. This appalled the manager greatly, as the technician was only at the factory for about ten minutes. The manager hurriedly wrote a note, requesting an itemi(ed statement, and expressing displeasure for being charged so dearly for, as he said, #simply striking the boiler with a hammer)$ *everal weeks later the manager received a note from the technician, indicating that he #absolutely$ agreed that it would be unconscionable for him charge so much for #simply striking the boiler with a hammer.$ As requested the technician also enclosed an itemi(ed statement as follows+ Tapping ,oiler with hammer-/nowing where to Tap---T1TA2--%..'' %00..'' %&'''.''

Theoreti)al9Treatment Levels
3sychological therapies are rooted in assumptions about the nature of man and the nature of psychological problems, and their procedures emanate from such viewpoints. While serendipity often plays a role in the construction of these theories or theaters 4thea, the root, meaning the act of seeing5, as a discovery is stumbled upon 4e.g., 3avlov s salivating dogs, 6instein s thought experiments, 7leming s petri dish, etc.5 and then later paradigmized. "t is obvious to the serious student of theory that the very act of constructing a theory or model is simultaneously inclusive and exclusive, and a useful distortion.

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This manual, developed by 8r. 7red 9allo, has evolved since its first edition in &00:, with over .' seminars being conducted with this material. T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision

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Behavioral08nvironmental Paradigm
1ne way to view human behavior and psychopathology is from the standpoint of external behavior. 9iven this perspective we do not entertain hypothetical internal constructs such as ego, mind, belief, motivation, and so forth. "n concert with the radical behaviorist, we avoid peering inside of the #black box,$ while not going so far as to conclude that there is nothing inside of it. 6xternal behavior is the dependent variable and a host of environmental independent variables are introduced toward producing behavior change. !ere we attempt to establish a relationship between behavior and its context. 7or example, acrophobia may be treated by exposing the phobic patient to gradually or rapidly increasing elevations, imaginary or in vivo, without the option of escape. Avoidance is negatively reinforcing or rewarding, since the anxiety is diminished or alleviated as soon as one escapes from the fear@producing stimuli. "t is assumed that avoidance serves to keep the stimulus@response bond in tact, and that the bond will be severed after a period of time that proves it to be of no value. "ndeed it has been demonstrated that in vivo exposure is significantly more effective than relaxation or cognitive restructuring in the treatment of acrophobia. As another example, if a patient has Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, the behavioral paradigm might guide us to determine the environmental contingencies that elicit the various symptoms including #flashbacks,$ nightmares, hyper@vigilance, heightened startle response, affective numbing, etc. The stimulus@response bonds can then be determined and subAected to our treatment efforts. 6ssentially we conclude that the problem is one of conditioning history or learning. 6xtinction of the *@? bonds is the desired outcome in effective therapy. Again we may choose to expose the trauma victim to the various stimuli, predominantly in imagination, while preventing avoidance, thus promoting extinction of the symptoms. "n the tradition of Boseph Wolpe, M8, the extinction procedure may be softened by introducing relaxation while the patient is exposed to the traumatic memory or phobic situation, thus reducing the level of anxiety during exposure. ?elaxation inhibits the anxiety response that is associated with the various stimuli, including the memory of the trauma or, in the case of our acrophobic patient, height. The assumption is that anxiety and relaxation cannot coexist at the same time in the same exact place 4i.e., the patient being treated5. The conditions of such reciprocal inhibition may also be fulfilled with other anxiety@inhibiting states, such as sexual and aggressive responses, that compete with anxiety. There is no doubt that humans are behaving being and that environmental contingencies, extinction, and so on are relevant. *chedules of reinforcement and other variables outlined by the behaviorists are apparent facts at one level of description. ,ehavior therapies are variably effective, depending upon the condition being treated. "n the case of 3T*8, of all the behavioral techniques, flooding has been shown to be effective in reducing anxiety symptoms, although flooding is also associated with a number of undesirable side effects including panic episodes, depression and alcoholic relapse. Additionally this therapeutic procedure can prove exceptionally uncomfortable for the patient, with several C'@0' minute exposure sessions necessitated over C@&C sessions in order to achieve noteworthy clinical effects. 6ven at this, the most significant clinical results have been within the sixty@ percent range after &. desensiti(ation sessions.

Cognitive Paradigm
Another way to view human behavior and psychopathology is from the standpoint of cognition. While the behaviorist explores the relationship between behavior and context, the cognitive psychologist attends to the internal factors, the integrative functions between stimulus and response. "n this respect language is often seen as an important mediator of behavior and it therefore becomes the primary focus of intervention. ?eturning to our acrophobia patient, while there is an obvious stimulus@response bond such that height produces anxiety symptoms, the cognitive paradigm would hold that internal processing is really what causes the anxiety. That is, rather than *@?, we turn our attention to *timulus@"ntegration@?esponse or *@"@?5. 7rom this perspective it is proposed that the person with acrophobia, while observing sign stimuli of the proximity of converging lines of perspective, namely the visual cues that coveys the sense of height, thereupon engages in anxiety@provoking self@talk such as, #This is terribly dangerous and " m bound to slip and fall to my death.$ "t might also be discovered that this internal dialogue is further embellished with an internal image or movie of falling helplessly to the death. The scenario is vivid, convincing and profoundly frightening. !owever the thoughts themselves may be seen as containing an irrational component. The traditional rationally@oriented cognitive therapist will subsequently respond in either a forcefully directive manner, such as is often the case with Albert 6llis s ?ational 6motive ,ehavior TherapyD or in a relatively non@directive, *ocratic manner, that is characteristic of Aaron T. ,eck s Eognitive Therapy. ,oth approaches assist T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision F

the patient in challenging the validity of these cognitive structures, these images and self@utterances. 7rom 6llis s perspective, the patient would be instructed to dispute this irrational position by recogni(ing that this is merely awfulizing or catastrophic thinking, that #having a thought of falling helplessly to your death does not mean that it will inevitably happen,$ and so on. At the same time the patient might receive relevant instruction in the fact that it is not the circumstance of being in high places 4i.e., Activating 6vent or #A$5 that is causing the high level of anxiety 4i.e., Eonsequence or #E$5, but rather the mediator that occurs between A and E 4i.e., "rrational ,elief or #,$5. That is, A,E, whereby #A$ represents the height, and #E$ represents the anxiety and avoidance, that is caused by #,,$ the internal irrational Belief. *ome cognitive therapies do not so much focus on the issue of rationality as the internal narrative in which the patient engages and through which experience is created. The emphasis is still *@"@?D however, attention is directed at the constructionistic narrative. The patient is assisted in altering the response by altering the narrative via reframing, relabeling, and so. 1f course, a cognitively oriented therapist might choose to attend to internal linguistic factors other than beliefs and narration. Attention to the internal imagery itself might be altered alone or in concert with the internal dialogue. *imilarly, internal tone of voice might be another variable to consider. 7or example alteration of the tone from one of desperation to that of confidence and calm would produce a shift in one s emotional response. A paradigm shift within the cognitive paradigm is found with a neo-cognitive approach, referred to as Psychology of Mind, as promulgated by 9eorge 3ransky, 3h.8. and ?oger Mills, 3h.8. While the source of psychological disturbance is perceived as a function of thought, the 31M approach does not venture into an analysis and disputing of erroneous cognition, attending to narration, and so on. The very process of examining the pathological thought processes is not considered to be advisable, since it may actually serve to reinforce the pathology. "n this respect it is the 31M position that such a process gives the patient an erroneous idea, suggesting that thought is independently powerful, separate from mind. ?ather the 31M patient is led to a philosophic understanding of the effect of thought itself, especially when one abdicates one s own power in relationship to thought. To perceive thought as having power in and of itself is concluded to be incorrect. With this brand of therapy, the patient is taught about the interaction of moods and thoughts, observing that low mood elicits negative thoughts, emotions, and a basic sense of insecurityD whereas, high mood yields quite the opposite. "n the spirit of *t. 7rancis of Assisi, the patient learns that while negative thoughts will inevitably fly through one s head like scavenger crows, #Gou don t have to let them make a nest in your head.$ 3ransky depicts moods as being equivalent to internal weather. "t is neither good nor bad. "t is Aust weather, Aust moods. !e recommends that we be grateful in our high mood and graceful in our lower ones. 31M holds that everyone has the ability to reali(e mental health and that simply coming from a state of health is a much more efficient and gratifying way to approach therapy, for both the client and therapist. While the behaviorist primarily attends to causal factors in the environment, the cognitive psychologist views the primary cause as within the behaving organism. Eertainly the behaviorist recogni(es that conditioning is an event that somehow manifests within the patientD however, the trigger or essential cause is determined to emanate from the environment. Again the distinctness of the cognitive paradigm is that the cause is internal processing and that linguistic processing is generally involved.

