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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL

KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA


BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN
ANSWER TUTORIAL 1
Belt Drive
1.

Given: N1 = 300rpm
N2 = 500rpm
d1 = 0.6m
G = 3%
t = 0.006m
Find : d2
Solution:
N 2 d1 + t
(1 G ); where G = G1 + G2 = 3%
=
N 1 d 2 + t
500 0.6 + 0.006
(1 0.03)
=
300 d 2 + 0.006
d 2 = 0.346m

2.

Given: N1 = 950rpm
N2 = 300rpm
d1 = 0.15m
G1 = G2 = 4%
t = 0.005m
Find : d2
Solution:
N 2 d1 + t
(1 [G1 + G2 ])
=
N 1 d 2 + t
300 0.15 + 0.005
(1 [0.04 + 0.04])
=
950 d 2 + 0.005
d 2 = 0.447 m

3.

Given: N1 = 120rpm
N2 = 300rpm
d1 = 0.6m
X = 2.4m
= 0.3
P = 3kW
Find : T1 ; T2

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL


KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN
ANSWER TUTORIAL 1
Belt Drive
Solution:

N 2 r1
=
N 1 r2
N
120
r2 = r1 1 = 0.3
= 0.12m
300
N2

r1 r2
0.3 0.12
=
= 0.075rad
2.4
X

= 2 = 2(0.075) = 2.992rad
T1
= e = e (0.3 )(2.992 ) = 2.454
T2
T1 = 2.454T2

(1)

2N 1
P = (T1 T2 )v 2 = (T1 T2 )v1 = (T1 T2 )(r11 ) = (T1 T2 )(r1 )

60
2 120
3000 = (T1 T2 )(0.3)
(2)
60
Insert (1) in (2) :
2 120
3000 = (2.454T2 T2 )(0.3)

60
T2 = 547.30 N
From (1) T1 = 1343.07 N

4.

Given: N1 = 1500rpm
d1 = 0.2m
d2 = 0.8m
X = 1m
T1 = 800N
A = 4 x 10-6m2
E = 300MPa
= 0.4
m = 0.4kgm-1
Find

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:P

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL


KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN
ANSWER TUTORIAL 1
Belt Drive
Solution:
(a)

Inelastic condition, weight of the belt is neglected.


r1 r2
0.1 0.4
=
= 0.3rad
X
1

= 2 = 2(0.3) = 2.54rad
T1
= e
T2
T2 =

T1
800
= (0.4 )(2.54 ) = 289.63N

e
e

2N 1
P = (T1 T2 )v 2 = (T1 T2 )v1 = (T1 T2 )(r11 ) = (T1 T2 )(r1 )

60
2 1500
P = (800 289.63)(0.1)
= 8016.87W
60

(b)

Inelastic condition, weight of the belt is considered.

Tension in the belt due to centrifugal force, Tc = mv 2 = mv1 = m(r11 )


2

2N 1
= m (r1 )

60

2 1500
= 0.4 (0.1)
= 98.7 N
60

T1 Tc
= e
T2 Tc
T2 =

T1 Tc
800 - 98.7
+ Tc = (0.4 )(2.54 ) + 98.7 = 352.6 N

e
e

2N 1
P = (T1 T2 )v 2 = (T1 T2 )v1 = (T1 T2 )(r11 ) = (T1 T2 )(r1 )

60
2 1500
P = (800 352.6)(0.1)
= 7027.74W
60

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL


KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN
ANSWER TUTORIAL 1
Belt Drive
(c)

Elastic condition, effect of centrifugal force is considered.

Tension in the belt due to centrifugal force, Tc = mv1 = m(r11 )


2

2N 1
= m (r1 )

60

2 1500
= 0.4 (0.1)
= 98.7 N
60

T1 Tc
= e
T2 Tc
T2 =

T1 Tc
800 - 98.7
+ Tc = (0.4 )(2.54 ) + 98.7 = 352.6 N

e
e

Due to elastic condition, v1 v2 and effect of belt creep is occurred. So:

(T T2 )
v2
= 1 1
v1
A E

2N 1 (T1 T2 )
(T T2 )
= r1
v 2 = v1 1 1
1

60
A E
A E

(800 352.6) = 9.85m/s


2 1500

= 0.1
1

60
4 10 6 300 10 6

)(

P = (T1 T2 )v 2 = (800 352.6 )(9.85) = 4406.89W

5.

Given: N1 = 1750rpm
d1 = 0.2m
d2 = 0.8m
X = 1m
T1 = 800N
m = 0.5kg/m
A = 400mm2
E = 500MN/mm2
= 0.3
Find : (a) T1-T2 ; (b) v2 and P
Solution:
(a)

Fadzli0607

r1 r2
0.1 0.4
=
= 0.3rad
X
1
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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL


KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN
ANSWER TUTORIAL 1
Belt Drive

= 2 = 2(0.3) = 2.54rad
Tension in the belt due to centrifugal force, Tc = mv1 = m(r11 )
2

2N 1
= m (r1 )

60

2 1750
= 0.5(0.1)
= 167.92 N
60

T1 Tc
= e
T2 Tc
T2 =

T1 Tc
800 - 167.92
+ Tc =
+ 167.92 = 462.93N

e
e (0.3 )(2.54 )

T1 T2 = (800 462.93) = 337.07 N


(b)

(T T2 )
v2
= 1 1
v1
A E

2N 1 (T1 T2 )
(T T2 )
= r1
v 2 = v1 1 1
1

A E
A E
60

(800 462.93) = 18.33m/s


2 1750

= 0.1
1

60
400 10 6 500 1012

)(

P = (T1 T2 )v 2 = (800 463.82 )(18.33) = 6162.18W

6.

