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English Ebook, grade XI

English Ebook, grade XI





ENGLISH BOOK
A Communicative way of learning English
For Senior High School Students
Grade XI
Semester 2











Arranged by
English Teachers of SMAN 1 Cianjur
Beti Sabitah, S.Pd
Nanan Roihanah, S.Pd
Atty Resmiatty, S.Pd
Endah Hendayani, S.S.



English Ebook, grade XI



PREFACE





















A Communicative way of learning English is presented with a simple
language, is expected to assist and to facilitate students to learn.
Presented a summary of material from the discourse, and is
equipped with a variety of enrichment activities or assignments, as
well as the questions for practice competency test.
In accordance with the mission gained the intellectual life of the
nation, we publish A Communicative way of learning
Englishsupporting students learning process. The purpose of this
book is published to assist students to become a man of faith, noble,
healthy, knowlegable, competent, creative, independent
,responsible, and become good citizens.
We are aware that this book is still far from perfection.Therefore, we
accept for criticism and suggestions that make perfect for this book
in the future. Hopefully it will be useful to brighten our life.

Cianjur , December 2011
Writers

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English Ebook, grade XI

CONTENTS
Preface .................................................................................................................................... i
Contents ..................................................................................................................................ii
Unit 4
Funny Stories
Listening
Listening to monolog of spoof text........................................................................2
Listening to expressions of Love and Sadness....................................................3
Speaking
Expressing Love and Sadness ...........................................................................3
Reading
Reading spoof text ..............................................................................................5
Writing
Writing spoof text ................................................................................................ 10
Unit 5
Amazing Stories
Listening
Responding to expressions of attitude ( asking for and giving an opinion,
agreement and disagreement) ...........................................................................14
Listening to Narrative text. ................................................................................17
Speaking
Expressing attitude ( asking for and giving an opinion, agreement and
disagreement ) ................................................................................................... 18
Reading
Reading Narrative text ........................................................................................ 21
Writing
Writing Narrative text .......................................................................................... 23
Unit 6
What we should do or shound not do
Listening
Listening to monolog of Hortatory Exposition text .............................................27
Speaking
Expressing Anger, Annoyance and Embarrassement ........................................29
Reading
Reading Hortatory Exposition text .....................................................................31
Writing
Writing hortatory Exposition text ........................................................................35
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English Ebook, grade XI




Unit 4

Funny Stories






















Listening
Listening to spoof text
Listening to expressions of Love and Sadness.
Speaking
Expressing Love and Sadness
Reading
Reading spoof text
Writing
Writing spoof text

In This Unit
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English Ebook, grade XI


In this section, you will learn how to:
respond to monolog of spoof text.
respond to expression Love and Sadness.
Activity 1 Listen to the text and complete the missing words.
And then answer the questions.

What time is it ?
______________________________________________
A tramp (1) _______ down and slept in the park. He had been sleeping for
about 5 minutes when a couple (2) _______ by. The man stopped, woke the ( 3)
____ up and asked him. Excuse me, Do you know what time is it? The tramp
replied, Im sorry - I dont have a watch so I dont know the time. The man (4)
_______ for waking the tramp and the couple walked away.
The tramp lay down again, and after a few minutes went back to sleep. Just
then a woman, who was out walking her dog (5) ________ the tramps shoulder until
he woke up again. The woman said, I am sorry to trouble you, but Im afraid Ive lost
my watch - do you happen to know what time? The tramp was a little (6) ______ at
being woken up again, but told the woman politely that he didnt have the watch and
ddnt know the time.
After the woman had gone, he had an idea. He opened the bag that contained
all (7) _______ and got out a pen, a piece of paper, and some string. On the paper,
he wrote down. I do not have a watch. I do not know the time. He then (8)
_______ the paper round his neck and eventually dropped off again.
After about 15 minutes, a (10) _________ who was walking through the park
noticed the tramp assleep on the bench and the sign round his neck. He woke the
tramp up and said, I read your sign and I (10) ________ youd like to know that its
2.30 pm.
Activity 1 Read the text again and answer the questions
1. Do you think the story funny?
2. What part of the story is funny?
3. Who was the main character of the story?
Listening
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English Ebook, grade XI

4. Where did the story happen?
5. What did the people ask the man?
6. What did the man do to avoid other people about the time?
7. What did the police tell the tramp? Why?

Activity 3 Listen to the speakers and complete the following
dialogs.
Dialog 1
Mother : Dear ... why do you look so sad? Whats wrong with you?
Daughter : ___________________. I unintentionally broke my friends glasses.
and she is angry with me now.
Mother : Youd better apologize to her and say if youll buy her new ones.
Dialog 2
Man : Why will you leave me. I really love you.
Woman : ______________________________________________.
Dialog 3
You : _____________________. How could he behave like that?
Your friend : Dont it bother you so much.



In this section, you will learn how to :
use expression of Love and Saness
perform a dialog expressing Love and Sadness.
Activity 1 Look at the pictures, and answer the questions!




