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the

used to point to something already


mentioned
be used to show the identity of a thing
of
belonging to or connected with
something
and used to join words or groups of words
to used to indicate place or direction
a something that is being considered
in
used to indicate being inside of or
surrounded by something else
have to own, possess, or hold something
it
a thing that has been previously
mentioned
you
used to refer to the person the speaker
is addressing
for
indicating the purpose or need of
something
not used to make an expression negative
that
used to identify a specific person,
thing, fact or idea
on
touching and being supported or
physically in contact by something
with
used to express that people or things
are together
do
to perform an action or activity; to work
on something
as
used to refer to the same degree or
amount
he
used to refer to a male person that is
the subject
we
used to refer to the speaker and
another person as the subject
this
used to identify a specific person,
thing, or idea that is close
at
used to indicate place, location, or
arrival
they
used to refer to two or more people,
animals, or things
but
used to contrast a statement with a to
previous one
from
indicating the starting point of motion
or action
by
close to or next to, up to and beyond,
beside a place
will
expressing the future, to say
something is expected to happen
or
used to link alternatives, to introduce
another choice
his
belonging to or relating to a male who
has already been talked about
say
to use your voice to express something
with words
go
to move or travel from one place to
another
she
used to refer to a female that is the
subject
so
to a degree that is suggested or
stated
all the whole, entire or total amount
about
on the subject of, or concerning
something
if
introducing a condition for something
to happen
one the number 1, a single person or thing
my
belonging to or relating to the person
who is speaking or writing
know
to have in your mind, be aware of
something
there in that place or position, at that location
which
what one or ones of a group, one or
more people or things
can to be able to do something
get
to obtain, receive or be given
something
her
used to refer to a female who has
already been talked about
would
indicating someone thinking about
what will happen
think to believe or have a particular idea
like
to find something agreeable or
enjoyable
more greater in amount, number, or size
their
belonging to or relating to a group that
have already been talked about
your
belonging or relating to the person or
people you are talking to
when
at what time, at, in, during which, how
soon
what
asking for information about someone
or something
make to build, create, or produce something
time
something measured in minutes,
hours, days, etc.
who
what or which person or people, to ask
about, talking about
see
to notice or become aware of with the
eyes
up
to move towards a high place from a
lower one
people
human beings in general, plural of
person
some
used to refer to an unspecified amount
or number
out
in a direction or movement away from
the inside or center
me the person who is speaking or writing
good of high quality
other
used to mention a person or thing is
different from already mentioned
year
a unit of time equal to 12 months or
365 days
well
in a successful way, in a good or
satisfactory way
our
belonging to or relating to the person
who is speaking and one or more other
people
very to a high degree
just exactly, to an exact degree or manner
them
a group of people, animals, or things
that have already been talked about
no
not at all, in a way that shows a
negative response
take
to carry or move with one's hands, to
reach for
because for a reason
come to move toward someone, to approach
could
used as the past tense of can, to
indicate possibility
use to do something with another thing
work
to have a job or activity involving
mental or physical effort
then
at that time, at the time mentioned,
after that
now at the present time or moment
also in addition, too, in a similar way
than
used to introduce a second part that is
being compared
him
someone male who has already been
talked about
into
introduce movement toward the inside
of something
only alone in a class or category
want to desire or wish for
look
to direct one's gaze in a particular
direction
these plural form of THIS
its
belonging to or relating to the thing that
has already been talked about
new not old, recently born, built or created
give
to hand over or present something to
another
first
coming before all others in time or
place
way
a manner or characteristic of
something
thing
an object, animal, or quality doesn't
have a specific name
any
used to refer to something not
particular or specific
over
in an upward direction across
something
right to be true, correct or acceptable
after following in time, at a later time
find to discover something
day
each of the 24 hours beginning at
midnight
where to be in at or in what place?
most almost all of something
should
used to indicate what is proper or
reasonable
need
require because it is essential or
important
much large in amount or extent
how by what means or manner?
back the rear surface of something
mean
to have in mind as your purpose or
intention
may
used to express possibility or
probability
such like or similar
us
the person who is speaking or writing
and one or more other people
here in this place, at this location or position
really very or very much
even being flat, equal or smooth
company
a business that sells thing or provides
services
those plural of THAT
many used to refer a large number of things
child a young person
tell
to say or communicate information to
someone
last coming after others, final
call
to speak, announce or shout in a loud
voice
down
going from a higher position to a lower
position
yes
used to give a positive answer or reply
to a question, request, or offer
before at an earlier time, in front of
man an adult male human being
through into one side and out of the other side
show to cause or allow to be seen
life
the existence of a human being or
animal
between in the space that separates to objects
lot
a small piece of land that is or could be
used for building something or for
some other purpose
feel
to be aware of or experience an
emotion or sensation
place a particular area or region
change to make or become different
long extending a great distance
too in addition, also
pause
a temporary stop:a period of time in
which something is stopped before it is
started again
still
used to express that an action or
condition continues
write
to compose letters and words on a
surface
problem
something that is difficult to deal with
or needs to overcome
talk
using words to express opinions or
give information
try
to make an effort, to attempt to do
something
something
a thing that is not yet know, specified
or named
unclear not easy to understand
same identical, not different
great very large in size, extent or amount
number
a word or symbol that stands for a
specific amount or quantity
leave to go away from, depart from
little small in size, amount, or degree
both
used to emphasis two things at the
same time
meet to be introduced for the first time
help
to assist in order to make it easier for
someone to do a job
own when something belongs to someone
ask to request
part one of the pieces of a whole
country
an area, nation that is controlled by
government
put
to move or place in a particular
position
point
an idea that you try to make others
accept or understand
start to begin doing something
school a place where children go to learn
each every one of two more things
become to begin to be, grow to be, develop into
interest
a feeling of wanting to know or learn
about something
old
having lived for many years, no longer
young
off away from a place or at a distance
another one more in addition
different not of the same kind, unlike in nature
high rising upward a great distance
next coming immediately after this time
include to have as a part of a group
late
happening near the end of a given
time
why for what reason or purpose
live
to be alive, to remain or continue to be
alive
end
a point that marks the limit of
something
world
the earth and all people and things on
it
week
a period of seven days, starts on
Sunday and end on Saturday
must
used to say that something is required
or necessary
while during the time that, at the same time
never not ever, not at any time
study devoting time to learn about something
kind having a friendly, gentle nature
report a story given about a particular matter
play to do activities for fun or enjoyment
house a building in which a family lives
group
a number of people or things located
or gathered together
might to say something is possible
home
the place where a person or a family
lives
course
the route or direction that something
moves along
let to allow or permit to do something
case an example or instance of something
system
a set of related parts that move or work
together
again one more time, once more
hear
to be aware of sound, to perceive with
the ear
woman an adult female human being
family
a group of people who are related to
each other
book
a printed or written work that is bound
together and has a cover
seem to appear to be something
around
located on every side or along
something
during throughout the entire time
keep
to continue holding or retaining
possession of
big large in size or extent
follow to come after, to move or travel behind
every
including each person or thing in a
group
question to ask for or elicit information
under to be below something
important having great significance
always at all times
friend
a person who you like and enjoy being
with
however used to introduce a different statement
set
to put or stand something in a place or
position
hand
the body parts at the end of a person's
arm
provide to make available, to supply for use
small little in size, not great in amount
turn to move around a central point
state a way of living or existing
begin to do the first part of an action, to start
run
to move with your legs at a speed that
is faster than walking
since because, for the reason that
early
at or near the beginning of time, done
before the expected time
money
something used to pay for goods and
services
few not many, a small number
bring to take or go with to a place,
market
a place that products are bought and
sold
information
facts or data about a situation, person,
event, etc.
area a part or section in a large place
move
to cause to go in a specified direction
or manner
business
the activity of making, buying, selling or
providing goods
service
the action of helping or doing work for
someone
government
the group of people who officially
control a country
fact
something that is known or proved to
be true
issue
problems that people are talking or
thinking about
thank
to tell (someone) that you are grateful
for something that he or she has done
or given
large great in size, extent, or capacity
result
a thing that is caused by something
else that happened
read
to look at and comprehend the
meaning of something written
month
one of the 12 periods of time a year is
broken into
order
an instruction or direction that must be
obeyed
increase
to become larger or greater in size,
amount, or degree
name
a word that addressed or refers to a
specific person
love feel great affection for
word a unit of language that has a meaning
without
not having or including something, in
the absence of
open not closed
pay give money for goods or work done
offer
to give someone the opportunity to
accept something
build
to construct by putting parts or
materials together
I the person who is speaking or writing
hold to have or keep in your hand
happen to take place or occur
against in opposition to
away
at a distance from a particular person
or place
job the regular work of earning money
buy
to get something by paying money for
it; purchase
though although, despite the fact that
today
this day, this present day, at the
present time
example a thing which is seen as a model
believe to accept that something is true
plan
a set of actions as a way to do,
detailed proposal for doing
second a unit of time, one sixtieth of a minute
program
a plan of things that are done to
achieve a result
student a person who attends a school
form
a type or kind of something, the visible
shape, style
young in an early stage of life or growth
lead
to guide someone to a place , to go
with, be in charge
face
the front part of a person's head, the
surface of a thing
close
to move so that things cannot path
through
room
a space that can be occupied which
has its own floor and ceiling
hope
a feeling of expectation, to want
something to happen
cost the price of something
head the upper part of the body
car
a vehicle with four wheels and engine
that can carry things
understand
to know, to perceive or comprehend
something
hour a period of time equal to 60 minutes
far to a great distance in space or time
actually
used when you are saying what is the
truth of a situation
spend to use money to pay for something
level a specific height or line
city
many people living in a place larger
than a town
present
existing or happening now, not in the
past or future
less not so much, a smaller amount of
idea a thought, suggestion, opinion or plan
reason a cause for an action or event
learn
to acquire knowledge by study or
experience
until
up to, to indicate the point in time when
a particular situation
member
a person or country belonging to a
group or team
process
a series of actions that produce
achievement
person a human being
experience the act of having things happen to you
night
the period of time of darkness between
sunset and sunrise
support to give assistance to
sure
completely confident of being right, not
having any doubt
sort
a group of people or things that have
some shared quality
quite to a very large degree, very
bad
low or poor in quality, not correct or
proper
once one time only
enough
equal to what is needed, as much as
required
although despite the fact that, however,
within inside something
age the amount of time a person has lived
term
a word or phrase that describes
something else
whether
expressing a doubt between
alternatives
able
having the power, skill, money, or
means to do something
share to have or use something with others
line
a long narrow mark or band on a
surface
product
something that is made or grown to be
sold or used
speak
to use words to tell information or
express thoughts
side
a position or direction that is away from
the center
train
a group of connected vehicles
traveling on railways
soon at a time not long from now
low not rising or extending upward
price
the amount of money that you pay for
something or that something costs
public
concerning or affecting all or most of
the people in a group
often
many times, frequently, on many
occasions
possible to be able to be done
least smallest in amount, extent or degree
parent a person who is a father or mother
consider to think about carefully
effect
a change or results of something being
done
rather to a certain extent
control
to direct or influence the behavior of
something or someone
view an opinion or way of thinking
story
a description of how something
happened
local
relating or restricted to a particular
area, city, or town
anything
a thing of any kind, used to refer to a
thing, no matter what
together to be with each other or in one group
value
the amount of money something is
worth
hard
something that is firm or difficult to
bend
stand
to be in an upright position supported
by on your feet
visit to go somewhere to spend time with
watch to pay attention to what is happening
color a quality such as red, blue, green, etc.
party
an organization of people who have
the same political beliefs
bit a small piece of something
continue to do something without stopping
ever at any time, at all times
eye the part of the body that you see with
base
the bottom or lowest part of
something:the part on which
something rests or is supported
concern a feeling of worry or anxiety
letter a written, typed or printed message
center the middle point or part
lose
to be unable to find something you
once had
yet until now, up until the present
almost only a little less than, nearly, not quite
development
when someone or something grows or
changes and becomes more advanced
already before this time
test
a set of questions designed to
measure a person's ability
probably
used to mean that something is very
likely
sale
the act of selling something or
exchanging for money
rate
the measure of speed or frequency
over a particular period of time
nothing not anything, no a single thing
whole complete or full, all of something
suggest
to mention something as a possible
thing to be done
language
the system of words or signs that
people use to express thoughts and
feelings to each other
deal to trade or do business with someone
send to cause to go to another destination
expect to be regarded as likely to happen
fall
to come or go down from a higher to a
lower place
return to come back to a place again
water
the clear liquid which forms the seas,
rivers and rain
per
for each one, by means of, as directed
by or stated in
allow to permit or treat as acceptable
cause something that produces an effect
power
the ability, capacity or right to control
things
sit
to be in a resting position on a chair or
couch
walk to move with your legs, to go on foot
mother a female who has a child or children
among
situated centrally, in relation to several
things
care
effort made to do something correctly
or well
subject the thing being discussed or described
develop
to cause to grow or bigger or more
advanced
stay
to continue to be in the same place;
remain
record
an official piece of evidence or
document about past events
mind
the part of person that enables us to
think, feel, and reason
remember
to bring a previous image or idea to
your mind
past a time before the present
office
a building of set of rooms used to do
business or professional activities
force
to use physical strength, power, or
energy used on something
grow to become larger
town
a place people live, larger than a
village, smaller than a city
light
the form of energy that makes things
visible
stop to not move or come to an end
several more than two but not many
period
a length or portion of time during a
series of events
class
a group of students who often meet
and are taught together
matter
the physical substance things are
made of
food the things that people and animals eat
social involving activities among people
require
to need something, to make it
necessary
political relating to government or public affairs
win to achieve victory in a fight or game
decide
to make a choice about something or
choose after thinking
staff
a group of people who work for an
organization or business
figure
a an amount that is expressed in
numbers
real
actually existing or happening, not
imagined or supposed
future
the period of time coming after the
present
policy
a course of action proposed by an
organization
answer a reaction to a question someone asks
laugh
to show that you are happy or that you
think something is funny by smiling
and making a sound from your throat
remain to be left behind, to continue to exist
ago in the past
type
a particular category of people or
objects with a common characteristic
shop
a building or room where goods and
services are sold
security
the things that are done to keep
someone or something safe
receive to get or be presented with something
note a brief, short record of something
minute a period of time equal to 60 seconds
fund
a sum of money that is used for a
special purpose
top
the highest part, point, or level of
something
game
one of the games that are part of a
larger contest
involve
to have or include in a part of
something
account a story or report about something
half
one of two equal parts something can
be divided into
history the study of past event
create to make, cause, or bring into existence
break to separate into pieces
moment a very short or brief period of time
individual existing as just one member
across
from one side to the other of
something
either one or the other of two
music
the art of making sounds that are sung
or played
further at a more distant place than here
reach
to come to or arrive at a goal or
destination
clear very obvious or easy to perceive
rule
something that is not allowed in some
situations
computer
an electronic machine that can store
and process large amounts of
information
wait
to stay or remain until an expected
event happens
sound something that is heard
team
a group of people who compete in a
sport, game
along at a point on something
research
careful study to find and report new
knowledge
appear come into sight
drive to control the movement of a car
activity
something which you do for enjoyment;
action
black
having the very dark color of coal or
the night sky
produce
to use machines to make something
from raw materials
free without control by others
general widespread, normal or usual
body a person's physical self
toward in the direction of
please
used to ask for something in a polite
way
sense
one of our natural abilities for receiving
information
perhaps possibly but not certainly, maybe
add
to put something together with another
thing
everything every thing there is or all that exists
law
the system or rules made by the
government
easy not hard to do, not difficult
sell to exchange (something) for money
full
containing or holding as much as
possible
film
movie or a special material that is used
for taking photographs
model a usually small copy of something
war
a period of fighting or conflict between
countries,
forward
toward the front:to or toward what is
ahead or in front
himself the reflexive form of the pronoun 'he'
maybe possibly but not certainly:perhaps
design
to make something for a specific use
or purpose
morning the early part of the day
pass to move past something
condition a way or quality of living or existing
near close to something
door
a movable entrance to a building or
room
human relating to or characteristic of people
above in a higher place
available
when something is there to be used
easily
position the place something is located in
agree to the same opinion about something
short
a small distance from one end to the
other
situation a condition, location or position
paper
the material that is used in the form of
thin sheets for writing
cover
put something over or on top of
something else
major important, serious, or large in number
customer
someone who buys goods or services
from a business
father a male parent
bear to accept or endure difficulties
choose
to decide that a particular person or
thing is the one that you want
main most important
describe
to tell someone the appearance, sound
or smell of
someone some person; somebody
date a particular day of a month or year
event
something especially something
important or notable that happens
nice
giving pleasure or joy:good and
enjoyable
special
different from what is usual, better or
greater than normal
certain not having any doubt about something
phone
a communication system that is used
to talk to someone who is in another
place
join
to put or bring (two or more things)
together
else
in a different or additional manner or
place
girl a female child, a young woman
sometimes occasionally; only at certain times,
table
a piece of furniture with a flat top and
legs
community
a group of people who share a
common idea or area
carry
to move something from one place to
another
decision
a choice that you make about
something after thinking about it
role the character played by an actor
president the head of a government
particular
used to single out an individual
member
cut
to use a sharp tool or object to open or
divide something
difference a quality that is unlike something else
die to stop living or end life
eat
to take food into your mouth and
swallow it
enjoy to take pleasure in (something)
rise
to move from a lower position to a
higher one
especially more than usually; very, extremely
detail a small part of something
data
facts or information used usually to
calculate or analyze
charge
to ask for money as a price for a
service or goods
practice
to do something again and again in
order to become better at it
cell
the smallest living part of an animal or
a plant
improve
to make or to become something
better
kid a child or young person
action something that a person does
strong having physical power or strength
happy
feeling pleasure and enjoyment
because of your life
health
the condition of being well or free from
disease
economic relating to trade, industry, and money
difficult
not easy:requiring much work or skill
to do or make
regard
to care or think about something in a
specific way
travel
to go on a trip or journey:to go to a
place and especially one that is far
away
approach
to get close to reaching something or
somewhere
amount a quantity of something
investment
the money that you put in a bank,
business, etc. in order to make a profit
white
having the color of snow, to be light or
pale in color
draw to produce by making lines on a paper
site
the place where something is, was, or
will be located
round shaped like a circle or ball
behind in or toward the back
claim
to say something is true when others
may not agree
step
moving by lifting a foot and putting it
down in a different place
patient
able to remain calm and not become
annoyed when waiting for a long time
or when dealing with problems or
difficult people
true
agreeing with the facts, not false, real
or actual
teacher
someone whose job is to teach in a
school, college, etc.