6eurologi) Paradigm
,esides external behavior, effects from the environment, chemical and cognitive factors, neurology clearly plays a significant role in behavior and the manifestation of psychological problems. 8istinct brain structures have been shown to be relevant in various aspects of cognitive and emotional functioning. 7or example, the hypothalamus is instrumental in the regulation of basic drives such as hunger, thirst, sex and aggressionD the hippocampus is relevant in memory functioningD and the amygdala is involved in a variety of aspects of emotional responsiveness. With respect to the effects of trauma on brain functioning and integrity, 2edoux has proposed an indelibility hypothesis that states that 3T*8 results in irreversible lesions in the amygdala, thus accounting for the resistance of 3T*8 to varieties of therapeutic efforts. !owever with regard to learning and memory in general, attempts to locate specific physiological changes in the brain, that is the engrams of memory, have not proved fruitful. Therefore 3ribram, on the basis of these findings and his own research has postulated a holographic model of the brain, suggesting that memory and perception, as well as possibly many other aspects of psychological functioning, are holographically rather than engramatically locali(ed. "n Beyond ypnosis, 2ee 3ulos, 3h.8. states, #"n short, 3ribram discovered that the brain HdoesI more than Aust simple digital data processing. "n order to remember, imagine, problem@solve, or appreciate music, the brain creates large@scale interference patterns with information, distributing information content T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision :

throughout the brain.$ According to 8avid ,ohm, from which 3ribrim got his holographic ideas, even the universe as a whole, as well as our perception of it, has been posited to exist holographically, although that aspect goes beyond our present focus. "t should be noted that many neurophysiology studies have supported 3ribrim s holographic hypothesis. While many questions remain as to how the brain and other aspects of the nervous system operate, obviously the hardware of our neurology plays a role in the manifestation of our behavior, psychological functioning, and disturbances. !uman beings are also neurologic beings.

Chemi)al Paradigm
Turning our attention to chemistry, it is clear that neurotransmitters, hormones and blood levels of oxygen play a significant role in our functioning and in the manifestation of psychological dysfunction. 1ur acrophobic patient experiences a surge of adrenaline when he attempts to climb a ladder or lean over a balcony from a height of several stories. When our 3T*8 patient was exposed to the original traumatic event, that stress was accompanied by the release of a variety of endogenous neurohormones, including cortisol, oxytocin, vasopressin, endogenous opioids, epinephrine and norepinephrine. Additionally low levels of serotonin, a formidable neurotransmitter, have been shown to be instrumental in exaggerated startle response, impulsivity and aggression, and with respect to the involuntary preoccupation with the trauma. 2ow levels of serotonin are also known to be significant aspects of depression and obsessive@compulsive disorder. Again it can be readily asserted that chemistry, too, is a relevant factor in the formula of psychological functioning and psychological problems. We are chemical beings as much as we are neurologic, systemic, cognitive and behavioral. This leads us to an even more essential component and even more fundamental domain.

8nergy Paradigm
6nergy resides at the most fundamental level of ,eing. 6instein s dictum, 6Jmc>, asserts that matter and energy are interchangeable aspects of the same reality, and therefore matter is essentially energy frozen in time. "n a related sense, energy is matter waiting to happen or material potentiality. *ince energy operates at the speed of light and thus within a realm outside of time 4Goung, &0KCa5, it also poetically follows that energy is timelessness as yet to be fro(en into matter. *end matter soaring through space at the speed of light and we have pure energy. 6ssentially then, everything in our #material$ reality can be reduced to energy, although Arthur Goung has suggested that action is more fundamental. And could consciousness be even more fundamental yet, as 9oswami has suggestedL 6nergy exists in various states and forms, some states and forms being more readily detectable than others. Thus standard instrumentation can easily measure electricity, as long as the current is of sufficient amperes and volts. The same holds true of electro@mechanical, electro@optical, electro@acoustical and electromagnetic forms of energy. "t is feasible and highly probable, however, that there are degrees and types of energy so subtle that they cannot be detected or accurately measured by current instruments. "f all is essentially energy, it follows that this holds true for the hardware of our nervous system, the neurochemistry and even thought and cognition. While therapy can be conducted at more material levels, it is hypothesi(ed that if it can be directed precisely at an energy level, it will prove more thorough and immediate in its effects.

*ome ,ighly 833i)ient Therapies


?ecently several therapies have emerged that produce rapid therapeutic results, often within a matter of minutes. "ndeed these methods significantly deviate from therapies based on traditional behavioral, cognitive, developmental, systemic, neurologic and chemical paradigms. While most of the developers of the methods do not proffer an energy explanation as to their methods effectiveness, it is relevant to briefly explore each of these approaches before delving in greater depth into the energy paradigm. The reality of efficacious effects demands our attention, especially since methods that produce such results are likely in close proximity to the most immediate or fundamental cause of psychological problems.

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:isual05inestheti) "isso)iation ;:95 "< (i)hard Bandler = >ohn rinder


;M/8 assists the client in therapeutically dissociating from the negative feelings associated with the traumatic memory, phobic situation, or any negative emotion@inducing situation for that matter, by visually reviewing the event from an altered visual perspective 4Eameron@,andler, &0K=5. 1ne approach to ;M/8, when treating trauma for example, is to direct the client to visuali(e a snapshot of a moment immediately prior to the event, when the individual was feeling safe or not experiencing anything in particular. Next, dissociation is introduced by having the client watch herself in that past scene, rather than being in that scene. 8issociation can be further enhanced by having the client maintain a perceptual position that entails an additional level of dissociation, as promoted through instructions such as the following+ #Watch yourself watching the younger you way over there in the past going through 4that trauma5.$ Most clients are able to achieve this perceptual shift with linguistic assistance on the part of the therapist. While therapeutic dissociation is maintained, the client is directed to allow the #movie$ of the event to unfold and to become aware of understandings or resources needed in order to promote resolution. 7or instance, it may become evident to the client that, #it is over and " survived.$ The client is then asked to #share$ this knowledge and understanding with the #past self,$ the one who suffered the trauma. 1bviously the sharing takes place in imagery and internal dialogue. 1nce the client perceives her #younger self$ feeling safe and secure, the client may be directed to follow up with a kinesthetic gesture of #reaching out and taking hold$ of the younger self and #bringing her into one s self$ so that she may feel forever safe. This entire procedure often results in a significant reduction or elimination of negative affect with any future recall of the event. Another approach to ;M/8 is to have the client imagine that he is seated comfortably in a movie theater, viewing an achromatic snap shot of a scene immediately preceding the trauma. 1nce this scene is in mind, the therapist directs the client to the next level of dissociation by saying words such as the following+ #And now float out of your body seated there in the theater, and float back here in the proAection booth with me while we watch you down there seated in the theater, watching the younger you way over there in the past on the movie screen. And continue to remain safely and comfortably up here in the proAection booth with me, as we observe you seated in the theater, watching the movie of that traumatic event unfold in slow motion.$ The therapist continues with dissociative language to assist the client in maintaining distance while the movie plays all the way to the end. The client is asked to allow the scene to unfold to a point where he feels relatively safe, allowing that final scene to free(e into a snapshot. Next the therapists asks the client to re@associate into the seated position in the theater+ #And now float back down into your body seated there in the theater, continuing to observe that snapshot of the safe scene after the trauma is over.$ After this phase of the procedure is completed, the client is asked to associate into the scene on the screen. #And now step into that safe moment up on the screen. " am going to ask you to do something that only sounds difficult as " describe it, but you will actually find it fairly easy to do. When " say Obegin, allow the scene to become colorful and to rapidly proceed backwards all the way to the beginning. 6verything should be going in reverse+ gestures, walking, moving, words, and so on. Allow this all to happen very quickly, taking no more than two or three seconds to complete. And when you are at the beginning of the scene, that safe place before it all began, " would like you to stop picturing the scene and to look out at me. 8o you understandL-.?eady-,egin.$ After the backwards movie is completed, the therapist directs the client to look at him, so as to stop internal visuali(ation. Ehecking the client s emotional response to the memory generally reveals a significant reduction or elimination of distress. *ometimes this method needs to be repeated a few times so as to eliminate all distress. 8eveloped by ,andler and 9rinder, ;M/8 is a Neuro@2inguistic 3rogramming technique. N23 is a method of modeling and not a theoretical position. "t entails patterning the internal and external behaviors of people who have been able to achieve consistent results in various activities, including psychotherapy. ;M/8 is likely modeled from the behavior of renowned therapists such as hypnotists@psychiatrists, Milton !. 6rickson, M8, and 7rederick *. 3earls, M8, 3h.8., founder of 9estalt therapy. "t is based on the recognition of synesthesia patterns, *@? bonds between sensory systems. 7or example, an external or internal visual stimulus can result in an immediate unpleasurable or negative kinesthetic response. When employed to treat trauma, the focus of ;M/8 is on interrupting the synesthesia pattern by introducing dissociation while the client attends to the memory of the event. This creates a revised *@? bond. That is, since the individual no longer recalls the trauma in an associated manner, negative emotionality is removed from the memory. This process should not be confused with the global dissociation that is characteristic of conditions such as 3T*8 and various dissociative disorders. While these conditions involve severe disruptions of various integrative functions, ;M/8 merely entails a shift in one s T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision C

perception of a memory from associated 4i.e., as if one is reliving the experience5 to dis@associated 4i.e., not experiencing the memory in an associated manner5.

8ye Movement "esensiti?ation and (epro)essing ;8M"( < Fran)ine *hapiro


6M8? directs the client to attend to traumatic memories while PtrackingP eye movements, in response to the therapistQs prompting. The client also internally rehearses an associated negative belief 4e.g., P"Qm powerless.P5 initially and sometimes intermittently during the eye movements, and attends to emotional and physical factors stimulated during the process. *R8 are monitored, while the therapist follows the client in a fairly non@directive manner, prompting eye movements as relevant material emerges. After this results in significant reduction in *R8, the client rehearses an appropriate positive belief 4e.g., P"Qm worthwhile.P5 during eye movements, in order to PinstallP the belief. "t should be noted that during 6M8? associated memories, evidence of a greater memory network, often emerge and are treated in a similar manner. 1ther phases of treatment include Pbody scanP to evaluate progress and determine targets for additional sets of eye movements if necessary, and Pclosure,P which includes assessment of safety, client debriefing, etc. 7orms of stimulation other than eye movements, including tones, light, and physical tapping, have also been found to be effective. *hapiro believes that the stimulation triggers Pa physiological mechanism that activates the information@ processing systemP 4*hapiro, &00., p.F'5. *he lists various mechanisms that may be responsible for activating and facilitating processing+ P...dual focus of attention...to present stimuli and the past traumaD a differential effect of neuronal bursts caused by the various stimuli, which may serve as the equivalent of a low@voltage current and directly affect synaptic potentialD HandI de@conditioning caused by a relaxation responseP 4*hapiro, &00., p.F'5. The traumatic material is assumed to be processed to an adaptive resolution via accelerated information processing. "t is proposed that this tends to occur naturally with lesser issues, but is frequently blocked when one is exposed to intense experiences such as trauma. "t is hypothesi(ed that 6M8? serves to activate this natural healing mechanism.

