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From: IN%"kaamran@sun14.vlsi.uwaterloo.CA" 24-NOV-1 ! 11:!":##.#2 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ % % % %% %% % %% % % o$&$' $%% . $o$' $%% 4$%$%% o$w$& % % ( : ) ($* ) ( .

% %$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$% A+u ,uraira- or .aul/ .er-a0s 1ou -ave -ear2 o3 t-e name ".aul" (s0ellin4/*. 5-ere was a .aul as t-e 2is6i0le o3 7esus. 8ut t-is 3amous .aul is not t-at one. ,e is a 0erson w-o (some sa1* 2i2 not see 7esus -imsel3 e96e0t in -is 2reams. ,e was a4ainst t-e 6-ristians on t-ose 2a1s& an2 a3ter a revelation in a 2ream& -e +e6ame 6-ristian& an2 -e +e6ame t-e 3at-er o3 to2a1s: 6-ristianit1. No+o21 aske2 -im t-ose 2a1s: ;-ere -ave 1ou +een m1 son w-en 7esus was on t-e 6ross/ ;-1 2o 1ou 6laim t-at 1ou 6an now e90an2& e90lain& an2 2e3en2 t-e reli4ion w-i6- 1ou 3ou4-t 3or a 3ew 1ears/ <1 0oint is t-at: ,e +e6ame t-e +ase o3 6-ristianit1 an2 t-e sour6e o3 revelation. =ver1t-in4& t-en& 6ame t-rou4- -im. >everal rules an2 t-eolo41 o3 6-ristianit1& all 6ame t-rou4- -is senten6es w-i6- were not in t-e ori4inal reli4ion at t-e +e4innin4. ,ow man1 senten6es& 1ou t-ink& 6ause2 6-ristians to 2eviate 3rom t-eir true roots/ 5-ere is a 0erson name2 as A+u ,uraira- w-ose -istor1 I will +rin4 a3ter a w-ile. 5-is man sa1s -imsel3: ------1.11!: ------Narrate2 A+u ,uraira: 5-ere is none amon4 t-e 6om0anions o3 t-e .ro0-et w-o -as narrate2 more ,a2it-s t-an I e96e0t :A+2alla- +in Amr (+in al-:As* w-o use2 to write t-em an2 I never 2i2 t-e same. All nine volumns o3 >a-i- 8uk-ari 6ontains '#?@ tra2itions. From t-ese tra2itions& a+out 11## tra2itions are narrate2 3rom t-is man& in ot-er wor2s& 1"."?% o3 t-e w-ole tra2itions in >a-i- 8uk-ari (almost 1)?*. (I will soon 4ive 1ou t-e num+er o3 tra2itions narrate2 +1 A+u ,urairain >a-i- <uslim.* As I s-owe2 on "A+u ,uraira or Aoui .asteur"& -e 6ontra2i6te2 -imsel3 as well as s6ien6e. 5-e 3ollowin4 -a2it- is anot-er one w-ere -e 6learl1 narrates a -a2it- w-i6- is not in a66or2an6e wit- w-at Ais-a an2 Bmm >alam- narrate. I3 we a66e0t t-at Ais-a an2 Bmm >alam- were in t-e -ouse o3 t-e 0ro0-et more t-an an1 ot-er wives& we 6an easil1 see t-e 0ro+lem -ere. C5-is is in 0a4e @1& in a se6tion title2 as: Is a 3astin4 0erson 4ets u0 in t-e mornin4 in t-e state o3 7ana+a (will -is 3ast +e vali2/* D 5-is -a2it- is translate2 +1 t-e translator ONAE u0 to t-e en2 o3 t-e 3irst 0ara4ra0-. ,e t-en sto00e2 translatin4. ,owever& t-e ara+i6 te9t is still t-ere. 5-e rest is m1 own translation. I3 1ou 2o not want to trust me& I su44est 1ou re3er to t-e ara+i6 te9t. In a22ition& I will +rin4 1ou more sour6es 3or t-e e90lanation an2 translation I ma2e.

-------!.14@ -------Narrate2 Ais-a an2 Bmm >alam: At times Alla- A0ostle (ma1 0ea6e +e u0on -im* use2 to 4et u0 in t-e mornin4 in t-e state o3 7ana+a a3ter -avin4 se9ual relations wit- -is wives. ,e woul2 t-en take a +at- an2 3ast. <arwan sai2 to A+2u-arra-man i+n ,aret-: >wear to Fo2 t-at +1 (-earin4* t-is& A+u ,uraira will s6ream. At t-is time& <arwan was in <a2ina-. A+u 8akr sai2: A+2-arra-man 2i2 not like t-is. 5-en it -a00ene2 t-at we 4at-ere2 in G-i-,ulai3a- w-ere A+u ,uraira- -a2 a 0ie6e o3 eart-. A+2-arra-man tol2 A+u ,uraira-: I am tellin4 1ou t-is& an2 i3 <arwan 2i2 not ask me (+1 swear* 3or t-is& I woul2 not -ave +een mentionin4 t-is to 1ou. 5-en -e mentione2 t-e (tra2itions* narrate2 +1 Ais-a an2 Bmm >alam-. ,e (A+u ,uraira-* sai2: al-3a2-l I+n A++as narrate2 me so an2 -e is more knowle24ea+le. ,ammam an2 I+n A+2ulla- I+n Bmar narrate2 3rom A+u ,uraira- t-at t-e 0ro0-et or2ere2 3or o0enin4 t-e sawm (an2 not to 3ast*& (o+viousl1* t-e 3irst 6-ain (3rom Ais-a an2 Bmm >alam* is more trusta+le. ------------------------------------5-e a+ove tra2itions are taken 3rom: 5-e translation o3 t-e meanin4 o3 >a-i- al-8uk-ari Ara+i6-=n4lisGr. <o-amma2 <u-sin H-an Islami6 Bniversit1& <e2ina al-<unawwara HaIe .u+li6ations. 1"2 Nort- ;ells >treet& C-i6a4o. IAA.?#?1#(B>A* (!r2 revise2& 1 ''*(4t- revise2 =2ition& <ar6- 1 ' * Call Num+er(In li+rar1 o3 ;aterloo universit1*: 8.1!".A124="4 JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ From: asa+ati@sol.BVi6.CA (a-ma2* In arti6le elra+aa@sun14.vlsi.uwaterloo.6a (<. =lKa+aa* writes: L A4ain Hamran is s0ellin4 -is mis6on6e0tions into t-e net ... L L 1* A+u-,urira- (KA* sta1e2 ver1 6lose to t-e .ro0-et (ali-i MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM L assalato wassalam* 3or 3ew 1ears& -e 2i2 not 4o to markets MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMM Gear 8rot-er <o-amma2& I woul2 like to ask 1ou t-e 3ollowin4 Nuestion: Go 1ou know 3or -ow lon4 A+u-,urira- ,as sta1e2 wit- t-e .ro0-et/ 5-e answer is 3oun2 in t-e 3ollowin4 sunni re3eran6es: 1. al-<ilala wa al-Ni-al& +1 i+en al-7awIia& .u+. =410t. 2. >irat i+en ,is-am& .u+. =410t. A+u-,urira- +e6ame a moslem onl1 two 1ears +e3ore t-e .ro0-et (s.a.w* 2ie2. 5-ere3ore& ,ow 6an -e re0ort some 2### -a2it- in t-e >a-ee- al-8uk-ari alone& w-ile t-ere are oln1 ver1 3ew -a2it-s are re0orte2 +1 Imam Ali& Imam Al-,asan&Imam al-,usain& or Fatima- al-Ia-ra-. ,ow woul2 1ou e90lain su6t-in4s / I am intreste2 in 1our o+Oe6tive an2 s6ienti3i6 answer su00orte2 +1 some re3eran6es. L L .ro0-et (ali-i assalato wassalam* almost 24 -rs a 2a1 PPP 5-at is w-1 -e narrate2 a lot o3 a-a2it- ...

