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MATEMATIK SPM KERTAS 2

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Quadratics Equations

2003 P2 Q1 2004 P2 Q7 Solve the equations 3x 2 = 2(x 1) + 7 Solve the equations

2m 2 + 5m =2 m +1

5 , 1 3 1 , 2 2

2005 P2 Q1

2k 2 5 = 3k 3

3x (x 1) =x +6 2

1 ,5 2 4 ,3 3 3 , 5 4

2006 P2 Q3

2007 P2 Q3

Extra exercise

1 2 Solve the equations 5x 2 = 6(x 3) + 26 Solve the equations

3p 2 + 4 p =2 p +4

4 ,2 5 4 , 2 3

2003 P2 Q2 2004 P2 Q5 Calculate the values of k and w that satisfy the following simultaneous equations: 2k 3w = 10 and 4k + w = 1 Calculate the values of p and q that satisfy the following simultaneous equations: 1 p 2q = 13 and 3p + 4q = 2 2 Calculate the values of p and q that satisfy the following simultaneous equations: 2p 3q = 13 and 4p + q = 5 Calculate the values of x and y that satisfy the following simultaneous equations: 3 x + 2y = 6 and x y = 7 2 Calculate the values of g and h that satisfy the following simultaneous equations: g + 2h = 1 and 4g 3h = 18

k=

1 ,w = 3 2

p = 6,q = 5

2005 P2 Q2 2006 P2 Q4

p = 2,q = 3 x = 2,y = 4

2007 P2 Q2

g = 3,h = 2

Extra Exercise

1 Calculate the values of p and q that satisfy the following simultaneous equations: 1 p + q = 1 and p 2q = 17 3 Calculate the values of p and q that satisfy the following simultaneous equations: 3p q = 10 and p 3q = 10

p = 9,q = 4

p=

5 5 ,q = 2 2

2

Mathematical Reasoning

2003 P2 Q8

(a) Is the following a statement or a non-statement. 4 is a prime number (b) Write down two implications based on the following statement:

P R if and only if P R

The number of subsets in a set with 2 elements is 22. The number of subsets in a set with 3 elements is 23. The number of subsets in a set with 4 elements is 24. (c) Based on the information above, make a general conclusion by induction regarding the number of subsets in a set with k elements. 2004 P2 Q4 (a) State whether the following statement is true or false. 8 > 7 or 32 = 6 (b) Write down two implications based on the following statement: m 3 = 1000 if and only if m = 10 (c) Write down premise 2 to complete the following argument: Premise 1: All hexagons have six sides. Premise 2: ______________________________________. Conclusion: PQRSTU has six sides. 2005 P2 Q8 (a) State whether each of the following statement is true or false. (i) (ii) 8 2 = 4 and 82 = 16. The elements of set A = {12, 15 18} are divisible by 3 or the elements of set B = {4, 6, 8} are multiple of 4.

(b) Write down premise 2 to complete the following argument: Premise 1: If x is greater than zero, then x is a positive number. Premise 2: ______________________________________. Conclusion: 6 is a positive number. (c) Write down two implications based on the following statement: 3m > 15 if and only if m > 5 2006 P2 Q6 (a) Complete each of the following statements using the quantifier all and some so that it will become a true statement. (i) _____________ of the prime numbers are odd numbers. (ii) _____________ pentagons have five sides. (b) State the converse of the following statement and hense determine whether its converse is true or false: If x > 9, then x > 5 (c) Complete the premise in the following argument: Premise 1: If set K is a subset of set L, then K L = L. Premise 2: ______________________________________. Conclusion: Set K is not a subset of set L.

3

2007 P2 Q7

(a) Complete the following statement using the quantifier all and some. To make it a true statement. _____________quadratic equations have two equal roots. (b) Write down premise 2 to complete the following argument: Premise 1: If M is a multiple of 6, then M is a multiple of 3. Premise 2: ______________________________________. Conclusion: 23 is not a multiple of 6. (c) Make a general conclusion by induction for the sequence of numbers 7, 14, 27, which follows the following pattern. 7= 14 = 27 = = 3(2)1 + 1 3(2)2 + 2 3(2)3 + 3 .

