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Features
Compatible with MCS-51

Products
8K Bytes of In-System Reprogrammable Flash Memory
Endurance: 1,000 Write/Erase Cycles
Fully Static Operation: 0 Hz to 24 MHz
Three-level Program Memory Lock
256 x 8-bit Internal RAM
32 Programmable I/O Lines
Three 16-bit Timer/Counters
Eight Interrupt Sources
Programmable Serial Channel
Low-power Idle and Power-down Modes
Description
The AT89C52 is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer with 8K
bytes of Flash programmable and erasable read only memory (PEROM). The device
is manufactured using Atmels high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is
compatible with the industry-standard 80C51 and 80C52 instruction set and pinout.
The on-chip Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed in-system or by a
conventional nonvolatile memory programmer. By combining a versatile 8-bit CPU
with Flash on a monolithic chip, the Atmel AT89C52 is a powerful microcomputer
which provides a highly-flexible and cost-effective solution to many embedded control
applications.
8-bit
Microcontroller
with 8K Bytes
Flash
AT89C52
Not Recommended
for New Designs.
Use AT89S52.
Rev. 0313H02/00
Pin Configurations
PQFP/TQFP
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
P1.5
P1.6
P1.7
RST
(RXD) P3.0
NC
(TXD) P3.1
(INT0) P3.2
(INT1) P3.3
(T0) P3.4
iT1) P3.5
P0.4 (AD4)
P0.5 (AD5)
P0.6 (AD6)
P0.7 (AD7)
EA/VPP
NC
ALE/PROG
PSEN
P2.7 (A15)
P2.6 (A14)
P2.5 (A13)
4
4
4
3
4
2
4
1
4
0
3
9
3
8
3
7
3
6
3
5
3
4
1
2
1
3
1
4
1
5
1
6
1
7
1
8
1
9
2
0
2
1
2
2
(
W
R
)

P
3
.
6
(
R
D
)

P
3
.
7
X
T
A
L
2
X
T
A
L
1
G
N
D
N
C
(
A
8
)

P
2
.
0
(
A
9
)

P
2
.
1
(
A
1
0
)

P
2
.
2
(
A
1
1
)

P
2
.
3
(
A
1
2
)

P
2
.
4
P
1
.
4
P
1
.
3
P
1
.
2
P
1
.
1

(
T
2

E
X
)
P
1
.
0

(
T
2
)
N
C
V
C
C
P
0
.
0

(
A
D
0
)
P
0
.
1

(
A
D
1
)
P
0
.
2

(
A
D
2
)
P
0
.
3

(
A
D
3
)
PDIP
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
(T2) P1.0
(T2 EX) P1.1
P1.2
P1.3
P1.4
P1.5
P1.6
P1.7
RST
(RXD) P3.0
(TXD) P3.1
(INT0) P3.2
(INT1) P3.3
(T0) P3.4
(T1) P3.5
(WR) P3.6
(RD) P3.7
XTAL2
XTAL1
GND
VCC
P0.0 (AD0)
P0.1 (AD1)
P0.2 (AD2)
P0.3 (AD3)
P0.4 (AD4)
P0.5 (AD5)
P0.6 (AD6)
P0.7 (AD7)
EA/VPP
ALE/PROG
PSEN
P2.7 (A15)
P2.6 (A14)
P2.5 (A13)
P2.4 (A12)
P2.3 (A11)
P2.2 (A10)
P2.1 (A9)
P2.0 (A8)
PLCC
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
P1.5
P1.6
P1.7
RST
(RXD) P3.0
NC
(TXD) P3.1
(INT0) P3.2
(INT1) P3.3
(T0) P3.4
(T1) P3.5
P0.4 (AD4)
P0.5 (AD5)
P0.6 (AD6)
P0.7 (AD7)
EA/VPP
NC
ALE/PROG
PSEN
P2.7 (A15)
P2.6 (A14)
P2.5 (A13)
654321
4
4
4
3
4
2
4
1
4
0
1
8
1
9
2
0
2
1
2
2
2
3
2
4
2
5
2
6
2
7
2
8
(
W
R
)

P
3
.
6
(
R
D
)

P
3
.
7
X
T
A
L

2
X
T
A
L
1
G
N
D
N
C
(
A
8
)

P
2
.
0
(
A
9
)

P
2
.
1
(
A
1
0
)

P
2
.
2
(
A
1
1
)

P
2
.
3
(
A
1
2
)