range
the area of variation on a particular
scale
percent a certain part of a whole
themselves the reflexive form of the pronoun 'they'
organization
an official group of people who work
together for the same purpose
vote
to make an official choice for or
against someone or something
front the forward part of an object
measure
an amount or degree of something,
ascertain in size or degree
trade
the activity of buying, selling, or
exchanging
therefore for that reason or because of that
finally
after a long time or some difficulty; the
last point or idea
raise
to lift or move something to a higher
position
wear
to use or have as clothing over part of
your body
industry
referring to the making of all products
in a given field
explain
to make clear or easy to understand by
describing
relationship
a connection between two or more
people or things
quality how good or bad something is
accord a formal or official agreement
outside
an area around or near something
such as a building
wish
to want something to be true or to
happen
death
the end of life, the fact of dying, being
killed
project
a planned piece of work for specific
purpose
land
the solid part of the surface of the
Earth
sign
something which shows that
something else exists, is true, or will
happen
boy a male child or youth, a young man
news
new information or a report about
something that has happened recently
risk
the possibility that something bad or
unpleasant (such as an injury or a
loss) will happen
total
the whole number or amount of
something
couple two people or things being together
national relating to the whole of a country
list
a series of written names, words or
numbers
opportunity
an amount of time or a situation in
which something can be done
act take action
sport
a contest or game in which people do
certain physical activities according to
a specific set of rules and compete
against each other
road
a hard flat surface for people or
vehicles can use
kill
to cause the death of a person, animal
or plant
serve
to give or provide something to another
person
education
the process of giving or receiving
instruction
picture
a painting, drawing or photograph on
paper or screen
likely
used to indicate the chance that
something will happen
standard
a level of quality or achievement that is
considered acceptable
benefit
a good result or effect, something
helpful
stage a particular point in a process
performance
an activity (such as singing a song or
acting in a play) that a person or group
does to entertain an audience
rest
not at work, to have time to relax,
sleep or do nothing
certainly
used to emphasize something and
show that there is no doubt about it;
used to agree to a request
culture
the beliefs and customs of a particular
group
focus
the main purpose or center of interest
or activity
itself the reflexive form of the pronoun 'it'
arrive
to come to or reach a place after
traveling, being sent, etc.
employee
a person who works for another
person or for a company for wages or
a salary
upon more formal term for "on"
voice
the sound a person produces with their
mouth
due
required or expected to
happen:expected to be in a particular
place at a particular time
technology
the use, knowledge of science in
industry, engineering
field
an open area of land, especially
without trees or buildings
air
the invisible mixture of gases that we
breathe
material
a substance from which a thing is
made of
current
happening or existing now:belonging
to or existing in the present time
teach to instruct or help to learn
financial
relating to money or how money is
managed
century a period of 100 years
society a community of people living together
analysis the process of analyzing something
limit
a point beyond which it is not possible
to pass
evidence
something that makes you believe that
something is true or exists
reduce
to make something smaller in size,
amount or number
listen
to pay attention to someone or
something in order to hear what is
being said, sung, played, etc.
usually in the way that most often happens
lie to be in a horizontal or flat position
foot the part of the leg below ankle
single
not having or including another, only
one
common something that is found or done often
space
the amount of an area, room, or
surface
realize
to understand or become aware of
something
former
used to say what someone or
something was in the past
animal
a living thing that is not a human being
or plant
instead
used to say that one thing is done or is
chosen when another is not chosen
similar
almost the same, alike as something
else
thus as a result, in this way
address
the words and numbers that are used
to describe the location of a building
and that are written on letters,
envelopes, and packages so that they
can be mailed to that location
leader
a person in control of a group, country,
or situation
complete having all necessary parts
arm
each of the two long body parts from
shoulder to the hand
function
a particular purpose for which
something is used
chance
an opportunity to do something; an
amount of time or a situation in which
something can be done
mention
to talk about, write about, or refer to
(something or someone) especially in
a brief way
factor something that influences a result
contact
the state or condition where two things
are touching
response
an answer or reaction to something
that has been said or done
demand
forcefully saying that something must
be done or given to you
exist to have actual being or to be real
accept
to receive or take something that is
offered
save
to keep (someone or something)
safe:to stop (someone or something)
from dying or being hurt, damaged, or
lost
opinion
a belief, judgment, or way of thinking
about something:what someone
thinks about a particular thing
pick
to choose or select (someone or
something) from a group
wrong
not agreeing with the facts or
truth:incorrect
apply
to ask formally for something such as
a job
compare
to say that (something) is similar to
something else
suppose
to think of something as happening or
being true in order to imagine what
might happen
choice
the act of choosing:the act of picking
or deciding between two or more
possibilities
structure
the way that something is built,
arranged, or organized
fight take part in a battle to defeat an enemy
relate
to show or make a connection
between (two or more things)
firm fairy hard or solid; not soft
feature
a distinctive or important point of
something
ground
the solid surface of the earth that we
stand on
effort work done by the mind or body
source
produces or provides what is wanted
or needed
pretty large or impressive
campaign
a series of organized activities or
events intended to achieve a result
check
to look at (something) carefully to find
mistakes, problems, etc.
okay
used when agreeing to do something
or when allowing someone to do
something
street a public road in a city or town
foreign
coming from or belonging to a different
place or country
attention
an act or power of carefully thinking
about
personal
relating to or belonging to a particular
person; someone's private information
particularly especially
park
a piece of public land in or near a city
that can be used for pleasure and
exercise
whose
used in questions to ask who owns
something, has something, etc.
knowledge
information, understanding, or skill that
you get from experience or education
contain
to have something inside or include
something
official
of or relating to the job or work of
someone in a position of authority
court
a formal legal meeting place that
judges about crimes
bank
the higher ground that is along the
edge of a river, stream, etc.
article
a piece of writing about a particular
subject that is included in a magazine,
newspaper, etc.
wife a married woman
management
the people who are in control of an
office, shop, team, etc.
manager
someone in control of an office, shop,
team, etc.
section one of the parts that form something
finish
to reach the end of (something):to
stop doing (something) because it is
completed
guy a man
fine good, acceptable, or satisfactory
store
a building or room where things are
sold
attack
to act violently against or to try to hurt,
injure or destroy
discuss
to talk about (something) with another
person or group
stock
the supply of goods available for sale
in a store
prepare to make something ready for use
fire
the light, heat and the flame produced
by burning something
piece
a part that is cut or separated from a
whole
heart
the organ in your chest that pumps
blood through your body
forget
to be unable to think of or remember
(something)
police
the people or the department of people
who enforce laws, investigate crimes,
and make arrests
recent
happening or beginning not long ago,
close to the present
behavior
the way a person or animal acts or
behaves
represent
to act or speak officially for someone
or something
growth the process of growing
page
one side of a sheet of paper especially
in a book, magazine, etc.
holiday a special day of celebration
affect
to make an effect on someone or
something
establish
to set or create something that last for
a long time
wonder
something that is very surprising or
amazing
poor
having little money or few
possessions:not having enough
money for the basic things that people
need to live properly
manage to control or be in charge of something
addition
a new or extra thing which is added to
something
bed
a piece of furniture that people sleep
on
simply
in a way which is not complicated or
difficult to understand
recently not long ago
yesterday the day before today
surprise
an unexpected event, piece of
information, etc.
sorry feeling sorrow or regret
art
a human creative skill using the
imagination
method a way of doing something
fast moving or able to move quickly
stuff materials, supplies, or equipment
international involving two or more countries
drink
to take a liquid into your mouth and
swallow it
purchase
to buy something, to get by paying
money for it
myself
the reflexive form of the pronouns 'me'
or 'I'
worry to think about problems or fears
whatever
anything or everything that or no
matter what
private for the use of a single person or group
determine cause to occur in a particular way
summer
the warmest season of the year that is
after spring and before autumn
evening
the last part of the day and early part
of the night
influence
the power to change or affect
someone or something
exactly completely correct
average
a number that is calculated by adding
quantities together and then dividing
the total by the number of quantities
everyone every person; everybody
drop to let something fall
miss
to fail to hit, catch, reach, or get
(something)
significant
large enough to be noticed or have an
effect
production
the process of making or growing
something for sale or use
inside
an inner side, edge, or surface of
something
tomorrow the day after today
attempt
to try to do something or to accomplish
or complete
region
a part of a country, of the world, area,
etc.
cent
a unit of money that is equal to 1/100
of the basic unit of money
race
one of the groups that people can be
divided into based on certain physical
qualities (such as skin color)
shall
expressing the future tense, to expect
to happen
contract
a legal written agreement between
people
smile
an expression on your face that shows
happiness, amusement or pleasure
skill
the ability to do something that comes
from training, experience, or practice
medium
a middle size, something between
other things
necessary needing to be done
economy
a large system of production and
consumption
various
used to refer to several different or
many different things
notice
to become aware of (something or
someone) by seeing, hearing, etc.
nature the physical world and everything in it
population
the number of people who live in a
place
key
a device that is used to open a lock or
start an automobile The usual type of
key is a small metal object that you
insert into a narrow opening and turn.
nation
a large area of land controlled by
government, territory
hit
to move your hand, a bat, etc., quickly
so that it touches someone or
something in a forceful or violent way
occur to happen, to take place
plant
a living thing that grows in the ground
such as a tree or flower
catch to use your hands to stop and hold
election
the act or process of choosing
someone for a public office by voting
director
a person who manages an organized
group of people or a part of an
organization
review
an act of carefully looking at or
examining the quality or condition of
something or someone
military
of or relating to soldiers or the armed
forces
statement
something that someone says or writes
officially
worker
someone who works for a company or
organization but does not have a
powerful position
respect
a feeling of admiring someone that is
good or valuable
paint
a liquid that dries to form a thin colored
layer
capital
having the main offices of a
government
player someone who plays a sport or game
press
newspapers, magazines, and TV news
reports
movie a film or video
tax
money that a government requires
people to pay
environment
the conditions that surround people,
animals or plants
son a male child
hotel
a place that has rooms in which people
can stay especially when they are
traveling:a place that provides food,
lodging, and other services for paying
guests
size
the total amount of physical space that
a person or thing occupies
item
an individual article, unit or piece of
information
image
a picture, sculpture or painting of
something
drug
a chemical substance used as a
medicine; an illegal substance taken
for recreation
simple not hard to understand or do
indeed
without any question- used to stress
the truth of a statement
series
a number of things that happen one
after another
final
happening or coming at the end of a
series
purpose
the reason for which something is
done
window
an opening in a wall or door that
usually contains a sheet of glass
treatment
something which you do to try to cure
an illness or injury, especially
something suggested or done by a
doctor
club
a group of people who meet to
participate in an activity
file
a folder or box for documents that are
similar
department
a division of a larger part or
organization
bus
a large vehicle that is used for carrying
passengers especially along a
particular route at particular times
wall
the layer of brick or stone that
separates areas
direct
to cause to turn or move in a desired
way
character
the way someone thinks, feels and
behaves
gain to get something wanted or valued
fit
proper or acceptable:morally or
socially correct
enter to go or come into something
agreement
a promise or decision made between
two or more people
fail
to not succeed:to end without
success
season
one of the four periods (spring,
summer, autumn, and winter) into
which the year is commonly divided
college
an school or educational institution for
adults
seek to search for; to try to find; look for
achieve to reach a goal, to get something
beautiful very attractive
station
a place where buses or trains regularly
stop
alone
not including or without anyone or
anything else
below in or to a lower place
clothes
items such as shirts and trousers that
you wear on your body
attend
to go to and be present at (an event,
meeting, etc.)
success
to accomplish a purpose or achieving
something
argue
give reasons for or against
something:to say or write things in
order to change someone's opinion
about what is true, what should be
done, etc.
lack to not have something
comment
to discuss or write an opinion on
something
option something which may be chosen
pull
to hold onto and move (someone or
something) in a particular direction and
especially toward yourself
church
a building used for Christian religious
worship or services
herself the reflexive form of the pronoun 'she'
advantage
something (such as a good position or
condition) that helps to make someone
or something better or more likely to
succeed than others
identify
to indicate who or what someone or
something is
link
to join or connect together, a
relationship
indicate
to show something, direct attention to
or point out
aim to have a specified goal or purpose
income
earned money from work, investments
or business
specific
special or particular, clearly presented
or stated
floor the part of a room on which you stand
discussion
the act of talking about something with
another person or a group of
people:a conversation about
something
associate
to relate two things, people, etc. in
your mind
recognize
to know and remember because of
previous knowledge or experience
tree
a usually tall plant that has a thick,
wooden stem and many large
branches
unit
a single thing, person or group that is a
part of something larger
loss
failure to keep or to continue to have
something
mark
to make or leave a visible mark on
something
challenge
to try, to say or show that something
may not be true
depend
to need (someone or something) for
support, help, etc.
wide
extending a great distance from one
side to the other; not narrow
anyway
despite something that has been
stated before
mile
a unit of measurement used in the US
that is about 1600 meters
board a long, thin, flat piece of wood
solution
something that is used or done to deal
with and end a problem:something
that solves a problem
clearly
in a way that is easy to see, hear, read,
or understand
anyone any person
machine
a piece of equipment with moving
parts that does work when it is given
power from electricity, gasoline, etc.
relation
a person who is a member of your
family
marry
to become the husband or wife of
(someone)
despite
without being affected by something: in
spite of
theory
an idea that is explain facts or events
academically
introduce
to make (someone) known to someone
else by name
prove
to show the existence, truth, or
correctness of (something) by using
evidence, logic, etc.
ability the power or skill to do something
popular liked or enjoyed by many people
modern relating to the present or recent time
doctor
a person who skilled to treat people
who are ill, sick and injured
release
to allow to leave a jail, cage, prison,
etc.
score
the number of points someone gets in
a game or test
access a way of getting near to somewhere
television
a piece of equipment with a screen on
the front, used for watching programs
target
something that you are trying to do or
achieve
ready prepared to do something
strike to hit something in a forceful way
card
a small piece of stiff paper that is
marked with symbols or pictures to
show its value, comes in a set, and is
used for playing games
potential
having or showing a capacity for the
future
pattern
a repeated form or design especially
that is used to decorate something
clock
a device that shows what time it is and
that is usually placed in a room or
attached to a wall
organize to arrange systematically
village a small town in the country
nearly almost
prefer
to like (someone or something) better
than someone or something else
movement a change of position or place
propose
to suggest (something, such as a plan
or theory) to a person or group of
people to consider
guess
to form an opinion or give an answer
about something when you do not
know much or anything about it
operation
when a doctor cuts into someone's
body to remove a sick part
fear
an unpleasant feeling caused by being
aware of danger
hair
a thin threadlike growth from the skin
of a person or animal
trip a journey to a place
supply
the amount of something that is
available to be used
quickly fast or in a short time
application
a formal and usually written request for
something (such as a job
sleep
to rest your mind and body by closing
your eyes and becoming unconscious
network
a system of lines, wires, etc., that are
connected to each other
strategy
a careful plan or method for reaching a
goal
interview
a meeting in which someone asks you
questions to see if you are suitable for
a job or course
hospital
a place where sick or injured people
are given care or treatment and where
children are often born
husband
a married man:the man someone is
married to
red having the color of blood
degree
a unit for measuring temperature or
the size of an angle
star
any one of the objects in space that
are made of burning gas and that look
like points of light in the night sky
restaurant
a place where you can buy and eat a
meal
generally usually, or in most situations
author a person who writes book
yourself the reflexive form of the pronoun 'you'
pressure
the weight or force that is produced
when something presses or pushes
against something
task
a piece of work to have done given by
a person
express
to talk or write about (something that
you are thinking or feeling)
competition
the act or process of trying to get or
win something (such as a prize or a
higher level of success) that someone
else is also trying to get or win
serious
having an important or dangerous
possible result
reference
the act of mentioning something in
speech or in writing
treat the way you behave towards someone
conclusion
the opinion you have after considering
all the information about something;
the final part of something
brother
a boy or man who has one or both of
the same parents as you
natural
something that exists or happens
because of nature; not made or done
by people
touch
to put your hand, fingers, etc., on
someone or something
everybody every person; everyone
beyond
on or to the farther part or side, in
addition
define
to state the meaning of a word,
phrase, etc.