(d) Write down two implications based on the following statement: p q > 0 if and only if p > q

Extra Exercise

1 (a) Write two implications from the sentence below.

x y + = 1 if and only if bx + ay = ab . a b

(b) Complete the conclusion and premise in each of the arguments below. Premise 1 : All rectangles have two diagonals of the same length. Premise 2 : A square is a rectangle. Conclusion: 2 (a) Complete the conclusion in the argument below. Premise 1: If a number is a factor of 12, then the number is a factor of 48. Premise 2: 7 is not a factor of 48. Conclusion: (b) Make a general conclusion by induction for the sequence of numbers 10, 35, 70, 115, according to the pattern below: 10 = 5(2)2 10 35 = 5(3)2 10 70 = 5(4)2 10 115 = 5(5)2 10 (c) Determine whether each of the following statements is true or false. (i) 72 = 14 or

3 4

= 0.75

4

Inverse Matrices

2003 P2 Q11

3 -2 1 0 M is a 2 2 matrix where M = 5 -4 0 1 (a) Find the matrix M. (b) Write the following simultaneous linear equations as a matrix equation. 3x 2y = 7

(a)

1 4 2 2 5 3 (b) x = 5,y = 4

2004 P2 Q8 (a) (b)

3 4 6 p The inverse matrix of is m . Find the value of m and p. 5 6 5 3 Using matrices, calculate the value of x and of y that satisfy the following simultaneous linear equations. 3x 4y = 1

5x 6y = 2

2005 P2 Q11

(a) (b)

3 h such that 1 2

1 ,h = 5 11 b) x = 1,y = 3 a) k =

Find the value of k and of h. Using matrices, calculate the value of x and of y that satisfy the following simultaneous linear equations. 2x 5y = 17

x + 3y = 8

2006 P2 Q11

(a)

(b)

1 2 is the inverse matrix of 3 4 . Find the value It is given that 1 n 1 2 2 of n. Write the following simultaneous linear equations as a matrix equation. 3u 4v = 5 u + 2v = 2 Hence, using matrices, calculate the values of u and v.

a) n =

3 2 1 2

b) u = 1,v =

2003 P2 Q11

(a) (b)

1 4 2 n 2 1 0 = , find the value of m and of n. m 5 3 5 4 0 1 Using matrices, calculate the value of x and of y that satisfy the matrices equations: 4 2 x 1 = 5 3 y 2

Given

a) m = 2,n = 3 1 3 b) x = ,y = 2 2

Extra Exercise

M is a 2 x 2 matrix where (a) (b)

4 3 1 0 M = . 2 1 0 1

Find the matrix M. Write the following simultaneous linear equations as a matrix equation. 4x 3y = 26 2x + y = 7 Hence, calculate the values of x and y using matrices.

1 1 3 10 2 4 1 b) x = , y = 8 2 a)

5

Straight Line

2003 P2 Q5 The graph shows that PQ, QR and RS are straight lines. P is on the yaxis, OP is parallel to QR and PQ is parallel to RS. The equation of PQ is 2x + y = 5 . (a) State the equation of the straight line QR. (b) Find the equation of the straight line RS and hence, state its y-intercept. 2004 P2 Q6 OPQR is a parallelogram and O is the origin. (a) Find the equation of the straight line PQ, (b) Find the y-intercept of the straight line QR.

5 2 b) y = 2x + 9, a) x = y int ercept = 9

a) y = 3x 15 b) 20

2005 P2 Q5

Point R lies in the x-axis and pint P lies on the y-axis. Straight line PU is parallel to the x-axis and straight line PR is parallel to straight line ST. The equation of straight line PR is x + 2y = 14 . (a) State the equation of the straight line PU. (b) Find the equation of the straight line ST and hence, state its x-intercept.

a) y = 7 b) y = 1 x 4, 2 x int ercept = 8

2006 P2 Q10

The straight line PQ is parallel to straight line RS. (a) Find the equation of the straight line PQ, (b) Find the x-intercept of the straight line PQ.