P
2
.
4
P
1
.
4
P
1
.
3
P
1
.
2
P
1
.
1

(
T
2

E
X
)
P
1
.
0

(
T
2
)
N
C
V
C
C
P
0
.
0

(
A
D
0
)
P
0
.
1

(
A
D
1
)
P
0
.
2

(
A
D
2
)
P
0
.
3

(
A
D
3
)
AT89C52 2
Block Diagram
PORT 2 DRIVERS
PORT 2
LATCH
P2.0 - P2.7
QUICK
FLASH
PORT 0
LATCH
RAM
PROGRAM
ADDRESS
REGISTER
BUFFER
PC
INCREMENTER
PROGRAM
COUNTER
DPTR
RAM ADDR.
REGISTER
INSTRUCTION
REGISTER
B
REGISTER
INTERRUPT, SERIAL PORT,
AND TIMER BLOCKS
STACK
POINTER
ACC
TMP2 TMP1
ALU
PSW
TIMING
AND
CONTROL
PORT 3
LATCH
PORT 3 DRIVERS
P3.0 - P3.7
PORT 1
LATCH
PORT 1 DRIVERS
P1.0 - P1.7
OSC
GND
V
CC
PSEN
ALE/PROG
EA / V
PP
RST
PORT 0 DRIVERS
P0.0 - P0.7
AT89C52
3
The AT89C52 provides the following standard features: 8K
bytes of Flash, 256 bytes of RAM, 32 I/O lines, three 16-bit
timer/counters, a six-vector two-level interrupt architecture,
a full-duplex serial port, on-chip oscillator, and clock cir-
cuitry. In addition, the AT89C52 is designed with static logic
for operation down to zero frequency and supports two
software selectable power saving modes. The Idle Mode
stops the CPU while allowing the RAM, timer/counters,
serial port, and interrupt system to continue functioning.
The Power-down mode saves the RAM contents but
freezes the oscillator, disabling all other chip functions until
the next hardware reset.
Pin Description
VCC
Supply voltage.
GND
Ground.
Port 0
Port 0 is an 8-bit open drain bi-directional I/O port. As an
output port, each pin can sink eight TTL inputs. When 1s
are written to port 0 pins, the pins can be used as high-
impedance inputs.
Port 0 can also be configured to be the multiplexed low-
order address/data bus during accesses to external pro-
gram and data memory. In this mode, P0 has internal
pullups.
Port 0 also receives the code bytes during Flash program-
mi ng and out put s t he code byt es dur i ng pr ogr am
verification. External pullups are required during program
verification.
Port 1
Port 1 is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pullups.
The Port 1 output buffers can sink/source four TTL inputs.
When 1s are written to Port 1 pins, they are pulled high by
the internal pullups and can be used as inputs. As inputs,
Port 1 pins that are externally being pulled low will source
current (I
IL
) because of the internal pullups.
In addition, P1.0 and P1.1 can be configured to be the
timer/counter 2 external count input (P1.0/T2) and the
timer/counter 2 trigger input (P1.1/T2EX), respectively, as
shown in the following table.
Port 1 also receives the low-order address bytes during
Flash programming and verification.
Port 2
Port 2 is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pullups.
The Port 2 output buffers can sink/source four TTL inputs.
When 1s are written to Port 2 pins, they are pulled high by
the internal pullups and can be used as inputs. As inputs,
Port 2 pins that are externally being pulled low will source
current (I
IL
) because of the internal pullups.
Port 2 emits the high-order address byte during fetches
from external program memory and during accesses to
external data memory that use 16-bit addresses (MOVX @
DPTR). In this application, Port 2 uses strong internal pul-
lups when emitting 1s. During accesses to external data
memory that use 8-bit addresses (MOVX @ RI), Port 2
emits the contents of the P2 Special Function Register.
Port 2 also receives the high-order address bits and some
control signals during Flash programming and verification.
Port 3
Port 3 is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pullups.
The Port 3 output buffers can sink/source four TTL inputs.
When 1s are written to Port 3 pins, they are pulled high by
the internal pullups and can be used as inputs. As inputs,
Port 3 pins that are externally being pulled low will source
current (I
IL
) because of the pullups.
Port 3 also serves the functions of various special features
of the AT89C51, as shown in the following table.
Port 3 also receives some control signals for Flash pro-
gramming and verification.
RST
Reset input. A high on this pin for two machine cycles while
the oscillator is running resets the device.
ALE/PROG
Address Latch Enable is an output pulse for latching the
low byte of the address during accesses to external mem-
ory. This pin is also the program pulse input (PROG) during
Flash programming.
In normal operation, ALE is emitted at a constant rate of 1/6
the oscillator frequency and may be used for external
Port Pin Alternate Functions
P1.0 T2 (external count input to Timer/Counter 2),
clock-out
P1.1 T2EX (Timer/Counter 2 capture/reload trigger and
direction control)
Port Pin Alternate Functions
P3.0 RXD (serial input port)
P3.1 TXD (serial output port)
P3.2 INT0 (external interrupt 0)
P3.3 INT1 (external interrupt 1)
P3.4 T0 (timer 0 external input)
P3.5 T1 (timer 1 external input)
P3.6 WR (external data memory write strobe)
P3.7 RD (external data memory read strobe)
AT89C52 4
timing or clocking purposes. Note, however, that one ALE
pulse is skipped during each access to external data
memory.
If desired, ALE operation can be disabled by setting bit 0 of
SFR location 8EH. With the bit set, ALE is active only dur-
ing a MOVX or MOVC instruction. Otherwise, the pin is
weakly pulled high. Setting the ALE-disable bit has no
effect if the microcontroller is in external execution mode.
PSEN
Program Store Enable is the read strobe to external pro-
gram memory.
When the AT89C52 is executing code from external pro-
gram memory, PSEN is activated twice each machine
cycle, except that two PSEN activations are skipped during
each access to external data memory.
EA/VPP
External Access Enable. EA must be strapped to GND in
order to enable the device to fetch code from external pro-
gram memory locations starting at 0000H up to FFFFH.
Note, however, that if lock bit 1 is programmed, EA will be
internally latched on reset.
EA shoul d be strapped to V
CC
for i nternal program
executions.
This pin also receives the 12-volt programming enable volt-
age (V
PP
) duri ng Fl ash programmi ng when 12-vol t
programming is selected.
XTAL1
Input to the inverting oscillator amplifier and input to the
internal clock operating circuit.
XTAL2
Output from the inverting oscillator amplifier.
Table 1. AT89C52 SFR Map and Reset Values
0F8H 0FFH
0F0H
B
00000000
0F7H
0E8H 0EFH
0E0H
ACC
00000000
0E7H
0D8H 0DFH
0D0H
PSW
00000000
0D7H
0C8H
T2CON
00000000
T2MOD
XXXXXX00
RCAP2L
00000000
RCAP2H
00000000
TL2
00000000
TH2
00000000
0CFH
0C0H 0C7H
0B8H
IP
XX000000
0BFH
0B0H
P3
11111111
0B7H
0A8H
IE
0X000000
0AFH
0A0H
P2
11111111
0A7H
98H
SCON
00000000
SBUF
XXXXXXXX
9FH
90H
P1
11111111
97H
88H
TCON
00000000
TMOD
00000000
TL0
00000000
TL1
00000000
TH0
00000000
TH1
00000000
8FH
80H
P0
11111111
SP
00000111
DPL
00000000
DPH
00000000
PCON
0XXX0000
87H
AT89C52
5
Special Function Registers
A map of the on-chip memory area called the Special Func-
tion Register (SFR) space is shown in Table 1.
Note that not all of the addresses are occupied, and unoc-
cupied addresses may not be implemented on the chip.
Read accesses to these addresses will in general return
random data, and write accesses will have an indetermi-
nate effect.
User software should not write 1s to these unlisted loca-
tions, since they may be used in future products to invoke
new features. In that case, the reset or inactive values of
the new bits will always be 0.
Timer 2 Registers Control and status bits are contained in
registers T2CON (shown in Table 2) and T2MOD (shown in
Table 4) for Timer 2. The register pair (RCAP2H, RCAP2L)
are the Capture/Reload registers for Timer 2 in 16-bit cap-
ture mode or 16-bit auto-reload mode.
Interrupt Registers The individual interrupt enable bits are
in the IE register. Two priorities can be set for each of the
six interrupt sources in the IP register.r
Data Memory
The AT89C52 implements 256 bytes of on-chip RAM. The
