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THEORY AND RESEARCH

Stress and its Effects on the Caring Behaviors of Nurses in the Intensive Care Unit of Saint Pau Hos!ita Statement of the Problem 1. What is the socio-demographic profile of the respondents in terms of: 1.1. Number of Years of Service in IC at SP! 1.". #ender 1.".1. $ale 1.".". %emale ". ". What are the factors associated &ith stress in terms of: ".1. Number of Patients ".". Shift ".'. Wor( )rea ".*. +nvironment ".,. Peers '. What are the effects of stress perceived b- the respondents on their caring behavior. *. What is the degree of effect of stress perceived b- the respondents on their caring behavior &hen grouped according to the above mentioned demographic profile and factors associated &ith stress. /ationale Stress is a feeling that0s created &hen &e react to particular events. It0s the bod-0s &a- of rising to a challenge and preparing to meet a tough situation &ith focus1 strength1 stamina1 and heightened alertness. 2he events that provo(e stress are called stressors1 and the- cover a &hole range of situations ever-thing from outright ph-sical danger to ma(ing a class presentation or ta(ing a semester0s &orth of -our toughest sub3ect 4http:55&&&.(idshealth.org5teen5-our6mind5emotions5stress.html7. Stress is one of the most significant problems that affect men. )ccording to the 2ime $aga8ine9s :une ;1 1<=' cover stor- called stress >2he +pidemic of the +ighties>1 &as referred to it as our leading health problem. ) 1<<; Prevention maga8ine surve- found that almost ?,@ feel the- have >great stress> one da- a &ee( &ith one out of three indicating the- feel this &a- more than t&ice a &ee(. In the same 1<=' surve- onl- ,,@ said the- felt under great stress on a &ee(lbasis. It has been estimated that ?, - <A percent of all visits to primar- care ph-sicians are for stress related problems. 4http:55&&&.nlm.nih.gov5medlineplus5stress.html7.

Bb3ective 2he stud- aims to loo( into the stress and its effects on the caring behaviors of nurses in the Intensive Care nit of Saint Paul !ospital. 2he stud- &as conducted bmainl- loo(ing into the effects of stress in the caring behaviors of IC nurses to&ard their patients in the Intensive Care nit. Significance of the Stud2he follo&ing &ould be benefited from the stud-: Students. 2he stud- also aims in educating the students particularl- the ones &ho are stud-ing nursing and are interested in (no&ing the effects of stress to their behavior and cognitive abilities. 2his could also provide them information that could help them if the- &ant to pursue stud- related to such. Clinical Instructors52eachers. Within their role as educators in an institution this stud- could generate some &a-s to alleviate such factor as stress in order for their students be able to grasp (no&ledge as to their o&n capabilities. )nd also this ma- serve as support in some &a-s &hen their students undergo such stress. Parents. )s the main foundation of their child9s &hole being this stud- &ill impart to them that ma- pla- a role in ma(ing their student life stress-free &ith the help of their support that &ould ma(e their children to gro& as a holistic individual in the near future. !ealth Care Providers. We can9t undermine the roles of health care providers. 2he- are the people &hom &e can professionall- trust in terms to our medical needs. 2his research stud- could then be of help to reali8e the significance of the effects of stress on the behavior and cognitive abilities particularl- nursing students. 2heir (no&ledge specificall- on the field of nursing &ould also increase that could help in ma(ing better care plans for the famil- &ho has stressed members. 2he- could also help in educating other families and parents regarding their participation of the &hole famil- in times of stress.

I"! ications of Hu"an Caring Attitudes on the Recover# of Post $ O!erative Patients at Caga#an %a e# &edica Center

/ationale of the StudStatement of the problem 2he stud- &as conducted to find out the implications of human caring attitudes on the recover- process of post C operative patients at Caga-an Dalle$edical Center. Specificall-1 this stud- sought to ans&er the follo&ing Euestions: 1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of: 1.1.)ge 1.".#ender 1.'.2-pe of surgerIs there a significant relationship bet&een human caring attitudes and the recover- of post C operative patients. What is the assessment of respondents in terms of the follo&ing: '.1. Ph-siologic aspect '.". Ps-chologic aspect '.'. Intellectual aspect

". '.

Bb3ectives 2he stud- aimed to determine the implications of human caring attitudes on the recover- of post C operative patients at Caga-an Dalle- $edical Center. 2he ob3ective &as achieved b- loo(ing into the ph-siologic1 ps-chologic and intellectual areas of post C operative patients after receiving given coupled &ith human caring attitudes. Significance of the StudNurses. 2he findings &ill serve as a guide in assisting patients especiall- the post C operative through recover-. Nursing Students. 2he results of this stud- &ill help them the importance of inculcating human caring attitudes in assisting their patients in the process of recover- as eFemplified in their related learning eFperience. /esearchers. 2he outcome of this stud- can also single out definite bases on &hich to premise changes and improvements in the researches of nurses and health providers. The Effectiveness of One to One Nurse $ Patient Contact a"ong Schi'o!hrenic Patients at Ps#chiatric (ard of Caga#an %a e# &edica Center

/ationale of the StudStatement of the problem 2he stud- &as conducted to find out the effectiveness of one to one nurse C patient contact among schi8ophrenic patients at the ps-chiatric &ard of Caga-an Dalle- $edical Center. Specificall-1 it aims to ans&er the follo&ing Euestions: 1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of: 1.1.#ender 1.".)ge 1.'.Gength of confinement ". Is there a significant difference in the assessment of respondents &hen grouped according to the profile variables. ".1.#ender ".".)ge ".'.Gength of confinement '. What is the assessment of the respondents in terms of: '.1.Ph-siologic aspect '.".+motional aspect '.'.$ental aspect *. 2o &hat eFtent is the impact of one to one nurse C patient contact among the respondents. Bb3ectives 2he ob3ective of the stud- is to loo( into the effectiveness of reinforcing one to one nurse C patient contact among schi8ophrenic patients at the ps-chiatric &ard of Caga-an Dalle- $edical Center. Significance of the Stud2he data gathered from the stud- &ill be of practical value particularl- to the follo&ing: Nurses. 2he outcome of this stud- &ill help nurses to illumine their idea on the concept of one to one nurse C patient contact. %urther1 it &ill help them reali8e the importance of reinforcing such techniEue in the &or( field.