L L L L L L L L L L L L

2* ,e also narrate2 a lot o3 a-a2it- w-i6- -e -ear2 3rom ot-er sa-a+a (KAA* ... sa-a+a were 4oo2 muslims an2 truste2 ea6- ot-er& so -e took some a-a2it- 3rom t-e sa-a+a ... As 3or t-e e9am0le o3 6ontra2i6tion Hamran 4ives& all I 6an sa1 is t-is& 4o an2 6-e6k a 3iN- +ook PPP

I mentione2 t-is +e3ore several times ... to make a rulin4 o3 a-a2it-& 1ou -ave to 6-e6k 3iN- +ooks ... it is not a strai4-t 3orwor2 matter ... i3 someone is intereste2 an2 2oes not -ave a 3iN- +ook (like FiN- =l-sunna-* 0ls MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM Gear +rot-er& I -ave 5-e a+ove mentione2 +ook& FiN- al-sunna-& +1 >ai2 >a+iN& .u+lis-e2 in =410t. ;oul2 1ou kin2l1 4ive me t-e 0a4e num+er so t-at I 6oul2 look +1 m1sel3. On t-e ot-er -an2& sin6e 1ou -ave FiN- al->unna- +ook 0lease not6e t-at w-en >ai2 >a+iN ( one o3 ver1 res0e6te2 sunni s6-olars an2 t-e aut-er o3 t-e well konwn +ooks su6- as t-e a+ove mentione2 +ook* talk a+out some issues & -e some time re3er to t-e >-iat 0oint o3 view o3 t-at issue. For e9am0le : QawaO al-<uta-& Ranoon al-,awal al->-ak-esai- (t-e Aow o3 <arria4e*.Also& noti6e -is tone w-en -e talk a+out t-e s-iat moslems or s6-olarsP .lease& a3ter 1ou look at t-e a+ove two 6-a0ter o3 t-e +ook let me know w-at 1ou t-ink. A,<AG BNIV=KI>5E OF VIC5OKIA VIC5OKIA& 8C& CANAGA JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ From: IN%"kaamran@sun14.vlsi.uwaterloo.CA" "-G=C-1 >u+Oe6t: >tatisti6al num+ers 5-e onl1 -a2it- in t-is arti6le was taken 3rom: 5-e translation o3 t-e meanin4 o3 >a-i- al-8uk-ari Ara+i6-=n4lisGr. <o-amma2 <u-sin H-an Islami6 Bniversit1& <e2ina al-<unawwara HaIe .u+li6ations. 1"2 Nort- ;ells >treet& C-i6a4o. IAA.?#?1#(B>A* (!r2 revise2& 1 ''*(4t- revise2 =2ition& <ar6- 1 ' * Call Num+er(In li+rar1 o3 ;aterloo universit1*: 8.1!".A124="4 --------------------------------Amon4 all sa-a+a- an2 t-ose w-o visite2 t-e 0ro0-et& onl1 a 3ew narrate2 <O>5 o3 t-e tra2itions insi2e >e-a-. 5-eir num+er is 3ewer t-at t-e num+er o3 3in4ers. ;-ile ot-er tra2itions sa1 t-at at least 14## 0eo0le were a6om0anie2 t-e 0ro0-et in ,u2a1+i1a-. 5-e <a2ina- itsel3 -a2 more t-an !### in-a+itants.In t-e 8attle o3 <a66a (Fat--al-mo+een*& more t-an 1#&### 0eo0le were 0arti6i0ant. In t-e last ,aOO o3 t-e 0ro0-et& more t-an t-e same num+er were wit- t-e 0ro0-et. From all o3 t-ese 0eo0le& onl1 a 3ew -ave +een mentione2 insi2e >e-a-. >ome o3 t-ese 0eo0le& su6- as A+u ,uraira- were 6onverte2 to Islam onl1 t-ree 1ears +e3ore t-e 2eat- o3 t-e 0ro0-et. Anot-er& 3or e9am0le& is Ais-a& t-e mot-er o3 3ait-3ul. >-e narrate2 a lot o3 tra2itions too. Aet see -ow ol2 s-e was: ------".2!?: ------! 14:2@:4!."!

