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slump to meet the specified requirement if permitted by the

Engineer, provided all these operation are performed within ____

after the initial mixing operation and the water and cement ratio
Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate withinis not exceeded.
a) 30 minutes
c) 45 minutes
____ % throughout the range of use. Scales shall be inspected and sealed
60 minutes
as often as the Engineer may deem necessary to assure their continued

Materials Engineer Test Reviewer

a) 1.0 %
b) 1.5 %


A sample from a bituminous mix weighs 1000 grams. At

extraction, it was found out that the dry aggregate weighed 950
grams. What is the % of asphalt by weight of mix?
c) 5.4 %
When cement is placed in contact with the aggregate, batches may a) 5.2 %
d) 4.8%
be rejected unless mixed within _____ hours of such contact.
a) 1.5 hours
c) 0.5 hours
The minimum penetration of the preservative with the surface
b) 2.0 hours
d) 2.5 hours
of the timber piles shall be ____
c) 250 mm
When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant, the mixing time a) 150 mm
d) 100 mm
shall not be less than ______ nor more than ____ unless mixer
c) 0.5 %
d) 2.0 %

performance test prove adequate mixing of concrete in a shorter time

The contractor shall submit in writing a job-mix formula for
mixture supported by laboratory test data along with samples
a) 30 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
of components and viscosity temperature
b) 50 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
to the Engineer for testing and approval at least
c) 60 seconds nor more than 120 seconds
d) 90 seconds nor more than 120 seconds
a) two weeks
c) one week
four weeks
The flow of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the
drum by the end of the first ____ seconds of the mixing period.
The concrete samples should be stored in a moist conditioned
a) 45 seconds
c) 15 seconds
within the range of ____ until the time of test.
b) 30 seconds
d) 20 seconds
a) 18* C to 24* C
c) 14* C to 24* C
18* C to 28* C
Concrete not place within ____ minutes from the time the ingredients
were charged into the mixing drum shall be used.
a) 120 minutes
c) 60 minutes
b) 150 minutes
d) 90 minutes


This is used in soil stabilized road surface due to its high ____
property, that is, it absorb and retain water.
a) Potassium Chloride
c) Magnesium Chloride
Sodium Chloride
When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water may be
added to the batch and additional mixing performed to increase the



The mass % wear of soil aggregate used in cement/lime proportions a) 1.151 to 1.174
c) 1.051 to 1.154
should not be more than ____ .
a) 40
b) 1.250 to 1.178
d) 1.058 to 1.184
c) 45 %
b) 50 %
d) 55 %
The specific gravity magnesium sulfate solution used in
soundness test for aggregate should be within the range of ____ .
The uniform rate at which the movable head of the CBR machine
a) 1.280 to 1.408
c) 1.295 to 1.308
travel is _____ .
b) 1.180 to 1.308
d) 1.195 to 1.318
a) 0.05 in / min
c) 0.08 in /min
b) 0.10 in /min
d) 0.09 in /min
Aggregate accounts for 92 95 % of the weight of the
bituminous mixture asphalt accounts for 5 8 % of the weight of
Cast in place concrete shall not be post tensioned until at least ____
the mix. The exact percentage to be used is determined by the
and until the compressive strength has reached the strength specified. _____
a) Trial mix
c) Job
a) 7 days
c) 14 days
b) 10 days
d) 20 days
Design mix
d) Job order

The penetration test is an indication of the ____ of asphalt.

a) Consistency
c) Hardness
b) Softness
d) Flash Point


Specification requires one (1) Quality test for every ____ of

In checking the temperature of the mix, the
a) 20 tons
thermometer should be inserted into the mix at least ____.
c) 50 tons
a) 2 inches
c) 4 inches
b) 200 tons
d) 40 tons
b) 6 inches
d) 6.0 mm


The ____ is the most commonly used method in the design and 24.
_____ is applied on existing bit, or cement concrete surface
evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes.
with bituminous materials.
a) Job mix formula
c) Marshall Stability
a) Bituminous Prime Coat
c) Bituminous Seal Coat
b) Design mix
d) Extraction
b) Bituminous Tack Coat
d) Bituminous Surface Treatment



_____ is an indication that the asphalt mix is overheated.

a) Blue smoke
c) Rising steam
b) Stiff appearance
d) Mix slumps in truck

Vibration shall operate a frequency of 8,300 to 9,600 impulses per

The solution used in the soundness test of aggregate shall be
minute under load at a maximum spacing of ____ cm.
cooled to a temperature of 21 +or 1* C and maintain at that
a) 30 cm
c) 60 cm
temperature for at least
b) 50 cm
d) 40 cm
a) 24 hours
c) 48 hours
b) 36 hours
d) 18 hours
The specific gravity of Sodium Sulfate used in soundness test for
aggregate should be with in the range of ____.
Proper compaction of the fill materials is very important, as it
will ______.
a) Increase the shear strength


b) Decrease permeability
c) Minimize compressibility
d) All of the above

a) one week
b) 14 days

c) two weeks
d) 12 days

Asphalt cement shall not be used while it is foaming nor shall

be heated at ____ at anytime after delivery.
a) 107*
c) 120*
b) 159*


In which DPWH item is emulsified asphalt not suitable?

a) Item 301
c) Item 304
b) Item302
d) Item 308


Unconfined compressive strength test is usually performed

Moisture content of aggregate in bit mix shall not exceed ____
on ______.
a) Sandy soils
of the time it is introduce into the mixing unit.
c) Organic soils
a) 1.5 mass %
c) 1 mass %
b) Silty soils
d) Clayey soils
b) 2.0 mass %


Consolidation test is usually performed on ____ samples

a) Disturbed
c) Consolidated
b) Undisturbed
d) both a & b



Batching tolerance for Sand and Aggregate is ____.

a) 1 %
c) 3 %
b) 2 %

A concrete core sample having a maximum height of less 37.

Between stage of curing, concrete shall not be exposed for
than _____ of its diameter before capping or height less than its more than how many hours?
a) 24 hours
diameter after capping shall not be tested.
c) hour
a) 93 %
c) 95 %
b) 3 hours
d) 72 hours
b) 94 %
d) 96 %
As a Materials Engineer, what will you do with major
The cohesion and internal friction of soil is tested by
honeycombed area that is considered as defective work?
a) Tri axial shear test
c) Bearing test
a) Plaster
b) Direct shear test
d) All of the above
b) Payment of the concrete will be made an adjustment
c) Removed and replaced at the expensed of the
In concrete acceptance, core will be considered adequate if the
average strength of the cores is equal to what?
a) 80% of specified strength & if no single core is less than 75% of 39.
If the strength of control specimen does not meet the
specified strength
b) 90% of specified strength & if no
requirement and not feasible to obtain cores due to structural
single core is less than 80% of specified strength
c) 85% ofconsideration, as a Materials Engineer what will be your decision?
specified strength & if no single core is less than 75% of
a) Removed and replaced
specified strength
b) Area will not be paid
c) Payment will be made at an adjusted price
Before the cement is to be used, sampling must be done at least
_____ before use.



After concrete has been placed, it is advisable to maintain fully

welted and in position for how many hours?
Soundness loss of field gabions is __________________.
a) 14 hours
c) 72 hours
a) 9 % after 5 cycles
c) 11 % after 5 cycles
b) 24 hours
d) 15 18 hours
b) 10 % after 5 cycles
d) 12 % after 5 cycles


Rock shall be excavated to a depth ____ below sub grade within the
The heating temperature of reflector zed thermoplastic
limit of the roadbed
material during application is _____
a) 100 mm
c) 200 mm
a) 130 +/- 7* C
c) 200 +/- 7* C
b) 150 mm
b) 150 +/- 7* C
d) 211 +/- 7* C


Minimum penetration of all piles shall be ____.

a) 3 meter
c) 7 meter
b) 6 meter
d) 4.5 meter



Submission of sample minimum quantity of material for

asphalt cement is -------.
a) 5 kg
c) 20 kg
b) 10 kg
d) 100 kg

Piles shall not be driven within 7 meters of concrete less than _____
a) 7 days
c) 28 days
For how many years does the small Contractor given to
b) 14 day
procure necessary testing equipment?
a) 2 years
c) 5 years
Paint contains _____ of pigment and _____ vehicle.
b) 4 years
d) 6 years
a) 20 % & 80 %
c) 79 % & 21 %
b) 21 % & 79 %
d) 80 % & 20 %
The depth of the weakened joints must not be less than ____
and a width of ___.
Minimum thickness of bedding materials beneath the pipe is _____. a) 40 mm & 6 mm
c) 40 mm & 5 mm
a) 100 mm
c) 200 mm
b) 50 mm & 5 mm
d) 50 mm & 6 mm
b) 150 mm
Used of bituminous cold mix for potholes patching during
Tolerance of gabion dimension is _________________.
rainy/ wet period is acceptable
a) false
a) +/- 1%
c) +/- 3 %
b) +/- 2 %
d) +/- 4 %
In soil, all boring shall be carried to a depth of at least ____
Minimum size of galvanized wire mesh is ____________.
below the proposed grade line.
a) 2.0 mm
c) 2.7 mm
a) 0.50 m
c) 1.5 m
b) 2.2 mm
d) 3.4 mm
b) 1.0 m
d) 1.8 m

Minimum density of gabions is ___________.

a) 1,000 kg/cu. m
c) 1,400 kg/cu. m
b) 1,200 kg/cu. m
d) 1,500 kg/cu. m



The test that determine pile bearing capacity by loading one

or more pile and measuring settlement under load is _____.

a) Vane shear test

b) Plate bearing test

c) Pile load test

Determine soil bearing capacity by loading a steel plate

usually 30 diameter.
The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split spoon shalla) Vane shear test
c) Pile load test
be at least ____.
a) 1 kgb) Plate bearing test
d) None of the above
c) 10 kg
b) 20 kg
d) 100 kg
How many hours do aggregate stockpile or binned for draining
before being batch?
Submission of sample for testing for cement is _____.
a) 1 hour
c) 12 hours
a) 10 kg
c) 15 kg
b) 6 hours
d) 24 hours
b) 20 kg
d) 40 kg
What is the relative strength of mortar at 7 & 28 days of fine
The length of Shelby Tube of an undisturbed sample is _____.
aggregates, when tested for the effect of organic impurities,
a) 10 long
c) 20 long
which is higher than the standard?
b) 18 long
a) not less than 90 %
c) not less than 95 %
b) not less than 80 %
d) not less than 98 %
For small project where quantity of steel bars is 10,000 kg or less,
what is the basis for acceptance of material?
What is the rate of loading for concrete beam tested for
a) No testing
c) Mill certificate
flexural stress?
a) 110 150 psi/sec
b) P.E, certificate
c) 125 175 psi/sec
b) 115 150 psi/sec
d) 130 - 175 psi/sec
______ determine the best combination of the material that will
produce a potentially stable & durable mixture.
In concrete sampling paste shall be of normal consistency of
a) Job mix formula
c) Design of bituminous mix
_____ when the rod settles to a point below the original surface in
b) Marshall formula
30 secs.
a) 10 +/- 1 mm
c) 15 +/- 1mm
_______ is the rate of loading for concrete cylinder sample subject to b) 11 +/- 1 mm
d) 20 +/- 1 mm
compression test
a) 20 - 40 psi/sec
c) 15
40 psi/sec
b) 20 - 69.
What the temperature of a concrete sample?
d) 15 40 psi/sec
a) 10 15 * C
c) 15 18* C
b) 18 24 * C


What is the wash loss of fine aggregates in the no. 200 sieve?
I n a soil exploration, if the characteristic of rock is questionable, thea) 1 %
c) 3 %
minimum depth of boring into the bedrock should be _______.
b) 2 %
d) 4 %
a) 1.5 m
c) 2.5 m
b) 2.0 m
d) 3.0 m



Retarder can delay the setting time of concrete up to how many

a) 200 225* F
c) 160 180* F
a) 1 hour
c) 4
b) 190 199* F
d)150 185* F
b) 2
d) 8 hours
How many gradation ranges for hot plant mix bituminous
pavement are there in the blue book?
Super plasticizer can increase the strength of concrete up to how
a) 5
c) 7
many percent?
b) 6
d) 8
a) 40 60 %
c) 50 70 %
b) 50 60 %
d) 60 70 %
What is the plasticity index of mineral filler?
a) not greater than 4
c) not greater than 8
___________ is the moisture in an air dried soil
b) not greater than 6
d) zero
a) Moisture Content
b) Natural Moisture Content
If no core had been taken at the end of each day of operation
c) Hygroscopic Moisture Content
and the project has already been completed, a core shall be taken
d) Hydrometer Moisture Content
a) for every 75 l.m,/lane c) for every 100 l.m/lane
_________ is the tolerance of mix in bituminous.
b) for every 150 l.m/lane d) for every 1,000 l.m/lane
a) 10* C
c) 15* C
b) 12* C
d) 18* C
________ is the slump of workable concrete if vibrated.
a) 10 20 mm
c) 40 50 mm
_________ Number of measurement taken in a core sample for
b) 10 40 mm
d) 40 75 mm
thickness determination of the finish asphalt pavement
a) 3
c) 5
________ Burnt product which is used by Gypsum and
b) 4
d) 8
pulverized to form Portland Cement.
a) Hydraulic cement
c) Fly Ash
In the absence of beam mold in site, cylinder mold is allowed by
b) Clinker
d) Volcanic Ash
specification. What is the required strength?
a) 2,500 psi
c) b) 3,000 psi
d) 4,000 psi 84.
When group index = 0, what is the grade of soil?
a) weak soil
c) good soil
Prime coat shall be left undisturbed for at least _____.
b) poor soil
a) 6 hours
c) 24 hours
b) 12 hours
______ is a process of breaking down of rocks into small pieces
of various size that can range from large boulders to very small
The first phase of rolling the spread bituminous mix is called
clay particles.
breakdown rolling which is carried out by pneumatic roller, temperaturea) Consolidation
c) Weathering
requirement must be _____.
b) Unconsolidation



