9 views

Uploaded by IanGeneroso

- Worksheet 3 (Sol)
- Problema 17.3 Del Alan Faust
- HW5
- Deflection of Beam
- Creating Swept Surfaces-CATIA V5.pdf
- Mate Matic as Ba Chiller a to Crme p
- ANGULOS+Y+POLIEDROS
- IMATH08 Limits and Continuity
- Implicit
- Problema cinética de crecimiento
- 2009 Maths Methods 3 4 Exam 1 Solutions (1)
- ocw01exam1
- rhino 3d
- 90906327 Solucionario Problemas Pares ChP Vol1 Calculo Larson Hostetler
- Core 1 Question Booklet (Edexcel) - Mr Slack
- calculo de espirales
- 6_Ex
- 13593491 Project 5 Modeling a Rocker Device Using Sketch Curves
- 6AD_N_1
- Introductory Example

You are on page 1of 5

I. Families of Curves

The equation of a family of curves may be found by means of its slope.

For the function y = f(x),

=

dx

dy

slope of the tangent line

=

dy

dx

slope of the normal line

slope =

1 2

1 2

x x

y y

x

y

1. Find the equation of a family of curves and the equation of the

particular curve passing through (#$,%) if the slope of the tangent at

any point is &x

$

' (x. )*!.

y=x

3

+2 x

2

+C

, +=%

2. Find the equation of a family of curves if its normal line at any point

passes through the origin.

3. ,hat is the equation of the family of curves if the tangent line, from

the point of tangency to the point "here it crosses the x#axis, is

bisected by the y -axis.

II. Orthogonal Trajectories

efinition: Orthogonal Trajectories

.f a curve intersects each member of a family of curves at a constant angle of

/01, then the curve is called an orthogonal tra2ectory of the family of curves.

.f

dx

dy

is the slope of the family of curves, then #

dy

dx

is the slope of the

orthogonal tra2ectory.

!teps .n Finding the 3rthogonal Tra2ectories

1. Find the differential equation of the given family. (Eliminate the arbitrary

constants)

2. 4eplace

dx

dy

"ith #

dy

dx

. This is the differential equation of the orthogonal

tra2ectories.

&. !olve the resulting differential equation.

!"ample: Find the orthogonal tra2ectories of each of the follo"ing

1. x - &y = +. 5ra" the figure.

2. +ircles through the origin "ith centers on the x - axis. 5ra" the figure. 6,

3. y ( x

$

' 7 ) ' $ = 0 )ns.

y

3

=C3lnx

4. x = + exp (#y

$

) )ns.

y=C e

x

2

.

5. Ellipses "ith centers at (0,0) and t"o vertices at (%,0) and (#%,0).

6. y = 7 ( csc x ' cot x)

#hysical Applications

III. $a%s of Gro%th an& ecay

The rate at "hich the amount of a substance changes is proportional to the

quantity of substance present at any time.

8et x = quantity (amount) of substance present at any time t

t = time

7 = proportionality constant

dt

dx

= rate of change

4ate Equation

dt

dx

x

dt

dx

= 7x

9eneral !olution x = +e

7t

!"ample : !olve the follo"ing

1. The population of a city doubles in :0 years. .n ho" many years "ill it

be four times as much; )ssume that the rate of change is proportional

to the number of inhabitants. )*! %00 yrs.

$. ) certain substance decomposes at a rate proportional to the amount

present. .f one#third of it disappears after %000 days, "hat is the

percentage lost in %00 days;

&. Thirty percent of a radioactive substance disappears in %: years.

Find the half#life of the substance. )*!. $/.%: yrs

*ote 'alf(life

, t

1/2

is the time at "hich the amount of substance is

one half of the original amount, equivalently,

x=0.5x

o

.

4. !ugar decomposes in "ater at a rate proportional to the amount still

unchanged. .f there "ere :0 lb of sugar present initially and at the end

of : hours this is reduced to $0 lb, ho" long "ill it ta7e until /0< of the

sugar is decomposed; 6,

5. ,ater lea7s from a cylinder at a rate proportional to the square root of

the volume remaining at any time. .f initially there are =( gallons

present and %: gallons lea7 out on the first day, ho" much "ill be left

after ( days; ,hen "ill there be $: gallons left; !,

)*! a) %= gals left, b) & days

!eat"or7

1. Find the orthogonal tra2ectories of circles through the origin "ith centers on

the x#axis.