basis
something from which another thing
develops
trouble problems or difficulties
deep
having a large distance to the bottom
from the surface or highest point
energy having physical or mental strength
fish
a cold-blooded animal that lives in
water, breathes with gills, and usually
has fins and scales
dark having very little light, not light in color
sing
to use your voice to make musical
sounds in the form of a song or tune
sample
a small amount of something that
gives you information about the thing it
was taken from
refer
to talk about or write about (someone
or something) especially briefly:to
mention (someone or something) in
speech or in writing
adult a person or animal that is grown up
positive
good or useful in qualities,
constructive, confident
except not including or other than
disease
an illness that affects a person,
animal, or plant
promise
a statement telling someone that you
will definitely do something or that
something will definitely happen in the
future
throw
to cause (something) to move out of
your hand and through the air by
quickly moving your arm forward
dress
a piece of clothing for a woman or a
girl that has a top part that covers the
upper body and a skirt that hangs
down to cover the legs
worth
used to indicate the value of
something
clean free from dirt, marks, etc.:not dirty
fill
to make something full or to spread
through
property
something that is owned by a person
or business
profit
money that is made in a business,
through investing, etc.
somebody
person who is not known, named, or
specified
operate
to function or behave in a proper or
particular way
bar
a building or room where alcoholic
drinks and sometimes food are served
advance to move forward
goal
something you try to do or achieve, an
aim or result
quarter one of four equal parts of something
central
in or near the center of a place or
object
cold having a very low temperature
object
a thing that you can see and touch and
that is not alive
style
a particular way something is done or
created
obviously
in a way that is easy to understand or
see
push
to use force to move (someone or
something) forward or away from you
tend
used to describe what often happens
or what someone often does or is likely
to do
assume to accept a responsibility or debt
normal
conforming to a standard, usual,
ordinary, not strange
exchange
an occurrence in which people give
things of similar value to each other
suffer to experience pain, illness, or injury
middle
equally distant from the ends or
sides:halfway between two points
blue having the color of the clear sky
match
someone or something that is equal to
or as good as another person or thing
officer
a person who has an important
position in a company or organization
avoid
to stay away from (someone or
something)
reflect
to move in one direction, hit a surface,
and then quickly move in a different
and usually opposite direction
useful
helpful for doing or achieving
something
fun
someone or something that is amusing
or enjoyable
huge extremely large
instance
an example of a particular action or
situation
seat
something (such as a chair) that you
sit on
document an official record that gives information
oil
a thick, black liquid that comes from
the ground and that is used in making
various products (such as gasoline)
message
a piece of information that is sent or
given to someone
net
a device that is used for catching or
holding things or for keeping things out
of a space and that is made of pieces
of string, rope, wire, etc., woven
together with spaces in between
successful achieving what you want to achieve
box
a container that is made of a hard
material (such as wood, metal, or
cardboard) and that usually has four
straight sides
resource an essential supply of something
pound
a unit of weight that is equal to 16
ounces or 0.4536 kilograms
throughout
in every part of a place; during the
whole of a period of time
facility
a place where a particular activity
happens
argument
an angry discussion with someone in
which you both disagree
bill
a document that says how much
money you owe for something you
have bought or used
debate a formal discussion between people
speech
a spoken expression of ideas,
opinions, etc., that is made by
someone who is speaking in front of a
group of people
separate
not joined, connected, or
combined:placed or kept apart
male characteristic of boys or men
baby a very young child
earn
to get (money, a salary, etc.) for work
that you have done
maintain
to keep exist or continue without
changing
career
a job that you do for a long period of
your life
hot having a high temperature
billion the number 1,000,000,000
doubt to be uncertain about something
exercise
physical activity that is done in order to
become stronger and healthier
previous
existing or happening before the
present time
daily
happening, done, made, used, or
existing every day
search
to carefully look for someone or
something
suddenly quickly and unexpectedly
fly to move through the air with wings
basic
forming or relating to the most
important part of something
ring
a piece of jewelry that is worn usually
on a finger
asset
a person, skill, or quality which is
useful or helps you to succeed;
something valuable which is owned
science
knowledge about or study of the
natural world based on facts
dog
a type of animal that is often kept as a
pet or trained to work for people by
guarding buildings, hunting, etc.
perform
to do an action or activity that usually
requires training or skill
balance
the state of having your weight spread
equally so that you do not fall
song
a short piece of music with words that
are sung
weekend Saturday and Sunday
dead
no longer alive or living , no longer
having life
encourage
to make (someone) more determined,
hopeful, or confident
protect
to keep (someone or something) from
being harmed, lost, etc.
damage
physical harm that is done to
something or to someone's body
imagine
to think of or create something in one's
mind that is not real
afternoon
the middle part of the day:the part of
the day between noon and evening
estimate a rough idea or guess
photo a picture produced with a camera
context
a set of facts surrounding a person or
event
newspaper
a set of large sheets of paper that
have news stories, information about
local events, advertisements, etc., and
that are folded together and sold every
day
credit
the quality of being believed or having
a good reputation
daughter a female child
variety
a number or collection of different
things or people
version
a particular form of something and
other forms
extend
to cause (something, such as your arm
or leg) to straighten out or to stretch
out
proposal
something (such as a plan or
suggestion) that is presented to a
person or group of people to consider
professional
relating to a job that requires special
skill
dollar
a basic unit of money in the U.S.,
Canada, Australia, and other countries
that is equal to 100 cents
sister
a girl or woman who has one or both of
the same parents as you
whom used in formal writing or speech
memory
the power or process of remembering
what has been learned
mine
that which belongs to me:my one:my
ones
ahead in or toward the front
nor
used after neither to show something
is also not true or possible
request
an act of politely or formally asking for
something
post letters or packages sent by post
original
special and interesting because of not
being the same as others; the earliest
form of something
female characteristic of girls or women
green having the color of growing grass
dance
to move your body with rhythm to
music
dream
a series of thoughts, visions, or
feelings that happen during sleep
observe to notice or perceive carefully
inform
to give information or facts about
something
communication
the act of communicating with other
people
discover
to see, find, or become aware of
(something) for the first time
track
a path or trail that is made by people or
animals walking through a field, forest,
etc.
garden
an area of ground where plants (such
as flowers or vegetables) are grown
agency
a business that provides a particular
service
screen
the usually flat part of a television or
computer monitor that shows the
images or text:the part of a television
or computer that you look at when you
are using it
possibility
a chance that something may happen
or be true
examine
to look at (something) closely and
carefully in order to learn more about
it, to find problems, etc.
legal
of or relating to the law, required by the
law
recommend
to say that (someone or something) is
good and deserves to be chosen
university
a high-level educational school where
academic research is done
text
the original words in main writing or
speech
direction
the course or path on which something
is moving or pointing
responsibility
something that it is your job or duty to
do or deal with
conversation
an informal talk involving two people or
a small group of people
magazine
a thin book published every week or
month, that has shiny, colorful pages
with articles and pictures
easily with no difficulty
favorite most liked
rock
to move (someone or something) back
and forth or from side to side
independent not controlled or ruled by anyone else
additional extra to what already exists
agent
a person who does business for
another person:a person who acts on
behalf of another
complex
difficult, not easy to understand or
explain
appropriate
right or suited for some situation or
purpose
invite
to ask (someone) to go somewhere or
do something
traditional
following the customs or ways of
behaving that have continued in a
group of people or society for a long
time
cross
to go from one side of (something) to
the other:to go across (something)
sea
the salt water that covers much of the
Earth's surface
famous known or recognized by many people
reply
to say, write, or do something as an
answer or response
software
programs that you use to make a
computer do different things
weight
a measurement that indicates how
heavy a person or thing is
shape the form or outline of an object
completely in every way or as much as possible
trial
a formal meeting in a court in which
evidence about crimes
weather
the state of the air and atmosphere at
a particular time and place
administration
the work of organizing and arranging
the operation of something, such as a
company
fix
to make (something) whole or able to
work properly again
shoot
to cause a bullet, arrow, etc., to move
forward with great force from a weapon
judge
a person who has the power to make a
decision
absolutely completely
user
someone who uses a product,
machine, or service
welcome
used as a friendly greeting to someone
who has arrived at a place
element
an essential or particular part of
something
announce
to tell people about something officially
or with force or confidence
requirement
something that is needed or
demanded
glass
a hard usually transparent material that
is used for making windows and other
products
laughter the action or sound of laughing
stick a cut or broken branch or twig
difficulty
the quality of something that makes it
hard to do:the difficult nature of
something
effective
producing a result that is wanted or
having an intended effect
survey
an act of studying to make a judgment
about it
majority
more than half of a group of people or
things
invest to use money to earn more money
primary
most important, most basic or
essential
generation
people born and living during about the
same time
federal a system of government
wind a natural movement of air outside
replace to be used instead of (something)
writer
someone whose job is writing books,
stories, articles, etc.
stress
a state of mental tension and worry
caused by problems
committee
a group of people who are chosen to
make decisions about something
principle
a moral rule or belief that governs
person's behavior
content the things that are in something
immediately
now or without waiting or thinking
about something
unless
used to say what will happen, be done,
or be true if something else does not
happen, is not done, or is not true
percentage
an amount of something, expressed as
a number out of 100
equipment
the things that are used for a particular
activity or purpose
telephone
a system that uses wires and radio
signals to send sounds (such as
people's voices) over long distances
title
the name given to something (such as
a book, song, or movie) to identify or
describe it
budget
a plan of how you will spend your
money; the amount of money you have
for something
transfer to move from one place to another
blood
the red liquid that flows through the
bodies of people and animals
scene
a division of an act in a play during
which the action takes place in a single
place without a break in time
conduct to direct, lead or guide something
chair
a seat for one person that has a back
and usually four legs
sector
an area that includes certain kinds of
job
expensive costing a lot of money
executive
people who have important jobs in
business
beat to hit (something) repeatedly
wonderful very good
warm somewhat hot:not cool or cold
copy
something that is or looks exactly or
almost exactly like something else
none not any of a group of people or things
negative
not having enthusiasm or positive
opinions about something; an amount
less than zero
annual happening once a year
prevent
to stop (something) from happening or
existing
rich having a lot of money and possessions
block
a solid piece of material (such as rock
or wood) that has flat sides and is
usually square or rectangular in shape
payment
the act of paying; the amount of money
that is paid
collection
the act or process of getting things
from different places and bringing
them together
advice
an opinion or suggestion about what
someone should do
remove
to move, erase or take away from a
place
ensure
to make something sure, certain, or
safe
hang
to attach or place something so that it
is held up without support from below
politics
activities that relate to influencing the
actions and policies of a government
or getting and keeping power in a
government
medical
of or relating to the treatment of
diseases and injuries
relative
compared to someone or something
else or to each other
directly
with no other person or thing involved
or between
count
to add (people or things) together to
find the total number
safe
not able or likely to be hurt or harmed
in any way:not in danger
transport
to carry things from one place to
another
e-mail
a system for sending messages
electronically, especially from one
computer to another using the Internet
mix
to combine (two or more things) to
make one thing that is the same
throughout
display to put where people can see it
ride
to sit on and control the movements of
a horse or vehicle
flow
to move in a steady and continuous
way
highly very or to a large degree
flat
having a smooth, level, or even
surface:not having curves or bumps
leg
one of the long body parts that are
used especially for standing, walking,
and running
contrast to compare, the state of being different
procedure
the official or usual way of doing
something
straight not having curves, bends, or angles
correct true or accurate; agreeing with facts
connection
something that joins or connects two
or more things
institution
a large and important organization,
such as a university or bank
admit
to say usually in an unwilling way that
you accept or do not deny the truth or
existence of (something)
consumer
someone who buys or uses goods or
services
reveal to make known, to show or prove
video
a film or television program recorded
on videotape
radio
the system or process that is used for
sending and receiving signals through
the air without using wires
otherwise
in a different way or in all ways except
the one mentioned
nobody no person, no one
aware
knowing or feeling that something
exists
appeal
when a lot of people are asked to give
money, information, or help; a request
to change an official decision
alternative to give or express a choice
status
the position or rank compared in a
society
heavy
having great weight or difficult to lift or
move
award
a prize given to someone for
something they have achieved
surface an outside or upper layer of something
handle
a part of something that is designed to
be held by your hand
sex
the state of being male or female
mostly biological
introduction
the act of making a person known to
others by name
deliver
to take (something) to a person or
place
cry
to produce tears from your eyes often
while making loud sounds because of
pain, sorrow, or other strong emotions
pair
two things that are the same and are
meant to be used together
tour
a journey through the different parts of
a country, region, etc.
collect
to get (things) from different places
and bring them together
extra
more than is usual or
necessary:additional
crowd
a large group of people who are
together in one place
intend
to plan or want to do (something):to
have (something) in your mind as a
purpose or goal
reader someone who reads
cheap not costing a lot of money
decade a period of 10 years
sentence
a group of words that expresses a
statement, question, command, or
wish Sentences usually contain a
subject and verb.
farm
land that is used for growing crops or
raising animals
overall when everything is included
moreover in addition to what has been said
concert a performance of music and singing
expression
the act of making your thoughts,
feelings, etc., known by speech,
writing, or some other method:the act
of expressing something
dinner the main meal of the day
print
to cause (words, images, etc.) to
appear on paper or cloth by using a
machine
decline
to become lower, smaller or fewer in
amount
responsible
having the duty of dealing with
something important
grant
to agree to do, give, or allow
something
physical relating to the body of a person
trust
belief that someone or something is
reliable, good, honest, effective, etc.
ship
a large boat used for traveling long
distances over the sea
speed
the rate at which someone or
something moves or travels
south
the direction that is the opposite of
north
select
to choose from a group, something
most suitable
category
a group of people or things that are
similar in some way
fair
agreeing with what is thought to be
right or acceptable
attitude
the way you act, think and feel about
something
peace
freedom from any disturbance; when
there is no war or fighting
truth
the real facts about something:the
things that are true
band a group of people or animals
lay
to place (someone or something) down
gently in a flat position
importance the quality or state of being important
perfect having no mistakes or flaws
launch
to send a spacecraft or missile into the
sky, or a ship into the water; to start to
sell a new product
wave
an area of moving water that is raised
above the main surface of an ocean, a
lake, etc.
presence
the fact of being in a particular
place:the state of being present
crime
an illegal act for which someone can
be punished by the government
horse
a large animal that is used for riding
and for carrying and pulling things
progress movement forward or toward a place
global relating to the whole world
advertise
to make the public aware of something
(such as a product) that is being sold
chief
the person who is the leader of a
group of people, of an organization,
etc.
slightly a little
scale
a device that is used for weighing
people or things
double
made of two parts that are similar or
exactly the same
nuclear relating to atomic power
warn
to tell (someone) about possible
danger or trouble
extent
the range, distance, or space that is
covered or affected by something or
included in something
labor
work, especially the type of work that
needs a lot of physical effort; workers
library
a place where books, magazines, and
other materials (such as videos and
musical recordings) are available for
people to use or borrow
respond to say or write to answer the question
edge
the line or part where an object or area
begins or ends
partner
someone's husband or wife or the
person someone has sexual relations
with
experiment
a scientific test to observe the effect in
order to learn
satisfy
to cause (someone) to be happy or
pleased
pain
the physical feeling caused by disease,
injury, or something that hurts the body
slow
not moving quickly or not able to move
quickly
taxi
a car that carries passengers to a
place for an amount of money that is
based on the distance traveled
suit
a set of clothes that usually consists of
a jacket and a skirt or pair of pants that
are made out of the same material
spot
a small area of a surface that is
different from other areas
regular
happening over and over again at the
same time or in the same way
excite
to cause feelings of enthusiasm in
(someone)
concept
an abstract idea of something or how it
works
guide
a person who leads or directs other
people on a journey
initial existing or occurring at the beginning
speaker
the part of a radio, CD player, etc.
