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KILLER MATH

x+3

PAINT FORMULA

1. On the number line above, point T is the


midpoint of segment RS, and point U is the
midpoint of segment TS. Which of the following
is the coordinate of point U ?
(A)

x+2

(B)

10 + 3 x
4

(C)

3x + 6
4

(D)

x+3
2

(A)

(E)

x+2
2

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

White:

3
gallon
5

Red:

1
gallon
4

Yellow:

1
gallon
3

2. A paint store makes peach paint according to the


formula above. The numbers of gallons of white
and yellow paint used in a batch of peach paint are
always each an integer. If the store owner wants to
make the smallest batch of peach paint possible,
how many gallons of red are needed?
1
4

3
4

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3. If 6 less than x is 4 more than y, then (x y)2 =


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

l3

2
4
6
10
100

a b
c
d
e f

4. If x is an integer and 1 x 4, how many values


x
of 3 + 1 are multiples of 4 ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

None
One
Two
Three
Four

l1

l2

5. Lines l1 and l2 eventually meet when extended to


the right. Which of the following could be true?
I.
II.
III.

e=a
a=f
e + c = 180

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

None
I only
II only
II and III only
I, II, and III

6. The solution set of x2 x + k = 0 is {5, r}. What


is the value of r ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

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5
4
0
4
It cannot be determined from the
information given.

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7. A printing press can print x pages in y minutes. A


certain job has one page more than the usual job.
This job would take the same amount of time as
the usual job if it were to print at what rate per
hour?
(A)

60 x
1
y

(B)

x 1
60 y

(C)

60 x
y +1

(D)

x
+1
60 y

(E)

60( x + 1)
y

10

9. In a certain card game, the winning hand is the one


where the average (arithmetic mean) value of the
cards comes the closest to zero. The gure above
shows the winning hand in one game. If this hand
has an average value of three, what is the value of
x+y?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

6
3
10
17
36

10. If x equals 10 percent of y and y equals

1
percent
4

of z, what percent of z is x ?
8. The gure above is half a circle with diameter d.
If d is an integer, for how many values of d is the
perimeter of the semicircle less than 12 ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

One
Two
Three
Four
Five

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

250%
25%
2.5%
.25%
.025%

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13. If x percent of y is 0.12 and y equals 4 3 , what


is the value of x ?
B

2
. It

rolls a distance of exactly 263 units. If the wheel

(A)

0.36

(B)

0.48 3

(C)

(D)

3 3

(E)

3
3

11. The wheel pictured above has a radius of

begins rolling to the right with point C touching the


ground, which point will be touching the ground
when it stops rolling?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

A
B
C
D
E

12. Set P consists of all of the positive integer factors


of 60. What is the difference between the average
(arithmetic mean) of the numbers in set P and the
median of the numbers in set P ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

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6
8
12
14
60

14. The volume of a cube is 10 10 cubic centimeters.


What is the surface area, in square centimeters, of
the cube?
(A)
6
(B)
10
(C)
60
(D) 1,000
(E) 10,000

15.

x7 x6
=
( x 1)
(A)
(B)

1
x 1
x
x 1

(C)

x5

(D)

x6
x 1

(E)

x6

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x<y<z
xyz = 20
y<0
16. If x, y, and z are integers, what is the greatest
possible value of x ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

10
5
1
10
20

3 1 1 1 9
, , , ,
5 10 2 5 10

18. In a certain school, there are x classrooms, each


with an average (arithmetic mean) of y students
per classroom. If the number of classrooms were
increased to z while the total school enrollment
did not change, the new average class size would
be how many fewer students per classroom?
(A)

xy
z

(B)

(C)

xy
y
z

(D)

xy
zy

(E)

xy
yz

xy
z

17. If x is the difference between 2 numbers from


the list above, what is the difference between the
maximum and minimum values of x ?
(A)

1
10

(B)

3
10

(C)

7
10

(D)

8
10

(E)

9
10

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S
R

21. The rst two numbers on a list of three numbers


have a sum of 20. The rst number plus twice
the second number equals the third number. The
rst number plus four times the third number is
16. What is the average (arithmetic mean) of the
three numbers?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

3
4
12
18
36

V
Note: Figure not drawn to scale.
19. In the figure above, TRV SUQ,
TVR QSU, RT = x, and QU = y. If QS = z,
how long is segment TV in terms of x, y, and z ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

yz
x
xy
z
yz
x
xz
y
It cannot be determined from the
information given.