________ is the limit were further loss of water due to evaporation94.

It indicates very poor subbase materials when G.I. is equal to
which will not result in reduction of volume.
a) 0
a) Plastic limit
c) Shrinkage limit
c) 10
b) Liquid limit
b) 5
d) 20


________ a classification of soil which 35% or less the particles pass

______ indicates the composition of soil.
through no. 200 sieve.
a) Grain size soil
c) Silty clay
a) Atterberg Limit
b) Plasticity Index
b) Granular
d) Clayey materials
The higher the value of PI of the soil, the weaker will be the
soil performance as a _____.
________ a classification of soil which 35% or more of the particles a) True
c) Depend
pass through no. 200 sieve
a) Course Sand Soil
c) Silty-Clay b) False
d) None of the above
b) Granular
d) Clayey Materials
_______ the Plasticity Index of group of soil
a) 0
c) 10
It evaluate the quality of soil as highway subgrade material.
b) 6
d) 11
a) Atterberg Limit
c) Group Index
b) Plasticity Index
d) Liquid Limit
_______ is the minimum percent of A-6 group classification of
a) 0 %
When soil has plasticity index value of 10, what is the criteria of the 35 %
a) b) 25 %
d) 36 %
Coarse grain
c) Clayey
b) Sandy
d) Silty
_______ is the maximum of G.I. of Silty Clay Materials
a) 0
c) 20
When plasticity index is equal
b) 25
d) 35
a) Coarse grain
c) Clayey
b) Sandy
d) Silty
When the value of G.I. is negative, what will be the soil
a) Poor Subgrade
_______ is an empirical number used in evaluation for G.I.
c) Good subgrade
a) 0 15
c) 0 20
b) Very good subgrade
d) None of the above
b) 5 20
d) 0 25
The weight of Sandy soil for Hydrometer Analysis is ______.
It indicates good subbase materials when G.I. is equal to _____.
a) 10 grams
c) 50 grams
a) 0
c) 10
b) 25 grams
d) 100 grams
b) 5
d) 20
The weight of Clayey or Silty soil for Hydrometer Analysis is
a) 10 grams


50 grams
25 grams

b) 0.25

d) 100 grams


A 25 grams fine grained soil can be dried in about ______.

a) 1 hour
c) 3 hours
b) 2 hours
d) 4 hours


A 25 grams sandy soil can be dried in about ______.

a) 1 hour
c) 3 hours
b) 2 hours
d) 4 hours


c) 0.80
d) 1.0


_________ is a type of cement which shall be transferred to an

elevated, air tight and weather proof bins storage.
a) Portland Cement
c) Bulk Cement
b) Pozzolan Cemenr
d) None of the above


Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate

within _____.
a) 0.1%
c) 0.5%
b) 0.25%
d) 1.9%

________ is a type of soil in which most of the soil grains are of the
same size.
a) Poorly graded
c) Gap graded
The minimum thickness of conventional concrete as the
b) Well graded
d) Non of the above
surface course in monolithic pavement is _____.
a) 50 mm
c) 100 mm
The soil grained are force apart by the water added, thus the grain isb) 75 mm
d) 150 mm
reduced, what is the method used?
a) Lubrication
c) Swelling
_____________ determines the resistance of the emulsion to
b) Welting
d) Saturation
break when mixed with mineral aggregate.
a) Viscosity Test
c) Spot test
Percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when tested for clay b) Distillation Test
d) Cement Mixing
lump is _____.
a) 0.1 mass percent
c) 0.8 mass percent
_____________ is an instrument used for rapid in site
b) 0.25 mass percent
d) 1.0 mass percent
measurement of the structural properties of existing road
The mass percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when tested a) Pundit Ultra Sonic Concrete Tester
in soft fragment is ____.
a) 0.10
c) 3.5
b) Dynamic Core Penetrometer
b) 0.25
d) 1.00
c) Falling Weight Deflectometer
d) Core Test
If slag is used, the density of coarse aggregate is ______.
a) 30 100 kg/cu. m
c) 1,120 kg/cu. m
How many days does the emulsified asphalt must be tested
b) 150 kg /cu. m
d) 1,400 kg/cu. m
after delivery at temperature 40*F(4.5*C).
a) 10 days
c) 14 days
Mass percent loose for fine aggregates when tested in Clay lumps is b) 12 days
d) 16 days



In bituminous mixture asphalt content is 5 8% and 92 - 95%

aggregates, what will be the amount of additives?
When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water
a) not more than 2%
c) more than 2%
may be added to the batch and additional mixing performed to
b) not more than 3%
d) more than 4%
increase the slump to meet the specified requirement if permitted
by the Engineer, provided all these operation are performed
___________ determines the effect of water on the cohesion of the
within _45_ minutes after the initial mixing operation and the
water and cement ratio is not exceeded
a) Stability Test
c) Distillation
b) Solubility
d) Immersion-Comprssion Test
Concrete not placed within _90_ minutes from the time the
ingredients were charge into the mixing drum should not be use.
The distance of the sample by grooving before rotating the brass cup
is _____.
127.a) The completed pavement shall be accepted on a lot basis. A

lot shall be considered as _500_ linear meter double lane
d) 1
Each lot shall be divided into _5_ equal segment and one core
The most common method of assessing strength and stiffness of both
will be obtained from each segment in accordance with AASHTO
subgrade and pavement is _______.
a) FDT
c) SPT
b) CBR
d)Non of the above
Aggregate account for 92 95% of the weight of the
bituminous mix while asphalts for 5 8% of the weight of the mix.
How many days do the specimen for CBR soaked?
The exact percentage to be used is determine by the _Trial Mix_.
a) 1 day
c) 3 days
b) 2 days
d) 4 days
_Blue smoke_ is an indication that the asphalt is over heated

When mixed at the site or a in central mixing plant, the mixing131.

The penetrator test is an indication of the _Consistancy_ of the
shall not be less than _50__ seconds nor more than _90_ seconds unlessasphalt
mixer performance test prove adequate mixing of the concrete in a
shorter time period.
_Marshall Stability Test_is the most common used method in
the design and evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes
The batches shall be so charged into the drum that a portion of the
mixing water shall enter in advance of the cement and aggregate. 133.
_Extraction Test_ determines the asphalt content in the
flow of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the drum by the
bituminous mixes.
end of the _15_ seconds of the mixing period
Cast in place concrete shall not be post-tensioned until at
The time elapsed from the time water is added to the mix until the least _10_ days and until the compressive strength has reached
concrete is deposited at the site shall not exceed _90_ minutes when the strength specified
concrete is hauled in the truck.



This is the characteristic generally used for calculation of the volume

Gabions dimentions are subject to a tolerance limit of _+/occupied by the aggregate in various mixture containing aggregates
including Portland Cement concrete, bituminous concrete, and other
mixtures that are proportioned or analyzed on an absolute volume147.
basis. The pour point of concrete joint sealer shall be at least 11*C
Answere: Bulk Specific Gravity
(20*F) lower than the safe heating temperature, which is the
maximum temperature to which the material may be heated
_Apparent Specific Gravity_ pertains to the relative density of the soil
without exceeding the permitted flow.
material making up the constituents particle not including the pore
space within the particles that is accessible to water.
The penetration of concrete joint sealer, Hot Poured Elastic
Type shall not exceed_90_
Weight of sandy soil needed for Hydrometer test is _100 grams_
The CBR is generally selected at _2.54 mm (0.10 in)_
Weight of silty or clayey soil needed for Hydrometer test is _50
If the ratio at 5.08 mm (0.21 in ) penetration is greater, the
These are widely used to control the characteristics of soil which areshould be _Rerun_
to be incorporated in roadway. Ans. Liquid and Plastic Limits
If the check test gives a similar result, the ratio at 5.08 mm
This is defined as the highest moisture content of which the mass penetration shall be__adopted or used__
attains its minimum volume but continues to lose weight /mass. Ans.
Shrinkage Limit
The penetration piston of CBR machine should have a uniform
penetration at a rate of __1.30 mm/min__
_Le Chattelier Flask___ is an apparatus used in determination of
specific gravity of Hydraulic Cement.
During soaking maintain the water level in the mold and the
soaking tank is approximately __25.40 mm ( 1.0 in )__ above the
_Autoclave Machine_ is an equipment used in determination of
top of the specimen
soundness of Portland Cement
Soak the specimen for _96 hours ( 4days )__
Asphalt shall be homogeneous, free from water, and shall not foam
when heated to _175* C(347* F)_
The diameter of penetration piston is ____ . Ans. 49.63 +/0.23 mm ( 1935 cu m )
_Cement Mixing Test of Asphalt_ indicate the rate at which the
asphalt emulsion will break when mix with aggregate .
The temperature of the asphalt cement delivered to the mixer
shall be as required to achieve a kinetic viscosity in the range of
The lost in weight of rock used in gabions when tested to sodium ______.
Ans. 150 to 300 cu m/s or 150 to 300
sulfate, soundness loss shall not exceeds__9%__

10 -


______ is the viscosity used to grade asphalt cement .

Ans. 149 F ( 60*C )


Standard technical procedure to determine one or more

specified characteristic of material product is called___. Ans.
Test Method
The coarse aggregate used in asphalt mix is ____ . Ans. Retained by
2.36mm (no 8 sieve)
A document which prevents the test results and other
information relevant to test is called _____ Ans.. Test Report
The application temperature of emulsified asphalt range from ____.
Ans. 10-71*C
__________ is a document signed by the Director of BRS issued
to Testing laboratory authorizing them to perform the required
When the tar is used for seal coats, it shall be heated to free flowingtest in behalf of DPWH. Ans. Certificate of Accreditation
but not to exceed ___________. Ans. 149*C
This test have been developed to measure the loss of
_______ is used to determine the soil strength parameter. Ans.
cohesion as a result of water action on the compacted bituminous
Unconfined and Tri-Axial Compression Test
Ans. Film Stripping & Immersion Compression Test
________ is used to determine the settlement characteristic of soil.
Ans. Consolidation
This mean porosity or perviousness of the mixture, a dense
grade mix prevent water from entering the base through the
The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split spoon shallsurface.
be at least__________
Ans. 1.0 kg
Ans.. Permeability

The undisturbed samples from Shellby Tube shall be at 174.

This is used in classifying liquid asphalt into grades. It is useful
least______. Ans.. 18 long
as a measure to control of consistency, particularly when run at
the temperature of intended application
_______ determines the pile bearing capacity by loading one or moreAns Viscosity Test
piles and measuring settlement under load. Ans. Pile Load Test
This test determines the total bitumen content of a asphaltic
________ determines the in-site shear strength of soft to medium clay.materials, which is the actual cementing constituent of the
Ans. Vane Shear Test
Ans.. Solubility Test
_______ determine the soil bearing capacity by loading a steel plate
usually 30 inches in diameter. Ans. Plate Bearing Test
This is an accelerated test to show the loss of volatiles when
the sample is heated at 163*C for five hours and the loss due to
Laboratory which measures, examines, calibrate or otherwise
volatilization is determined.
determine the characteristic or performance materials or products.
Ans Loss on Heating
Ans.. Testing Laboratory

11 -


This test classifies the different asphalt into types and the different
The bottom bearing block shall be at least _______ thick after
types into grade.
Ans.. Consistency Test
any resurfacing operations..
Ans. 0.9 ( 22.50 mm )


For liquid asphaltic materials, this test is run on the residue after
The curing temperature of a specimen before testing is
Ans.. Quality Test
Ans. 18*C to 24*C


This is one of the most important engineering properties

The apparatus used to determine the flash point of asphaltic
soil. It is defined as its ability to resist sliding along internal
material is called ____
Ans. Cleveland Open Cup
surface within the mass..
Ans.. Shearing Strength of Soil
The asphalt samples for ductility and penetration test should
be subjected to water bath at a temperature of 25*C for ____.
This is an arbitrary measurement of consistency and is the basis of Ans.. 11/2 hours
classification of all solid and semi-solid asphalt.
Ans.. Penetration Test of Asphalt
The concrete shall not be left exposed for more than ____
hour between stages of curing or during the curing period.
This is a process tomeasure the consistency of liquid asphaltic
Ans.. hour
materials to determine their fluidity or resistance to flow.
Ans.. Viscosity Test
The rate of application of bituminous prime coat is ____.
a) 1-2L/sq. m.
c) 0.2-1.5L/sq. m.
_________ was developed in order to differentiate bituminous
b) 0.2-0.7L/sq. m.
d) 0.5-2L/sq. m.
materials with respect to hardening characteristic.
Ans.. Thin Film Oven Test
Another name for asphalt joint filler is_______.
a) asphalt cement
c) blown asphalt
Plant-mixed bituminous mixtures should be sampled in accordance b) rock asphalt
d) cutback asphalt
with the Standard Method of Sampling Bituminous Mixture. A sample not
less than ______ kg is taken and place in sample bag that would insure
In asphalting work, there are _______ phase of rolling
against contamination. This is taken every 75 cu m or 130 tons of mix. a) 2
Ans.. 10 kgs
b) 3
d) 4

The bearing blocks of the compression machine should be

The _____ test determines the asphalt content in the
least _____ greater than the diameter of the specimen.
bituminous mix.
a) Grading
Ans.. 3.0 %
b)Bulk Specific Gravity
d) Absorption
The bottom bearing block shall be at least _____ thick when new
Ans. 1.0 ( 22.50 mm )
In a bituminous mix, there are 3 kinds of aggregate. What
kind of passes the no. 200 sieve?

