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Q.
No
Q.1

QuestionStatus

Whichofthefollowingisawrongstatement?
a. Additionofinsulationdoesnotalwaysbringaboutadecreaseintheheattransfer
rateforgeometrieswithnonconstantcrosssectionalarea.
b. Rubberinsulatedwirescancarrymorecurrentthanabarewireforthesamerisein
temperature
c. Acertainthicknessofinsulationonasteampipemayincreasetherateofheat
transferratherthanreduceit.
d.

Criticalradiusofinsulationreferstotheouterradiusofinsulationforwhichthereis
maximumthermalresistanceandconsequentlymaximumheatflowrate.

Attempt

Q.2

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Adiffuseradiationsurfacehas
a.

Radiationintensityindependentofangle.

b. Emissivepowerindependentofangle.
c. Emissivepowerindependentofwavelength.
d. Radiationintensityindependentofbothangleandwavelength.

Attempt

Q.3

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Air enters a rectangular duct measuring 30 cm 40 cm. The flowing air has a
thermalconductivity0.028W/mK.FromempiricalcorrelationstheNusseltnumber
hasbeenapproximatedtobe425.TheconvectiveheatflowcoefficientinW/m2 Kis
a.

34.71

b. 39.65
c. 29.75
d. 25.64

Attempt

Q.4

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Aheatexchangerisusedtoheatcoldwater(Cp=4.18kJ/kgK)enteringat12Cata
rateof1.2kg/sbyhotair(Cp=1.005kJ/kgK)enteringat90Catrateof2.5kg/s.The
highestrateofheattransferintheheatexchangeris
a. 82kW
b. 156kW
c.

195kW

d. 224kW

NotAttempt

Q.5

CorrectAns.

Solution

For calculation of heat transfer by natural convection from a horizontal cylinder,


whatisthecharacteristiclengthingrashofnumber?
a.

Diameterofcylinder

b. Lengthofthecylinder
c. Circumferenceofthebaseofthecylinder
d. Halfthecircumferenceofthebaseofthecylinder

Attempt

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Q.6
When

arethetemperatureofcoldfluidatentryandexitrespectivelyand
arethetemperatureofhotfluidatentryandexitpoint,andcoldfluidhas

lower heat capacity rate as compared to hot fluid, then effectiveness of the heat
exchangerisgivenby

a.

b.

c.

d.

Attempt

Q.7

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Heatislostfroma100mmdiametersteampipeplacedhorizontallyinambientairat
30C.IftheNusseltnumberis25andthermalconductivityofairis0.03W/mK,then
theheattransfercoefficientwillbe
a. 16.2W/m2 K

b.

7.5W/m2 K

c. 25.2W/m2 K
d. 30W/m2 K

Attempt

Q.8

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

For a glass plate transmissivity and reflectivity are specified as 0.76 and 0.08
respectively,theabsorptivityoftheglassplateis
a. 0.86
b. 0.08
c.

0.16

d. 1.00

Attempt

Q.9

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

An electric cable of Aluminium conductor (k = 240 W/mK) is to be insulated with


rubber(k=0.15W/mK)andoutsideheattransfercoefficientof6W/m2 K,thecritical
radiusofinsulationwillbe
a. 40mm
b.

25mm

c. 80mm
d. 160mm

Attempt

Q.10

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Fouriernumberisthemeasureof
a. Heatstoredinabodyrelativetoheatconductedthroughit.
b.

Heatconductedthroughthebodyrelativetoheatstored.

c. Thethermalenergystoredcapacitytotheconvectivethermalresistance.
d. Thethermalenergystoredcapacitytotheconductionthermalresistance.

Attempt

Q.11

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Acounterflowheatexchangerisusedtoheatwaterfrom20Cto80Cbyusinghot
exhaust gas entering at 140C and leaving at 80C. The log mean temperature
differencefortheheatexchangeris
a. 80C
b.

60C

c. 110C
d. 100C

Attempt

Q.12

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Ifnaturalconvectionheattransferfroma4cmhorizontaldiametertubeisgivenby

therelationNu(Gr)0.25 ,andtheconvectiveheattransfercoefficientis100W/m2
K.Ifthediameterofthetubeis16cm,thevalueofhwouldbe______W/m2 K,with
otherparametersremainingthesame.

Attempt

Incorrect

YourAns.