upper 128 bytes occupy a parallel address space to the
Special Function Registers. That means the upper 128
bytes have the same addresses as the SFR space but are
physically separate from SFR space.
When an instruction accesses an internal location above
address 7FH, the address mode used in the instruction
specifies whether the CPU accesses the upper 128 bytes
of RAM or the SFR space. Instructions that use direct
addressing access SFR space.
For example, the following direct addressing instruction
accesses the SFR at location 0A0H (which is P2).
MOV 0A0H, #data
Table 2. T2CON Timer/Counter 2 Control Registe
T2CON Address = 0C8H Reset Value = 0000 0000B
Bit Addressable
Bit TF2 EXF2 RCLK TCLK EXEN2 TR2 C/T2 CP/RL2
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Symbol Function
TF2 Timer 2 overflow flag set by a Timer 2 overflow and must be cleared by software. TF2 will not be set when either
RCLK = 1 or TCLK = 1.
EXF2 Timer 2 external flag set when either a capture or reload is caused by a negative transition on T2EX and
EXEN2 = 1. When Timer 2 interrupt is enabled, EXF2 = 1 will cause the CPU to vector to the Timer 2 interrupt
routine. EXF2 must be cleared by software. EXF2 does not cause an interrupt in up/down counter mode
(DCEN = 1).
RCLK Receive clock enable. When set, causes the serial port to use Timer 2 overflow pulses for its receive clock in serial
port Modes 1 and 3. RCLK = 0 causes Timer 1 overflow to be used for the receive clock.
TCLK Transmit clock enable. When set, causes the serial port to use Timer 2 overflow pulses for its transmit clock in serial
port Modes 1 and 3. TCLK = 0 causes Timer 1 overflows to be used for the transmit clock.
EXEN2 Timer 2 external enable. When set, allows a capture or reload to occur as a result of a negative transition on T2EX
if Timer 2 is not being used to clock the serial port. EXEN2 = 0 causes Timer 2 to ignore events at T2EX.
TR2 Start/Stop control for Timer 2. TR2 = 1 starts the timer.
C/T2 Timer or counter select for Timer 2. C/T2 = 0 for timer function. C/T2 = 1 for external event counter (falling edge
triggered).
CP/RL2 Capture/Reload select. CP/RL2 = 1 causes captures to occur on negative transitions at T2EX if EXEN2 = 1. CP/RL2
= 0 causes automatic reloads to occur when Timer 2 overflows or negative transitions occur at T2EX when EXEN2
= 1. When either RCLK or TCLK = 1, this bit is ignored and the timer is forced to auto-reload on Timer 2 overflow.
AT89C52 6
Instructions that use indirect addressing access the upper
128 bytes of RAM. For example, the following indirect
addressing instruction, where R0 contains 0A0H, accesses
the data byte at address 0A0H, rather than P2 (whose
address is 0A0H).
MOV @R0, #data
Note that stack operati ons are exampl es of i ndi rect
addressing, so the upper 128 bytes of data RAM are avail-
able as stack space.
Timer 0 and 1
Timer 0 and Timer 1 in the AT89C52 operate the same way
as Timer 0 and Timer 1 in the AT89C51.
Timer 2
Timer 2 is a 16-bit Timer/Counter that can operate as either
a timer or an event counter. The type of operation is
selected by bit C/T2 in the SFR T2CON (shown in Table 2).
Timer 2 has three operating modes: capture, auto-reload
(up or down counting), and baud rate generator. The
modes are selected by bits in T2CON, as shown in Table 3.
Timer 2 consists of two 8-bit registers, TH2 and TL2. In the
Timer function, the TL2 register is incremented every
machine cycle. Since a machine cycle consists of 12 oscil-
l ator peri ods, the count rate i s 1/12 of the osci l lator
frequency.
In the Counter function, the register is incremented in
response to a 1-to-0 transition at its corresponding external
input pin, T2. In this function, the external input is sampled
during S5P2 of every machine cycle. When the samples
show a high in one cycle and a low in the next cycle, the
count is incremented. The new count value appears in the
register during S3P1 of the cycle following the one in which
the transition was detected. Since two machine cycles (24
oscillator periods) are required to recognize a 1-to-0 transi-
tion, the maximum count rate is 1/24 of the oscillator
frequency. To ensure that a given level is sampled at least
once before it changes, the level should be held for at least
one full machine cycle.
Capture Mode
In the capture mode, two options are selected by bit
EXEN2 in T2CON. If EXEN2 = 0, Timer 2 is a 16-bit timer
or counter which upon overflow sets bit TF2 in T2CON.
This bit can then be used to generate an interrupt. If
EXEN2 = 1, Timer 2 performs the same operation, but a 1-
to-0 transition at external input T2EX also causes the cur-
rent value in TH2 and TL2 to be captured into RCAP2H and
RCAP2L, respectively. In addition, the transition at T2EX
causes bit EXF2 in T2CON to be set. The EXF2 bit, like
TF2, can generate an interrupt. The capture mode is illus-
trated in Figure 1.
Auto-reload (Up or Down Counter)
Timer 2 can be programmed to count up or down when
configured in its 16-bit auto-reload mode. This feature is
invoked by the DCEN (Down Counter Enable) bit located in
the SFR T2MOD (see Table 4). Upon reset, the DCEN bit
is set to 0 so that timer 2 will default to count up. When
DCEN is set, Timer 2 can count up or down, depending on
the value of the T2EX pin.
Table 3. Timer 2 Operating Modes
RCLK +TCLK CP/RL2 TR2 MODE
0 0 1 16-bit Auto-reload
0 1 1 16-bit Capture
1 X 1 Baud Rate Generator
X X 0 (Off)
AT89C52
7
Figure 1. Timer in Capture Mode
Figure 2 shows Timer 2 automatically counting up when
DCEN = 0. In this mode, two options are selected by bit
EXEN2 in T2CON. If EXEN2 = 0, Timer 2 counts up to
0FFFFH and then sets the TF2 bit upon overflow. The
overflow also causes the timer registers to be reloaded with
the 16-bit value in RCAP2H and RCAP2L. The values in
Timer in Capture ModeRCAP2H and RCAP2L are preset
by software. If EXEN2 = 1, a 16-bit reload can be triggered
either by an overflow or by a 1-to-0 transition at external
input T2EX. This transition also sets the EXF2 bit. Both the
TF2 and EXF2 bits can generate an interrupt if enabled.
Setting the DCEN bit enables Timer 2 to count up or down,
as shown in Figure 3. In this mode, the T2EX pin controls
the direction of the count. A logic 1 at T2EX makes Timer 2
count up. The timer will overflow at 0FFFFH and set the
TF2 bit. This overflow also causes the 16-bit value in
RCAP2H and RCAP2L to be reloaded into the timer regis-
ters, TH2 and TL2, respectively.
A logic 0 at T2EX makes Timer 2 count down. The timer
underflows when TH2 and TL2 equal the values stored in
RCAP2H and RCAP2L. The underflow sets the TF2 bit and
causes 0FFFFH to be reloaded into the timer registers.
The EXF2 bit toggles whenever Timer 2 overflows or
underflows and can be used as a 17th bit of resolution. In
this operating mode, EXF2 does not flag an interrupt.
OSC
EXF2 T2EX PIN
T2 PIN
TR2
EXEN2
C/T2 = 0
C/T2 = 1
CONTROL
CAPTURE
OVERFLOW
CONTROL
TRANSITION
DETECTOR
TIMER 2
INTERRUPT
12
RCAP2L RCAP2H
TH2 TL2 TF2
AT89C52 8
Figure 2. Timer 2 Auto Reload Mode (DCEN = 0)
Table 4. T2MOD Timer 2 Mode Control Register
T2MOD Address = 0C9H Reset Value = XXXX XX00B
Not Bit Addressable
T2OE DCEN
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Symbol Function
Not implemented, reserved for future
T2OE Timer 2 Output Enable bit.
DCEN When set, this bit allows Timer 2 to be configured as an up/down counter.
OSC
EXF2
TF2
T2EX PIN
T2 PIN
TR2
EXEN2
C/T2 = 0
C/T2 = 1
CONTROL
RELOAD
OVERFLOW
CONTROL
TRANSITION
DETECTOR
TIMER 2
INTERRUPT
12
RCAP2L RCAP2H
TH2 TL2
AT89C52
9
Figure 3. Timer 2 Auto Reload Mode (DCEN = 1)
Figure 4. Timer 2 in Baud Rate Generator Mode
OSC
EXF2
TF2
T2EX PIN
COUNT
DIRECTION
1=UP
0=DOWN
T2 PIN
TR2
CONTROL
OVERFLOW
(DOWN COUNTING RELOAD VALUE)
(UP COUNTING RELOAD VALUE)
TOGGLE
TIMER 2
INTERRUPT
12
RCAP2L RCAP2H
0FFH 0FFH
TH2 TL2
C/T2 = 0
C/T2 = 1