12 -

a) Coarse
b) Fine

c) Mineral Filler
d) Admixture


Liquid asphalt is also called ___________.

a) Cutback asphalt
c) Blown asphalt
b) Emulsion
d) Asphalt cement


The different test for soil classification are:

a) compaction and FDT
b) Hydrometer test and moisture content
c) Grading, LL and PL test


Is it really necessary to cure concrete specimen?

a) Yes
c) No
b) None of the two


The kind of test that determines the consistency of concrete is

a) Slump test
c) Abrasion test
b) Specific Gravity


What is the dimension of concrete cylindrical sample?

a) 6 dia. And 12 high
c) 8 dia. And 14 high
b) 4 dia and 8 high
The apparatus/equipment used in the liquid limit and plastic limit test
is called___ .
a) sieves and chisel
c) mortar
In the absence of concrete beam mold at the project site, are
and pestle
b) Atterberg concrete cylindrical molds allowed by the specification to be used
Device and glass plate
in sampler for item 311 PCCP?
a) Yes
b) may be
_________ is a method of laboratory sampling.
c) No
a) Mixing
c) Proportioning
b) Using mechanical splitter/quartering
The minimum percent compaction for embankment is _______.
a) 92%
c) 95%
In laboratory compaction test/moisture density relation test, what is c) 97%
the specification of rammer?
a) 5.5 lb. (2.5 kg) with 12 in drop c) 10 lb. (4.5 kg) in weight with208.
18 in
The minimum percent compaction for base of the road is
b) 8 lb. (3.6 kg) in weight with 16 in drop
a) 100%
What is the specification of mass present passing in sieve 0.075 mmc) 105%
(No. 200 ) grading A for aggregate base course.
a) 20-14
c) 0 6
The CBR value of aggregate base course is not less than ____.
b) 0 12
a) 80%
b) 90%
c) 85%
The number of specimen samples in testing concrete hollow block is
The CBR value of aggregate subbase course is not less than
pcs./20,000 units (3 for absorption test and 3 for strength test )
a) 25%
b) 4 pcs./20,000 units
c) 8 pcs./20,000 units
c) 30%

13 -


The minimum compressive strength for class A concrete is ________. acceptance, service evaluation, control and research.
a) 3,000 psi. ( 20.7 MN/sq. m )
b) Spot Test
Flash Point
b) 2,400 psi. ( 16.7 MN/sq. m. )
c) 5,000 psi. ( 37.7 MN/sq. m. )
The solvent used in extraction of bitumen is _____.
a) Diesel oil
b) Gasoline
c) Water
What is the significance of determination of the tensile properties of
reinforcing steel bars?
a) This method is intended to determine
The percent of bitumen content is computed based on ______.
the yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as its elongation, and is a) mass of raw sample
b) mass of dry aggregate
used to classify the bars into grade
c)mass of asphalt
b) This method is intended to evaluate the ductile properties of the
reinforcing bars
c) None of the above
The method used to determine the grading of aggregate
extracted from bituminous mixture is ____.
A tie bar should be ______
a) Mechanical analysis of extracted aggregate
a) deformed bar
b) round bar
c) flat bar
b) Stability Test
c) Viscosity
A dowel bar should be ____________.
a) deformed bar
b) round bar
c) flat bar 222.
The drying temperature of sample is ________
a) 110 +/- 5*C
b) 100 +/- 5*C
The mortar for masonry shall consist of ________.
a) one part Portland Cement and 2 parts of sand
b) one part Portland Cement and 3 parts of sand
_______ is a solid asphalt which is a basic constituent of all
c) one part Portland Cement and 4 parts of sand
other asphalt called as hot asphalt or penetration grade asphalt.
a) Asphalt Cement
b) Emulsified Asphalt
The apparatus used to measure the thickness or height of compacted
c) Cutback Asphalt
bituminous paving mixture.
a) Ruler
b) Vernier Califer
c) Steel Tape
________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of
asphalt cement and kerosene.
It is used in calculating the unit weight of the mixture and the degree
a) Medium Curing Cutback
of compaction of the asphalt pavement.
b) Asphalt Cement
a) Bulk Specific Gravity of compacted bituminous mixtures using
c) Rapid Curing Cutback
saturated surface dry specimen.
b) Dry unit weight of compacted bituminous mixtures
________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of
c) Mass of specimen in water
asphalt cement and oil.
a) Slow Curing Cutback
b) Emulsified Asphalt
The test which covers the quantitative determination of bitumen in c) Blown Asphalt
hot- mixed paving mixtures and pavement samples for specification

14 -


________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt

cement and gasoline
a) rapid Curing Cutback
An apparatus used to determine the specific gravity of asphalt
b) Blown Asphalt
is called ______.
a) Metal Pycnometer
c) Joint Filler
b) Glass Pycnometer
c) any bottle


Asphalt is defined as _________.

Consistency test for asphalt is called___________.
a) A petroleum product
a) Viscosity
b) Slump test
b) A dark brown to black cementitious materials whose consistency
c) Loss in ting
range s from solid to semi-solid and whose main constituent is called
bitumen which is either found in nature or as a residue in petroleum
A process of volatilization test which measures the relative
proportion of asphalt to oil.
a) Distillation
c) None of the above
b) Extraction
c)Float Test


It is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt cement

and It is a period wherein the asphalt begins to melt.
water with emulsified with pungent odor.
a) Softening Point
b)Boiling Point
a) Emulsified Asphalt
b) Asphalt Cement
c) Rapid
c)Fire Point
Curing Asphalt
The sampling requirement of asphalt is _____ .
Joint filler in concrete pavement is a __________.
a) 1 sample for every 200 drums or 40 metric tons
a) Blown Asphalt
b) Hot asphalt
c) Liquid b) 1 sample for every 100 drums
c) 1 sample for every shipment

A device used to measure the relative hardness of asphalt is

a) Penetrometer
c) Vicat Apparatus

The component of bituminous mixes which range from 92 to
b) 96% is called __________.
a) Bituminous Blended
b) Concrete Aggregate
A property of asphalt cement to stretch without breaking is
c) Sand
a) Ductility
____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement to
resist deformation or displacement due to impose load or
It is a point where the volatile components of asphalt will evaporate.repeated loading.
a) Fire Point
b) Flash Point
c) Center
a) Stability

It determines whether asphalt is over heated or not during the 241.

____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement to
process of manufacture.
a) Spot Test
resist disintegration or deterioration due to the action of water,
b) Boil Test
c) Extraction Test
traffic and changing climate

15 -

a) Durability

b) Flexibility



The application of asphaltic material and aggregate to an

existing surface for the purpose of sealing it against the
infiltration of water or surface moisture is called ____
a) Seal Coating
b) Tack Coating
Prime Coating

____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement adjust

itself to settlement
a) Flexibility
b) Rigidity
The rate of application of prime coating using cutback asphalt
These are the factor affecting the workability of bituminous mixes is ______.
a) 1-2 liters/sq. m
a) Gradation of aggregate, quality of asphalt, and temperature of mix b) 0.5-1 liter/ sq. m
c) 2-3 liters/sq. m
b) Surface texture and temperature mix
c) Quantity of aggregates and asphalt content
The rate of application of tack coating using liquid or
emulsified asphalt is __________.
The dry molded asphalt sample in the immersion compression test isa) 0.2-0.7 li/sq.m
b) 0.1-0.5 li/sq. m
c) 2
submerged in water for ____.
li/sq. m.
a) 4 days
b) 4 hours
c) 2 days
The rate of application of seal coat using asphalt cement is
The percent index retention is computed in the formula ___________. ________.
a) 0.9-1.8 li/sq. m
a) Wet Stability/Dry Stability x 100
b) 10-11 li/sq. m
c) 8-9 li/sq. m
b) Dry Stability/Wet Stability x 100
c) Wet Stability Dry Stability/Dry Stability x 100
The rate of application of seal coat using cutback asphalt is
a) 1.5-3.0li/sq. m
The sampling requirement of bituminous mixes is _____.
b) 2.0-3.0 li/sq. m
c) 1-2 li/sq .m
a) 1 sample for every 75 cu. m.
b) 1 sample for every 150 cu. m.
The primary quality control mechanism for the production of
c) 1 sample per delivery per day
asphalt mies with high degree of uniformity that will satisfy job
requirement is ________________.
The application of liquid asphaltic material on a prepared untreated a) Job mix formula
b) Quality control formula
c) Assurance
base is _____.
a) Prime Coating
The objective of designing the asphalt mixture is
b) Seal Coating
determination of ______.
a) Type and
c) Tack Coating
grade of asphalt, proportion of coarse, fine and mineral filler, if
used and asphalt content.
The application of liquid asphaltic material to an existing surface is b) To produce a desirable characteristic of pavement which are
____ .
a) Tack Coating
c) Prime stable, durable, flexible and skid resistance.
b) Seal C) All of the above

16 -


The percent asphalt content in hot laid bituminous mixture range

_____________ determines the thickness and density of
from ______
a) 5-8%
b) 4-6% compacted asphalt pavement.
c) 5-10%
a) Core test
b) FDT
c) X-ray


The placing temperature for bituminous mixture measured in the

The cored sample of asphalt pavement is measured at
truck prior to dumping is ______.
a) approximately
a) at least 107*C
b) at least 120*C
c) at least 150*C quarter points
b) three points
The second phase of rolling the spread bituminous mixture is called c) two points
breakdown rolling which is the one responsible to attain the maximum
density. This rolling is carried out by the use of ______.
Too much asphalt content in the bituminous mixes causes
a) pneumatic roller
b) steel roller
c) sheepfoot roller
____________ .
a) bleeding
c) cracks
The significance of final rolling is to remove the roller marks to
previous rolling in order to have a good finish pavement with a
The wearing away of the pavement surface caused by the
temperature of 160*F.
dislodging of aggregate particle is called ______________.
a) True
b) False
c) Maybe
a) raveling
b) alligator crack
c) rutting

The proper way of rolling should begin at _____________________.267.

Interconnected cracks forming a series of small blocks
a) the sides and proceeds longitudinally towards the roads center, each resembling an alligators skin or chicken wire is called
strip overlapping on half the roller width, gradually progressing the
crown of the road
a) alligator cracking
b) reflection cracking
c) bleeding
b) the center and proceeding longitudinally toward the side of the road
c) any part of the road provided each strip overlapping on half the 268.
__________ is the type of cement to be used in the DPWH
infrastructure project as indicated in the Blue Book.
a) Portland Cement Type I b) Pozzolan Cement
What is the minimum degree of compaction of asphalt pavement? Cement Type II
a) not lee than 97% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
b) not less than 100% of the density of the laboratory compacted 269.
If the fine aggregates are subjected to five cycles of sodium
c) not
sulfate soundness test, the weighted loss shall not exceed
less than 85% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
a) 10 mass percent
b) 5 mass percent
c) 3
What is the color of asphalt when it is overcook?
mass percent
a) yellowish brown
b) black
If the coarse aggregate are subjected to five cycles of sodium
sulfate soundness test, the weighted loss shall not

17 -

a) 12 mass percent

b) 15 mass percent

10 mass

The final setting time of Portland cement Type I is

a) 10 hrs.
The mass percent of wear of coarse aggregates for item 311 when b) 24 hrs.
c) 36 hrs.
tested by AASHTO 96 is not greater than ____________.
a) 40%
b) 45%
c) 50% 281.
The standard sand used in testing the mortar strength of
Portland cement is called __________.
a) Ottawa Sand
The design of concrete mix specified by the blue book is based on b) Beach Sand
c) River Sand
Absolute Volume Method
b) Area Method c) American Method 282.
The apparatus used in determining the fineness of Portland
cement by air permeability is __________ .
The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when a) Blaine Air Permeability Apparatus
tested by third point loading method is ____________.
b) Sieve No. 200
a) 3.5 Mpa
b) 3.8 Mpa
c) 4.0 Mpa c) Gillmore

The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when

A mixture of cement and water is called ____________.
tested by midpoint method is ____________.
a) cement paste
b) mortar paste
a) 4.5 Mpa
b) 3.5 Mpa
c) 5.0 Mpa
concrete paste


____________ are additives used in mixing concrete.

a) sodium chloride
b) admixtures


____________ determines the consistency of concrete.

a) Slump Test
b) consolidation test


The apparatus used to determine the initial and final setting
c) curing of cement in the laboratory is _________.
a) Gillmore needles
b) Bailey needle
Vicat apparatus

c) viscosity
The compressive strength of cement mortar sample in seven
days is not less than _________.
a) 19.3 MN/sq. m
Equipment used in the consolidation of fresh concrete.
b) 20 MN/sq. m
c) 24 MN/sq. m
a) jack hammer
b) vibrator
c) drilling
What is the appearance of the molded cement paste which
fails to meet the autoclave expansion.______________.
The prescribed forms to be used in concrete paving is called
a) crumble
b) shiny
c) changes color
a) steel forms
c) combination of steel and wood
The dimension of beam sample for paving concrete is
a) 6 x 6 x 21
The initial setting time of Portland cement is not less than
b) 6 x 6 x 24
c) 4 x 4 x218
30 min.
b) 60 min.
c) 90 min.

