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Module 85

MATH

AREA OF A TRIANGLE

A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development

To the Learner

Hey! How did you find the activities in finding the

perimeter of some polygons?

Its now time for you to explore more to learn in finding

the arc of those polygons.

Deriving formula for finding the area of a triangle.

Find the area of the following. Write your answers in your

notebook.

1)

2)

S = 9 cm

3)

w = 8 dm

l = 14 dm

4)

length

width

A

5)

side of a square =

A

=

____

S = 12 m

29

=

=

=

3 cm

15 cm

_____

7 dm

Check your answers with the answer key. If you got a score of 4

or 5, you may now proceed to this lesson. If not, review your previous

lessons on finding the area of a rectangle and a square.

Study the situation below.

Given the length and width of a rectangular plywood, Dan and

Robby are instructed by their teacher to cut it into two triangles

equally. What is the area of each triangle? How about the area of

rectangular plywood?

length = 18 cm

width = 12 cm

height = 12 cm

base = 18 cm

into two equal triangles becomes the base which is equal to

18cm. The width becomes its height which is equivalent to

12cm.

Recalling the formula in finding the area of a rectangle,

= 18cm x 12cm

= 216 cm2

30

say that its area will also be halved. In short, we can have

216 cm2 2 = 108 cm2.

Look at the figure above, the width = height and the length =

base and since, half of the area of a rectangle is the area of a triangle,

we say

A

(base of height)

(18cm x 12cm)

(216cm2)

216 cm2

2

108 cm2

So,

Lets Do This

Find the area of the following triangles

1.

5 cm

b = 10 cm

h = 5 cm

2.

8 cm

10 cm

4 cm

31

h = 18 cm

3.

4.

b = 15m

h = 10 m

A = _____

b = 2 cm

5.

b = 48m

h = 12 m

A = _____

A =

or

1

base x height

2

1

bh

2

32

Lets Do More

Find the area of each triangle.

2)

1)

3)

h = 21 m

h = 7 cm

h = 11mm

b = 8 cm

b = 10 mm

b=6m

4) b = 13 m

h=9m

A = _____

5) b = 16 dm

h = 4 dm

A = _____

Solve for the area of each triangle.

b=6m

h = 9 cm

1)

2)

3)

h=8m

b = 15 m

b = 12 cm

4)

b = 14 mm

h = 7 mm

A = _____

5) b = 20 dm

h = 22 dm

A = _____

33

h=6m

Answer Key

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

81 cm2

112 cm2

144 cm2

45 cm2

49 dm2

Lets Do This

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

25 cm2

16 cm2

18 cm2

75 m2

576 m2

Lets Do More

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

55 mm2

28 cm2

63 m2

58.5 m2

32 dm2

Triangles

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

54 cm2

60 m2

18 m2

49 mm2

220 dm2

34

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