OSC
SMOD1
RCLK
TCLK
Rx
CLOCK
Tx
CLOCK
T2EX PIN
T2 PIN
TR2
CONTROL
"1"
"1"
"1"
"0"
"0"
"0"
TIMER 1 OVERFLOW
NOTE: OSC. FREQ. IS DIVIDED BY 2, NOT 12
TIMER 2
INTERRUPT
2
2
16
16
RCAP2L RCAP2H
TH2 TL2
C/T2 = 0
C/T2 = 1
EXF2
CONTROL
TRANSITION
DETECTOR
EXEN2

AT89C52 10
Baud Rate Generator
Timer 2 is selected as the baud rate generator by setting
TCLK and/or RCLK in T2CON (Table 2). Note that the
baud rates for transmit and receive can be different if Timer
2 is used for the receiver or transmitter and Timer 1 is used
for the other function. Setting RCLK and/or TCLK puts
Timer 2 into its baud rate generator mode, as shown in Fig-
ure 4.
The baud rate generator mode is similar to the auto-reload
mode, in that a rollover in TH2 causes the Timer 2 registers
to be reloaded with the 16-bit value in registers RCAP2H
and RCAP2L, which are preset by software.
The baud rates in Modes 1 and 3 are determined by Timer
2s overflow rate according to the following equation.
The Timer can be configured for either timer or counter
operation. In most applications, it is configured for timer
operation (CP/T2 = 0). The timer operation is different for
Timer 2 when it is used as a baud rate generator. Normally,
as a timer, it increments every machine cycle (at 1/12 the
oscillator frequency). As a baud rate generator, however, it
increments every state time (at 1/2 the oscillator fre-
quency). The baud rate formula is given below.
where (RCAP2H, RCAP2L) is the content of RCAP2H and
RCAP2L taken as a 16-bit unsigned integer.
Timer 2 as a baud rate generator is shown in Figure 4. This
figure is valid only if RCLK or TCLK = 1 in T2CON. Note
that a rollover in TH2 does not set TF2 and will not gener-
ate an interrupt. Note too, that if EXEN2 is set, a 1-to-0
transition in T2EX will set EXF2 but will not cause a reload
from (RCAP2H, RCAP2L) to (TH2, TL2). Thus when Timer
2 is in use as a baud rate generator, T2EX can be used as
an extra external interrupt.
Note that when Timer 2 is running (TR2 = 1) as a timer in
the baud rate generator mode, TH2 or TL2 should not be
read from or written to. Under these conditions, the Timer is
incremented every state time, and the results of a read or
write may not be accurate. The RCAP2 registers may be
read but should not be written to, because a write might
overlap a reload and cause write and/or reload errors. The
timer should be turned off (clear TR2) before accessing the
Timer 2 or RCAP2 registers.
Figure 5. Timer 2 in Clock-out Mode
Modes 1 and 3 Baud Rates
Timer 2 Overflow Rate
16
------------------------------------------------------------ =
Modes 1 and 3
Baud Rate
---------------------------------------
Oscillator Frequency
32 65536 RCAP2H RCAP2L ( , ) [ ]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- =
OSC
EXF2
P1.0
(T2)
P1.1
(T2EX)
TR2
EXEN2
C/T2 BIT
TRANSITION
DETECTOR
TIMER 2
INTERRUPT
T2OE (T2MOD.1)
2
TL2
(8-BITS)
RCAP2L RCAP2H
TH2
(8-BITS)
2
AT89C52
11
Programmable Clock Out
A 50% duty cycle clock can be programmed to come out on
P1.0, as shown in Figure 5. This pin, besides being a regu-
l ar I / O pi n, has t wo al t er nat e f unct i ons. I t can be
programmed to input the external clock for Timer/Counter 2
or to output a 50% duty cycle clock ranging from 61 Hz to 4
MHz at a 16 MHz operating frequency.
To configure the Timer/Counter 2 as a clock generator, bit
C/T2 (T2CON.1) must be cleared and bit T2OE (T2MOD.1)
must be set. Bit TR2 (T2CON.2) starts and stops the timer.
The clock-out frequency depends on the oscillator fre-
quency and the reload value of Timer 2 capture registers
(RCAP2H, RCAP2L), as shown in the following equation.
In the clock-out mode, Timer 2 roll-overs will not generate
an interrupt. This behavior is similar to when Timer 2 is
used as a baud-rate generator. It is possible to use Timer 2
as a baud-rate generator and a clock generator simulta-
neously. Note, however, that the baud-rate and clock-out
frequencies cannot be determined independently from one
another since they both use RCAP2H and RCAP2L.
UART
The UART in the AT89C52 operates the same way as the
UART in the AT89C51.
Interrupts
The AT89C52 has a total of six interrupt vectors: two exter-
nal interrupts (INT0 and INT1), three timer interrupts
(Timers 0, 1, and 2), and the serial port interrupt. These
interrupts are all shown in Figure 6.
Each of these interrupt sources can be individually enabled
or disabled by setting or clearing a bit in Special Function
Register IE. IE also contains a global disable bit, EA, which
disables all interrupts at once.
Note that Table shows that bit position IE.6 is unimple-
ment ed. I n t he AT89C51, bi t posi t i on I E. 5 i s al so
unimplemented. User software should not write 1s to these
bit posi tions, since they may be used i n future AT89
products.
Timer 2 interrupt is generated by the logical OR of bits TF2
and EXF2 in register T2CON. Neither of these flags is
cleared by hardware when the service routine is vectored
to. In fact, the service routine may have to determine
whether it was TF2 or EXF2 that generated the interrupt,
and that bit will have to be cleared in software.
The Timer 0 and Timer 1 flags, TF0 and TF1, are set at
S5P2 of the cycle in which the timers overflow. The values
