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DESIGN OF SPREAD FOOTING

Geometry
Depth of Embedment, Df: Df 1800 mm
Thickness of Footing, t:

t 750

mm

Column Lenght, CL :

CL 600

mm

Cw 600

mm

Column Width, CW :

Concrete Covering, Cc: Cc 75


Main-Bar Diameter, D:
Abar

D 28

2 615.752

m
m

mm2

Parameters
Soil Bearing Capacity, SBC:

SBC 180

kPa

Unit Weight of Soil, s:

s 15.2

kN/m3

Concrete Compressive Strength, f c:

fc 24

MPa

Steel Yield Strength, fy:

fy 414

MPa

Unit Weight of Concrete, c:

c 24

kN/m3

Loads and Moments


Vertical Load:

Moments about Y-Axis

Dead Load,DL:

DL 1400

kN

Dead Load,DL:

DLmy 450

kN

Live Load,LL:

LL 1850

kN

Live Load,LL:

LL my 280

kN

Wind Load, WL:

WL 0

kN

Wind Load, WL:

WL my 0

kN

Earthquake Load, EL EL 0

kN

Earthquake Load, EL ELmy 0

Moments about X-Axis


Dead Load,DL:

DLmx 0

kNm

Live Load,LL:

LL mx 0

kNm

Wind Load, WL:

WL mx 0

kNm

Earthquake Load, EL

ELmx 0

kNm

Vertical Load:
Unfactored Load, P:
P DL LL WL EL 3.25 10

kN

Ultimate Load, Pu:


C1 1.4DL 1.7LL 5.105 10

kN

C2 1.05DL 1.275LL 1.275WL 3.829 10


C3 1.2DL LL EL 3.53 10

kN

C4 1.2DL LL 1.6WL 3.53 10

kN
3

Pu max ( C1 C2 C3 C4 ) 5.105 10

kN
3

kN

Moment about X-Axis:


Unfactored Moment:
Mx DLmx LL mx WL mx ELmx 0
Ultimate Moment:

kNm

C1 1.4DLmx 1.7LL mx 0

kNm

C2 1.05DL mx 1.275LL mx 1.275WL mx 0

kNm

C3 1.2DLmx LL mx ELmx 0

kNm

C4 1.2DLmx LL mx 1.6WL mx 0

kNm

Mxu max ( C1 C2 C3 C4) 0

kNm

Moment about Y-Axis:


Unfactored Moment:
My DLmy LL my WL my ELmy 730
Ultimate Moment:
C1 1.4DLmy 1.7LL my 1.106 10

kNm

kNm

kN

C2 1.05DL my 1.275LL my 1.275WL my 829.5

kNm

C3 1.2DLmy LL my ELmy 820

kNm

C4 1.2DLmy LL my 1.6WL my 820

kNm

Myu max ( C1 C2 C3 C4) 1.106 10


SUMMARY
OF
LOADS:

P 3.25 10

Pu 5.105 10

kN

My 730

kN

Myu 1.106 10

Mx 0

kNm

Mxu 0

kNm

kNm

kNm
3

kNm

Soil Pressure
Net Soil Pressure, qAN:

Df t
t c
qAN SBC s

146.04
1000
1000

kPa

Eccentricity, e:
ex

ey

( Mx)
P
( My)
P

1000 0

mm

1000 224.615

mm

Set Trial Area, ATR:


L 6100

W 4500

mm

ATR L W 2.745 10

mm

mm2

NOTE: Trial and error in assuming the area of the footing. There should be no
negative pressure and/or the pressures shall not the net soil pressure.

Iy

WL
13

8.512 10

12

mm4

Ix

LW
13

4.632 10

mm4

12

* If the pressure is compression all through out the footing:


Considering Mx:
W
1000

( P)

qANMA1

ATR
1000

( Mx)

118.397

Ix
1000

kPa

W
1000

qANMI1

( P)

( Mx)

ATR
1000

118.397

Ix
1000

kPa

Considering My:
L
1000

( P)

qANMA2

ATR
1000

( My)

144.555

Iy
1000

kPa

L
1000

qANMI2

( P)
ATR
1000

Area

"Adequate"

( My)

92.239

Iy
1000

kPa

if qANMA1 qAN qANMA2 qAN qANMI1 0 qANMI2 0

"Change Dimensions"

otherwise

Area "Adequate"
*Use if and olny if there is a presence of tension pressure acting on the footing:
Considering Mx:
Assume value of L:

L 6100

mm

( 2 P 1000)

qAN

7.296 10

L
1000

mm

a e 4.864 10 6
x
3

mm

W 2
Considering My:

Assume value of W:
a

( 2 P 1000)
qAN

W
1000

1.484 10

a e 9.891 10 6
y
3

L 6100

mm

W 4500

mm

Check for One-Way Shear:

mm

W 2
USE:

mm

W 3000

mm

<<<<<<<<< INPUT THE LENGTH AND WIDTH OF


FOOTING THAT WILL BE USED FOR FURTHER DESIG
OF THE FOOTING (BASED ON THE SOLUTION ABOV

v 0.85

Effective Depth Along Long Side, dL :

dL t Cc .5D 661

mm

Effective Depth Along Short Side, dS:

dS t Cc 1.5D 633

mm

Effective Average Depth, dave :

dave t Cc D 647

mm

A. Longitudinal Direction (Long Side)

L
1000

( Pu)

Qumax1

ATR
1000

Myu

225.605

Iy

1000

kPa

L
1000

( Pu)

Qumin1

ATR
1000

Myu

146.344

Iy
1000

kPa

Shear Strength Provided by Concrete, Vc (NSCP 411.4.1.1)

Vc

1
6

( fc) W dL
3
2.429 10
kN

v Vc 2.064 10

1000

L CL 2 dL 2.089 103
2

mm

x W Df t
s 150.032
3

WtSOIL

( 2Pu) 1000
3 W qAN

kN

5.179 10

kN

1000

WtCONC

( t x W)
1000

c 169.209

kN

Actual shear at the critical section if the pressure in compression all throughout the footing:

Q2p Qumax1 Qumin1

Vowsp

Qumax1 Q2p
2

( L x)
L

( x W)
1000

Qumin1 198.461

WtSOIL WtCONC 1.674 10


2

kPa

kN

Actual shear at the critical section if there is a presence of tension pressure acting on the
footing:

Q2n Qumax1
Vowsn

Qumax1 Q2n
2

( 3 a x)
3a

( x W)
1000

195.27

kPa

WtSOIL WtCONC 1.659 10

kN

Vows

Vowsp

if Qumin1 0

Vowsn

otherwise

Depth_Adequacy

"Adequate"

1673.98

kN

if v Vc Vows

"Inadequate"

otherwise

Depth_Adequacy "Adequate"
B. Transverse Direction (Short Side)
W
1000

( Pu)

Qumax2

ATR
1000

Mxu

185.974

Ix
1000

kPa

W
1000

Qumin2

( Pu)

ATR
1000

Mxu

185.974

Ix
1000

kPa

Shear Strength Provided by Concrete, Vc (NSCP 411.4.1.1)

Vc

1
6

( fc) L dS
3
3.153 10 kN

W Cw 2 dS 1.317 103

mm

WtSOIL

v Vc 2.68 10

1000

x L Df t
s 128.218
3

WtCONC

( 2Pu) 1000
3 L qAN

kN

3.82 10

mm

kN

1000

( t x L)
1000

c 144.607

kN

Actual shear at the critical section if the pressure in compression all throughout the footing:

Q2p Qumax2 Qumin2

( W x)
W

Qumin2 185.974

kPa

Vowsp

Qumax2 Q2p
2

( x L)
1000

WtSOIL WtCONC 1.221 10

kN

Actual shear at the critical section if there is a presence of tension pressure acting on the
footing:

Q2n Qumax2
Vowsn

( 3 a x)
3a

Qumax2 Q2n
2

Vows

( x W)
1000

kPa

164.604

WtSOIL WtCONC 766.027

Vowsp

if Qumin1 0

Vowsn

otherwise

Depth_Adequacy

"Adequate"

kN

1221.239

kN

if v Vc Vows

"Inadequate"

otherwise

Depth_Adequacy "Adequate"
v 0.85

Check Footing for Two-Way Shear


Punching Perimeter, Bo:

Bo 2 CL dave Cw dave 4.988 10

mm

Shear Strength Provided by Concrete,Vc (NSCP 411.13.2.1)


Shear Strength is the smallest of the following:
i.

CL
c
1
Cw

ratio of long side to short side of column

1
2
1
3
Vc1 1
( fc) Bo dave
7.905 10

6
c
1000

ii.

kN

Notes:

s 40

40 for interior columns


30 for edge columns
20 for corner columns

1 s dave
1
3
Vc2

2 ( fc) Bo dave
9.471 10 kN
12
Bo
1000

iii.