18 -


The critical number of days of curing concrete is ____________. 296.

of There is 1 Q cement required for every _________________.
a) first seven days
b) first 10 days
c) 28 days a) 4,000 bags or fraction thereof
b) 2,000 bags or fraction thereof
The standard dimension of concrete cylindrical sample is ___________.c) 10,000 bags
a) 6 dia. and 12 tall
b) 6 dia. and 6 tall
c) 6 dia. and
8 tall
There is Q of cement required for every ____________________.
a) 20,000 kg or fraction thereof
There are two layers in performing sampling of beam samples. How b) 10,000 kg or fraction thereof
many number of blows are required per layer?
c)115,000 kg or fraction thereof
a) 63 blows
b) 75 blows
c) 50 blows
How many set of beam samples taken for every 75 cu. m. of
There are three layers in performing sampling of concrete cylinder. concrete poured per day?
How many blows are required per layer?
a) one ( 1 ) set
b) two ( 2 ) sets
a) 25 blows
b) 30 blows
c ) 35 blows c) three ( 3 ) sets

The formula which determines the proportion of the mix which 299.
In a completed pavement, what is the minimum core samples
meet the desired strength requirement of concrete is called____________.required before payment is effected? (Assuming that the
a) design of concrete mix
b) Boyles Formula
c) Bernoulis thickness is 23 cm. )
a) Five holes per km per lane
b) One hole per 500m
c) P.E. Certificate
The minimum testing requirement for every project is indicated in a
duly approved________.
a) Quality Control Program
In a Barangay road, what is the minimum requirement for
b) Program of Work
thickness determination of its completed pavement?
c) Work Schedule
a) Five holes per km per lane
b) P.E. Certificate
c) One hole
It is prescribed in each project based on estimated quantities and
specifies the kind and number of test for each item of work.
A qulity test is one of the minimum requirement for item 200
a) Minimum number of work
aggregate subbase course.
a) True
b) Minimum Testing Requirement
c) Work Schedule
There is no CBR test for item 300 aggregate surface course.
Embankment materials delivered at the job site was about 12,000 cu.
a) True
b) False
c) optional
m. The minimum test requirement calls for 1 G, P, C for every 1,500 cu.
a) 10 G, P, C
In item 311 and 405, grading is perform _______________.
8 G, P, C
c) 6 G, P, C
a) for every 75 cu. m.
b) for every 300 cu. m.
c) none

19 -

For efficient compaction, the embankment materials should at
For pipe culverts and storm drains, the minimum test is 1 Pipe for the time of rolling be ______.
every 50 pipes. What is the alternative requirement?
a) dry
c) at optimum moisture content
a) 1 set consisting of 3 concrete cylinder samples for not more than 25b) wet
d) at maximum moisture content
pipes cast in the field and 1 inspection report for each size for not more
than 25 pipes cast in the field.
For a road base course the most preferable material is one
b) inspection report is enough
with CBR of ____________.
c) Mill Certificate
a) 60
c) 50
b) 30
d) 80
The minimum test requirement for paint is ______________.
a) 1 sample for every 100 cans or fraction thereof
Peat and muck are ______________.
b) 1 sample for every 50 cans or fraction thereof
a) fair subgrade spoil
c) unstable soil
c) Mill Certificate
b) stable soil
d) good subgrade soil


The minimum test requirement for water used in concrete for a313.
The slump test on concrete is a measure ______________
questionable source is ______.
a) strength
c) consistency
a) P.E. Certificate
b) 1 Quality Test
b) unit weight
d) durability
c) Inspection Report
The fineness modulus is highest of _________________.
Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory test, the a) fine sand
c) very coarse sand
degree of compaction required for aggregate subbase should be at leastb) very fine sand
d) coarse sand
c) 100%
If concrete is continuously moist cured, it will gain strength
b) 98%
d) none of the above
beyond 180 days.
a) True
c) it depends on curing temperature
Per our present Specification for Highways and Bridges including
b) False
amendments, it is mandatory to open PCCP to traffic not later than
The quality of paying concrete is usually measured by its
7 days after pouring
b) 21 days after pouring
a) compressive
c) 14 days after pouring
d) 28 days after pouring
c) flexural
b) tensile
d) bond strength
In casting reinforced concrete railings, the concrete used is
Generally speaking, batching of concrete aggregates by
Class A1
c) Class C1
volume is preferable than weight.
b) Class A2
d) any of the preceding classes
a) True
c) False
b) they are the same

20 -


If angular coarse aggregate is used in a concrete mix, it will require

more ________________
326.a) Which of the following dead load is equivalent for loose sand,
c) water and fine aggregates
earth and gravel fill?
b) fine aggregates
d) neither a and b
a) 2,403 tons/cu. m.
c) 1,603 tons/cu. m.
b) 1,922 tons/cu. m.
d) 2,150 tons/cu. m.
The most favorable period for curing concrete is ______________.
a) during the first few days or week
Rate of application for curing compound is _______________.
b) after 3 days
a) 0.30 li/sq. m.
c) 0.15 li/sq. m.
c) after one week
b) 0.20 li/sq. m.
d) 0.10 li/sq. m.
d) before 28 days
During coring of completed pavement, how many cores
Lower water content ratio in concrete mixes improves
/km/lane is required as per specification?
a) strength
a) 4
c) 6
c) water tightness
b) b) 5
d) 7
d) all of the preceding
What is the correct proportion for concrete masonry work?
When concrete must be placed in a sloping surface, placing should a) 1: 2
c) 1: 4
start at the __________.
a) bottom
c) can b) 1: 3
d) 1 : 5
be top or bottom
b) top
The opening of No. 4 sieve is bigger than the opening of a
The maximum percent abrasion loss allowed for concrete coarse
a) true
aggregate is __________.
a) 30%
c) b) false
c) they are the same
b) 40%
d) 50%
The standard compaction test on predominantly fine grained
soils is performed on soil fraction passing sieve no. ___________.
The plasticity index of aggregate base course should be not greater a) 200
c) 16
than ___________.
a) 6
c)10 b) 40
d) 4
b) 8
d) 12
Which plasticity index would you prefer for the base course
In casting of reinforced concrete pile, the concrete used is
of PCCP?
a) less than 6
a) A1
c) 10 to 12
c) C1
b) D
b) 6 to 9
d) more than 12
d) C2
A soil which is classified A-7 by the highway research board
The natural water content of highly organic soil is __________.
method will have a subgrade rating of __________.
a) less than 20
c) between 50 and 100
a) excellent
c) fair
b) between 20 and 50
d) more than 100%
b) good
d) poor

21 -


The empirical number used in design is ____________.

a) plasticity index
b) group index
c) both of the preceding

The highest moisture content in the plastic state of fine

grained soil is the ___________.
a) liquid limit
b) plastic limit

Which of the following is characterizes unsuitable materials?
Soil is fully saturated at optimum moisture content.
a) soil with liquid limit exceeding 80
a) true
b) false
c) it depends on b) plasticity index exceeding 55
void ratio
c) soil with natural water content exceeding 100%
d) all of the above
Water content of soil is generally base on ____________.
a) total weight of soil
c) weight of solids
Shringkage factor test is _______________.
b) total volume of soil
d) unit weight test
a) test to determine pay volume
b) test to determine strength characteristic
Optimum water content of soil is determined by ______________.
c) test to determine volume change
a) field density test
c) compaction test
d) test to determine maximum density
b) liquid limit test
d) unit weight test
Soil is fully saturated if the water content is ______________.
The particle size distribution of soil is determined by
a) at optimum amount
c) more than 100&%
a) liquidb) 100%
d) none of the peceeding
limit granular
c) sieve analysis test
b) plastic limit test
d) any of the preceding test
The density to which a soil can be compacted is related to
a) compactive effort
Which of the following are most suitable for construction of highway c) both a and b
a) water content
d) neither a or b
c) plastic
b) fine- grained
d) clayey
Specification require 1 quality test every ___________ of asphalt
a) 40 ton
The particle size distribution of sandy gravel is determined by
c) 50 tons
a) hydrometer test
c)b) 130 tons
d) 150 tons
dilantacy test
b) sieve
d) any of the preceding test
All asphalt are _______, they became harder as temperature
decreases and softer as their temperature increases.
The best soil for a road subgrade would behave a group index of
a) thermoplastic
c) brittle
a) lessb) hyrophobic
d) none of the above
than 3
c) 11 to 15
b) 5 to 10
d) 16 to 20
The viscosity of the asphalt during mixing and lay down is
a) viscosity at 135*C

22 -

c) viscosity at 60*C
viscosity at 125*C


As Materials Engineer, what would you recommend in order to

check the suitability and efficiency of the equipment to used prior
to subbase construction for item 310, Bituminous Concrete
The trial section for compaction for each type of fill materials and Surface Course?
type of equipment to be used in the work should have an area
a) make a trial section
c) make trial mix
a) 500 b) establish control strips
d) none of the above
sq. m.
c) 600 sq. m.
b) 335 sq. m.
d) 400 sq. m.
Quality of factor produced reinforced concrete pipes may be
best established through what?
Control slip shall have an area of approximately ____________.
a) compressive strength test
a) 500 sq. m.
c) 600 sq. m.
b) flexural strength test
b) 335 sq. m.
d) 400 sq. m.
c) core test
d) crushing strength test
Fine aggregate used in asphalt mix is the one ________________.
a) passing the no. 8 sieve
Result of Immersion Compression test conducted on a
b) passing the no. 30 sieve
bituminous mix sample are as follow: Dry stability + 2,000 Kpa,
c) passing the no. 200 sieve
Wet stability = 1,000 Kpa, What is the resulting Index of Retained
d) returned the no. 8 sieve
a) 60%
c) 50%
The corrugation produce by brooming is _____________.
b) 55%
d) 70%
a) 1.5 mm.
c) 2.5 mm.
b) 2.0 mm.
d) 1.0 mm.
In DPWH Contract Projects, Quality Control is the sole
responsibility of ___________.
The higher the ________, the lower the penetration.
a) the DPWH project personnel
a) specific gravity
c) durability
b) the governments Materials Engineer
b) viscosity
d) solubility
c) the Contractor
d) viscosity at 163*C


The required thickness of the thermoplastic paint in PCCP is

As Materials Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling
a) 3.2 to 4.8 mm.
c) 3.3
and testing of materials to be incorporated into the work?
to 3.8 mm.
b) 3.0 a) before final payment
b) before start of work items
to 4.5 mm.
d) 3.2 to 4.0 mm
c) before first partial payment


What percent of hydrated lime shall be added to the mixture during

The Spot Test on asphalt is used to determine what?
mixing operation of asphalt mix?
a) cleanliness
c) safe working
a) 0.5 to 1.0 mass %
c) 0.75 to 1.2 mass %
b)overheating during
b) 1.0 to 1.5 mass %
d) 0.2 to 0.7 mass %
d) viscosity of the mix

23 -


Under what climate conditions do we use higher penetration grade 3

b) 140
asphalt cement?
a) hot climate
c) sets of 3
d) none of the above
cold climate
b) rainy
d) none of the above
What is the bitumen obtained from the distillation coal or
a) rock asphalt
What is the basis for rejection or acceptance of any construction
c) emulsion
a) Certificate of Billing
c)b) tar
d) none of the above
Statement of work accomplished
Materials Test Report
d) none of the abcve
How do you reduce the viscosity of Medium Curing Cutback
Asphalt? By mixing it with _______.
Initial rolling of bituminous mixes shall be performed with a ______ a) gasoline
c) kerosene
a) vibrator
c) sheepfoot b) diesel
d) emulsion
b) pneumatic
d) none of the above
What establish the exact percent of aggregates and asphalt
In abituminous mix sample, what is the % of asphalt by a) weight of content in a bituminous mix _______.
aggregate and by b) weight of mix? Given the following data: Weight of a) design mix
c) job mix formula
dry aggregates (after extraction) = 950 grams: Weight of Mix = 1010. b) job order
d) extraction formula
A. a) 6.32%
c) 6.0%
d) none of the above
B. a) 5.50%
b) 6.32%
c) 6.0%
d) 5.94%
What greatly influence the serviceability of an asphalt
a) quality of
What grade of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 30?
aggregates and climate
a) emulsified asphalt
c) blown asphalt
b) penetration grade and quantity of asphalt
b) asphalt cement
d) none of the above
c) density and compaction of completed pavement

Problems regarding quality of construction materials shall be 375.

In asphalt pavement construction, how is the surface level of
reported directly by the Contractors Materials Engineer to the
the completed pavement check?
a) by T core test
a) DPWH b) by density test
c) by the use of 3 meter straight edge
Materials Engineer
c) Contractors Project Engineer
b) Contractor
d) none of the above
What primarily influence the grade of asphalt to be selected?
a) penetration
c) climate
If the RC pipes in the forgoing problem is not cast in the field, how b) class of aggregate
d) temperature
many pipes will be required to be subjected to the Crushing Strength
a) 75 pcs.
Who will approve the Job Mix Formula?
b) 70 pcs.
c) 100 pcs
a) DPWH Project/Materials Engineer
b) Contractor
How many concrete cylinder samples are required for 3,500 pcs. of c) Contractors Materials Engineer
reinforced concrete pipes?
a) 14 sets of 3
c) 75 sets of

24 -


What control during the mixing and compaction of the bituminous

What test determines the safe working temperature of the
pavement is of great significance in the resulting pavement?
a) Ductility test
a) compaction
c) grading of aggregates
b) Flash Point Test
c) Stability Test
b) density
d) temperature
_________________ are usually tested for extraction.
In asphalt pavement construction, there are three phases of rolling; a) Asphalt Mixes
b) emulsions
c) asphalt
what kind of roller is required to be used for the final compaction and cement
a) pneumatic roller b) sheepfoot roller c) tandem- smooth wheeled
Steel bars for the concrete reinforcement are tested for their
__________ properties.
a) tensile and bending
c) crushing
What is the maximum speed of the roller in compaction of asphalt
a) 4 kph
What method is used in determining the strength of concrete
b) 5 pipes?
a) third point loading
d) 6 kph
b) center point loading method
What shall be checked after final rolling?
c) three edge bearing method
a) degree of compaction
b) optimum asphalt content
quantity of aggregates
How many units shall be tested for strength, moisture and
absorption in a lot of 120,000 CHB
Ans.. 18 units
When is the completed asphalt pavement opened to traffic?
a) when the asphalt has cooled to atmospheric temperature
For 250 gallons of Reflectorized Traffic Paint, how many
b) when the asphalt has cooled to +/- 10*C of the spreading temperature
samples are required to be submitted for Quality Testing?
c) when asphalt is still hot
a) 3 samples
b) 2 samples
c) 4 samples

The apparatus used in determining the consistency of asphalt 392.

