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Contract No.

CB / PD / 1105

LIGHTING CALCULATION FOR NEW PACKAGED


(ZONAL CAVITY METHOD)

Project: KNPC VACUUM RE-RUN REVAMP


PROJECT
DOC. NO. 9063B-004-A4111-001
Page

Rev. B
GENERAL INFORMATION
Location: B122/2 Substation
Area to be lighted: 3.3KV Switchgear Room
Design level of illumination:

23 fc (initial)
15 fc (service)

luminaire

DESCRIPTION OF AREA AND LUMINAIRE

hcc
ceiling

Dimensions

hrc
floor

Room Length.
11.96 m (39 ft)

hfc

Room Width.6.60 m (22 ft)


Height of Room between luminaire and work plane (hrc). : 1.5 m (4.92 ft)
Distance from luminaire plane to ceiling (hcc).. .5 m (1.64 ft)
Height of work plane above floor (hfc) 1 m ( 3.28 ft)

Room Surface Reflectances

Luminaire

Ceiling80%

Manufacturer.
Thorn

Walls above luminaire plane 50%


Walls between luminarie and workplane50%

Catalog No. PP236


No. & Type lamps.. 2 x 36W

Walls below work plane 50%

Lumens/Lamp : 2650

20%
Floor

Maint. Factor....... :

SELECTION OF COEFFICIENT OF UTILIZATION


1. Determine cavity ratios by formula:

Ceiling Cavity Ratio (CCR): =

5 x hcc x (L + W)
(L x W)
5 x 1.64 x (39 + 22)
(39 x 22)

Room Cavity Ratio (RCR): =

= .58 or .60

5 x hrc x (L + W)
(L x W)
5 x 4.92 x (39 + 22)
(39 x 22)

= 1.75 or 1.8

2. Obtain effective ceiling cavity reflectances (pcc) from Table A; pcc =

71%

3. Obtain effective floor cavity reflectances (pfc) from Table A; pfc =

19%

4. Find coefficient of utilization from published data (for pfc=20%) C.U. =

0.66

using RCR, pcc and wall reflectance.


Foot Candle x Area of Room (Sq. ft)

No.of fixture required =

Lamps/Fixture x lumens/lamp x c.u. x m.f.

= 8 LUMINAIRES

23 x (22 x 39)
2 x 2650 x .66 x .7

70%

Flourescent lamp

work plane

2 of 8

Contract No. CB / PD / 1105

LIGHTING CALCULATION FOR NEW PACKAGED


(ZONAL CAVITY METHOD)

Project: KNPC VACUUM RE-RUN REVAMP


PROJECT
DOC. NO. 9063B-004-A4111-001
Page

Rev. B
GENERAL INFORMATION
Location: B122/2 Substation
B

Area to be lighted: Low Voltage Room


Design level of illumination:

23 fc (initial)
15 fc (service)

luminaire

DESCRIPTION OF AREA AND LUMINAIRE

hcc
ceiling

Dimensions

hrc
floor

Room Length.
16.538 m (54 ft)

hfc

Room Width.6.60 m (22 ft)


Height of Room between luminaire and work plane (hrc). : 1.5 m (4.92 ft)
Distance from luminaire plane to ceiling (hcc).. .5 m (1.64 ft)
Height of work plane above floor (hfc) 1 m ( 3.28 ft)

Room Surface Reflectances

Luminaire

Ceiling80%

Manufacturer.
Thorn

Walls above luminaire plane 50%


Walls between luminarie and workplane50%

Catalog No. PP236


No. & Type lamps.. 2 x 36W

Walls below work plane 50%

Lumens/Lamp : 2650

20%
Floor

Maint. Factor....... :

SELECTION OF COEFFICIENT OF UTILIZATION


1. Determine cavity ratios by formula:

Ceiling Cavity Ratio (CCR): =

5 x hcc x (L + W)
(L x W)
5 x 1.64 x (54 + 22)

= .52 or .5

(54 x 22)
Room Cavity Ratio (RCR): =

5 x hrc x (L + W)
(L x W)
5 x 4.92 x (54 + 22)

= 1.57

(54 x 22)

2. Obtain effective ceiling cavity reflectances (pcc) from Table A; pcc =

73%

3. Obtain effective floor cavity reflectances (pfc) from Table A; pfc =

19%

4. Find coefficient of utilization from published data (for pfc=20%) C.U.


using RCR, pcc and wall reflectance.
Foot Candle x Area of Room (Sq. ft)

No.of fixture required =

Lamps/Fixture x lumens/lamp x c.u. x m.f.