1. What do you express when your little brothers crying?
2. If you feel sad what do you usually do to relieve your
sadness?
Speaking
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3. Whom should we express our love to?
4. Have you ever told somebody that you love him/her?
5. What did you say?
6. What do you want to do when you feel sad?
7. Is it better for you to tell someone that you feel sad or you just keep it?
Why is it so?
Activity 2 Read the following dialogue Then answer the questions

Mr Dodi : My dear, I'll possibly return home late.
Mrs Dodi : Is there an urgent meeting at your office, my dear?
Mr Dodi : Yeah. Don't you remember? It's the last week in the month. I should finish
my monthly report soon.
Mrs Dodi : OK then. But I won't open the door for you if you come home at midnight.
Mr Dodi : What about coming home early in the morning? So, I won't disturb you.
Mrs Dodi : Never mind. If you don't love me anymore, just leave me alone.
Mr Dodi : Honey, what do you mean? I don't understand. Frankly speaking, I love
you so much. So how can I leave you?
Mrs Dodi : Huh....
Mr Dodi : Come on, forgive me please, won't you?
Mrs Dodi : Forget it. I'm just kidding. Actually I can't take my eyes off of you because
I don't want you to leave me. You know how sorrowful my life will be if
you leave me.
Mr Dodi : (Dazing and smiling at his wife nicely.) Thank you, honey. You're the best.

Questions
1. Why did Mr. Dodi have to come home late at that time?
2. What expression did Mr. Dodi say to his wife to express his love?
3. Was Mrs. Dodi serious about what she said?
4. Do the couple love each other?
5. Is Mrs. Dody angry when her husband would come late?
6. What is meant by "I can't take my eyes off of you"?
7. Can you find the expressions of love in the dialogue?
8. Can you find the expression(s) of sadness in the dialogue?


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English Ebook, grade XI

Activity 3 Study the expressions of Love and Sadness.








Activity 4With a group, make a dialogue based on the following
situations and act it out.
1. Your best friend's father had just passed away. She/he feels deeply sad.
2. You express your love to your mother and thank her for everything she has done.
3. Your friend told you that she has just broken hearth and she feels sad of it.
4. You feel happy because you have succeed in your study and being accepted
in your ideal university.


In this section, you will learn how to :
read spoof texts
get meanings in spoof text
identify the Purpose, Generic structure and Language Features of
spoof text.

Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions:






Expressions of Love
I love you/I like you.
My dear/my love/my baby/my honey/
my /my darling.
Im interested in...
He is crazy about...


Expressions of sadness
Please leave me alone.
Im really sad.
How sorrowful it is.
It is tragic....
Reading
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1. Are you familar with this picture?
2. What is it?
3. Where does the story come from?
4. Mention some characteristics that you know about him?
5. What story do you know about it? Tell it in front of the class.
Activity 2 You are going to read the story. Here are some words taken
from the story. By consulting a dictionary, match the words
to their meanings or synonyms.


Words

Meanings/ synonyms
1. Palace (n)
2. stilts (n)
3. argue (v)
4. guard (n)
5. curious (adj)
6. jail (n)
7. pretend (v)
8. furious (adj)

a. eager to know about something.
b. person, eg a soldier or police officer,who watches
over somebody or something.
c. large slendid house,esp. the official home of king,
queen or president.
d. very angry
e. express disagreement
f. prison
g. one of the two poles with a support for the foot, used
for walking raised above the ground.
h. deceive

Activity 3 Read the text again and then answer the questions
Abu Nawas and the King Aaron
The king wanted to test Abu Nawas smartness. So he invited Abu Nawas to
the palace. You want me, your Majesty? greeted Abu Nawas. Yes, you have
fooled me three times and thats too much. I want you to leave the country.
Otherwise you will have to go to jail said the king. If that is what you want, I will do
what you said said Abu Nawas sadly. Then Remember, from tomorrow you may
not step on the ground of this country anymore the king said seriously. Then Abu
Nawas left the king palace sadly. The following morning the king ordered his two
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guards to go to Abu Nawas house. The guards were very surprised found Abu
Nawas still in his house. He had not left the country yet. Instead leaving the country,
Abu Nawas was swimming in small pool in front of his house. Hey Abu Nawas, why
havent you left this country yet? The king ordered you not to step on the ground of
this country anymore, didnt he? said the guards. Sure he did answered Abu
Nawas calmly. But look at me! Do I step on the ground of this country? No, I do not
step on the ground. I am swimming on the water continued Abu Nawas.
The guards were not able to argue with Abu Nawas so they left Abu Nawas
house and went back to the palace. The guards reported what they had seen to the
king. The king was curious on Abu Nawas excuse not to leave the country.
Therefore the king ordered his guard to call Abu Nawas to come to the palace. Abu
Nawas came to the palace on stilts. The king wondered and said Abu, I will surely
punish you because you havent done what I have said. You have not left this
country. The King continued And now, look at you. You walk on stilts like a child.
Are you crazy? The king pretended to be furious. I remember exactly what you said,
Your Majesty Abu Nawas answered calmly. This morning I took a bath in the small
pool in my house so that I had not to step on the ground. And since yesterday, I have
been walking on this stilts. So you see, Your Majesty, I do not step on the ground of
this country. The king was not able to say anything.
from: understandingtext.blogspot.com

Activity 4 Read the text and answer the following questions:
1. What is the text about?
2. What was Abu Nawas invited to the palace?
3. What did the guards see when they passed Abu Nawas s house the next
morning?
4. Why did Abu Nawas walk on stilts?
5. What happened to Abu Nawas then?
6. What is the genre of the text?
7. What is the purpose of the text?
8. What is the generic structure of the text?
9. What tense is mainly used in the text?
10. What other language features do you find in the text?
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Activity 5Read the following text. Pay attention to the text structure.


