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Professional Practice

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The third phase of an architect's regular services.


Project financing falls under what kind of service of the architect.
Comprehensive planning falls under what service of the architect.
The fee of the architect for design-build services on a guaranteed maximum cost aside
from his fee for regular design services.
What percentage of an architect's work is liability under the civil code.
For interior design services, the architect shall be paid what percentage of the fee upon
submission of the final design.
When the owner fails to implement the plans and documents for construction as
prepared by the architect, the architect is entitled to receive what percentage of his fee.
The minimum fee per appearance of an architect when rendering service as an expert
witness shall be.
The minimum basic fee for specialized decorative building.
The minimum basic fee for industrial buildings with a project cost below 50 million pesos.
The minimum basic fee for hospitals with a project cost below 50 million pesos.
In design-build services, the single-point-responsibility of project delivery puts the legal
liability for both the design and construction on the.
The release of 10% retention by the owner shall be done after how many months from
the date of final payment.
Printed documents stipulating the procedural and administrative aspect of the contract.
An outline specification enumerating the type and trade names of materials to be used.
A price given by a contractor, sub-contractor, material supplier or vendor to furnish
materials, labor or both.
A statement from the architect confirming the amount of money due the contractor for
work accomplished.
A bond furnished by the contractor and his surety as a guarantee to execute the work in
accordance with the terms of the contract.
An offer to perform the work prescribed in a contract at a specified cost.
The fee of the architect for design-build services by administration.
A stipulation of the use of specific products or processes without provision for substitution.
A list of instructions stipulating the manner on which bids are to be prepared.
The performance and Payment Bonds shall be released by the owner after the expiration
of how many months from the final acceptance of the work.
The Guarantee Bond is released how many months after the date of final payment.
How many days shall the Building Official issue a certificate of occupancy after final
inspection of the project.
A statute specifying the period of time within which legal action must be brought for
alleged damage or injury.
A bond, the form or content of which is prescribed by statute.
A rule that certain kinds of contracts are enforceable unless signed and in writing or
unless there is a written memorandum of their terms signed by the party to be charged.
A contract transferring the right of possession of buildings, property, etc., for a fixed
period of time, usually for periodical compensation called 'rent'.
A tenure by lease; real estate held under a lease.
The person receiving a possessory interest in buildings, property, etc., by lease.
The person granting a possessory interest in buildings, property, etc., by lease.
Range of the multiplier for Multiple of Direct Personnel Expense.
This type of compensation is only applied to non-creative work.

35 Supervision Work is a non-creative work, true or false.


36 A world-wide used method of compensation for architectural services.
37 This method of compensation is applied only to pre-design services, supervision work,
and other works which the Architect may perform other than the regular and specialized
allied services.
38 This type of compensation is similar to the concept being charged by realtors,
developers, and lawyers.
39 For reimbursable expenses, how many kilometers from the Architect's office shall a work
be located to allow reimbursable expenses.
40 This method of compensation is frequently used where there is continuing relationship
on a series of projects.
41 The full-time construction inspector shall be under the technical control and supervision
of the ___.
42 Submission of shop drawings shall be accompanied by a ___ in duplicate.
43 How many sets of shop drawings for approval shall the contractor submit to the Architect?
44 Who shall have the responsibility of securing, but not liable for non-issuance, of the final
occupancy permit.
45 True or false, can the owner relegate to the contractor the responsibility of establishing
the lot lines, boundary lines, easements, and benchmarks provided that the owner pays
the contractor for such works?
46 Who shall have the responsibility for establishing lot lines, boundary lines, easements,
and benchmarks?
47 Who shall pay for the services of a licensed surveyor for confirmation and certification of
the location of column centers, piers, walls, pits, trenches, pipe work, culvert work, utility
lines, and other similar works required by the contract.
48 Professional Fee for the Architect as a full-time supervisor.
49 Professional fee for the Construction Manager.
50
Four types of Contracts for construction management

Contract documents phase


Pre-design services
Specialized allied services
10%
10%
50%

PHP 500.00
12%
6%
8%
Architect
3 months
General conditions
Schedule of material and finishes
Quotation
Certificate of payment
Performance bond
Bid
7%
Closed specification
Instruction to bidders
2 months
12 months / 1 yr
30 days
Statute of Limitation
Statutory Bond
Statute of Frauds
Lease
Leasehold
Lessee
Lessor
2-2.5
Multiple of Direct
Personnel Expenses
1
Percentage of Construction Cost
Multiple of Direct
Personnel
Expenses
Percentage of Construction Cost
50 kms.
Professional Fee Plus Expenses
Architect
Letter of transmittal
3
Contractor
1
Owner
Contractor
1-1.5%
1.5-3%
Firm Fixed Price
Fixed Price Incentive
CPIF / CPAF
Cost Plus Fixed Fee
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Professional Practice
51 Under PD 1096, what should be the proportion of sidewalk width to that of the road rightof-way?
52 At what interest rate per month should a client pay the architect should the former fail to
pay the latter beyond 30 days from receipt of billing?
53 What code holds the architect responsible for the building/structure he designed for a
certain period of time.
54 What type of compensation is applied to cases where the architect's personal time is
required, such as conferences, joint venture activities, etc.?
55 What type of bond guarantees payment on all obligations arising from the contract?
56 What type of compensation is applied to most of Gov't projects and entails more paper
works and is advantageous to both client and architect.
57 Professional Fee for the Project Manager.
58 If the Project Manager is hired by the owner, who shall have the responsibility of hiring
the Construction Manager?
59 True or false, based on the Civil Code, the Project Manager has no legal responsibility
insofar as design and construction is concerned.
60 His primary responsibility is the exercise of overall cost control which relieves the owner
of many of the anxieties that usually beset , particularly those concerned with forecasting
cost and completion dates.
61 In the architect's code of ethics, to whom does the architect has responsibility to seek
opportunities for constructive service in civic and urban affairs?
62 What PD created the PRC which regulates the practice of various professionals.
63 Architect XYZ uses paid advertisements without sanction by professional consensus and
years of experience. His action is unethical with respect to his relation to whom?
64 Additional information on contract documents issued to bidders before date of bidding.
65 The offer of a bidder to perform the work described by the contract documents when made
out and submitted on the prescribed proposal form, properly signed and sealed.
66 The cashier's check or surety bond accompanying the proposal submitted by the bidder,
as a guarantee that the bidder will enter into a contract with the owner for the construction
of the work, if the contract is awarded to him.
67 Instructions which may be issued prior to the bidding to supplement and/or modify
drawings, specifications, and/or general conditions of the contract.
68 Written or printed description of work to be done describing qualities of material and mode
of construction.
69 Means information, advice or notification pertinent to the project delivered in person or
sent by registered mail to the individual, firm or corporation at the last known business
address of such individual, firm or corporation.
70 Includes labor or materials or both as equipment, transportation, or other facilities
necessary to commence and complete the construction called for in the contract.
71 Means to build-in, mount in position, connect or apply any object specified ready for the
intended use.
72 Means to purchase and/or fabricate and deliver to jobsite.
73 Means to furnish and install.
74 No further retention shall be made on the balance of the contract when how many percent
of the contract has been completed?
75 No payment shall be made on contracts in excess of how many percent of the contract
price.
76 The guarantee bond is equal to how many percent of the contract price?
77 How many percent of the architect's fee is payable to the architect upon completion of the
preparation of the schematic design phase and up to final design development phase?
78 Standard factor computed for changes and/or revisions made on completed contracts.
79 Approximately, how many square meters of office space for the architect is built by the
contractor as temporary facilities for the project.
80 All trees and other plants that need to be transplanted elsewhere within ___ meters
shall be done by the ___ at his own expense.
81 If there is a variance/discrepancy between the drawings and specifications, what shall
be followed?
82 How many days prior to bidding shall the contractor seek the architect's
clarification as to the particular areas of work which requires evaluation of the architect?
83 How many days upon written notice can a contractor terminate a contract with a valid
reason?
84 Suspension of work for ___ days by order of any court or other public authority through
no act or fault of the contractor gives the him the right to terminate contract.
85 True or false, the contractor can terminate contract if the owner should fail to pay the
contractor any sum within 15 days after its award by arbitration
86 True or false, the contractor can terminate contract if the owner should fail to act upon
any request for payment within 30 days after its certification by the architect.
87 Who declares bankruptcy as a valid reason for the termination of a contract?
88 True or false, upon termination of contract and upon the decision of the architect that
materials and equipment left by the contractor which do not belong to him can be used
and rent of such shall be borne by the failing contractor.
89 True or false, in case of suspension of work, all unpaid work executed including expenses
incurred during suspension shall be evaluated by the architect and charged to the owner.
90 True or false, the owner has no right to claim liquidated damages if he takes over the
work from the contractor for failure to complete the project.
91 How many days prior to canceling an insurance be given to the owner stipulating the
intention to cancel?
92 How many percent of the contract amount is the Performance Bond?
93 How many percent of the contract amount is the Payment Bond?

