@ @pbßìÜȾa@ÝÔã@ë@@òîî bäÌß‹èØÛa@pbuì¾a

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ÞaíÌÛaNˆ

LES ONDES ELECTROMAGNETIQUES,
SUPPORT DE CHOIX POUR TRANSMETTRE DES INFORMATIONS.
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1 

:17‫(א‬2.2 
1;‫א<א‬T‫א‬, "2@‫א‬R7?#E،P*;‫א<א‬T‫א‬, "1@‫א‬R7? • 
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""U‫א‬6G */‫<א‬E ‫!א‬,X:‫ א‬1; 
<‫א‬5*!",‫א
אא‬#:3IM(3.2 

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7‫א‬1_'‫אא‬V;'`‫א‬Y;.(104Hz + (C% 102 ;103,C%;,H 
)BF 
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‫""א‬U‫א‬b6G$#BFY,XKYE1;‫א<א‬T‫>א‬L0: 
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C#gh‫א‬BF ZG\‫""אא‬U‫א‬
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1;‫א<א‬T‫"א‬7E&$K:?> T‫א‬#1;‫א<א‬T‫"א‬7E& .3 
λ =150Km $ ،N = 2kHz "" ‫א‬9;Ei 

 
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: #ZH Lh‫(א"? א‬3.3 
:Y#ZH LmH
ϕ ,E N""UE Umf'E>#?Q H*!,;* 
j‫אא‬
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2 

:H#Z‫א א‬N;7 #Z‫!א‬,X:‫א‬N RDUm 
j‫אא‬f' N ?:f'‫ א‬ 
$Enϕ N:PD 

u (t ) = U m (t ) cos(2π Nt + ϕ )

u(t) N;7،#Z‫!א‬,X:‫א‬N RD 
j‫ ""אא‬N ?:""U‫ א‬
$Enϕ Um:PD

u (t ) = U m cos(2π N (t ).t + ϕ )

:o
#Z‫!א‬,X:‫א‬N RDN ?ϕ 
j‫אא‬,:,‫ א‬
$EnΝ Um:PD u (t )

= U m cos(2π Nt + ϕ (t ))  

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3

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@ @MODULATION D'AMPLITUDE@ÉìÛa@µà›m
ÞaíÌÛaNˆ 
;? /pEq+‫ א‬EK f'‫א‬Y#Z&C; 
4 X[K'‫א‬,C‫א‬rC  
:ÉìÛa@µà›m(I 
BFY,XKYE>L0<‫א‬T‫א‬$& BFuG\ 
"" ‫א‬9(signal informatif) 
7‫א‬−!,X:‫א‬$ ‫ א‬s:&C;‫(א‬1.1 
*U'0 *"" ‫א‬9 HF v3H  

j‫אא‬qA "C;$ ",0‫א‬5*!,"%(!,XK)  
#ZR^T',: 

‫؟‬Y#Z‫אא‬A!"H 
-_ Y#Z‫א‬1?>v2 H#Zv2.Y#Z‫אא‬+KR^
HF*"" ‫א‬9 
1;‫א<א‬T‫ א‬P*;‫א<א‬T‫א‬YE 
j‫אא‬$  
f'Y#ZyC]E #Z‫!א‬,X:‫א‬o; 
-.  7' N ?Px 
j‫אא‬N yCz 
:R?f'‫א‬Y#Z

P(t ) = Pm cos(2π N P t ) :HF 
D;

(Signal:!,X:‫א‬C 
5*C?S> 
‫ )א‬S (t ) = Sm cos(2π N S t )
U 0  

:BF "‫!א א‬,X:‫ א‬
: ! #‫;א‬2 ‫ א‬ 

Q? (‫א‬+‫ א‬E:‫(א‬2.1 
l‫א‬A(!>(‫!א  
א‬,‫א‬C‫(א‬2.11 
!,;*  #\Z 
1#7 
j‫א‬#f'‫א‬Y#Z 
 ‫{  א‬C*cj‫א‬H 
H |   

