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Update on the comparison of

selected issues of the ASME Code


(Sect. VIII) with EN standards
Druckgertetage, Mnchen, June 2011
Dr. Robert Kauer / Dr. Jrgen Deininger
robert.kauer@tuev-sued.de

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Content

Introduction

Updated considerations regarding


- Material
- Allowable stress values
- Design Basics

Summary

TV SD Industrie Service GmbH

Content

Introduction

Updated considerations regarding


- Material
- Allowable stress values
- Design Basics

Summary

TV SD Industrie Service GmbH

Some existing statements

und es deutet vieles


darauf hin, dass sie mit
steigender Akzeptanz im
EWR auch auf
internationalem Parkett
eine fhrende Rolle
spielen wird.

Die europische Druckbehlternorm EN 13445 was lange whrt


Verffentlichung
Mitteilungen:
TV SD IndustrieDIN
Service
GmbH Normenausschuss Chemischer Apparatebau (FNCA) im DIN, Feb. 2011

EC Comparative Study Results

DBF: Design by Formula


DBA: Design by Analysis
PED: Pressure Equiment
Directive

TV
SD Industrie
GmbHEquipment Standards, Summary, EC DG Enterprise, Contract No. FIF.20030114, July 2004
Comparative
StudyService
on Pressure

Some existing statements pro EN

The fracture
toughness concept
in the ASME is less
conservative

*1) SD
Comparative
onGmbH
Pressure Equipment Standards, Summary, EC DG Enterprise, Contract No. FIF.20030114, July 2004
TV
IndustrieStudy
Service

European Regulation
Requirements for
Construction and Design
- Design

- Construction
- Equipment
- ...

Complete conversion (other national


codes had to be repealed)

Pressure Equipment Directive


(PED)
97/23/EG, 1997 (mand. 2002)
but old national code still in place like
AD-2000, BS 5500, CODAP
with some additional consideration also ASME
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In-Service
Requirements
- Service
- Inspection
- Testing
- ...

National requirements had to be


extended and adapted

e. g. Germany
BetrSichV

ASMEs legal standing

Legislation at the location of the plant


(e.g. Minnesota, New York City, Quebec, Dubai, Sarawak, )

ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code

ASME Piping Code

Construction Codes
Section I
Section III
Section IV Section VIII
Section X
Power boiler Nuclear power Boiler
Pressure vessel Fiber plastics

Reference Codes

Section II
Material

In-service-Codes
Standards, recommendations

Section V
NDT

Section VI
Boiler
ANSI

ASME B31.1
Power piping

ASME B31.3
Process piping

Section IX
Welding/Brazing

Section VII
Steam boiler
ASTM

AWS

Section XI
Nuclear power
ASNT

API

NACE

Authority at the location of the plant with references to


- National Board Inspection Code NBIC
- API In-service Codes e.g. API 510

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Some facts around ASME

1915 First ASME Boiler Code (now Sect. I)


1924 First Unfired Pressure Vessel Code (now Sect. VIII)
1963 First Proposal for Nuclear Code (Sect. III)
1968 Alternative Rules for Unfired Pressure Vessels (Sect. VIII Div. 2)
1997 High Pressure Code (Sect. VIII Div. 1)
2007 Re-written Sect. VIII Div. 2

Today 28 books embedded into the US standardization system


Continuously new editions published
Code Case System

700 technical committees continuously working (consensus process)

Over 3800 Volunteers (~10% International)

Until 1971 certification activities limited to USA and Canada, meanwhile expanded
to 75+ countries, accepted in 100+ countries, and translated into Chinese, French,
Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish

Strong relation to in-service initiatives and user groups like API, NACE, .

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ASME Life Cycle Management

Sect. VIII
API 620

New Construction
Codes and Standards
Decommission
No

Operate

No

Risk Analysis and


Inspection Planning
Codes/Standards

Yes

Sucessful
?

PCC-3
API 580
API 510
NBIC

Results

Repair or Replacement
per In-Service Repair
Codes and Standards

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Yes

Inspect

No

Repair or
Replace?

Inspection
Findings?

API 579

Results

Yes

Fitness for Service


Codes and Standards

PCC-2
NBIC
API 510
PTB-2-2009 Guide to Life Cycle Management of Pressure Vessel Integrity

10

Content

Introduction

Updated considerations regarding


- Material
- Allowable stress values
- Design Basics

Summary

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11

Material: Essential Safety Requirements

Source:
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/pressure-and-gas/documents/ped/materials/index_en.htm

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PED: Particular Material Appraisal

TVSource:
SD Industrie Service GmbH

http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/pressure-and-gas/documents/ped/materials/index_en.htm

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ASME Code: Listed Material, e.g. VIII-1

SA312

UNS (Unified Numbering System)


Sxxxxx: Heat and corrosion resistant (stainless) steels
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Some Supplementary Requirements to SA-516

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Summary Material

Both systems (EN and ASME) generally allow the use of each other material

In case material shall be used in both systems dual certified material

To specify the material in a sufficient and economic way, specific comparison


between the EN and ASME Specifications is required. Do not rely on general
statements.

Material specification shall be mainly driven by the needs for the intended service
(good sources are standards like API, NACE, Dechema, )

Make use of supplementary requirements in the specifications.