Title

Orientation

Event 1

Event 2



Event 3


Twist



Activity 6 Answer the questions
1. What was Jack?
2. Why did he have to leave university?
3. What did his father try to do?
4. Why did the professor not allow Jack to continue his study?
5. Which part is funny? Why is it funny?





We dont subcribe any newspapers
Jack was a university student. He studied history.
At the end of his first year, he failed in his examinaton
and he was told to leave the university.
The next day Jacks father went to see the professor.
He urgede the professor to let Jack continue his
studies the following year. Hes a good boy. Said
Jacks father. and if you let him pass this time. I sure
hell improve a lot next year and pass the examination
at the end of the year well.
No, No! Thats quite impossible, replied the
professor. Do you know last month I asked him when
Napoleon died, and he could not answer it.
Please, Sir, give him another chance, said Jacks
father. you see, we dont subscribe any
nwespapers in our house, so none of us even know
that Napoleon was ill.
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Activity 7 Read the text
That Phone is Off
Soon after he left college, Dave found one of his uncles who was very rich
and had no children of his own died and left him a lot of money, so he decided to set
up his own real estate agency.
Dave found a nice office. He bought some new furniture and moved in. He had only
been there for a few hours when he heard someone coming toward the door of his
office.
It must be my first customer Dave thought. He quickly picked up the telephone and
pretended to be very busy answering an important call from someone in New York
who wanted to buy a big and expensive house in the country.
The man knocked at the door while this was going on. He came in and waited
politely for Dave to finish his conversation on the phone. Then the man said to Dave,
I am from the telephone company and I was sent here to connect your telephone.
from: understandingtext.blogspot.com
Activity 8 Answer the questions
1. Which part is funny? What is it called?
2. What did Dave do after he had an office?
3. Why did Dave do when someone knocked at the door?
4. What is the genre of the text?
5. What is the writers purpose to write this text?
















Spoof Text
Definition and Social Function of Spoof
Spoof is a text which tells factual story, happened in the past time with unpredictable and
funny ending. Its social function is to entertain and share the story.

Generic Structure of Spoof
1. Orientation : (who were involved in thr story, where and when)
2. Events : (tell what happened in chronological order)
3. Twist : (provide the funniest part of the story)
Language Feature of Spoof
1. Focusing on people, animals or certain things
2. Using action verb; ate, ran, etc
3. Using adverbial of time and place; two days ago, in the garden
4. Using simple past tense; he pickep up the telephone.
taken from: understandingtext.blogspot.com
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In this section you will learn how to :
punctuate and capitalize the text
write spoof text

Activity 1 Answer the questions.

1. Have you ever written a story?
2. What do you do first when you write a spoof?
3. Do you still remember the generic structure of a spoof?
Mention it!

Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalize the following story.
two men were walking through the woods and come across a very big deep hole
"wow...that looks deep " one replied sure does... toss a few pebbles in there and
we will see how deep this hole is " then they pick up a few pebbles and throw them in
and wait... no noise " gees that is really deep... here.. throw one of these great big
rocks down there those should make a noise" after that, they pick up a couple
football-sized rocks and toss them into the hole and wait... and wait but no noise
they heard
Wow.. they were really impressed with how deep hole it was they look at each other
in amazement one gets a determined look on his face and says, "hey...over here in
the weeds, there's a railroad tie help me carry it over here when we toss that sucker
in this hole, it's must make some noise"
the two men drag the heavy tie over to the hole and heave it in but not a sound
comes from the hole suddenly, out of the nearby woods a goat appears running like
the wind it rushes toward the two men then right past them running as fast as its legs
will carry it suddenly it leaps in the air and into the hole he goat disappeared into the
deep hole.




Writing
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Activity 3Work in pairs. Read the following text then answer the
questions.
The Zoo Job Story
One day a clown was visiting the zoo and attempted to earn some money by making
a street performance. He acted and mimed perfectly some animal acts. As soon as
he started to drive a crowd, a zoo keeper grabbed him and dragged him into his
office. The zoo keeper explained to the clown that the zoo's most popular gorilla had
died suddenly and the keeper was fear that attendance at the zoo would fall off. So
he offered the clown a job to dress up as the gorilla until the zoo could get another
one. The clown accepted this great opportunity.
So the next morning the clown put on the gorilla suit and entered the cage before the
crowd came. He felt that it was a great job. He could sleep all he wanted, played and
made fun of people and he drove bigger crowds than he ever did as a clown. He
pretended the gorilla successfully.
However, eventually the crowds were tired of him for just swinging on tires. He
began to notice that the people were paying more attention to the lion in the next
cage. Not wanting to lose the attention of his audience, he decided to make a
spectacular performance. He climbed to the top of his cage, crawled across a
partition, and dangled from the top to the lion's cage. Of course, this made the lion
furious, but the crowd people loved it.
At the end of the day the zoo keeper came and gave him a raise for being such a
good attraction. Well, this went on for some time, he kept taunting the lion, the
audience crowd grew a larger, and his salary kept going up. Then one terrible day
happened. When he was dangling over the furious lion, he slipped and fell into the
lion cage. The clown was really in big terrible situation. He was terrified.
Sooner the lion gathered itself and prepared to pounce. The clown was so scared.
He could do nothing and he began to run round and round the cage with the lion
close and closer behind. Finally, the lion could catch him. The clown started
screaming and yelling, "Help me, help me!", but the lion was quick and pounces. The
clown soon found himself flat on his back looking up at the angry lion and suddenly
he heard a voice from the lions mouth;"Shut up you idiot! Do you want to get us both
fired?"
1. How was the clown gaining his life?
2. Why did the zoo keeper grab him into the office?
3. What was the job given to the clown?
4. Was the clown pleased with his new job?
5. Do you find the twist of the story? Mention it!