25

CorrectAns.

70.71(6873)
Solution

Q.13

Aplaneslabof10cmthicknessgeneratesheat.Itisobservedthatthetemperature
dropbetweenthecentreanditssurfacetobe60C.Ifthicknessisincreasedto200
mm,thetemperaturedifferencewillbe____________C.

Attempt

Q.14

Incorrect

YourAns.

120

CorrectAns.

240

Solution

After expansion from a gas turbine, the hot exhaust gases are used to heat the
compressed air from a compressor with the help of a counter flow compact heat
exchangerof0.6effectiveness.Thenumberoftransferunitsoftheheatexchanger
is__________.

Attempt

Q.15

Incorrect

YourAns.

0.916

CorrectAns.

1.5

Solution

Alongitudinalcopperfin(k=380W/mK)600mmlongand5mmdiameterisexpose
toairstreamat20C.Theconvectiveheattransfercoefficientis20W/m2 K.Ifthefin
basetemperatureis150C,thenefficiencyofthefin__________%.

Attempt

Q.16

Correct

CorrectAns.

25.66(2427)

Solution

For an opaque plane surface the irradiation, radiosity and emissive power are
respectively20,12and10W/m2 .Theemissivityofthesurfaceis__________.

Attempt

Q.17

Correct

CorrectAns.

0.8(0.790.81)

Solution

A1cmdiametercablemadeofametalistobeinsulatedwithrubber(k=0.17W/m
K)islaidintoatmosphereof20Cwithoutsideheattransfercoefficient21.25W/m2
K. The surface temperature of metal is likely to be 65C due to heat generation
within.Themaximumheatdissipation(W)permeterlengthofthecablewillbe
a. 25.50
b.

32.70

c. 38.54
d. 30.60

NotAttempt

CorrectAns.

Solution

Q.18

a. a
b. b
c.

d. d

Attempt

Q.19

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Two streams of fluids of unit constant specific heat and unit mass flow rate
exchangethermalenergyinanadiabaticheatexchanger.Theinlettemperatureof
hotandcoldfluidstreamsare300Cand30Crespectively.Theeffectivenessofthe
heatexchangeriftheoutlettemperatureofboththefluidareequal
a.

0.5

b. 0.6
c. 0.7
d. 0.8

Attempt

Q.20

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

AiratatemperatureofTflowsoveraflatplatewithafreestreamvelocityofU.
TheplateismaintainedataconstanttemperatureofTw.TemperatureTofairatany
locationisgivenby

Whereyisthedistancemeasuredfromtheplatealongitsnormal,andandtare
the hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layer thickness, respectively. The heat
transfercoefficientattheplatesurfaceusingthefollowingdata:

a. 0.14W/m2 K
b. 13.60W/m2 K
c.

136.80W/m2 K

d. 1368W/m2 K

NotAttempt

Q.21

CorrectAns.

Solution

Adryerisshapedlikealongsemicylindricalductofdiameter1.5m.Thebaseofthe
dryerisoccupiedwithwatersoakedmaterialtobedried.Thebaseismaintainedata
temperatureof370K,whilethedomeofthedryerismaintainedat1000K.Ifboth
surfacebehaveasblackbody,thedryingrateperunitlength(kg/ms)experienced
bythewetmaterial.(Take(Cp)water=4.18kJ/kgKandlatentheatofwater=2257
kJ/kg)

a. 0.0578
b. 0.0736
c. 0.1156
d.

0.0368

NotAttempt

Q.22

CorrectAns.

Solution

Ametalplate0.609mhighformstheverticalwallofanovenandisatatemperature
of161C.
Within the oven air is at a temperature of 93C. Assuming the natural convection
conditionshold
neartheplate,
Thepropertiesofairat400Kare
=26.4106 m2 /s,=38.3106 m2 /s
k=33.8103 W/mK
TheRayleighnumberwillbe
a.

3.725108

b. 37.25108
c. 5.245108

d. 52.45108

NotAttempt

Q.23

CorrectAns.

Solution

Asolidcopperballofmass0.5kgwhenquenchedinawaterbathat30C,coolsfrom
530Cto430Cin10seconds.Whatwillbethetemperature(C)oftheballafterthe
next10seconds?
a. 300
b. 320
c.

