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Biomass Supported Solar Thermal Hybrid Power Plant

This IEEE Seminar Topic on Biomass Supported Solar Thermal Hybrid Power Plant discusses about the use of non-renewable energy cause environmental pollution and also they gets depleted. Pollution free freely available renewable sources are best alternative. Solar power plants are widely used but its main problem is variability. Biomass plants are also used but its fuel availability in large amount is difficult. To overcome the disadvantages of both power plants they are combined. By shared use of some of the e!uipments effective cost is less than simple addition. Effective operating hours and therefore overall energy generation is higher. Hence this can be considered as technology for future.

"eed of solar thermal power plant is increasing due to increased fuel cost and environmental pollution. #or$ing similar to conventional thermal power plant. Steam is generated through solar thermal energy instead of fossil fuel.
%ethodologies &sed
Parabolic Trough 'ollector System Parabolic (ish )ocus System 'entral *eceiver System

Parabolic Trough

In the above diagram we can see that how a parabolic collector focuses sunlight in to focal point. It is the most cost effective and reliable among the three. It is constructed as a long parabolic trough-shaped mirror generally made of polished metal. Heat transfer fluid +usually oil, runs through the tube to absorb the concentrated sunlight.
Parabolic Dish

Trac$s the sun by rotating about two a-es and rays are brought to a point focus. *eceiver is placed at the focus. #or$ing fluid in the receiver gets heated. &sing this heat steam is produced. Steam drives a prime mover to generate electricity.

Central Receiver System

Solar radiation reflected from arrays of large mirrors which are called heliostats is concentrated on a receiver situated at the top of a supporting tower. . molten salt is used as wor$ing fluid and medium of thermal storage. It 'ollects thermal energy from sunrise. #hen obtained energy is insufficient stored energy is used. Hence constant electrical output is obtained. Stored energy will be depleted sooner and thereafter no energy production.

Proposed Solution

Proposed Biomass Supported STPP for Stable and 'ontinuous /peration should have 0arge amount of budget will be re!uired for building of large storage system. Biomass supported plant can contribute to generate electrical energy continuously. .n au-iliary boiler is used to heat water whose fuel is provided from the biomass plant. Solar thermal power plant with an au-iliary boiler in addition an au-iliary boiler is placed. )uel to boiler is provided from the biomass plant. Steam from the boiler is given to the turbine in case of insufficient solar radiation. Storage energy of STHPP remain almost constant throughout the day. So the electrical energy produced is stable and continuous.