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Activity 3 Find out the elements of the storyThe Zoo Job Story and
complete this chart. Do it in pairs!




Activity 5Summarize the story of the zoo job story by completing the
following map
The Zoo Job Story










Activity 6 Now, write your own simple funny text. Before writing
- Dont forget to organize the generic structure of the text.
- Make pointers / out lines of paragraph.
- Choose the suitable vocabularies that support your text.
- Check the tenses of verbs in every sentence.
-Check the arrangement of words in every sentence.
-Check capital letters and punctuations in every sentence and paragraph.

Beginning
..

.
Place

.
Character

.
Events
..

.
End

..

.
Middle

.
twist
..

.
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Unit 5

Amazing Stories



















Listening
Listening to Narrative text.
Responding to axpressions of attitude ( asking for
And giving an opinion, agreement and disagreement)

Speaking
Expressing attitude ( asking for and giving an opinion,
agreement and disagreement )
Retelling a monolog of Narrative text
Reading
Reading Narrative text
Writing
Writing Narrative text

In This Unit
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In this section, you will learn how to:
respond to someone expressing attitude ( giving opinion, agreement and
disagreement);
respond to narrative texts.

LOOK AT THE PICTURE BELOW ! WHAT ARE THEY DOING?



Expressing what we feel and think is good as long as we know how to express them
properly. Do you want to know how to do it very well? Learn useful expressions and
more in this unit.

Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Put forward your
opinion

1. What do you say if you agree with someone?
2. And what do you say when you disagree with someones opinion?
2. In your opinion, is it important for parents to tell a bed story before their children
slept ?
3. What do you think about education quality nowadays?
4. Do you agree that Indonesian children must get nine years compulsory education?





Listening
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Activity 2 The following sentences are taken from the text you
just listened. Match the bold and underlined word with
the definitions.


Sentences
1. "There's nothing I can do about this problem now," she sighed.
2. The man took his cart to the city carrying fruits and vegetables.
3. My brother went to the city to fetch a doctor because I was sick.
4. She got a tiny book from her uncle.
5. What they said didn't convince their father.

Definitions
a. to go to the place where something or someone is and bring them back
b. to make someone feel certain that something is true
c. to take a deep breath
d. vehicle for carrying loads, usually pulled by a horse
e. extremely small

Activity 3 Complete the dialogue based on the dialog listened,
and answer the questions.

This is a dialogue between staff members. They are talking about the meeting
they just attended. Study the dialogue and answer the questions that follow.

Nia : Well, that was one of the lively committee meetings I've attended.
Udin : .......1.......... The discussion became quite heated at times.
Nia : I felt a bit sorry for Dita when she challenged the chairman about the
accounts.
Udin : I did too. The chairman really made mincemeat of her.
Nia : That was because Dita hadn't got all her facts right.
Udin : .......2..........I think she'll prepare a bit more thoroughly next time she thinks
about doing something like that.



Source: www.dailyenglish626.com
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Questions
1. What does Nia think about the meeting?
2. Does Udin agree with her?
3. What does he say?
4. Why did Nia feel sorry to Dita?
5. Could the chairman beat Ditas argument?

Activity 4 Listen to the conversation.

This dialogue is a part of a situation in a meeting.
Samsul : Before I begin the report, I'd like to get some ideas from you all. How do
you feel about rural sales in your sales districts?......1......we go round
the table first to get all of your input.
Nyoman: .....2...... we have been focusing too much on urban customers and
their needs. The way I see things, we need to return to our rural base by
developing an advertising campaign to focus on their particular needs.
Anita` :.........3.........I thinkrural customers want to feel as
important as our customers living in cities.....4...........we give our rural
sales teams more help with advanced customer information reporting.
Johan : Excuse me, I didn't catch that. Could you repeat that, please?
Anita : I just stated that we need to give our rural sales teams better customer
information reporting.
Nyoman : I don't quite follow you. What exactly do you mean?
Anita : Well, we provide our city sales staff with database information on all of our
larger clients. .........5......be providing the same sort of knowledge on our
rural customers to our sales staff there.
Samsul : Would you like to add anything, Ms Mutia?
Mutia : I must admit I never thought about rural sales that way before. ......6.......
withMs Anita.
Samsul : Well, let me begin my presentation. As you can see, we are developing
new methods to reach out to our rural customers.
Nyoman .........7.....we break up into groups and discuss the ideas we've presented.
Samsul : ........8.........
Source: www.teachingenglishzone.blogspot.com

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Activity 4 Answer the questons based on the text above.

1. What is the topic of the meeting?
2. Who is the first giving the input?
3. What is the first input?
4. Does Anita agree with the input?
5. What does she say?
6. Who agrees with Anita?
7. How does she express her agreement?
8. Why does she agree with Anitas opinion?
9. What does Nyoman suggest to the members?
10. Is his suggestion accepted?

LISTENING TO NARRATIVE TEXT

Activity 5 Answer the following questions orally.
1. Are you used to listen to a bedtime story before you slept?
2. What stories do you still remember?
3. What are they about?
4. Did the stories teach you something?


Activity 6 Answer the following questions based on the listening
text.







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1. Who are the characters in the story?
2. What did the mouse beg the lion?
3. what did the mouse do when the lion opened his claws?
4. What happened to the lion?
5. Why did the lion thank to the mouse at ;last?