are then polled by the circuitry in the next cycle. However,
the Timer 2 flag, TF2, is set at S2P2 and is polled in the
same cycle in which the timer overflows.
Figure 6. Interrupt Sources
Clock-Out Frequency
Oscillator Fequency
4 65536 RCAP2H RCAP2L ( , ) [ ]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- =
Table 5. Interrupt Enable (IE) Register
(MSB) (LSB)
EA ET2 ES ET1 EX1 ET0 EX0
Enable Bit = 1 enables the interrupt.
Enable Bit = 0 disables the interrupt.
Symbol Position Function
EA IE.7 Disables all interrupts. If EA = 0,
no interrupt is acknowledged. If
EA = 1, each interrupt source is
individually enabled or disabled
by setting or clearing its enable
bit.
IE.6 Reserved.
ET2 IE.5 Timer 2 interrupt enable bit.
ES IE.4 Serial Port interrupt enable bit.
ET1 IE.3 Timer 1 interrupt enable bit.
EX1 IE.2 External interrupt 1 enable bit.
ET0 IE.1 Timer 0 interrupt enable bit.
EX0 IE.0 External interrupt 0 enable bit.
User software should never write 1s to unimplemented bits,
because they may be used in future AT89 products.
IE1
IE0
1
1
0
0
TF1
TF0
INT1
INT0
TI
RI
TF2
EXF2
AT89C52 12
Oscillator Characteristics
XTAL1 and XTAL2 are the input and output, respectively,
of an inverting amplifier that can be configured for use as
an on-chip oscillator, as shown in Figure 7. Either a quartz
crystal or ceramic resonator may be used. To drive the
device from an external clock source, XTAL2 should be left
unconnected while XTAL1 is driven, as shown in Figure 8.
There are no requirements on the duty cycle of the external
clock signal, since the input to the internal clocking circuitry
is through a divide-by-two flip-flop, but minimum and maxi-
mum voltage high and low time specifications must be
observed.
Idle Mode
In idle mode, the CPU puts itself to sleep while all the on-
chip peripherals remain active. The mode is invoked by
software. The content of the on-chip RAM and all the spe-
cial functions registers remain unchanged during this
mode. The idle mode can be terminated by any enabled
interrupt or by a hardware reset.
Note that when idle mode is terminated by a hardware
reset, the device normally resumes program execution
from where it left off, up to two machine cycles before the
internal reset algorithm takes control. On-chip hardware
inhibits access to internal RAM in this event, but access to
the port pins is not inhibited. To eliminate the possibility of
an unexpected write to a port pin when idle mode is termi-
nated by a reset, the instruction following the one that
invokes idle mode should not write to a port pin or to exter-
nal memory.
Power-down Mode
In the power-down mode, the oscillator is stopped, and the
instruction that invokes power-down is the last instruction
executed. The on-chip RAM and Special Function Regis-
ters retain their values until the power-down mode is
terminated. The only exit from power-down is a hardware
reset. Reset redefines the SFRs but does not change the
on-chip RAM. The reset should not be activated before V
CC
is restored to its normal operating level and must be held
active long enough to allow the oscillator to restart and
stabilize.
Figure 7. Oscillator Connections
Note: C1, C2 = 30 pF 10 pF for Crystals
= 40 pF 10 pF for Ceramic Resonators
Figure 8. External Clock Drive Configuration
C2
XTAL2
GND
XTAL1
C1
XTAL2
XTAL1
GND
NC
EXTERNAL
OSCILLATOR
SIGNAL
Status of External Pins During Idle and Powe-down Modes
Mode Program Memory ALE PSEN PORT0 PORT1 PORT2 PORT3
Idle Internal 1 1 Data Data Data Data
Idle External 1 1 Float Data Address Data
Power-down Internal 0 0 Data Data Data Data
Power-down External 0 0 Float Data Data Data
AT89C52
13
Program Memory Lock Bits
The AT89C52 has three lock bits that can be left unpro-
grammed (U) or can be programmed (P) to obtain the
additional features listed in the following table.
When lock bit 1 is programmed, the logic level at the EA pin
is sampled and latched during reset. If the device is pow-
ered up without a reset, the latch initializes to a random
value and holds that value until reset is activated. The
latched value of EA must agree with the current logic level
at that pin in order for the device to function properly.
Programming the Flash
The AT89C52 is normally shipped with the on-chip Flash
memory array in the erased state (that is, contents = FFH)
and ready to be programmed. The programming interface
accepts either a high-voltage (12-volt) or a low-voltage
(V
CC
) program enable signal. The Low-voltage program-
ming mode provides a convenient way to program the
AT89C52 inside the users system, while the high-voltage
programming mode is compatible with conventional third-
party Flash or EPROM programmers.
The AT89C52 is shipped with either the high-voltage or
low-voltage programming mode enabled. The respective
top-side marking and device signature codes are listed in
the following table.
The AT89C52 code memory array is programmed byte-by-
byte in either programming mode. To program any non-
blank byte in the on-chip Flash Memory, the entire memory
must be erased using the Chip Erase Mode.
Programmi ng Al gori thm Before programmi ng the
AT89C52, the address, data and control signals should be