23 x (54 x 18)
2 x 2650 x .66 x .7

= 11.15 or 12 LUMINAIRES

0.66

70%

Flourescent lamp

work plane

3 of 8

Contract No. CB / PD / 1105

LIGHTING CALCULATION FOR NEW PACKAGED


(ZONAL CAVITY METHOD)

Project: KNPC VACUUM RE-RUN REVAMP


PROJECT
DOC. NO. 9063B-004-A4111-001
Page

Rev. B
GENERAL INFORMATION
Location: B122/2 Substation
Area to be lighted: Fire Fighting Gas Cylinder Room
Design level of illumination:

23 fc (initial)
15 fc (service)

luminaire

DESCRIPTION OF AREA AND LUMINAIRE

hcc
ceiling

Dimensions

hrc
floor

Room Length.
2.50 m (8 ft)

hfc

Room Width.1.50 m (5 ft)


Height of Room between luminaire and work plane (hrc). : 1.5 m (4.92 ft)
Distance from luminaire plane to ceiling (hcc).. .5 m (1.64 ft)
Height of work plane above floor (hfc) 1 m ( 3.28 ft)

Room Surface Reflectances

Luminaire

Ceiling80%

Manufacturer.
Thorn

Walls above luminaire plane 50%


Walls between luminarie and workplane50%

Catalog No. PP236


No. & Type lamps.. 2 x 36W

Walls below work plane 50%

Lumens/Lamp : 2650

20%
Floor

Maint. Factor....... :

SELECTION OF COEFFICIENT OF UTILIZATION


1. Determine cavity ratios by formula:

Ceiling Cavity Ratio (CCR): =

5 x hcc x (L + W)
(L x W)
5 x 1.64 x (8 + 5)
(8 x 5)

Room Cavity Ratio (RCR): =

= .2.67

5 x hrc x (L + W)
(L x W)
5 x 4.92 x (8 + 5)
(8 x 5)

= 8.0

2. Obtain effective ceiling cavity reflectances (pcc) from Table A; pcc =

49%

3. Obtain effective floor cavity reflectances (pfc) from Table A; pfc =

16%

4. Find coefficient of utilization from published data (for pfc=20%) C.U. =

0.58

using RCR, pcc and wall reflectance.


Foot Candle x Area of Room (Sq. ft)

No.of fixture required =

Lamps/Fixture x lumens/lamp x c.u. x m.f.

= .4 or 1 LUMINAIRE

23 x (8 x 5)
2 x 2650 x .58 x .7

70%

Flourescent lamp

work plane

4 of 8

Contract No. CB / PD / 1105

LIGHTING CALCULATION FOR NEW PACKAGED


(ZONAL CAVITY METHOD)

Project: KNPC VACUUM RE-RUN REVAMP


PROJECT
DOC. NO. 9063B-004-A4111-001
Page

Rev. B
GENERAL INFORMATION
Location: B122/2 Substation
B

Area to be lighted: Battery Room


Design level of illumination:

23 fc (initial)
15 fc (service)

luminaire

DESCRIPTION OF AREA AND LUMINAIRE

hcc
ceiling

Dimensions

hrc

work plane

floor

Room Length.
2.40 m (7.87 ft)

hfc

Room Width.2.05 m (6.7 ft)


Height of Room between luminaire and work plane (hrc). : 1.5 m (4.92 ft)
Distance from luminaire plane to ceiling (hcc).. .5 m (1.64 ft)
Height of work plane above floor (hfc) 1 m ( 3.28 ft)

Room Surface Reflectances

Luminaire

Ceiling80%

Manufacturer.
Thorn

Walls above luminaire plane 50%


Walls between luminarie and workplane50%

Catalog No. Petrelux 7, P7236 /HF


No. & Type lamps.. 2 x 36W Flourescent lamp

Walls below work plane 50%

Lumens/Lamp : 2650

20%
Floor

Maint. Factor....... :

SELECTION OF COEFFICIENT OF UTILIZATION


1. Determine cavity ratios by formula:

Ceiling Cavity Ratio (CCR): =

5 x hcc x (L + W)
(L x W)
5 x 1.64 x (7.87 + 6.7)
(7.87 x 6.6)

Room Cavity Ratio (RCR): =

2.26

5 x hrc x (L + W)
(L x W)
5 x 4.92 x (7.87 + 6.7)
(7.87 x 6.7)

= 6.8

2. Obtain effective ceiling cavity reflectances (pcc) from Table A; pcc =

53%

3. Obtain effective floor cavity reflectances (pfc) from Table A; pfc =

16%

4. Find coefficient of utilization from published data (for pfc=20%) C.U. =

0.58

using RCR, pcc and wall reflectance.