Narrate2 ,is-am:s 3at-er: H-a2iOa 2ie2 t-ree 1ears +e3ore t-e .ro0-et 2e0arte2 to <e2ina. ,e sta1e2 t-ere 3or two 1ears or so an2 t-en -e marrie2 :Ais-a w-en s-e was a 4irl o3 si9 1ears o3 a4e& an2 -e 6onsume2 t-at marria4e w-en s-e was nine 1ears ol2. >ome sim0le 6om0utations sa1 t-at: 1*- 5-e 0ro0-et en4a4e2 wit- Ais-a one 1ear +e3ore -is movement to <a2ina-. (One 1ear +e3ore ,iOra-*. At t-at time& Ais-a was si9 1ears ol2. (Anot-er -a2it- narrate2 +1 Ais-a -ersel3 sa1s t-at s-e was 0la1in4 wit- +a+1-tools on t-ose 2a1s.* 2*- 5-e 0ro0-et marrie2 -er in t-e >=CONG 1ear o3 ,iOra-& w-en Ais-a was 1ears ol2. !*- Assumin4 t-at t-e 0ro0-et live2 onl1 1# 1ears a3ter ,iOra-& Ais-a live2 onl1 @ 1ears wit- t-e 0ro0-et in -er a2ult a4e. One more 0oint s-oul2 +e a22e2 t-at & as I will 4ive t-e e9a6t re3eren6es& a 3emale easil1 3or4ets e9a6t wor2in4s& or t-e wor2s t-emselves. 5-is is t-e nature o3 woman. Ais-a 2i2 not -ave a su0erior nature o3 -umanit1 too. It is normal to e90e6t t-at s-e mi4-t -ave 3or4otten some o3 tra2itions in its true 3orm. Aet us see some num+ers now. I am 4oin4 to 4ive 1ou some statisti6s a+out t-e num+er o3 tra2itions narrate2 +1 2i33erent 0eo0le. I 2o not 6laim t-ese num+ers are a66urate& sin6e I 2i2 not 6ount t-em +1 3in4er. 5-e onl1 0ersons w-ose tra2itions are 6ounte2 +1 me an2 in 0erson is Ali-I+n-A+italee+ an2 -is sons. >ome o3 tra2itions w-i6- are written re0eate2l1 +1 Imam 8uk-ari are also 6onsi2ere2 in t-e 3ollowin4 num+ers. As t-e result& 1ou -ave to sometime re2u6e 1## 3rom t-em. ----------------------------------------------5otal num+er o3 tra2itions in volumns o3 8uk-ari: '#?@

----------------------------------------------Ais-a t-e mot-er o3 3ait-3ul: 12"# (1'.?@%* A+u ,uraira-: 11## (1"."?%*

I+n-Bmar& son o3 Bmar: 11## (1"."?%* ----------------------------------------------Anas-I+n-<alik: ## (12.'!%* A+2ulla--I+n-A++as: '## ( . %* ----------------------------------------------7o+air-I+n-A+2ulla-: 2'" (!.@ %* A+u-<usa-As-ari: 1?" (2.!!%*

A+u->ai2-Al-H-e2ri: 1!# (1.@4%* ----------------------------------------------Ali-I+n-A+italee+: ' (1.11%* Bmar-I+n-H-atta+: Bmm >alam-: "# (#.'1%*

4@ (#.?@%* 4" (#.?4%*

A+2ulla--I+n-<asu2:

<uawi1a--I+n-A+uso31an: 1# (#.14%* ---------------------------------------------,asan-I+n-Ali: @ (#.11%* Ali-I+n-,usain: ? (#.#@%* (@!% on t-e w-ole*

,usain-I+n-Ali: 2 (#.#!%* ----------------------------------------------

As 1ou 6an see& t-ere is so 3ew tra2itions narrate2 3rom Ali-I+n-A+itali+& an2 s0e6iall1 -is sons. I -ave not 4iven ot-er num+ers 3or ot-er narrators& 1et. 5-e aut-or o3 t-is +ook& Imam 8uk-ari was livin4 in t-e li3e time o3 Imam 8a4-er& son o3 Ali-I+n-,usain& an2 Imam 7a3ar. ,e 2i2 not narrate ON= sin4le -a2it3rom t-em. 5-is is w-en t-at Imam 7a3ar an2 Imam 8a4-er were narratin4 -a2it- 3rom t-eir 3at-ers u0 to Ali-I+n-A+italee+ an2 3inall1 3rom t-e 0ro0-et -imsel3. In ot-er wor2s& Imam 8uk-ari 2i2 not a66e0t t-at t-ese sons o3 Ali-I+n-A+italee+ are ;OK5,E o3 narratin4 -a2it-& an2 -e t-ou4-t t-at t-e1 are liars. I3 1ou look at t-e sour6es o3 ,a2it- o3 s-iat& 1ou will 3in2 t-at t-ese 0eo0le were not silent. 5-e1 narrate2 a lot tra2itions 3rom t-eir 3at-ers u0 to Ali-I+n-A+italee+& an2 3inall1 3rom t-e 0ro0-et. Is it not interestin4/ JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ From: kaamran@sun14.vlsi.uwaterloo.6a >u+Oe6t: A+u ,uraira (.art 1: A 6on3ession/* 5-e 3ollowin4 -a2it- is not stran4e as 3ar as t-e 6ontent o3 t-e -a2it- 4oes. At t-e +e4innin4& A+u ,uraira is narratin4 t-e -a2it- 3rom t-e 0ro0-et. ;-en 0eo0le aske2 -im w-et-er -e -ear2 t-is -a2it- 3rom t-e 0ro0-et or not& -e sai2 t-at -e 2i2 not& an2 -e narrate2 +1 -is ownsel3. 1*- ;-at I woul2 like 1ou to 2o 3or me is to use 1our ke1+oar2 an2 6learl1 0artition t-e 3irst -a2it- to two 0arts: a*- 5-e 0art t-at is s0oken +1 t-e 0ro0-et& an2 +*- t-e 0art t-at is s0oken ONAE +1 A+u ,uraira-. 2*- I woul2 like 1ou to 6learl1 tell me w-1 0eo0le aske2 -im w-et-er t-ese wor2s are s0oken +1 t-e 0ro0-et. As 3ar as m1 knowle24e sa1s& 0eo0le aske2 t-is Nuestion onl1 i3 t-e -a2it- was reall1 stran4e to t-em& su6- as t-e tra2itions w-i6are talkin4 a+out 3uture an2 some events w-i6- were un+elieva+le 3or t-em& an2 is takin4 0la6e t-ese 2a1s. ;-at was stran4e in t-is -a2it-& an2 w-1 0eo0le aske2 A+u ,uraira w-et-er -e is tellin4 w-at -e -ear2 3rom t-e 0ro0-et or not. !*- I woul2 like 1ou to 6learl1 tell me w-at woul2 -ave -a00ene2 i3 0eo0le 2i2 not ask A+u ,uraira w-et-er an1 0art o3 t-e -a2it- is trul1 s0oken +1 t-e 0ro0-et or not. 4*- I3 0eo0le 2i2 not ask A+u ,uraira w-et-er t-e -a2it- is tol2 +1 t-e 0ro0-et or not& a00arentl1& 0eo0le woul2 -ave 6onsi2ere2 t-e w-ole -a2it- as t-e wor2s o3 t-e 0ro0-et. 5-e trut- was& in an1 6ase& t-at A+u -uraira sai2 somet-in4 o3 -is own an2 atta6-e2 some =S5KA wor2s to a -a2it- narrate2 (0er-a0s* s0oken +1 t-e 0ro0-et. I woul2 like 1ou to 6learl1 tell me w-1 2o 1ou trust su6- 0erson w-o a22s some wor2s o3 -is own to t-e wor2s o3 t-e 0ro0-et. "*- ;oul2 1ou kin2l1 Nuote all t-e tra2itions w-i6- are narrate2 +1 A+u ,uraira an2 a66e0te2 +1 Imam 8uk-ari an2 <uslim& an2