which the sound comes out of; a
person who is speaking
dry having no or very little water or liquid
secretary
a person whose job is to do routine
work for someone else
photograph a picture made by a camera
scheme a clever plan to do or get something
shake
to move sometimes violently back and
forth or up and down with short, quick
movements
technique
a way of doing by using special
knowledge or skill
tonight
this night or the night following this
day
apart separated by an amount of space
rain
water that falls in drops from clouds in
the sky
cool somewhat cold:not warm or hot
suggestion
an idea about what someone should
do or how someone should behave
defense
the act of defending someone from
attack
distance
the amount of space between two
places or things
north
the direction that is to your left when
you are facing the rising sun
lift
to move (something or someone) to a
higher position
conflict
a struggle or fight for an idea, power,
property, etc.
excellent very good:extremely good
river
a large natural flow of water that
crosses an area of land that goes into
the ocean
expert
a person who is very skillful or
knowledgeable
favor
a kind or helpful act that you do for
someone
funny causing laughter
eventually in the end, especially after a long time
football
a game in which two teams of players
try to kick, run with, or throw an oval
ball across each other's goal line; a
ball used to play football
heat
energy that causes things to become
warmer
mistake
something that is not correct:a wrong
action, statement, or judgment
dear loved or valued very much
improvement
when something gets better or when
you make it better
chapter
one of the main sections, periods of a
book
emerge to become known or prominent
demonstrate to prove by showing examples
artist
someone who creates art, especially
paintings and drawings
reform
when changes are made to improve a
system, organization, or law, or a
change that is made
adopt
to begin to use or have (a different
manner, method, etc.)
corner
the point or area where two lines,
edges, or sides of something meet
audience
a group of people who gather together
to listen to something (such as a
concert) or watch something (such as
a movie or play)
struggle
to try very hard to do, achieve, or deal
with something that is difficult or that
causes problems
decrease
to become smaller in size, amount,
number, etc.
roll
to move across the ground or another
surface by turning over and over
island
an area of land that is surrounded by
water
camp
a place that is usually far away from
cities and that has tents, small houses,
etc., that people can live in for a short
period of time
feed to give food to someone or something
surround
to be on every side of (someone or
something)
investor
someone who puts money in a bank,
business, etc. in order to make a profit
fully completely
fee
an amount of money paid for a
particular action
senior
having a higher level job or position
than someone else; older
arrange
to move and organize (things) into a
particular order or position
expense
the amount of money that is needed to
pay for or buy something
combine
to cause (two or more things) to be
together or to work together
cook
someone who prepares and cooks
food for eating at home, in a
restaurant, etc.
cultural
relating to the habits, traditions, art,
beliefs, etc. of a society
map
a picture or chart that shows the
rivers, mountains, streets, etc., in a
particular area
meal
the foods eaten or prepared for eating
at one time
shift
to move or to cause a different place,
position
contribution
something that you do or give to help
produce or develop something, or to
help make something successful
weapon
something (such as a gun, knife, club,
or bomb) that is used for fighting or
attacking someone or for defending
yourself when someone is attacking
you
ball
a usually round object that is used in a
game or sport or as a toy
cash
money in the form of coins or notes(=
paper money)
entire
complete or full, with no part left out,
whole
reality the way things or situations really are
solve
to find a way to deal with and end (a
problem)
lesson
an activity that you do in order to learn
something
kitchen a room in which food is cooked
circumstance
a condition or fact affects a situation,
environment
confirm
to make sure something is true or
correct
failure the act or result of failing
busy actively doing something
contribute to give (money) or help to something
tool
something (such as a hammer, saw,
shovel, etc.) that you hold in your hand
and use for a particular task
mouth
the opening through which food
passes into the body
objective
based on facts not influenced by
feelings or opinions
gas
a substance (such as oxygen or
hydrogen) that is like air and has no
fixed shape
lady a woman who behaves in a polite way
quick
done or happening in a short amount
of time
currently happening or existing now
glad feeling pleasure, joy, or delight
driver someone who drives a vehicle
beach
an area of sand or rocks next to the
sea
commercial
related to or used in the buying and
selling of goods and services
basically
in the most important or fundamental
ways
spread
to open, arrange, or place (something)
over a large area
pop
to make a short sound like a small
explosion, or to make something do
this by breaking it (like a balloon)
variable changing often
cancer
a serious disease that is caused when
cells in the body grow in a way that is
uncontrolled and not normal
brain
the organ of the body in the head that
controls functions, movements,
sensations, and thoughts
reaction
something you say, feel, or do
because of something that has
happened
proceed to continue to do somethingcarry on
crisis
a situation or time that is extremely
dangerous or difficult
neither
not one or the other of two people or
things
hide
to put (something) in a place where it
cannot be seen or found
refuse
to say that you will not accept
(something, such as a gift or offer)
consequence
the result of an action or situation,
especially a bad result
volume
the amount of sound, a book forming
part, series
trend
a general direction of developing,
proceeding
bag
a container made of thin material (such
as paper, plastic, or cloth) that opens
at the top and is used for holding or
carrying things
traffic the cars, trucks, etc. using a road
mass
a usually large amount of a substance
that has no particular shape
left
located on the same side of your body
as your heart
owner someone who legally owns something
length
the distance from one end of
something to the other end
vary
to be different or to be different, have
variation
revenue
money that is made by or paid to a
business
duty something that is done as part of a job
repeat to say (something) again
mountain
an area of land that rises very high
above the land around it and that is
higher than a hill
unfortunately
used to say that you wish something
was not true or that something had not
happened
survive to remain alive; to continue to live
schedule a plan of things that will be done
bedroom a room used for sleeping
employ
to provide someone with a job that
pays wages or a salary
marriage
the relationship that exists between a
husband and a wife
essential extremely important and necessary
critical
used to describe negative comments
or judgments about something or
someone
ticket
a piece of paper that allows you to see
a show, participate in an event, travel
on a vehicle, etc.
smoke
the cloud of black, gray, or white gases
and dust that is produced by burning
something
fan
a machine or device that is used to
move the air and make people or
things cooler
flight a journey in an aircraft; the act of flying
relatively
quite, when compared to other things
or people
equal
the same in number, amount, degree
or quality
egg
a hard-shelled oval thing from which a
young bird is born
bottom
the lowest part, point, or level of
something
novel
a book that tells a story about
imaginary people and events
somewhere
in, at, or to a place not known, named,
or specified
plus having a value that is above zero
coach
someone whose job is to teach people
to improve at a sport, skill, or school
subject
pleasure
a feeling of happiness, enjoyment, or
satisfaction:a pleasant or pleasing
feeling
promote to raise the rank or position to a higher
background
Sounds or images that are not the
main focus; a persons life experience
up to now
union
an organization of workers formed to
protect the rights
neighbor
a person who lives next to or near
another person
provision
a rule that is part of a law or an
agreement
appreciate to be grateful, thankful for (something)
plane
a vehicle that flies and has an engine
and wings
topic a matter people talk or write about
enable to make it possible to do something
package
a box or large envelope that is sent or
delivered usually through the mail or by
another delivery service
code
a set of letters or numbers that
identifies information
secret kept hidden from others
manufacture
to make (something) usually in large
amounts by using machines
shareholder
someone who owns shares (stock) in a
company
investigation
when officials try to discover all the
facts about something, especially a
crime or an accident
attract
to cause (someone) to like or be
interested in something
path
a track that is made by people or
animals walking over the ground
bird
an animal that has wings and is
covered with feathers
bond
something that is shared between
people or groups
swim
to move through water by moving your
arms and legs
afraid
worried that something will cause pain
or injury
environmental relating to the environment
finger
one of the five long parts of the hand
that are used for holding things
anybody any person:anyone
colleague
a person you work together or
cooperate with
insurance
an agreement in which a person
makes regular payments to a company
and the company promises to pay
money if the person is injured or dies,
or to pay money equal to the value of
something (such as a house or car) if it
is damaged, lost, or stolen
flower
the part of a plant that is often brightly
colored, that usually lasts a short time,
and from which the seed or fruit
develops
consideration
something that you have to think about
when you make decisions or plans; the
act of thinking about something
carefully
settle
to end (something, such as an
argument) by reaching an agreement
powerful having a lot of strength or force
quiet making very little noise
burn to give off heat, light, and gases
engineer
a person who has scientific training
and who designs and builds
complicated products, machines,
systems, or structures
component
one of the parts that consists
something
waste
to use (something valuable) in a way
that is not necessary or effective
aid to provide what is useful or needed
extremely very, or much more than usual
earth the planet on which we live
desire to want or wish for something
apparently
used to say that something seems to
be true, although it is not certain
tire
to lose energy and begin to feel that
you need to rest
breath
the air that you take into your lungs
and send out from your lungs when
you breathe
delay
a situation in which something
happens later than it should
strength
the quality or state of being physically
strong
connect to join (two or more things) together
nurse
a person who is trained to care for sick
or injured people and who usually
works in a hospital or doctor's office
sum
the result of adding two or more
numbers together
brief
lasting , having only a short period of
time
soldier a person who is in the military
hardly
used to say that something was almost
not possible or almost did not happen
lunch
a light meal eaten in the middle of the
day
religious
relating to religion; having a belief in
religion
strange
different from what is usual, normal, or
expected
whereas
in contrast, comparison, show the
differences
battle
a military fight between groups of
soldiers, ships, airplanes, etc.
construction
the work of building houses, offices,
bridges, etc.
engage
to interest someone in something and
keep them thinking about it
district
an area or section of a country, city, or
town
hate a very strong feeling of dislike
boat
a small vehicle that is used for
traveling on water
stone
a hard substance that comes from the
ground and is used for building,
carving, etc.
gather
to bring (things or people) together
into a groupor collect things
tourist
someone who visits a place for
pleasure and does not live there
divide
to separate (something) into two or
more parts or pieces
expand
to become bigger or larger in size and
amount
historical
relating to events or people in the past,
or the study of history
delivery
the act of taking something to a person
or place
tradition
a way of thinking, behaving that used
for a long time
museum
a building where you can look at
important objects connected with art,
history, or science
mostly mainly or most of the time
host
a person (especially a man) who is
entertaining guests socially or as a job
broad large from one side to the other side
spring
the season between winter and
summer
council
a group of people who are chosen to
make rules, laws, or decisions about
something
shoulder
the part of your body where your arm is
connected
troop
a group of people, especially soldiers
or theater actors
jump
to move your body upward from the
ground and often forward, backward,
or sideways through the air by pushing
with your legs
healthy
physically strong and well; good for
your health
fresh
newly produced, made, gathered,
etc.:not preserved by being frozen,
canned, etc.
conclude
to stop or finish: to come to the end of
something
furthermore in addition to what has been said
finance
management of money that a company
uses
threat
someone or something that could
cause trouble, harm, etc.
studio
a room where an artist or photographer
works; a place where TV, radio, or
movies are made or broadcast
bomb
a weapon that explodes and causes
damage
safety
freedom from harm or danger:the
state of being safe
active requiring physical movement or energy
winter
the coldest season of the year that is
after autumn and before spring
export
to send goods to be sold in another
country
acquire to get something
blow
to cause (air or something carried by
air) to move
sun
the star that the Earth moves around
and that gives the Earth heat and light
obvious easy to see notice or understand
coffee
a dark brown drink made from ground
coffee beans and boiled water
generate to produce, create or be produced
visitor someone who visits a person or place
bind
to tie or wrap (something) with rope,
string, etc.
tape
a long, narrow piece of material used
to stick things
cycle
a series of regular and repeated
actions
assess to judge something
editor
someone whose job is to prepare text,
film, etc. by deciding what to include
and making mistakes correct
spirit
the non-physical part of a person, our
emotions and soul
scientist
a person who is trained in a science
and whose job involves doing scientific
research or solving scientific problems
monitor to observe, watch or check something
tear
a drop of liquid that comes from your
eyes especially when you cry
location a place or position
actual to be real or existing in fact
actor
a person who acts in a play, movie,
etc.
corporate
involving or associated with large
group
twice two times
minister
an official who heads a government
department or a major section of a
department in some countries
murder
the crime of deliberately killing a
person
comfortable
Comfortable furniture, clothes, rooms,
etc. make you feel relaxed and do not
cause any pain
pool a small area of water
wash
to clean (something) with water and
usually soap
assessment
to make a judgment about the quality,
size, value, etc. of something
register
an official list, book or system for
keeping records
regulation
an official rule that controls how
something is done
temperature
a measurement that indicates how hot
or cold something is
violence
the use of physical force to harm
someone, to damage property, etc.
hurt
to cause pain or injury to (yourself,
someone else, or a part of your body)
route
a way to get from one place to another
place
recall to remember something
impossible
unable to be done or to happen:not
possible
army
a large group of soldiers organized to
fight battles on land
sight the ability to see
accident
a sudden event (such as a crash) that
is not planned or intended and that
causes damage or injury
error
something that is not correct, a
mistake
usual
the way things occur most of time, in
most cases
tough very difficult to do or deal with
opposite
located at the other end, side, or
corner of something
wine
an alcoholic drink made from the juice
of grapes
relax
to become or free from tense, tight, or
stiff
characteristic
a typical or obvious quality that makes
one person or thing different from
others
noise a loud or unpleasant sound
carefully
giving a lot of attention to what you are
doing so that you do not have an
accident, make a mistake, or damage
something
camera
a device that is used for taking
photographs or for making movies,
television programs, etc.
possibly used when something is not certain
convince
to cause someone to believe that
something is true
arrangement
an agreement between two people or
groups; a plan
shock
a sudden usually unpleasant or
upsetting feeling caused by something
unexpected
oppose
to disagree with or disapprove of
(something or someone)
climb
to move or go up (something) using
your feet and often your hands
slowly at a low speed
relevant
relating to a subject in an considerable
way
consist
to have as an essential, necessary or
main part
principal
most important person, main
importance
lawyer
a person whose job is to guide and
assist people in matters relating to the
law
manner
the way that something is done or
happens
gun a weapon that shoots bullets or shells
locate
to discover the place or position of
something
onto
to a position that is on (something,
such as a surface, area, or object)
commit
to decide to do something for a
particular purpose
domestic
of, relating to, or made in your own
family, country
pack
to put (something) into a bag, suitcase,
etc., so that you can take it with you
kiss
to touch (someone) with your lips as a
greeting or as a way of showing love or
sexual attraction
protein
food such as meat, cheese, fish, or
eggs that is necessary for the body to
grow and be strong
branch
a part of a tree that grows out from the
trunk
rat
an animal that looks like a large mouse
and has a long tail
voter
someone who votes or who is officially
allowed to vote
vehicle
a machine (such as a car) that is used
to carry things
civil
related to the people who live in a
country
literature
written works (such as poems, plays,
and novels) that are considered to be
very good and to have lasting
importance
mainly mostly or to a large degree
theater
a building where plays, shows, etc.,
are performed on a stage
stare
to look at someone or something for a
long time and not move your eyes
totally completely
freedom
the state of being free: such asa:the
power to do what you want to do:the
ability to move or act freely
quote to repeat exactly, to copy out
industrial
connected with industry; with a lot of
factories
significantly
in a way that iseasytoseeor by
alarge amount
guest
a person who is invited to visit or stay
in someone's home
commitment
a promise or firm decision to do
something; something that you must
do that takes your time
description
a statement that tells you how
something or someone looks, sounds,
etc.:words that describe something or
someone
capacity
ability to hold, involve or contain
people or things
fifty the number 50
skin
the natural outer layer of tissue that
covers the body of a person or animal
taste
the sweet, sour, bitter, or salty quality
of a thing that you can sense when it is
in your mouth
perspective
a way of thinking, an attitude toward
something
belong
used to say that someone or
something should be in a particular
place or situation
normally usually
ought used to indicate what is expected
participant someone who is involved in an activity
comparison
the act of looking at things to see how
they are similar or different
till until
belief
a feeling of being sure that someone
or something exists or that something
is true
dangerous
If someone or something is dangerous,
they could harm you; not safe
representative
typical of a particular group of people
or of a particular thing
signal
an event or act which shows that
something exists or that gives
information about something
fashion
a popular way of dressing during a
particular time or among a particular
group of people
technical
the practical use of machines or
science in industry
interaction
the activity of talking and doing things
with other people, or the way you do
this
deny to refuse to accept
friendly acting like a friend:kind and helpful
previously
before thepresenttimeor
thetimereferred to
gold
a soft yellow metal that is very valuable
and that is used especially in jewelry
danger
the possibility that you will be hurt or
killed
participate
to take part with others in doing
something
occasion a special event or time
square
a four-sided shape that is made up of
four straight sides that are the same
length
leadership
a position as a leader of a group,
organization, etc.