Foot Candle x Area of Room (Sq. ft)

No.of fixture required =

Lamps/Fixture x lumens/lamp x c.u. x m.f.

= .56 or 1 LUMINAIRE

23 x (7.87 x 6.7)
2 x 2650 x .58 x .7

70%

5 of 8

Contract No. CB / PD / 1105

LIGHTING CALCULATION FOR NEW PACKAGED


SUBSTATION B122/2
(POINT BY POINT METHOD)

Project: KNPC VACUUM RE-RUN REVAMP


PROJECT
DOC. NO. 9063B-004-A4111-001
Page

Rev. B
GENERAL INFORMATION
Location: B122/2 Substation
Area to be lighted: Walkways and stairs area
Design level of illumination:

3.3 fc (initial)
2 fc (service)

wall
luminaire

DESCRIPTION OF AREA AND LUMINAIRE


Dimensions

Length (L) . :

2.3 m (6.89 ft)

Height (H) . :

3 m (9.84 ft)

Distance (D) .... :

3.66 m (12 ft)

Luminaire
Manufacturer.. :

Thorn

Catalog No. .... :


No. & Type lamps... :

DBV1040
1 x 70W Son-E High Pressure Sodium lamp

Lumens/Lamp :

5800

Maint. Factor....... :

70%

Candle Power.:

870

Foot candle computation:


fc = CP x H x LLF
D
where:
fc - Foot Candles
CP - Candle Power of Luminaire
H - Mounting Height
D - Distance
LLF - Light Loss Factor or Maintenance Factor
fc = 870 x 9.84 x .7
(12)
= 3.47 fc
* Since the foot candle computed is larger than the design level of illumination (3.47 > 3.3)
then the lamp proposed is adequate.

floor

6 of 8

Contract No. CB / PD / 1105

LIGHTING CALCULATION FOR NEW PACKAGED


SUBSTATION B122/2
(POINT BY POINT METHOD)

Project: KNPC VACUUM RE-RUN REVAMP


PROJECT
DOC. NO. 9063B-004-A4111-001
Page

Rev. B
GENERAL INFORMATION
Location: B122/2 Substation
Area to be lighted: Transformer Area
Design level of illumination:

3.3 fc (initial)
2 fc (service)

wall
luminaire

DESCRIPTION OF AREA AND LUMINAIRE


Dimensions

Length (L) . :

5.9 m (19.35 ft)

Height (H) . :

4.5 m (14.76 ft)

Distance (D) .... :

7.42 m (24.34 ft)

Luminaire
Manufacturer.. :

Thorn

Catalog No. .... :


No. & Type lamps... :

Sonpak 7/15 OT100T.4


1 x 100W HPS-T High Pressure Sodium Lamp

Lumens/Lamp :

9,200

Maint. Factor....... :

70%

Candle Power.:

5,520

Foot candle computation:


fc = CP x H x LLF
D
where:
fc - Foot Candles
CP - Candle Power of Luminaire
H - Mounting Height
D - Distance
LLF - Light Loss Factor or Maintenance Factor
fc = 5,520 x14.76 x .7
(20.87)
= 3.96 fc
* Since the foot candle computed is larger than the design level of illumination (3.96 > 3.3)
then the lamp proposed is adequate.

floor

7 of 8

Contract No.CB/PD/1105
Project: KNPC VACUUM RERUN REVAMP PROJECT

LIGHTING CALCULATION FOR NEW PACKAGED


SUBSTATION B122/2

Doc. No.9063B-004-A4111-001
Rev. B

Page 8 of 8

TABLE A - EFFECTIVE CAVITY REFLECTANCES


% Ceiling or Floor
Reflectance

Ceiing or Floor Cavity Ratio

% Wall Reflectance
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
5

90

80

70

50

30

20

10

90

70

50

30

80

70

50

30

70

50

30

70

50

30

65

50

30

10

50

30

10

50

30

10

90
90
89
89
88
88
88
88
87
87
86
86
86
85
85
85
85
84
84
84
83
83
83
83
82
82
82
82
81
81
81
80
80
80
80
79
79
79
79
78
78
78
78
78
77
77
77
77
76
76
76