!,‫"א‬H* 
Um(t)
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4 

H#Z‫א א‬N;7(2.12

P(t ) = Pm cos(2π N P t ) :(W\Z)l‫א‬A(!>(‫!א‬,‫א‬CE11MC‫א‬C*-;‫ א א‬
(1) S (t ) + U 0 = S m cos(2π N S t ) + U 0 : E2 1MC‫א‬C*-;‫ א א‬
(2)US(t) = Um(t).cos(2πNPt):

J }‫  א‬

k ≈ 0,1 f 
(3) U S (t ) = k × P(t ) × [ S (t ) + U 0 ] :J }‫ א‬N;7$&H~ 
:‫א‬1 ‫א‬5*R ?Um(t) J }‫ א‬f' $&€(3) (2)Y%I7‫א‬, 
m × S(t ) + U 0 
U m (t ) = k × P
a = k × Pm 

:fZ

b = U0 

⇒ U m (t ) = a ( S (t ) + b)  

(W‫א‬C?C   E)H#Z‫ א‬G‚‫"א‬H*!,;*Um(t)(W‫א‬C?C GE)H#Z‫א‬f'‫א‬17$9Kf'‫א‬Y#Z

S(t).‫א‬N C7?E S(t)
Sm 

1 ‫א‬5*Us(t)f'‫א‬E2H LmH
 
7‫!א‬,X:‫א‬f' SmPx m = U Y#Z‫;א‬r 7:O_

0 

A=k.Pm.U0fƒE‫א‬
U S (t ) = A 1 + m.cos (2π N S t )  .cos ( 2π N P t )
U m (t ) = A 1 + m.cos ( 2π N S t )  

:f    

,‫א‬CEPmo7' ( (#…; 
17.)„* 
j‫!אא‬,XKUs(t)J }‫! א‬,XK,;*‫א‬H L 
 
7‫!–א‬,X:EH#Z‫א‬f'‫א‬-.‫?א‬kA‫  א‬A 1 + m. cos ( 2π N S t )  

;? (‫א'א‬,C‫(א‬3.1 
<E ‫!א‬,‫א‬C‫(א‬1.31 
:VAEA‫א‬W'‫'א &' א‬j‫א‬
1V.div-1:Y11MC‫ א‬ 
2V.div-1:Y21MC‫ א‬
0,2ms.div-1:( ‫)א‬.`‫'א‬j‫א‬ 

?7‫(א‬23.1
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5 

W\Z‫א‬1 1;%  

Y21MC‫א‬5*  
j‫אא‬P(t) :GBF2 

(U0 =C7AC,+1 C*)DC,+1 ES(t)+U0 :GBF1
Y11MC‫א‬5*: 
7‫א‬−!,X:‫א‬

J }‫!(א‬,XK) US(t) H?7:W\Z‫א‬1 C7E  
#%YEVAEAf'‫א‬#Z‫!א‬,X:‫א‬$&†DI 
Y#Z‫;א‬r 7.Smin?"#%  Smax?c%

m= 

 

Smax − S min
Smax + Smin :

S max = 3 × 2 = 6V 

 Smin = 1× 2 = 2V 

:k"C*-;  

:E' G? 7mh‫א;א‬6G  

6−2 4 1
m=
= =
6+2 8 2

S max 1V 1
m
=
=
= 

U0
2V 2  

:Y#Z‫;א‬Nnp(331 
:Y#Z‫"!א‬C?C]H 
Y#Z‫;א‬H | 
‫א‬A (S(t) +U0) 
7‫!–א‬,X:‫א‬f 
-EP(t) 
j‫!א‬,X:‫א‬rI‡$ ?
C*!"‫א‬9Y#Z‫א‬$ ? 
.m<1-.‫?א‬ 

m ≥ 1 :  
7‫!–א‬,X:‫א‬5*#Z‫!א‬,X:‫†א‬.]0
C*ˆ?",Y#Z‫א‬$ ? 