The bituminous mix should have a mass % of air voids within
cement is ___________.
a) penetrometer
the range of __________.
a) 2 to 3%
b) 1 to
c) thermometer
c) 3 to 5%


How is the consistency of liquid asphalt determined?

a) viscometer
b) Tag open cup
c) penetrometer

Traffic paint shall be applied to the pavement at the rate of

0.33 li/sq. m. and shall dry sufficiently to be free it from cracking
from ___________.
The Optimum Asphalt Content obtained in Marshall Stability Test is 150to 30 mins.
the average asphalt content of the Maximum Stability, Maximum Bulk
Specific Gravity, and _________________. a) 4% Air Voids
2 mm This is the only class of riprap that may consist of round
c) 5% mineral content
natural stones.
Ans.. Class A Riprap

25 -



The surface of riprap shall not vary from the theoretical surface by
more than _________ mm. ay any point.
The pads shall be highly resilient and durable rubber
Ans.. 100 mm.
reinforced with canvas and shall have a design life of at least
Fine aggregates of masonry shall all passes the ________ mm. sieve.Ans. Five ( 5 ) years
Ans.. 2.36 mm (No. 8 sieve )
The reflectors shall have the minimum specific intensity value
Mortar that is not used within ______ minutes after the water has
expressed as ______ of illumination.
been added shall be discarded.
Ans.. Candle power per foot candle
Ans. 90 minutes
The reflector shall support a vertical load of _____ when
Maximum projection of rock faces beyond the pitch lines shall not betested.
Ans. 10 KN
more than _____.
Ans.. 50 mm.
When raised profile type reflector are specified the approved
In hot or dry weather, the masonry shall be satisfactory protected _______ epoxy adhesive shall be used .
from the sun and shall be kept wet for a period at least _________ after Ans. Two ( 2 ) parts
Ans.. Three ( 3 )
Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less than
________ mm. shall not be subject to a requirement for water
For pavement markings, the composition of white paint shall be
_______ pigment and ______% of vehicle
Ans. 9.5 mm
Ans.. 42 45 % pigment
53 55% vehicle
Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less than
The composition of yellow paint shall be _______ pigment and ______ ________ mm. shall not be subject to a requirement for
Ans.. 23% pigment and 77% vehicle
Ans.. 13 mm.
The __________ material shall be of such quality that it will not darken
or become yellow when a thin section is exposed to sunlight.
Strip of the joint filler that do not conform to the specified
Ans.. Non volatile material
dimension within the permissible variation of ______ mm.
thickness ________ in depth shall be reflected.
___________ consist of beads of good quality, optically clear, lead freeAns. +/- 1.6 to 0 thickness ;
+/- 3mm. in depth
glass with not less than 90% reasonably spherical and free from flows.
Ans. Ballotini for reflective road paint
These are finely divided residue that result from the
combustion of ground or powdered coal.
Ans. Fly Ash
___________ is a reflector which shall be the short base type having a
maximum base area of 180 mm x 140 mm.
Ans. Flash surface reflective stud

26 -


A light spray application of asphalt to an existing pavement as 421.

a seal _____________ is an application of bituminous material applied
to inhibit raveling, or seal the surface or both.
for an existing, relatively non-absorbent surface to provide a
Ans.. Fog Seal
thorough bond between old and new surfacing.
Ans. Tack Coat
A light application of bituminous material for the express purpose of
laying and bonding loose dust.
____________ is a bituminous aggregate application to any type
Ans.. Dust Binder
of road or pavement surface for the purpose of providing a
wearing course, or surface seal or both.
The aggregate that is graded from the maximum size, down to and Ans. Treatment and Seals
including filler, with the object of obtaining a bituminous mix with a
controlled void content and high stability is called.
Ans. Dense 423.
___________ is a bituminous-sand application to an existing
graded aggregate
pavement to seal the surface and to function as a light wearing
The bituminous material used to fill and seal cracks in existing
Ans. Sand Seal
pavement is called______.
Ans. Crack filler
___________ is a spray application of bituminous material used
The application of sprayed bituminous coatings not involving the useto temporarily stabilize a recently seeded area. The bituminous
of aggregate is called_____.
material can be applied to the soil or to a straw or hay mulch as a
Ans. Bituminous application
tie down.
Ans. Mulch treatment
A mixture of bituminous material and mineral aggregate usually
prepared in a conventional hot mix plant or drum mixer at a
___________ is a combination of bituminous material and
temperature of not more than ______ and spread and compacted at the aggregate that is physically mixed by mechanical means, spread
job site at a temperature above _______.
on the job site and compacted.
Ans. 260*F (127*C)/200*F (93*C)
Ans. Bituminous Aggregate Mixtures

__________ is an application of low viscosity bituminous material426.

to an __________ is a combination of bituminous material and
absorptive surface designed to penetrate, bond, and stabilize this
mineral aggregate applied at ambient temperature for use in
existing surface and to promote adhesion between it and the new super-patching holes, depression and distress area in existing
impose construction.
Ans. Maintenance Mix
Ans. Prime Coat
__________ is a pavement construction using essentially one420.
A uniform application of a mixture of emulsified asphalt, fine
size aggregate which penetrated in place by an application of
aggregate, mineral filler, and water to an existing pavement , single or high viscosity bituminous material followed by an application of
multiple application may be used.
Ans. Slurry smaller size course aggregate and thoroughly rolled,
Ans. Penetration Macadam

27 -


The glass beads used in traffic paint shall have a minimum of ______
% true spheres.
Ans. 70%

What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand cone?

Ans. ( 12.7 mm )

The glass beads shall have a minimum refractive index of ______ .

Ans. 1.50

Soil properties can be improved by ____________.

a) Adequate compaction
c) Maximizing water
The white thermoplastic material shall not exceed a yellowish index content
b) Additional binder
of ______.
Ans. 0.12
d) Stabilization

The thermoplastic material shall have a maximum percent residue

440.of As construction progresses, you noticed that the materials
_____ after heating at 8 +/- 0.5 hours at 218 +/- 2*C
delivered at the project site are different from the one tested and
Ans. 28%
passed the requirement, as Materials Engineer what would you
The softening point of thermoplastic paint should be _______.
a) Authorize the use of the materials
Ans. 102.5+/-9.5*C
b) Conduct immediate retesting of the materials for verification
c) Reject materials
What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test especially if it
d) Replace the materials
deals with chemical?
Ans. Distilled Water
What is the test criteria for RCPC test with three ( 3 ) Edge
Liquid limit brass cup with a sample is raised and allowed to drop Bearing Test?
a) 0.3 mm.
sharply on the base through a height of what?
c) 0.5 mm.
Ans. 10 mm.
b) 0.4 mm.
d) 0.6 mm.

How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit device
The Immersion Compression test is prepared to
be rotated?
Ans. 2 rotation per seconds
a) ductility
c) stability
What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT ?
b) solubility
d) flexibility
Ans. Any clean, dry, free- flowing, uncemented and passing # 10 and
retained # 200 sieve
The use of sea water in reinforced concrete is not allowed due
to ____________.
a) no effect
What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum dry
b) cause of reduction in ultimate strength of concrete
density of 2,250 kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole is equivalentc) induce corrosion of R.S.B
to 2,335 kg/cu. m. and average moisture content of 8.85%?
d) b and c
Ans. % degree of compaction = (dry density/Max. dry density ) x 100
= [2,335/(1+8.85/100)] / 2,250 x 100
If the soil is properly compacted at MDD it will __________.
= ( 2,145.15/2,250 ) x 100
a) increase stability/strength
= 9.34%
b) minimize future settlement

28 -

c) decrease permeability
d) all of the above



Asphalt construction, compaction must be completed before the

mixture cools to _______.
a) 165*F ( 60*C )
c) 185*F ( 71*C )
b) 175*F ( 65*C )
d) 195*F ( 76*C )
Which contractor are required by DPWH to own the minimum
material testing equipment for pre-qualification purposes?
a) small
c) large
b) medium
d) all of the above

Cement which has been in storage for so long period that

there is already doubt as to its quality should be _____________.
a) retested prior to use
c) authorized to use
b) not to used
In abrasion test, a sample of 5,000 grams was subjected to
abrasion, a 2,000 grams sample was retained in no. 12 sieve after
washing, what is the abrasion loss?
a) 50
c) 60
b) 40
d) 30

Different brand of cement should not be allowed because
As percent asphalt increases in Marshall stability test, the % Air
a) different in texture
a) increases
c) remains c) varies in strength
b) different in color when dried
d) a or b
An apparatus used for field density test is called ___________.
The aggregate component contribute to shear strength and stabilitya) Sand cone
c) Nuclear density meter
of bituminous mixture . The desirable shape and surface texture of
b) Rubber balloon
d) all of the above
aggregate is _________.
a) round and
smooth surface
c) round and rough texture
Thickness tolerance in the construction of sub- base course is
b) angular and smooth surface
d) angular and rough
a) +/- 10 mm.
c) +/- 5 mm.
b) +/- 20 mm.
d) +/- 15 mm.
You can classify a soil sample in accordance to AASHTO through
a) Grain size analysis
PH value of water used in concrete is ___________.
c) both a and b
b) Atterberg a) 4 to 6
c) 6 to 10
d) none of the above
b) 6 to 8
d) 3 to 5


Who should take samples of materials and bring them to the 458.
In what item of work emulsified asphalt and cut back asphalt
laboratory for acceptance purposes?
a) Tack Coat
a) DPWH Materials Engineer
c) Contractors Project Engineerc) Seal Coat
b) Contractors Materials Engineer
d) DPWH Project Engineer
b) Prime Coat
d) Bituminous Surface Course
Hot- Laid
How do you determine the diameter of RSB?
a) by Vernier Caliper
b) by unit weight

29 -


What is the boundary between Coarse and Fine aggregates used in a) one ( 1 )
c) three ( 3 )
a) passing No. 3/8 sieve
b) two ( 2 )
d) four ( 4 )
c) passing No. 6 sieve
passing No. 4 sieve
d) passing No. 8 sieve
A revised design strength for concrete works was set forth
from 14 days to 7 days for concrete pavement for national roads
The purpose of trial section is to check ___________________.
and _____ days for major interchanges and busy intersection thus
a) the suitability of materials
minimizing occurrence of road congestion.
b) the efficiency of the equipment
a) seven ( 7 )
c) six ( 6 )
c) the construction method proposed to be used
b) three ( 3 )
d) four ( 4 )
d) all of the above
Compressive strength for mortar samples test at 3 days and
In FDT, the volume of hole is determined by what?
7 seven days can be considered for acceptance provided the
a) Sand to fill hole over unit weight of dry sand
strength of the samples at 7 days is not less than ________ Mpa
b) Total material taken from hole over volume of hole
which is 85% of the compressive strength for 28 days
c) Wet unit weight over 1 + MC/100
a) 22.08
c) 23.45
d) Dry unit weight over MDD x 100
b) 24.84
d) 21.53

What is the average compressive strength of the load bearing 468.