6learl1 2raw a line +etween 0arts w-i6- are s0oken +1 t-e 0ro0-et an2 t-e wor2s s0oken +1 A+u ,uraira. I reall1 2o not un2erstan2 -ow a man allows -imsel3 to sa1 somet-in4 w-i6- -as not -ear2 3rom t-e 0ro0-et an2 to atta6- it wit- 0ro0-et wor2s wit-out even warnin4 in a2van6e. Or& w-1 -e tells somet-in4 o3 -is own +e3ore 6learl1 statin4 at t-e +e4innin4 o3 -is own wor2s t-at t-ese are -is wor2s an2 not t-e 0ro0-et/ 5-e se6on2 e9am0le 6learl1 s-ows t-at A+u -uraira -as a22e2 to w-at t-e 0ro0-et (0ro+a+l1* sai2. ,ow a+out 6ases w-ere no+o21 -as re0orte2 t-e somet-in4 is e9tra 4iven +1 A+u ,uraira/ ------------------------------------------'.2?@: ------Narrate2 A+u ,uraira: MMMMMMMMMMM "5-e .ro0-et sai2& :5-e +est alms is t-at w-i6- is 4iven w-en one is MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ri6-& an2 a 4ivin4 -an2 is +etter t-an a takin4 one& an2 1ou s-oul2 start 3irst to su00ort 1our 2e0en2ents.: A wi3e sa1s& :Eou s-oul2 eit-er 0rovi2e me wit- 3oo2 or 2ivor6e me.: A slave sa1s& :Five me 3oo2 an2 enOo1 m1 servi6e." A son sa1s& "Five me 3oo2T to w-om 2o 1ou leave me/" 5-e 0eo0le sai2& "O A+u ,urairaP Gi2 1ou -ear t-at 3rom MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM Alla-:s A0ostle /" ,e sai2& "No& it is 3rom m1 own sel3." MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ------------------------------------I woul2 like to know w-1 A+u ,uraira B>=G 5O a22 some ot-er 0la6es as well/ -------'.4 2: -------Anas +in <alik sai2: Alla-:s A0ostle sai2& "Go not make 2rinks in A2-Gu++a: nor in al-<uIa33at. A+u ,uraira use2 to a22 to t-em al-,antam an2 An-NaNir. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ------------------------------------5-e a+ove -a2it- is taken 3rom: 5-e translation o3 t-e meanin4 o3 >a-i- al-8uk-ari Ara+i6-=n4lisGr. <o-amma2 <u-sin H-an Islami6 Bniversit1& <e2ina al-<unawwara HaIe .u+li6ations. 1"2 Nort- ;ells >treet& C-i6a4o. IAA.?#?1#(B>A* (!r2 revise2& 1 ''*(4t- revise2 =2ition& <ar6- 1 ' * Call Num+er(In li+rar1 o3 ;aterloo universit1*: 8.1!".A124="4 JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ JJJ From: kaamran@sun14.vlsi.uwaterloo.6a >u+Oe6t: A+u ,uraira (.art 2: 5-e ori4in o3 A+u ,uraira/*

>unni +rot-ers usuall1 Nuote a 3ew verses 3rom Ruran to s-ow t-at t-e sa-a+a- w-o 0arti6i0ate2 in t-e 0le24e o3 ,u2ai+1ia -ave -i4- stan2ar2 (virtue* an2 are 6onsi2ere2 ver1 res0e6t3ull1. Fine. I 2o not want to 2is6uss t-e 6orre6tness o3 t-is inter0retation an2 un2erstan2in4 -ere. Gi2 1ou know t-at A+u ,uraira was not muslim on t-ose 2a1s& an2 was not amon4 muslims on t-ose 2a1s& an2 6ertainl1 2i2 not witness t-e 0le424e o3 ,u2ai+1ia/ Ees& A+u ,uraira never witnesse2 t-e 0le4e o3 ,u2ai+1ia. A+u ,uraira was a 7ew& +e6ame muslim on t-e 2a1 o3 H-ai+ar w-i6- took 0la6e one 1ear a3ter t-e 0le24e o3 ,u2ai+1ia& an2 s0ent ONAE t-ree 1ears wit- t-e 0ro0-et. 1*- A+u ,uraira +e6ame muslim on t-e 2a1 o3 H-ai+ar. 5-is is testi3ie2 +1 7a+ir i+n A+2ulla-. (>e6on2 -a2it-* LLL A+u ,uraira 6ame to t-e .ro0-et 2urin4 t-e 2a1 o3 H-ai+ar.