In this section you will learn how to:
Express agreement and disagreement

Activity 1 Take a look at the following picture. And then answer the
questions.





1. What is home schooling?

2. Do you agree with that? Why? Why not?

3. Who is appropriate to take home
schooling for?

4. Do you think that home schooling is
better than public school?

Activity 2 Study the following dialog. And then answer the
questions.


Katrin : Hello, guys. Well have a long school holiday next week. What
do you think about going to mountain for hiking?
Julia : I am not sure about that. It is rainy season now, isnt it? I am
afraid that the track will be slippery and the fog will distract our
journey. How about going to the beach? I think going there will
not be so worrying. If it rain we can find.
Amanda : Thats exactly how I feel, Julia. I prefer going to the beach to
going to mountain. I love beach very much.
Lesly : But wait before we go to the beach, how about visiting the
Speaking
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victims of flood and giving an aid. We can collect some used
cloths or instant noodle that we can get from our friends.
Katri : Thats good idea. I have to side with you on this one.
Amanda : Exactly. Alright, guys. Lets go to the cafeteria now to have some
meals.

1. What do they talk about?
2. What did Julia express on response to Katrins idea?
3. How about Amanda? Did she agree with Julias idea?
4. How about Leslie? Did she have another idea? If yes, what is that?
5. Where does the dialog take place?
6. Which expressions show agreement and disagreement in the dialog?

Activity 3Study the following ways in asking for opinion,
expressing agreement and disagreement.


Asking for an opinion
What's your idea?
What are your thoughts on all of this?
How do you feel about that?
Do you have anything to say about this?
What do you think?
Do you agree?
Wouldn't you say?

Giving Opinions

Here are some expressions usually used to give opinions.
In my opinion
I think
I (really) feel that...
The way I see things...
If you ask me,... I tend to think that...
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English Ebook, grade XI


Expressing agreement
I agree with you 100 percent.
I couldn't agree with you more.
That's so true.
That's for sure.
(slang) Tell me about it!
You're absolutely right.
Absolutely.
That's exactly how I feel.
Exactly.
I'm afraid I agree with James.
I have to side with Dad on this one.
No doubt about it.
(agree with negative statement)
Me neither.
(weak) I suppose so./I guess so.
You have a point there.
I was just going to say that.

Expressing
disagreement

I don't think so.
(strong) No way.
I'm afraid I disagree.
(strong) I totally disagree.
I beg to differ.
(strong) I'd say the exact opposite.
Not necessarily.
That's not always true.
That's not always the case.
No, I'm not so sure about that.

Activity 5Work in pairs.Make a short dialog using the xpressions
that you have studied.









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In this section, you will learn how to:
read narrative texts
get meanings in Narrative text
identify the Purpose, Generic structure and language language Features of
Narrative text.

Activity 1 Answer the following questions.

1. Have you ever been jealous of your friend? Why?
2. In your opinion, is being jealous good?
3. What will you do if your best friend is jealous of you?

Activity 2 Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the
structure of Narrative text.
http://rifdahm.blogspot.com/2011/06/old-woman-and-sparrow.html
The Old Woman and The Sparrow
Once upon a time, there lived a kind hearted man and his wife. One morning, his
wife found a poor little sparrow. She took it gently and fed it. To show its gratitude,
the sparrow stayed with them and sang every morning. But there was an ill-tempered
old woman who didn't like the sparrow. She cut the sparrow's tongue. That's why the
bird flew away to its previous nest.
Reading
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English Ebook, grade XI

Knowing that their sparrow flew away, the kind man and his wife looked for the
sparrow. They walked a long way, crossed the bridges, climbed the mountains and
passed the woods.
At last, they could find the sparrow's nest. The sparrow welcomed them and provided
a feast for them. Before they went home, the sparrow brought two baskets; one was
large and looked heavy, and the other one was small and light. The sparrow asked
them to choose only one. They chose the small and that was the best choice. There
were many rolls of silk and piles of gold in it.
Being jealous, the ill-tempered old woman did the same thing as the kind man and
his wife did. She chose the big basket which actually contained wasps and
venomous crawlers, such as scorpions, centipedes, and other horrible creatures.
Finally, they stung and bit her to death.
Activity 3 Answer these questions
1. Who are the characters in the story?
2. What did his wife find?
3. Can you describe the characteristic of the old woman?
4. Why did the old woman cut the sparrows tongue?
5. What happened to the birds after its tongue was cut?
6. What is the main idea of second paragraph?
7. How did the sparrow welcome them?
8. What was in the small basket?
9. What happened to the old woman?
10. What lesson do you get from the story?
Activity 4 Find the synonyms or meanings of these words in
dictionary.d

s1. gratitude
2. kind hearted
3. ill tempered
4. the woods
5. feast
6.previous
7. gently
8. creature
9. choose
10. jealous


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English Ebook, grade XI


Narrative
Social function :
to amuse, entertain and to deal with problematic events which lead to a crisis or
turning point of some kind, which in turn fi nds a resolution.
Generic structure:
Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants.
Evaluation : stepping back to evaluate the plight.
Complication : a crisis arises.
Resolution : the crisis is resolved, for better or for worse.
Reorientation (optional).
Language Features :
Focus on specific and individualized participants
The use of material process (action verbs)
The use of adverb and adverbial phrases
The use of time connectives and conjunctions
The use of verbal processes ( saying verbs)
The use of adjectives and adjectives phrases






In this section, you will hear how to :
write narrative text


Activity 1 Answer the following question orally.