Traumati) In)ident (edu)tion ;TI(<


Frank er@ode
T"? is one of many methods subsumed under what is referred to as Metapsychology, the development of psychiatrist, 7rank 9erbode, partly from his extensive experience in *cientology and 8ianetics. T"? is a specific process whereby the client, referred to as Pviewer,P visuali(es the traumatic incident while the therapist provides instructions. The viewer locates an incident that is believed to be resolvable within the course of the session, which may require several hours. The viewer is instructed to choose a most PinterestingP traumatic event, since it is assumed that PinterestP signals the capacity and inclination to learn. 1nce an incident is located, the viewer is instructed to note any awareness Aust prior to the event unfolding. Next the event is viewed silently from beginning to end, after which the viewer reports what was observed. This process is repeated until the viewer arrives at a resolution. "t is assumed that there are gaps in the viewerQs awareness and that by repeatedly viewing the event, this information comes to the fore, thus resulting in alleviation of negative emotions and cognition associated with the event. The resolution of earlier associated trauma, the awareness of which may emerge during this process, is also assumed to be relevant in this regard, as is awareness of the intention that the person had at the time of the traumatic event4s5. While T"? has many commonalties to flooding, it is nonetheless a significant departure from this traditional approach to exposure. Although the behavior therapist may also attend to hisMher relationship with the client, the T"? therapist takes great #pains$ and time establishing a deep relationship with the viewer. 9erbode 4&0==5 notes that Earl ?ogers was a significant influence on him in this regard. Additionally T"? assumes that the trauma will be resolved within the course of a single session, even if the session requires several hours to complete.

Thought Field Therapy ;TFT <


(oger >. Callahan
T7T directs the client to attend to a disturbing traumatic memory or other emotionally charged condition while physically tapping on specific acupuncture meridian points. The therapist often follows a diagnostic process involving a manual muscle testing procedure to discern a specific sequence of meridian points needed in order to achieve therapeutic results. Another T7T diagnostic procedure, the ;oice Technology, determines a sequence by evaluating the patient s voice. A standard T7T trauma algorithm, derived from diagnostic procedures, has the client attune to the traumatic memory, determine a *R8 rating &@&', and then briefly tap on each of the following potent T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision K

meridian points 4i.e., maAor treatments5 in sequence+ beginning of an eyebrow above the bridge of the nose, directly under an eye orbit, approximately four inches under an armpit, and under the collarbone next to the sternum. After these treatments are completed, the *R8 rating generally dropping by several points, the client is directed through the Nine 9amut Treatments 4095, which involves simultaneously tapping between the little and ring fingers on the back of a hand while doing the following+ eyes closed and opened, eyes down left and down right, eyes in clockwise and counterclockwise directions, humming notes, counting, and humming again. At this point the *R8 are generally lower yet, and the client is directed to repeat the maAor treatments. 7requently at this phase, all or most distress associated with the memory has been alleviated. "f the *R8 rating is not down to a &, repeating the treatments will often achieve the desired results. *ometimes associated memories emerge when treating a targeted traumatic memory. The T7T treatments are then merely directed at the new material, which is generally treated Aust as quickly an effectively as the target memory. Also at times a client evidences a condition referred to as psychological reversal 43?5, which blocks the treatments from working. "t is hypothesi(ed that 3? entails reversed energy flow in the meridians, which results in a negativistic, self@sabotaging state. 3? treatment often quickly corrects this condition so that therapy can proceed successfully. While a variety of 3?Qs have been identified, the most common form is corrected by having the client simultaneously tap on the little finger side of a hand while repeating an affirmation such as, P" accept myself even though " have this problem.P T7T is based on the assumption that psychological problems are manifestations of isolable active information 4,ohm, 8. and !iley, ,.B., &00F5 energetically coded within thought fields. Eallahan defines a thought field as follows+ P... the specific thoughts, perturbations and related information which are active in a problem or treatment situation. "n order to diagnose and treat effectively the appropriate thought field must be attuned$ 4Eallahan, &00:, 3. K5. 6xamples of thought fields include traumatic memories, thinking about or being in proximity of phobic obAect, or even the thought of an elephant. A perturbation is defined as Pthe fundamental and easily modifiable trigger containing specific information which sets off the physiological, neurological, hormonal chemical and cognitive events which result in the experience of specific negative emotionsP 4Eallahan, &00., 3. >5. ,y removing the perturbation4s5 from the thought field, distress associated with the traumatic memory, the phobia, or the thought about an elephant 4if one is phobic of elephants5 is alleviated.

*ome (oots o3 TFT


-)upun)ture9 Meridians
7ive thousand years ago, give or take a century or two, an anonymous person or persons in Ehina discovered that the body has an energy system that follows specific pathways, referred to as channels or meridians. 3redating the Ehinese findings by a couple thousand years the same bioenergy system, albeit with unique distinctions and treatment procedures, was elucidated in "ndia . There is also evidence that similar knowledge sprung up previously in other parts of the world, including 6gypt, Arabia, ,ra(il, among the ,antu Tribes of Africa and the 6skimos. The Ehinese system elaborated twelve primary bilateral meridians, each of which passes through a specific organ of the body, including the lungs, heart, stomach, large intestine, liver and so forthD in addition to collector meridians which intersect the front and back of the body and enter the brain, the so called !overning "essel and #entral or #onception "essel. Additionally there are a number of lesser@known collateral s that connect with the primary meridians. The entire system is interconnected such that the flow of energy, referred to by the Ehinese as $i or #hi, 4pronounced chee5 travels from one meridian to the next, circulating throughout the body. !ow the meridians were discovered remains a mystery. ,esides the likelihood of considerable trial and error, it has been proposed that perhaps the specifics of the bioenergy system were delineated as a result of observing the effects of inAuries to soldiers in battle. The locations of the assaults were recorded and correlated with various positive and negative effects. 1n the positive side, if a soldier were inAured at a specific location at the shoulder, for instance, the vicinity of a significant point related to the %ung Meridian, possibly a respiratory condition that he had been struggling with for years would miraculously vanish. Many events of this nature could have led to an understanding of a relationship between the shoulders as well as other bodily locations and the lungs. *imilarly other organs were correlated with various locations on the body. Another perhaps rather dubious theory is that the specifics of the energy system were discovered as a result of the hapha(ard activities of tailors, accidentally inflicting inAuries upon themselves and their patrons. 3ossibly in T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision =

time the precise locations of such inAuries were compared among members of the garment industry and this information eventually migrated into the medical establishment. *till another theory, more or less palatable depending upon one s orientation, is that the people who discovered the bioenergy system possessed higher sensory abilities that made it possible for them to see or palpate the flow within the meridians, and were thus able to precisely delineate the meridian geography. Today while many acupuncturists employ specific therapeutic recipes for needle placement, still other more highly skilled practitioners are reported to detect the stagnant or over active flow of $i via palpation of the relative strength or weakness in twelve specific pulses on the patient s wrists.

(o@ert 7. Be)ker! M"


,ecker has conducted extensive research supportive of the existence of a primitive bodily energy system responsible for regeneration and that also accounts for the effects of acupuncture. With regard to regeneration, he provides convincing evidence that the current of in&ury that is observed at inAury sites is not merely a byproduct of inAury to cells but is rather consistent with a primitive energy@control system that guides regeneration. "n this respect he has found that the direct current at the site of inAury on frogs, which are not highly regenerative, is positively chargedD whereas, the current of in&ury on salamanders, for which regenerative capacities are paramount, is negatively charged. "n ,ecker s words+ The control system that started, regulated, and stopped healing was electrical. "n the case of regeneration, the electrical current was negative in polarityD in the case of simple scarification healing, it was positive in polarity. While these findings could not be extrapolated to other animals, they gave us, for the first time, firm evidence that electricity was a controlling factor in healing processes. They also raised the possibility that the system that organi(ed the total body was electrical in nature and evolutionarily ancient-. ,ecause it put electromagnetic energy back into biology as a controlling factor, this simple experiment is often referred to as the beginning of the new scientific revolution Hemphasis mineI 4,ecker, #rosscurrents, &00', p. F=5. ;ariations of electrical charges, which are consistent with the current s directionality, was earlier observed by 2angman in his research of gynecological conditions, discussed in Ehapter & 4,urr, Blueprint 'or (mmortality, &0K>, 3p. &FK@&.:5. To summari(e, in an extensive sample of women with cervical malignancies, )* percent revealed a negative D# electrical charge as compared to + percent with a positive charge. ,ecker also conducted research that offers support for the specificity of acupoints and for the existence of meridians. !e reports that an Army colonel initially approached him in the early &0C' s, who was investigating the basis of acupuncture and exploring the possibility of an electrical basis. Although he did not get an opportunity to pursue research on acupuncture at that time, he got his chance about a decade later. !e notes that in the early &0K' s research into acupuncture was encouraged by the National "nstitute of !ealth after Nixon s visit to Ehina serendipitously brought acupuncture into research vogue after Western Aournalist, Bames ?eston, was effectively treated in Ehina for postoperative pain with acupuncture after an emergency appendectomy. ,ecker reports that many of the initial investigators hypothesi(ed that acupuncture operated by way of the placebo effect and that it would therefore work approximately a third of the time and that needle placement would prove irrelevant. #Thus, much of our earliest research merely disproved this fallacy, which the Ehinese@@and apparently the R.*. Army@@had done long ago$ 4,he Body -lectric, &0=., p. >F:5. ,ecker offered a more interesting hypothesis into the problem+ The acupuncture meridians, " suggested, were electrical conductors that carried an inAury message to the brain, which responded by sending back the appropriate level of direct current to stimulate healing in the troubled area. " also postulated that the brain s integration of the input included a message to the conscious mind that we interpreted as pain. 1bviously, if you could block the incoming message, you would prevent the pain, and " suggested that acupuncture did exactly that. Any current grows weaker with distance, due to resistance along the transmission cable. The smaller the amperage and voltage, the faster the current dies out. 6lectrical engineers solve this problem by building booster amplifiers every so often along a power line to get the signal back up to strength. 7or currents measured in nanoamperes and microvolts, the amplifiers would have to be no more than a few inches apart Slike the acupuncture points) " envisioned hundreds of little 8E generators like dark stars sending their electricity along the meridians, an interior galaxy that the Ehinese had found and explored by trial and error over two thousand years ago. "f the points really were amplifiers, then a metal needle stuck in one of them, T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision 0