I 2o not nee2 to em0-asiIe t-is 0oint t-at t-e +attle o3 H-ai+ar took 0la6e +etween muslims an2 7ews. A+u ,uraira was a 7ew +e3ore -e +e6ame muslim. 2*- A+u ,uraira was wit- t-e 0ro0-et onl1 t-ree 1ears. (,e -imsel3 testi3ies in t-e 3irst -a2it-.* LLL I enOo1e2 t-e 6om0an1 o3 Alla-:s A0ostle 3or t-ree 1ears !*- .er-a0s& 1ou +etter know -ow ot-ers 4reete2 -im w-en -e +e6ame muslim on t-at 2a1. ------4.'@ : ------Narrate2 A+u ,uraira: I enOo1e2 t-e 6om0an1 o3 Alla-:s A0ostle 3or t-ree 1ears& an2 2urin4 MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM t-e ot-er 1ears o3 m1 li3e& never was I so an9ious to un2erstan2 t-e (.ro0-et:s* tra2itions as I was 2urin4 t-ose t-ree 1ears. I -ear2 -im sa1in4& +e6konin4 wit- -is -an2 in t-is wa1& "8e3ore t-e ,our 1ou will 3i4-t wit- 0eo0le w-o will -ave -air1 s-oes an2 live in al-8ariI." (>u31an& t-e su+-narrator on6e sai2& "An2 t-e1 are t-e 0eo0le o3 al-8aIir."* ------".4"@: ------Narrate2 7a+ir +in :A+2ulla-: 5-at -e 3ou4-t in a F-aIwa towar2s NaO2 alon4 wit- Alla-:s A0ostle an2 w-en Alla-:s A0ostle returne2& -e too& returne2 alon4 wit- -im. 5-e time o3 t-e a3ternoon na0 overtook t-em w-en t-e1 were in a valle1 3ull o3 t-orn1 trees. Alla-:s A0ostle 2ismounte2 an2 t-e 0eo0le 2is0erse2 amon4st t-e t-orn1 trees& seekin4 t-e s-a2e o3 t-e trees. Alla-:s A0ostle took s-elter un2er a >amura tree an2 -un4 -is swor2 on it. ;e sle0t 3or a w-ile w-en Alla-:s A0ostle su22enl1 6alle2 us& an2 we went to -im& to 3in2 a +e2ouin sittin4 wit- -im. Alla-:s A0ostle sai2& "5-is (+e2ouin* took m1 swor2 out o3 its s-eat- w-ile I was aslee0. ;-en I woke u0& t-e nake2 swor2 was in -is -an2 an2 -e sai2 to me& :;-o 6an save 1ou 3rom me/& I re0lie2& :Alla-.: Now -ere -e is sittin4." Alla-:s A0ostle 2i2 not 0unis- -im (3or t-at*.

5-rou4- anot-er 4rou0 o3 narrators& 7a+ir sai2& ";e were in t-e 6om0an1 o3 t-e .ro0-et (2urin4 t-e +attle o3* G-at-ur-KiNa:& an2 we 6ame a6ross a s-a21 tree an2 we le3t it 3or t-e .ro0-et (to take rest un2er its s-a2e*. A man 3rom t-e 0a4ans 6ame w-ile t-e .ro0-et:s swor2 was -an4in4 on t-e tree. ,e took it out o3 its s-eat- se6retl1 an2 sai2 (to t-e .ro0-et *& :Are 1ou a3rai2 o3 me/: 5-e .ro0-et sai2& :No.: ,e sai2& :;-o 6an save 1ou 3rom me/: 5-e .ro0-et sai2& Alla-.: 5-e 6om0anions o3 t-e .ro0-et t-reatene2 -im& t-en t-e INama 3or t-e 0ra1er was announ6e2 an2 t-e .ro0-et o33ere2 a two Kakat Fear 0ra1er wit- one o3 t-e two +at6-es& an2 t-at +at6- went asi2e an2 -e o33ere2 two Kak:a-t wit- t-e ot-er +at6-. >o t-e .ro0-et o33ere2 3our Kakat +ut t-e 0eo0le o33ere2 two Kakat onl1." (5-e su+-narrator* A+u 8is-r a22e2& "5-e man was F-aurat- +in al-,arit- an2 t-e +attle was wa4e2 a4ainst <u-ari+ H-asa3a." 7a+ir a22e2& ";e were wit- t-e .ro0-et at Nak-l an2 -e o33ere2 t-e Fear 0ra1er." A+u ,uraira sai2& "I o33ere2 t-e Fear 0ra1er wit- t-e .ro0-et 2urin4 t-e F-aIwa (i.e. t-e +attle* o3 NaO2." A+u ,uraira 6ame to t-e .ro0-et 2urin4 t-e 2a1 o3 H-ai+ar. MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ------"."44: ------Narrate2 :An+asa +in >ai2: A+u ,uraira 6ame to t-e .ro0-et an2 aske2 -im (3or a s-are 3rom t-e H-ai+ar +oot1*. On t-at& one o3 t-e sons o3 >ai2 +in al-:As sai2 to -im& "O Alla-:s A0ostleP Go not 4ive -im." A+u ,uraira t-en sai2 (to t-e .ro0-et * "5-is is t-e mur2erer o3 I+n RauNal." >a:i2:s son sai2& ",ow stran4eP A 4uinea 0i4 6omin4 3rom Ra2um A2-GanP" MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM Narrate2 A+u ,uraira: Alla-:s A0ostle sent A+an 3rom <e2ina to NaO2 as t-e 6omman2er o3 a >ari1a. A+an an2 -is 6om0anions 6ame to t-e .ro0-et at H-ai+ar a3ter t-e .ro0-et -a2 6onNuere2 it& an2 t-e reins o3 t-eir -orses were ma2e o3 t-e 3ire o3 2ate 0alm trees. I sai2& "O Alla-:s A0ostleP Go not 4ive t-em a s-are o3 t-e +oot1." on& t-at& A+an sai2 (to me*& ">tran4eP Eou su44est su6- a t-in4 t-ou4- 1ou are w-at 1ou MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM are& O 4uinea 0i4 6omin4 2own 3rom t-e to0 o3 A2-Gal (a lotus tree*P MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM "On t-at t-e .ro0-et sai2& "O A+an& sit 2own P " an2 2i2 not 4ive t-em an1 s-are. ------"."4": ------Narrate2 >ai2: A+an +in >ai2 6ame to t-e .ro0-et an2 4reete2 -im. A+u ,uraira sai2& "O Alla-:s A0ostleP 5-is (A+an* is t-e mur2erer o3 t-e I+n RauNal." (On -earin4 t-at*& A+an sai2 to A+u ,uraira& ",ow stran4e 1our sa1in4 isP Eou& a 4uinea 0i4& 2es6en2in4 3rom Ra2um Gan& +lamin4 me 3or MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM (killin4* a 0erson w-om Alla- 3avore2 (wit- mart1r2om* wit- m1 -an2& an2 w-om ,e 3or+a2e to 2e4ra2e me wit- -is -an2.: JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ From: kaamran@sun14.vlsi.uwaterloo.6a >u+Oe6t: A+u ,uraira (.art !: ,is mental an2 0-1si6al 6on2itions* 1*- A3ter A+u ,uraira +e6ame muslim& -e 2i2 not -ave an1t-in4. ,e use2