The use of Fly Ash concrete mix as mineral admixture in PCCP
concrete hollow blocks?
a) 1,000 psi
and as ______ % replaces the Portland cement in concrete mix.
600 psi
b) a) 15
c) 25
800 psi
d) 1,200 psi
b) 20


The surface condition of tack coat before the next course should
This is an instrument used to measure pavement deflections
applied is _______.
a) wet
c) dry
resulting from vehicle wheel loading. The results of the elastic
b) sticky
d) plastic
deformation test are used to evaluate the structural condition of
roads, and to help in the design of road strengthening measure
The contractor shall give the Engineer at least _______ days notice and road capacity improvement
prior to the beginning of work at the mill or shop where the metal
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrator
structure has been manufactured or fabricated, so that the required
b) Falling Weight Deflectometer
inspection may be made.
c) Three ( 3 ) Meter Straight Edge
a) 14
c) 21
d) Benkelman Beam
b) 17
d) 15
This an equipment which is used to measure differential
The request for recoring shall be made by the contractor within
deflection between joints of a concrete pavement to determine
_________ weeks after the official result of the coring test has been
the modulus of the existing slabs for use in the design of an
released if the structure failed to meet strength requirement.
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrometer

30 -

b) Falling Weight Deflectometer

c) Benkelman Beam
d) Merlin Road Roughness Measuring Device


__________ is the wearing away of the pavement surface

caused by the dislodging of aggregate particles.
a) Rutting
c) Shoving
b) Raveling
d) Corrugation
In the foregoing illustration determine the average thickness of478.
PCCP. This is the stage in compaction in which all free air is expelled
Actual Measurement
and replaced by water, if further pressure is applied to the soil
mass, the tendency is to reduce its volume.
a) wetting stage
c) saturation stage
b) swelling stage
d) none of the above
In this stage, additional water replaces some of the entrapped
air and the soil particles move closer together with a resulting
increase in density.
a) wetting stage
c) lubricating stage
b) swelling stage
d) all of the above
All boring during soil exploration survey shall generally be
a) 23.433
b) 23.43
c) 23.4
d) 23.4333 carried to a depth of at least ______ meter below the proposed
Vibrator shall not be operated longer than ______ seconds in any onegrade line.
a) 10
c) 20
a) one ( 1 )
c) 0.30
b) 15
d) 25
b) two and half ( 2 )
d) 0.50
How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit device
What is the factor that will influence the construction of
be rotated?
a) three ( 3 ) rotations per second
stabilized road?
a) Depletion of the
b) two and a half (2 ) rotations per second
supply of economically available materials
c) two ( 2 ) rotations per second
b) High cost involved in the construction of the conventional
d) one and a half ( 1 ) rotations per second
types of road
c) If the road structure
What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT?
may be built by stages, and a properly designed road might
a) passing sieve No. 30 retained No. 200
function briefly as a wearing course
b) passing sieve No. 20 retained No. 200
d) All of the above
c) passing sieve No. 10 retained No. 200
What is the meaning of ASTM?
d) None of the above
a) American Standard for Testing Materials
When placing concrete, what is the required temperature of
b) American Standard for Testing and Materials
a) less than 29*C
c) American Society for Testing Materials
c) less than 30*C
American Society for Testing and Materials
less than 28*C
d) less than 31*C
In sampling bituminous materials, the composite samples
In PCCP coring, what is the specified thickness of an individual
taken from a number of drums should have a size sufficient for
measurement that shall not be included in the average?
testing and should not be less _____ as called for in the guidelines
a) less than 20 mm.
c) less than 25 mm.
on the submission of samples.
b) more than 20 mm.
d) more than 25 mm.

31 -

a) 5 liters
c) 10 liters
A tremie shall consist of a tube having a diameter of not less
b) 4 liters
d) 6 liters
than ______ mm. constructed in section s having flanged couplings
For semi solid materials, samples should be taken at the center of the
fitted with gasket with a hopper at the top.
containers at least _____ mm. below the surface and 75 mm. from the a) 200
c) 250
sides with the aid of a clean hatcher or patty knife.
a) 100
b) 300
d) 150
c) 75
The fine aggregate used in stone masonry mortar shall all
b) 85
d) 50
pass No.____ sieve.
a) 40
__________ test classify the different asphalts into types and the
c) 30
different types into grades.
a) Quality test
c) b) 8
d) 3/8
Ductility test
The coarse aggregate used in Bituminous Concrete is
Consistency test
d) All of the above
a) retained on a
This is the most important volatilization test on liquid asphalt
2.36 mm. ( No. 8 sieve )
products, its gives information as to the actual amount of constituents b) retained on a 4.75 mm (No. 4 sieve )
remove at definite temperature.
c) retained on a 19.00 mm. ( No. sieve )
Extraction test
c) Evaporation test
d) both a and b
b) Distillation test
d) Softening test
As Materials Engineer, will you permit the use of salvage soil
This test indicate the purity of asphalt.
aggregate for lie stabilized road mix base course?
a) Specific Gravity
c) Solubility
a) Yes
c) It depends
b) Viscosity
d) Ductility
b) No
d) Let the DPWH Project Engineer to
This is the most important factor which influence the stability of
bituminous mixture.
a) Gradation of mineral aggregate
Is the accredited private testing laboratories owned by
b) Shape and surface texture of aggregate
companies involved in the supply of construction materials for
c) Hardness of aggregate particles
DPWH project be allowed to test their own products?
d) All of the above
a) Yes
c) It depends
The principal factor that effect the flexibility of bituminous mixture isb) No
d) Either a or c
a) the quality of bituminous binder 497.
For small projects where the quantity of steel bars is less than
b)the quality of mineral filler
10,000 kgs. What may be required as a basis of acceptance.
c) temperature susceptibility of the binder
a) P.E. Certificate
c) Inspection Report
d) all of the above
b) Mill Certificate
d) All of the above
The application temperature of emulsified asphalt ranges from 498.
Lumber is considered well seasoned when its moisture
a) 66* to 107*C
c)content is between _________.
a) 10 to 16%
20* to 66*C
b) 10*
c) 10 to 14%
to 71*C
d) 15* to 66*C
b) 14 to 18%
d) 15 to 20%
Concrete deposited in water shall be Class A concrete with a 499.
Flushing of bitumen to the surface after belting or screeding
minimum cement factor of _______ per cubic meter of concrete.
the hot mixture denotes rich mixture.
a) 12 bags per cu. m.
c) 11 bags per cu. m.
a) true
b) false
neither of the
b) 10 bags per cu. m.
d) 9 bags per cu. m.

32 -


Unsuitable materials are those materials containing detrimental

A soil aggregate that has a CBR value of 20 means that in the
quantities of organic materials, such as grass, roots, and sewerage and condition tested, the resistance to penetration of the standard
those that is _____________.
piston was ______ of the standard resistance of a compacted soil
a) high organic soils
or aggregate.
b) soils with liquid limit exceeding 80 and / or PI > 55
a) 40%
c) 10%
c) soils with very low density, 800kg/cu. m. or below
b) 20%
d) 80%
d) all of the above
For liquid asphaltic materials, these are run on the residue
The set of cylinders for each project shall be numbered consecutively
after distillation.
a) consistency test
beginning with 1 and three specimens should be identified as A, B, and c) ductility test
C. At the early stage of pouring, the laboratory should be requested to b) quality test
d) cement mixing test
break the A cylinders at 7 days to check what?
a) If
The basic aim of compaction is to produce a soil mass that will
the structure should be put in service at early stage
satisfy what criteria?
a) settlement
b) to check the mix design
c) permeability
c) To check if there is unusual development when admixture is used
b) stability
d) all of the above
d) All of the above
When do the embankment become friable in dry weather ,
The field specimen should be cured from 4 to 7 days at the project ravel at the edges and abrade severely under traffic and will
under moist conditions obtained by __________.
become dusty in service and much of the binder soil is simply
a) covering with wet sand
blown away during the dry season.
b) covering with saw-dust
a) the embankment is non- plastic
c) covering with palay-strw
b) the embankment lacks compaction
d) all of the above
c) materials fails CBR test
The cured cylindrical samples shall be transported to the Regional d) none of the above
Laboratory or any testing laboratory accredited by the DPWH in 510.
When the embankment tends to soften in wet weather, and
a) on top of PCCP constructed of such material develop ruts under traffic an d
may shift and shove to develop a wash board surface, the
b) carefully packed and crated surrounded with damp sawdust or palay plasticity index of such material is ____________.
c) on boxes with sand surrounding the
a) P.I. is too high
c) P.I. is too low
d) all of b) neither a & b
d) both a & b
the above
What is the allowable smooth riding quality of PCCP?
The penetration grade of concrete joint sealer, hot poured elastic a) 5.00 mm.
c) 3.00 mm.
type is _________
a) 80 - 100
c) b) 8.00 mm.
d) 6.00 mm.
100 - 120
b) below
d) 40 60
What is the penetration grade of bitumen prime coat?
The CBR is generally selected at what penetration?
a) 60 70
c) 85 100
a) 5.08 mm.
c) 2.54 mm.
b 120 150
d) none of the above
b) 3.1 mm.
d) 3.50 mm.

33 -


The spraying application temperature of all grades of asphalt cement

In direct shear test, the soil is sheared to failure by moving
should not be more than ________.
one part of the soil sample relatively to the other part along a
a) 211*C
c) 135*C
pre-determined plane. When several test are made on a soil
b) 159*C
d) 204*C
under different normal loads and the results are plotted in
arithmetic scales, the resulting line is made in the form of
What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat using cut ____________.
a) straight line
c) parabola
back asphalt?
a) 0.5 to 0.7 liters/sq. m.
c) 1.0
b) hyperbola
d) semi-elliptical
to 1.1 liters/sq. m.
b) 1.0 to
2.0 liters/sq. m.
d) 1.10 to 2.0 liters/sq.m.
In conducting soil exploration survey, what equipment you will
use in obtaining undisturbed samples.
What is the weight boulders required for class A grouted riprap?
a) split spoon sampler
c)screw type soil auger
a) 10 to 25 kgs
c) 15 to 30 kgs.
b) thin-walled sampler
b) 15 to 25 kgs.
d) 20 to 30 kgs.
d) Post-hole auger sampler
Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory test, the
degree of compaction required for aggregate subbase should be at522.
least Bituminous stabilization in the process of mixing intimately
pulverized soil and bituminous material. What is the minimum
a) 95%
bearing capacity (soaked CBR ) of the mixture?
c) 100%
a) 80%
c) 98%
b) 98%
d) 90%
b) 100%
d) 95%
Where to determine the amount of mixing water to use when
Portland cement stabilization roadmix base course is an
compacting the soil in the field to attain maximum density.
intimate mixture of pulverized soil, Portland cement and water
a) Trial Section
c) Control Strip
which is thoroughly compacted while in a moist condition to form
b) Field Density Test
d) Lab. Compaction Test
a structural road material when the cement hydrates and
crystallizes. What is the mass percent wear of soil aggregate
For soil classification purposes as in AASHTO M45, what is not
a) combined sieve and mechanicalused in this stabilization?
a) 40%
c) not more than 40%
b) 45%
d) 50%
sieve analysis
c) the wash test
For a rich mixture of cement in concrete, what determines the
d) none of the above
flexural strength of the concrete?
a) Mortar strength
This is widely used to control the characteristics of soil which are to c) both a & b
b) the strength of aggregate
d) the water/cement ratio
be incorporated in roadways.
a) The Limit Test
c) The Group Index
b) The soil classification
d) all of the above

34 -


This is a new method of soil stabilization being introduced to 531.

Oversanded and undersanded concrete mixtures require more
improved the properties of soil which is effective and at the same time water in order to be workable but will only result to ______________.
a) good surface texture
b) water tightens
Stabilization by the use of Geotextiles
c) weak strength
d) all of the above
b) Cement stabilization
c) Bituminous stabilization
For every lean mixes or low cement content of the mixture,
d) Lime stabilization
What determines the flexural strength of the concrete.
a) The strength of aggregate
b) The mortar strength
As per guidelines on submission of samples, laboratory trial mixes c) The water cement ratio
d) All of the above
should be made on aggregates which are proposed tube used for the
first time, in this case what is the weight of fine aggregates to be 533.
This is a method of determining in-place density of soil that
submitted for testing?
can be used satisfactorily in moist, cohesive fine grained material
a) 100 kgs.
c) 50 kgs.
only. The sample is obtained by forcing a small thin walled
b) 70 kgs.
d) 80 kgs.
cylinder into the material with a driving head and hammer or
other suitable apparatus.
Ans. Drive Cylinder
The phosphorous content of reinforcing steel bars bigger than 9.0 Method
mm shall not exceed _______.
a) 0.18%
b) 0.06%
This method of test is intended to determine the density of
c) 0.08%
d) 0.05%
cohesive soil and stabilized soil by measuring the weight and
volume of undisturbed samples.
The permissible variation of reinforcing steel bars bigger than 9.0 Ans. Block, Chunk or Core Sampling
mm. shall not exceed _____.
a) 10%
This method covers the determination of the density in-place
d) 6%
of compacted or firmly bonded soil by using a flexible membrane
and liquid that can be used to measure the volume of a test hole
A type of cement that sets and hardens by chemical interaction withsoil with an accuracy within 1.0%.
water and is capable of doing so underwater.
Ans. By Rubber Balloon Method
a) Portland Cement
b) Hydraulic Cement
c) Air-Retaining Portland Cement d) All of the above
This method covers the determination of the total or wet
density of soil and soil aggregate in-place by the attenuation of
The spacing center to center of circumferential reinforcement of all gamma rays, where the gamma detector, or both, remains at or
pipes shall not exceed its wall thickness and shall in no case exceed
near the surface.
a) 150 mm.
Ans. Nuclear Method
b) 200 mm.
100 mm.
d) 250 mm.
What are the three major groups of soil?
Ans. 1) granular 2) fine grained 3) organic

35 -


What are the common laboratory test required for soil?

If impossible to air-dry the sample under the heat of the sun
Ans. a) sieve analysis b) plastic and liquid limit test c) compaction test
what alternative should be used?
Ans. oven dry the sample
(moisture-density relation) d) CBR e) Abrasion Test (Mass percent of at 60*C
Wear) f) Unit weight g) Moisture Content
Sample for compaction test should pass to what sieve?
What are the common field test?
Ans. method A & B use sample passing sieve #4; method C & D
Ans. To determine the degree of compaction of soil or it is a control testuse sample passing #3/4
in embankment construction to ensure adequate compaction
What is the difference between T-99 and T-180 compaction
What is moisture content?
test method?
Ans. T-99 uses 2.5kg.
Ans. It is the amount of water present in the soil
(5.5lbs.) rammer with a drop of 12 height, while T-180 uses
4.54kg.(10 lbs.) rammer with a drop of 18 height
What is the different between natural moisture content with
hydroscopic moisture content?
Ans. Natural moisture content
What are the particle size analysis?
the moisture of undisturbed soil sample while hydroscopic moisture
Ans. It is the determination of particle size distribution in soil by
content is the moisture of air-dried soil sample.
sieve, hydrometer, or combined analysis

What is the formula used for moisture content determination? 552.