connecting it with nearby tissue fluids, would short it out and stop the pain message. And if the integrity of health really was maintained by a balanced circulation of invisible energy through this constellation, as the Ehinese believed, then various patterns of needle placement might indeed bring the current into harmony-. 4,he Body -lectric, &0=., 3p. >F:@>F.5 ,ecker observed that Western medicine reAected acupuncture since coterminous anatomical structures for the meridians could not be found. To investigate this and related aspects, he proposed that the skin at the acupoints would evidence electrical variations that would be consistent with his hypothesis that the acupoints were conductors and amplifiers+ ?esistance would be less and electrical conductivity correspondingly greater, and a 8E power source should be detectable right at the point. *ome doctors, especially in Ehina, had already measured lower skin resistance over the points and had begun using slow pulses of current, about two per second, instead of needles. "f we could confirm these variations in skin resistance and measure current coming from the points, we d know acupuncture was real in the Western sense, and we could go on confidently in search of the physical structures. 4,ecker, &0=., p. >F.5 After ,ecker received the N"! grant to investigate his hypothesis, he and his associate biophysicist Maria ?eichmanis developed an electrode devise to measure electrical skin resistance. The instrument could be rolled along the meridian lines, providing a reliable continuous reading+ We found that about >. percent of the acupuncture points on the human forearm Hthe large intestine and circulation sex lines on the upper and lower surfaces of the armsI did exist, in that they had specific, reproducible, and significant electrical parameters and could be found in all sub&ects tested Hemphasis mineI. 4#rosscurrents, &00', p.:C5 6ven though most of the acupoints on these meridians were not detectable with the ,ecker@?eichmanis devise, the fact that all subAects tested revealed consistency cannot be ignored. ,ecker suggests that the discrepancy could have been due to any number of factors including the fact that since #acupuncture is such a delicate blend of tradition, experiment, and theory, the other points may be spuriousD or they may simply be weaker, or a different kind, than the ones our instruments revealed$ 4,ecker, &0=., 3. >F.5. 1ur readings also indicated that the meridians were conducting current, and its polarity, matching the input side of the two@way system we d charted in amphibians, showed a flow into the central nervous system. 6ach point was positive compared to its environs, and each one had a field surrounding it, with its own characteristic shape. We even found a fifteen@minute rhythm in the current strength at the points, superimposed on the circadian 4#about a dayP5 rhythm we d found a decade earlier in the overall 8E system. "t was obvious by then that at least the maAor parts of the acupuncture charts had, as the Aargon goes, #an obAective basis in reality. 4,ecker, &0=., 3p. >F.@>FC5 6ven though the acupoints were #hot,$ that did not necessarily mean that there were meridians beneath the surface that connected the points. !owever, on the basis of comparing skin surface resistance in various areas, ,ecker and ?eichmanis came to the following conclusions+ Next, we looked at the meridians that seemed to connect these points. We found that these meridians had the electrical characteristics of transmission lines, while nonmeridian skin did not. We concluded that the acupuncture system was really there, and that it most likely operated electrically. *ince clinical studies had shown that relief from pain was the one result that could be reliably produced by acupuncture treatment, this system was quite likely the input route to the brain that transmitted the signal of inAury. 4,ecker, &00', 3. :C5

BAorn 6ordenstrom! M"


?adiologist ,Aorn Nordenstrom 4&0=F5, in his detailed support for the concept #that tissues polari(e and interconnect via biologically closed electric circuits,$ suggests that such phenomenon may account for the results of acupuncture 4p. F>=5. !is research, which is indicative of the presence of subtle electric currents that follow pathways along T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision &'

interstitial spaces and blood vessels, offers some support of the existence of meridians and $i, which is at least electrical or electromagnetic in makeup. 2ike other radiologists, Nordenstrom had observed the phenomenon of an aura around malignant pulmonary tumors when viewing the x@rays. This was thought to be an artifact of the technology. 2ater he came to the conclusion that it was really an electrical field around the tumor. Additionally it has been found that in some instances, reversing the electrical charge results in shrinking of the tumor.

-pplied 5inesiology9

eorge >.

oodheart! "C

"n the mid &0C' s, 8etroit chiropractor 9eorge B. 9oodheart, Br., 8.E., began the process of carving out an entirely new field, what is referred to as .pplied /inesiology. *pecifically Applied /inesiology is a unique method of evaluating bodily functions by means of manual muscle testing. The procedures involve a comparison of the relative #strength$ in the examined muscles as they relate to the muscles themselves in addition to associated neurologic, lymphatic, vascular, respiratory, energic, mental and other functions. According to Walther 4&0==, 3. >5, #The examination procedures-appear to be such that they can be used in all branches of the healing arts.$

Triad o3 ,ealth
9oodheart followed in the tradition of chiropractic medicine that dates back to its originator, 8. 8. 3almer. "n this respect A/, like chiropractic, aspires to be holistic, attending to the whole person as much as possible. While some fields attend reductionistically to one aspect of the person, such as the structural, A/ attempts to take into account the whole of the health trial+

*tru)ture Chemi)al MentalB -ll of these components are taken into account in A/. *ome fields focus primarily on one aspect of the person in an effort to understand functioning and to affect the other aspects. Five Fa)tors o3 the Interverte@ral Foramen ;I:F< ;spinal )olumn<
"n line with this holistic philosophy, 9oodheart s method attends to the following factors, with associated methods related to each+

6ervous *ystem ;6< 6eurolymphati) (e3leCes ;6L< ;Chapman (e3leCes< 6eurovas)ular (e3leCes ;6:< ;Bennett (e3leCes< Cere@rospinal Fluid ;C*F< -)upun)ture Meridian *ystem ;-MC< 8motional *tress (elease ;8*(<B 6eurovas)ular ;6:< ,olding Points
The 6*? method is based on ,ennett s neurovascular reflexes. The process involves stimulating the N; ?eflexes at the frontal eminences on the forehead above the eyebrows, in line with the pupils. This is done with a light touch of the fingertips of both hands. 6ither the therapist or patient may hold the reflexes. Rsually a light pulse is felt on the forehead. The patient is then directed to focus on stressful material such as a trauma, phobia, an anxiety@provoking situation, etc. The patient continues to attend to the pulse at the reflexes, which often dis@synchroni(es at first. Within a few minutes the distress associated with the material is alleviated. 9iven repeated treatments of this type, increasingly less distress becomes associated with the material.

Behavioral 5inesiologyB >ohn "iamond! M"


,/ is the development of psychiatrist, Bohn 8iamond, author of %ife -nergy and 0ou1re Body Doesn1t %ie. !e employed A/ to assess psychological@emotional problems. Through the process of Therapy 2ocali(ation he determined a connection between meridians and emotions, such that each meridian is associated with specific emotions. Thus, the !eart Meridian is associated with 7orgivenessMAnger and the 2iver Meridian with !appinessMRnhappiness. 8iamond has also explored the effects of various stimuli on && T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision

the functioning of the energy system as a whole, as well as individual meridians. 7or example, he notes that florescent lights and quart( watches, as well as possibly certain kinds of music, can have a negative effect on one s energy.

Thymus ThumpB The thymus thump can be used to positively activate the energy system as a whole.
1ne taps firmly at the upper section of the sternum. 8iamond says that it is best to thump with a Walt( beat.

8Cer)ise 67. #B Mus)le Testing


&. >. F. Make sure that it is 1/ to press on the subAect s hori(ontally extended arm 4at the wrist5 or other isolated muscle 4at an appropriate location5. That is, obtain subAect s permission and be reasonably certain that your pressing will not cause any damage. This is referred to as qualifying the "ndicator Muscle 4"M5. Test in the Elear. This involves pressing on the arm 4or other muscle5 while the subAect #works$ to keep the muscle strong. Ealibration+ 3alm down over the head should be relatively strong, while palm up should be relatively weak. When the subAect announces his correct name, the muscle should be relatively strong, as compared to when he says a wrong name 4 e.g., #My name is 7red.$ ;* #My name is 9eorge5. Also compare when subAect tells any truth or lie, as well as when he thinks about something pleasurable as compared to stressful. "f no distinction is evident during calibration or if muscle is consistently weak, have * breathe deeply several times, thump several times at the upper section of the sternum in vicinity of thymus gland, or drink some water. "f these procedures do not alleviate the problem, subAect may have a condition referred to as neurologic disorgani(ation 4see 2evel > Manual5. Also note that not all people are testable. Test muscle while * thinks of something negative. ?ate *ubAective Rnits of 8istress 4*R85 & @&', where &' represents the highest level of distress and & represents an absence of distress. 8o any effective treatment. ?eevaluate "M and *R8.