to ask 0eo0le to re6ite a verse o3 Ruran& not +e6ause -e wante2 to +ene3it t-e Ruran. ,e wante2 t-e 0erson to 3eel reli4iousl1 6lose an2 ask A+u ,uraira 3or a 2inner or lun6-. 5-is is well known 0-enomena as "Comi+in4 stoma6- an2 reli4ion". (Or 6om+in4 reli4ion wit- t-e mone1& stoma6-& 0ower& ... or wit- trivial t-in4s* 2*- =ven 0eo0le 2i2 not +elieve t-at su6- 0erson 6an narrate so man1 tra2itions. CNo re3eren6e now: It -as +een tol2 t-at A+u ,uraira narrate2 4#&### tra2itions 2urin4 -is li3e time. Ginvin4 su6- num+er o3 tra2itions to t-ree 1ears o3 -is 6om0anions-i0 will result to !? tra2itions 0er 2a1 (PPP*. A re3eren6e I 4ave a 3ew weeks a4o 6on3irms t-at -e& -imsel3& -as 6on3esse2 t-at no+o21 amon4 t-e sa-a+a-as narrate2 as man1 tra2itions as -e 2i2. Hnowin4 t-is 3a6t t-at -e is t-e se6on2 0erson in rate o3 narratin4 -a2it- in 8uk-ari an2 <uslim& we 6on6lu2e t-at -e must -ave narrate2 more tra2itions t-an is re6or2e2 in t-ese two +ooks.D In one 4iven -a2it-& -e& -imsel3& -as 6on3esse2 t-at 0eo0le a66use2 -im o3 ma2ness. !*- Interestin4 0oint is t-at t-ere is NO sin4le -a2it- narrate2 +1 ot-ers as t-e merit o3 A+u ,uraira. I3 1ou sear6- t-e w-ole 8uk-ari an2 <uslim as t-e merit o3 A+u ,uraira& w-atever -a2it- 1ou see a+out -is 6om0anions-i0 wit- t-e 0ro0-et& an2 -is so 6alle2 knowle24e is narret2 +1 -im AAON=. On t-e ot-er -an2& w-en 1ou rea2 t-e merit o3 Ali-I+n-A+italee+ (>alman& Bmar& Qu+air& ...*& 1ou 6an see t-at t-ere were 2i33erent narrators to sa1 one -a2it- 3or Ali-I+n-A+italee+ (Or ot-ers*. 5-is 2oes not -a00en wit- A+u ,uraira at all. All t-e tra2itions like: I was a 4oo2 +o1& I 2i2 t-is an2 t-at were narrate2 ONAE +1 A+u ,uraira. I am askin4 1ou to tell me i3 1ou a66e0t t-e testimon1 o3 0erson in t-e 6ourt sa1in4 t-at -e is a 4oo2 +o1. ------------------------------------------". "': ------Narrate2 A+u ,uraira: 5-e 0eo0le use2 to sa1& "A+u ,uraira narrates too man1 narrations." In MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 3a6t I use2 to kee0 6lose to Alla-:s A0ostle an2 was satis3ie2 witw-at 3ille2 m1 stoma6-. I ate no leavene2 +rea2 an2 2resse2 no 2e6orate2 stri0e2 6lot-es& an2 never 2i2 a man or a woman serve me& an2 I o3ten use2 to 0ress m1 +ell1 a4ainst 4ravel +e6ause o3 -un4er& an2 I use2 to ask a man to re6ite a Rurani6 Verse to me alt-ou4- I MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM knew it& so t-at -e woul2 take me to -is -ome an2 3ee2 me. An2 t-e MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM most 4enerous o3 all t-e 0eo0le to t-e 0oor was 7a:3ar +in A+i 5ali+. ,e use2 to take us to -is -ome an2 o33er us w-at was availa+le t-erein. ,e woul2 even o33er us an em0t1 3ol2e2 leat-er 6ontainer (o3 +utter* w-i6- we woul2 s0lit an2 li6k w-atever was in it. ------'.!4!: -------

