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Home / Dog / Nutrition & Feeding / Foods to Avoid Feeding Your Dog:

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Foods to Avoid Feeding Your Dog


Veterinary & Aquatic Services Department, Drs. Foster & Smith

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Q. Which foods could be dangerous for my dog?


A. Some foods which are edible for humans, and even other

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species of animals, can pose hazards for dogs because


of their different metabolism. Some may cause only mild
digestive upsets, whereas, others can cause severe
illness, and even death. The following common food
items should not be fed (intentionally or unintentionally)
to dogs. This list is, of course, incomplete because we
can not possibly list everything your dog should not eat.

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Items to avoid
Alcoholic beverages

Can cause intoxication, coma, and death.

Avocado

The leaves, seeds, fruit, and bark contain persin, which can
cause vomiting and diarrhea.

Bones from fish,


poultry, or other meat
sources

Can cause obstruction or laceration of the digestive system.

Cat food

Generally too high in protein and fats.

Chocolate, coffee, tea,


and other caffeine

Contain caffeine, theobromine, or theophylline, which can


cause vomiting and diarrhea and be toxic to the heart and
nervous systems.

Citrus oil extracts

Can cause vomiting.

Fat trimmings

Can cause pancreatitis.

Fish (raw, canned or


cooked)

If fed exclusively or in high amounts can result in a thiamine (a


B vitamin) deficiency leading to loss of appetite, seizures, and in
severe cases, death.

Grapes, raisins and


currants

Contain an unknown toxin, which can damage the kidneys.


There have been no problems associated with grape seed
extract.

Hops

Unknown compound causes panting, increased heart rate,


elevated temperature, seizures, and death.

Human vitamin
supplements
containing iron

Can damage the lining of the digestive system and be toxic to


the other organs including the liver and kidneys.

Macadamia nuts

Contain an unknown toxin, which can affect the digestive and


nervous systems and muscle.

Marijuana

Can depress the nervous system, cause vomiting, and changes


in the heart rate.

Milk and other dairy


products

Some adult dogs and cats may develop diarrhea if given large
amounts of dairy products.

Moldy or spoiled food,


garbage

Can contain multiple toxins causing vomiting and diarrhea and


can also affect other organs.

Mushrooms

Can contain toxins, which may affect multiple systems in the


body, cause shock, and result in death.

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Onions and garlic (raw, Contain sulfoxides and disulfides, which can damage red blood
cooked, or powder)
cells and cause anemia. Cats are more susceptible than
dogs. Garlic is less toxic than onions.
Persimmons

Seeds can cause intestinal obstruction and enteritis.

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people

Pits from peaches and


plums

Can cause obstruction of the digestive tract.

Raw eggs

Contain an enzyme called avidin, which decreases the


absorption of biotin (a B vitamin). This can lead to skin and hair
coat problems. Raw eggs may also contain Salmonella.

Raw meat

May contain bacteria such as Salmonella and E. coli, which can


cause vomiting and diarrhea.*

Rhubarb leaves

Contain oxalates, which can affect the digestive, nervous, and


urinary systems.

Salt

If eaten in large quantities it may lead to electrolyte


imbalances.

String

Can become trapped in the digestive system; called a "string


foreign body."

Sugary foods

Can lead to obesity, dental problems, and possibly diabetes


mellitus.

Table scraps (in large


amounts)

Table scraps are not nutritionally balanced. They should never


be more than 10% of the diet. Fat should be trimmed from meat;
bones should not be fed.

Tobacco

Contains nicotine, which affects the digestive and nervous


systems. Can result in rapid heart beat, collapse, coma, and
death.

Yeast dough

Can expand and produce gas in the digestive system, causing


pain and possible rupture of the stomach or intestines.

Xylitol (artificial
sweetener)

Can cause very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), which can


result in vomiting, weakness and collapse. In high doses can
cause liver failure.

considering a raw diet for their pet educate themselves thoroughly regarding the safe handling and
preparation of raw ingredients, and the proper balance of nutrients required to maintain their pet's
health.

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