(1/6)
2%
Civil Code
Per Diem+Reimb. Expenses
Payment Bond
Lump Sum / Fixed Fee
2-5%
Project Manager
1
Project Manager
Public / People
PD 223
People / Public
Bid Bulletin
Proposal
Proposal Bond
Special Provisions
Specifications
Written Notice
Work
Install
Furnish
Provide
50%
65%
30%
30%
2.5
12 sqm.
50 / Contractor
Specifications
15 Days
15 Days

90 Days
False (30 days)
False (15 days)
Contractor
1
1
0
10 days
15%
15%
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Professional Practice
94 A contract provision setting forth the damages a party must pay in the event of his breach.
95 Basic Fee for Physical Planning Type 1 or site such as industrial estates, commercial
centers, sports complex, resorts, etc.
96 Predecessor of PD 1096
97 What presidential decree institutionalized the profession of environmental planning?
98 It is a right enforceable against specific property to secure payment of an obligation.
99 Minimum basic fee for simple projects.
100 Minimum basic fee for alterations/renovations.
101 When the architect is engaged to render opinion or advise, clarification or explanation
on technical matters pertaining to his profession, the minimum basic fee shall be ___.
102 When rendering service as an expert witness, the architect is compensated ___/ hr.
103 Minimum basic fee for Group 5 Projects (monumental).
104 What is Group 6 Project classification?
105
Minimum Basic fee for housing projects.
106
107
108
109
110
111

112
113
114
115

Under what classification of Project does Hospitals and Medical Buildings fall?
Under what classification of Project does Stadium fall?
Minimum Per diem paid to the architect if work is beyond 50 kms. From office.
On the remaining 15% work fee of the architect, where does the 5% go.
Repairs and corrective works at the expense of the contractor should be done within how
many days after written notice by owner?
Failure on the part of the contractor to remove condemned work shall give the owner right
to remove said work at contractor's exepense and contractor shall pay the owner the
expenses incurred within how many days from removal by the owner of said work?
Contract time reckoning shall commence on the ___ from receipt of ___.
An area of a city where municipal buildings are grouped.
Any article of property not consisting of or affixed to land plus any interest in land that is
less than a freehold.
No person who is not a citizen of the Philippines may take the board exams or practice
the profession unless the country of his relation allows the same ___.

FIRE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES


set offs explosives
explosive compound produced by the reaction of nitric acid w/ cellulose material
plastic substance having cellulose nitrate as base
flash point above 37.8 C or 100 F
liquid causes fire when contact with organic matter
produces a rapid drop of temperature in immediate surroundings
in air duct system; device to restrict the passage of smoke or fire
first raising the temperature to separate the more volatile from the less
extremely hot luminous bridge of an electric current
a hot piece or lump after a material is burned
active principle of burning
minimum temperature at which materials give off vapor to form ignitable mixture with air
a piece of metal is heated prior to changing its shapes or dimensions
stable explosive compounds which explodes by percussion
a rocket or liquid propellant when fuels and oxiders combined
materials that readily yields oxygen in quantities sufficient to support combustion
descriptive of any substance that ignites spontaneously when exposed to air
impurities or deleterious material remove from a mixture to produce pure element
melting or fusing of metallic ores to separate impurities from pure metals
R.A. 545
AGREEMENT
GENERAL CONDITIONS
SPECIAL PROVISIONS
SPECIFICATIONS

Penalty Clause
5,000 for First 50 Hectares
R.A. 6451
PD 1308
Liens
6%
50%
200 / hr
500
12%
Repetitive Construction
10% of 1st unit
60% 2nd-10th Unit
30% 11th and above
Group 3 (Exceptional Character)
Group 3 (Exceptional Character)
PHP 750.00
Construction Phase Service
5 days
10 days
7th day / Notice to Proceed
Civic Center
Chattel
Reciprocity

BLASTING AGENT
CELLULOSE NITRATE
PYROXYLIN
COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID
CORROSIVE LIQUID
CRYOGENIC
DAMPER
DISTILLATION
ELECTRIC ARC
EMBER
FIRE
FLASH POINT
FORGING
FULMINATE
HYPERGOLIC FUEL
OXIDIZING MATERIAL
PYROPHORIC
REFINING
SMELTING

CONTRACT DOCUMENTS

DRAWINGS
full time construction inspector
offer of the bidder to perform the work
cashier's check or surety bond with proposal submitted by the bidder
that he will enter in the contract with the owner
approved form of the contractor and his surety to execute the work
approved form of the contractor and his surety to pay all obligations
guarantee to the quality of materials and equipment installed
contract between the owner and the contractor; including all supplemental
agreements thereto and all general and special provisions
invitaton issued to prospective bidders, giving information to the project
additional information on contract documents
list of instructions stipulating the manner on how bids are to be prepared
and conditions for the award of contract
graphical representation of the work involved in the project
printed materials stipulating the procedural and adminitrative aspects of contract
instruction which may be issued prior to the bidding to supplement and or
modify drawings, specifications and general conditions
written or printed description of work to be done describing the qualities of
materials and mode of construction

PROJECT REP.
PROPOSAL
PROPOSAL BOND (5%)
PERFORMANCE BOND (15%)
PAYMENT BOND
GUARANTEE BOND
AGREEMENT
INVITATION TO BID
BID BULLETIN
INSTRUCTION TO BIDDERS
DRAWINGS
GENERAL CONDITIONS
SPECIAL PROVISIONS
SPECIFICATIONS

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Professional Practice
additional information which may be issued as an additon or ammendment
to the provisions of specifications
outline specification enumerating the type or trade names of materials
to be used
listing of the different parts of the work indicating in each part the
corresponding value in materials and labor; including allowance for
profit and overhead
information advice or notification pertinent to the project delivered.
earthquake, flood, typhoon, catalysmic phenomena of nature
duration of time allowed by the contractor for the completion of the project
labor or materials or both as well as equipment, transportation or other facilities
purchase or fabricate
build in, mount in position, connect or apply any object specified ready for
the intended used
furnish and install

SUPPLEMENTARY SPECS.
SCHED. OF MATERIALS
AND FINISHES
BREAKDOWN OF WORK AND
CORRESPONDING VALUE
WRITTEN NOTICE
ACT OF GOD OR
FORCE MAJEURE
TIME LIMITS
WORK
FURNISH
INSTALL
PROVIDE

B.P. 220 (ECONOMIC SOCIALIZED HOUSING)