set up according to the Flash programming mode table and
Figure 9 and Figure 10. To program the AT89C52, take the
following steps.
1. Input the desired memory location on the address
lines.
2. Input the appropriate data byte on the data lines.
3. Activate the correct combination of control signals.
4. Raise EA/V
PP
to 12V for the high-voltage program-
ming mode.
5. Pulse ALE/PROG once to program a byte in the
Flash array or the lock bits. The byte-write cycle is
self-timed and typically takes no more than 1.5 ms.
Repeat steps 1 through 5, changing the address
and data for the entire array or until the end of the
object file is reached.
Data Polling The AT89C52 features Data Polling to indi-
cate the end of a write cycle. During a write cycle, an
attempted read of the last byte written will result in the com-
plement of the written data on PO.7. Once the write cycle
has been completed, true data is valid on all outputs, and
the next cycle may begin. Data Polling may begin any time
after a write cycle has been initiated.
Ready/Busy The progress of byte programming can also
be monitored by the RDY/BSY output signal. P3.4 is pulled
low after ALE goes high during programming to indicate
BUSY. P3.4 is pulled high again when programming is
done to indicate READY.
Program Verify If lock bits LB1 and LB2 have not been
programmed, the programmed code data can be read back
via the address and data lines for verification. The lock bits
cannot be verified directly. Verification of the lock bits is
achieved by observing that their features are enabled.
Chip Erase The entire Flash array is erased electrically by
using the proper combination of control signals and by
holding ALE/PROG low for 10 ms. The code array is written
with all 1s. The chip erase operation must be executed
before the code memory can be reprogrammed.
Lock Bit Protection Modes
Program Lock Bits
LB1 LB2 LB3 Protection Type
1 U U U No program lock features.
2 P U U MOVC instructions executed
from external program
memory are disabled from
fetching code bytes from
internal memory, EA is
sampled and latched on reset,
and further programming of
the Flash memory is disabled.
3 P P U Same as mode 2, but verify is
also disabled.
4 P P P Same as mode 3, but external
execution is also disabled.
V
PP
= 12V V
PP
= 5V
Top-side Mark AT89C52
xxxx
yyww
AT89C52
xxxx - 5
yyww
Signature (030H) = 1EH
(031H) = 52H
(032H) = FFH
(030H) = 1EH
(031H) = 52H
(032H) = 05H
V
PP
= 12V V
PP
= 5V
AT89C52 14
Reading the Signature Bytes The signature bytes are
read by the same procedure as a normal verification of
locations 030H, 031H, and 032H, except that P3.6 and
P3.7 must be pulled to a logic low. The values returned are
as follows.
(030H) = 1EH indicates manufactured by Atmel
(031H) = 52H indicates 89C52
(032H) = FFH indicates 12V programming
(032H) = 05H indicates 5V programming
Programming Interface
Every code byte in the Flash array can be written, and the
entire array can be erased, by using the appropriate combi-
nation of control signals. The write operation cycle is self-
timed and once initiated, will automatically time itself to
completion.
All major programming vendors offer worldwide support for
the Atmel microcontroller series. Please contact your local
programming vendor for the appropriate software revision.
Note: 1. Chip Erase requires a 10 ms PROG pulse.
Flash Programming Modes
Mode RST PSEN ALE/PROG EA/V
PP
P2.6 P2.7 P3.6 P3.7
Write Code Data H L H/12V L H H H
Read Code Data H L H H L L H H
Write Lock Bit - 1 H L H/12V H H H H
Bit - 2 H L H/12V H H L L
Bit - 3 H L H/12V H L H L
Chip Erase H L H/12V H L L L
Read Signature Byte H L H H L L L L
(1)
AT89C52
15
Figure 9. Programming the Flash Memory Figure 10. Verifying the Flash Memory
Note: 1. Only used in 12-volt programming mode.
P1
P2.6
P3.6
P2.0 - P2.4
A0 - A7
ADDR.
OOOOH/1FFFH
SEE FLASH
PROGRAMMING
MODES TABLE
3-24 MHz
A8 - A12
P0
+5V
P2.7
PGM
DATA
PROG
V /V
IH PP
V
IH
ALE
P3.7
XTAL2 EA
RST
PSEN
XTAL1
GND
V
CC
AT87F52
P1
P2.6
P3.6
P2.0 - P2.4
A0 - A7
ADDR.
OOOOH/1FFFH
SEE FLASH
PROGRAMMING
MODES TABLE
3-24 MHz
A8 - A12
P0
+5V
P2.7
PGM DATA
(USE 10K
PULLUPS)
V
IH
V
IH
ALE
P3.7
XTAL2 EA
RST
PSEN
XTAL1
GND
V
CC
AT87F52
Flash Programming and Verification Characteristics
T
A
= 0C to 70C, V
CC
= 5.0 10%
Symbol Parameter Min Max Units
V
PP
(1)
Programming Enable Voltage 11.5 12.5 V
I
PP
(1)
Programming Enable Current 1.0 mA
1/t
CLCL
Oscillator Frequency 3 24 MHz
t
AVGL
Address Setup to PROG Low 48t
CLCL
t
GHAX
Address Hold after PROG 48t
CLCL
t
DVGL
Data Setup to PROG Low 48t
CLCL
t
GHDX
Data Hold After PROG 48t
CLCL
t
EHSH
P2.7 (ENABLE) High to V
PP
48t
CLCL
t
SHGL
V
PP
Setup to PROG Low 10 s
t
GHSL
(1)
V
PP
Hold after PROG 10 s
t
GLGH
PROG Width 1 110 s
t
AVQV
Address to Data Valid 48t
CLCL
t
ELQV
ENABLE Low to Data Valid 48t
CLCL
t
EHQZ
Data Float after ENABLE 0 48t
CLCL
t
GHBL
PROG High to BUSY Low 1.0 s
t
WC
Byte Write Cycle Time 2.0 ms
AT89C52 16
Flash Programming and Verification Waveforms - High-voltage Mode (V
PP
=12V)
Flash Programming and Verification Waveforms - Low-voltage Mode (V
PP
=5V)
t
GLGH
t
GHSL
t
AVGL
t
SHGL
t
DVGL
t
GHAX
t
AVQV
t
GHDX
t
EHSH
t
ELQV
t
WC
BUSY READY
t
GHBL
t
EHQZ
P1.0 - P1.7