Given: Npulley = 1500rpm


d1 = d2 = 300mm
= 7MN/m2
= 1.2Mg/m3
A = 750mm2
Groove angle = 30o
= 0.12
Two V-Belt
Find : P ; Nshaft

Fadzli0607

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL


KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN
ANSWER TUTORIAL 1
Belt Drive
Solution:
2N pulley
v = r = r
60

2 1500
1
= (0.15)
= 23.56ms
60

m = A = (1.2 10 3 )(750 10 6 ) = 0.9kgm 1


Tc = mv 2 = 0.9 23.56 2 = 499.57 N
T1 = A = (7 10 6 )(750 10 6 ) = 5250 N

1
P = (T1 Tc )1

sin
e

groove angle 30
=
= 15 o ; = (two pulleys have same diameter)
v ; where =
2
2

1
= (5250 499.57 )1 0.12

e sin 15

(23.56 ) = 85839.22 W

The power for two V - belt in parallel, P ' = 2 P = 2 85839.22 = 171678.44 W

As we know, for the maximum power, effect of centrifugal tension is:


1
1
Tc = T1 = (5250 ) = 1750 N
3
3
But Tc = mv 2 , so:
2
mv shaft
= 1750

v shaft =

N shaft =

Fadzli0607

1750
1750
=
= 44.0959ms 1
m
0.9

v shaft 60
2r

44.0959 60
= 2807.23rpm
2 0.15

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL


KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN
ANSWER TUTORIAL 1
Belt Drive

7.

Given: = 120o
max = 140N/cm2
= 0.97g/cm3
width = 10cm; thickness = 6mm
= 0.3
Find : v ; Pmax
Solution:

A = 0.6 10 = 6cm 2

= 120

= 2.0944rad
180
m = A = 0.97 6 = 5.82g/cm = 0.582kg/m
T1 = max A = 140 6 = 840 N

As we know, for the maximum power:


1
1
TC = T1 = (840) = 280 N
3
3
2
TC = mv = 280 N
v =

280
280
=
= 21.93ms 1
5.82
m

T1 Tc
= e
T2 Tc
T2 =

T1 Tc
840 - 280
+ Tc = (0.3)(2.0944 ) + 280 = 578.75 N

e
e

Pmax = (T1 T2 )v = (840 578.75)(21.93) = 5729.21W

8.

Given: A = 1000mm2
= 1g/cm3
X =5m
T1 = 2000N
= 0.3
d1 = 125cm; N1 = 250rpm
d2 = 50cm; N2 = 600rpm
Find : driver; driven; P; Plost;

Fadzli0607

7/9

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL


KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN
ANSWER TUTORIAL 1
Belt Drive
Solution:

r1 r2
0.625 0.25
=
= 0.075rad
X
5

= 2 = 2(0.075) = 2.9916rad
2 N 1
2 250
1
v1 = r11 = r1
= 0.625
= 16.3625ms
60
60
2 N 2
2 600
1
v 2 = r2 2 = r2
= 0.25
= 15.708ms
60
60

m = A = 1000 0.001 = 1kg/m


TC = mv1 = 1(16.3625) = 267.73N
2

T1 Tc
= e
T2 Tc
T2 =

T1 Tc
2000 - 267.73
+ Tc =
+ 267.73 = 973.8 N

e
e (0.3 )(2.9916 )

DRIVER = (T1 T2 )r1 = (2000 973.8)(0.625) = 641.38N


DRIVEN = (T1 T2 )r2 = (2000 973.8)(0.25) = 256.55N

PDRIVER = (T1 T2 )v1 = (2000 973.8)(16.3625) = 16791.2W


PDRIVEN = (T1 T2 )v 2 = (2000 973.8)(15.708) = 16119.5W
PLOST = PDRIVER PDRIVEN = 16791.2 16119.5 = 671.7 W

=
9.

POUTPUT PDRIVEN 16119.5


=
=
100 = 96%
PINPUT
PDRIVER 16791.2

Given: = 160o
A = 6.5cm2
= 0.97g/cm3
max = 840N/cm2
Groove angle = 30o
= 0.1
m = 1.45kg/m
Find : P at 25m/s

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL


KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN
ANSWER TUTORIAL 1
Belt Drive

Solution:

= 160

= 2.7925rad
180
T1 = A = 840 6.5 = 5460 N

Groove angle 30
=
= 15 o
2
2

TC = mv 2 = 1.45(25) = 906.25 N
2

T1 Tc
= e sin
T2 Tc
T2 =

T1 Tc
e

sin

+ Tc =

5460 - 906.25
(0.1)( 2.7925 )

sin 15

+ 906.25 = 2454.3N

P = (T1 T2 )v = (5460 2454.3)(25) = 75142.5W

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