:.

.. C. K.

*pe)i3i) Pho@ia Treatments


Case o3 Mary
Mary had a severe water phobia and had been in treatment with Eallahan for approximately eighteen months, reali(ing little progress, a sad but true testimonial to the lack of curative power in the psychological therapies available at the time. After this period of Elient@Eentered Therapy, ?ational 6motive Therapy, *ystematic 8esensiti(ation, hypnosis, and other therapies, she was only able to sit near the shallow end of a swimming pool, dangling her feet in the water. #!owever, she had a splitting headache after each meeting, she couldn t look at the water, and it was difficult each time for her to go to the poolD it took real courage$ 4Eallahan, &00', p. 05. Additionally Mary continued to have difficulty taking a bath, only using a small amount of water each time, and she could not even go out of the house when it was raining. *he also suffered weekly nightmares about water consuming her. *ince Mary had had this severe phobia all her life, and there was no evidence of a trauma that led to its development, it certainly appeared to be a hereditary condition. 9iven such minimal progress, Eallahan decided to evaluate Mary via a variation of the applied kinesiology diagnostic testing methods that he was studying. !e had her think about water while assessing energy #flow$ through the various meridians. !e thereupon discovered that only her stomach energy system was out of balance. 9iven this #diagnosis,P he simply had Mary continue to tune into the thought of water while he gently tapped on the bony orbits under her eyes with his fingertips. Within a minute or so Mary said that the problem was gone, that she no longer got #that sick feeling$ in her stomach while she thought about water. Eallahan thereupon decided to test out the results in vivo by inviting Mary to go outside to the swimming pool, since he was treating her in his home office at the time. !ere is how Eallahan reports the event+ " fully expected her to resist as usual but, to my surprise, " had to hurry to keep up with her on the way to the pool. 7or the first time, she looked at the water, put her head near it and splashed water in her face, from the shallow end. " watched in ama(ement as she Aoyfully shouted, #"t s gone, it s gone)$ &> T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision

Mary s next move frightened me. *he suddenly ran toward the deep end of the pool, and this sudden total absence of fear around the pool was so unusual for her that " shouted, #Mary, be careful)$ " was afraid that she might Aump in the pool and drown. *he laughed when she saw my alarm and reassured me, #8on t worry 8octor Eallahan, " know " can t swim.$ H7ourteenI years experience with the treatment has since taught me that the treatment does not cause sudden stupidity. ?espect for reality, " have learned, is not diminished by successful treatment 4Eallahan, &00', 3p. &'@&&5. That was over eighteen years ago, and Mary remains cured of her previous debilitating fear of water. *uch a seemingly absurd treatment actually cured Mary of a condition that none of the other therapies could even touch. This therapy apparently had nothing to do with cognition, other than the fact that it required Mary to think about water while she was being treated. !owever, there was no attempt made to directly challenge or alter her ways of thinking about water, even though one can be sure, Audging by the enthusiasm of her actions, that her beliefs about water and her herself shifted automatically with the change brought about by tapping. The cognitive therapy that she had previously received attempted to directly effect a change in her beliefs to little or no avail. Also this was not a hypnotic procedure, nor was it an obvious desensiti(ation method. ?ecall that Mary had previously been ineffectively treated with hypnosis and *ystematic 8esensiti(ation, methods that emphasi(e relaxation, desensiti(ation and suggestion. And surely this change could not simply be accounted for as the result of placebo. 3lacebo seems to require at least some degree of positive expectations on the part of the client andMor therapist. 1ne would certainly not be inclined to anticipate such a dramatic change as a result of simply tapping under one s eyes) ,esides, if placebo was to hold the answer, one would definitely have expected the previous eighteen months of various treatments to have delivered on that count, since they are much more complex, attentive, ritualistic and scientific in appearance. "t would also be incorrect to conclude that the treatment simply worked as a result of distraction, since the other techniques used would certainly have produced some level of distraction as well. Tuite to the contrary, there appears to have been something more to this treatment, something that cannot be simply minimi(ed, explained away, or interpreted in terms of the generally accepted paradigms in the field. As far as chemical effects are concerned, most psychopharmocologists and allopathic physicians would agree that while depressions and many anxiety disorders often respond favorably to certain psychotropic medications, phobias are an entirely different matter. According to Eallahan, many experts even go so far as to assert that phobias cannot be successfully eliminated. ,esides, as far as T7T is concerned, there was no ingestion of any chemical compound involved. Tapping under Mary s eyes may have resulted in various chemical change at some level, such as by elevating the level of neurotransmitters or endorphins, although that aspect of the treatment effect has not been substantiated at this time. ?ather, Eallahan believes that the ancient meridian maps are correct and that the tapping facilitated a fundamental balancing of the stomach energy system while Mary s thought field entailed awareness of water. 3erhaps another explanation could hold more water, but at this point the energy system appears to be the most promising receptacle.

"emonstration and :ideo


At this point in the seminar a video is shown of a ;ietnam ;et who was helped to alleviate a fear of heights with T7T. 8emonstrations also follow. 1ver the years participants have been successfully helped with phobias of height, needles, mice, stage fright, elevators, birds, insects, being a passenger in a car, taking a shower, etc. The demonstrations are generally quite rapid and dramatic. 7rom the best we can tell, the vast maAority of those treated have remained free of the specific phobia treated.

T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision

&F

*pe)i3i) Pho@ia -lgorithms


Rnder eye, under arm, under )ollarbone09e! a! )eye roll a! e! ) 09a! e! )er 4spiders, claustrophobia, flight turbulence5

amut TreatmentsB

While tapping Gamut Spot @etween ring 3inger and little 3inger knu)kles! do the 3ollowingB eyes )losed! eyes open! eyes down right! eyes down le3t! whirl eye )lo)kwise! whirl eyes )ounter)lo)kwise! hum a tune! )ount to D! hum again

Floor To Ceiling 8ye (oll ;er<


Tap Gamut Spot while rolling eyes 3rom 3loor to )eiling.

8Cer)ise 67. &B *pe)i3i) Pho@ia9 -nti)ipatory -nCiety


&. >. F. :. .. Tualify "M and Test in the Elear. Attune 3hobiaMAnxiety, test "M and rate *R8. 8o 3hobiaM Anticipatory Anxiety Treatment. 6valuate along the way+ ?AT6MaAors?AT609?AT6MaAors6tc. Treatment is complete when *R8 is & and "M is strong 4Ehallenge results)5.

,eredityB *pecific phobias appear to be inherited for the most part. An associative model does not
appear to adequately account for these conditions.

"6- v FieldB ,owever, the inheritance route appears to be an energy field rather than 8NA.
1therwise, why would the tapping cure itL 1ne would not be inclined to think that the tapping could alter the 8NA so rapidly.

W. M)"ougallB Mc8ougall did some research with white rats that is consistent with *heldrake s
morphic resonance theory+ the hypothesis of formative causation. *ee *heldrake s . 2ew Science of %ife.

(upert *heldrakeB Theoretical biologist who proposed the !ypothesis of 7ormative Eausation, which
essentially proposes that life forms and even crystals have the forms that they have because previous #species$ had the same form. The process by which this replication occurs is #morphic resonance,$ which has energyMfield implications. Morphogenic or Morphic 7ields are discussed in this context.

6eotenyB With respect to phobias, Eallahan refers to neotenous fears as those that one has not outgrown.
They occur early in life, such as fear of heights, and they remain as significant fears.

-tavismB Atavistic phobias on the other hand, are ones that went away or were never there and then
later appear. T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision

&:

Psy)hologi)al (eversal
"is)overyB Eallahan reports that he discovered psychological reversal 43?5 serendipitously. !e was
working with an individual who expressed a desire to lose weight. ,eing unsuccessful in helping her, he one day tested her arm muscle, having her say, #" want to lose weight.$ !er arm tested W6A/. !e then tested her arm while she said, #" want to weigh even more.$ This time her arm tested *T?1N9. This paradoxical response, he reports, led him to the reali(ation of 3?.

Chara)teristi)sB A person who is 3? with respect to a specific problem area cannot overcome it. The
energy is directed to maintain rather than alleviate the problem. "t s a kind of self@sabotage. There is a reversal of thought and action.

,arold *aCon BurrB "id research that demonstrated energy fields associated with all sorts of life
forms. ?eferred to these as 2@7ields. The polarity of the field was also found to be related to health and illness. This is related to 3?. With 3?, the polarity of the energy is thought to be reversed.

(o@ert 7. Be)ker! M"B Condu)ted research that also supported the notion of subtle electrical fields
being associated with regeneration, which has implications for 3? as well.

PlanarianB *ee ,he Body -lectric for studies concerning polarity and regeneration with the planarian. *alamanders! Frogs and BonesB The salamander naturally regenerates and the frog does not.
,ecker was able to reproduce the electrical process that occurs in the *alamander so as to regenerate the legs of frogs. Nonunion fractures can also be assisted in healing via low electrical currents as well as electromagnetic fields.