1. Indonesia, our beloved country, is rich of cultures and traditions. One
of them is folktale. Can you mention some folktales from your region?
2. If yes will you mention some?
3. What is your favorite?
4. When were the folktales told?




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Writing
English Ebook, grade XI


Activity 2 Arrange the following jumble paragraphs into a good order.


The myth of Malin Kundang

A. Unfortunately, when the mother came, Malin Kundang who was in front
of his well dressed wife and his ship crews denied meeting that lonely old
woman. For three times her mother begged Malin Kundang and three
times he yelled at her.

B. One day, when Malin Kundang was sailing, he saw a merchants ship which
was being raided by a small band of pirates. He helped the merchant.
With his brave and power, Malin Kundang defeated the pirates. The
merchant was so happy and thanked to him. In return the merchant
asked Malin Kundang to sail with him to get a better life. Malin Kundang
agreed. He left his mother alone.


C. At last, Malin Kundang said to her, enough, old woman! I have never had
a mother like you, a dirty and ugly woman!. After that, he ordered his
crews to set sail. He would leave the old mother again but in that time
she was full of both sadness and angriness.

D. Finally, enraged, she cursed Malin Kundang that he would turn a stone if
he didnt apologize. Malin Kundang just laughed and really set sail. IN the
quiet sea, suddenly a thunderstorm came. His huge ship was wrecked and
it was too late for Malin Kundang to apologize. He was thrown by the
wave out of the ship. He fell on a small island. It was really too late for
him to avoid his curse, he turned into a stone.

E. A long time ago, in a small village near the beach in West Sumatra, a
woman and her son lived. They were malin Kundang and her mother. Her
mother was simple parent because Malin Kundangs father had passed
away when he was a baby. Malin Kundang had to live hard with his mother.
Malin Kundang was a healthy, diligent, and strong boy. He usually went to
sea to catch fish. After getting fish he would bring it to his mother, or
sold the caught fish in the town.

F. Many years later, Malin Kundang became wealthy. He had a huge ship and
was helped by many ship crews loading trading goods. Perfectly he had a
beautiful wife too. When he was sailing his trading journey, his ship landed
on a beach near a small village. The villagers recognized him. The news ran
fast in the town: Malin Kundang has become rich and now he is here.





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English Ebook, grade XI


Activity 3 Study the following text. And then analyze the text based on the
generic structure of the narrative text.


PAK Pelit is the head of the village. He also the richest
man. He owns alot of paddy fields. All the farmers work
for him, they don't have their own paddy fields.


The villagers call him Pak Pelit because he is very stingy.
Pak Pelit has a son. His name is Budiman. Unlike Pak
Pelit, Budiman is very generous to the villager. That's why
people call him Budiman.


It's harvest time. According to their belief, the villagers
have to hold a party to welcome the harvest. If not, the
harvest will fail. They will not have good rice. The farmers
then ask Pak Pelit to hold a party. At first Pak Pelit doesn't
agree. But he is afraid not to get good rice.



Then they have a party. Suddenly an old woman comes.
She asks for some food. Budiman sees what happens.
He secretly takes some food and gives it to the old
woman.

..
Nobody knows that the old woman has a supernatural
power. She then stamps her foot on the ground On the
place the old woman stamps up, slowly water comes out.
More and more water comes out. Budiman asks his father
to save himself. But Pak Pelit doesn't want to do it. He
wants to save his belongings first. Budiman then asks the
villagers to go to the higher ground.

Water is now high. Pak Pelit and his belongings are down
in the water. Budiman and the villagers are sad.





Their village now gone and becomes a lake. Budiman
suggests the villagers to live their new place. He also
suggests the people to use the water in the lake as
source of the irrigation for their paddy fields.





The farmers work hard. They produce rice with good
quality. More and more people come and live there. The
village now become a town. They call it Cianjur. Ci means
water and anjur means suggestion. The villagers are
thankful to Budiman's suggestion.***

..

Activity 4


Get some folktales from your region. Then rewrite one of the stories as your
favorite in your own words.

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English Ebook, grade XI




Unit 6

What we should do or should not do



















Listening
Listening to monolog of Hortatory Exposition text
Speaking
Expressing Anger, Annoynce and Embarrassement
Reading
Reading Hortatory Exposition text
Writing
Writing hortatory Exposition text


In This Unit
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English Ebook, grade XI



. In this section you learn how to:
Respond to hortatory exposition text

Activity 1 Answer the following questions




1. What is that?

2. What is the function?

3. What do you think about wearing this
one in riding motorcycle?



Activity 2Listen to the cassette. Fill in the blanks while you are
listening.


Why Should Wearing a Helmet when Motorcycling

We often hear lots of stories from road regarding people taking spill on motorcycle
when they are (1) _______ without using helmet. Mostly the riders badly (2)
_______ in mess.
Wearing a fitted protective helmet offers many benefits which (3) ________ the
negative aspects of riding. First and the most important is that wearing the (4)
________helmet can save a rider's life, physical ability, family (5) ________, and
money. The recommended designs of motorcycle helmets can provide total (6)
_________ They not only protect riders from getting a worse road (7)
________accident but also from flying bugs, such as rain, sleet, mud and other
(8) _______ projectiles.
Second, wearing a helmet can gives the raiders a matter of (9) ______. Helmets
give the opportunity for rider to express the (10) _______ they may want to
project when riding on the way. This (11) ________ may not be important to some
people, but to others, it means a lot and important. By choosing the most
appropriate helmet from all of the various styles, such as beanie, shortly, German,
and many others, wearing a helmet which can projecting an image is an inherent
(13) ______ part of motorcycling and help (14) _______ feel more confident when
riding on the road.
Listening
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English Ebook, grade XI

However, what most important is wearing helmet when riding is a matter of using
it properly. Bikers should use the helmets which are fixed to their head. It is really
not good if they place simply the helmets on the head without settling them
properly. The bikers should (15) _______ the helmet correctly to their head in
order to get safe and comfort.