a) y = 2x + 11 11 b) 2

2007 P2 Q5

Straight line KL is parallel to the straight line MN. The equation of straight line KL is 2x + y = 4. The points L and N lie on the yaxis. (a) Find the equation of the straight line MN, (b) Find the x-intercept of the straight line MN.

a) y = 2x + 1 1 b) 2

6

Solid Geometry

2003 P2 Q6 Diagram 3 shows a solid formed by combining a right pyramid with a half cylinder on the rectangular plane DEFG. DE = 7 cm, EF = 10 cm and the height of the pyramid is 9 cm. Calculate the volume, in cm , of the 22 solid. [Use = ] 7

3

402

1 cm3 2

2004 P2 Q2

Diagram below shows a solid formed by joining a cone and a cylinder. The diameter of the cylinder and the diameter of the base of the cone are both 7 cm. The volume of the volume 22 3 is 231 cm . By using = , 7 calculate the height, in cm, of the cone.

6 cm

2005 P2 Q6

Diagram below shows a solid cone with radius 9 cm and height 14 cm. A cylinder with radius 3 cm and height 7 cm is taken out of the solid. Calculate the volume, in cm , of the remaining solid. (Use

3

990 cm3

22 ) 7

2006 P2 Q5

Diagram below shows a combined solid consists of a right prism and a right pyramid which are joined at the plane EFGH. V is vertically above the base EFGH. Trapezium ABGF is the uniform cross section of the prism. The height of the pyramid is 8 cm and FG = 14 cm. (a) (b) Calculate the volume, in cm , of the right pyramid. It is given the volume of the combined solid is 584 cm3. Calculate the length, in cm, of AF.

3

a) 224 cm3 b) 5 cm

7

2007 P2 Q11 Diagram shows a solid, formed by joining a cylinder to a right prism. Trapezium AFGB is the uniform crosssection of the prism. AB = BC = 9 cm. The height of the cylinder is 6 cm and its diameter is 7 cm. Calculate the volume, in cm , of the solid. [Use 22 = ] 7

3

987 cm3

Diagram 6 shows the speed-time graph of a particle for a period of 17s. (a) State the length of time, in s, that particle moves with uniform speed. (b) Calculate the rate of change of speed, in ms-2, in the last 4 s. (c) Calculate the value of u, if the total distance travelled in the first 13s is 195m. Diagram 5 shows the distance time graph for the journeys of a car and a bus. The graph JKLM represents the journey of the car and the graph JLN represents the journey of the bus. Both vehicles depart from town T at the same time and travel along the same road. (a) State the length of the time, in hours, during which the car is stationary. (b) Calculate the average speed, in km h-1 of the car over the 2 hour period. (c) At the certain time during the journey, both vehicles are at the same location. (i) Find the distance, in km, between that location and town T. (ii) State the time taken by the bus to reach that location from town T.

a) 7 b) 4 c) 5

1 2

Diagram 5 shows the speedtime graph of a particle for a period of t seconds. (a) State the length of time, in s, that the particle moves with uniform speed. (b) Calculate the rate of change of speed, in ms-2, in the first 5 seconds. (c) Calculate the value of t, if the total distance travelled for the period of t seconds is 148 metres.

a) 7 b) 1.6 c) 16

8

SPM 2006 P2 Q9 Diagram 4 shows the speed time graph for the movement of a particle for a period of 20 seconds. a) State the uniform speed, in ms-1, of the particle. b) The distance traveled by the particle with uniform speed is 84 m. Calculate (i) the value of t. (ii) the average speed, in ms-1 , of the particle for the period of 20 seconds. Diagram shows the distance-time graph of the journey of a bus and taxi. The graph PQRS represents the journey of the bus from town A to town B. The graph JK represents the journey of the taxi from town B to town A. The bus leaves town A and the taxi leaves town B at the same time and they travel along the same road. (a) State the length of time, in minutes, during which the bus is stationary. (b) (i) If the journey starts at 9.00 a.m., at what time do the vehicles meet? (ii) Find the distance, in km, from town B when the vehicles meet.

a) 14 b) (i) 18 (ii) 16

(c) Calculate the average speed, in km h 1, of the bus for the whole journey.