Psy)hologi)al reversal ;Pr< "iagnosis&


Test IM in )lear! then test while pertur@ed thought 3ield is attuned and )ali@rating the di33eren)e. 6eCt test IM while person makes 3ollowing statements. Pr is present when a EweakF mus)le response is o@tained to the a33irmative and a EstrongF response to the negative.

Massive PrB EI want to be happy. VS I want to be miserable. *pe)i3i) PrB I want to be over this problem. VS I want to continue to have this problem. Mini PrB EI want to be COMPL ! L" over this problem. VS I want to continue to have SOM o# this problem.

P( "iagnosis should not @e )on3used with the TFT "iagnosti) Pro)edure! whi)h is a )omprehensive method that allows 3or pre)ise determination o3 treatment seGuen)es! assessing need 3or related treatment pro)edures! tra)king su@stan)e sensitivities! evaluating treatment e33e)tiveness! and dis)overy to advan)e the 3ield.
>

T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision

&.

Psy)hologi)al (eversal ;Pr< TreatmentsB


(u@ sore spot on le3t side o3 )hest 7( tap on little 3inger side o3 hand while dire)ting person to make the 3ollowing statement spe)i3i) to the type o3 P( present 1 times.

Massive Pr ;use E*ore *potF i.e.! 6eurolymphati) (e3leC<BI $eeply an$ pro#oun$ly accept mysel# with all my problems an$ limitations. *pe)i3i) Pr ;use 6L(< I $eeply %an$ pro#oun$ly& accept mysel# even thou'h I have this problem. Mini Pr ;use E5arate ChopF little 3inger side o3 hand< EI $eeply accept mysel# even thou'h I S!ILL have SOM o# this problem.... (e)urrent Pr ;use 6L(< I $eeply accept mysel# even thou'h this problem (eeps comin' bac(.

8Cer)ise 67. 1B Psy)hologi)al (eversal


&. >. F. :. .. C. K. Tualify "M and Test in the Elear. Attune issue * has been unable to overcome. Test "M 4should be relatively weak5 and ?ate *R8 &@&'. Test for Massive 3r and fix if present, checking "M for correction. Test for *pecific 3r and fix if present, checking "M for correction. Test for Mini 3r and fix if present, checking "M for correction. "f you have time, you may want to attempt a treatment, correcting Mini 3r s along the way when present.

Trauma Treatments
War Trauma
A ;ietnam vet came to see me about an alcohol problem and depression that had plagued him since the war. While he received metals of honor for his valor, he also bore emotional and physical evidence of his presence there. The physical condition included shrapnel scars, the aftermath of Agent 1range exposure, a severe gastrointestinal condition, and a host of other problems. As one would guess, he suffered from 3osttraumatic stress 8isorder or P,SD, the condition that used to be called #ombat 'atigue and *hell Shoc3 during the previous wars. 7or him this entailed frequent reminders of the war, visited upon him as nightmares, flashbacks and otherwise traumatic memories. 6ssentially this hero s life was in shambles. !e was unable to keep a Aob, his relationships were suffering, and he remained on many medications, psychiatric and otherwise, in order to get by. 8uring our second session, he related an incident in which he had to kill an enemy soldier. As he described the event, he became pale, began to shake, and looked like he was about to vomit. While he seemed to be reliving the trauma in his mind, he gasped that he could never be forgiven for what he did, not by 9od, not by himself. !e was in the throes of great distress. ?ather than attempting to assure him that he was not to blame, that he did the best that he could at the time, that his actions were required by the fact that he was fighting a war for the sake of his country, that it was either him or the other guy, and other such rational comments which he must have heard a thousand times over, " offered him a different course, something rather odd to say the least. " simply asked him to think about the incident while tapping &C T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision

specific points on his body+ an eyebrow, under a collarbone, the tip of a little finger, etc. Within minutes he was ama(ed to find that the distress had greatly diminished. 1n a &'@point scale the upset had decreased from a &' to a . after the first few seconds of treatment. With repeated tapping, the distress was eliminated altogether, within the span of approximately three to five minutes) ,y the close of that session he was unable to feel distressed about that awful memory, that horrible scene. Not only was the emotional distress relieved, but he also instantaneously changed his beliefs about the event as well as himself. !is comments revealed that he did not consider this to be an unforgivable sin. When " saw him again two weeks later, he was feeling rather peaceful, actually quite Aoyful, still unable to feel bother about the event. Approximately seven months later the level of relief remained, without having to repeat the treatment for this trauma. !e had obviously benefited from that brief, ludicrous@appearing treatment.

(ape Trauma
An eighteen@year@old boyfriend raped ,arbara when she was thirteen. The trauma she suffered haunted her well into her early thirties. *he had an extensive drug and alcohol problem and evidenced a notably anxious and depressive life style in most respects. 1ver the years she had received treatment at a number of inpatient and outpatient psychiatric facilities. When " saw her she was also taking a regime of psychiatric medications including lithium, 3ro(ac, and 8esyrel. 6ven so, she was not really doing well at all. After gathering some general history, " inquired further into the event of the rape. As she discussed the incident, it was evident that she was traumati(ed. *he cried deeply and in many respects seemed to be reliving the event in memory. *he said that she was to blame, that she should have known better, that she had never listened to her mother. "t was as though she were that thirteen@year@old girl once again. While " doubted that all of her psychological problems could be traced back to the rape, there was no question that this was a significantly painful memory that had set her on the path to great misery. This trauma certainly required intensive therapeutic attention. !ating to see her suffer, " initially assisted her in altering the distress by having her shift focus. " asked her to describe various obAects in the office such as the end table lamp, knickknacks on the book shelves, the texture of the material on the chair, sounds coming from outside the office, etc. "n this way we distracted her attention away from the distressing internal memory and outward to the relatively neutral external environment. " then offered her the possible benefits of the same technique that " used with the ;ietnam veteran. This trauma treatment took less than ten minutes and it completely resolved ,arbara s painful memory. All " had her do was attend to the memory while she tapped specific points on her body+ on an eyebrow, under a collarbone, etc. Not only did ,arbara no longer feel painful emotions while reviewing the memory, but her belief about the situation and herself dramatically changed as well, in the same way that our soldier experienced a cognitive shift. ?ight after the treatment was completed in that incredibly brief time, she was able to tell me with obvious conviction that it was #Aust something that happened$ in her past and that she was #not to blame.$ To say the least, " was utterly ama(ed. While it hurt me to do this, in an effort to test the depth of the change " even insinuated at one point that she might have been to blame. #8on t you think you were to blameL)$ " exclaimed with an accusing tone. !er response was an unshaken and calm, #No, " was Aust a kid. " don t think " was to blame. !e shouldn t have done what he did.$ The meaning of the event was transformed completely and profoundly without directly attempting to persuade her to think differently. We had follow@up contacts for well over two years and the memory remained resolved. *he was able to recall the event in detailD however, it no longer caused her pain.

T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision

&K

Love Trauma9 Pho@ia


Approximately seventeen years prior to our initial session, ,ill s first wife left him. *he had been unfaithful throughout the course of their marriage, and at one point she became pregnant to another man. 6ven at this, ,ill continued to feel love for his wife and agreed to raise the child as his own. When his wife left, ,ill also lost considerable access to his children. !e was devastated. !e told me that he suffered a #nervous breakdown$ at the time, and had to be briefly hospitali(ed. *ix months after the divorce, ,ill met Earol, and several months later they were married. While ,ill loved Earol, he was initially somewhat distant. "n time he became even more isolated, apparently fearful of being reAected as he was by his first wife. ,ill was suffering from a fear of love, what may be referred to as %ove Phobia. 1ver the years Earol came to feel increasingly dissatisfied with the situation and finally she insisted on marital therapy. *he cared about ,ill and did not wish to divorce him, but she was tired of this brother@and@sister relationship. Thus they arrived at my office. After a few sessions " came to reali(e how severely traumati(ed ,ill was by the events of his first marriage. " therefore asked him to attend an individual session so we could focus on the painful memories in some detail. 8uring that session we treated three significantly painful memories from those years, each of them being resolved rapidly, within moments. 6ssentially " employed the same methods used for ,arbara and the soldier, with some variations appropriate to ,ill s specific circumstances. After treating these memories ,ill was visibly changed, much calmer and relaxed. !e seemed to have a glow about him, and he even stated that he felt #lighter$ and #peaceful.$ When " met with ,ill and Earol the following week, he reported that the feeling of lightness and peace persisted throughout the week. And Earol noted that ,ill was becoming emotionally more available. They were on their way to a better relationship.

Trauma -lgorithmsB e@! ) $ *G1 er e@! e! a! ) $ *G er e@! e! a! )! l3! ) $ *G er e@! e! a! )! l3! )! i3! ) $ *G er

8Cer)ise 67. .B Trauma Treatment #. Tualify "ndicator Muscle 4"M5 and test in clear. &. Test for Massive 3r and correct if present. 1. Attune *pecific Trauma, Test "M and rate *R8 &@&'. .. Test for *pecific 3r and correct if present. D. 3rovide Trauma Algorithm MaAors and 6valuate. +. 8o 09 and 6valuate. /. ?epeat MaAors and 6valuate, being alert for Mini 3?. %. "f down to > or F, do 6ye ?oll 4er5 and evaluate. $. ?epeat if necessary. #'. Tx is complete when *R8 is #&$ and "M is strong 4challenge results)5. Love Pain! (eAe)tion! and rie3B These algorithms can be used with these conditions as well.