1
1
3
Vc3 ( ( fc) ) Bo dave
5.27 10
3
1000

Vc v min Vc1 Vc2 Vc3 4.48 10

L CL dL 2.42 103

mm

kN

( 2Pu) 1000

kN

3 W qAN

5.179 10

mm

A. Longitudinal Direction (Long Side)


Qumax1 225.605

kPa

kPa

Qumin1 146.344

Actual shear at the critical section if the pressure in compression all throughout the footing:
x
Q1p Qumax1 Qumin1 Qumin1 177.782
L

Q2p Qumax1 Qumin1

Lx
L

Qumin1 194.167

kPa

kPa

Actual shear at the critical section if there is a presence of tension pressure acting on the
footing:

Q1n Qumax1

Q2n Qumax1

Q1

3 a dL CL x
3a
3a x
3a

Q1p if Qumin1 0

Vp Pu

kPa

190.471

177.782

Q2

Q2p if Qumin1 0

kPa

Q1n otherwise

"Adequate"
"Inadequate"

1
1000

if Vc Vp
otherwise

Depth_Adequacy "Inadequate"
B. Transverse Direction (Short Side)

4.809 10

194.167
kPa

Q2n otherwise

Q1 Q2 CL dL Cw dL
2

Depth_Adequacy

kPa

172.159

kN

kPa

Qumax2 185.974
x

L Cw dS 2.434 103

mm

kPa

Qumin2 185.974
( 2Pu) 1000

3 L qAN

3.82 10

Actual shear at the critical section if the pressure in compression all throughout the footing:
x
Q1p Qumax2 Qumin2
Qumin2 185.974
W

Q2p Qumax2 Qumin2

W x
W

kPa

Qumin2 185.974

kPa

Actual shear at the critical section if there is a presence of tension pressure acting on the
footing:

Q1n Qumax2

Q2n Qumax2

Q1

3 a dL Cw x
3a
3a x
3a

Q1p if Qumin2 0

kPa

146.487

185.974

Q2

"Adequate"
"Inadequate"

M 0.9

0.85 if fc 30

1 0.85

( fc 30 )
7

1000

otherwise

Solving 1 (NSCP 410.3.7.3)

0.85 0.05

if Vc Vp

Depth_Adequacy "Inadequate"
Design of Reinforment

185.974
kPa

Q2n otherwise

Q1 Q2 CL dave Cw dave
2

Depth_Adequacy

Q2p if Qumin2 0

kPa

Q1n otherwise

Vp Pu

kPa

126.025

otherwise

4.816 10

kN

mm

1 if 1 0.65
0.65 otherwise
1 0.85

Solving for max (NSCP 410.4.3)


bal

0.85 1 fc 600 0.025

Solving for min (NSCP 410.6.1)


fc
3
min1
2.958 10
4 fy
1.4
3
min2
3.382 10
fy

fy ( 600 fy)

max 0.75 bal 0.019

min max min1 min2 3.382 10

Temperature Reinforcements (NSCP 407.13.2.1)


temp 0.002
A. Longitudinal Direction
kPa

Qumax1 225.605
x

L CL 2.75 103

mm

WtSOIL s

x W Df t
197.505
1000

kPa

Qumin1 146.344
( 2Pu) 1000

kN

3 L qAN

WtCONC c

3.82 10
( x W t)
1000

mm

222.75

i. Moment @ Left (Bottom Bars)


Actual shear at the critical section if the pressure in compression all throughout the footing:
x
Q1p Qumax1 Qumin1 Qumin1 182.076
L

kPa

1
x W
x
1
MuLp Q1 Qumin1 W
Qumin1
WtSOIL WtCONC 0.5x 1000
1000
1000
2
6

MuLp 2.137 10

Nmm

Actual shear at the critical section if there is a presence of tension pressure acting on the
footing:

Q1n Qumax1

3a CL x
3a

159.662

kPa

3a x CL

1
MuLn Q1 W
WtSOIL WtCONC 0.5x 1000
1000
6

MuLn 8.598 10
MuL

MuLp if Qumin1 0

Nmm
2.137 10

Nmm

MuL

Ru

MuLn otherwise
( .85 fc)

reqd1

fy

( 2 Ru )

3.009 10 3 reqd1

MP

1.208

M W dL

0.85fc

min if reqd1 min


max if reqd1 max
reqd1 otherwise

reqd1 3.382 10

Areqd1 reqd1 W dL 1.006 10

mm2

Abar 1000

spacing

Areqd1
mm

s1 spacing 61.216
s1

Round ( s1 10 ) if Round ( s1 10 ) s1
Round ( s1 10 ) 10 if Round ( s1 10 ) s1
mm

s1 60

Areqd1

Nobars

Abar

N1

bars

N1 Nobars 16.336

Round ( N1 1) if ( Round ( N1 1) N1 )
Round ( N1 1) 1 otherwise
bars

N1 17

ii. Moment @ Right (Top Bars)


Actual shear at the critical section if the pressure in compression all throughout the footing:

Q2 Qumax1 Qumin1

Lx
L

Qumin1 189.873
1

kPa

MuRp WtSOIL WtCONC 0.5 x 1000 Q2 W


Qumax1 Q2 W
1000
1000
2
3
MuRp 3.058 10

Nmm

Actual shear at the critical section if there is a presence of tension pressure acting on the

footing:

Q2 Qumax1

3a x
3a

171.473

kPa
2

1
x
1
x
MuRn WtSOIL WtCONC 0.5 x 1000 Q2 W
Qumax1 Q2 W
1000
1000
2
3

MuRn 2.954 10
MuR

Nmm

MuRp if Qumin1 0

3.058 10

Nmm

( .85 fc)
fy

MuR

Ru

1.728

M W dL

MuRn otherwise
reqd2

( 2 Ru )

4.368 10 3 reqd2
0.85fc

min if reqd2 min


max if reqd2 max
reqd2 otherwise

reqd2 4.368 10

mm2

Abar 1000

spacing

Areqd2

s2 spacing 47.389
s2

Areqd2 reqd2 W dL 1.299 10

mm

Round ( s2 10 ) if Round ( s2 10 ) 21
Round ( s2 10 ) 10 if Round ( s2 10 ) s2
mm

s2 40
Nobars

Areqd1
Abar

N2

N2 Nobars 16.336

bars

Round ( N2 1) if ( Round ( N2 1) N2 )
Round ( N2 1) 1 otherwise

N2 17

bars

B. Transverse Direction
Qumax2 185.974
x

W Cw 1.95 103
2

kPa

Qumin2 185.974
mm

( 2Pu) 1000
3 W qAN

kPa

5.179 10

mm

x L Df t
189.844

WtSOIL s

1000

WtCONC c

kN

( x L t)
1000

214.11

i. Moment @ Left (Bottom Bars)


Actual shear at the critical section if the pressure in compression all throughout the footing:
x
Q1p Qumax2 Qumin2
Qumin2 185.974
W

kPa

x
1
x L
MuLp Q1 Qumin2 L
Qumin2
WtSOIL WtCONC 0.5x 1000
1000
1000
2
6

MuLp 1.763 10

Nmm

Actual shear at the critical section if there is a presence of tension pressure acting on the
footing:

Q1n Qumax2

3a Cw x
3a

155.45

kPa

3a x Cw

1
MuLn Q1 L
WtSOIL WtCONC 0.5x 1000
1000
6

MuLn 3.149 10
MuL

10

MuLp if Qumin2 0

Nmm
1.763 10

Nmm

Ru

M L dS

MuLn otherwise
reqd3

( .85 fc)
fy

MuL

( 2 Ru )

1.975 10 3 reqd3
0.85fc

0.801

min if reqd3 min


max if reqd3 max
reqd3 otherwise

reqd3 3.382 10

spacing

Areqd3

s3 spacing 61.216
s3

Areqd3 reqd3 W dL 1.006 10

Abar 1000

mm

Round ( s3 10 ) if Round ( s3 10 ) s3
Round ( s3 10 ) 10 if Round ( s3 10 ) s3
s3 60

mm

MP

mm2

Nobars

Areqd1

N3 Nobars 16.336

Abar

N3

bars

Round ( N3 1) if ( Round ( N3 1) N3 )
Round ( N3 1) 1 otherwise

N3 17

bars

ii. Moment @ Right (Top Bars)


Actual shear at the critical section if the pressure in compression all throughout the footing:

Q2 Qumax2 Qumin2

W x
W

Qumin2 185.974
2

kPa

MuRp WtSOIL WtCONC 0.5 x 1000 Q2 L


Qumax2 Q2 L
1000
1000
2
3
MuRp 1.763 10

Nmm

Actual shear at the critical section if there is a presence of tension pressure acting on the
footing:
3a x
Q2 Qumax2
162.632
kPa
3a

1
x
1
x
MuRn WtSOIL WtCONC 0.5 x 1000 Q2 L
Qumax2 Q2 L
1000
1000
2
3

MuRn 1.673 10
MuR

Nmm

MuRp if Qumin2 0

1.763 10

Nmm

Ru

( .85 fc)
fy

MuR
M L dS

MuRn otherwise
reqd4

( 2 Ru )

1.975 10 3 reqd4
0.85fc

0.801

min if reqd4 min


max if reqd4 max
reqd4 otherwise

reqd4 3.382 10

spacing

Areqd4 reqd4 W dL 1.006 10

Abar 1000
Areqd4

s4 spacing 61.216

mm

mm2

s4

Round ( s4 10 ) if Round ( s4 10 ) s4
Round ( s4 10 ) 10 if Round ( s4 10 ) s4
mm

s4 60
Nobars

Areqd4
Abar

N4

N4 Nobars 16.336

Round ( N4 1) if ( Round ( N4 1) N4 )
Round ( N4 1) 1 otherwise

N3 17

bars