P2.0 - P2.4
ALE/PROG
PORT 0
LOGIC 1
LOGIC 0
EA/V
PP
V
PP
P2.7
(ENABLE)
P3.4
(RDY/BSY)
PROGRAMMING
ADDRESS
VERIFICATION
ADDRESS
DATA IN DATA OUT
(2)
t
GLGH
t
AVGL
t
SHGL
t
DVGL
t
GHAX
t
AVQV
t
GHDX
t
EHSH
t
ELQV
t
WC
BUSY READY
t
GHBL
t
EHQZ
P1.0 - P1.7
P2.0 - P2.4
ALE/PROG
PORT 0
LOGIC 1
LOGIC 0
EA/V
PP
P2.7
(ENABLE)
P3.4
(RDY/BSY)
PROGRAMMING
ADDRESS
VERIFICATION
ADDRESS
DATA IN DATA OUT
AT89C52
17
Notes: 1. Under steady state (non-transient) conditions, I
OL
must be externally limited as follows:
Maximum I
OL
per port pin: 10 mA
Maximum I
OL
per 8-bit port:
Port 0: 26 mA Ports 1, 2, 3: 15 mA
Maximum total I
OL
for all output pins: 71 mA
If I
OL
exceeds the test condition, V
OL
may exceed the related specification. Pins are not guaranteed to sink current greater
than the listed test conditions.
2. Minimum V
CC
for Power-down is 2V.
Absolute Maximum Ratings*
Operating Temperature.................................. -55C to +125C
*NOTICE: Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute
Maximum Ratings may cause permanent dam-
age to the device. This is a stress rating only and
functional operation of the device at these or any
other conditions beyond those indicated in the
operational sections of this specification is not
implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating
conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
Storage Temperature..................................... -65C to +150C
Voltage on Any Pin
with Respect to Ground.....................................-1.0V to +7.0V
Maximum Operating Voltage ............................................ 6.6V
DC Output Current...................................................... 15.0 mA
DC Characteristics
The values shown in this table are valid for T
A
= -40C to 85C and V
CC
= 5.0V 20%, unless otherwise noted.
Symbol Parameter Condition Min Max Units
V
IL
Input Low-voltage (Except EA) -0.5 0.2 V
CC
-0.1 V
V
IL1
Input Low-voltage (EA) -0.5 0.2 V
CC
-0.3 V
V
IH
Input High-voltage (Except XTAL1, RST) 0.2 V
CC
+0.9 V
CC
+0.5 V
V
IH1
Input High-voltage (XTAL1, RST) 0.7 V
CC
V
CC
+0.5 V
V
OL
Output Low-voltage
(1)
(Ports 1,2,3) I
OL
= 1.6 mA 0.45 V
V
OL1
Output Low-voltage
(1)
(Port 0, ALE, PSEN)
I
OL
= 3.2 mA 0.45 V
V
OH
Output High-voltage
(Ports 1,2,3, ALE, PSEN)
I
OH
= -60 A, V
CC
= 5V 10% 2.4 V
I
OH
= -25 A 0.75 V
CC
V
I
OH
= -10 A 0.9 V
CC
V
V
OH1
Output High-voltage
(Port 0 in External Bus Mode)
I
OH
= -800 A, V
CC
= 5V 10% 2.4 V
I
OH
= -300 A 0.75 V
CC
V
I
OH
= -80 A 0.9 V
CC
V
I
IL
Logical 0 Input Current (Ports 1,2,3) V
IN
= 0.45V -50 A
I
TL
Logical 1 to 0 Transition Current
(Ports 1,2,3)
V
IN
= 2V, V
CC
= 5V 10% -650 A
I
LI
Input Leakage Current (Port 0, EA) 0.45 < V
IN
< V
CC
10 A
RRST Reset Pulldown Resistor 50 300 K
C
IO
Pin Capacitance Test Freq. = 1 MHz, T
A
= 25 C 10 pF
I
CC
Power Supply Current Active Mode, 12 MHz 25 mA
Idle Mode, 12 MHz
6.5 mA
Power-down Mode
(1)
V
CC
= 6V
100 A
V
CC
= 3V
40 A
AT89C52 18
AC Characteristics
Under operating conditions, load capacitance for Port 0, ALE/PROG, and PSEN = 100 pF; load capacitance for all other
outputs = 80 pF.
External Program and Data Memory Characteristics
Symbol Parameter
12 MHz Oscillator Variable Oscillator
Units Min Max Min Max
1/t
CLCL
Oscillator Frequency 0 24 MHz
t
LHLL
ALE Pulse Width 127 2t
CLCL
-40 ns
t
AVLL
Address Valid to ALE Low 43 t
CLCL
-13 ns
t
LLAX
Address Hold After ALE Low 48 t
CLCL
-20 ns
t
LLIV
ALE Low to Valid Instruction In 233 4t
CLCL
-65 ns
t
LLPL
ALE Low to PSEN Low 43 t
CLCL
-13 ns
t
PLPH
PSEN Pulse Width 205 3t
CLCL
-20 ns
t
PLIV
PSEN Low to Valid Instruction In 145 3t
CLCL
-45 ns
t
PXIX
Input Instruction Hold after PSEN 0 0 ns
t
PXIZ
Input Instruction Float after PSEN 59 t
CLCL
-10 ns
t
PXAV
PSEN to Address Valid 75 t
CLCL
-8 ns
t
AVIV
Address to Valid Instruction In 312 5t
CLCL
-55 ns
t
PLAZ
PSEN Low to Address Float 10 10 ns
t
RLRH
RD Pulse Width 400 6t
CLCL
-100 ns
t
WLWH
WR Pulse Width 400 6t
CLCL
-100 ns
t
RLDV
RD Low to Valid Data In 252 5t
CLCL
-90 ns
t
RHDX
Data Hold After RD 0 0 ns
t
RHDZ
Data Float After RD 97 2t
CLCL
-28 ns
t
LLDV
ALE Low to Valid Data In 517 8t
CLCL
-150 ns
t
AVDV
Address to Valid Data In 585 9t
CLCL
-165 ns
t
LLWL
ALE Low to RD or WR Low 200 300 3t
CLCL
-50 3t
CLCL
+50 ns
t
AVWL
Address to RD or WR Low 203 4t
CLCL
-75 ns
t
QVWX
Data Valid to WR Transition 23 t
CLCL
-20 ns
t
QVWH
Data Valid to WR High 433 7t
CLCL
-120 ns
t
WHQX
Data Hold After WR 33 t
CLCL
-20 ns
t
RLAZ
RD Low to Address Float 0 0 ns
t
WHLH
RD or WR High to ALE High 43 123 t
CLCL
-20 t
CLCL
+25 ns
AT89C52
19
External Program Memory Read Cycle
External Data Memory Read Cycle
t
LHLL
t
LLIV
t
PLIV
t
LLAX
t
PXIZ
t
PLPH
t
PLAZ
t
PXAV
t
AVLL
t
LLPL
t
AVIV
t
PXIX
ALE
PSEN
PORT 0
PORT 2
A8 - A15
A0 - A7 A0 - A7
A8 - A15
INSTR IN
t
LHLL
t
LLDV
t
LLWL
t
LLAX
t
WHLH
t
AVLL
t
RLRH
t
AVDV
t
AVWL
t
RLAZ
t
RHDX
t
RLDV
t
RHDZ
A0 - A7 FROM RI OR DPL
ALE
PSEN
RD
PORT 0
PORT 2
P2.0 - P2.7 OR A8 - A15 FROM DPH
A0 - A7 FROM PCL
A8 - A15 FROM PCH
DATA IN INSTR IN
AT89C52 20
External Data Memory Write Cycle
External Clock Drive Waveforms
t
LHLL
t
LLWL
t
LLAX
t
WHLH
t
AVLL
t
WLWH
t
AVWL
t
QVWX
t
QVWH
t
WHQX
A0 - A7 FROM RI OR DPL
ALE
PSEN
WR
PORT 0
PORT 2
P2.0 - P2.7 OR A8 - A15 FROM DPH