BASIC NEEDS OF HUMAN SETTLEMENT
WATER
MOVEMENT AND CIRCULATION
STORM AND DRAINAGE
SOLID AND LIQUID WASTE DISPOSAL
POWER
PARK/PLAYGROUND
SUITABILITY OF SITE
PHYSICAL SUITABILITY
SLOPE
AVAILABILITY OF BASIC NEEDS
CONFORMITY WITH ZONING ORDINANCES or LAND USE PLAN
REQUIRED AREA OF DENSITY
1%
1.50%
2.00%

HECTARES
150
151-225
225 ABOVE

REQUIRED AREA FOR PARKS


3.50%
7%
9%

HECTARES
150 BELOW
151-225
ABOVE 225

PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS ON CIRCULATION LAYOUT


hierarchy of road
natural topography
consideration for acess and safety
no. of lots to lessen area for roads
no duplication of street signs
no sidewalk when there is open canal
OPEN SPACE REQUIREMENTS
interior lot
inside lot
corner/through lots
3 sides public open space
FIREWALL

minimum open space requirement from density 60-100


minimum size of pocket parks
potable water supply per capita per day
if independent from the developer
far away from pollution or source of contamination
difference between developed and undeveloped area on circulation
not necessary in suitability of site of economic socialized housing
minimum lot area- single detached
minimum lot area- semi detached corner lot
minimum lot area- semi detached rowhouse
minimum lot frontage- single detached
minimum lot frontage- semi detached corner lot
minimum lot frontage- semi detached rowhouse
maximum block length
provide an alley
maximum block length provided by an alley
maximum block length provided by pathwalk
height limitation
minimum horiizontal dimension of courts
minimum size of passageway or street

50%
20%
10%
5%
0.30 m extension from roof
no openings
one hour fire-resistant

30%
100 sqm
43 li.
75 li
25 mts.
TYPE OF PAVEMENT
SLOPE
72 sqm
54 sqm
36 sqm
8m
6m
3.5 m
250 m
250 up to 400 m
150 m
100 m
2 STOREY
2.00 m
1.20 m
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Professional Practice
floor area requirement for single family dwelling unit
minimum ceiling heights
minimum ceiling heights of mezzanine
mezzanine shall not cover the floor area in %
minimum door clear height
minimum door clear height for mezzanine and bathroom
opening of main door
service door/bedroom
bathroom
window opening and floor area
window opening and floor area of bathroom
stairway clear width
maximum riser height
minimum tread width
headroom clearances
maximum height between landings
maximum number of risers w/o handrail
handrail measurement
minimum clearance of handrail to wall
minimum tread of winding stair from 300 mm side
maximim variation in tread and risers
maximim distance between landings required of ladder
electrical requirements
2 units abut each other is re required of
non residential shall not exceed from residential
minimum distance between two dwelling units
minimum distance of roof eaves between two dwelling units
minimum distance between two dwelling units (3-4 storeys)
minimum roof eaves distance of two dwelling units (3-4 storeys)
minimum distance between two dwelling units (more than 4 storeys)
minimum horizontal distance of two dwelling units (more than 4 storeys)
minimum roof eaves distance of two dwelling units (more than 4 storeys)
minimum parking requirement
minimum floor area for multi family dwellin units
exit width w/ occupant load of 50 or less
for every additional occupant load of 25
maximum exit of travel
maximum exit of travel if there is fire extinguisher
maximum dead end corridors
maximum corridor of an interior corridor
maximum allowable slope ramps with 300mm changes in elevation
clear width of stair w/ 2 or more living units
maximum landing width; equal to run
with 3.00 m width of stair
with 3.00 m-3.50 m stair width
above the nosing or tread
maximum distance of travel when above one storey
for 4 or more building storey in height w/ roof slope not greater than 1:3
headroom clearances
lifespan of indigeneous materials
P.D.957 (SUBDIVISION LAW)
a public way intended to serve for pedestrians and emergency vehicles
a parcel of land bounded on the sides by the streets or alleys o pathways
a single family attached dwelling containing 3 or more separate living units
a wall w/c seperates two abutting living units as to resist the spread of fire
a fireblock which extends vertically from the lowest portion of the wall
a wall jointly used by two parties under easements agreement
shall cover of each phase

20 sqm
2.00 m
1.80 m
50%
2.00 m
1.80 m
.80 m
.70 m
.60 m
10 % opening
1 over 20
.60 m
.25 m
.20 m
2.00 m
3.60 m
4 steps
.80 m - 1.20 m
38 mm
150 mm
5 mm
1.80 m
1 light and 1 conv. outlet
4" thk fireblock
25%
4.00 m
1.5
6.00 m
2.00 m
10.00 m
6.00 m
1.00 m
1 for every 20 units
36.00 sqm
.80 m
plus .15 m
45.00 m
60.00 m
12 m
25%
15%
.90 m
1.20 m
one handrail
two handrails
.80 m - 1.00 m
24.00 m
one stairwell
2.00 m
25 years

ALLEY
BLOCK
CLUSTER HOUSING
FIREBLOCK
FIREWALL
PARTYWALL
10 hectares

4 COPIES FOR SUBDIVISION PLANS


SIMPLE SUBDIVISION PROJECT
SDP AND TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEY
VICINITY MAP
TAX DECLARATION
COMPLEX SUBDIVISION PLAN
PRELIMINARY
SDP
VICINITY MAP
APPROVAL OF PRELIMINARY PLAN
FINAL
FINAL SUBDIVISION PLAN (1 YEAR VALIDITY)
ENGINEERING PLAN
TOPOGRAPHIC PLAN
DESIGN STANDARDS FOR SUBDIVISION PROJECTS
MINIMUM LOT SIZES
rowhouse
duplex
single detached

50 sqm
150 sqm
100 sqm
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Professional Practice

FRONTAGE
Model A and B
Model C
irregular lot
rowhouse
minimum width of alley after 250m block
maximim length of blocklength

10 m
8m
6m
4m
4.00 m
400 m

ROADS FOR MODEL A


MAJOR ROADS
carriageway
planting strip
sidewalks
COLLECTOR ROADS
carriageway
planting strip
sidewalks
SERVICE ROAD
carriageway
planting strip
sidewalks

15.00 m
10.00 m
1.20 m
1.30 m
12.50 m
8.50 m
1.20 m
.80 m
10.00 m
6.00 m - 6.50 m
1.20 m
.80 m

ROADS FOR MODEL B


MAJOR ROADS
carriageway
planting strip
sidewalks
MINOR ROADS
carriageway
planting strip
sidewalks

10.00 m
6.00 m
.80 m
1.20 m
8.00 m
6.00 m
.40 m
.60 m

ROADS FOR MODEL C


MAJOR ROADS
carriageway
planting strip
sidewalks
MINOR ROADS
carriageway
planting strip
sidewalks

8.00 m
6.00 m
.40 m
.60 m
6.50 m
4.50 m
.40 m
.60 m

DESIGN STANDARDS FOR CONDOMINIUM PROJECTS


dwelling unit (household)
occupancy unit (single)
parking slot
not more than the building it serves
parks and playground
4 floors
5-6 floors
7 floors and up
required area of playgrounds/parks for every 1,000 sqm

40 sqm
31 sqm
1 slot / unit
100 m
50 sqm/10 units
3 sqm/additional unit
optional
1 elevator
2 elevators
100 sqm