*q J *equence of treatment points that preceded the 0 9amut Treatment 4095 T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision

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Treatment Proto)ols lo@alB When treating trauma, some patients can simply think about the event in a global manner and the treatment will alleviate all aspects of it. *eGuentialB 1thers need the various aspects of the trauma to be treated in the sequence in which they
occurred at the time of the event. 1ften treating the earliest aspect of the trauma or the earliest trauma in a related series of traumas, will alleviate all of the proceeding aspects or traumas.

Client InterestB "t s my opinion that it s best to let the client decide what sMhe wants to work on+ what
aspect of the trauma, which trauma, etc. Where the client s interest goes, hisMher #power$ is most available.

Past to PresentB As a basic protocol consideration, if there is a circumstance that is perpetuated in the
client s life 4e.g., driving phobia5, treat the past origins first and then the present condition. Also treating the earliest trauma in a series of related traumas often effectively resolves the later ones.

*ome TFT Con)epts


Pertur@ations ;PHs<B That aspect within the thought field that is the fundamental cause of the
psychological problem. 3 s generate negative emotions. They are a kind of information, what ,ohm referred to as #Active "nformation.$

-)tive In3ormationB This is the notion that a subtle level of energy can produce a more pervasive
effect. The more pervasive effect has the characteristics of the subtler form.

Thought Fields ;t3Hs<B Thought is not merely cognitive or even chemical. "t occurs in an energy form.
This is why Eallahan refers it to as a tf.

,olonsB A holon is an aspect of a greater whole. "t s a whole that s an aspect of a larger whole. When
treating a thought field, it may be arranged in layers or aspects, each having a somewhat different structure. These are holons.

Tooth! *hoe! Lump ;T*L<B Eallahan tells a story about a person who has a toothache and calls the
dentist to come in for an appointment. The dentist s schedule is rather cramped but he tells the man to come in quickly and he ll see what he can do. ?ushing to get to the dentist s office the man makes the mistake of putting on shoes that are too tight for him, although due to the pain from the tooth he does not notice the pain. When he arrives at the dentist s office he sits on a couch that has a large lump in it but does not notice this either because of the pain. 7inally the dentist brings him in quickly to give him a shot of Novocain and he returns out to the waiting room for the next opening in the dentist s schedule. As the Novocain starts to work he notices that his feet hurt and comes to reali(e that he has the wrong shoes on. !e removes the shoes and after his feet start to feel better he becomes very aware of the lump in the couch that he is sitting on. This illustrates different levels of signal strength or even holons that become apparent as each holon is treated along the way. A psychological problem can have many facets in this way. Thus, once a patient is treated for a trauma, for example, as soon as the anxiety related to that event is relieved the person may become aware of anger. After the anger is relieved the person may become aware of sadness and so on. Therapy involves treating one holon after another until there are no holons 4i.e. perturbations in the thought field5 present.

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*eGuen)esB 8uring the T7T diagnostic procedure, the various meridian points emerge in a sequence and
they are treated in that order as well. Eallahan maintains that treatment in the sequence is essential. *ome others in the field, including the present writer, do not maintain this view.

*u@sumption and Collapsing PHsB These terms refer to the removal of the perturbations from the
thought field. Eallahan used to believe that the perturbations were eliminated altogether but came to view this as incorrect. !is position is that the perturbations are removed from the thought field and subsumed into the greater thought field. Another way to discuss the treatment is to say that the perturbations are collapsed.

Inertial LadennessB This is a term from 8avid ,ohm, the quantum physicist. This helps to explain the
distinction between energy and matter. Matter is slowed down inertia or highly inertia laden. 6nergy, on the other hand, is of a low inertia quality. 3sychological problems are also of low inertia quality and this is why they can be easily treated via Thought 7ield Therapy and other energy approaches.

Impli)ate = 8Cpli)ate 7rderB These are additional terms from 8avid ,ohm. "t is his position that
the universe is enfolded into itself such that every aspect of the universe contains within it the whole of the entire universe in a sense. This is analogous to 8NA. The implicate order with regard to psychological problems is the perturbations in the thought field. The explicate order is the specific disorder such as a phobia, trauma, depression, etc.

-peC Pro@lemB This is a phenomenon that manifests after a person has been successfully treated with
T7T. The treatment occurs so rapidly that frequently the patient claims that heMshe has been #distracted.$ The patient is able to observe that they are no longer distressed but they find it exceptionally difficult to attribute the change to the tapping treatment. 1ther signs of the apex problem are when the patient says, #"t doesn t bother me N1W.$ 1ften the patient will claim that heMshe is able to make themselves distressed about the event again if they only were to tryD however, generally when requested to do so they are unable to succeed. The apex problem is evident with any therapy that proceeds very rapidly. Eallahan has discussed this in terms of 9a((aniga s left brain interpreter, which is common with patients who have had the corpus colossum severed. Additionally Eallahan has talked about the apex problem as #hardening of the categories.$ "n this respect the patient has other beliefs about how things work and is unable to perceive the reality of what has occurred therapeutically, except as to interpret it with regard to concepts such as distraction, and sometimes even claiming that the situationMproblem never bothered them in the first place. This is why it is perhaps useful to have some patients write down the level of distress before the treatment begins. The apex problem can also be discussed as related to phenomena such as hypnotic amnesia and state dependent learning.

Client Preparation
8Cperimental -pproa)hB At this point it is ethical to let the client know that this is an experimental
approach that has limited experimental documentation, although a large number of therapists are finding it highly effective in treating these conditions.

8Cplanation o3 MethodB "nformed consent requires the foregoing as well as an explanation of T7T to
the client. 8on t overdue it on the explanation though, since that can be quite boring to some clients. !owever, the client ought to know #where we re going$ with this.

Provide MaterialsB Arti)les! TFT 6ews Letter! E,ope with (easonF :ideo! et).B 3roviding an article, video, audiotape about the method can help the client understand. *ee back of this
T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision >'

manual for an article. Also see the 2evel > manual for other examples. ;ideos can be purchased from Eallahan. *ee his Web *ite. " will also have products available in the near future.

Com@ine with other Treatment -pproa)hesB At the early stages of doing this work, it is only
appropriate to combine within a general therapy framework. 8on t throw out what you already know to be effective. Maintenance of rapport with the client is also highly important, " believe, and this requires pacing the client s expectations about therapy as well. To simply launch into this approach will be a turn off to some clients. "t s best to take time introducing the method after you ve done a history, mental status, etc.

"e@rie3ingB The client needs to be appropriately debriefed after the treatment has been provided. *ee
below for some areas of consideration.

May or may not have it all, possibility of recalling related memories Elient can repeat algorithm on own+ write out for home use ,e available to client ?ecommend that client not think about painful memories, not be exposed to undesirable triggers. Many need time to heal. 3repare for Apex 3roblem Note ifMwhen problem returns+ toxins 4discussed in detail in the seminars5, stressors, #8id we get Oit allL$ etc.

-ddi)tive Irge Treatments


-nCiety0-ddi)tion Conne)tionB Eallahan maintains that essentially addiction is addiction to a
tranquili(er, something that settles down anxiety. At the core, addiction is an anxiety disorder.

Withdrawal as Pani)B "t is Eallahan s position that withdrawal is really a panic attack of sorts, an
exceptionally high level of anxiety. !e reports that he has been able to alleviate withdrawal from heroin and other drugs by using T7T.

-ddi)tion v -ddi)tive IrgesB There is a distinction between addition and addictive urges.
Addictive urges are easily alleviatedD whereas, addiction is a much more complex phenomenon. The patient who has an addiction may turn to the addictive drug as a means of settling anxiety, to settle depression, as an aspect of hisMher belief in their essential worthlessness, etc. 9enerally the person is not reversed for getting over the addictive urge, and this is why they really turn to the drug. The drug, to a large extent, alleviates the addictive urge although it also has a number of other byproducts. ?eversal for getting over the addiction is usually quite prominent however.

-ddi)tive Irge and -" -lgorithms e! a! ) $ *J er e! a! )! l3! ) $ *J er e! )! e $ *J er e! )! a! )! e $ *J er e! a! )! a! e! ) $ *J er


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Massive 3r and ?ecurrent 3r are common among addictions. These should be corrected regularly. 3atients should treat themselves many times each day for 3r, especially when they observe signs of reversal. 6.g. #" deeply accept myself even though " have this addiction.$

8Cer)ise 67. DB -ddi)tion!

-" and Therapeuti) Method

#. 6stablish rapport with client. &. *pecify addictive urge. 1. 6xplain T7T procedure in manner appropriate to client. .. 8emonstrate body energy system by muscle testing calibrations. D. Test for Massive 3r and correct. +. Attune addictive urge or generali(ed anxiety. /. Test for *pecific 3r and correct. %. 3rovide Addictive Rrge treatments, regularly rating and fixing 3r s as needed. $. Ehallenge results. #'. ,y visuali(ation or in vivo, treat within various contexts. ##. 8ebrief and provide client with procedure for self@use.

7ther 8motional Issues -nger l3! ) $ *G er


;at Kl3H point say 1 times! EI 3orgive )! I know I! s9he )anHt help it.F 7( EThere is 3orgiveness in my heart.F<

uilt i3! ) $ *G er
;at Ki3H point say 1 times! EI 3orgive mysel3 @e)ause I )anHt help it.F<

(age se! ) $ *G er
;at KseH point say 1 times! EI 3orgive C! I know s9he or I )anHt help it.F 7( EI rea)h out with 3orgiveness and love.F<

(apid *tress (edu)tion er $ er

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>ealousy ;8Cperimental allo< m3! ) $ *G er m3! a! ) $ *G er Frustration! (estlessness! Impatien)e ;8Cperimental e@! a $ *G er e@! e! a! )! l3! ) $ *G er allo<

8Cer)ise 67. +B 8Ctended Pra)ti)e


3ractice entire procedure of establishing rapport, introducing client to T7T after discerning what the desired outcome is, calibrating "M, testing in clear and while attuning problem, obtaining *R8 rating, testing for Massive and *pecific 3r s, providing relevant algorithms, testing and correcting Mini 3r as needed, evaluating results via *R8 and Muscle Testing, challenging results, and debriefing client. ?emember to address apex problem.

