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Module 85

MATH
AREA OF A TRIANGLE

A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development

To the Learner
Hey! How did you find the activities in finding the
perimeter of some polygons?
Its now time for you to explore more to learn in finding
the arc of those polygons.

Lets Learn This


Deriving formula for finding the area of a triangle.

Lets Try This


Find the area of the following. Write your answers in your
notebook.

1)

2)

S = 9 cm

3)

w = 8 dm
l = 14 dm

4)

length
width
A

5)

side of a square =
A
=
____

S = 12 m

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=
=
=

3 cm
15 cm
_____
7 dm

Check your answers with the answer key. If you got a score of 4
or 5, you may now proceed to this lesson. If not, review your previous
lessons on finding the area of a rectangle and a square.

Lets Study This


Study the situation below.
Given the length and width of a rectangular plywood, Dan and
Robby are instructed by their teacher to cut it into two triangles
equally. What is the area of each triangle? How about the area of
rectangular plywood?
length = 18 cm

width = 12 cm

height = 12 cm

base = 18 cm

You noticed that the length of a rectangle when divided


into two equal triangles becomes the base which is equal to
18cm. The width becomes its height which is equivalent to
12cm.
Recalling the formula in finding the area of a rectangle,

= 18cm x 12cm

= 216 cm2

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When a triangle is divided into two equal triangles, we therefore


say that its area will also be halved. In short, we can have
216 cm2 2 = 108 cm2.
Look at the figure above, the width = height and the length =
base and since, half of the area of a rectangle is the area of a triangle,
we say
A

(base of height)

(18cm x 12cm)

(216cm2)

216 cm2
2

108 cm2

So,

Lets Do This
Find the area of the following triangles

1.
5 cm

b = 10 cm
h = 5 cm

2.
8 cm

10 cm

4 cm

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h = 18 cm

3.

4.

b = 15m
h = 10 m
A = _____

b = 2 cm

5.

b = 48m
h = 12 m
A = _____

Lets Remember This

To find the area of a triangle, we use the formula,


A =
or

1
base x height
2
1
bh
2

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Lets Do More
Find the area of each triangle.

2)

1)

3)
h = 21 m

h = 7 cm

h = 11mm

b = 8 cm

b = 10 mm

b=6m

4) b = 13 m
h=9m
A = _____

5) b = 16 dm
h = 4 dm
A = _____

Lets Test Ourselves


Solve for the area of each triangle.
b=6m
h = 9 cm

1)

2)

3)
h=8m
b = 15 m

b = 12 cm

4)

b = 14 mm
h = 7 mm
A = _____

5) b = 20 dm
h = 22 dm
A = _____

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h=6m

Answer Key

Lets Try This


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

81 cm2
112 cm2
144 cm2
45 cm2
49 dm2

Lets Do This

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

25 cm2
16 cm2
18 cm2
75 m2
576 m2

Lets Do More
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

55 mm2
28 cm2
63 m2
58.5 m2
32 dm2

Lets Test Ourselves


Triangles
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

54 cm2
60 m2
18 m2
49 mm2
220 dm2

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