2003 P2 Q7 Diagram below shows two sectors OMN and OPQ with the same centre O and a quadrant QTO with centre Q. OM = 14 cm and QT = 7 22 cm. Using = , calculate, 7 (a) the perimeter of the whole diagrams, (b) the area of the shaded region. a) 53

2 3 1 b) 115 2

2004 P2 Q9

In the below diagram, PQ and PS are arcs of two different circles with centre O. RQ = ST = 7 22 cm and PO = 14 cm. Using = , calculate 7 (a) the area, in cm2 , of the shaded region, (b) the perimeter, in cm, of the whole diagram.

1 2 b) 89.67

a) 248

2005 P2 Q7

Diagram below shows two sectors ORST and OUV with the same centre O. RWO is a semicircle with diameter RO and RO = 2OV . ROV and OUT are straight lines. OV = 7cm 22 , calculate and UOV = 60 . Using = 7 (a) the perimeter , in cm, of the whole diagram. (b) the area, in cm2 , of the shaded region.

a) 64

2 3 b) 154

9

2006 P2 Q8 In the following diagram, OMRN is a quadrant of a circle with centre O and PQ is an arc of another OMP and ORQ are straight lines. OM = 22 , MP = 7 cm and POQ = 60 . Using = 7 calculate a) the perimeter , in cm , of the whole diagram. b) the area , in cm2 , of the shaded region.

a) 46.34 b) 89.83

2007 P2 Q6

The diagram below shows a quadrant OST and semicircle PQR, both with centre O. OS = 21 cm 22 and OP = 14 cm. Using = , calculate 7 a) the area , in cm2 , of the shaded region. b) the perimeter , in cm , of the whole diagram.

a) 243.83 b) 104.33

Probability

2003 P2 Q8

7 22 2 b) 3 a)

Diagram shows the route of a vehicle which carries a group of volunteers. The group consists of 7 male and 5 females who are dropped off at random to sell flags at various points along the routes. (a) If two volunteers are dropped off at Taman Aman, calculate the probanility that both are males. (b) Two volunteers of different gender are dropped off at Taman Aman. If two other volunteers are then dropped off at Taman Sentosa, calculate the probability that at least one of them is female.

2004 P2 Q8

Table shows the number of coupons in two boxes, A and B. The coupons are of various values, RM1, RM2 and RM5. Students are given coupons as an incentive for selling bookmarks. Number of Coupons RM2 6 5

4 25 19 b) 150 a)

Box A B

RM1 1 2

RM5 8 3

Students selling more than 100 bookmarks are given the chance to draw at random a coupon from box A. Students selling less than 100 bookmarks are given the chance to draw at random a coupon from box B. Ali sells 120 bookmarks. Lim sells 52 bookmarks. Find the probability that (a) both of them draw a RM5 coupon, (b) the total value of the two coupons drawn by them is less than RM4.

10

2005 P2 Q9

A group of 5 boys and 4 girls take part in a study on the type of plants found in a reserved forest area. Each day, two pupils are chosen at random to write a report. (a) Calculate the probability that both pupils chosen to write report on the first day are boys. (b) Two boys do write the report on the first day. They are then exempted from writing the report on the second day. Calculate the probability that both pupils chosen to write the report on the second day are of the same gender. In a quiz contest, there are three categories of questions of 5 questions on sport, 3 questions on entertainment and 7 questions on general knowledge. Each question is placed inside an envelope. All of the envelopes are similar and put inside a box. All the participants of the quiz contest are requested to pick at random two envelopes from the box. (a) the first envelope with a sport question and the second envelope with an entertainment question, (b) two envelopes with questions of the same category. Diagram shows ten labeled cards in two boxes.

5 18 3 b) 7 a)

2006 P2 Q7

1 14 34 b) 105 a)

2007 P2 Q8

1 12 5 b) 12 a)

A card is picked at random from each of the boxes. By listing the outcomes, find the probability that (a) both cards are labeled with a number, (b) one card labeled with a number and the other card is labeled with a letter.

2003 P2 Q4 Diagram shows a prim with a horizontal square base HJKL. Trapezium EFLK is the uniform cross-section of the prism. The rectangular surface DEKJ is vertical while the rectangular surface GFLH is inclined. Calculate the angle between the plane DLH and the base HJKL.