20. Segment XY is the diameter of a circle. Point Z is


placed on the circle such that the length of XZ
is 6 and the length of ZY is 8. What is the area
of the circle?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

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10
25
36
64
100

22. A precious metal supply company gives a discount


for large purchases. It charges $50 for the rst
ounce purchased, $40 per ounce for the second
through the fth ounces, and $30 per ounce for
each ounce after the fth. If a customer spent
$360, how many pounds of metal were purchased?
(1 pound = 16 ounces)
(A)

7
16

(B)

5
8

(C)

(D)

10

(E)

12

2
10

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Seating
area

Stage

c
b

Note: Figure not drawn to scale.


23. In the gure above, what is c in terms of a and b ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

360 2a 2b
180 a b
360 a b
2a + 2b 360
2a + 2b 180

25. The gure above represents an outdoor theater


with a semicircular stage surrounded by a seating
area. If the perimeter of the whole theater is
16 + 8 and the perimeter of the stage is 10 + 5,
what is the area of the seating area?

y
B

(A)

6 + 3

(B)

25

(C)

13 + 6

(D)

39

(E)

32

24. Points A and B are vertices of isosceles right


triangle ABC. mABC = 90. If the length of
segment AB is 10, what is the perimeter of ABC ?
(A)

20

(B)

25

(C)

30

(D)

10 2 + 20

(E)

20 2 + 10

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26. A politician running for ofce campaigned doorto-door in a neighborhood. She spoke with
everyone who answered the door and left yers
at every home where no one answered the door.
If there are 120 homes in the neighborhood, and
she left yers at three times as many homes as the
number of homes where she spoke with people,
how many yers did she leave?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

30
40
80
90
120

X
B

Note: Figure not drawn to scale.

27. Joyce had h pieces of candy. She ate

1
of her
4

1
of the remaining candy on
4
1
the second day, and
of the candy that was left
4

28. In the gure above, XYZ is surrounded by


semicircles A, B, and C. If the areas of semicircles

candy the rst day,

on the third day. How much candy did she have

A, B, and C are

what is the area of XYZ ?


(A)

left at the end of the third day in terms of h ?

(A)

h
64

(B)

h
4

(C)

27h
64

(D)

3h
4

(E)

61h
64

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9
25
, 2, and
respectively,
8
8

(C)

9
4
6

(D)

12

(E)

24

(B)

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29. A furniture factory can produce f + 4 chairs when


w workers are working. How many workers are
required to produce f chairs at this same rate?
(A)

fw
f +4

(B)

w
f +4

(C)

w
f

(D)
(E)

f +4
w
f +4
fw

31. If r5 r4s = 96 and r s = 6, which of the following


could be the value of r + s ?
(A) 10
(B) 6
(C) 4
(D)
2
(E)
10

32. The average (arithmetic mean) of x numbers is


12. If the average of these x numbers and 4 and 6
is 10, what is the value of x ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

2
5
10
11
12

10

30
30. What is the area of the right triangle above?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

25
3
2
25
2
2

33. If 10 milliliters of nitrogen is needed to make


1 liter of fertilizer, how many liters of nitrogen
are needed to make 10 liters of fertilizer?
(1 liter = 1,000 milliliters)
(A)

1
liters
1000

(B)

1
liters
100

(C)

1
liters
10

(D)

1 liter

(E)

10 liters

25 3
50
It cannot be determined from the
information given.