BASIC PHYSICAL PLANNING REQUIREMENTS

ACCESSIBILITY
REACHEABILITY
USABILITY
ORIENTATION
SAFETY
WORKABILITY

features that enable the disable person to make use of the primary function
a small recess space in a room or a wall
a break in the sidewalk or traffic island provided w/ an inclined surface to
facilitate mobility of wheelchair
the degree of inclination of the sloped surface expressed in ratio
a sloped surface connecting two or more surface at different levels
a paved footwalk at the side of the street
a strip fastened to the floor usually required to cover the joint where two
types of floor materials meet
an exterior passage for walking along
width of walkway to permit a person in wheelchair to traverse it w/ safety
maximum dimension of turn about spaces
maximum distance between restop
width of corridor for person to traverse w/ wheelchair
entrance depth w/ vestibule
structural opening of door entrances
clear opening of door entrances
minimum dimension of floor area of toilet

ACCESSIBLE
ALCOVE
CURB CUT OUT
GRADIENT OF RAMP
RAMP
SIDEWALK
THRESHOLD
WALKWAY
1.20 m
1.50 m
3.00 m
1.20 m
3.00 m
1.00 m
.80 m
1.70 m x 1.80 m
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Professional Practice
minimum dimension of floor area of elevator
minimum width of door elevator
centerline height of topmost buttons of elevator and floor switches
maximum gradient of ramp
maximum length for 1:12 ramp
minimum length of landing for the 1:12 ramp
level area at the top and bottom of any ramp
handrail level on both edges
length of extension in a handrail from ramp
height of curbs in a ramp
parking slot width
maximum height of tresholds
provision of one fountain
height of the rim of the fountain from the floor
unobstructed clear space for public telephones
height of dialling from floor of a telephone booth
clear opening of telephone booths
regular buses
air conditioned bus
passenger trains
passenger airplanes
4-50 seating capacity
51-300 seating capacity
301-500 seating capacity

1.10 m x 1.40 m
.80 m
.90 m - 1.20 m
1:12
6.00 m
1.50 m
1.80 m
.70 and .90
.30 m
50 mm
3.70 m
2.5 mm
1 for 2,000 sqm
0.85 m
1.50 m x 1.50 m
1.10 m
.80 m
5 seats
4 seats
6 seats
2 seats
2 seats
4 seats
6 seats

NATIONAL BUILDING CODE


a written authorizaton granted by the building official to an applicant allowing
him to him proceed with the construction
all on site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation,
installation in place of components of a building or structure
any new construction which increases the height or the area of an existing
bulding
installation of all components of a building or structure
construction in a buiding/structure involving, changing in the materials used
partitioning, location, size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities
and equipment but does not increase its overall area thereof
any physical change made on a building to increase its value, utility or to
improve its aesthetic quality
a change in the use or occupancy of the building or any portion thereof
which has different requirement
remedial work on any damaged or deterirated portion of a building to
restore its original condition
the transfer of any building structure portion thereof from its original
location or position to another, either on the same lot or to either one
sytematic dismantling or destruction of a building in whole or part
a secondary building located within the same premises the use of which is
incidental to that of the main building

BUILDING PERMIT
CONSTRUCTION
ADDITON
ERECTION
ALTERATION
RENOVATION
CONVERSION
REPAIR
MOVING
DEMOLITION
ANCILLARY BUILDING

Page 7 of 50

Fire Code of the Philippines


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Minimum exit door width.


Minimum floor to ceiling height.
Maximum stair rise height for a class A stair.
Maximum height between landings for class A stair.
Minimum headroom for class A & B stairs.
Unit area per person for waiting areas or standing rooms.
Number of exits for place of assembly for 1000 occupants
Travel distance to an exit without fire sprinkler system.
Travel distance to an exit with fire sprinkler system.

10 Minimum spacing of rows of seats from back to back for a public assembly building.
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

Maximum number of seats in a row in between aisles.


Maximum number of seats in a row opening on to an aisle at one side.
Standard width of a seat without dividing arms for places of assembly.
Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of 60.
Minimum headroom created by any projection from the ceiling.
Minimum clear width of turnstiles.
Minimum dimension of landings in direction of travel for class A & B stairs.
Minimum number of risers in any one (1) flight of stairs.
Minimum height of a handrail above the upper surface of the tread.
Minimum clearance of a handrail from any wall.
Minimum height of a guard rail.
Maximum height of a guard rail.
Minimum inner radius of a monumental stair.
Minimum width of any balcony or bridge.
Minimum width of a class A ramp.
Maximum rise of any floor from the balcony floor to which an access door leads.
Maximum vertical height in floors for an escalator.
Minimum width of a fire escape stair for existing stairs.
Minimum width of landing for a fire escape stair for existing stairs.
Minimum tread for a fire escape stair for small buildings.
Maximum rise of fire escape stair for a small building.
Maximum rise of fire escape stair for existing stairs.
Maximum height between landings for a fire escape stair for existing stairs.
Minimum headroom clearance for a fire escape stair for existing stairs.
Minimum headroom clearance for a fire escape stair for small buildings.
Number of exits for place of assembly for 600-1000 occupants.
Maximum occupant load for a class C public assembly.
Minimum number of exit for an Institutional type of structure.
Maximum travel distance between room door intended as exit access and exit with sprinkler
system for institutional use.

0.71 mtr.
2.30 mts.
0.19 mtr.
2.75 mts.
2.00 mts.
0.28 sqm.
4
46.00 mts.
61.00 mts.
0.83 mtr.
14
7
60 cms.
91 cms.
2.00 mts.
56 cms.
112 cms.
3
76 cms.
38 mm.
91 cms.
106 cms.
7.50 mts.
112 cms.
112 cms.
20.3 cms
1floor
55.9 cms.
55.9 cms.
15.25 cms.
30.5 cms.
22.9 cms.
3.66 mts.
2.13 mts.
1.98 mts.
3
50-300
2
30 mts.

40 Maximum travel distance from the door of any room to exit for hotels with sprinkler.

30 mts.

41 Maximum travel distance from the main entrance door to exit for apartments with sprinkler.

31 mts.

42 Minimum increase in width for an aisle per linear meter.

2.5 cms.

43

Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of 60 or more serving one side for a public
assembly building.

91 cms.

44

Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of 60 or more serving two sides for a public
assembly building.

1.00 mtr.

45 Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of below 60 for a public assembly building.
46 Minimum width of an aisle for an educational use building.
47 Minimum width of an aisle for hospitals or nursing homes.
Page 8 of 50

76 cms.
1.80 mts.
2.44 mts.

Fire Code of the Philippines


48 Minimum width of an aisle for custodial care institutions.
49 Minimum width of an aisle for business use structure.
50 Minimum width of an aisle for an industrial building.

Page 9 of 50

1.83 mts.
112 cms.
112 cms.

Fire Code of the Philippines


51 Occupant load per person for laboratories.
52 Jails are classified under what classification of occupancy.
53 Courtrooms with an occupant load of more than 100 are classified under what
classification of occupancy.
54

Armories with an occupant load of more than 100 are classified under what classification of
occupancy

55 Libraries are classified under what classification of occupancy.


56 Rooms where baled, bundled or piled materials segregated into desired sizes or groups.
57 Buildings or structures 15 meters or more in height.
58 Buildings or structures used for the storage of explosives, shells, projectile, etc.
59

An air compartment or chamber to which 1 or more ducts are connected and which form part
of an air distribution system.