36.87 @ 3652'

2003 P2 Q4

The base JKLM is a horizontal rectangle. Q is the midpoint of JM. The apex V is 8 cm vertically above the point Q. Calculate the angle between the line KV and the base JKLM.

11

2003 P2 Q4

Right angled triangle PQR is the uniform cross-section of the prism. Calculate the angle between the plane RTU and the plane PQTU.

33.69 @ 3341'

2006 P2 Q2

The base is a horizontal rectangle. The right angled triangle UPQ is the uniform cross section of the prism. Identify and calculate the angle between the line RU and the base PQRS.

2007 P2 Q4

The base PQRS is a horizontal rectangle. Right angled triangle QRU is the uniform cross-section of the prism. V is the midpoint of PS. Identify and calculate the angle between the line UV and the plane RSTU.

12

Graph of functions

2003 P2 Q12 (a) Complete the following table for the equation y =

4 . x

(a) 4, 2 (c) (i) 2.2 (ii) 1.2 2 3.2 1.25 4 1 (d) y = 2x 3 x = 2.35, 0.85

Answer:

x y 4 1 2.5 1.6 1 0.5 8 0.5 8 1 4

(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 2 units on the y4 for 4 x 4. axis, draw the graph of y = x (c) From your graph, Find (i) the value of y when x = 1.8, (ii) the value of x when y = 34.

Answer:

(i) y = __________ (ii) x = __________ (d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x which 4 satisfy the equation = 2x + 3 for 4 x 4. State these values of x. x

Answer:

x = ___________, x = ___________ 2004 P2 Q12 (a) Table below shows values of x and y which satisfy the equation y = 2x 2 4x 3 . x y 2 k 1 3 0 3 1 5 2 3 3 m 4 13 4.5 19.5 5 27 (a) k = 13, m = 2 (c) (i) 7 (ii) 2.6, 0.5 (d) y = 5x + 20 x = 3.1, 3.2

Calculate the value of k and of m. (b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 2 units on the yaxis, draw the graph of y = 2x 2 4x 3 for 2 x 5. (c) From your graph, Find (i) the value of y when x = 15, (ii) the value of x when y = 0. (d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find a value of x which satisfies the equation 2x 2 + x 23 = 0 for 2 x 5. State this value of x.

Answer:

(a) k = ________ m = ________ (ii) x = ___________

Answer:

x y 2 7 1 0.5 2 1 2 2 3 3 12 4 4.5 33 5 42

(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 units on the yaxis, draw the graph of y = 2x 2 x 3 for 2 x 5. (c) From your graph, Find (i) the value of y when x = 3.6, (ii) the value of x when y = 37.

13

Answer:

(i) y = _______ (ii) x = ________

(d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x which satisfy the equation 2x 2 3x = 10 for 2 x 5. State these values of x.

Answer:

x = ___________ , ____________ 2006 P2 Q13 (a) Complete table in the answer space for the equation y = the values of y when x = 3 and x = 1.5. (b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 units on the y24 axis, draw the graph of y = for 4 x 4. x (c) From your graph, Find (i) the value of y when x = 2.9, (ii) the value of x when y = 13. (d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find a value of x which satisfy the equation 2x 2 + 5x = 24 for 4 x 4. State this value of x. (a) 8, 16 (c) (i) 8 (ii) 1.85 (d) y = 2x + 5 x = 2.45

24 by writing down x

Answer:

(a) x y 4 6 3 2 12 1 24 1 24 1.5 2 12 3 8 4 4

(c) (i) y = __________ (ii) x = __________ (d) x = _____________ 2007 P2 Q12 (a) Complete table in the answer space for the equation y = 6 x 3 by writing down the values of y when x = 2 and x = 2. (b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 units on the yaxis, draw the graph of y = 6 x 3 for 3 x 2.5. (c) From your graph, Find (i) the value of y when x = 1.5, (ii) the value of x when y = 10. (d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find the values of x which satisfy the equation x 3 8x 6 = 0 for 3 x 2.5. State these values of x. (a) 7, 2 (c) (i) 2.5 (ii) 1.6 (d) y = 8x x = 0.8, 2.4