Activity 3Here are some words which are stated in the text. Match
them with their synonym on the right side. Use their
context to help you.



Words


synonym

1. spill
2. protective
3. potentials
4. benefit
5. appropriate
6. crucial
7. fasten
8. comfort

a. tie up
b. advantage
c. ease
d. probable
e. fall
f. defensive
g. vital
h. proper



Activity 4Once again you are going to listen to a text from the CD.
Then answer the following questions.


1. What is online job?
2. What is the advantage of having online job?
3. Why online job is considered as great opportunity?
4. What jobs that we can work online?







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English Ebook, grade XI



In this section, you will learn how to :
express anger, annoyance and embarrassment
perform a monologue of a hortatory exposition text
Activity 1Look at the pictures! What do you think about them?


Activity 2 Read the following dialog and then acit it out.

Mother is talking Eric that Erics teaher has made a phone call this morning.

Mother : Whats the matter with you? Your teacher called me this morning
Eric : OhNo, Mom, really? I won't meet him. I feel embarrassed about seeing
him.
Mother : Err... what's happened?
Eric : Nothing. But my friends say that he saw me cheating.
Mother : Is that what makes you avoid him?
Eric : Yes, Dad. He was angry with me
Mother : Honey, listen to me! It's not good to avoid him, just go and tell him the truth.
You should admit it by yourself that you are wrong.
Eric : Okay then. I'll try to explain it. Thanks,mom.
Mother : That's my boy !







Speaking
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English Ebook, grade XI

Activity 3 Ways to say it

Expression of anger Expression of annoyance Expression of embarrassment
Im very annoyed.
Youre getting me angry
It is extremely irritating.
you trying to make me angry
What a nuisance!

You burn me up.
Oh, hell !
Oh no!
It makes me mad.

Oh, dear!
Im losing my mind
I cant take it anymore
Oh, bother!
It anooys me.


Im fed up with
What a nuisance!
Oh no, whats next?
Im very annoyed
Thats the last straw!

Im so embarrassed.
It really makes me ashamed
Im ashamed, sorry.
How embarrassing
Im shy to say so.

Tell me it didnt happened
Its embarrassing.
Tell me it never happened
Im bashful to ...

Expressions of Anger
Activity 4With a partner, write dialogues based on the following
situations. Then act one of them out.

Situation 1
Rhonda was bored on a Friday night, so she decided to call her friend Lily to hang
out. Sadly, Lily said she was busy, so Rhonda decided to call her boyfriend.Scott.
Scott also said he was busy. Although Rhonda was disappointed.she decided to
goto see a movie. When she arrived at the theater, she saw Scott and Lily laughing
together and having a good time. Rhonda marched over to Scott and slapped him.

Situation 2
Carter agreed to help tutor hisfriend, Balley, in calculus. Carter was known to be an
A+ student, but Balley not so much. When they met at the library, they got right to
work but by the first problem,
Balley couldnt understand, Carter tried many different ways to explain it, but she
didnt get it. He was getting frustated. After four hours and still stuck on the first
problem, Carter decided to leave.
Situation 3
Tess was excited to get the solo for the big choir event at her school. she practised
over and over to make sure to get it right. Everyone knew how hard she had worked
and was looking forward to hearing her sing. But when the time came, Tess forgot
the words! Embarrssed, Tess ran off stage.




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English Ebook, grade XI



In this section, you will learn how to :
read hortatory exposotion text text.
get meanings in hortatory exposition text
identify the Purpose, Generic structure and language language Features of
hortatory exposition text.


Activity 1Look at the pictures. Then answer the question!
Picture1 Picture 2



1. Explain what you see in picture 1.
2. When riding a motorcycle, is it necessary wear a helmet? Give your reason?
3. Do you know how to use the right helmet?
4. Do you know what the benefits of wearing helmet are?
Activity 2 Read the following text. Then answer the question!

We often hear lots of stories from road regarding people taking spill on
motorcycle when they are riding without using helmet. Mostly the riders badly end
up in mess.
Wearing a fitted protective helmet offers many benefits which reduces the
negative aspects of riding. First and the most important is that wearing the correct
helmet can save a rider's life, physical ability, family pain, and money. The
recommended designs of motorcycle helmets can provide total protection. They not
only protect riders from getting a worse road injured accident but also from flying
bugs, such as rain, sleet, mud and other potential projectiles.
Second, wearing a helmet can give the raiders a matter of style. Helmets
give the opportunity for rider to express the image they may want to project when
Reading
What do you think?
31
English Ebook, grade XI

riding on they way. This benefit may not be important to some people, but to others,
it means a lot and important. By choosing the most appropriate helmet from all of the
various styles, such as beanie, Shorty, German, and many others, wearing a helmet
which can projecting an image is an inherent crucial part of motorcycling and help
riders feel more confident when riding on the road.
However, what most important is wearing helmet when riding is a matter of
using it properly. Bikers should use the helmets which are fixed to their head. It is
really not good if they place simply the helmets on the head without settling them
properly. The bikers should fasten the helmet correctly to their head in order to get
safe and comfort.