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6         

:R^CY#Z5*c_:3IM

m〈1 :Y#Z‫;א‬$ $& 
N P  N S : 
7‫ ""א–א‬H 
Ni E~2& 
j‫  ""אא‬ 

:r _‫א‬o;X? (4.1 
:‰E,R^CY#Z5*cj‫א‬H 
C2p
VAEA‫א‬W'‫ א‬X1MCES(t) +U0 :  
7‫ א –א‬.1 
.VAEA‫א‬W'‫ א‬Y1MCEUS(t)H#Z‫ א א‬.2 
mY#Z‫;א‬N C*‫?א‬7‫א‬5*1c_. 
Y#Z‫א‬7;RD‫א‬0j‫?א‬7XY,>‫א‬#7'‫א‬

@ @µà›nÛa@òÛaŒg@HIII
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7

HFf'E#Z‫*~אא‬n7;‫א‬BF 
7‫!–א‬,X:‫‹"א‬U'‫["א‬KY#Z‫אא‬+KrC ?:&C;‫א‬

RC_X ‫(א‬1.3
RCR‫<א‬n'‫א‬,"(113 
;? (‫!א‬C7‫ א‬ 

Y‫א‬Y;2U;EUm sf'‫ א‬9J }‫ א‬H?7 Um eŒEnf'  9;‫ א‬-; 
:Y‫א‬Y_‫ א‬H?7 Ne MC‫ "" א‬N 
C* H = Us m / Ue m:;‫א‬H?7   

‫""א‬U‫אא‬9‫א א‬6 *5*ZG\‫""אא‬U;E!N 3$ Us m $ ‫אא‬5*RCR2U;E 
.7‫א‬ 
.7‫""אא‬U;E!N 3$ Us m $ k+‫אא‬5*RCR2U;E 
 .7ƒKW?NCH 
3&"" ‫א‬9‫א א‬12o
(la fréquence de coupure)1cG‫ ""א‬NC# 
:J'‫א‬ 
""U‫א‬RD‫""א‬UX 
, "R7?k+‫אא& אא‬5*l‫'א‬RCR‫<א‬nR2  
:ZG\‫""אא‬U, #‫א‬X ‫(א‬213

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8 

5*RCR2 .7‫""אא‬U‫אא‬9‫א‬,X:‫א‬1cG? ZG\ 
‫א ""א‬9‫א‬,XK, #?<E 2R2  
_X ‫א‬H 
‹‫אא‬ATi 
k+‫אא‬ 
7‫""אא‬U, #‫א‬X ‫(א‬313 
5*RCR2 .ZG\‫""אא‬U‫אא‬9‫א‬,X:‫א‬1cG? *‫א ""א‬9‫א‬,XK, #?<E 2R2  
_X ‫א‬H 
‹‫אא‬ATi 
‫אא‬
(Détecteur d’enveloppe)rI ‫א‬vX2(23 
5#?R‫*א‬E,$ ?k+‫אא‬5*RCR‫<א‬nf 
<n=#3R2 .f'EH#Z‫ א‬k7‫א‬l>‫א‬rI ‫א‬vX2r 7 
.rI ‫א‬vX2 

f'E(W‫א‬. C?CE)H#Z‫א א‬rI‡US  ‫א‬1iL
‘Redressement’ ‫א‬W?<i‫=א‬#c‫א‬, "$K  

X 
k&'6#‫'& א‬GcE=?vi ‫א‬#E     

CrI‡vX25*cj‫ )א‬X(33 
!N 3|‫א‬9!,‫א‬C‫א‬J { ‫א‬$ ?$&R^،CrI‡5*c_ 
‫ א )א‬.R^@9-_ #Z‫!א‬,X:‫א‬1 XHD&G Ef;? 

TP << τ < TS

fS < 1/τD << FP 

.f'E(W‫א‬. C?CE)H#Z‫א א‬, "TS 1 
j‫א א‬, "Tp 

Y#Z‫אא‬+K(34 

U0 ! #‫;א‬2 ‫א‬rADWn‫א‬C$ ?$& H#Z‫א א‬rI‡v2R^،Y#Z‫אא‬+: 
.7‫""אא‬UX 
#7'‫א‬R^!NM`‫א‬qArAj
U0 ! #‫;א‬2 ‫אא‬+KC2 vi ‫א‬, "

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9

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