Answer:

(a) x y 3 33 2.5 21.63 2 14 1 0 6 1 5 2 2.5 9.63

14

Statistics

2003 P2 Q14

The data in diagram below shows the donations, in RM, of 40 families to their children's school welfare fund. 40 17 22 23 33 39 27 45 38 30 31 40 20 29 32 24 30 26 28 33 34 35 21 22 34 37 32 32 26 22 35 38 28 39 19 44 27 28 14 35

(a) Using the data in the diagram, and a class interval of RM5, complete the following table. Answer: Donation (RM) 11 15 16 20 Frequency Cumulative frequency

(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to RM 5 on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 families on the y-axis, draw an ogive based on the data. (c) From your ogive in (b), (i) find the third quartile, (ii) hence, explain briefly the meaning of the third quartile. Answer: (i) Third quartile = _____________________ (ii) __________________________________ 2004 P2 Q14 The data in diagram below shows the masses, in kg, of suitcases for a group of tourists. Each tourist has one suitcase. 27 29 27 29 10 18 25 19 22 22 16 33 28 13 19 25 21 20 16 23 14 21 24 24 29 24 26 26 25 27 27 31

(a) Based on the data in the diagram and by using a class interval of 3 , complete the table provided in the answer space. (b) Based on the table in (a), Calculate the estimated mean mass of the suitcases. (c) By using a scale of 2 cm to 3 kg on the x-axis and 2 cm to 1 suitcase on the y-axis, draw a histogram for the data. (d) State one in formation obtained based on the histogram in (c). Answer: (a) Class Interval 10 12 13 15 Frequency Midpoint

(b)

(d)

15

2005 P2 Q14 51 38 43 25 39 44 46 21 34 33 26 28 42 31 31 25 41 23 47 37 36 34 29 40 35 35 30 38 48 38 32 31 39

The data in diagram below shows the marks for an English Language monthly test for 42 pupils. 20 26 23 45 42 22 37 28 54

(a) Using the data in the diagram, and a class interval of 5 marks, complete the following table. Answer: Marks 20 24 25 29 Midpoint 22 Frequency

(b) Based on your table in (a), (i) state the modal class, (ii) calculate the mean marks for the English Language monthly test and give your answer correct to 2 decimal places. Answer (i) (ii)

(c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided. By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 1 pupils on the vertical axis, draw a histogram for the data. 2006 P2 Q14 The data in diagram below shows the donations, in RM, collected by 40 pupils. 49 48 23 22 39 30 27 39 45 34 40 39 26 34 38 30 25 35 24 41 29 34 45 43 37 43 31 40 46 35 38 47 37 33 45 28 3 43 25 40

(a) Based on the data in the diagram and by using a class interval of 5, complete the table in the answer space. (b) Based on the table in (a), Calculate the estimated mean of the donation collected by a pupil. (c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided. By using a scale of 2 cm to RM 5 on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 1 pupil on the vertical axis, draw a frequency polygon for the data. (d) Based on the frequency polygon in (c), state one piece of information about the donations.

(b)

(d)

16

2007 P2 Q16

Table shows the frequency distribution of the mass, in kg, of a group of 80 students. Mass(kg) Frequency 30 34 5 35 39 8 40 44 11 45 49 21 50 54 22 55 59 10 60 64 3 (a) (i) State the modal class (ii) Calculate the estimated mean of the mass of the group of students. (b) Based on table above, complete table in answer space to show the cumulative frequency distribution of the masses. (c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided. By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 kg on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 10 students on the vertical axis, draw an ogive based on the data. (d) 25% of all the students in the group have a mass of less than p kg. These students will be supplied with nutritional food. Using the ogive you have drawn in (c), find the value of p. Answer: (a) (i) (ii) (b) Upper Boundary Cumulative Frequency

(d)

Answers: 2003 (a) Frequency = 1, 3, 6, 10, 11, 7, 2 (c) (i) RM 35 (ii) 75% donation less than RM 35 2004 (a) Frequency = 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 4, 2 (b) 23.19 (d) model class = 25 27 (a) 5, 7, 8, 10, 6, 4, 2 (b) (i) 35 39 (ii) 34.98 (a) Frequency = 5, 6, 8, 10, 7, 4 (b) RM 35.50 (d) Modal class = 36 40 (a) (i) 50 - 54 (ii) 47.56 (d) p = 43