60 A kind of stable explosive compound which explodes by percussion.


61 Descriptive of any substance that ignites spontaneously when exposed to air.
62 A material that readily yields oxygen in quantities sufficient to stimulate or support
combustion.
63 A process where a piece of metal is heated prior to changing its shape and dimension.
64 The process of first raising the temperature to separate the more volatile from the less
volatile parts and then cooling and condensing the result vapor so as to produce a nearly
purified substance.
65 A finely powdered substance which, when mixed with air in the proper proportion and
ignited will cause an explosion.
66 Temperature rating at flash point.
67 A class of fire with flammable liquid and gasses.
68 The temperature at which a liquid is transformed or converted into vapor.
69 Minimum fire resistance rating for a firewall.
70 A continuous passageway for the transmission of air.
71 The minimum temperature at which any material gives off vapor in sufficient
concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air.
72 A gas, fume or vapor used for the destruction or control of insects, fungi, vermin, germs,
rodents or other pests.
73 Minimum width of any driveway in and around a lumber yard / piles.
74 Minimum height of fence for a lumber yard for exterior storage of lumbers.
75 Maximum width of sumps for the retention of oil and petroleum products.
For Refineries, distilleries, and chemical plants, the minimum height for a fence.
76 Minimum travel distance from any individual room subject to occupancy by not more
6 persons.
77 Maximum distance of travel from the high hazard area to an exit.
78 Minimum distance of an incinerator from any structure used other than a single family
dwelling.
79 Maximum reduction in width of a stair by a handrail.
80 Minimum door width of a single door in a door way.
81 Maximum change in elevation between the interior of a door to the outside of it other than
a balcony.
82 Maximum force in kilograms required for a panic hardware.
83 Maximum height required for a panic hardware installation.
84 Minimum height required for a panic hardware installation.
85 Maximum number of occupant for a subdivided room or space by a folding partition.
86 Minimum width of a door for family day care homes.
87 Minimum stair width for a class B stair serving an occupant load of less than 50.
88 Length of a nosing or effective projection over the level immediately below it for tread
below 25 cms in dimension.
89 Maximum height of a handrail.
90 A combustible liquid is any liquid having a flash point at or above.

Page 10 of 50

4.60 sqm.
Institutional
Assembly
Assembly
Business
Picking rooms.
High rise building
Explosive magazine
Plenum
Fulminate
Phyrophoric
Oxidizing material
Forging
Distillation
Dust
37.8 oC (100 oF)
Class B
Boiling Point
4 hrs.
Duct System
Flash Point
Fumigant
4.50 mts.
1.80 mts.
3.70 mts.
1.50 mts.
15.00 mts.
23.00 mts.
3.00 mts.
9 cms.
71 cms.
20.5 cms.
7 kgs.
112 cms.
76 cms.
20
61 cms.
91 cms.
25 mm
86.5 cms.
37.8 oC (100 oF)

Fire Code of the Philippines


91 The time duration that a material or construction can withstand the effect of standard
fire test is known as.
92 Any material which by its nature or as a result of its reaction with other elements
produces a rapid drop in temperature of the immediate surrounding.
93 Classified as mercantile occupancies, the travel distance from exits shall be.
94 Under what classification of occupancy does pool rooms fall.
95 Under what classification of occupancy does home for the aged fall.
96 Under what classification of occupancy does court houses fall.
97 Under what classification of occupancy does refineries fall.
98 Under what classification of occupancy does drugstores fall.
99 Minimum width of an aisle in a store for mercantile occupancies.
100 Minimum number of aisles for Class 'A' stores.
101 Minimum clear width of aisles for a Class 'A' store.
102 Minimum clear width of an exit access through a covered mall.
103 Minimum height of buildings requiring automatic sprinkler protection.
104 Standard inner radius of a curved stair in business occupancies.
105 Maximum height of riser for Class 'A' stairs.
106 Maximum height of riser for Class 'B' Stairs.
107 Minimum width of stair for Class 'B' stairs serving more than 50 persons.
108 Minimum width of stair for Class 'B' stairs serving 50 persons and below.
109 Maximum horizontal projection of a handrail over a stair.
110 Minimum width of a stair width for Class 'A' stairs.
111 Maximum height between landings for a Class 'B' stairs.
112 Minimum width of landings in direction of travel for Class 'A / B' stairs.
113 Minimum width of Class 'A' ramp.
114 Minimum width of Class 'B' ramp.
115 Standard slope of Class 'B' ramp in percentage.
116 Maximum height between landings for Class 'A' ramp.
117 Maximum height between landings for Class 'B' ramp.
118 Minimum width of ramps of 3 stories or more in height.
119 Minimum width for fire escape for existing stairs.
120 Minimum horizontal dimension of any landing of platform for existing stairs for fire escape.
121 Maximum rise for a fire escape for very small buildings.
122 Maximum height between landings for fire escape for existing stairs.
123 Minimum distance travel to an exit for storage occupancies of high hazard commodities.
124 Class of fire involving combustible metals, such as magnesium, sodium, potassium, and
other similar materials.
125 Class of fire involving ordinary combustible materials, such as wood, papers, cloth,
rubber, and plastics.
126 A tank, vat or container of flammable or combustible liquid in which articles or materials
are immersed for the purpose of coating, finishing, treating or similar processes.
127 An integrated system of under ground or overhead piping or both connected to a source
of extinguishing agents or medium and designed in accordance with fire protection
engineering standards which when actuated by its automatic detecting device,
suppresses fire within the area protected.
128 A continuous and unobstructed route of exit from any point in a building to a public way.
129 Minimum distance of an incinerator containing kindled fire or rubbish fire or bonfires.
130 Under what classification of occupancy does museums fall?
131 Under what classification of occupancy does town halls fall?
132 Maximum width of a single door in a doorway.
133 Minimum tread for a fire escape stair for existing stairs.
134 Maximum spacing of rungs for a fire escape ladder.
135 Minimum spacing of rungs for a fire escape ladder.
136 Class III combustible liquids shall mean any liquid having a flash point at how many
degrees Celsius?
137 In standard seating, the minimum spacing from back to back.
138 Minimum space from the back of chair to the front of the chair behind.
139 Maximum slope for aisles for public assembly structures.
140 Size of standpipe provided for each stage for public assembly building.
Page 11 of 50

Fire resistance rating


Cryogenic
30.50 mts.
Assembly
Institutional
Business
Industrial
Mercantile
71 cms.
1
1.50 mts.
3.66 mts.
15 mts.
763 cms.
19 cms.
20 cms.
112 cms.
91 cms.
38 mm.
25 mm.
3.70 mts.
112 cms.
112 cms.
76 cms.
10-17%
No limit
3.66 mts.
1.20 mts.
55.9 cms.
55.9 cms.
30.5 cms.
3.66 mts.
23 mts.
Class D
Class A
Dip Tank
Automatic
Fire
Suppression
System
Means of Egress
5.00 mts.
Assembly
Business
1.22 mts.
22.9 cms.
30.5 cms.
25 cms.
60 oC
0.83 mtr.
30 cms.
(1:8) 12.5%
63.5 mm.

Fire Code of the Philippines


141 Occupant load per person for classrooms.
142 Where exterior corridors or balconies are provided as means of exit, they shall open to the
outside and shall be spaced ___ meters apart. (Educational)
143 Minimum dimension of a rescue window for educational occupancies.
144 Maximum height from the floor for a rescue window for educational occupancies.
145 Minimum width of corridors, aisles, and ramps for exits in hospitals and nursing homes.
146 Minimum width of corridors, aisles, and ramps for exits in residential-custodial care.
147 Any room for sleeping in institutional occupancies if subdivided shall have a maximum
area of how many square meters?
148 Includes buildings or groups of building under the same management in which there are
more than 15 sleeping accommodations for hire.
149 Includes buildings containing three or more living units independent cooking and bathroom
facilities, whether designed as rowhouse, apartment house, tenement, garden apartment,
or by any other name.
150 Minimum number of stories of apartment buildings requiring fire alarm system.
151 Minimum number of apartment units requiring fire alarm system.

Page 12 of 50

1.8 sqm.
76.25 mts.
55 cms.
82 cms.
2.44 mts.
1.83 mts.
465 sqm.
Hotel
Apartment Buildings
3
12

Planning

A wide area of parks of undeveloped land surrounding a community.