350

d. Indeterminateduetoinsufficientdata

Attempt

Q.24

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Twofluids,AandBexchangeheatinacounterflowheatexchanger.FluidAenters
at420Candhasmassflowrateof2kg/s.FluidBentersat20Candalsohasmass
flowrateof2kg/s,effectivenessofheatexchangeris75%.Theexittemperature(C)
offluidBis(specificheatoffluidAis1kJ/kgKandthatoffluidBis4kJ/kgK)
a. 120
b.

95

c. 75
d. 100

Attempt

Q.25

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

The main trunk duct of an air conditioning system is rectangular in crosssection


(400mm800mm)andhasairatatmosphericpressureandat20Ctemperature
flowingwithavelocityof7m/s.Estimatetheheatleakage(W)permeterlengthper
unittemperaturedifference.Relevantphysicalpropertiesofairare:
=15.06106 m2 /s,=7.71102 m2 /hrandk=0.0259W/mK
a.

48.17

b. 49.90
c. 6.45
d. 25.50

NotAttempt

Q.26

CorrectAns.

Solution

Heatflowsthroughacompositeslab,asshownbelow.Thedepthoftheslabis10cm.
ThekvaluesareinW/mK.TheheatflowratethroughthecompositewallinWis

a. 313.07
b. 2314.50
c. 575.25
d.

2037.15

Attempt

Q.27

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Acylindricalpinfinofdiameter0.6cmandlengthof3cmwithnegligibleheatloss
fromthetiphasanefficiencyof0.7.Theeffectivenessofthisfinis
a. 0.3
b. 0.7
c. 8
d.

Attempt

Q.28

14

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Ahollowcylinderofamaterialthathasathermalconductivityof3.46W/mChasan
innerradiusof7.5cmandanouterradiusof15cm.Thetemperatureontheinner
surfaceis150Candthetemperatureprofileisgivenby

Whererisincm.Theheattransferrateperunitlengthis_____________kW.

NotAttempt

Q.29

CorrectAns.

1.59(1.51.7)

Solution

Heatengineoilavailableat150Cflowingthroughtheshellsideisusedtoheat2.4
kg/s of water from 20C to 80C in a shell and tube heat exchanger. Water flows
through eight tubes of 25 mm diameter. The exit oil temperature is 90C. Take oil
sideheattransfercoefficientas400W/m2 K.Forwater:Cp=4.18kJ/kgK,=548
106 Ns/m2 ,k=0.643W/mKandPr=3.56.Theoverallheattransfercoefficientis
__________W/m2 K.

NotAttempt

Q.30

CorrectAns.

359.38(355365)

Solution

Two very large parallel plane with emissivities 0.3 and 0.8 exchange radiative
energy. The percentage reduction in radiative energy transfer when a polished
aluminiumradiationshield(=0.05)isplacedbetweenthemis____________%.

Attempt

Q.31

Correct

CorrectAns.

91.58(9092)

Solution

A hollow sphere is made up of two materials, first with k = 70 W/mK is having


internaldiameterof10cmandouterdiameterof30cmandsecondwithk=15W/m
K forms the outer layer with outer diameter of 40 cm. The inside and outside
temperatureare300Cand30C.Therateofheatflowthroughthesphereassuming

perfectcontactbetweentwomaterialsis________kW.

Attempt

Q.32

Correct

CorrectAns.

11.25(1111.50)

Solution

Atubularheatexchangeristobedesignforcoolingoilfromatemperatureof80Cto
30C by a large stagnant water which may be assumed to remain constant at a
temperatureof20C.Theheattransfersurfaceconsistof30mlongstraighttubeof
20mminsidediameter.Theoil(specificgravity=0.8)flowsthroughcylindricaltube
with an average velocity of 50 cm/s. The overall heat transfer coefficient is 298.7
W/m2 C.Theheattransferthroughtheheatexchangeris________kW.

Attempt

Q.33

Correct

CorrectAns.

15.7(15.615.8)

Solution

Inanexperiment,thelocalheattransferoveraflatplatewerecorrelatedintheform
oflocal
Nusseltnumberasexpressedbythefollowingcorrelation

Theratiooftheaverageconvectionheattransfercoefficient(h)overtheentireplate
lengthtothe
localconvectionheattransfercoefficient(hx )atx=Lis_________.

NotAttempt

CorrectAns.

1.25

Solution