2005

2006

2007

17

Plan and Elevations

2003 P2 Q15 (a) Diagram beside shows a solid right prism with rectangular base FGPN on a horizontal table. EFGHJK is the uniform cross-section of the prism. Rectangle EKLM is an inclined plane. Rectangle JHQR is a horizontal plane. EF, KJ and HG are vertical edges. Draw a full scale plan of the solid.

(b)

A solid cuboid is joined o the prism in the diagram in (a) at the vertical plane PQRLMN. The combined sold is as shown in Diagram 1(ii). The square base FGSW is horizontal. Draw full scale (i) the elevation of the combined solid on a vertical line parallel to FG as viewed from C. (ii) the elevation of the combined solid on a vertical line parallel to GPS as viewed from D.

2004 P2 Q15

(a)

Diagram shows a solid consisting of a cuboid and a half-cylinder which are joined at the plane HJMN. The base GDEF is on a horizontal plane and HJ = 3 cm. Draw to full scale, the elevation of the solid on a vertical plane parallel to DG as viewed from X.

18

(b)

A solid right prism is joined to the solid in the diagram in (a) at the vertical plane ELMW. The combined solid is a shown in diagram 2 below. Trapezium PMWU is the uniform cross-section of the prism and PQRM is an inclined plane. The base DEUTSWFG is on a horizontal plane and EU = 2 cm. Draw to full scale, (i) the plan of the combined solid. (ii) The elevation of the combined solid on a vertical plane parallel to UT as viewed from Y.

2005 P2 Q15

(a) Diagram beside shows a solid right prism with rectangular base PEFN on a horizontal table. The surface EFGHJ is the uniform cross-section of the prism. Rectangle KJHL is an inclined plane and rectangle LHGM is a horizontal plane. JE and GF are vertical edges. Draw full scale, the elevation of the solid on a vertical plane parallel to EF as viewed form X.

(b) A solid right prism with prism crosssection UVWX is removed from the solid in the diagram in (a). The remaining solid is as shown in the diagram beside. Rectangle VSTW is a horizontal plane. UV and XW are vertical edges. VS = 3 cm and SE = 2 cm. Draw full scale, (i) the plane of he remaining solid. (ii) the elevation of the remaining solid on a vertical plane parallel to PE as viewed from Y.

19

2006 P2 Q15 (a) The diagram shows a combined solid of a prism and a cuboid joined together at the vertical plane EHIN and lying on a horizontal table. ABCD is the uniform cross section of the prism. BCFG is a horizontal plane and the base ADKL is a rectangle. Draw a full scale plan of the solid.

(b) A half-cylinder is joined to the solid in (a) at the horizontal plane IJMN. The combined solid is as shown in the diagram below. IJ is the diameter of the half-cylinder. Draw to full scale (i) the elevation as viewed from X (ii) the elevation as viewed from Y.

2007 P2 Q13

(a)

Diagram beside shows a solid right prism with rectangular base ABCD on a horizontal plane. The surface ABJHGF is the uniform cross-section of the prism. AF, HG and BJ are vertical edges. Rectangle JKLH is a horizontal plane and rectangle GMEF is an inclined plane. Draw full scale, the plan of the solid.

(b) A half-cylinder solid of diameter 6 cm is joined to the prism in the diagram in (a) at the plane SKLT. The length of SK is 4 cm. The combined solid is shown in following diagram. Draw full scale, (i) the elevation of the combined solid on a vertical line parallel to AB as viewed from P. (ii) the elevation of the combined solid on a vertical line parallel to BC as viewed from Q.

20

Transformations

2003 P2 Q13

Diagram below shows trapezium ABCD, ABEF, GHJK, and LMNP on a Cartesian plane.