The process in which a piece of land, referred to as the parent tract, is subdivided into
two or more parcels.
Angles measured clockwise from any meridian, usually north; however, the National
Geodetic Survey uses south.
Usually the last stage of the final site development process prior to issuance of building
permit.
A 20th century problem emanating from rapid urbanization of areas surrounding a city
which eats up the remaining adjacent rural open spaces.
A type of planning which emphasizes that the proper role of the planner is not to serve
the general public interest but rather to serve the interests of the least fortunate or least
well represented groups in society.
In the Philippines, this type of land use planning emphasizes the proper management of
land resources to ensure that the present generation can benefit from its continued use
without compromising future generations.
This code mandates that all Local Government Units shall prepare their comprehensive
land use plans and enact them through zoning ordinances.
Reason for planning.
Phrase used to characterize development that meets the needs of the present
generation without compromising the needs of the future generations.
First Planner and developed the Gridiron.
A locale with a sizeable agglomeration of people having characteristics of an urban being.
The main reason why the nomadic existence of early man metamorphosed to village
settlement and later to the birth of cities.
The rough equivalent of the present tenement cities that existed in ancient Rome, which
resulted from the population growth of the city and the congestion that existed in streets.
In urban geography, a concept where urban settlement is confined to the area within the
legal limits of the city and the congestion and virtually all of this area is occupied by
urban residents.
A Land Development Decision is also what kind of decision.
The orderly arrangement of urban streets and public spaces.
He conceptualized the 'City Beautiful Movement'.
A tool used to control the manner in which raw kind is subdivided and placed on the
marker for residential development.
A profession which falls between planning and architecture. It deals with the large-scale
organization and design of the city, with the massing and organization and the space
between them, but not with the design of the individual buildings.
The science of human settlement.
By definition, settlement inhabited by man.
Planning for roads, bridges, schools, parking structures, pubic buildings, water supply,
and waste disposal facilities.
The container of man, which consists of both the natural and man-made or artificial
element.
A spatial organization concept a general view of the pattern of land use in a city
developed by Ernest W. Burgess. The city is conceived as a series of five concentric
zones with the cores as the central business district and fanning out from which are the
residential and commuter zones.
The remaining space in a lot after deducting the required minimum open spaces.
A habitable room for 1 family only with facilities for living, sleeping, cooking, and eating.
This is a type of a retaining wall made of rectangular baskets made of galvanized steel
wire or pvc coated wire hexagonal mesh which are filled with stones to form a wall.
A very steep slope of rock or clay.
A piece of grassy land, especially one used for growing hay or as pasture for grazing
animals; low grassy land near a river or stream.

Greenbelt
Platting
Azimuths
Final Plat
Urban Sprawl
Advocacy Planning

Sustainable Land Use Planning


Local Government Code, 1991
R.A. 7160
Promote Human Growth
Sustainable Development
Hippodamus of miletus
City
Agricultural Surplus
Insula
Truebounded City
Traffic.
City Planning
Daniel Burnham
Subdivision Regulations
Urban Design
Ekistics
Human Settlement
Capital Facilities Planning
Physical Settlement

Concentric Zone Concept


Buildable Area
Dwelling Unit
Gabion Wall
Cliff
Meadow

Page 13 of 50

Planning

A long, narrow chain of hills or mountains.


A long, deep, narrow valley eroded by running water.
On land, an encumbrance limiting its use, usually imposed for community or mutual
protection.
Of land, a contiguous land area which is considered as a unit, which is subject to a
single ownership, and which is legally recorded as a single piece.
A wall that serves 2 dwelling units, known also as party wall.
Niemeyer believed that relating large areas to each other is freedom as in the planned
city of___.
In architectural terms, it is the relationship of the number of residential structures and
people to a given amount of space.
The government arm responsible for the development and implementation of low cost
housing in the Philippines.
Housing provided for low-income groups generally through government intervention and
characterized by substantial subsidies and direct assistance.
A written agreement between parties, but it allows a specific period during which the
buyer can investigate the property and make a decision.
Sometimes called "subscription money", this is a deposit given to the seller to show that
the potential buyer has serious intentions.
A provision made in advance for the gradual liquidation of a future obligation by periodic
charges against the capital account.
Written document to transfer the property to one person to another.
They develop or improve the land as well as construct houses.
Determines the value of the house and also is familiar with trends in the local market and
in the industry.
Helps people find a place to live, specializing and matching wants of buyers with the
local supply.
Are usually large concrete slabs or otherwise panelized units fabricated in a shop and
assembled at the site.
Codes that deal with the use, occupancy, and maintenance of existing buildings.
Designed to regulate land use, to ban industry and commerce from residential areas and
to separate different types of living units.
Construct three-dimensional volumetric units in a plant on a production line then hauled
to the site.
System building is the complete integration of all ___.
The improvement of slum, deteriorated, and underutilized areas of a city.
An area which is within the city limits, or closely linked to it by common use of public
utilities and services.
Two major hindrances to the prefabrication industry.
Three general types of structures.
A piece of land with an economic use for farming.
Lands for well-being like parks, plazas, and of similar nature.
Similarly as the cost of the land, neighborhood character have this effect.
Minimum road width in a neighborhood development to ease traffic flow.
Which building component receives priority over the location to have the morning sun.
Urban Planning is defined briefly as the guidance of ___.
A lattice structure that serves as a summer house.
In landscaping, ground cover is represented by ___.
The art of arranging buildings and other structures in harmony with the landscape.
The study of the dynamic relationship between a community of organisms and its habitat.
Preparations of an accurate base map for urban planning starts with ___.

Ridge
Ravine
Restriction
Parcel
Common Wall
Brasilia
Density
National Shelter Program
Social Housing
"Option to Buy"
Earnest Money
Amortization
Deed
Developers
Appraiser
Real Estate Broker
Total System
Housing Codes
Zoning
Prefabrication Manufacturer
Subsystems
Urban Renewal
Urban Area
Code of Multiplicities and
Tradition
Primitive
Vernacular
Grand
Productive Use
Health and General Use
Social Implications
6.00 mts.
Bedrooms
Growth and Change
Gazebo
Grass and Plants
Site Planning
Ecology
Accurate Aerial Mosaic

Page 14 of 50

Planning

Appraisal of adequacy of a city's water and sewer systems needs of future land uses are
embodied in the ___.
Also called the blood-stream of a city.
A form of absence of all the principles and organized development of a community.
The city of Washington conforms to the plan type of ___.
An efficient and rapid transport system for automobiles to circulate across urban to urban
areas.
A monument, fixed object, or marker used to designate the location of a land boundary on
the ground.
A narrow passageway bordered by trees, fences, or other lateral barrier
The projection of a future pattern of use within an area, as determined by development
goals.
The part of the surface of the earth not permanently covered by water.
A line of demarcation between adjoining parcels of land.
A survey of landed property establishing or reestablishing lengths and directions of
boundary line.
The study of an existing pattern of use, within an area, to determine the nature and
magnitude of deficiencies which might exist and to assess the potential of the pattern
relative to development goals.
A study and recording of the way in which land is being used in an area.
In surveying, the North-South component of a traverse course.
An open space of ground of some size, covered with grass and kept smoothly mown.
A contract transferring the right of possession of buildings, property, etc., for a fixed
period of time, usually for periodical compensation called 'rent'.
A tenure by lease; real estate held under a lease.