What are the other terms or particles size analysis?
Ans. Moisture Content = (wt. Of water/wt. Of oven dried sample) x 100 Ans. 1) sieve analysis 2) mechanical analysis 3) grading
Weighing hot sample is not advisable as it affects the accuracy of
Ans. True
What is the liquid limit?
Ans. it is the lowest moisture content at which the soil will flow
upon the application of a very small shearing force.
What are the methods use in reducing samples from the field to
testing size?
Ans. 1) sample splitter
The liquid limit is expressed as the moisture content
corresponding to what number of blows?
Ans. 25 blows
What is the required temperature for oven drying the soil sample?
Ans. 110*C +/- 5*C
What test are used in soil classification?
Ans. 1) grading or sieve analysis 2) plastic and liquid limit
How can you determine if the soil sample is already oven dried?
Ans. dried if it reached its constant weight
What is plastic limit?
Ans. It is the minimum moisture content at which the soil can be
readily molded without breaking or crumbling
How to prepare or to come up with air-dried soil sample?
Ans. air dry the sample under the heat of the sun

36 -


What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test especially if567.

What is the kind of material used for item 200?
deals with chemicals?
Ans. Distilled water
Ans. Aggregate subbase course


Liquid limit brass cup with sample is raised allowed to drop sharply
What is the required particle size for selected borrow for
on the base through a height of what?
topping under item 104 (embankment)?
Ans. 10 mm.
Ans. All particle size will pass a sieve 75 mm. or 3 square
opening and not more than 15% will pass 0.075 mm. (No. 20)
How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit device AASHTO 11
be rotated?
Ans. 2 rotations per second
P.I. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is
Ans. 6 maximum
In doing a plastic limit test, to what diameter shall the soil thread __________.
began to break?
Ans. 3.2 mm. ( 1/8 )
L.L. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is
Ans. 30 maximum
What is the formula for plastic limit?
Ans. PL = (Wa Wb)/Wb x 100
Where: Wa = original wt of crumbled soil thread
What is the LL requirement for item 200 (aggregate subbase
Wb = wt of oven dried crumbled soil
course) passing sieve # 40?
Ans. 12 maximum

What is Plastic Index (PI)?

Coarse portion retained on sieve # 10 (2.00 mm.) of item 200
Ans. It is the difference between the liquid limit and the plastic limit; PIshall have a mass percent of wear by Los Angeles Abrasion test of
Ans. 50% maximum
What is specific gravity?
Ans. It is a gravimetric-volumetric relationship in soils (or defined 573.
as the The required CBR value for item 300?
ratio of the wt in air of an equal volume of water at a stated temp.)
Ans. 25% minimum (AASHTO T 180 method D)

What is the approximate area for density control strip?

Ans. 335 sq. m.


What is the minimum percent field density or degree of

compaction for item 104 (embankment)?
Ans. 95% minimum
What is the maximum depth of roadway embankment per horizontal
layer in loose measurement?
What is the minimum degree of compaction for item 200 and
Ans. 200 mm. ( 8 )
Ans. 100% minimum

What item of work is embankment?

Ans. Item 104


37 -

What is the highest point in moisture density curve of the

moisture density relation test or compaction test of soil

Ans. MDD(Maximum Dry Density) and OMC (Optimum Moisture



How will you determine if the fine aggregates reaches the

saturated surface dry condition?
Ans. It is determine by the
use of cone test for surface moisture and if the molded shape of
fine aggregate slump slightly it indicates that it has reached a
surface-dry condition.

What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT?

Ans. Any clean, dry, free-flowing uncemented sand passing # 10 and
retained # 200 sieves
What are the test required for concrete aggregates?
Ans. 1) Fine Agg: Grading, specific gravity, absorption, dry unit
What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum dry
2) Coarse Agg: grading,
density 2,250kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole equivalent to wt.
specific gravity, absorption, dry unit wt, and abrasion
2,335kg/cu. m. and an average moisture content of 8.85%?
Ans. % Degree of Compaction = (Dry density/Max. dry density) x 100 Note: soundness is also tested as per request
Where ; Dry density = Wet density/(1+MC/100)
Wet density = wt of soil filled in a hole/volume of hole
What is the maximum mass % of wear by Los Angeles
% degree of compaction = {(2,335)/[1+(8.85/100)] x 100}/2,250
Abrasion Test?
Ans. 40% maximum
= (2,145.15/2,250) x 100
= 95.34%
What is the required speed of Los Angeles Abrasion Machine
per minute?
Ans. 30 to 33 rpm
Is the soil for No.45 passed the item 104 requirement for % degree of
Ans. G or Grading = 2
What is the size or diameter and weight of cast-iron spheres
P or Plasticity = 2
use in abrasion?
Ans. Approximately
C or Compaction = 2
46.8 mm dia. and weighing between 390-455 grams
D or Density = three in-site density test/500 sq. m.
What is the required total wt. of sample for abrasion test of
What are the test and number of test needed for 2,960 cu. m.
coarse aggregate grading A with 12 number of sphere?
Aggregate Base Course?
Ans. sand cone, jug (at least 4 Ans. 5,000 grams +/- 25 grams
liters), guide plate, moisture cans, sand, weighing scale, oven with
temperature control, chisel or digging tools, plastic bags and labeling
What is the significance of abrasion test?
materials (tag number)
Ans. It evaluate the structural strength of coarse aggregates
- gives an indication of quality as determined by resistance to
What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand cone?
impact and wear
- it determines
Ans. inch (12.7 mm.)
whether the aggregate will have degradation during traffic or
How many hours does a fine aggregates tested for specific gravity
and absorption be soaked in water?
Quality test for cement is represented by how many bags of
Ans. 15 to 19 hrs.
Ans. 2,000 bags or
fraction thereof

38 -


What is the sieve use in sieving materials from Abrasion Machine?

How to compute the flexural strength for third point loading
Ans. Sieve # 12 (1.70 mm.)
Ans. R = (PL)/(bxdxd) =
P(18)/(6 x 6 x 6) = P/12
Testing machine should be calibrated once every six (6) months if where: R = modulus of rupture
P = Load in lbs. or tons
possible but if it not possible what is the required time should the
machine be calibrated?
Ans. L = span length in inches
b = base in inches
Once a year
d = depth in inches
What is the percent tolerance of error in calibrating the machine?
What is the minimum flexural strength for third point loading
Ans. +/- 1%
Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)
What do you call a sample for concrete pavement?
What is the minimum flexural strength for center point loading
Ans. Concrete beam sample
Ans. 4.5 Mpa (650 psi)
How many sample should be taken for every 75 cu, m. of fresh
How to compute for flexural strength at center point loading?
Ans. 3 pcs. sample or 1 set
Ans. R = (3PL)/(bxdxd) = 3P(18)/2x9x6x6


What do you call the sample for structural concrete?

Ans. Concrete cylinder sample


What is the test use to determine the consistency of concrete?

Ans. Slump test

Which part of the batch for fresh concrete should the sample
be taken from a stationary mixers, revolving drum truck mixers or
Ans. two or more regular intervals during discharge of middle
portion of the batch

What is the size of tamping rod use in sampling concrete?
How to compute for the slump of concrete?
Ans. Slump = Ht. Of slump cone ht. Of fresh concrete after subsidenceAns. 16 mm. (5/8 inches) diameter and 610 mm. (24 inches) long
with the tamping end rounded to a hemispherical tip of the same
How to compute for the compressive strength of concrete cylinder dia. as the rod
Ans. CS = P/A
where: P = loads,
Concrete Masonry (hollow blocks) if subject to test, how many
A = area, sq. m.
sample is required?
Ans. 6 pcs./10,000 units
[rD(sq)] / 4 = 28.27 sq. m
12 pcs. if more than 10,000 units
At what age should a concrete beam sample be tested for flexural
What is the strength requirement for load bearing concrete
Ans. 4 days
masonry units?
Ans. individual = 5.5

39 -

Mpa (800 psi) minimum

Average(for 3 samples) = 4.14 Mpa (600 psi) minimum


What is the use of blown asphalt or hard asphalt?

Ans. Use as joint filler or water proofing


What is the significance of testing reinforcing steel bars?

SS-1 or SS-1h is what kind of asphalt?
Ans. to determine the yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as itsAns. Slow Setting Emulsified Asphalt
elongation and is used to classify the bars into grade
What are the three (3) kinds of Emulsified Asphalt?
What is the required length of RSB for testing?
Ans. Rapid Setting, Medium Setting and Slow Setting
Ans. 1 meter/10,000 kgs./size/shipment
What asphalt contains water?
What is the significance of bending test for RSB?
Ans. Emulsified Asphalt
Ans. to evaluate the ductile properties of RSB
What is the penetration grade for blown asphalt?
What is the required size of test specimen for G.I. sheets?
Ans. 0 to 30
Ans. 60 mm. x 60 mm. ( 3pcs. from one sheet/100 sheets
What is the ideal penetration grade of asphalt use in Tropical
What is the required sample for paint?
Ans. 85 to 100 (but some
Ans. 1 can ( gal. or pail )/100 cans (gal. or pail )
uses 60 to 70)

What kind of paint had reflectance in the form of beads?

Ans. Reflectorized Traffic Paint


Tack coat is used in an existing bituminous or concrete

Ans. True


What is the common components of house paint?

Ans. pigment and vehicle


What is the rate of application of bituminous tack coat?

Ans. 0.2 to 0.7 liter/ sq. m.


What is this construction material that is dark brown to black 627.

What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat?
cementatious material in which the predominating constituent are
Ans. 1 to 2 liters/sq.m.
For how many hours or how long shall a bituminous prime
coat left undisturbed?
Ans. 24 hrs.
What asphalt is commonly called hot asphalt?
Ans. Asphalt cement
What kind of asphalt is used as prime coat?
Ans. Cut-back asphalt (medium curing or rapid curing)
What are liquid asphalt?
Ans. Cut-back asphalt and Emulsified Asphalt
Bituminous prime coat is use to treat surface of base course.
Ans. True

40 -


No tack coat or prime coat shall be applied when the weather is

In an extraction test, aside from the asphalt what other
foggy or rainy.
Ans. True
materials being extracted?
Ans. Aggregates or
composite aggregates ( minerals of fine & coarse aggregates)
What kind of asphalt is used as tack coat?
Ans. cut-back asphalt (rapid curing) or emulsified asphalt
What is being determined in a core sample from asphalt
Ans. thickness of
pavement and density of pavement
Where should the bituminous seal coat be used?
Ans. on an existing bituminous surface course with or without an
application of aggregates
All records regarding quality control such as accomplishment,
daily activities, weather etc. are recorded in a ________.
If concrete cylinder sample for RCP is not available for compression Ans. Materials Log Book
test one (1) whole piece RCP for every 50 pcs. RCP will be submitted for
quality test.
Ans. True
The standard penetration test (SPT) is an in-site test that
measures what?
Ans. depth of soil
One set (3 pcs ) concrete cylinder sample shall be taken for every layer
how many pieces of RCP?
Ans. 25 pcs.
Which of the following bituminous material is best
recommended for sealing weakened plane joints?
In submitting samples for testing, what particular form is being
Ans. Joint Filler Asphalt (commonly called hard asphalt)
Ans. sample card

as a Materials Engineer of the project what is the report

accomplished every week?
Ans. Quality Control
Assurance Report


The main problem associated with wrong practice of

conveying concrete is called ______.
Ans. Segregation

The specification call for 1:2:3 concrete mix. In one bagger
What do you call the report to be submitted at end of the month? mixer, which of the following amount of water is most likely
required for the mix?
Ans. Monthly Materials Report
Ans. 20 i\liters
How to determine the proportion of cement , water, fine aggregates
A one lane road, with a pavement width of 3.5 meters and
and coarse aggregates?
Ans. by means of Concrete Design
shoulder width of 0.5 meter on each side of the pavement, was
designed to have subbase and base courses with a combined
thickness of 300 mm. If the thickness of the subbase is a 125
How to determine the thickness of pavement?
mm. the spreading and compaction of the subbase and base
Ans. by means of concrete core
course shall be carried out in ______.
Ans. 3 layer over the full width of 4.5 m.
How to determine the asphalt content of bituminous mix?
Ans. by means of extraction test

41 -


as Material Engineer, what is the area of trial section that you would
Quality Control testing in a DPWH project is the responsibility
recommend to check the suitability of the materials and efficiency of the
of the ___________.
Ans. DPWH and Contractors
equipment to be used for item 310, Bituminous Concrete Surface
Materials Engineers
Ans. about 500 sq. m.
As Material Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling
and testing aggregates of the course materials?
Per program of work, the estimated volume of item 201 materials is Ans. before the course materials be incorporated in the project
7,500 cu. m. How many grading and plasticity test are required based on
the DPWH minimum testing requirements?
Ans. 25 grading
The spot test on asphalt is used to determine what?
25 plasticity
Ans. overheating during manufacture

Bituminous concrete mixes contain asphalt by weight equivalent

Under what climatic condition(s) do we use the lower
Ans. 5 to 8%
penetration grades or hard asphalt?
Ans. hot climate


