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Author: Hubert Oggermller

Approval: May 2008




VM / Dr. Alexander Risch
_____________________










Non-black Fillers
in EPDM Extrusion
Formulation
(peroxide cured)




HOFFMANN MINERAL GmbH P.O. Box 14 60 D-86619 Neuburg (Donau) Phone (+49-84 31) 53-0 Fax (+49-84 31) 53-3 30
Internet: www.hoffmann-mineral.com e-Mail: info@hoffmann-mineral.com
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Summary


Two classes of filler are suitable for extrusion processing, particularly
when special profiles must be produced. The products based on Neuburg
Siliceous Earth and calcined clay produced the best extrusion properties
among the non-black fillers tested. Neuburg Siliceous Earth has a clear
advantage here in terms of price to performance ratio. Surface-treated
AKTISIL VM 56 wins on cost compared to untreated calcined clay, at the
same time providing better tensile strength, a higher modulus and a lower
change of elongation at break after ageing.

Where emphasis is placed on mechanical properties, combining the
active filler with carbon black or precipitated silica (or silicates in the case
of non-black applications) is a solution. Here the recipe must be adapted
to fit the specific needs involved.


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Non-black Fillers
in EPDM Extrusion Formulation
(peroxide cured)


Test Compound


EPDM, 55 % Ethylene, medium diene-content
ML (1+8) 125 C, approx. 82
1

100
Zinc oxide
2

5
Stearic acid
2
Calcium oxide coated by special dispersion agents 80 %
10
Filler
250/110/75
Diethylene glycol (DEG), as indicated
0/3/5
Paraffinic oil
4

60
Triallyl-cyanurate 50 %
5

3
Bis(t-butylperoxy-isopropyl)benzene 40 %
6

8


Regarding precipitated silica and the
different types of precipitated silicate
additional compounds with 3 phr DEG were
examined. To obtain an adequate cross
linking the various hard clays need the use
of 5 phr DEG.

Curing was carried out in a press at 180 C.
The curing time was t
90
+ 10 %.

Please mind! The following figures show
trend analysis, which only can be the basis
for specific problems solving.

Filler:
Precipitated Silica
Precipitated Silicates
Carbon Black
All others
Loading:
75 phr
110 phr
110 phr
250 phr
Open Mill
Batch
Temperature
Time of mixing
150 x 300 mm
500 cm
50 C
15 to 20 min
Extruder

Temperature of barrel
Temperature of head
d = 30 mm
L/D = 15
70 C
110 C


Applied in this test compound:
(1) Vistalon 7500 , Exxon
(2) Zinkoxyd aktiv, Bayer
(3) Kezadol GR, Kettlitz
(4) Sunpar 2280, Sun Oil Company
(5) TAC 50 %, Kettlitz
(6) Perkadox 14/40, Akzo

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Contents


Index of Compound Costs Page 4

Properties of Raw Compound
Mooney Viscosity ML (1+4) at 120 C Page 5
Mooney Scorch t
5
(ML) at 120 C Page 6
Extrudability (Quality), Rating Garvey-Profile Page 7
Extrudability (Quality), Torque of Extruder Page 8
Extrudability (Quantity), Maximum of Extrusion Speed Page 9
Extrudability (Quantity), Torque of Extruder Page 10
Rotorless Cure Meter, t
5
at 180 C Page 11
Rotorless Cure Meter, t
90
at 180 C Page 12

Properties of Vulcanizate
Tensile Strength Page 13
Elongation at Break Page 14
Modulus Page 15
Hardness Page 16
Tear Resistance Page 17
Rebound Elasticity Page 18
Abrasion Page 19
Compression Set Page 20

Properties after Air Ageing
Change of Tensile Strength Page 21
Change of Elongation at Break Page 22
Change of Hardness Page 23
Change of Tear Resistance Page 24
Annex
Pictures of extrusion profiles Page 25-27

Our technical service suggestions and the information contained in this report are based on experience
and are made to the best of our knowledge and belief, but must nevertheless be regarded as non-binding
advice subject to no guarantee. Working and employment conditions over which we have no control
exclude any damage claims arising from the use of our data and recommendations. Furthermore, we
cannot assume any responsibility for any patent infringements which might result from the use of our
information.


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Annex: Extrusion Profiles

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