Comprehensive Plan
Transportation System
Urban Blight
Star
Freeways
Landmark
Lane
Land-use Plan
Land
Land Boundary
Land Survey
Land-use Analysis
Land-use Survey
Latitude
Lawn
Lease
Leasehold

Page 15 of 50

Utilities
1 The amount of heat which is absorbed or evolved in changing the state of a substance
without changing its temperature.
2 A system of devices, usually installed below ground level, to scatter or spray water
droplets over a lawn, golf course, or the like.
3 Minimum width of a septic tank.
4 Minimum length of a septic tank.
5 Minimum liquid depth for a septic tank.
6 Maximum liquid depth for septic tank.
7 Minimum capacity, in cubic meters, of the secondary compartment of a septic tank.
8 Minimum dimension of a manhole access to a septic tank.
9 Minimum length of the secondary compartment of a septic tank with a capacity of more
than 6 cubic meters.
10 Wooden septic tanks are allowed, true or false.
11 Minimum distance of a water supply well from a septic tank.
12 Minimum distance of a water supply well from a seepage pit or cesspool.
13 Minimum distance of a water supply well from a disposal field.
14 Minimum Gauge of galvanized sheet used for downspouts.
15 Minimum height of a water seal for each fixture trap.
16 Maximum height of a water seal for each fixture trap.
17 Maximum length of the tailpiece from any fixture.
18 Minimum extension of the VSTR above the roof.
19 Minimum extension of the VSTR above an openable window, door opening, air intake,
or vent shaft.
20 Minimum trap diameter for a bathtub
21 Minimum trap diameter for a shower stall.
22 Required number of water closets for females for an auditorium serving 16-35.
23 Required number of water closets for males for an auditorium serving 16-35.
24 Required number of urinals for an auditorium serving 10-50.
25 Required number of water closets for females for a theater serving 51-100.
26 Classifications of copper pipes.
27 A rough or sharp edge left on metal by a cutting tool.
28 Two types of passenger elevator.
29 Minimum elevator width of single slide door elevator for small commercial or residential
building.
30 A device that is basically a double throw switch of generally 3-pole connection that will
automatically transfer the power from the standby generator to the building circuitry
during electrical power failure.
31
TW in electrical wire specification means.
32
33
34
35
36
37

Another name for passenger elevator.


The minimum face to face distance between elevators in three and four car grouping.
Collection line of a plumbing system is sometimes referred to as.
Maximum height of a dumbwaiter.
A type of lighting that provides illumination to special objects like sculptures, flower
arrangements, etc.
XHHN in wire specification means.

38 Standard length of an electrical metal conduit.


39 An assembly consisting of a pulley wheel, side plates, shaft, and bearings over which a
cable or roped is passed.
40 The other type of flame detector other than the ultraviolet type.
41 PABX or PBX means.
42 Farad is the unit capacity of a ___.
43 Another name for distribution panel.

Latent Heat
Lawn Sprinkler System
90 cms.
1.50 mts.
60 cms.
1.80 mts.
1 cum.
508 mm.
1.50 mts.
0
15.20 mts.
45.70 mts.
30.50 mts.
26
51 mm.
102 mm.
60 cms.
15 cms.
0.90 mtr.
38 mm. (11/2")
51 mm. (2")
3
2
1
4
Rigid and Flexible
Burr
Electric and Hydraulic
0.60 mtr.
Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS)
Moisture resistant, in wet and
dry location
Lift
2 mts.
House Drain
1.20 mts.
Specific Lighting
Moisture and Heat ResistantCross-Linked Thermosetting
10'
Sheave
Infra Red
Pvt. Automatic Branch Exchange
Capacitor
Power Panel

Page 16 of 50

Utilities
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88

Type of plastic pipe other than polyvinyl chloride and polybutylene.


Standard size of wire for a circuit line.
Standard size of wire for a switch line.
A device for converting alternating current to direct current.
Another name for a Rectifier.
A controller sensitive to the degree of moisture in the air.
Another name for Humidistat.
Consist of a flyball or flyweight device designed to stop an elevator.
A stop valve placed in the service pipe close to the connection at the water main.
A vent with a function to provide circulation if air between drainage and vent system.
Flange used on a pipe to cover a hole or opening in a floor or wall which the pipe pass.
Length along the centerline of the pipe and fitting.
A valve used in a flush tank controlling the flushing of fixture.
Any liquid waste containing animal or vegetable matter in suspension or solution.
Component of fire extinguisher.
Interrelationship between value of voltage and current with the same frequency.
Descriptive of any material such as synthetic resin which hardens when heated or cured,
and does not soften when reheated.
An Instrument which responds to changes in temperature, and directly or indirectly
controls temperature.
Thin sheets that are used for controlling heat in drywall construction.
Conveys storm water and terminates into a natural drainage such as lakes or rivers.
A machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, a generator of
alternating current.
Freon in air-con must be compressed and liquefied in order to absorb ___.
Standard size of a wet standpipe outlet for each floor.
A type of pipe fitting for a Yoke Vent.
A device installed on an electric water heater used to detect the working temperature
to activate a switch.
Minimum size of trap or branch for a bidet.
Minimum fixture supply pipe diameter for tank type water closet.
True or false, 1 3/4" diameter is 'not' a commercial size of G.I. Pipe for water supply.
True or false, 3" diameter is 'not' a commercial size of G.I. Pipe for water supply.
Term applied to the interconnection of the same fixtures in one soil or waste branch with
one branch vent.
A single vent that ventilates multiple traps in the case of a back to back vent.
Minimum size of a standpipe for a building in which the highest outlet is 23 meters or less
from the fire service connection.
Minimum size of a wet standpipe for a riser of more than 15 meters from the source.
Single lever valves used in kitchen sink and lavatory faucets or at shower valves works by
the principle of a ___.
Treats hard water.
Minimum height of a branch vent above the fixture it is venting.
Minimum wire size in square millimeter for a branch circuit with a 30 ampere rating using
Type THW stranded copper conductor in a raceway.
Standard frequency of power supplied by the local power utility company like Meralco.
The overhead service conductors from the last pole or other aerial support to and including
splices, if any, connecting to the service entrance conductors at the building.
Unit of loudness level.
The process of dissipating sound energy by converting it to heat.
Distance sound travels during each cycle of vibration.
The reduction in the intensity or in the sound pressure level of sound which is transmitted
from one point to another.
Unit of sound absorption equivalent to 1 square foot of perfectly absorptive material.

Polyethylene
No. 12
No. 14
Rectifier
D.C. Generator
Humidistat
Hygrostat
Governor
Corporation Stop
Relief Vent
Escutcheon
Developed Length
Flush Valve
Sewage
Carbon Monoxide
Phase
Thermosetting
Thermostat
Rigid Board Insulation
Strom Sewer
Alternator
Heat
1 1/2" (38mm)
1/8 Bend
Thermostat
1 1/2"
3/8"
1
0
Battery of Fixtures
Common Vent
4" (102mm)
4" (102mm)
Ball Valve
Zeolite
6" (150mm)
5.5 sqmm
60 Cycles
Service Drop
Phon
Sound Absorption
Wavelength
Sound Attenuation
Sabin

Page 17 of 50

Utilities
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134

Acoustical phenomenon which causes sound wave to be bent or scattered around.