2. !ugar decomposes in "ater at a rate proportional to the amount still

unchanged. .f there "ere :0 lb of sugar present initially and at the end of :

hours this is reduced to $0 lb, ho" long "ill it ta7e until /0< of the sugar is

decomposed;

IV. Temperature Change ()e%ton*s $a% of Cooling+'eating)

*e"ton>s la" of cooling or heating states that the rate at "hich the

temperature of a body decreases or increases is proportional to the

difference bet"een the temperature of the body and that of the medium.

8et T = temperature of the body at any time t

Tm = Temperature of the medium

t = time

7 = proportionality constant

k=+( heating) , k=(cooling)

dt

dT

= rate of change

4ate Equation

dt

dT

? (T - Tm) or

dt

dT

= 7 (T - Tm)

9eneral !olution T = Tm ' +e

7t

!"ample: !olve the follo"ing

1. .f a thermometer "hose temperature is @:

0

is

exposed to a room "here the temperature is &:1, and the

thermometer reading is =:1 after &0 sec, a) ho" long after the

exposure "ill the reading be :01; b) ,hat "ill be the thermometer

reading & minutes after the exposure; )*! %.@ min, ($

0

.

2. )t %00 pm, a thermometer reading @01 F is ta7en

outside "here

the air temperature is # %01 F. )t %0$ pm, the reading is $=1 F. at %0:

pm, the thermometer is ta7en bac7 indoors "here the air is at @01 F.

,hat is the thermometer reading at %0/ pm; 6,

3. ) body at a temperature of :01 F is placed in an

oven "hose temperature is 7ept at %:01 F. .f after %0 minutes the

temperature of the body is @:1 F, find an expression for the temperature

at any time and find the time required for the body to attain a

temperature that is "ithin a half degree of the oven temperature.

,eat%ork:

%. .nitially, there is :0 mg of a certain radioactive material present and after $

hours, it is observed that the material has lost %0 < of its original mass. Find a) the

mass of the material after ( hours b) the time at "hich the mass has decayed to one-

half of its initial mass (half-life of the material)

ans a) x = (0.(: mg

b) t = %&.%0 hrs.

$. ) body at a temperature of :01 F is placed in an oven "hose temperature is 7ept at

%:01 F. .f after %0 minutes the temperature of the body is @:1 F, find the time required for

the body to attain a temperature that is "ithin a half degree of the oven temperature.

ans. %A(.%= min

- Worksheet 3 (Sol)Uploaded bypolipoli345
- Problema 17.3 Del Alan FaustUploaded byIlan Ivasko Aroca Maestre
- HW5Uploaded bymiguelitolin
- Deflection of BeamUploaded byA.k.Mandal
- Creating Swept Surfaces-CATIA V5.pdfUploaded byBorralla Cinza
- Mate Matic as Ba Chiller a to Crme pUploaded bymaria
- ANGULOS+Y+POLIEDROSUploaded byJorge Solano
- IMATH08 Limits and ContinuityUploaded bySpearMint
- ImplicitUploaded byMulangira Mulangira
- Problema cinética de crecimientoUploaded byL
- 2009 Maths Methods 3 4 Exam 1 Solutions (1)Uploaded byStephanie Nguyen
- ocw01exam1Uploaded byHugo Fernando Marques Fernandes
- rhino 3dUploaded bykinglion004
- 90906327 Solucionario Problemas Pares ChP Vol1 Calculo Larson HostetlerUploaded byMarcell Marie Martinez Fernandez
- Core 1 Question Booklet (Edexcel) - Mr SlackUploaded byLegacyGrade12
- calculo de espiralesUploaded byAlain Aleman
- 6_ExUploaded byFerlyn Gonzales
- 13593491 Project 5 Modeling a Rocker Device Using Sketch CurvesUploaded bysamihakhan
- 6AD_N_1Uploaded byJames Stankowicz Jr.
- Introductory ExampleUploaded byeyob233
- packing of 300 circlesUploaded bySmatrou Rouchamoux
- Steel Design Connection of a SHS type beamUploaded bySlevinK
- History of GeometryUploaded byRyan Mills
- AQA-MM1B-W-QP-JAN08Uploaded byÖzgür Oz Yilmaz Mehmet
- Evaluating Parameters From Process TransientsUploaded bytim
- 04 [Wk02L2] Geometrical Construction_2Uploaded bygetsweet
- inf-geom-syllabusUploaded byanon-579447
- Bbs Symphony Pour-1 of b2 1st FloorUploaded byMonali Varpe
- 2017-2018 grade 8 parent yagUploaded byapi-261375328
- v2p31Uploaded byAbdullah

