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Friday, June 06, 2014

5:05 PM

ELECTRICAL ENERGY WORKSHEETS
Electrostatics Worksheet No.1 - Electrostatics & Electric Fields
Electrostatics Worksheet No.2 - Electrostatics & Electric Fields
Electric Circuit Worksheet No.1
Electric Circuit Worksheet No.2
Energy and Power Worksheet No.1
Answers to Energy & Power Worksheet No.1
Ohm's Law Practical
Power of a Heating Coil Practical
Assorted Electrical Practicals
Comment on Laboratories
Return to Electrical Energy main page
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ELECTROSTATICS WORKSHEET No.1

This worksheet is designed to assist you in making a brief summary of some important
electrostatic concepts.

1. Discuss whether the different views held by Galvani and Volta on the nature of electricity
contributed to an increased understanding of electricity.
2. Define the term electrostatics.
3. State the rules regarding charge discovered by Gilbert, Franklin and other scientists.
4. State Coulombs Law in words and give the equation that expresses this statement
mathematically. Make sure to define all the symbols used.
5. State the SI units of charge. Give the name of the unit and the symbol.
6. Define the concept of an electric field. Give a mathematical definition for the strength of such
a field. Define all terms used and state the SI units of electric field strength.
7. Explain how the direction of an electric field is determined.
8. Explain how lines of force can be used to represent electric fields diagrammatically.
9. Draw the electric field present in each of the following situations:
a. Around isolated point charges
b. Around a dipole
c. Between two parallel charged plates
10. If a positive and a negative charge of equal size, 5 x 10
-6
C, were located 2 x 10
-8
m apart in a
vacuum (as shown in diagram (b) above), determine the size of the force acting on each charge.
(Force is measured in newtons, symbol N.) (Answer: 5.625 x 10
14
N)
11. Would the force in (11) be attractive or repulsive for the two charges involved?

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ELECTROSTATICS WORKSHEET No.2
1. Draw the required fields and charge distributions asked for below:












2. Answer all of the following questions:
Explain in words what you understand the term electric field to mean and give a mathematical
definition of the strength of such a field.
A charge of 5C experiences a force of 100N due west when placed into a uniform electric field.
Determine the size and direction of the field.
Calculate the size of the force that would be experienced by a 3C charge placed into a uniform
electric field of strength 1 x 10
5
NC
-1
.
A - 5C charge travels due south under the influence of a 10N force when placed into a uniform
electric field. What force would a 10C charge experience if placed in the same field and in which
direction would it move?
State in words the definition of the potential difference between two points in an electric field.
A charge of 15C experiences a gain in potential energy of 60J in moving from point X to point Y in
a uniform electric field. Determine the potential difference between points X and Y.
On an electrostatic surface, such as the surface of a Van de Graaff generator, no work is needed to
move charge from one point to another on the surface. What does this tell you about the potential
difference between points on such a surface?

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ELECTRIC CIRCUIT WORKSHEET NO.1
NOTE: While thinking and talking about the following questions practise using the language of Physics
correctly. Current is a flow of charge, so it is correct to talk about the current flowing through a
resistor. Potential difference or voltage exists between two points in a circuit, so we speak of the
potential difference across a resistor or the voltage drop across a resistor. DO NOT say things like,
the voltage flowing through the resistor etc!!! Voltage does not flow anywhere, so dont say it!!!
You can speak about the voltage or potential at a particular point in a circuit. For instance, you
might say, the voltage at the positive terminal of a 12 V battery is 12 V. Good communication is
essential in all sciences. So, use the language correctly.
1. A circuit consists of a 12 V battery connected across a single resistor. If the current in the circuit is
3 A, calculate the size of the resistor. (4)
2. Two 5 resistors are connected in series with a 12 V battery. Determine: (a) the potential
difference across each resistor; and (b) the current flowing in the circuit. (6 V, 1.2 A)
3. Two resistors of size 10 and 5 are connected in parallel as shown below.



a. If 3.6 A of current flows into the parallel branch, determine the current flowing in
each of the resistors. (2.4 A in the top resistor & 1.2 A in the bottom resistor)
b. What is the potential difference across each of the resistors? (12V)
c. How much current will flow out of the parallel branch? (3.6 A)


4. Consider the following circuit and then answer the questions below.



a. State the potential difference between X and Z.
b. State the potential difference between X and Y.
c. How much potential is left at Y?


(Answers: (a) 12V, (b) 8V, (c) 4V)


5. The circuit below shows a resistor, R, connected in series to a 12 V battery across an open switch,
S.



a. If R = 6 how much current flows in the circuit with the switch open?
b. While the switch remains open, determine the potential difference between:
i. A and B
ii. A and C
iii. B and C


c. When the switch is closed and R = 6, determine:
i. the current in the circuit;
ii. the potential difference between A and B; and
iii. the potential difference between B and C.


Answers: (a) 0A

(b)(i) 12V, (ii) 12V, (iii) 0V

(c)(i) 2A, (ii) 0V, (iii) 12V

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ELECTRIC CIRCUIT WORKSHEET NO.2
1. Find the current in the 20 and 5 resistors in the following circuit.




(Answers: I
20
= 0.045 A and I
5
= 0.18 A)


2. In the circuit below, the reading on the ammeter is 3.2 A.



Determine:
a. the reading on the voltmeter;
b. the potential difference across the 40 resistor; and
c. the current in the 40 resistor.


(Answers: (a) 32V, (b) 18V, (c) 0.45A)


3.




For the circuit above:
a. Determine the total resistance.
b. Find the reading on the ammeter.
c. Draw a voltmeter in the correct place to measure the potential difference across the
0.3 resistor.
d. Draw an ammeter in the correct place to measure the current in the 0.3 resistor.
e. Determine the readings on the meters mentioned in parts (c) and (d) above.