(a)

Transformation R is a reflection about the line y = 3. Transformation T is the translation 2 . State the coordinates of the image of point H under the following transformations: 4 (i) RT (ii) TR

(b)

ABEF is the image of ABCD under transformation V and GHJK is the image of ABEF under

transformation W. Describe in full (i) transformation V (ii) a single transformation which is equivalent to transformation WV.

(c)

(i) (ii) State the coordinates of the centre of the enlargement. Given that the area of LMNP is 325.8 unit , calculate the area of ABCD.

2

2005 P2 Q13

(a)

21

3 Transformation T is the translation . Transformation R is an anticlockwise rotation of 90 1 about the centre (0, 2). (i) State the coordinates of the image of point M under transformation R. (ii) State the coordinates of the image of point N under the following transformation: (a) T2 (b) TR (b) Diagram below shows three quadrilaterals, ABCD, EFGH and PQRS on a Cartesian plane. EFGH is the image of ABCD under transformation V. PQRS is the image of EFGH under transformation W.

(i) (ii)

Describe in full the transformation: (a) V, (b) W. Given that quadrilateral PQRS represents a region of area 45.6 cm2, calculate the area, in cm , of the region represented by the shaded region.

2

2004 P2 Q13

Diagram below shows quadrilaterals, ABCD, PQRS and KLRM, drawn on a Cartesian plane.

(a)

(b)

4 Transformation T is a translation . Transformation V is a reflection in the line y = 1. 2 State the coordinates of the image of point A under each of the following transformations: (i) Translation T, (ii) Combined transformations VT. (i) KLRM is the image of ABCD under the combined transformations WU. Describe in full, the transformation U and the transformation W. (ii) Given that the shaded region KLQPSM represents a region of area 120 m2, calculate the area, in m2, of the region represented by PQRS.

22

2006 P2 Q13 (a)

(b)

3 Transformation T is a translation and transformation P is an anticlockwise rotation of 2 90 about the centre (1, 0). State the coordinates of the image of point (5, 1) under each of following transformations: (i) Rotation P (ii) Translation T (iii) Combined transformations T2. Diagram below shows three quadrilaterals, ABCD, EFGH and JKLM, drawn on a Cartesian plane.

(i)

(ii)

JKLM is the image of ABCD under the combined transformations VU. Describe in full the transformation: (a) U, (b) V. It is given that quadrilateral ABCD represents a region of area 18 m2. Calculate the area, in m2, of the region represented by the shaded region.

2007 P2 Q115

The following diagram shows the quadrilaterals ABCD, EFGH and JKLM drawn on a Cartesian Plane

a)

Transformations R is a rotation of 90 anticlockwise about the centre (0, 2). Transformation P is a reflection in the straight line x = 2. State the coordinates of the image of point A under each of the following transformations: (i) TR, (ii) T 2.

23

(b)

EFGH is the image of ABCD under the combined transformation MN. Describe in full, (i) the transformation M, (ii) the transformation N. JKLM is the image of EFGH under an enlargement at centre (3, 0). (i) State the scale factor of the enlargement. (ii) Given that EFGH represents a region of area 112 m2, calculate the area, in m2, of the region represented by JKLM.

(c)

Answers: 2003 (a) (i) (7, 0) (ii) (7, 8) (b) (i) V = reflection in the line AB. (ii) rotation through 90 anticlockwise about the centre (6, 5). (c) (i) (6, 2) (ii) 36.2 2005 (a) (i) (3, 4) (ii) (a) (2, 1) (b) (2, 3) (b) (i) V = reflection in the line x = 3. W = enlargement with scale factor 2 about the centre (1, 2). (ii) 34.2 (a) (i) (2, 4) (ii) (2, 2) (b) (i) U = rotation through 90 clockwise about the centre (0, 1). W = enlargement with scale factor 3 about the centre R. (ii) 15 (a) (i) (0, 4) (ii) (2, 3) (iii) (1, 5) (b) (i) U = reflection in the line x = 1. V = enlargement with scale factor 3 about the centre (2, 4). (ii) 144 (a) (i) (3, 5) (ii) (3, 3) (b) (i) M = enlargement with scale factor 2 about the centre (3, 0). (ii) rotation through 180 about the point (2, 4). 1 (ii) 28 (c) (i) 2

2004

2006

2007

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