Narrate2 A+u ,uraira: I use2 to a66om0an1 Alla-:s A0ostle to 3ill m1 stoma6-T an2 t-at was MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM w-en I 2i2 not eat +ake2 +rea2& nor wear silk. Neit-er a male nor a 3emale slave use2 to serve me& an2 I use2 to +in2 stones over m1 +ell1 an2 ask some+o21 to re6ite a Rurani6 Verse 3or me t-ou4- I knew it& so MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM t-at -e mi4-t take me to -is -ouse an2 3ee2 me. 7a:3ar +in A+i 5ali+ MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM was ver1 kin2 to t-e 0oor& an2 -e use2 to take us an2 3ee2 us witw-at ever was availa+le in -is -ouse& (an2 i3 not-in4 was availa+le*& -e use2 to 4ive us t-e em0t1 (-one1 or +utter* skin w-i6- we woul2 tear an2 li6k w-atever was in it. ------.42": ------Narrate2 <u-amma2: ;e were wit- A+u ,uraira w-ile -e was wearin4 two linen 4arments 21e2 wit- re2 6la1. ,e 6leane2 -is nose wit- -is 4arment& sa1in4& "8ravoP 8ravoP A+u ,uraira is 6leanin4 -is nose wit- linenP 5-ere 6ame a time w-en I woul2 3all senseless +etween t-e 0ul0it o3 Alla-:s A0ostle an2 :Ais-a:s 2wellin4 w-ereu0on a 0asser+1 woul2 6ome an2 0ut -is 3oot on m1 ne6k& 6onsi2erin4 me a ma2 man& +ut in 3a6t& I -a2 no ma2ness& I MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM su33ere2 not-in4 +ut -un4er." MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM -------'.2@'i: -------Narrate2 A+u ,uraira: On6e w-ile I was in a state o3 3ati4ue (+e6ause o3 severe -un4er*& I MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM met :Bmar +in al-H-atta+& so I aske2 -im to re6ite a verse 3rom Alla-:s 8ook to me. ,e entere2 -is -ouse an2 inter0rete2 it to me. (5-en I went out an2* a3ter walkin4 3or a s-ort 2istan6e& I 3ell on m1 3a6e +e6ause o3 3ati4ue an2 severe -un4er. >u22enl1 I saw Alla-:s A0ostle stan2in4 +1 m1 -ea2. ,e sai2& "O A+u ,urairaP" I re0lie2& "Aa++aik& O Alla-:s A0ostle& an2 >a2aikP" 5-en -e -el2 me +1 t-e -an2& an2 ma2e me 4et u0. 5-en -e 6ame to know w-at I was su33erin4 3rom. ,e took me to -is -ouse& an2 or2ere2 a +i4 +owl o3 milk 3or me. I 2rank t-ereo3 an2 -e sai2& "Grink more& O A+u ,irrP" >o I 2rank a4ain& w-ereu0on -e a4ain sai2& "Grink more." >o I 2rank more till m1 +ell1 +e6ame 3ull an2 looke2 like a +owl. A3terwar2s I met :Bmar an2 mentione2 to -im w-at -a2 -a00ene2 to me& an2 sai2 to -im& ">ome+o21& w-o -a2 more ri4-t t-an 1ou& O :Bmar& took over t-e 6ase. 81 Alla-& I aske2 1ou to re6ite a Verse to me w-ile I knew it +etter t-an 1ou." On t-at Bmar sai2 to me& "81 Alla-& i3 I a2mitte2 an2 entertaine2 1ou& it woul2 -ave +een 2earer to me t-an -avin4 ni6e re2 6amels. ------------------------------------5-e a+ove tra2itions are taken 3rom: 5-e translation o3 t-e meanin4 o3 >a-i- al-8uk-ari Ara+i6-=n4lisGr. <o-amma2 <u-sin H-an

Islami6 Bniversit1& <e2ina al-<unawwara HaIe .u+li6ations. 1"2 Nort- ;ells >treet& C-i6a4o. IAA.?#?1#(B>A* (!r2 revise2& 1 ''*(4t- revise2 =2ition& <ar6- 1 ' * Call Num+er(In li+rar1 o3 ;aterloo universit1*: 8.1!".A124="4 JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ From: imran@0ani9.6om (Imran Anwar* >u+Oe6t: Ke: A+u ,uraira (.art !: ,is mental an2 0-1si6al 6on2itions* GOamel -as 0oste2 an atta6k on t-e 0ostin4 a+out A+u ,uraira t-at +ears to +e res0on2e2 to . GOamel. I3 someone -as >B.=K,B<AN a+ilities all o3 a su22en woul2 1ou not +e sus0i6ious. ;e 2o not -ear t-at A+u ,uraira was a man wit- a >B.=K memor1 +e3ore -e met t-e .ro0-et. >u22enl1& -e 6omes to ,aIrat <u-amma2 (>AA>*& s0enm2s t-ree 1ears wit- -im an2 6an remem+er =V=KE5,INF +1 some <AFICAA 0owers. It -as not-in4 to 2o wit- someone tr1in4 to make 0eo0le s-ia or sunni +1 Nuestionin4 t-e +alone1 t-at A+u ,uraira was s0ewin4. 5-is man was usin4 -is 8KI=F time wit- t-e 0r0-et (>AA>* 3or .=K>ONAA 4ain an2 to 6ontinue to FAIN INFAB=NC= ever1 time somet-in4 6ame u0 t-at reNuire2 an o0inion ,= was t-e one w-o 6ame u0 wit- some ,AG==> -e >BGG=NAE FBIAAE K=<=<=8K=G. In 0arti6ular -e ,A5=G Ais-a an2 it is a matter o3 re6or2 t-at -e ma2e u0 ,AG==5, t-at Ais-a GIK=C5AE 6ontra2i6te2. 5-is man:s su0er memor1 6ame into e9isten6e a3ter t-e .ro0-et:s 2eat- w-en su22enl1 3rom a .C S5 t10e +rain -is min2 +e6ame like a 4@?)!!<,I wit- a CG-KO< +uilt in wit- t-e entire en616lo0ae2ia o3 ,a2eet-. ANE su+Oe6t& ANE time& -e woul2 re6all somet-in4 t-at no one lese knew or -a2 -ear2 +e3ore. ;owP 5-e likeli-oo2 o3 t-is man 2oin4 it 3or 0ersonal 4ain& in3luen6e& an2 0oliti6al)so6ial motivation is ver1 -i4- an2 we s-oul2 +e war1 o3 t-at instea2 o3 Nuestionin4 t-e motive o3 someone w-o raise2 t-ese 0oints. JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ J From: kaamran@sun14.vlsi.uwaterloo.6a >u+Oe6t: Ke: A+ou ,uraira L Arti6le: '@@" o3 so6.reli4ion.islam L From: B"@!? @ui6vm.ui6.e2u L For e9am0le t-e1 ask: ,ow 6oul2 one L man narrate so man1 -a2it-s/ A1s-a (res0e6te2 mot-er o3 +elievers* narrate2 more t-an A+u ,uraira in >a-i- 8uk-ari. I+n Bmar narrate2 t-e same as A+u ,uraira in 8uk-ari. I 4ave all t-ese num+ers in an arti6le title2 as >tatisti6al num+ers. I 2i2 not ask w-1 A1es-a narrate2 so man1 -a2it- 3rom t-e 0ro-et. I 2i2 not ask w-1 I+n-Bmar narrate2 so man1 -a2it-& or I+n-A++as& or ot-ers. I aske2: ,ow a 0erson w-o was wit- t-e 0ro0-et less t-an t-ree 1ears -as narrate2 so man1 tra2itions/ 5-e rest is i4nore2 sin6e 1ou misun2erstoo2 t-e ori4inal Nuestion 3rom t-e +ase.