gift
something that is given to another
person or to a group or organization
mobile able to move or be moved easily
border
a line separating one country or state
from another
shoe
an outer covering for your foot that
usually has a stiff bottom part called a
sole with a thicker part called a heel
attached to it and an upper part that
covers part or all of the top of your
foot
label
an attached piece of paper used to
identify something
load something that is lifted and carried
prison
a building where people are kept as
punishment for a crime or while they
are waiting to go to court
wood
the hard substance that makes up the
stems and branches of trees and
shrubs
ad an advertisement
internal
existing or situated on the inside of
something
suitable
acceptable or right for someone or
something
west
the direction where the sun sets;
opposite of east
affair work or activities done for a purpose
discount a reduction in price
outcome
something that happens as a result,
consequence
advertisement
a picture, short film, song, etc. which
tries to persuade people to buy a
product or service:
ignore
to pay no attention to something or
someone
cup
a small round container that often has
a handle and that is used for drinking
liquids (such as tea and coffee)
suspect
to think that (someone) is possibly
guilty of a crime or of doing something
wrong
citizen
a person who legally belongs to a
country and has the rights and
protection of that country
definition
an explanation of the meaning of a
word or phrase
arrest
to use the power of the law to take and
keep (someone, such as a criminal)
largely mainly
destroy
to cause (something) to end or no
longer exist
hall
the area inside the entrance of a
building
investigate
to try to find out the facts, to carry out
research
desk
a piece of furniture that is like a table
and often has drawers People often
sit at desks when they are writing or
using a computer.
remind
to make (someone) think about
something again:to cause (someone)
to remember something
familiar
frequently seen, heard, or
experienced
loan
an amount of money that is given to
someone for a period of time with a
promise that it will be paid back
explore
to look at (something) in a careful way
to learn more about it; to study or
analyze (something)
tea
a drink that is made by soaking the
dried leaves of an Asian plant in hot
water
index a written or printed order list
recommendation
a piece of advice about what to do in a
particular situation; a suggestion about
something that is good in a certain
situation
complain
to say or write that you are unhappy,
sick, uncomfortable, etc., or that you
do not like something
poll
when people are asked questions to
discover what they think about a
subject; a survey
hi hello
wed to marry someone
switch to change from one thing to another
escape
to get away from a place (such as a
prison) where you are being held or
kept
fairly
more than average, but less than very;
something done in a fair way
lovely
attractive or beautiful especially in a
graceful way
permit
to allow something to happen or to
give permission for
import
to bring something into your country
from another country for people to buy
association
an organized group of people who
have the same interest
dad father
bright producing a lot of light
predict
say or estimate that will or might
happen
division
to say that (someone or something) is
good and deserves to be chosen
debt
an amount of money that you owe to a
person, bank, company, etc.
shout to say (something) very loudly
device
an object, machine, or equipment for a
specific use
wake
to cause (a person or animal) to be
awake after sleeping
proper
correct according to social or moral
rules
definitely without any doubt
analyze
to examine the details of something
carefully, in order to understand or
explain it
victim
someone who has suffered the effects
of violence, illness, or bad luck
necessarily
(esp. innegatives) in allcases; as
anexpected result
commission
people who are given the job of doing
something
amaze to make someone very surprised
combination a mixture of different people or things
employment
when someone is paid to work for a
person or company
conservative
not trusting sudden changes or new
ideas
guarantee
a assurance that the quality of
something is good
rank
a position in a society, organization,
group, etc.
protection
the state of being kept from harm, loss,
etc.
mouse
a very small animal that has a pointed
nose and a long, thin tail
nevertheless in spite of that, notwithstanding
abuse violent, cruel treatment of someone
researcher
a person who studies a subject in
detail in order to discover new
information about it
yield
to produce or provide (something,
such as a plant or crop)
root
the part of a plant that grows
underground, gets water from the
ground, and holds the plant in place
secure
protected from danger or harm, keep
things safe
elect
to select (someone) for a position, job,
etc., by voting
chain
a series of usually metal links or rings
that are connected to each other in a
line and used for supporting heavy
things, for holding things together, for
decoration, etc.
forest
a thick growth of trees and bushes that
covers a large area
confidence
a feeling or belief that you can do
something well or succeed at
something
frame
the basic structure and shape of the
body of a person or animal
shot
when a bullet is fired from a gun; a
photograph; an attempt to score in
sports by throwing or kicking a ball
identity
who someone is; the things that make
one person or group of people different
from others
arise to begin to occur or to exist
afford to be able to pay for (something)
birth
the time when a baby comes out from
the body of its mother
tie
to attach (someone or
something)tosomething with a string,
rope, etc.
brand
a product that is made by a particular
company
instrument
a tool or device used for a particular
purpose
hole an opening into or through something
grade
a level of study that is completed by a
student
threaten
to say that you will harm someone or
do something unpleasant or unwanted
especially in order to make someone
do what you want
hire
to give work or a job to (someone) in
exchange for wages or a salary
moral
concerning or relating to what is right
and wrong in human behavior
latter
coming or happening near the end of a
process, activity, series, life, etc.
phase a distinct part or step in a process
approve
to believe that something or someone
is good or acceptable
typical
having all the qualities you expect a
particular person, object, place, etc. to
have
strongly very much or in a very serious way
channel a station of TV, or radio
factory
a building or group of buildings where
products are made
judgment
an opinion about someone or
something that is decided after
thinking carefully
proportion
an amount that is a part of a whole
thing
concentration
the ability to think carefully about
something you are doing and nothing
else
resident
someone who lives in a particular
place
selection
when someone or something is
chosen; a thing or person who is
chosen
empty containing nothing
opposition
actions or opinions that show that you
disagree with or disapprove of
someone or something
entirely completely
session
a period during which you do one
activity
sexual relating to the activity of sex
ice frozen water
master
someone who has control or power
over others
narrow
long and not wide:small from one
side to the other side
graduate
someone who has studied for and
received a degree(=
qualification)from a school, college, or
university
increasingly more and more
insist
to say firmly that something is true,
especially when other people do not
believe you; to demand that something
be done
bridge
a structure built over something (such
as a river) so that people or vehicles
can get across
license
to give someone official permission to
do or have something
concentrate
to think about or give attention to
something
plenty
a large number or amount of
something; a number or amount of
something that is enough for a
particular purpose
entry when you come into or go into a place
reduction
the act of making something smaller
in size, amount, number, etc.:the act
of reducing something
respectively
in the same order as the people or
things you have just talked about
farmer
someone who owns or looks after a
farm
notion
an idea or opinion about doing
something
rent
to pay money in return for being able
to use
odd
to be strange or different from what is
usual or expected
musical relating to music; skilled at music
appearance
the way that someone or something
looks
bore to make someone feel bored
faithfully
in aloyalway or a way that can
betrusted
adviser
someone whose job is to give advice
about a subject
reasonable fair and sensible
rely
rely on; to need for support, depend
on
presidential relating to the president of a country
sequence
the order in which things (should)
happen
soft
easy to press, bend, cut, etc.:not hard
or firm
stretch
to make (something) wider or longer by
pulling it
considerable
something large in size, amount, or
quantity
fuel
a substance that is burned to provide
heat or power
bottle
a glass or plastic container that has a
narrow neck and usually has no
handle Bottles are usually used to
store liquid or tablets.
unique
something is unlike anything, being the
only one
atmosphere
the feeling which exists in a place or
situation
practical
relating to what is real rather than to
what is possible or imagined
presentation
a talk giving information about
something
theme the main subject to discuss or describe
hell
according to some religions, the place
where bad people go when they die; a
very unpleasant experience
lock
a device that keeps something (such
as a door, window, or box) from being
opened and that is usually opened by
using a key
prior existing or coming earlier in time
secondly
used for introducing the second
reason, idea, etc.
peak
the highest level or value of
something; the top of a mountain
mechanism
a piece of machinery:a mechanical
part or group of parts having a
particular function
explanation
the details or reasons that someone
gives to make something clear or easy
to understand
nowadays at the present time
native born in a particular place
succeed
to do what you are trying to do:to
achieve the correct or desired result
mail
the system used for sending letters
and packages from one person to
another
cast
to choose an actor for a particular part
in a film or play
wild
living in nature without human control
or care:not tame
folk people
intelligence
the ability to learn things or to consider
situations
sheet
a large piece of cloth that is used to
cover something
ear the part of the body that you hear with
journey
an act of traveling from one place to
another:trip
tiny extremely small
terrible very shocking and upsetting
online
connected to a system of computers,
especially the Internet
multiple with several parts
declare
to say or state (something) in an
official or public way
engine
a machine that changes energy (such
as heat from burning fuel) into
mechanical motion
besides other than or in addition to
chairman
he person (especially a man) who is in
charge of a meeting, committee, or
event
mental of or relating to the mind
specifically for a particular reason, purpose, etc.
relief
a pleasant and relaxed feeling that
someone has when something
unpleasant stops or does not happen
professor
ateacherof highrankin auniversity
orcollege
yard
an outdoor area that is next to a house
and is usually covered by grass
celebrate
to do something enjoyable because it
is a special day, or because something
good has happened
personality the way you are as a person
construct to build or create something
joint
a point where two bones meet in the
body
via by going through, by way of
row
a straight line of people or things that
are next to each other
capture
to catch someone and make them your
prisoner; to get control of a place with
force
justice
the process or result of using laws to
fairly judge and punish crimes and
criminals
constant
things happening always or at a
regular rate
youth
the time of life when someone is
young:the time when a young person
has not yet become an adult
coast the land along or near a sea or ocean
expectation when you expect something to happen
witness
:a person who sees something (such
as a crime) happen
blame
to say or think that a person or thing is
responsible for something bad that has
happened
tone
the quality of a sound, especially of
someone's voice
seriously in a serious way; not joking
honor
respect that is given to someone who
is admired
ourselves the reflexive form of the pronoun 'we'
electronic
Electronic equipment consists of things
such as computers, televisions, and
radios
dealer
a person or company that buys and
sells things for profit
disk
a flat, round shape or object; a CD or
DVD
northern located in or toward the north
chemical something relating to chemistry
somehow in a way that is not known or certain
hill
a usually rounded area of land that is
higher than the land around it but that
is not as high as a mountain
fruit
a usually sweet food (such as a
blueberry, orange, or apple) that grows
on a tree or bush
fellow
used to describe people who belong to
the same group or class or who share
a situation, experience, etc.
guard
a state in which someone is carefully
looking for possible danger, threats,
problems, etc.
sky
the space over the Earth where the
sun, moon, stars, and clouds appear
vision the ability to see, sight, eyesight
impose
to make someone to do or endure
something
reserve
to make arrangements so that you will
be able to use or have (something,
such as a room, table, or seat) at a
later time
minimum
the lowest number or amount that is
possible
surely
used to express surprise that
something has happened or is going to
happen
thin
having a small distance between the
top and bottom or front and back
surfaces
variation a difference in amount or quality
formal
requiring or using serious and proper
clothes and manners
frequently often
verb
a word (such asjump, think, happen,
orexist) that is usually one of the main
parts of a sentence and that expresses
an action, an occurrence, or a state of
being
acquisition
the process of learning or getting
something; something you have
bought
retire
to stop a job or career because you
have reached the age when you are
not allowed to work anymore or do not
need or want to work anymore
recover
to revive, become healthy after an
illness or injury
seed
a small object produced by a plant
from which a new plant can grow
tip
the end of something that is usually
long and thin
instruction
something that you have been told to
do
chart
a table or diagram that shows
information
mission
an important job, usually traveling
somewhere
absence
a state or condition in which something
expected, wanted, or looked for is not
present or does not exist
fat
having a lot of extra flesh on your
body:having a lot of body fat
east the direction where the sun rises
derive to take, obtain or get from something
ordinary
normal or usual:not unusual,
different, or special
critic
a person who gives opinions about
something
helpful useful; willing to help
gene
a part of a cell that is passed on from a
parent to a child and that controls
particular characteristics
anywhere in, at, or to any place
lean
to bend or move from a straight
position
glance to look somewhere for a short time
ideal
exactly right for a particular purpose,
situation, or person
neighborhood
the people who live near each other or
a section of a town or city
smell
the quality of a thing that you can
sense with your nose
silence a lack of sound or noise
disappear
to stop being visible:to pass out of
sight
cat
a small animal that is related to lions
and tigers and that is often kept by
people as a pet
lip
either one of the two soft parts that
surround the mouth
passenger
a person who is traveling from one
place to another in a car, bus, train,
ship, airplane, etc., and who is not
driving or working on it
compete
to try to get or win something (such as
a prize or reward) that someone else is
also trying to win
representation
speaking or doing something officially
for another person
rush
to move or do something very quickly
or in a way that shows you are in a
hurry
disorder
a disease or mental problem;
uncontrolled, bad behavior, especially
by large groups of people
shut to close (something)
complaint
a statement that you are unhappy or
not satisfied with something
careful
giving a lot of attention to what you are
doing so that you do not have an
accident, make a mistake, or damage
something
column
one of the vertical blocks of print into
which a page of a newspaper,
magazine, dictionary or spreadsheet,
is divided
religion the belief in a god
legislation a law or a set of laws
employer
a person or company that pays people
to work for them
widely
including a lot of different places,
people, subjects, etc.
protest
when people show that they disagree
with something by standing
somewhere, shouting, carrying signs,
etc.
ancient
very old:having lived or existed for a
very long time
illustrate
explain with examples to make easier
to understand
faith
strong belief or trust in someone or
something
observation
when someone watches someone or
something carefully
reject
to refuse, deny to believe, accept, or
consider
imply to express in an indirect way
ban
to officially say that someone must not
do something
implement to put something in place
command to give (someone) an order
approximately
close to a particular number or time
although not exactly that number or
time
maximum
The maximum amount of something is
the largest amount that is allowed or
possible
qualify
to give (someone) the necessary skill
or knowledge to do a particular job or
activity
somewhat
in a small amount or degree; to some
degree
regional relating to a region (= particular area)
assumption
something that you think is true without
having any proof
temporary
continuing for a limited time, not
permanent
attractive having a pleasing appearance
plate
a flat and usually round dish that is
used for eating or serving food
sad
not happy:feeling or showing grief or
unhappiness
frequency
the fact or condition of happening
often:common occurrence
weak
having little physical power or
ability:not strong
slip to slide out of the proper position
victory
success in defeating an opponent or
enemy
academic
related to education, schools,
universities, etc.
county
an area of Britain, Ireland, or the US
that has its own local government
circle
a perfectly round shape:a line that is
curved so that its ends meet and every
point on the line is the same distance
from the center
joke
something said or done to cause
laughter
hat
a covering for the head that often has
a brim and a rounded or flat top
dozen a group of 12 people or things
kick
to hit (someone or something) with
your foot
steal
to secretly take something that does
not belong to you, without intending to
return it
unable to not be able to do something
settlement
an official agreement that finishes an
argument
symptom
a problem that is caused by and shows
a more serious problem
reporter
describes the news on television,
radio, or in a newspaper
accommodation a place where you live or stay
household
a family or group of people who live
together in a house
tennis
a sport in which two or four people hit
a small ball to each other over a net
merely
used to emphasize that something is
not large, important, or effective when
compared to something else
emotion
a feeling such as love or anger, or
strong feelings in general
tall
greater in height than the average
person, building, etc.
sick affected with a disease or illness
calculate
to find (a number, answer, etc.) by
using mathematical processes
accuse
to blame (someone) for something
wrong or illegal:to say that someone
is guilty of a fault or crime
criminal
involving illegal activity:relating to
crime
scientific of or relating to science
estate land that a person owns
unlike different from someone or something
interpretation
an explanation or opinion of what
something means
corporation
a large company or group of
companies
appoint
to choose (someone) to have a
particular job:to give (someone) a
position or duty
enemy
someone who hates
another:someone who attacks or tries
to harm another
criterion
a fact or level of quality that you use
when making a choice or decision
beside
by the side of (someone or
something):next to (someone or
something)
firstly
used to introduce the first idea, reason,
etc. in a series
assistant
someone whose job is to help a
person who has a more important job
sweet containing a lot of sugar
competitive
wanting to win or to be more
successful than other people
consistent
always behaving or happening in a
similar, usually positive, way
closely
If you look at or listen to something
closely, you look at it or listen to it very
carefully.