(Answers: (a) 100.19 b) 0.2A, (c) voltmeter in parallel across the resistor, (d) ammeter
in series with the resistor, (e) ammeter reading = 0.125A and voltmeter reading = 0.0375V)

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ENERGY & POWER WORKSHEET NO.1
Answers are supplied. Simply click on the word "answers" at the
end of each question.
1. Consider the circuit below, which shows four identical lamps A, B, C and D in a circuit, controlled
by switches S
1
, S
2
and S
3
.



a. Which globes would light when the following occurs:
i. S
1
only is closed;
ii. S
1
and S
2
are closed;
iii. S
1
and S
3
are closed;
iv. all three switches are closed?

b. When all switches are closed, globes A and B do not glow as brightly as globe D.
Explain why this is so.
c. Comment on the brightness of globe C compared with globe D, when all switches are
closed.

Answers

2. An electric radiator uses a voltage of 240 V and draws a current of 2 A for a total time of 3
hours. Calculate the total energy dissipated by the radiator. Answers

3. The electrical energy used in one hour by a tungsten filament light globe is 1.44 x 10
5
J. If the
current flowing through the tungsten filament is 0.17 A, calculate the resistance of the tungsten
filament. Answers

4. Consider the circuit shown below.




The reading on the ammeter is 0.9 A and that on the voltmeter is 3.36 V. Determine the power
dissipated by the:
a. whole circuit;
b. 5 resistor;
c. 10 resistor.


Answers

5. Consider the circuit shown below. The G in the circle represents a galvanometer, which is a very
sensitive current measuring device. The galvanometer is connected between points X and Y in the
circuit.




For this circuit:
a. determine the total resistance;
b. calculate the current in each parallel arm;
c. find the potential difference across the 1 resistor;
d. find the potential difference across the 2 resistor;
e. determine the potential difference between X and Y;
f. state the reading on the galvanometer;
g. calculate the power dissipated by this circuit.


Answers

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ANSWERS TO ENERGY & POWER WORKSHEET NO.1
Just use your browser's back button to return to the questions.
1. (a) (i) None no closed circuit; (ii) A, B, D glow; (iii) D, C glow; (iv) all globes

(b) Current in D is higher than in A & B, since A & B are in one of the two parallel arms of the circuit.
Power is proportional to the square of the current. So, power in D > power in A & B and therefore
globe D glows more brightly.

(c) Globe C will be less bright. Lower current and therefore lower power and brightness.

2. 5.2 x 10
6
J

3. 1384

4. (a) 13.5W; (b) 4.05 W; (c) 1.13 W

5. (a) 3.33; (b) current in top arm = 2A, current in bottom arm = 1A; (c) 2V;

(d) 2V; (e) 0V; (f) 0A; (g) 30W
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OHMS LAW PRACTICAL
AIMS:
1. To gain practical experience in setting up electrical circuits and using ammeters, voltmeters and
variable resistors (rheostats).
2. To demonstrate Ohms Law.

METHOD:
1. Set up the following circuit. Note that the rheostat used has a 6.5A, 10 rating.



2. By varying the resistance of the rheostat, adjust the current in the circuit to the values shown in
Table No.1 below. For each value of total current in the circuit, record the potential difference across
the 2 resistor.
3. On the graph sheet provided, draw a graph of potential difference versus current and show the
calculation of the slope of the graph.

RESULTS:
1.
TABLE No.1: Potential Difference and Current Values
Potential Difference (V) Current (A)
0.5
1.0
1.2
1.5
2.0

2. What does the shape of your graph tell you about the relationship between the potential difference
across the fixed resistor and the current flowing through the fixed resistor?

________________________________________________________

3. Slope of graph (including units) =

4. Compare the value of your slope with the known value of the fixed resistor used in this experiment.

________________________________________________________

5. Justify the placement of the ammeter and voltmeter in the circuit used for this experiment.


Ammeter: _______________________________________________

________________________________________________________

Voltmeter: _______________________________________________

________________________________________________________
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POWER OF A HEATING COIL PRACTICAL
AIMS:
1. To gain practical experience in setting up electrical circuits and using ammeters and voltmeters.
2. To demonstrate the relationship between current, voltage and power for a model 6V to 12V electric
heating coil.

METHOD:
1. Set up the following circuit. Use a standard 0-12V power pack as your voltage source. Note that a
2 resistor is being used as the heating coil. If we so desired, we could also immerse the 2 resistor
(properly enclosed) in a water bath to reduce the risk of burning it out. The extra 2 resistor is used to
keep the current to a reasonable level.



2. For each value of voltage supplied by the power supply shown in Table No.1 in the Results section,
record the current in the circuit and the voltage drop across the heating coil.
3. Complete the table by filling in the resistance and power values for the heating coil for each voltage
setting. Show a sample calculation for each physical quantity in the space provided in the Results
section.
4. Supply the correct units for the resistance and power columns in the table.

RESULTS:
1. TABLE No.1: Power Values for Heating Coil
Voltage Supplied by Power Supply
(V)
Voltage Drop Across Coil
(V)
Current (A) Resistance

Units =
Power

Units =
2
4
6
8

2. Sample Calculations When Voltage Supplied by Power Supply = 2V:


Resistance of heating coil

__________________________________________________________


Power dissipated by heating coil

__________________________________________________________

3. Summary: State the relationship between current, voltage and power in electric circuits.

__________________________________________________________


Pasted from <http://webs.mn.catholic.edu.au/physics/emery/prelim_electrical_worksheets.htm>