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W
34. The cube above is comprised of 27 smaller cubes,
each with a volume of 1. If the cube labeled A
and the two cubes behind it are removed so that
the large cube has a hole from front to back, what
is the surface area of the new object?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

14
24
40
54
64

35. Line segments QW, QX, QY, and QZ are segments


of different lines which intersect at point Q.
Segment QX bisects WQZ. If mWQY = 60,
mYQZ = 30, and mWQZ = 90, what is the
measure of XQY ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

15
30
45
60
90

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36. In square ABCD above, W, X, Y, and Z are the


midpoints of each side. (Arcs XW, WZ, ZY, and YX
are each quarter circles with centers at the vertices
of the square.) If the diagonal of square ABCD is
12, what is the area of the shaded region?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

72 36
72 18
18
144 36
72 6 2

37. A garden contains 100 red roses and 50 yellow


roses. If the gardener adds x more red roses,
yellow roses will comprise 20 percent of the
garden. What is the value of x ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

10

20
30
60
80
100

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Questions 3839 refer to the following denition.


2

For all numbers a, let a = a + 2


38. 3 + 5 =
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

3
5
6
8
15

39. (x) =
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

41. A jeweler charges $20 an ounce for silver and $12


an ounce for nickel. If mixed-metal jewelry is
worth $15 per ounce, how many ounces of silver
are in a piece of mixed-metal jewelry that weighs
6 ounces?
3
8

(A)
(B)

1
4

(C)

1
2

(D)

3
4

(E)

3
8

x2 + 2
x4 + 4x2 + 4
x4 + 4x2 + 6
x4 + 2
x4 + 4

40. Circle A has a circumference of x and a radius


of a, and Circle B has a circumference of y and a
radius of b. If 2 x 8 and 4 y 12 what
is the smallest possible value of a b ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

6
5
2
2
5
42. In the gure above, an equilateral triangle is
inscribed in a square. If the area of the square is
16, what is the perimeter of the shaded region?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

2 3
4
6+2 3
12
6+ 4 3

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Y
2a

Note: Figure not drawn to scale.


43. In the gure above, WY || VZ and triangle WXV is
isosceles. Which of the following must be true?

(a + 10)

I. WXV XVZ
II. WXV XWV
III. YXZ WXV

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

I only
II only
III only
I and II only
I, II, and III

44. A contractor needs 1 gallon of paint to cover four


walls or three ceilings. If the contractor buys 12
gallons of paint to paint 16 walls, how many
ceilings can be painted with the paint left over?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

8
12
16
24
32

45. In the gure above, what is b in terms of a ?


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

46. If a is 60 percent more than b, b is 50 percent


less than c, and c is 50 percent more than d, what
percent of a is d ?

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2
%
3

(A)

(B)

40%

(C)

60%

(D)

1
83 %
3

(E)

12

2a 10
170 3a
95 a
180 3a
85 a

160%

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49. a

(a
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

(a

a)) =

4a
8a
16a
32a
40a

b c

47. In the gure above, segment WZ contains the


centers of four circles. If WX is one half of XY,
and XY is one half of YZ, what is the ratio of the
area of the shaded region to the sum of the areas
of the three smaller circles?
(A)

2
1

(B)

4
1

(C)

7
1

(D)

4
3

(E)

7
3

d e

a
p

g
q r s
x
t
w v u

h
i

k j

50. What is the difference between the sum of angles


a through p and the sum of angles q through x ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

0
360
720
760
1080

Questions 4849 refer to the following denition.


The operation is dened for all numbers x and y by the
equation x y = x + 3y.
48. 3

(2
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

5) =
17
21
33
51
54

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51. If a and b are positive integers, which of the


following will happen to the value of ab
2
when a and b are each divided by 2 ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

It will be smaller by a factor of 2.


It will be smaller by a factor of 4.
It will be smaller by a factor of 8.
It will be smaller by a factor of
16.
It will be smaller by a factor of
32.

52. A car dealers lot contains 12 cars for lease and 15


cars for sale. The lot also contains 23 trucks for
lease and 22 trucks for sale. The dealer wants to
change the ratio of trucks for lease to trucks for
sale so that it equals the ratio of cars for lease to
cars for sale. If the total number of trucks remains
unchanged, by how many would the number of
trucks for sale increase?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

14

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3
5
15
22
25

X
n

Note: Figure not drawn to scale.


