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Slide 4 Web 1.

0 was an early stage of the conceptual evolution of the World Wide Web, centered around a top-down approach to the use of the web and its user interface The distance from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 has been covered almost in a decade. But soon after Web2.0 a new Web .0 has evolved which has not only raised the level of interest but also many !uestions among developers, users and the regulators. "o we really need it at this stage, what are the forcing factors, how it is different from Web2.0 and #emantic Web, what are its social, moral and security implications, is it only about personali$ation, all these !uestions have made Web .0 popular among its sta%eholders. html was used to provide the building bloc%s for the web pages together with &ml language ,these developments laid the foundation for sharing of a wide variety of data wia the web #lide ' The shift from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 can be seen as a result of technological refinements, which included such adaptations as (broadband, improved browsers, and )*)+, to the rise of ,lash application platforms and the mass development of widgeti$ation, such as ,lic%r and -ouTube badges .ser can chage the content of faceboo%/status 0update ,del,edit #lide 1 ) rich Internet application /RIA2 is a Web application that has many of the characteristicsof des%top application software, typically delivered by way of a site-specific browser, a browser plug-in, an independent sandbo&, e&tensive use of *ava#cript, or a virtual machine. )3a& /AsynchronousJavaScript) is used to create web applications and using )3a& web applications can send data to, and retrieve data from, a server asynchronously /in the bac%ground2 without interfering with the display and behavior of the e&isting page.Extensible ar!up "an#ua#e /$ "2 is a mar%up language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable computeril 4palyer install . ria 3aal .

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Web .0 has changed the entire process by bringing machine closer to the user and producers for more dynamic, interactive and efficient creation of the contents and its management. Web .0 has the principle is based upon lin%ing , integrating, and analy$ing data from various data sources into new information streams. Web .0 is mainly under developing by world wide web consortium /w c2 to become a reality. Web .0 is the second phase of the Web evolution. 6n Web1.0, producers created contents for the users to use it and share it. While in Web 2.0, the users e!ually participated in the content creation and it7s sharing. Web .0 has changed the entire process by bringing machines closer to.

the users and producers for more dynamic, interactive and efficient creation of the contents and its management. Web .0 will be about feeding you the information that you want, when you want it #lide 8 9ertical search -http:;;www.trulia.com;

A vertical search engine, as distinct from a general web search engine, focuses on a specific segment of online content. They are also called specialty or topical search engines. The vertical content area may be based on topicality, media type, or genre of content. ) vertical search engine searches a specific industry, topic, type of content /e.g., travel, movies, images, blogs, live events2, piece of data, geographical location, and so on. When your topic is focused on a specific topic, industry, content type, geographical location, language, etc. #lide 10 The #emantic of the current World Wide Web leads to a new challenge of op- timi$ing the interchange of information, due to the fact that a huge amount of data is interpretable by humans only. The #emantic Web deals with an idea of Tim Berners-<ee1 0 to enrich the Web by machine-understandable information which supports the user in his tas%s. =achine processable information for instance can lead a !uite powerful search engine to more relevant pages and can improve precWeb The increasing usageision and recall. <in%ing of data in Web .0 is achieved with the help of semantic technologies li%e >esource "istribution ,ramewor% />",2 and #?)>@< , which have already been used for the development of the #emantic web. The basic feature of a #emantic WebA is to allow a person or a machine to begin with a single database and then increase its access to infinity databases which are not connected by wires but on the basis

of some common elements li%e place, concept, age, etc.

#emantic Web mainly operates on >esource "escription ,ramewor% />",2 which is a standard model for data interchange on the web. >", was designed to provide a common way to describe information so it can be read and understood by computer applications. >", is written in +=< that can be easily e&changed between different machines using differ #emantic Web is a vision of having data on the web defined and lin%ed in such a way that it can be used by computers 0 not 3ust for display purposes, but using for applications.

#lide 1A These virtual spaces are however 3ust forerunners of a much greater trend. The whole net will become a complete threedimensional world - a virtual parallel-world to real life. These new worlds will be inhabited by so-called avatars. An avatar is an arti%icial person or a #raphic representative o% a person in a virtual &orld' as %or exa(ple in a co(puter #a(e. #lide 15 "escribing properties for shopping items, such as price and availability "escribing time schedules for web events "escribing information about web pages /content, author, created and modified date2 "escribing content and rating for web pictures "escribing content for search engines

<in%ing of data in Web .0 is achieved with the help of semantic technologies li%e >esource "istribution ,ramewor% />",2 . #emantic Web mainly operates on >esource "escription ,ramewor% />",2 which is a standard model for data interchange on the web. >", was designed to provide a common way to describe information so it can be read and understood by computer applications. >", is written in +=< that can be easily e&changed between different machines using different operating systems. #lide 18

BT=< is an abbreviation forByperTe&t =ar%up <anguage while +=< stands for e+tensible =ar%up <anguage.Thedifferences are as follows:1.BT=< was designed to display data &ith %ocus on ho& data loo!s while +=< was designed to be a software and hardware independent tool used to transport and store data' &ith %ocus on &hat data is. 2.BT=< is a (ar!up lan#ua#e itself while +=< provides a %ra(e&or! %or de%inin# (ar!up lan#ua#es. .BT=< is a presentation lan#ua#e while +=< is neither a pro#ra((in# lan#ua#e nor a presentation lan#ua#e. A.BT=< is case insensitive while +=< is case sensitive. '.BT=< is used %or desi#nin# a &eb)pa#e to be rendered on the client side while +=< is used basically to transport data between the application and the database. 1.BT=< has ito&n prede%ined ta#s while what ma%es +=< fle&ible is that custo( ta#s can be defined and the tags are invented by the author of the +=< document. 5.BT=< is not strict if the user does not use the closin# ta#s but +=< ma%es it (andatory for the user the close each tag that has been used. 8.BT=< does not preserve &hite space while +=< does. C.BT=< is about displaying data,hencestatic but +=< is about carrying information,hencedyna(ic. +=< was designed to be a simple way to send documents across the Web. 6t allows anyone to design their own document format. This mar%up is (machine-readable(, that is, programs can read and understand it. By including machine-readable meaning in the documents, they are made much more powerful. #lide 1C Web Dntology <anguage /DW<2 is another language which can play a main role in the applications of Web .0. DW< and >", are much of the same things, but DW< is a stronger language with greater machine interpretability than >",. DW< is built on the top of >", but comes with a larger vocabulary and stronger synta& than >",. The DW< Web Dntology <anguage is designed for use by applications that need to process the content of information instead of 3ust presenting information to humans. DW< facilitates greater machine interpretability of Web content than that supported by +=<, >",, and >", #chema />",-#2 by providing additional vocabulary along with a formal semantics. DW< has three increasinglye&pressive sublanguages: DW< <ite, DW< "<, and DW< ,ull.

#lide 20 To identify items on the Web, we use identifiers. .>< /.niform >esource <ocator2 0a form of .>6 is an address that lets you visit a webpage. ) .>< both identifies and locates.Because anyone can create a .>6, it is evident that multiple .>6s may represent the same thing. ) .>6 is not a set of directions telling a computer how to get to a specific file on the Web /though it may also do this2. 6t is a name for a (resource( /a thing2.