equally
to the same degree or level; into
amounts or parts that are the same
size
advise
to give an opinion or suggestion to
someone about what should be done
liberal
believing government should actively
support social needs
meanwhile
at or during the same time:in the
meantime
impression
an idea, feeling, or opinion about
something or someone
existence the state of being real
accompany to visit somewhere with someone
output
the amount of something that is
produced
exhibition
when objects such as paintings are
shown to the public
salary
an amount of money that an employee
is paid each year
attach to be associated or connected with
acknowledge to consider or regard something
snow
soft, white pieces of frozen water that
fall to the ground from the sky in cold
weather
properly correctly, or in a satisfactory way
breast
one of the two soft, round parts on a
woman's chest
prime
most important, chief importance in
value
intention
the thing that you plan to do or
achieve:an aim or purpose
ill not well or healthy:sick or unhealthy
reward
money or another kind of payment that
is given or received for something that
has been done or that is offered for
something that might be done
bother to make someone feel worried or upset
primarily mainly
gray
having a color between black and
white:having a color that is like the
color of smoke
expose
to make visible, without any covering
or protection
childhood
the period of time when a person is a
child
discipline
control that is gained by requiring that
rules or orders be obeyed and
punishing bad behavior
everywhere in or to every place
medicine
a substance that is used in treating
disease or relieving pain and that is
usually in the form of a pill or a liquid
differ
to be different; to have a different
opinion
input
to put in information, advice or
opinions
politician
someone who is active in government
usually as an elected official
wage
an amount of money that a worker is
paid based on the number of hours,
days, etc., that are worked
implication
a result or effect that seems likely in
the future; something suggested
without being said directly
substantial large in size or amount
infant a baby or very young child
permanent
lasting or continuing for a very long
time or forever:not temporary or
changing
rare not common or usual, not often
remark
the act of noticing or making a
comment about something
angry
filled with anger:having a strong
feeling of being upset or annoyed
knock
to hit something (such as a door) with
the knuckles of your hand or with a
hard object (such as a knocker) in
order to get people's attention
injury
damage to someone's body in an
accident or attack
producer
a company, country, or person that
makes goods or grows food; someone
who controls how a film, play, program,
or musical recording is made
pocket
a usually small cloth bag that is sewn
into a piece of clothing, a larger bag,
etc., and that is open at the top or side
so that you can put things into it
alive having life:living:not dead
currency the money system that a country uses
manufacturer
a company that manufactures
something
king
a male ruler of a country who usually
inherits his position and rules for life
obligation
something that you do because it is
your duty or because you feel you
have to
initiative
a plan or activity that is done to solve a
problem or improve a situation
talent a natural ability to do something
breakfast the first meal of the day
resolution
an official decision that is made after a
group or organization have voted
emotional
showing strong feelings, or making
people have strong feelings
enhance make effect to increase or improve
core
the central part of something that is
important
framework the basic structure of something
found
to start an organization, especially by
providing money
phrase
a group of words which are often used
together and have a particular
meaning
southern in or from the south part of an area
gap a space between two people or things
storm
an occurrence of bad weather in which
there is a lot of rain, snow, etc., and
often strong winds
undertake
to begin or attempt, commit oneself to
and begin
distinguish
to notice or recognize a difference
between people or things
draft
a former version of something to make
final
priority
the fact that is more important than
other things
democracy
a system of government in which
people elect their leaders, or a country
with this system
pursue
to follow and try to catch or to reach a
goal
urge
to try to persuade (someone) in a
serious wayto dosomething
pilot someone who flies an aircraft
shirt
a piece of clothing for the upper body
that has sleeves and usually a collar
and buttons down the front
coat
an outer piece of clothing that can be
long or short and that is worn to keep
warm or dry
lake
a large area of water that is
surrounded by land
emphasize
to show that something is especially
important or needs special attention
habit
a usual way of behaving:something
that a person does often in a regular
and repeated
immediate
happening or done without delay or
existing now
yellow
having the color of the sun or of ripe
lemons
communicate
to give and exchange information by
speaking or writing
neck
the part of the body between the head
and the shoulders
vast extremely big
breathe to move air into and out of your lungs
origin
the point or place where something
begins or is created
stable
in a good situation or condition not
likely changed
sir
used without a name as a form of
polite address to a man you do not
know
enormous very large in size or amount
negotiation
when people try to make or change an
agreement by discussion
resolve to find an answer to solve problems
terrorist someone who is involved in terrorism
bloody
covered in blood; violent and involving
a lot of blood and injuries
retain
to continue to have or use, keep the
quality
bone
any one of the hard pieces that form
the frame (called a skeleton) inside a
person's or animal's body
mathematics
the study or science of numbers and
shapes
supplier
a company or person who provides
things that people want or need
milk
a white liquid produced by a woman to
feed her baby or by female animals to
feed their young
passage
a long, narrow space that connects
one place to another
fundamental
forming a necessary part, base, or
core
pupil
a child or young person who is being
taught:student
publication
the process of producing a book,
magazine
winner
someone who wins a game,
competition, or election
elsewhere in or to another place
examination
when someone looks at something
very carefully; an exam
gentleman
a man who treats other people in a
proper and polite way
soul
the spiritual part of a person that is
believed to give life to the body and in
many religions is believed to live
forever
forth out into notice or view
contemporary
happening or beginning currently or
now
urban belonging or relating to a town or city
incident
an event, especially one that is bad or
unusual
integrate to combine, join or create something
swing
to move backward and forward or from
side to side while hanging from
something
panel
a group of people who answer
questions or give opinions
ratio
the quantitative relationship in size,
etc.
borrow
to take and use (something that
belongs to someone else) for a period
of time before returning it
sufficient
having or providing enough when
needed
motion an act or process of moving
exam
a test of how much you know about
something, or how well you can do
something; a series of medical tests
governor
a person who is the leader of the
government of a state, province, etc.
boss
someone who is responsible for
employees and tells them what to do
effectively
in a way that is successful and
achieves what you want
install
to put a piece of equipment
somewhere and make it ready to use;
to put software on a computer
premise
an idea that you use to support
another theory
abroad in or to a foreign country
diet
the type of food that someone usually
eats; when someone eats less food to
lose weight or because of a medical
problem
hence from now, later than the present time
convention
a large formal meeting of people with
the same interest or work
metal
a substance (such as gold, tin, or
copper) that usually has a shiny
appearance, is a good conductor of
electricity and heat, can be melted,
and is usually capable of being
shaped
layer
referring to one of several sheets of a
material or object
typically
used for saying that something is usual
type of a person, thing, place, etc.
grateful feeling or showing thanks
crash
to hit something hard enough to cause
serious damage or destruction
incorporate
to include or involve as part of
something else
formation
the development of something into a
particular thing or shape
classic
something popular or famous for a
long time
aircraft a vehicle that can fly
highlight
the best or most interesting part of
something
sharp
having a thin edge that is able to cut
things or a fine point that is able to
make a hole in things
climate
the weather conditions that an area
usually has
disappoint
to make (someone) unhappy by not
being as good as expected or by not
doing something that was hoped for or
expected
fifteen the number 15
defeat
to win a victory over (someone or
something) in a war, contest, game,
etc.
retirement
when you leave your job and stop
working, usually because you are old
defend
to fight in order to keep (someone or
something) safe
truly
used to emphasize a description of
something
self
the person that someone normally or
truly is used to describe the way
someone acts or feels
clinical relating to medical treatment and tests
nearby not far away
distribute
to hand in or deliver something to
people
reputation
the common opinion that people have
about someone or something:the way
in which people think of someone or
something
underlie to lie or be situated under something
creation
when someone makes something
happen or exist; something that
someone has made
specify
to state, name or mention exactly and
clearly
exclude
to prevent someone from access to a
group
exhibit
to display or make available for people
to see
extreme very great in degree
appointment
a time you have arranged to meet
someone or go somewhere
brown having a color like coffee or chocolate
journalist someone whose job is journalism
lucky
having good things happen to you;
something that is believed to give good
luck
occupy to live in, fill or take up something
soil
the top layer of earth in which plants
grow
educational
providing education, or relating to
education
upper
located above another or others of the
same kind
slide to move smoothly along a surface
correspond
to have similarity or equality with
something
sudden
happening, coming, or done very
quickly in a way that is not expected
gay
sexually attracted to someone who is
the same sex
plastic
a light, artificial substance that can be
made into different shapes when it is
soft and is used in a lot of different
ways
freeze
to be become a hard substance (such
as ice) because of cold
peer
someone who is the same age, or who
has the same social position or
abilities as other members of a group
tooth
one of the hard white objects inside
the mouth that are used for biting and
chewing
exception
someone or something that is different
from others:someone or something
that is not included
excuse
to forgive someone for making a
mistake, doing something wrong, etc.,
bet
to risk money on the result of a game,
competition, etc.
plain
having no pattern or decoration, easy
to see or understand
crop
a plant or plant product that is grown
by farmers
equivalent
having equality in value, use or
meaning
rural
relating to the countryside and not to
towns
complicate
to make (something) more difficult or
less simple
meat the flesh of an animal used as food
collapse to break down and fall apart suddenly
dish
a shallow container that you cook or
serve food in
enterprise a business or organization
luck
the things that happen to a person
because of chance
restrict to prevent from doing something
subsequent happening or coming after, later
originally
at the beginning or before any
changes
perfectly
used to emphasize the word that
follows it; in a perfect way
thick
having a large distance between the
top and bottom or front and back
surfaces
encounter
unexpectedly be faced with or
experience
invitation
when someone invites you to do
something or go somewhere
proud
very happy and pleased because of
something you have done, something
you own, someone you know or are
related to, etc.
chip
a piece of potato that is cooked in oil; a
microchip in a computer
analyst
someone whose job is to examine the
details of a situation carefully, and give
their opinion about it
valuable
worth a lot of money, very useful or
helpful
bike bicycle; motorbike / motorcycle
retail
when products are sold to customers
from shops
calm not angry, upset, excited, etc.
unusual
different and not ordinary, often in a
way that is interesting or exciting
criticism
a negative comment; judgments and
opinions on books, plays, films, etc.
personally done by you and not someone else
plot
the things that happen in a story; a
plan to do something bad
beauty the quality of being physically attractive
preserve
to keep (something) in its original state
or in good condition
emergency
a serious or dangerous situation that
needs immediate action
comfort
a state or situation in which you are
relaxed and do not have any physically
unpleasant feelings caused by pain,
heat, cold, etc.
deserve
used to say that someone or
something should or should not have
or be given
repair
to put (something that is broken or
damaged) back into good
condition:fix
update to add new information
severe very bad, serious, or unpleasant
recognition
the act of accepting that something is
true or important or that it exists
secondary less important than something else
proof
something which shows that
something else is true or correct
capable having the ability to do something
outline
a written list or description of only the
most important parts of an essay,
speech, plan, etc.
depression
when you feel very unhappy, or a
mental illness that makes you feel very
unhappy
evaluate
to form an idea to judge something
carefully
pension
money that a person receives after
retirement
external to be outside of something
cope
to deal successfully with a difficult
situation
emphasis
a special quality in the way something
is said
restriction
a rule or law that limits what people
can do
partly
used to show that something is true to
some degree but not completely
aside to or toward the side
massive very big
intellectual
using or relating to your ability to think
and understand things
minority
a part of a group which is less than
half of the whole group, often much
less
revolution
the attempt by many people to end
the rule of one government
submit
accept to a superior force, obey to
someone
prospect
the possibility that something will
happen
equation
when you show that two amounts are
equal using mathematical symbols
unemployment
the number of people who are without
jobs; not having a job
intervention
when someone intervenes, especially
to prevent something from happening
delight
a strong feeling of happiness:great
pleasure or satisfaction
mom mother
anymore
If you do not do something or
something does not happen any more,
you have stopped doing it or it does
not now happen
smart intelligent
numerous existing in large numbers
illness
a disease of the body or mind;
sickness
abandon
to give up or quit, something not
finished yet
confuse
to make (someone) uncertain or
unable to understand something
wheel
one of the round parts underneath a
car, wagon, etc., that rolls and allows
something to move
crucial extremely important
efficient
capable of producing desired results
without wasting materials, time, or
energy
dominate to have power or influence over
database
information stored in a computer in an
organized structure so that it can be
searched in different ways
split
to break apart or into pieces especially
along a straight line
trace
find, describe or discover by
investigation
isolate
to keep in a place or situation apart
from others
port
a town or an area of a town next to
water where ships arrive and leave
from
drama
a play that is performed on stage,
theater, or TV
nose
the part of the face or head through
which a person or animal smells and
breathes
rapidly happening or moving very quickly
dispute
a disagreement, especially one that
lasts a long time
landscape
the appearance of an area of land,
especially in the countryside
spell
to say, write, or print the letters of (a
word or name)
ultimately
finally, after a series of things have
happened; in the end
inch
a unit of measurement equal
to 136 yard or 112 of a foot (2.54
centimeters)
profile
a short description of someone's life,
character, work, etc.
phenomenon a fact that can observed and studied
entertainment
shows, films, television, or other
performances or activities that
entertain people
boundary
something (such as a river, a fence, or
an imaginary line) that shows where an
area ends and another area begins
gender the state of being male or female
assistance help
dramatic
very sudden or noticeable; full of action
and excitement
educate
to teach (someone) especially in a
school, college, or university
edition
a book, newspaper, etc. that is one of
several that are the same and were
produced at the same time
wing
a part of an animal's body that is used
for flying or gliding
similarly in a similar way
specialist
someone who has a lot of experience,
knowledge, or skill in a particular
subject
formula
a plan, rule or method for doing or
making something
achievement
when you succeed in doing something
good, usually by working hard
innovation
a new idea or method that is being
tried for the first time, or the use of
such ideas or methods
festival
a series of special events,
performances, etc. that often takes
place over several days
coverage
the way a newspaper, television
program, etc. reports an event or
subject
pitch
in baseball, to throw the ball towards
the hitter; to try to persuade someone
to buy or decide something
gate
a place in a wall or a fence that has a
movable part which can be opened or
closed like a door
unknown not known; not famous
distinction a difference between two similar things
slight very small in degree or amount
roof
the cover or top of a building, vehicle,
etc.
scream
to make a loud, high noise with your
voice, or to shout something in a loud,
high voice because you are afraid,
hurt, or angry
convert
to change into a different form,
character, or function
minor
not so large in size, not important or
valuable
negotiate
to try to make or change an agreement
by discussion
era
a period of time in history that is
special for a particular reason
episode
one program of a series shown on
television; a single event or period of
time
volunteer
to offer to do something without being
asked or told to do it
infection
a disease in a part of your body that is
caused by bacteria or a virus
preparation
the things that you do or the time that
you spend preparing for something
arrival
when someone or something arrives
somewhere
silver
a soft grayish-white metal that is very
valuable and is used to make jewelry,
coins, knives, forks, etc.
electricity
a type of energy that can produce light
and heat, or make machines work
sink
to go down below the surface of water,
mud, etc.
unlikely not expected to happen
grand
involving or including many people or
things:very large in scope
web
part of the Internet that consists of all
the connected websites (= pages of
text and pictures); a spider's net used
to catch insects
transition
when something changes from one
system or method to another, often
gradually
upset angry or unhappy
forecast
a report saying what is likely to happen
in the future
pollution
damage caused to water, air, etc. by
harmful substances or waste
eliminate completely remove, to get rid of
agenda
a list of subjects that people will
discuss at a meeting
wire a thin, flexible thread of metal
prize
something that is won in a contest or
given as an award
crack
to break (something) so that there are
lines in its surface but it is usually not
separated into pieces
deeply very much
cable
a wire covered by plastic that carries
electricity, telephone signals, etc.
apparent easy to see or clearly understand
zone
an area where a particular thing
happens:
fault
responsibility for a problem, mistake,
bad situation, etc.
cooperation
when you work together with someone
or do what they ask you
pub
a place where you can get drinks such
as beer and usually food
characterize
to be typical of someone or something;
to describe or show someone or
something in a particular way
honest
good and truthful:not lying, stealing,
or cheating
supporter
someone who supports a particular
idea, group, or person; a sports fan
inspire
to make someone feel that they want
to do something and can do it
whisper to speak very softly or quietly
hunt
to chase and kill (wild animals) for food
or pleasure
toy something a child plays with
welfare
a program for poor or unemployed
people help living
everyday
used or seen every day:suitable for
every day
cloud
a white or gray mass in the sky that is
made of many very small drops of
water
constraint something that limits what you can do
perceive
to notice or become aware of
something
ease
freedom from pain or trouble:comfort
of body or mind
solid
firm or hard:not having the form of a
gas or liquid
prisoner
someone who is being kept in prison
as a punishment, or because they
have been caught by an enemy
expansion
when something increases in size or
amount
agricultural
the work and methods of growing
crops and looking after animals which
are then used for food
virtually almost
knee
the joint that bends at the middle of
your leg
album
several songs or pieces of music on a
CD or record; a book in which you
keep photographs, stamps, etc.
bend
to use force to cause (something, such
as a wire or pipe) to become curved
exposure
when someone experiences
something or is affected by it because
they are in a particular situation or
place
alter to change a part of something
digital
electronic systems that change sounds
or images into signals in the form of
binary numbers
pour
to cause (something) to flow in a
steady stream from or into a container
or place
satisfaction
a happy or pleased feeling because of
something that you did or something
that happened to you
tension
a feeling that you are nervous, worried,
and not relaxed
wet
covered or soaked with water or
another liquid:not dry
perception
what you think or believe about
someone or something
dimension
a measurable extent of length, width,
or height
tight
difficult to move:fastened, attached,
or held in a position that is not easy to
move
restore
to put or bring back into existence or
use, mend
beer
an alcoholic drink made from grain, or
a glass or container of this drink
sweep
to remove (something, such as dust or
dirt) from a surface with a broom or
brush or with a quick movement of
your hand, fingers, etc.