L A+u ,uraira onl1 narrate2 "&!'4 -a2it-s. Aet us assume t-at A+u ,uraira was wit- t-e 0ro0-et 3ull t-ree 1ears. "&!'4)! U 1' 1.!! tra2itions 0er 1ear& 1' 1.!!)(!?"-11*U ".#? tra2itions 0er 2a1. Eou tell me -ow/ ,ow a man 2i2 t-is ever1 2a1/ ;-1 -e was so 2e2i6ate2 w-ile mu6- more +etter 0eo0le su6- as Bmar& -is son& I+n A++as an2 A+u 8akr 2i2 not a66om0lis- su6-/ (wit- t-e same 2ensit1 as A+u ,uraira& " -a2it-s 0er 2a1/* Not to mention t-at A+u ,uraira narrate2 more t-an an1 ot-er sa-a+a-& +ase2 on -is testimon1. >ome sa1 t-at -e narrate2 aroun2 4#&### tra2itions. =ven 0eo0le w-o were livin4 aroun2 -im on t-at time were sur0rise2 +1 t-is man an2 -is narrations (+ase2 on t-e testimon1 o3 A+u ,uraira -imsel3.* Anot-er 0art is w-1 su6- man -as narrate2 similar tra2itions to ol2 testement/ (0arts w-i6- were 6learl1 reOe6te2 +1 islami6 t-eolo41/* JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ From: s-aun@2t.w26.6om (>-aun Astara+a2i* >u+Oe6t: Ke: A+u ,uraira (.art !: ,is mental an2 0-1si6al 6on2itions* In V24-v3aW!n2@4a0.6alte6-.e2uL 2Oamel@4emini.l26.lu.se writes: LLmira6le 3or A+u ,uraira to 4et su0er memor1/ LL L Now 1ou seem to re6o4niIe 1our la6k o3 knowle24e. Gi2 1ou know t-at L t-e 6om0anion an2 6ousin o3 t-e 0ro0-et >AA> A+2ulla- I+n A++as -as L 4ot 3rom t-e 0ro0-et -is +lessin4s an2 on6e swee0e2 -is 6-est witL -is -an2 an2 0ra1e2 Alla- 3or -im sa1in4:" Alla-umma 3aNNi--ou 3i L 22ini wa :allim-ou min ta:ouili l kita+i" (i.e. O- Alla- 4ive knowL le24e in t-e reli4ion an2 make -im inter0rete t-e +ook*/an2 +1 some L mira6le I+n A++as +e6ame ,i+r l oumma (t-e imam o3 t-e nation*&t-at L was one o3 t-e mira6les o3 t-e 0ro0-et >AA>. In almost t-e same wa1 L t-e 0ro0-et >AA> ma2e a 0ra1er on6e 3or A+u ,uraira w-n -e 6om0laiL ne2 to -im -is s-orta4e in memoiIin4. : As 1ou note2& I+n A++as (r* is re6o4nise2& even +1 ot-er sa-a+at-at -e knew "taaweel" (inter0retation* o3 t-e Ruran. 5-is is 2i33erent 3rom memoriIin4 o3 it. <an1 0eo0le& even to2a1& memoriIe t-e w-ole Ruran& t-at 2oes not mean t-e know t-e 5KB= meanin4 +e-in2 all t-at is in it. Ali i+n A+i5ali+ (as* was anot-er w-o sai2 t-at t-ere was no a1a in t-e Ruran t-at -e 2i2n:t know w-en it was reveale2 or w-1 it was reveale2 an2 w-at it meant. 5-e ot-er >a-a+a- re6o4nise2 t-is a+out t-ese 0ersons an2 t-ere are (mutawatir* -a2eet-s su00ortin4 t-eir knowle24e. Now& on A+u ,uraira. Alt-ou4- no one t-inks)6laims t-at -e knew "taaweel" o3 t-e Ruran& 1ou 2i2 not s-ow an1 0roo3 t-at -e 4ot -is memor1-0owers a3ter t-e 0ro0-et (sawaws* 0ra1e2 3or -im. I woul2 ask 1ou to 0ro2u6e t-e re3eren6e(s* in t-at re4ar2& 0re3era+l1 a mention +1 ot-er sa-a+a- on t-ese s0e6ial attri+utes o3 A+u ,uraira-& as o00ose2 to -im 2es6ri+in4 -imsel3. I woul2 like to make a 3urt-er 6orre6tion& A+u ,uraira- a3ter less t-an t-ree 1ears wit- t-e 0ro0-et (sawaws*& 2i2 not or avoi2e2 tellin4 -a2eet-s 2urin4 t-e 0erio2s o3 t-e 3irst t-ree "k-ula3aa al ras-i2een"& at least. ,is -a2eet- tellin4 was mainl1 2urin4 <u:awi1a:s time an2 later - t-is is at least !# 1ears

a3ter t-e 0ro0-et. >o -e ke0t all t-ese !### X)- -a2eet-s in -is -eart wit-out tellin4 ot-ers a+out t-em 3or all t-is time. 5-e 0roo3 to w-at I am sa1in4 is t-at A+u-8akir& Omar an2 Bt-man (r* 2i2 not allow tellin4 an2 re6or2in4 o3 -a2eet-s. 5-ere is a re0ort& in it A+u ,uraira- is aske2 i3 -e tol2 su6- -a2eet- in t-e time o3 Bt-man/ ,e sai2 t-at -e woul2n:t 2are to& an2 t-at t-e1 woul2 -ave -it)s0ank -im i3 -e 2i2PP 5-ere is not-in4 -ol1 a+out an1 o3 t-e 0ersonalities o3 t-e sa-a+a-& in 0arti6ular A+u ,uraira-& t-at s-oul2 0revent someone sear6-in4 3or t-e trut- to investi4ate an2 re)evaluate t-eir a6tions. 5-e1 were -uman +ein4s 6a0a+le o3 errors at various levels& t-is is not to sa1 t-at Alla- (swt* won:t 3or4ive t-eir errors& i3 ,e 6-ooses. ,owever& i3 we are to 3ollow t-eir a6t& in t-is li3e& we must +e 6lear in 6ons6ien6e t-at t-e1 2on:t 2eserve to +e mistruste2& a3ter stu21in4 t-e evi2en6e. For i3 it +e6omes evi2ent t-at t-e1 s-oul2 +e mistruste2& t-en one:s +rain (a 4i3t 3rom Alla-* woul2 (s-oul2* 2ire6t us not to use t-em as a 4ui2e& 0arti6ularl1& in w-at seems sus0i6ious.