Questions:
1. What is the topic of the text?
2. What are the recommended designs for motorcycle helmets?
3. What does paragraph 2 tell you?
4. What is the writers suggestion of wearing helmet?
5. What is the purpose of the text?
6. Do you believe to the writer that wearing a helmet also increases confidence?
7. What is the suitable title of the text?
8. The important of using helmet correctly is found in paragraph?
9. to their head in order to get safe and comfort.(last paragraph). The word
their refer to
10. What does the writer suggest to the biker?


Activity 3 Look at the picture then answer the questions!







1. Mention the clean city in the world!
2. What do you feel if your surroundings clean?
3. What is your endeavor to keep our city clean?
4. Mention the benefits of cleanliness!


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English Ebook, grade XI

Activity 4 Read the text and then do the exercise
Lets Make City Clean and Fresh
A clean and fresh city will surely make the inhabitants healthy. Every morning
especially in dry season, all roads must be watered with clean water and swept by
the workers of the regional government under the Majors instruction.
To keep the people from heavy pollution caused by cars, trucks and motorcycles,
enough trees must be planted along all roads. Every building or house in the city
must be surrounded short and small trees which bear colorful flower.
Bad and improper habits which cause disadvantages, bad smell and dangerous
diseases to people such as smoking and throwing rubbish anywhere should be
stopped at once.
The major of each city will have to think over the way how to educate people, so that
they realize on how important cleanliness and health are for their own sake. Building
more public lavatories at every busy place is very badly needed.
It will be wise if the Major decides a certain amount of fine to be paid by those who
disobey the government regulation on cleanliness matter. A man who urinate not at
lavatory, smoke not at smoking room or throw rubbish at the roads should be fined
for instance. Besides dirtying the environment with cigarettes butts, smoking will
also cause pollution and lungs disease to other people.
So bad habits and impolite attitude should be immediately stopped, otherwise the
city will be dirty, unhealthy badly polluted and will never attract foreign or domestic
tourists.







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English Ebook, grade XI

Activity 5Find out the meaning of the following words in column A with the
definition/ meaning in column B .Then make sentences use your
own words!

A. Words

B. Definition /meaning

1. the inhabitants : [ noun] /inhbitnt/
2. cleanliness : [adj] / klenlins/
3. sake : [noun]/ seik/
4. urinate : [ verb] / jurineit/
5. lavatory : [ noun]/ lvtri/
6. fine : [ verb] /fain/
7. butts : [ noun]/ bt/
8. impro : [ adj] /improp(r)


a. penalize in monetary way
b. person who is resident of
habitation
c. not suitable
d. end, shaft
e. benefit
f. habitually neat and clean
g. a room equipped with toilet
facilities
h. have to go, micturate, pee,
peepee, take a leak, tinkle, wiz



















Hortatory Exposition
Hortatory exposition. It aims to persuade the reader or listener that something
should or shouldnt be the case.
Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition;
1. A thesis which contains the announcement or issue.
2. Arguments which present reasons for concern leading the recommendation.
3. Recommendation which states of what ought or ought not to happen.

Language Feature of Hortatory Exposition
1. Focusing on the writer: using the first personal pronoun we
2. Using abstract noun; benefits, importance, etc
3. Using action verb; ride, wear etc
4. Using thinking verb; think, seem etc
5. Using modal adverb; certainly, surely, etc
6. Using temporal connective; firstly, secondly, etc
7. Using evaluative words; important, valuable, trustworthy, etc
8. Using passive voice.
9. Using simple present tense

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English Ebook, grade XI



In this section, you will learn how to :
write hortatory exposition
Acivity 1 Study the text below and put the generic structure of
the text

Generic Structure


Text

......


More Dust Bins is Cleaner


....
To improve comfort and cleanliness at the school, there
should be an increasing number of dust bins.


......
When we look at classroom, school corridors and
schoolyard, there papers, mineral water cops, straws, and
napkin everywhere. The condition of unseemliness really
hinders learning and teaching environment. They can be filled
out with water coming from the rain. This can be placed for
mosquito to spread out.



......
Anyway I notice that most of the students have responsibilities
for their school environment. They put their litter on the proper
place but some of them are not diligent enough to find the dust
bins. The numbers of the dust bins in the school are not enough.
More dust bins should be put beside each step, outside of the
classrooms and some along of the corridors. Probably one dust
bin should be in every ten meters. So when students want to
throw away their litters, they can find the dust bins easily.

......
When school is equipped with sufficient dust bins, students do
not have problem of discomfort any more.


Writing
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English Ebook, grade XI

Acivity 2 Work in pair. Complete the text with their thesis,
recomendation and supply the best title.

Title





Thesis









Argument 1
There are those who do not approve of the way
rockers dress and behave. Some go further and
accuse rockers of satanism. For example Ozzy
Osbourne, a famous rock star,often bit the head
off small animals and drink their blood on the
stage. Many people considered such actions
affiliated with satanism.


Arguments 2
There also occasions where teens commit
suicide after going to a concert or lostening to
music. Such cases strengthen the conviction of
many people that rock music, such aseavy metal
and underground music is truly a bad ainfluence.


Recomendation



___________________

Source : Look ahead 2 , Erlangga



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English Ebook, grade XI




































English Ebook, grade XI