53. In the rectangle above, all of the following must
be true EXCEPT
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

ab=nm
l+m=b+c
c+n>l+m
a + b + m + n = 180
a+b=m+n

54. If wx is a multiple of 10 and xy is an odd number,


which of the following numbers must be even?
I. w
II. x + y
III. wy

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

None
I only
II only
I and II only
I, II, and III

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3
2
of m, and m is
of n, 2n is what
4
5
fraction of m ?

55. If 12 is

(A)

1
5

(B)

3
5

(C)

4
5

(D)

5
4

(E)

5
1

56. For a certain set P, the mat is dened as the set


1
of every member of P for which P is prime. If
2
P = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}, then the mat of P is
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

{1, 3, 5}
{1, 2, 3, 5}
{2, 3, 5}
{4, 6}
{2, 4, 6}

57. In the stock market, a certain stock is worth $10 at


the end of the day Monday. Each day it increases
in value by an amount of 3n 5, where n is the
value of the stock at the end of the preceding day.
How much is the stock worth at the end of the day
Thursday?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

58. Joe is 6 years younger than Anna and 4 years older


than Ricardo. What is the ratio of Annas age to
Ricardos age?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

1 : 10
4: 6
6: 4
10 : 1
It cannot be determined from the
information given.

2
2
2
59. If a, b, and c are integers, ab = c and a , b , and c
are all less than 81, what is the smallest possible
sum of a, b, and c ?

(A) 17
(B) 15
(C) 1
(D)
3
(E)
11

60. In a certain city, buildings are numbered by


block such that the first block of a street has
buildings numbered 298, the second block
has buildings numbered 102198, the third
block has buildings numbered 202298 and
so on. If every possible building number is
assigned to a building, how many buildings
are on the second block?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

86
95
96
97
98

$85
$110
$400
$535
$2135

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61. Nine schools are competing in a marching band


competition where schools from the eastern half
of the state compete against schools from the
western half of the state. If the 4 schools from
the west have an average (arithmetic mean) of 86
musicians per band and all 9 schools combined
have an average of 96 musicians per band, what
is the average number of musicians per band for
the schools from the east?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

91
101
104
130
172

62. For a certain owering bush, it is estimated that


the number of owers that bloom per day is equal
to the percent of nitrogen in the soil divided by 2.
At this rate, if f owers bloom in w weeks, what
percent of the soil consists of nitrogen?
(A)

2f
w

(B)

7f
2w

(C)

14 f
w

(D)

f
7w

(E)

2f
7w

63. For all integers, B is dened as the greatest even


integer less than B, and B is dened as the least
odd integer greater than B. If B is a multiple of 8,
what is the positive difference between B and
B?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

64. Kevin scored 195 points on his history nal exam.


If this score was 30 percent more than the score a
he needed to get an A in the class and 50 percent
more than the score b he needed to get a B in the
class, what is the sum of a and b ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

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130
150
156
280
390

65. Each team in a certain sport has a team ag. Each


ag consists of 3 vertical stripes. On each ag,
the colors of the stripes must all be different, and
the stripes must be chosen from the following
colors: white, orange, blue, red, green, yellow,
black, purple, or brown. A team ag could have
one of how many possible color arrangements?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

16

1
2
3
4
It cannot be determined from the
information given.

240
272
504
648
729

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66. If the bottom of the rectangular aquarium pictured


above has an area of ab and the volume of the
aquarium is abc, what is the surface area of the
outside of the aquarium in terms of a, b, and c ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

2ab + 2bc + 2ac


ab + 2bc + 2ac
ab + bc + ac
2a2 + 2b2 + 2c2
a2 + b2 + c2

Note: Figure not drawn to scale.


67. Point O is the center of the circle above.
QOS SOU. Which of the following must
be true?
I. Segment SO bisects QOU.
II. QOR TOU
III. Segment RO bisects QOS.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

I only
II and III only
I and III only
I, II, and III
None of the above

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