Do not over-specify

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Specification example

Service susceptible to Polythonic Acid Stress Corrosion Cracking


Stabilizing Heat Treatment and IGC are recommendations from API and NACE
standards

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Content

Introduction

Updated considerations regarding


- Material
- Allowable stress values
- Design Basics

Summary

TV SD Industrie Service GmbH

18

Allowable Stresses EN 13445


below the creep range

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Allowable Stresses ASME Sect. II Part D


for Sect. VIII, Div. 1

ST
SY
RT
RY
SRave
SRmin
SC
Favg

Tensile strength at room temperature


Yield strength (0.2%) at room temperature
ratio of the average temperature dependent trend curve value of tensile strength to the room
temperature tensile strength
ratio of the average temperature dependent trend curve value of yield strength to the room
temperature yield strength
Ave. rupture stress 100,000 hours
Min. rupture stress 100,000 hours
Ave. stress to cause a creep rate of 0.01%/1,000 hours
Below 815C = 0.67

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Allowable Stresses ASME Sect. II Part D


for Sect. VIII, Div. 2

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Updated allowable stress value comparison


Plate SA/EN 10028 P295GH and
EN 13445 EN 10028 P295GH (1.0481)
180

Allowable Stress [MPa]

160
140
120
100
80
60
40

EN 13445 Allowable (100 - 150 mm)

20

Sect. VIII Div. 1 Allowable (100 -150 mm)

max: 538C
max: 500C

0
0

100

200

300

400

500

600

Temperature C
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Updated allowable stress value comparison


Plate SA-516 Gr. 70 and P295GH (1.0481)
200
180

Allowable Stress [MPa]

160
140
120
100
80
EN 13445 Allowable (< 16 mm)

60

EN 13445 Allowable (60 - 100 mm)

40

Sect. VIII Div. 2 Allowable

20

Sect. VIII Div. 1 Allowable

max: 538C

max: 500C

0
0

100

200

300

400

500

600

Temperature C
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Updated allowable stress value comparison


Plate SA-240 304 and X5CrNi1810 (1.4301)
180
160

Allowable Stress [MPa]

140
120

max: 550C

100
80
EN 13445 Allowable

60

Sect. VIII Div. 2 Allowable

40

Sect. VIII Div. 1 Allowable 0.9 SY

20

max: 816C

Sect. VIII Div. 1 Allowable

0
0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

Temperature C
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Summary Allowable Stresses

Do not rely on general statements. Specifically compare the material at the


intended temperature

When using the ASME code always consider the option for using Sect. VIII, Div. 2

When comparing austenitic steels also consider the 90% yield option provided for
many materials

The ASME system is much less susceptible to user errors by providing simple
tables with the allowable stresses (no need for calculation of the allowable stress)

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Content

Introduction

Updated considerations regarding


- Material
- Allowable stress values
- Design Basics

Summary

TV SD Industrie Service GmbH

26

Design Concepts
EN 13445

ASME VIII-1

ASME
VIII-2

Design by Formula

+ App. + Codes Cases

Design by Analysis

No, but U-1

Design by Fracture Mechanics

No

No

Loads other than Pressure

No, but UG-22

Fatigue Design

No, but UG-22

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Allowable Design Cycles

EN 13445

ASME VIII-2

Example 3

33 576

> 5x106

Example 4 Batch

13 100

200x106

Example 4 Stirrer

212 000

> 1011

EN 13445

ASME VIII-2

Example 3 RT+VT

33 576

N/A

Example 3 no NDT

8 600

6 450

Example 4 Batch

13 100

12 500

Example 4 Stirrer

212 000

1 100 000

TV
SD Industrie
Service GmbH
SNP-PT-007,
Comparison
of Pressure Vessel Codes ASME Section VIII and EN 13445, Technical, Commercial, and Usage Comparison, Design Fatigue Life Comparison

28

Content

Introduction

Updated considerations regarding


- Material
- Allowable stress values
- Design Basics

Summary

TV SD Industrie Service GmbH

29

ASME Cost comparison (excerpt)

Cost

Costs in a Clean
Fuel Project

TV
SD Industrie
Service GmbH
SNP-PT-007,
Comparison
of Pressure Vessel Codes ASME Section VIII and EN 13445, Technical, Commercial, and Usage Comparison, Design Fatigue Life Comparison

30

The ASME answer

ASME VIII-1
ASME VIII-2
Others
EN 13445

Total Number of Boilers and PV registered


with the National Board
1.495.632

TV SD Industrie Service GmbH

1.563.665

1600000
1400000
1200000
1000000
800000
600000
400000
200000
0

1.357.379

2006

Comparison of Pressure Vessel Codes ASME Sect. VIII


and EN 13445, Technical, Commercial, and Usage
Comparision, Design Fatigue Life Comparison
STP-PT-007, Dec. 2006

1.572.626

2007

2008

2009

1.211.711

2010

Overall number of registrations on file at the end


of 2010 was 45.713.776
National Board Bulletin, Fall 2010
31

Downstream new projects (in $ bn)

EIC Database
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ASME Stampholders

[3496]
[3467]

[1023]
[1004]

[14]
[9]

[82]
[77]
[1388]
[1087]

[28]
[116]
[20]
[ ] - 04/2011
[ ] - 07/2010
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