Quality of factory-produced reinforced concrete pipes may be best

Sampling of the freshly mixed concrete should be taken on
established through what?
Ans. Test of concrete pipe samples
the _______ batch discharge of the transit mixer.
Ans. middle
Where do we take additional cores when the measurement of any
core taken from the pavement is deficient in thickness by more than
Soft and unstable soils were encountered during the course of
Ans. At no subgrade preparation. If you were the Materials Engineer
less than 5 meters intervals parallel to the centerline in each direction assigned to the project, what is the most effective and cheaper
from the affected location
method that you would recommend to stabilized the soil prior to
the construction of the subbase course?
The results of Immersion-Compression test conducted on an asphaltAns. Geotextiles
mix sample are as follows: Dry stability = 2,000 Kpa
Wet stability = 1,000 Kpa
How many times per layer should a concrete specimen
What is the resulting index of retained strength? Does it meet the
molded in a 6x6x21 beam mold be rodded?
specification requirement of item 310 Bituminous Concrete Course?
Ans. 63 times
Ans. Index of Retained strength = (Wet stability/Dry stability) x 100
= (1,000 Kpa/2,000 Kpa) x 100
What is the basis for acceptance or rejection of any
= 50%
construction materials?
Ans. Materials
No it does not meet the specification of item 310 since the specificationTest Report
of IRS is 70% minimum while the resulting IRS is only 50%
In testing concrete cylinder sample the load applied should be
continuous without shock at a constant rate within the range of

42 -

_______ per second.

0.14 to 0.34 Mpa per second or 20 to 50 psi per second


In testing bituminous mix sample for Immersion-Compression

Stability the sample is soaked in water bath for ______ days.
Ans. four (4)


During the application of the first half of the anticipated load a

_______ rate of loading shall be permitted.
Given: Wt. of dry aggregate = 950 grams
Ans. higher rate
Wt. of asphalt
= 50 grams
What is the total % of asphalt weight of total mix
Initial rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a _____ roller.Ans. Wt. of total mix = wt. of dry agg. + wt. of asphalt
= 950 + 50 = 1,000 grams
Ans. Pneumatic Tire Roller
therefore: (50grams/1,000grams) x 100 = 5%
Final rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a _________
Does the percent asphalt in problem above meet the required
Ans. 3-wheel or Tandem type steel
specification for percent asphalt in bituminous mixes? Why?
wheel roller
Ans. yes, because standard specification for percent asphalt in
Rolling of bituminous mix shall be discounted whenever it begins to bituminous mixes is 5 to 8%
produce excessive ______ or ________.
If the actual percent asphalt in the problem above is 5% and
Ans. pulverizing of the aggregate or displacement of the mixture 676.
the percent asphalt in a job-mix 5.6% did it pass the required
tolerance? Why?
Final rolling shall be continued until roller marks are eliminated and a
Ans. No, because the required tolerance for % asphalt in a jobminimum of _____ mass percent of the density of the laboratory
compacted specimens prepared in accordance with AASHTO T160 has mix formula is +/-0.4%
been obtained.
Which is not the duty or responsibility of Materials Engineer?
Ans. 95 mass percent
Ans. quantity of construction materials
sample from compacted bituminous mix shall be neatly cut by saw or
Which is the duty or responsibility of a Materials engineer?
core drill. Each sample shall be at least ____________.
Ans. quality of construction materials
Ans. 150 mm. x 150 mm. or 100mm diameter full depth
Problem regarding quality of construction materials shall be
For surface tolerance the surface (bituminous mix) will be check
reported directly by the contractors Materials Engineer to the
the use of a _____ at sites selected by the Engineer.
Ans. 3 meter straight edge
DPWH Materials Engineer
What is the sample requirement for paving concrete for every 75 cu.
How many concrete cylinder is required for a 3,000 pcs.
m. or fraction thereof?
Ans. One (1) set (consisting of 3 pcs.)
reinforced concrete pipe culvert?
Ans. 120 sets (consisting
concrete beam sample
of 3 pcs. concrete cylinder per set)

43 -


If the concrete cylinder is not available for a 3,000 pcs. culvert 690.
pipes, What are the three major petroleum asphalt product?
how many pipes shall be subjected to test?
Ans. 1) Asphalt cement produced in various viscosity grade, the
Ans. 60 pcs. culvert pipes
most common penetration grade are, 200/300, 120/150, 85/100,
What kind of test that requires calibrated sand in filling the hole in Cut-back asphalt are asphalt mixed with solvents to reduce their
3) Emulsified Asphalt are
order to determine the volume of hole?
mixture of asphalt cement and water with emulsifying agent
Ans. Field Density Test (FDT)


What do you call the test using a rammer and a mold?

Ans. Moisture Density Relation Test or Compaction Test


What kind of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 to 30 mm.?

Ans. Blown Asphalt


What are the solvents for cut back asphalt?

Ans. 1) gasoline for rapid curing type
2) kerosene for medium curing type
3) diesel fuel for slow curing type

Emulsified asphalt are either _____ and _________.
If there is a necessary to add water to the concrete mix in order to Ans. 1) cationic emulsion which work better with wet agg. And
in cold weather
2) anionic emulsion which
increase is workability (provided concrete does not exceed specified
slump). How many minutes after the initial of the mixing does adding ofadhere better to agg. Which have positive charges
water be permitted?
What is the bituminous material commonly used in item 310?
Ans. not exceeding 45 minutes and that water cement ratio is not693.
Ans. Asphalt cement (AC)

What greatly influence the service of an asphalt pavement?
What is the percent weight of aggregates (coarse, fine and mineral
Ans. grade and quantity of asphalt
filler) in the mixture of bituminous concrete surface coarse?
Ans. 92 to 95%
What influence primarily the grade of asphalt selected?
Ans. Climatic condition
What is the percent weight of asphalt in the bituminous mixture?
Ans. 5 to 8%
The lower penetration grade or hard asphalt is used in
Ans. hot climate
How can we establish the exact percentage to be used in the
bituminous mixture?
Ans. Job-mix formula
The higher penetration grade or softer asphalt is used
Ans. cold climate
What are the two types of bitumen that are commonly used in
bituminous concrete surface course?
Ans. 1) Tar- is viscous liquid obtained from distillation of coal or wood
How many weeks does a producer of asphalt mix or the
2) Petroleum Asphalt are the product of the distillation of crude oil
contractor shall submit the job-mix formula?
Ans. three (3) weeks prior to production

44 -


Who will approved the job mix formula?

Ans. DPWH Project Engineer and Materials Engineer

distribution of coarse and fine aggregates

3) Laboratory density test determines the degree of compaction


The job-mix formula contains provisions on the following:

What is the correct temperature that the mixture shall be
Ans. 1) grading
2) percentage and type of asphalt 3) temp. of agg. placed as measured in the truck just prior to dumping into the
and asphalt
4) temp. of mixture upon delivery or at
time of compaction
Ans. 107*C


What is the primary quality control mechanism for the production

When tar is used, what is the temperature that the mixture
asphalt mixture?
Ans. Job-mix formula which shall
shall be placed?
Ans. 66*C to 107*C
conform to the following ranges of tolerance:
No. 4 and larger sieves +/- 7%
When shall the compaction be done in order to attain the
Passing No. 8 to No. 100 sieves +/- 4%
required density?
Ans. when the mixture
Passing No. 200
+/- 2%
is still hot and workable
Bituminous Materials
+/- 0.4%
Temperature of mixture
+/- 10*C
How to determine the number of passes that would attain the
required density?
Ans. trial section
What is the minimum dry compressive strength of the mixture?
Ans. 1.4 Mpa (200 psi)
What control during the mixing and compaction is of great
significance in the strength of the resulting pavement?
The mixture shall have a mass percent air voids with the range of Ans. temperature
Ans. 3.0% - 5%
What kind of roller should be used for the initial or breakdown
What is the Index of Retained Strength of the mixture?
Ans. Pneumatic smooth
Ans. 70%
wheeled roller (not less than 10 tons)


What is the most commonly used method in the design and

evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes?
Ans. Marshall Stability Method


What is the speed of the roller?

Ans. 5 km/hr

How is the rolling be done?
The quality control test for asphalt mix are the following:
Ans. It should begin from the side and proceed longitudinally
parallel toward the road centerline, each trip overlapping one half
1) Immersion-Compression Test determines the index of retained
the rollers width
strength of the mix
2) Extraction and
Grading Test determines the asphalt content and particles size 715.
After the final rolling what should be checked?
Ans. degree of compaction

45 -


The compacted pavement shall have a density equal to or greater

What kind of form used in item 311?
than ___________.
Ans. 97% of the laboratory
Ans. steel forms and a depth equal to the thickness of the
compacted density


When is the traffic be permitted to enter the pavement?

How long shall the forms remain undisturbed after concrete
Ans. when the pavement has cooled to atmospheric temperature
Ans. 24 hrs.


How many samples shall be taken for each full days operation?729.
What is the difference between item 504 and item 505?
Ans. at least one but not more than three (3) core samples
Ans. placement of stone or boulders and the ratio of cement and
fine sand
What is the dimension of the samples taken full depth from the finish
pavement for thickness determination?
What is the ratio of fine aggregates to number of bags of
Ans. 150 mm. or 100 mm diameter
cement for grout in item 504 and 505?
Ans. for item 504 its
one part cement to three part fine sand (1:3)
for item 505 its one part cement to two parts fine sand (1:2)
How is the sample taken from the finished pavement?
Ans. by means of core drill or saw
Penetration and ductility test of asphalt are done in __________
a) 60*C
How is the surface level of the finished pavement being check?
b) 25*C
Ans. by the use of 3 meters straight edge
c) 50*C
d) 10*C
The variation of the surface from the testing edge of the straight
This is the most fluidest and lightest of all the grade of
between contacts with the surface shall not exceed ________..
Medium Curing Cut-back Asphalt.
a) MC 30
Ans. 6 mm.
b) MC 70
c) MC 800
d) MC 300
What determine the thickness and density of compacted asphalt
Ans. core test
The only kind of asphalt that can be used in all bituminous
a) Asphalt Cement
What is the strength requirement (flexural strength) of a concrete item of work.
b) Cut-back Asphalt
when tested by third point loading method?
c) Emulsified Asphalt
d) All of the above
Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)
Retempering of concrete or mortar, which has partially
What is the compressive strength of the PCCP when rested at 14
hardened, will be permitted with the addition of cement,
Ans. 24.1 Mpa (3500 psi)
aggregate or water.
a) yes
b) no
What is the slump of a workable concrete if not vibrated?
c) it depends on the condition of concrete
d) check the slump
Ans. 40 75 mm, when vibrated the slump is 10 to 40 mm

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What is the minimum number of representative cores that shall743.

To protect dowel from corrosion and to facilitate sliding in
taken from each member area of concrete in place that is considered concrete, it shall be coated with _________.
a) 3 cores
Ans. thin film of bitumen
b) 4 cores
5 cores
d) core must be taken at 5 meter interval
The surface of the pavement shall be roughened by means of
backward & forward of the designed sta.
Ans. brooming


the strength level of concrete will be considered satisfactory if 745.

What is the depth of corrugation produce by brooming in the
average of all sets of three consecutive strength test result equal or
surface of the pavement?
Ans. 1.5 mm.
exceed the specified strength and no individual strength test result is
deficient by more than how many percent?
The surface of the newly placed concrete when it is
a) 25%
b) 20%
sufficiently set shall be cured for a period of _________.
c) 15%
d) 10%
Ans. 72 hrs.


For major interchanges and busy intersection, PCCP will be allowed The curing of the pavement are done on the following:
open on the ----------- to minimize occurrence of road congestion.
a) 14th day
b) 10 th day
1) by covering the concrete with mats saturated with water
c) 12th day
d) 7th day
2) thoroughly wetting the pavement
3) by ponding
The width of the weaken plane joint is __________.
4) by applying curing compound after finishing of the surface
Ans. not more than 6 mm.
When the right time is the joint be sealed?
When is the right time to saw the weaken plane joint?
Ans. after the curing period or before it is opened to traffic
Ans. within 24 hrs. as soon as concrete has hardened sufficiently
What is item 504 in DPWH specification?
What shall be done if cracks appear at or near the joint prior to the Ans. Grouted Riprap
time of sawing?
Ans. sawing shall be omitted
What is item 505 in DPWH specifications?
Tie bars shall not be coated or painted with ____________.
Ans. Stone Masonry
Ans. asphalt or other materials
This is the empirical indicator of the clay fraction of a binder
What is the metal device that are used as a load transfer device heldmaterial in a stabilized soil mixture.
in a position parallel to the surface and centerline of the slab of
a) Group Index
b) Liquid Limit
Ans. c) Plasticity Index
d) Plastic Limit

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When water is added to the mixture to bring the slump within

required limit, it shall be injected into the mixer under such pressure and
direction of flow that the requirement for uniformity and desired slump of
concrete are met. The drum shall be turned on additional _______
revolution or more.
a) 10 revolutions
b) 45 revolutions
c) 30 revolutions
d) 15 revolutions


Job-mix formula submitted for approval shall propose definite single

values for, except _____.
a) % of aggregate passing each
specified sieve
temperature of the mixture delivered on the road
c) Percent of bituminous materials to be added
d) mixing time of the mixture in the batching plant


For small contract project of the DPWH located in remote areas where
the quality of cement to be used is too small and where there are no
accessible testing laboratory to check the quality of materials, exception
in the requirements for performance of laboratory test in cement prior to
use may be allowed provided that the trial mixes be done for every
a) deformation characteristic of soil
b) Engineering properties of the underlying soils
c) Arrangement of soil strata
d) Field Density of soil


How many days shall the Engineer be notified in advance of the date
that the treating process will be performed in order that the untreated
lumber, the treatment process and the finished treatment timber may all
be inspected?
a) 15 days
b) 10 days
c) 21 days
d) 7 days

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