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Biology Test

Name: _______________________________

Date: ______________

Answer the following questions.

1. What do we mean by spontaneous generation?


a. That living things come from other living things.
b. That living things come from non-living things.
c. That non-living things come from non-living things.
d. None of the above.
2. New organisms produced by living things are called
a. branches
b. egg
c. offspring
d. calves
3. What is Mitosis?
a. The division of the nucleus.
b. The division of the membrane
c. The division of cells
d. None of the above.
4. What do we call reproduction that only needs one parent?
a. Sexual reproduction.
b. Asexual reproduction.
c. Nonproduction.
d. All of the above.
5. What is sporulation?
a. Cells of reproduction.
b. A kind of asexual reproduction that produces many offspring.
c. A nongreen plant
d. A microscopic one-celled plant.
6. A kind of asexual reproduction in plants is
a. Spontaneous generation
b. Pruning
c. Vegetative propagation
d. Gardening
7. The replacement of lost parts or the formation of a new organism from parts of an animal
is called
a. Regeneration
b. Stitching
c. Evolution
d. Transformation

8. What are the parts of a flower?


a. The parts of a flower are the sepal, petal, pistil, and stamen.
b. The parts of a flower are the petals, leaves, stem, and roots.
c. The parts of a flower are too many to count.
d. None of the above.
9. What is the movement of pollen from a stamen to a pistil?
a. Grafting
b. Regeneration
c. Pollination
d. Planting
10. Which science word is used to describe the joining of the nuclei of the male and female
reproductive cells?
a. Fertilization
b. Binary fission
c. Fusion
d. None of the above
11. What is an embryo?
a. A small tree
b. An undeveloped plant or animal.
c. A male reproductive cell
d. A flower
12. What does an embryo develop into?
a. A fruit
b. A vegetable
c. A pollen tube
d. An adult plant
13. How do most animals reproduce?
a. Asexually
b. Regeneration
c. Sexually
d. Both b and c
14. What do we call the new cell that is produced by fertilization?
a. Yolk
b. Zygote
c. Nucleus
d. Egg
15. What does a zygote develop into?
a. A fertilized egg
b. A seed
c. A chicken
d. A muscle
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16. What are the four stages of insect development?


a. Egg, larva, pupa, and adult.
b. Baby, child, teen, adult
c. Egg, nymph, adult grasshopper.
d. None of the above.
17. Where does the embryo of a mammal get its nutrients from?
a. From their father
b. Food stored in the egg
c. They dont receive nutrients until they are born.
d. From their mother.
18. The way that inherited traits are passed on from parents to offspring is
a. Heredity
b. Inheritance
c. Transplant
d. Fusion
19. Why are chromosomes important?
a. Because Chromosomes contain genes
b. Because Chromosomes contain doughter cells
c. Because Chromosomes contain nuclei
d. Because they exist.
20. What is the process that reduces the number of chomosomes called?
a. Mitosis
b. Meiosis
c. Gametes
d. Genes
21. What do we call an organism that has two unlike genes (Tt)?
a. Recessive
b. Pure
c. Hybrid
d. Mutant
22. How many genes does an organisms have?
a. One
b. Two
c. Three
d. Four
23. Gene combinations in which the traits of both genes show are called
a. Dominance
b. Blending
c. Grouping
d. None of the above

24. Sex of offspring is determined by


a. A chromosome from the male parent
b. A chromosome from the female parent
c. Both a and b
d. None of the above
25. What other thing affects the traits of living things?
a. Sunlight
b. Food, air, and water
c. The environment
d. All of the above
26. How can we improve human beings?
a. By killing animals.
b. By killing plants.
c. By building weapons of self-defense.
d. None of the above.

Fill in the blanks, use the words from the word-bank. Not all word will be used in the
sentences and some will repeat.

Pollen

Chemical

Style

Pure

Meiosis

Gene

Binary
Plant

Pure
recessive

Ovary

Spores

Water
animals

Redi

fission

Testes

Stored food

Stamen

Cell-division

XY

Genes

Ovaries

Cell

Calves

Starch

Genetics

Pupa

Seeds

Usual

Offspring

Regeneration

Grafting

Pistil

Hybrids

Pollination

XX
Egg
Pruning
Branches
Animal
Root

Stigma
Flower
Pure
dominant
Heredity
Selection
27. _____________ did not believe that worms grew from rotten meat. He performed many
experiments to prove his idea.
28. _____________ used in crops have destroyed many animals, causing extinction of
animals.
29. Cells reproduce by _________________. This new cells are called
__________________.
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30. Amebas and many other one-celled organisms reproduce by __________________. This
is the simplest type of asexual reproduction.
31. Each ball of bread mold contains thousands of tiny cells. These cells are called
____________.
32. ______________ is a king of man-made vegetative propagation, where twigs are cut
from one tree and attached to another.
33. In humans the power of _________________ is very small. But the human body cannot
regenerate a large body part.
34. The male reproductive organ in a plant is ___________ and the female reproductive
organ is the _______________.
35. _____________________ are the male reproductive cells produced by the stamen. And
_______________________ is the movement of pollen from a stamen to the pistil.
36. The three parts of a pistil are the ___________, the ___________, and the __________.
37. Fruits are ovaries that have grown larger and contain _____________.
38. The food stored in a seed for the developing embryo is made of _________________.
39. The male reproductive organs in animals are called ___________, and the female
reproductive organs in animals are called _____________.
40. Some eggs contain __________________ for the developing embryo.
41. The fertilized egg _________ again and again. By the time this animals are fully
developed, they are made up of billions of cells.
42. The larva goes into a resting stage where the insect is called a ______________, at times
forming around themselves a cocoon.
43. In most ________________, fertilization and embryo take place outside the body of the
female.
44. The modern science of heredity is called ____________________. ____________
studied how inherited traits are passed on from parent to offspring.
45. Each __________________ affects a certain trait. They control the color of your hair,
eyes, and skin.
46. During ______________ the number of chromosomes is reduced by one-half. During
fertilization, the number of chromosomes become the ___________ number again.
47. A _________________ dominant gene always shows itself. And a recessive gene is
hidden when the dominant gene is present.
48. When one parent is _________________ and the other parent is pure
_________________, the offspring are all hybrid.
49. When ______________ with blending traits are mated, the pure traits show again in some
of the offspring.
50. In males the sex chromosomes are _______ and in females the sex chromosomes are
_____.
51. Even though traits are affected by the environment, __________ are not affected by it.
52. ______________ is used to improve plants and animals because of their traits.

Bonus: Matching circle appropriately fruit (F) or vegetable (V) in column C. point
each.

1. artichoke
2. . potato
3. . avocado
4. . onion
5. asparagus
6. . kiwi
7. . tangerine
8. . cucumber
9. . grapes
10. Tomatoes

F or V
F or V
F or V
F or V
F or V
F or V
F or V
F or V
F or V
F or V