(esear)h
Clini)al v *tatisti)al *igni3i)an)eB *tatistical significance does not equal clinical significance.
9iven a large enough N, an irrelevant result can be magnified to statistical significance.

F*I *tudiesB Elinical demonstration 3roAect by 7igley and Earbonell that observed the effectiveness of
T7T, as well as some other power therapies in the treatment of trauma and phobias.

(adio *tudies ;Callahan and Leono33<B Two studies that demonstrated the power of T7T to
reduce the *R8 of anxiety@related conditions.

Car@onell *tudyB An experimental, double blind, randomi(ed, placebo@control study that demonstrated
the effectiveness of T7T in treating Acrophobia.

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Meridians = TFT Treatment Points


BladderB eye@row pointL @eginning o3 eye@row at @ridge o3 nose ;BL0&<! Me@N 5idneyB Aun)ture o3 the 3irst ri@! )lavi)le! and sternumL )ollar@one point ;50&/<! M)N ,eartB radial nail point o3 3i3th 3ingerL tip o3 little 3inger ;,T0$<! Ml3N Triple 8nergi?er ;T8< or Tri0,eater ;T,<B dorsal sur3a)e o3 hand proCimal to and on ulnar side o3 3ourth meta)arpal headL gamut spot ;T801 or T,01<! M N *mall IntestineB ulnar edge o3 hand at )rease 3rom palm when 3ist is madeL side o3 hand ;*I01<! MhN *toma)hB on the intraor@ital ridge dire)tly @elow the )enter o3 the pupil! with the eyes looking straight ahead ;*T0#<! MeN or MueN *pleen9Pan)reas B on lateral thoraC at level o3 siCth inter)ostal spa)e on the mid0 aCillary lineL 3our in)hes under armpit ;*P0&#<! MaN Large IntestineB radial nail point o3 indeC 3inger ;LI0#<! Mi3N all BladderB hal30in)h lateral to the lateral eye )anthus ; B0#<! MseN Peri)ardium ;PC< or Cir)ulation *eC ;C2<B radial nail point o3 the middle 3inger ;PC0$ or C20$<! Mm3N

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TFT Level # Treatment -lgorithms


*pe)i3i) Pho@ias e! a! ) $ e! a! ) er a! e! ) $ a! e! ) er 4spiders, claustrophobia, flight turbulence5 Trauma! PT*"! Love Pain e@! ) $ *G er 4simple5 e@! e! a! ) $ *G er 4Eomplex5 e@! e! a! )! l3! ) $ *G er 4Eomplex wM Anger5 e@! e! a! )! l3! )! i3! ) $ *G er 4Eomplex wMAnger U 9uilt5 -ddi)tive Irges = enerali?ed -nCiety "isorder e! a! ) $ *G er e! a! )! l3! ) $ *G er ; allo< e! )! e $ *G er e! )! a! )! e $ *G er ; allo< e! a! )! a! e! ) $ *G er ; allo< -nger l3! ) $ *G er EI 3orgive )! I know I! s9he )anHt help it.F uilt i3! ) $ *G er EI 3orgive mysel3 @e)ause I )anHt help it.F (age se! ) $ *G er >ealousy ; allo< m3! ) $ *G er m3! a! ) $ *G er *tress (edu)tion er $ er Frustration! Impatien)e! (estlessness ; allo< e@! ) $ *G er e@! e! a! )! l3! ) $ *G er

T7T 26;62 " < &00= 7. 3. 9allo, 3h.8. >''& ?evision

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Treatment Points Ised in TFT


6yebrow 46,5 Bladder-4 *ide of 6ye 4*65 !all Bladder-5 Rnder Nose 4RN5 !overning-4* Rnder ,ottom 2ip 4R25 #entral-4+ Rnder Arm 4RA5 Spleen-45 ?ib 4?5 %iver-5+ Rnder Eollarbone 4E,5 /idney-46

Rnder 6ye 4R65 Stomach-5

Thumb 4T5 %ung-55 "ndex 7inger 4"75 %arge (ntestine-5 Middle 7inger 4M75 #irculation-Sex-)

2ittle 7inger 4275 eart-)

3sychological ?eversal *pot Small (ntestine-7

9amut *pot 495 ,ri- eater-7

7igure &'+ T7T Meridian Treatment 3oints 47rom 7. 9allo, -nergy Psychology, Eopyright V &00=, E?E 3ress5

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(e)ommended (eadings
,ecker, ?. 1. &00'. #ross #urrents8 ,he Promise of -lectro-Medicine. 2os Angeles, EA+ B.3. Tarcher. ,ecker, ?. 1., and *elden, 9. &0=.. ,he Body -lectric8 -lectromagnetism and the 'oundation of %ife. New Gork+ William Morrow U Eo. ,ohm, 8. &00: 4*pring5. #*oma@*ignificance.$ Psychoscience, ;ol. & 4&5. ,ohm, 8. &0='. 9holeness and the (mplicate :rder. 2ondon+ ?outledge and /egan 3aul. ,urr, !. *. &0K>. Blueprint for (mmortality8 ,he -lectric Patterns of %ife. 6ssex, 6ngland+ E.W. 8aniel Eompany, 2td. Eallahan, ?. B. &0==. #3sychological reversal.$ Selected Papers of the (nternational #ollege of .pplied /inesiology. Eallahan, ?. B. 5);<. 'ive Minute Phobia #ure. Wilmington, 8el.+ 6nterprise. Eallahan, ?. B. &0=K 4Winter5. #*uccessful psychotherapy by radio and telephone.$ (nternational #ollege of .pplied /inesiology. Eallahan, ?. B. &00'. ,he =apid ,reatment :f Panic> .goraphobia> and .nxiety . "ndian Wells, EA. Eallahan, ?. B. &00&. 9hy Do ( -at 9hen (1m 2ot ungry? 8oubleday, NG. Eallahan, ?. B. &00.. #A thought field therapy algorithm for trauma+ a reproducible experiment in psychology.$ 3aper presented at the annual meeting of the American 3sychological Association, New Gork. 7urman, M. 6., U 9allo, 7. 3. >'''. ,he 2europhysics of uman Behavior. ,oca ?aton, 72+ E?E 3ress. 9allo, 7. &00:. ,hought 'ield ,herapy %evel 4 @and .ssociated MethodsA8 ,raining Manual. !ermitage, 3A+ Author. 9allo, 7. &00C. ?eflections on active ingredients in efficient treatments of 3T*8, 3art &. -lectronic Bournal of ,raumatology, >4&5. Available at W http+MMwww.fsu.eduMXtraumaMY. 9allo, 7. &00C. ?eflections on active ingredients in efficient treatments of 3T*8, 3art >. -lectronic Bournal of ,raumatology, >4>5. Available at Whttp+MMwww.fsu.eduMXtraumaMY. 9allo, 7. &00C. Therapy by energy. .nchor Point> Bune, :C@.&.
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9allo, 7. &00K. A no@talk cure for trauma+ thought field therapy violates all the rules. ,he 'amily ,herapy 2etwor3er> >& 4>5, C.@K.. 9allo, 7. &00K. -nergy Diagnostic and ,reatment Methods @-Dx,MA+ Basic ,raining Manual. !ermitage, 3A+ Author. 9allo, 7. &00=, >''. 4second edition5. -nergy Psychology8 -xplorations at the (nterface of -nergy> #ognition> Behavior and ealth. ,oca ?aton+ E?E 3ress. 9allo, 7. &000. A no talk cure for trauma. "n ?. *imon, 2. Markowit(, E. ,arrilleaux, and ,. Topping 46ds.5, ,he .rt of Psychotherapy8 #ase Studies from the 'amily ,herapy 2etwor3er, pp. >::@>... New Gork+ Bohn Wiley U *ons. 9allo, 7. >'''. -nergy Diagnostic and ,reatment Methods. New Gork+ W. W. Norton U Eompany. 9allo, 7., and ;incen(i, !. >'''. -nergy ,apping8 ow to =apidly -liminate .nxiety> Depression> #ravings> and More Csing -nergy Psychology. ,erkley, EA+ New !arbinger 3ublications. 9allo, 7. 3. 46d.5 >''>. -nergy Psychology in Psychotherapy8 . #omprehensive Source Boo3. New Gork+ W. W. Norton U Eompany. 9allo, 7. >''K. -nergy ,apping for ,rauma. ,erkley, EA+ New !arbinger. /oestler, A. &0CK. ,he !host in the Machine. 2ondon+ !utchinson U Eo. ?app, 8. B. &00&. (s ,his 0our #hild? Discovering and treating Cnrecognized .llergies in #hildren and .dults. New Gork+ William Morrow U Eompany. *hapiro, 7. &00.. -ye Movement Desensitization and =eprocessing8 Basic Principles> Protocols> and Procedures. New Gork+ 9uilford. *heldrake, ?. &0=&. . 2ew Science :f %ife8 the hypothesis of formative causation. 2os Angeles, EA+ B. 3. Tarcher. Walther, 8. &0==. .pplied /inesiology8 Synopsis. 3ueblo, E1+ *ystems 8E.

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