interpret
to understand or translate the meaning
of something
assist to support or help someone
crew
a team of people with special skills
who work together
essay
a short piece of writing about a
particular subject, especially one
written by a student
assure to make sure of something
anger
a strong feeling of being upset or
annoyed because of something wrong
or bad
deposit
a payment that you make immediately
when you decide to buy something, as
proof that you will really buy it
shower
a device that produces a spray of
water for you to stand under and wash
your body
string
a long, thin piece of twisted thread
that you use to attach things, tie things
together, or hang things
elderly
a more polite word for 'old', used to
describe people
extensive
large in size or amount:very full or
complete
truck
a large road vehicle for carrying goods
from place to place
uniform
same designed clothing that identifies
belongings
mood
the way someone feels at a particular
time
detect
to discover or identify the presence of
something
beneath in or to a lower position:below
shadow
a dark shape that appears on a
surface when someone or something
moves between the surface and a
source of light
mode
a particular form, way or type of
something
territory
land that is owned or controlled by a
particular country
trail
a path through the countryside, often
where people walk
nervous worried and anxious
parallel
very similar and often occurring at the
same time
sail to travel on water in a ship or boat
sensitive
easily upset by the things that people
think or say about you
hero
someone who does something brave
or good which people respect or
admire them for
competitor
someone who is trying to win or do
better than all others especially in
business or sports:someone who is
competing
initially at the beginning
transform
to change the shape completely in a
good way
strip to remove your clothing
stream
a natural flow of water that is smaller
than a river
breed a type of dog, sheep, pig, etc.
attribute
to say that something is because of
something else
vital necessary
awful very bad, of low quality, or unpleasant
devote
to decide to use or give something for
something else
stem
the main long and thin part of a plant
that rises above the soil and supports
the leaves and flowers
height
a measurement of how tall a person or
thing is; the distance from the bottom
to the top of a person or thing
apologize
to tell someone that you are sorry
about something you have done
alright
good enough, although not very good;
safe or well
owe
to need to pay or repay money to a
person, bank, business, etc.
genetic
relating to genes(= parts of cells which
control particular characteristics)
persuade
to cause (someone) to do something
by asking, arguing, or giving reasons
recruit
to try to persuade someone to work
for a company or to join an
organization
vice
something bad that someone often
does; crime that involves sex or drugs
steady
not shaking or moving:held firmly in
one place or position
heavily a lot or to a great degree
entrance the act of entering something
furniture
chairs, tables, beds, etc., that are used
to make a room ready for use
strain
when you feel worried and nervous
about something; an injury to part of
your body that is caused by using it too
much
random
chosen, done without a particular plan
or pattern
justify giving reasons for doing something
measurement
the process of measuring something;
the size and shape of something
rarely not often
meter
a piece of equipment for measuring
the amount of something such as
electricity, time, or light
pace
the speed at which someone or
something moves or does something
western located in or toward the west
constitute to make up or form something
spare
kept as something extra that can be
used if it is needed
designer
someone who draws and plans how
something will be made
mature
being an adult, being fully developed
physically
evil
morally bad, causing harm or injury to
someone
curve
a smooth, rounded line, shape, path,
etc.
guilty
ashamed because you have done
something wrong; having broken a law
jacket a short coat
false
not real or genuine used to say that
something is not really what it seems
to be
demonstration
a protest in which people march or
stand together; showing how to do
something, or how something works
wound
an injury that is caused when a knife,
bullet, etc., cuts or breaks the skin
frighten to cause (someone) to become afraid
muscle
one of many pieces of tissue in the
body that are connected to bones and
which produce movement by becoming
longer or shorter
grass
plants that have narrow green leaves,
that are eaten by cows, sheep, horses,
etc., and that are commonly grown on
lawns and in gardens
substance a material of a particular kind
pink
a pale red color:a color that is a
mixture of red and white
symbol
an action, object that represents a
particular idea or quality
foundation
the action of establishing an
organization
cite
to write or say the words from a book
or other source
extension
the act of making something longer or
greater
tank
a large container for storing liquid or
gas
disaster
something that causes a lot of harm or
damage; a very bad situation or result
sigh
to breathe out slowly and noisily, often
because you are annoyed or unhappy
routine
the things you regularly do and how
and when you do them
cake
a sweet baked food made from a
mixture of flour, sugar, and other
ingredients (such as eggs and butter)
efficiency
the ability to do something or produce
something without wasting materials,
time, or energy
membership
the state of belonging to or being a
part of a group or an organization:the
state of being a member
smooth
having a flat, even surface:not
rough:not having any bumps, ridges,
or uneven parts
portion a part of a whole
mirror
a piece of glass with a shiny metallic
material on one side which produces
an image of anything that is in front of
it
resort
a place where many people go for a
holiday
withdraw
to take money out of a bank account;
to move out of a position, competition,
area, etc.
resistance
refusal to accept something new or
different
giant
extremely big, or much bigger than
other similar things
bid
an attempt to achieve something; an
offer to pay a particular amount of
money for something
naturally
as you would expect; something that
happens because of nature
summary
a brief statement that gives the most
important info
radical
a very new and different from what is
traditional
tune
a series of musical notes that produce
a pleasing sound when played or
sung
van
a vehicle that is used for carrying
things but which is smaller than a truck
mutual shared between two or more people
boot
a strong shoe that covers your foot and
part of your leg
fascinate to interest someone a lot
entitle
to give someone the right to do or have
something
god the creator and ruler of the universe
broadcast
to send out (signals, programs, etc.) by
radio or television
singer someone who sings
platform
a raised surface for people to stand
on, especially when they are speaking
to a lot of people; the area in a railway
station where you get on and off the
train
whenever at any or every time that
apartment
a set of rooms for someone to live in
on one level of a building or house
conventional Usual or traditional
independence
when someone looks after themselves
and does not need money, help, or
permission from other people
reverse
to change to an opposite state ,way or
condition
illustration
a picture in a book, magazine, etc.; an
example that explains or proves
something
loud
making or causing a lot of
noise:strong and noticeable in sound
loose not tightly fastened, attached, or held
quantity an amount or number of something
poem
a piece of writing that usually has
figurative language and that is written
in separate lines that often have a
repeated rhythm and sometimes
rhyme
damn used to express anger
pose
to put someone in a position to be
photographed
depth a distance below a surface
significance
the importance or meaning of
something
planet
a large, round object in space that
moves around the sun or another star
iron
a heavy type of metal that is very
common, occurs naturally in blood,
and is used to make steel and in many
products
gradually slowly over a period of time
approval
when you think that something or
someone is good or right; official
permission
evaluation
to consider or study something
carefully and decide how good or bad
it is
wealth
a large amount of money and
possessions
visual relating to seeing or to the eyes, sight
consult
to talk about something to make a
decision
sponsor
to give money to someone to support
an activity, event, or organization,
sometimes as a way to advertise your
company or product
stupid
not intelligent:having or showing a
lack of ability to learn and understand
things
trap
a device that is used for catching
animals
badly
very seriously; in a way that is of low
quality or in an unpleasant way
log
a long, heavy section of a tree that has
fallen or been cut down
crazy stupid or strange
adjust to change a position to be comfortable
dirty not clean
zero the number 0
gaze
to look for a long time at someone or
something or in a particular direction
button
a small, usually round piece of plastic,
glass, metal, etc., that is sewn to a
piece of clothing and is pushed
through a loop or hole to fasten one
part of the clothing to another part
extraordinary
very unusual:very different from what
is normal or ordinary
hesitate
to stop briefly before you do something
especially because you are nervous or
unsure about what to do
establishment
an organization or business; when an
organization, school, business, etc. is
started
creative
good at thinking of new ideas or using
imagination to create new and unusual
things
constantly happening a lot or all the time
probability
how likely it is that something will
happen
vegetable
a plant that you eat, for example
potatoes, onions, beans, etc.
alcohol
drinks such as wine and beer that can
make you drunk
remarkable
very unusual or noticeable in a way
that you admire
throat
the tube inside the neck that leads to
the stomach and lungs
dependent
decided or controlled by something
else
steel
a strong, hard metal made of iron and
carbon
sustain to keep providing what is needed
ally
someone who supports you, especially
when other people are against you; a
country that has agreed to help
another country, especially in a war
ethnic
connected with people who shares a
cultural tradition
pleasant
causing a feeling of happiness or
pleasure
exceed
to be greater in number than
something
historian
someone who studies or writes about
history
sugar
a sweet substance usually in the form
of white or brown crystals or white
powder that comes from plants and is
used to make foods sweeter
brilliant
very good; extremely clever; full of light
or color
involvement
when someone or something is
involved in an activity or event
philosophy
a study of ideas about the fundamental
nature of life
hypothesis
an idea that leads to further study or
discussion
bread
a baked food made from a mixture of
flour and water
drag
to pull (someone or something that is
heavy or difficult to move)
edit
to make changes so that something
can be used
inner
on the inside, or near the middle of
something
statistic
a number that represents a piece of
information
liability
when you are legally responsible for
something; a debt; a disadvantage
anticipate
to expect or look ahead to something
positively
league
a group of teams which compete
against each other in a sport
seal
an animal with smooth fur that eats
fish and lives near the sea
grab
to take hold of something or someone
suddenly
flood
a large amount of water covering an
area of land that is usually dry
compensation
money that you pay to someone
because you are responsible for
injuring them or damaging something;
money paid for work
segment
one of the parts that something can be
divided into
compound
combining two or more parts to form
something new
occasionally not happening often
spin
to turn or cause someone or
something to turn around repeatedly
desert
an area of very dry land that is usually
covered with sand and is very hot
operator
a person who uses and controls
something (such as a machine, device,
or business):someone who operates
something
tower
a tall, narrow building or structure that
may stand apart from or be attached to
another building or structure
newly recently
paragraph
a section of writing that usually deals
with one subject
advocate to push for something positive
bath
the act of washing the body usually by
sitting or lying in a container filled with
water
blind unable to see
confident
having a feeling or belief that you can
do something well or succeed at
something:having confidence
overcome to defeat (someone or something)
briefly lasting only for a short time
pure not mixed with anything else
regularly
often; at the same time each day,
week, month, etc.
counsel a lawyer; advice
disturb
to stop (someone) from working,
sleeping, etc.
burden
something difficult or unpleasant that
you have to deal with or worry about
silent not speaking or making noise
behave
to act in an acceptable way:to act
properly
tap
to hit (someone or something) lightly
especially with a small sound
alarm
a loud noise that warns you of danger
or is used to wake you
fantastic very good
valley
an area of low land between hills or
mountains
preference
a feeling of liking or wanting one
person or thing more than another
person or thing
discovery
the act of finding or learning something
for the first time
dare
to have enough courage or confidence
to do something
skirt
a piece of clothing worn by women and
girls that hangs from the waist down
eastern located toward the east
poverty the state of being poor
registration
when a name or information is
recorded on an official list
cigarette
a thin tube of paper filled with tobacco,
that people smoke
criticize
to make negative comments about
something or someone
bowl
a round container that has tall, curving
sides and that is used for preparing or
serving foods and liquids
cousin a child of your uncle or aunt
offense
a criminal act;something that causes
a person to be hurt, angry, or upset
clause
a part of a sentence that has its own
subject
impress
to make someone admire or respect
you
jury
a group of people in a court of law who
decide if someone is guilty or not
venture
a new activity that may not be
successful
virus
an infectious organism too small to be
seen that causes disease, or an illness
that it causes; a harmful computer
program
anxiety
fear or nervousness about what might
happen
illegal not allowed by law
wrap
to cover (something) by winding or
folding a piece of material around it
harm
physical or mental damage or
injury:something that causes
someone or something to be hurt,
broken, made less valuable or
successful, etc.
survival
when someone or something
continues to live or exist, especially
after a difficult or dangerous situation
teenager
someone who is between 13 and 19
years old
specialize
to spend most of your time studying
one particular subject or doing one
type of business
moderate
average in size or amount; neither too
much nor too little
limitation
when something is controlled so that it
is less than a particular amount or
number
modify to make minor change to something
accurate there is no mistake or error
angle
the difference between the direction of
two lines or surfaces that come
together:the space or shape formed
when two lines or surfaces meet each
other
comprehensive including most or all things
rival
a person or thing that tries to defeat or
be more successful than another
adequate enough for someone's needs
universal done or experienced by everyone
tourism
the business of providing services for
tourists, including organizing their
travel, hotels, entertainment, etc.
chest
the front part of the body between the
neck and the stomach
expenditure when you use energy, time, or money
margin
the edge or border of a page on
above, below
recovery
when a system or situation or person
returns to the way it was before
something bad happened
mount to increase in amount or level
mate a friend; an animal's sexual partner
admire
to feel respect or approval for
(someone or something)
gesture
a movement you make with your hand,
arm, or head to express what you are
thinking or feeling
musician
a person who writes, sings, or plays
music
rapid happening in a short amount of time
stair
a series of steps that go from one level
or floor to another
charm
a quality that causes someone or
something to be very likable:an
attractive quality
slave
someone who is legally owned by
another person and is forced to work
for that person without pay
scare to frighten a person or animal
amendment
a change in the words of a document,
or the process of doing this
incentive
something that encourages a person
to work hard
format
the form, design, or arrangement of
something
consultant
someone who advises people about a
particular subject
deficit
the amount by which the money that
you spend is more than the money that
you receive
mortgage money that you borrow to buy a home
abstract relating to something that doesn't exist
overseas
in or to a foreign country that is across
a sea
literary of or relating to literature
experimental
relating to tests, especially scientific
ones
architecture
the design and style of buildings; the
profession of designing buildings
possess to have or own (something)
dig
to move soil, sand, snow, etc., in order
to create a hole
opponent
someone who you compete against in
a game or competition; someone who
disagrees with an idea or action
evolution
the way in which living things gradually
change and develop over millions of
years; a gradual process of change
and development
versus
used to say that one team or person is
competing against another; used to
compare two things or ideas
lend
to give (something) to (someone) to be
used for a period of time and then
returned
custom
an action or way of behaving that is
usual and traditional among the people
in a particular group or place
keen
very interested or enthusiastic; very
good or well developed
translate
to change words from one language
into another language
cough
to force air through your throat with a
short, loud noise often because you
are sick
distinct
recognizably different in nature from
something else
rough having a surface that is not even
surgery
when a doctor cuts your body open
and repairs or removes something
buyer someone who buys something
burst
to break open or into pieces in a
sudden and violent way
pen a writing instrument that uses ink
quietly making little or no noise
laboratory a room used for scientific work
tube
a long, hollow object that is used
especially to control the flow of a liquid
or gas
capability the ability or power to do something
province
one of the large areas which some
countries are divided into because of
the type of government they have
twin
one of two children who are born to the
same mother at the same time
adapt
to change something to fit a new
purpose
chicken
a bird that is raised by people for its
eggs and meat
scholar
someone who has studied a subject
and knows a lot about it
mess
Someone or something that is a mess,
or is in a mess, is dirty or untidy; a
confused or difficult situation
precisely exactly
therapy
the work of treating mental or physical
illness without using an operation
frequent happening often
wealthy rich
journal
a book for recording personal
experiences and thoughts
composition
the way in which something is put
together or arranged
mad very angry
tissue
the material that animals and plants
are made of; a soft piece of paper that
you use for cleaning your nose
flash a sudden bright light
stroke
a serious illness caused when a blood
vessel in your brain suddenly breaks or
is blocked
champion
a person, animal, or team that wins a
competition
sand
the very tiny, loose pieces of rock that
cover beaches, deserts, etc.
promotion
when someone is given a more
important job in the same organization;
an advertising campaign or sale
charity
an official organization that gives
money, food, or help to people who
need it; money, food, or other help
bury
to put (a dead person or animal) in a
grave
tendency
something that someone often does,
or something that often happens
barrier
something that prevents people from
doing what they want to do
cream
a very thick liquid or soft substance
that is rubbed into the skin to make it
softer or is used as a medicine for the
skin
rid
to no longer have or be affected or
bothered by (someone or something
that is unwanted or annoying)
brush
a tool with many stiff hairs, fibers, etc.,
that is used for cleaning, smoothing, or
painting something
dialog a short conversation, especially written
publisher
a company or person who prepares
and prints books, newspapers,
magazines, etc.