- Bio 20 Group Reporting and Biomimetic Proposal1Uploaded byIanGeneroso
- BENGUET (1)Uploaded byIanGeneroso
- BENGUET (1)Uploaded byIanGeneroso
- Biomimetic in Architecture (1)Uploaded byIanGeneroso
- BENGUET ATRRACTIONUploaded byIanGeneroso
- BENGUET ATRRACTIONUploaded byIanGeneroso
- Application Form- OmbudsmanUploaded byIanGeneroso
- Applications MATH 24Uploaded byIanGeneroso
- Baldon_795515_863Uploaded byIanGeneroso
- Baldon_795515_863Uploaded byIanGeneroso
- 23exitUploaded byIanGeneroso
- 4. OutlineUploaded byIanGeneroso
- 1. Research TechniquesUploaded byIanGeneroso
- 403Uploaded byIanGeneroso
- AnalysisUploaded byIanGeneroso
- Apache at SheetUploaded byLiveforGood
- 405Uploaded byIanGeneroso
- 04 CE 122 Traffic Characteristics_addendumUploaded byJan Kenneth Barazon
- 16M T3pdfUploaded byIanGeneroso
- 16M T3pdfUploaded byIanGeneroso

- IM_Chap01Uploaded byYogesh Bansal
- ACO with OpenCLUploaded byNgo Cong Huan
- Shell Forces Stresses FormUploaded byvishalgore
- TBD2A.assignment.4 .U28.Ausama.2012.Border&Qs.final1Uploaded byOsama Hassan
- Management priniciplesUploaded bybusyboy_sp
- F4 mid-year '09 P3Uploaded byMarz Zamzuri
- Spinning Top with Constant Precession and Zero NutationUploaded byMT
- Basics of Credit Risk ModellingUploaded byAnonymous 85ygV3JR
- Design Studio Sdk Ui5 Table With Conditional FormatsUploaded byraylin
- Newmont Ghana EngUploaded byJoin
- Simple RegressionUploaded byiga gemelia
- EazytrieveUploaded byLucas Pais
- Today's Spanish-English Cognate-La CalculadoraUploaded byswatson033
- multilayerfilms.pdfUploaded byLetalis Ira
- CollegeMathText_F2016Uploaded byPauloMtz
- Impact of Brand Image on Purchase IntentionUploaded byMuhammad Ejaz Ul Haq
- oerder_Meyer.pdfUploaded byKarthik Gowda
- Overture DemoUploaded byMyo Zin Aung
- MP_ManualUploaded byKiran Seelam
- Excercise 10Uploaded bymehdi
- Sample Ch03Uploaded byAmritanshu Shukla
- CHAPTER 1Uploaded byKezziaAuroraAmanda
- Project Management PPM 111Uploaded byTitima Nyum
- wcm_602_lecture6Uploaded byAnsar Ali
- Rockwell Alarm Management_proces-wp013_-en-p.pdfUploaded byDuy Hai
- Level of Measurement_Stat Analysis Flow ChartUploaded byhayama317
- References for PaperUploaded byHeaven Singh
- Review on Cold Rolling Mill Roll DeformationUploaded byGlobal Research and Development Services
- introductionUploaded byByron Manthey
- CivilUploaded byEric Cook