/esearchers. 2his stud- &ill serve as a basis for future researches in conducting related studies.

The Effect of P a# Thera!# on the Recover# of Patients at Pediatric (ard of St) Pau Hos!ita /ationale of the Stud-

Statement of the problem 2his stud- &as conducted to find out the effect of pla- therap- on the recover- of patients at the pediatric &ard of St. Paul !ospital. Specificall-1 it sought to ans&er the follo&ing Euestions: 1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of: 1.1.)ge 1.".#ender 1.'.Number of hospitali8ation 1.*.2-pe of disease ". Is there a significant relationship bet&een the effect of pla- therap- and the recover- of the respondents. '. Is there a significant difference in the assessment of respondents &hen grouped according to profile variables. '.1.)ge '.".#ender '.'.Number of hospitali8ation '.*.2-pe of disease *. What is the effect of pla- therap- on the recover- of the respondents. ,. 2o &hat eFtent is the effect of pla- therap- on the recover- of the respondents. Bb3ectives 2he stud- aimed to determine the effectiveness of pla- therap- on the recover- of patients at the pediatric &ard of St. Paul !ospital. 2he ob3ective &as achieved b- loo(ing into the profile variables that has a significant impact on the recover- of the patients. Significance of the Stud2he data gathered from the stud- &ill be of practical value particularl- to the follo&ing: Nurses. 2he findings of this stud- &ill help them recogni8e the effects of platherap- on ho& it helps to&ard recover- process. /esearchers. 2his stud- &ill serve as a basis for future researches in conducting related studies.

Stress &anage"ent of Nurses in the E"ergenc# De!art"ent of St) Pau Hos!ita * Its Effect on the Care of Patients /ationale of the StudStatement of the problem

2he stud- loo(ed into the stress management of nurses in the emergencdepartment of St. Paul !ospital and its effect on the care given to patient. Specificall-1 it sought to ans&er the follo&ing Euestions. ". What is the profile of the respondents in terms of: 1.1. #ender 1.". Wor( shift 1.'. Gength of service '. Is there a significant relationship bet&een the stress management of the respondents and the care given to their patients. *. What is the stress level of the respondents &hen grouped according to their profile variables in terms of: '.1. #ender '.". Wor( shift '.'. Years of service *. What are the sources of stress among the Intensive Care nurses. ,. What management that is instituted b- Intensive Care to cope &ith the stress the- are eFperiencing. Bb3ectives 2he stud- aimed to determine the stress management instituted b- nurses in the emergenc- department of St. Paul !ospital to combat stress in their &or( field and its corresponding effect on the care rendered to the patients. 2he ob3ective &as achieved b- loo(ing into the variables that causes stress to the respondents that mainl- affects the (ind of care given to the patients. Significance of the Stud2he data gathered from the stud- &ill be of practical value particularl- to the follo&ing: Nurses. 2hrough this stud-1 the- &ill gain some ideas on ho& to manage their stress so that proper care &ill be given to their patients. !ospital )dministrators. 2he- &ill gain some insights on ho& to assist IC nurses in coping &ith stress in their &or( field. %uture researchers. 2he- can use this stud- as basis in conducting other related studies. nit 4IC 7

nit 4IC 7 Nurses

ANA+YSIS O, THE &ODE+


1. !ealth Care S-stem $odel 2he model sho&s that one concern of nursing is to prevent stress invasion and to protect the clients basic structure and obtain or maintain a maFimum level of &ellness. ". !uman Caring 2heor-

2he human caring theor- is one of the basis of the collaborative care model as it pictures transpersonal caring transactions that help persons achieve mind C bod- C soul harmon- &hich generates self C (no&ledge1 self C control1 self C care and self C healing. 2he focus of care is primaril- the patient as part of patient C centered care approach. '. )daptation 2heorHasing from the model1 it sho&s that the patient is the center or the focus of care. )s &ith this1 relating it to adaptation theor-1 the patient is a biops-chological being in constant interaction &ith a changing environment. 2he patient is open1 adaptive s-stem &ho uses innate and acEuired coping s(ills to deal &ith stressors. *. +nvironmental 2heorIncluded in the collaborative model is the presence of innovation and improvement. In nursing practice as far as theor- is concerned1 innovation and improvement can be eFemplified through manipulation of the patient s environment. 2he environmental theor- focused on changing and manipulating the environment in order to put the patient in the best possible conditions for the nature to act. ,. #oal )ttainment 2heorIn the collaborative model1 certain process is observed. With the application of goal attainment theor- into it1 there is an interaction process bet&een the patient and the nurse during perceiving1 setting goals and acting on them.

REQUIREMENT IN

THEORETICAL FOUNDATION OF NURSING PRACTICE

Submitted b-: Precious Isis S. 2amo1 /N

Submitted to: #enevieve N. Hautista1 $SN /osalie 2uringan1 $SN1 $P)