consequently as a result
democratic
following or supporting the political
system of democracy; where everyone
has equal rights and can help to make
decisions
abortion
a medical operation to end a
pregnancy when the baby is still too
small to live
govern
to officially control and lead, conduct
the policy, make decisions
exact
fully and completely correct or
accurate
hurry to move, act, or go quickly
whilst
during the same time; used to
compare two different facts or
situations
privilege
an advantage that only one person or
group has, usually because of their
position or because they are rich
creature an animal of any type
dismiss
to send (someone) away:to cause or
allow (someone) to leave
cap
a small, soft hat that often has a hard
curved part (called a visor) that
extends out over your eyes
participation
to be involved with other people in an
activity
visible can see , easily seen or understood
narrative
a story or description of a series of
events
classical
music by people like Mozart and
Stravinsky; traditional in style
assign
to give someone a particular job or
something to do
regret
to feel sad or sorry about (something
that you did or did not do):to have
regrets about (something)
twist
to bend or turn (something) in order to
change its shape
impressive
Someone or something that is
impressive makes you admire and
respect them
motor
a machine that produces motion or
power for doing work
prompt to cause (someone) to do something
ruin
to damage (something) so badly that it
is no longer useful, valuable,
enjoyable, etc.:to spoil or destroy
(something)
density
the number of people or things in a
place when compared with the size of
the place; the relationship between
the weight of a substance and its size
resist
to fight against (something):to try to
stop or prevent (something)
rescue
to save (someone or something) from
danger or harm
implementation
to make a law, system, plan, etc. start
to happen or operate
coal
a black or brownish-black hard
substance within the earth that is used
as a fuel
lecture
a talk or speech about a particular
subject
awareness when you know about something
maintenance
the work that is done to keep
something in good condition
greatly very much
inflation
the rate at which prices increase, or a
continuing increase in prices
psychological
relating to the human mind and
feelings
institutional
relating to a large and important
organization, such as a government,
university or bank
dust
fine dry powder that builds up inside
buildings on surfaces that have not
recently been cleaned
successfully
in a way that acomplishes what you
want to achieve
cancel
to say that an organized event will not
now happen; to stop an order for
goods or services
functional
designed to be practical or useful and
not only attractive; operating correctly
scope the area that is included in or dealt with
species
a group of plants or animals which
share similar characteristics
float to rest on top of a liquid
absolute complete and total
passion
a strong belief in something or a strong
feeling about a subject; sexual feelings
airline
a company that provides regular flights
to places
motivate
to make someone enthusiastic about
doing something
module
a part of an object that can operate
alone, especially a part of a
spacecraft; part of a course or a
textbook
fold
to bend one part of (something) over
or against another part
theoretical
related to an explanation that has not
been proved
react
to behave or make change in a
particular way
wooden made of wood
poet a person who writes poems
insight
the capacity to understand something
very clearly
partnership
when two people or organizations work
together to achieve something
counter
to prevent something or reduce the
bad effect that it has
stain to leave a mark on something
automatically without human control
penalty
a punishment for doing something
which is against a law or rule
rail
a bar that goes from one post or
support to another and that is used to
form a barrier
salt
a natural white substance that is used
especially to flavor or preserve food
contest a competition or election
bin
a container that is used to put waste in;
a container for storing things
violent
using or involving the use of physical
force to cause harm or damage to
someone or something
aggressive
behaving in an angry and violent way
towards others; using forceful methods
in order to achieve
sake
the benefit of someone or something
used in phrases with for to say that
something is done to help a particular
person or thing
opera
a musical play in which most of the
words are sung
undergo
to experience or endure, be subjected
to
embrace
to hold, or hug, someone; to accept
new ideas, beliefs, etc. in an
enthusiastic way
divorce
when two people officially stop being
married
pile
a group of things that are put one on
top of another
march
to walk with regular steps as a
group:to walk in the regular and
organized way of soldiers
pale light in color
acceptable good enough; allowed or approved of
literally
having the real or original meaning of a
word or phrase
allege
to say that someone has done
something wrong or illegal, but not
prove it
grammar
the set of rules that explain how words
are used in a language
permission
the right or ability to do something that
is given by someone who has the
power to decide if it will be allowed or
permitted
regulate
to set or adjust the amount, restrict
something
cluster
a group of similar things that are close
together
compromise
when you agree to something which is
not exactly what you want
diversity
when many different types of things or
people are included in something
immigrant
someone who comes to live in a
different country
historic
important in history or likely to be
important in history
gallery
a room or building that is used for
showing paintings and other art to the
public
dedicate to give energy and time to something
pretend
to act as if something is true when it is
not true
castle
a large building usually with high, thick
walls and towers that was built in the
past to protect against attack
tackle
to try to deal with a problem; in sports,
to try to take the ball from someone or
knock them down
golf
a game on grass where players try to
hit a small ball into a series of holes
using a long, thin stick
celebration
when you celebrate a special day or
event
embarrass to make someone feel ashamed or shy
personnel
the people who work for an
organization
boost
something that makes you feel more
confident and happy, or that helps
something increase or improve
extract to remove or take out
pig
an animal that has a fat body with
short legs, a small tail, and a wide
nose and that is raised on a farm or
lives in the wild
roughly approximately
injure do physical harm or damage
mixture
something made by combining two or
more ingredients
announcement
something that someone says
officially, giving information about
something
biological
relating to the study of living things
such as plants and animals
praise
to say or write good things about
(someone or something):to express
approval of (someone or something)
disagree
to have a different opinion:to fail to
agree
electric of or relating to electricity
excess
an amount that is more than the usual
or necessary amount
fulfill
to do something that you have
promised to do or that you are
expected to do
depress to make feel sad or depressed
fancy to want to have or do (something)
compose
to come together to form or make
(something)
continuous happening or existing without stopping
complexity
involving a lot of different but
connected parts in a way that is
difficult to understand
friendship
the state of being friends:the
relationship between friends
stability
when something is not likely to change
or move
accomplish to succeed in doing something good
comprise to make up or form something
holder
someone who officially owns
something
inquiry a request for information
weakness
when someone or something is not
strong or powerful; a part of something
or someone that is not good
noun
a word that is the name of something
(such as a person, animal, place,
thing, quality, idea, or action) and is
typically used in a sentence as subject
or object of a verb or as object of a
preposition
civilian
someone who is not a member of a
military organization or the police
racial relating to people's race
tail
the part of an animal's body that
extends from the animal's back end
tale
a story, especially one which is not true
or is difficult to believe
weigh
to find how heavy (someone or
something) is:to measure the weight
of
evolve
to slowly change or develop into
something better
potentially possibly
mere
used to say that something is small,
unimportant, etc.
fortune a very large amount of money
gently
in a kind and careful way as not to hurt
or upset anyone or anything
poetry
poems in general, or the writing of
poetry
server
a computer that is used only for storing
and managing programs and
information used by other computers
sanction
a punishment for not obeying a rule or
a law
guitar
a musical instrument with strings that
you play by pulling the strings with your
fingers or a piece of plastic
profession
a type of job that requires special
education or skill
pump
a device that forces liquid, air, or gas
into or out of something
chamber
a room used for an official or special
purpose
veteran
someone who has been in the military;
someone who has done a job or
activity for a long time
shine to give off light
championship
a competition to find the best team or
player in a particular game or sport
stake
If something is at stake, it is in a
situation where it might be lost or
damaged; an amount of money
invested in a business
gear
a set of parts in a vehicle or bicycle
that control how fast the wheels turn;
the clothes and equipment used for a
particular purpose
joy a feeling of great happiness
remote far away
entertain
to have people as guests in your
home or in a public place
reliable able to be trusted or believed
strengthen
to make (someone or something)
stronger, more forceful, more effective,
etc.
orange
a citrus fruit that is round and that has
an orange skin
cheek
the soft part of your face below your
eye
jail
a place where criminals are kept as a
punishment
forever for all time in the future
imagination
the ability to create ideas or pictures in
your mind
bias
a tendency to believe certain people or
ideas
possession
the condition of having or owning
something
chat
to talk with someone in a friendly and
informal way
dramatically
suddenly or unexpectedly; with much
drama
carbon
a chemical element present in all
animals and plants and in coal and oil
(symbol C)
servant
a person who is hired to do household
or personal duties such as cleaning
and cooking
curious
having a desire to learn or know more
about something or someone
structural relating to the structure of something
neglect
to fail to take care of or to give
attention to (someone or something)
compute to find out by calculating or estimating
rear the back part of something
ski
one of a pair of long, thin pieces of
wood or plastic that you wear on the
bottom of boots to move over snow
pot
a deep, round container that is used
for cooking
revise
to make changes, add something to
improve
snap
to break something, such as a pencil,
making a short, loud sound
stimulate
to make something happen or develop
more; to make someone feel
interested and excited
grin to smile a big smile
adjustment
a slight change that you make to
something so that it works better, fits
better, or is more suitable
printer
a machine which is connected to a
computer and which produces writing
or images on paper
moon
the large round object that circles the
Earth and that shines at night by
reflecting light from the sun
boom
a period when there is a big increase
in sales or profits; a loud, deep sound
scan
to examine something with a machine;
to use a machine that copies a
document into a computer
cheese
a yellow or white solid food that is
made from milk
shell
the hard outer covering of an animal,
insect, etc., that protects it
pride
a feeling that you respect yourself and
deserve to be respected by other
people
grandmother the mother of your mother or father
situate to put something in a particular position
resign
to give up (a job or position) in a formal
or official way
supplement
something that is added to make it
complete, help understanding
bunch
a group of things of the same kind that
are held or tied together or that grow
together
clothing clothes, especially of a particular type
barely only just
ceremony
a formal act or event that is a part of a
social or religious occasion
firmly not gently, with some force
pipe
a long, hollow tube for carrying water,
steam, gas, etc.
maker
the person or company that makes a
product
hopefully
used, often at the start of a sentence,
to express what you would like to
happen
trigger a lever on a gun that you pull to fire
stomach
the organ in your body where food
goes and begins to be digested after
you swallow it
destruction
the act or process of damaging
something so badly that it no longer
exists or cannot be repaired
craft
an activity in which you make
something using a lot of skill,
especially with your hands; a boat,
airplane, or spaceship
intense very strong, great or extreme in degree
pregnant
A pregnant woman has a baby
developing inside her uterus
logic
a proper or linear way of thinking about
something
indication
a sign showing that something exists
or is likely to be true
subsequently happening after something else
presumably
used to say what you think is the likely
situation
happiness the feeling of being happy
interior the inside part of something
magic
special powers that can make things
happen that seem impossible
menu
a list of food and drinks that you can
order in a restaurant; a list of choices
on a computer or electronic device
mystery something that is not known
pro
someone who earns money for playing
a sport
greet
to meet (someone who has just
arrived) with usually friendly and polite
words and actions:welcome
humor
the ability to laugh and recognize that
something is funny
concrete
a hard substance that is used in
building and is made by mixing sand,
water, small stones, and cement
flag
a piece of cloth with a special design
that is used as a symbol of a nation or
group
chocolate
a sweet, brown food that is made from
cocoa
shelter
a structure that covers or protects
people or things
guideline a rule, instruction or principle
cow
a large animal that is raised by people
for milk or meat usually on a farm
ownership the state or fact of owning something
summarize
to describe briefly the main facts or
ideas of something
knife
a usually sharp blade attached to a
handle that is used for cutting or as a
weapon
bless
to make (something or someone) holy
by saying a special prayer
trick
an action that is meant to deceive
someone
wise
having or showing wisdom or
knowledge usually from learning or
experiencing many things
motivation
enthusiasm for doing something; the
need or reason for doing something
attachment
a feeling strong connection to
someone or something; a computer file
which is sent together with an email
message
pray
to hope or wish very much for
something to happen
strict
used to describe a command, rule,
etc., that must be obeyed
silly stupid, small and not important
catalog
a book with a list of all the goods that
you can buy from a shop, or of all the
books, paintings, etc. that you can find
in a place
organic
not using artificial chemicals when
keeping animals or growing plants for
food
reckon to think that something is probably true
uncle
the brother of your father or mother or
the husband of your aunt
surprisingly
in an unexpected way that makes
someone feel surprised
regardless
without thinking about problems or
difficulties
coin
a small, flat, and usually round piece of
metal issued by a government as
money
attraction
something interesting or enjoyable
that people want to visit, see, or do
athlete
someone who is very good at a sport
and who competes with others in
organized events
harbor
a part of the ocean, a lake, etc., that is
next to land and that is protected and
deep enough to provide safety for
ships
darkness when there is little or no light
stir
to mix (something) by making circular
movements in it with a spoon or similar
object
filter
to pass a liquid or gas through a piece
of equipment in order to remove solid
pieces or other substances
romantic relating to feelings or stories of love
determination
when someone continues trying to do
something, although it is very difficult
shelf
a flat board which is attached to a
wall, frame, etc., and on which objects
can be placed
tongue
the soft, movable part in the mouth that
is used for tasting and eating food and
in human beings for speaking
reasonably in a fair way, showing good judgment
transportation
a vehicle or system of vehicles, such
as buses, trains, etc. for getting from
one place to another
tender
very loving and gentle:showing
affection and love for someone or
something
vessel a ship or large boat
piano
a large wooden musical instrument
with strings inside and black and white
bars that produce sounds when you
press them
envelope
an enclosing cover for a letter, card,
etc.
slope
ground that slants downward or
upward:ground that slopes
golden made of gold
belt
a band of material (such as leather)
that is worn around a person's waist
attendance
the number of people who go to an
event, meeting, etc.
storage
when you put things in a safe place
until they are needed
pregnancy when a woman is pregnant
invent
to create or produce (something
useful) for the first time
controversial
causing a lot of disagreement or
argument
horrible very unpleasant or bad
ocean
the salt water that covers much of the
Earth's surface
uncertainty not known, or not completely certain
fiction
literature and stories about imaginary
people or events; not real
lover
If two people are lovers, they have a
sexual relationship but they are not
married
hint
when you say something that suggests
what you think or want, but not in a
direct way; a clue
liquid a substance that is able to flow freely
nowhere not in or at any place
anxious
afraid or nervous especially about what
may happen:feeling anxiety
stranger someone you have never met before
leap to jump from one place to another
fool
a person who lacks good sense or
judgment:a stupid or silly person
adventure an exciting or dangerous experience
carpet
thick material for covering floors, often
made of wool
shade
an area of slight darkness that is
produced when something blocks the
light of the sun
portrait
a painting, drawing, or photograph of
someone
hook
a curved or bent tool for catching,
holding, or pulling something
potato
a round vegetable with a brown,
yellow, or red skin that grows in the
ground
reflection
an image that is seen in a mirror or on
a shiny surface
nerve
one of the threads in your body which
carry messages between your brain
and other parts of the body
leather
animal skin that is chemically treated
to preserve it and that is used in
making clothes, shoes, furniture, etc.
qualification
a special skill or type of experience or
knowledge that makes someone
suitable to do a particular job or
activity
exhaust
to finish all of the supply of something;
to make someone very tired
fragment a small piece of something
wander
to move around or go to different
places usually without having a
particular purpose or direction
distant
existing or happening far away in
space
unite
to join together, to come together for
the same goal
bell
a hollow usually cup-shaped metal
object that makes a ringing sound
when it is hit
grain
the seeds of plants (such as wheat,
corn, and rice) that are used for food
monthly happening or produced once a month
altogether completely and fully:totally,entirely
differently
not in the same way as someone or
something else
universe
all of space and everything in it
including stars, planets, galaxies, etc.
weekly happening once a week or every week
empire
a group of countries or regions that
are controlled by one ruler or one
government
royal of or relating to a king or queen
fence
a structure like a wall built outdoors
usually of wood or metal that
separates two areas or prevents
people or animals from entering or
leaving
luxury
something expensive that you enjoy
but do not need
bite
to press down on or cut into (someone
or something) with the teeth
comedy
entertainment such as a film, play, etc.
which is funny
confusion
a situation in which people are
uncertain about what to do or are
unable to understand something
clearly
curtain
a piece of cloth that hangs down from
above a window and can be used to
cover the window
consume to eat, drink, buy or use up something
flexible
capable of being easily bent changed
without breaking
innocent not guilty of committing a crime
tent
a portable shelter that is used
outdoors, is made of cloth (such as
canvas or nylon), and is held up with
poles and ropes
stamp
a small piece of paper that you buy
and then stick to an envelope or
package to pay the cost of mailing it
shore
the land along the edge of an area of
water (such as an ocean, lake, etc.)
voluntary
done or given by their own will and not
forced to do
genuine
If a person or their feelings are
genuine, they are sincere and honest;
real
swear
to state (something) very strongly and
sincerely
panic
a sudden, strong feeling of worry or
fear that makes you unable to think or
behave calmly
sheep
an animal with a thick woolly coat that
is often raised for meat or for its wool
and skin
mayor
the person who is elected to be the
leader of the group that governs a
town or city
gentle
having or showing a kind and quiet
nature:not harsh or violent
precise
very accurate and exact expression or
detail
raw
not cooked, or in a natural state; not
treated or prepared
wherever
in what place; where - used in
questions that express surprise or
confusion
refugee
someone who has been forced to
leave their country, especially because
of a war
listener someone who listens
weird very strange
substitute
a person or thing that makes the place
instead of something
rice
small white or brown grains that come
from a southeast Asian plant and that
are used for food
aunt
the sister of your father or mother or
the wife of your uncle
excitement a happy and enthusiastic feeling
fade to lose strength or freshness
wipe
to clean or dry (something) by using a
towel, your hand, etc.
chase
to run after someone or something in
order to catch them
slice
a flat piece of something that has been
cut from a larger piece
alongside next to someone or something
suspend
to stop something for a usually short
period of time
autumn
the season between summer and
winter
ugly
unpleasant to look at:not pretty or
attractive
hello used as a greeting
fortunate
having good luck:enjoying good
fortune:lucky
insure
to buy insurance for (something, such
as property or health)
lazy not liking to work hard or to be active
ashamed feeling shame, guiltor embarrassment
hunger
a very great need for food:a severe
lack of food
thirst
an uncomfortable feeling that is
caused by the need for something to
drink
requiring that rules be followed closely