A0 - A7 FROM PCL
A8 - A15 FROM PCH
DATA OUT INSTR IN
t
CHCX
t
CHCX
t
CLCX
t
CLCL
t
CHCL
t
CLCH
V - 0.5V
CC
0.45V
0.2 V - 0.1V
CC
0.7 V
CC
External Clock Drive
Symbol Parameter Min Max Units
1/t
CLCL
Oscillator Frequency 0 24 MHz
t
CLCL
Clock Period 41.6 ns
t
CHCX
High Time 15 ns
t
CLCX
Low Time 15 ns
t
CLCH
Rise Time 20 ns
t
CHCL
Fall Time 20 ns
AT89C52
21
.
Shift Register Mode Timing Waveforms
AC Testing Input/Output Waveforms
(1)
Note: 1. AC Inputs during testing are driven at V
CC
- 0.5V
for a logic 1 and 0.45V for a logic 0. Timing measure-
ments are made at V
IH
min. for a logic 1 and V
IL
max.
for a logic 0.
Float Waveforms
(1)
Note: 1. For timing purposes, a port pin is no longer floating
when a 100 mV change from load voltage occurs. A
port pin begins to float when a 100 mV change from
the loaded V
OH
/V
OL
level occurs.
Serial Port Timing: Shift Register Mode Test Conditions
The values in this table are valid for V
CC
= 5.0V 20% and Load Capacitance = 80 pF.
Symbol Parameter
12 MHz Osc Variable Oscillator
Units Min Max Min Max
t
XLXL
Serial Port Clock Cycle Time 1.0 12t
CLCL
s
t
QVXH
Output Data Setup to Clock Rising Edge 700 10t
CLCL
-133 ns
t
XHQX
Output Data Hold After Clock Rising Edge 50 2t
CLCL
-117 ns
t
XHDX
Input Data Hold After Clock Rising Edge 0 0 ns
t
XHDV
Clock Rising Edge to Input Data Valid 700 10t
CLCL
-133 ns
t
XHDV
t
QVXH
t
XLXL
t
XHDX
t
XHQX
ALE
INPUT DATA
CLEAR RI
OUTPUT DATA
WRITE TO SBUF
INSTRUCTION
CLOCK
0
0
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
SET TI
SET RI
8
VALID VALID VALID VALID VALID VALID VALID VALID
0.45V
TEST POINTS
V - 0.5V
CC
0.2 V + 0.9V
CC
0.2 V - 0.1V
CC
V
LOAD
+ 0.1V
Timing Reference
Points
V
LOAD
- 0.1V
LOAD
V
V
OL
+ 0.1V
V
OL
- 0.1V
AT89C52 22
Ordering Information
Speed
(MHz)
Power
Supply Ordering Code Package Operation Range
12 5V 20% AT89C52-12AC
AT89C52-12JC
AT89C52-12PC
AT89C52-12QC
44A
44J
40P6
44Q
Commercial
(0 C to 70 C)
AT89C52-12AI
AT89C52-12JI
AT89C52-12PI
AT89C52-12QI
44A
44J
40P6
44Q
Industrial
(-40 C to 85 C)
16 5V 20% AT89C52-16AC
AT89C52-16JC
AT89C52-16PC
AT89C52-16QC
44A
44J
40P6
44Q
Commercial
(0 C to 70 C)
AT89C52-16AI
AT89C52-16JI
AT89C52-16PI
AT89C52-16QI
44A
44J
40P6
44Q
Industrial
(-40 C to 85 C)
20 5V 20% AT89C52-20AC
AT89C52-20JC
AT89C52-20PC
AT89C52-20QC
44A
44J
40P6
44Q
Commercial
(0 C to 70 C)
AT89C52-20AI
AT89C52-20JI
AT89C52-20PI
AT89C52-20QI
44A
44J
40P6
44Q
Industrial
(-40 C to 85 C)
24 5V 20% AT89C52-24AC
AT89C52-24JC
AT89C52-24PC
AT89C52-24QC
44A
44J
40P6
44Q
Commercial
(0 C to 70 C)
AT89C52-24AI
AT89C52-24JI
AT89C52-24PI
AT89C52-24QI
44A
44J
40P6
44Q
Industrial
(-40 C to 85 C)
Package Type
44A 44-lead, Thin Plastic Gull Wing Quad Flatpack (TQFP)
44J 44-lead, Plastic J-leaded Chip Carrier (PLCC)
40P6 40-lead, 0.600" Wide, Plastic Dual Inline Package (PDIP)
44Q 44-lead, Plastic Gull Wing Quad Flatpack (PQFP)
AT89C52
23
Packaging Information
Controlling dimension: millimeters
1.20(0.047) MAX
10.10(0.394)
9.90(0.386)
SQ
12.21(0.478)
11.75(0.458)
SQ
0.75(0.030)
0.45(0.018)
0.15(0.006)
0.05(0.002)
0.20(.008)
0.09(.003)
0
7
0.80(0.031) BSC
PIN 1 ID
0.45(0.018)
0.30(0.012)
.045(1.14) X 45 PIN NO. 1
IDENTIFY
.045(1.14) X 30- 45
.012(.305)
.008(.203)
.021(.533)
.013(.330)
.630(16.0)
.590(15.0)
.043(1.09)
.020(.508)
.120(3.05)
.090(2.29)
.180(4.57)
.165(4.19)
.500(12.7) REF SQ
.032(.813)
.026(.660)
.050(1.27) TYP
.022(.559) X 45MAX (3X)
.656(16.7)
.650(16.5)
.695(17.7)
.685(17.4)
SQ
SQ
2.07(52.6)
2.04(51.8) PIN
1
.566(14.4)
.530(13.5)
.090(2.29)
MAX
.005(.127)
MIN
.065(1.65)
.015(.381)
.022(.559)
.014(.356)
.065(1.65)
.041(1.04)
0
15
REF
.690(17.5)
.610(15.5)
.630(16.0)
.590(15.0)
.012(.305)
.008(.203)
.110(2.79)
.090(2.29)
.161(4.09)
.125(3.18)
SEATING
PLANE
.220(5.59)
MAX
1.900(48.26) REF
Controlling dimension: millimeters
13.45 (0.525)
12.95 (0.506)
0.50 (0.020)
0.35 (0.014)
SQ
PIN 1 ID
0.80 (0.031) BSC
10.10 (0.394)
9.90 (0.386)
SQ
0
7 0.17 (0.007)
0.13 (0.005)
1.03 (0.041)
0.78 (0.030)
2.45 (0.096) MAX
0.25 (0.010) MAX
44A, 44-lead, Thin (1.0 mm) Plastic Gull Wing Quad
Flatpack (TQFP)
Dimensions in Millimeters and (Inches)*
JEDEC STANDARD MS-026 ACB
44J, 44-lead, Plastic J-leaded Chip Carrier (PLCC)
Dimensions in Inches and (Millimeters)
JEDEC STANDARD MS-018 AC
40P6, 40-lead, 0.600" Wide, Plastic Dual Inline
Package (PDIP)
Dimensions in Inches and (Millimeters)
44Q, 44-lead, Plastic Quad Flat Package (PQFP)
Dimensions in Millimeters and (Inches)*
JEDEC STANDARD MS-022 AB
Atmel Corporation 1999.
Atmel Corporation makes no warranty for the use of its products, other than those expressly contained in the Companys standard war-
ranty which is detailed in Atmel s Terms and Conditions located on the Companys web site. The Company assumes no responsibility for
any errors which may appear in this document, reserves the right to change devices or specifications detailed herein at any time without
notice, and does not make any commitment to update the information contained herein. No licenses to patents or other intellectual prop-
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not authorized for use as critical components in life suppor t devices or systems.
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