90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
79
78
78
77
76
75
74
73
73
72
71
70
69
68
68
67
66
66
65
64
64
63
62
62
61
60
60
59
59
58
57
57
56
56
55
55
54
54
53
53

90
88
86
85
83
81
80
78
77
76
74
73
72
70
69
68
66
65
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
48
47
46
45
45
44
43
43
42
41
41
40
40
39
38
38

90
87
85
83
81
78
76
74
73
71
69
67
65
64
62
61
59
58
56
55
53
52
51
50
48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
35
34
33
32
32
31
30
30
29
29
28
28
27

80
79
79
78
78
77
77
76
75
75
74
74
73
73
72
72
71
71
70
70
69
69
68
68
67
67
66
66
66
65
65
64
64
64
63
63
62
62
62
61
61
60
60
60
59
59
59
58
58
58
57

80
79
78
77
76
75
75
74
73
72
71
71
70
69
68
68
67
66
65
65
64
63
63
62
61
61
60
60
59
58
58
57
57
56
56
55
54
54
53
53
52
52
51
51
51
50
50
49
49
49
48

80
78
77
75
74
73
71
70
69
68
66
65
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
48
47
46
45
44
44
43
42
42
41
40
40
39
39
38
38
37
37
36
36
35
35

80
78
76
74
72
70
68
66
65
63
61
60
58
57
55
54
53
52
50
49
48
47
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
38
37
36
35
34
33
33
32
31
30
30
29
29
28
28
27
26
26
25
25
25

70
69
68
68
67
66
65
65
64
63
63
62
61
61
60
59
59
58
57
57
56
56
55
54
54
53
53
52
52
51
51
50
50
49
49
48
48
48
47
47
46
46
46
45
45
45
44
44
44
44
43

70
69
67
66
65
64
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
46
45
44
43
43
42
41
40
40
39
39
38
38
37
37
36
36
35
35
34
34
34
33
33
33
32
32
32

70
68
66
64
63
61
59
58
56
55
53
52
50
49
48
47
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
33
32
31
30
30
29
29
28
27
27
26
26
25
25
25
24
24
24
23
23
23
22

50
59
49
49
48
48
47
47
47
46
46
46
45
45
45
44
44
44
43
43
43
43
42
42
42
41
41
41
41
40
40
40
40
39
39
39
39
38
38
38
38
37
37
37
37
37
36
36
36
36
36

50
49
48
47
46
46
45
44
43
43
42
41
41
40
40
39
39
38
37
37
37
36
36
35
35
34
34
33
33
33
32
32
31
31
31
30
30
30
29
29
29
28
28
28
27
27
27
26
26
26
26

50
48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
32
31
30
29
29
28
27
27
26
26
28
25
24
24
23
23
22
22
21
21
21
20
20
20
19
19
19
19
18
18
18
18
17

30
30
30
30
30
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
27
27
27
27
27
27
27
27
27
27
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
25
25
25
25
25
25

30
30
29
29
29
28
28
28
27
27
27
26
26
26
26
28
25
25
25
25
24
24
24
24
24
23
23
23
23
23
22
22
22
22
22
22
21
21
21
21
21
21
20
20
20
20
20
20
19
19
19

30
29
29
28
27
27
26
26
25
25
24
24
23
23
22
22
21
21
21
20
20
20
19
19
19
18
18
18
18
17
17
17
16
16
16
16
15
15
15
15
15
14
14
14
14
14
14
13
13
13
13

30
29
28
27
26
25
25
24
23
22
22
21
20
20
19
18
18
17
17
16
16
16
15
15
14
14
13
13
13
12
12
12
11
11
11
11
10
10
10
10
9
9
9
9
8
8
8
8
8
7
7

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
20
19
19
19
19
18
19
19
19
19
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17

20
20
20
19
19
19
18
18
18
17
17
17
16
16
16
16
15
15
15
15
15
15
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
13
13
13
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11

20
20
19
18
18
17
17
16
16
15
15
15
14
14
13
13
13
12
12
11
11
11
11
11
10
10
9
9
9
9
9
9
8
8
8
8
8
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
14
14

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

10
10
9
9
9
9
9
8
8
8
8
8
7
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4