Minimum sound pressure level that is capable of being detected by the human ear.
Fluctuation in pressure, a particle displacement in an elastic medium.
Sound sensation in a single frequency.
Wave produced by a pure tone.
Synonymous with a lighting fixture.
The luminous intensity of light is expressed in ___.
It refers to an individual who worked in the sanitary field of ancient Rome.
In Latin, it means 'lead'.
A specially designed system of waste piping embodying the horizontal wet venting of one
or more sinks or floor drains by means of a common waste and vent pipe adequately
sized to provide free movement of air above the flow line of the drain.
Vertical flow of air used to separate different functions of spaces.
Type of lighting dealing with relatively large area lighting.
During elevator emergency, to rescue passengers, this part of the elevator is used to open
the doors from the outside.
A device which extends across at least 1/2 the width of each door leaf which will open if
subjected to pressure.
Sanitary sewage from buildings shall be discharged directly to the nearest ___.
Receptacles intended to receive and discharge water, water-carried waste into a drainage
system with which they are connected.
The simplest type of building automation system.
Standard size of an outlet for a dry standpipe located at each floor.
A vent pipe connected to a vent stack.
A vent pipe connected to a stack vent.
Instrument used for measuring atmospheric pressure.
Bets type of fire detection that can detect fire during the incipient stage.
Condensing unit is a part of a ___.
A fire detector installed in a fire alarm system which uses low melting point solders or
metal that expands when exposed to heat to detect a fire.
A faucet fitted with a nozzle curving downward used as a draw-off tap.
Heat rating for a fixed temperature heat detector.
Reference in measuring the depth of a trap seal of a trap.
A pipe fitting shaped like 'S'.
Minimum size of trap and waste branch for a shower stall.
Minimum size of trap and waste branch for a pedestal urinal.
Ratio of water closets for male population for elementary and secondary school.
Ratio of water closets for female population for elementary and secondary school.
Ratio of urinals for elementary school.
Ratio of water closets for female population for Principal Worship Places.
Minimum required number of water closets for female for office and public buildings
serving 55 occupants for employees.
Where there is exposure to skin contamination due to poisonous materials, what is the
ratio of lavatory to number of occupants.
Minimum head of water, in meters, required for each section of plumbing for water test.
How many days, at least, shall be given before any plumbing work inspection is done
after written notice for inspection.
Minimum time, in minutes, required for water to stay in the system or pipes for a water
test without any leaks to satisfy said testing.
Consist of a body, a checking member, and an atmospheric opening.
Minimum lead content in percent for pipes and fittings safe for humans.
Minimum vertical distance from the bottom of water pipes to the top of sewer or drain pipe
if laid in the same trench on top of the other.
Minimum distance of water pipings from any regulating equipment, water heater,

Sound Diffraction
Threshold of Audibility
Sound
Pure Tone
Sine Wave
Luminaire
Candela
Plumbarius
Plumbum
Combination
Waste
and Vent system
Air curtain
General Lighting
Outside Door Latch
Panic Bar
Sanitary Sewer Main
Fixture
Telecommunication System
2 1/2" (64mm)
Circuit Vent
Loop Vent
Barometer
Ionization
Refrigeration
Fixed Temperature
Heat Detector
Bibbcock
135-197F
Top Dip to Crown Weir
Double Bend
2"
3"
(1:30)
(1:25)
(1:75)
(1:75)
4
(1:5)
3
3
15 minutes
Atmospheric Vacuum Breaker
8%
300 mm
300 mm

Page 18 of 50

Utilities
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177

conditioning tanks, and similar equipment requiring union fittings.


Maximum spacing of pipe supports at intervals.
Equivalent of 1/6 bend in degrees.
True or false, 60 branches or offsets may be used only when installed in a true vertical
position.
Cleanouts may be omitted on a horizontal drain less than 1.5 meters in length unless
such line is serving sinks or urinals, true or false.
Minimum clearance in front of any cleanout in meters for pipes 51mm or less in diameter.
Minimum clearance in front of any cleanout in meters for pipes larger than 51 mm. Dia.
Maximum distance of any underfloor cleanout from any access door, crawl space, or
crawl hole.
Maximum length of a tailpiece.
Minimum length of any branch requiring separate venting.
True or false, no galvanized wrought iron or galvanized steel pipe shall be used
underground and shall be kept at least 15 cms above ground.
Minimum extension of a vent stack through roof above the roof.
Minimum extension of a vent stack through roof above any other vertical surface.
Minimum vertical distance of VSTR from above of any openable window or opening.
Minimum vertical extension of VSTR from any roofdeck where it is protruded.
Minimum horizontal distance of any VSTR from a roofdeck used for other purposes aside
from protection from weather.
Minimum number of stories served by a waste stack requiring a parallel ventstack.
The rate of flow of light through a surface.
The luminous intensity of any surface in a given direction per unit of projected area.
A unit of illumination equivalent to 1 lumen per square foot.
A unit of illumination equivalent to 1 lumen per square meter.
Type of lighting system where 90-100% of light output is directed to the ceiling and upper
walls of the room.
The material used for filament in an incandescent bulb.
The equivalent of filament in a fluorescent lamp.
An automatic device used for converting high, fluctuating inlet water pressure to a lower
constant pressure.
An air-operated device used to open or close a damper or valve.
In theater stage house, a weight usually of iron or sand used to balance suspended
scenery, or the like.
On elevators, a gear-driven machine having a drum to which the wire ropes that hoist the
car are fastened, and on which they wind.
Vertical tracks that serves as a guide for the car and the counterweight.
Under NBC, the clearance between the underside of the car and the bottom of the pit
shall not be less than ___.
Under NBC, the minimum diameter of hoisting and counterweight rope.
Under NBC, the minimum width between balusters in an escalator.
Under NBC, the maximum rated speed of an escalator along the angle of travel.
The effective room temperature in air-conditioning.
A private telephone system that interconnects with public telephone systems.
Resistance in alternating current system.
The reciprocal of conductance.
The rate of flow of sound energy
Lighting used primarily to draw attention to particular points of interest.
A means of producing light from gaseous discharge.
A type of High-Intensity-Discharge lamp (HID).
Sound system input device that reacts to and converts variable sound pressure into
variable electrical current.
A rate of rise type detector.

300 mm
4'
60
1
1
0.305 mtr. / 305 mm
0.45 mtr. / 450 mm
6.10 mts.
600 mm
4.60 mts.
1
150 mm / 15 cms.
300 mm
0.90 mtr.
2.10 mts.
3.00 mts.
10
Luminous Flux
Luminance
Foot-Candle
Lux
Indirect Lighting
Tungsten
Cathode
Pressure Regulating Valve
Air Motor
Counterweight
Winding-Drum Machine
Guiderails
600 mm
30 mm
558 mm
38 Meters/Min
68-74 F
PABX
Impedance
Resistance
Sound Intensity
Accent Lighting
Fluorescense
High-Pressure-Sodium (HPS)
Microphone
Thermal Detector

Page 19 of 50

Utilities
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190

191
192
193
194
195
196

197
198
199
200
201
202

203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210

Light originating from sources not facing each other, as from windows in adjacent walls.
The process of removing calcium and magnesium deposits in water.
A lighting unit consisting of one or more electrical lamps.
A louvered construction divided into cell-like areas and used for redirecting the light
emitted by an overhead source.
A graph used in air-conditioning and showing the properties of air-system mixtures.
Heat that raises air temperature.
The transmission of heat energy from one place to another by circulatory movement of a
mass of fluid.
A lamp designed to project and diffuse a uniform level of illumination over a large area.
In boilers, they function only when exceeds prescribed unsafe operating conditions.
What type of sound absorbent is best for lower band frequencies.
The bending of sound wave when traveling forward changes direction as it passes through
different densities.
True or false, number of fixture unit is one parameter in sizing a drainage pipe.
Water distribution system which constantly rely its pressure from the main water pipe
applied only if the highest fixture is supplied continuously with the flow rate and minimum
required working pressure.
What combination of pipe fittings is installed at the base of a soil stack?
What is the rating index of an air-conditioning/refrigeration system which rates the unit for
the number of BTU's of heat removed per watt of electrical input energy?
What mechanical equipment, coupled with a central air-conditioning system, is used to
to dehumidify and cool the air stream injected to a conditioned space.
A rigid metal housing for a group of heavy conductors insulated from each other and the
enclosure, also called Busduct.
A heavy conductor, usually in the form of a solid copper bar, used for collecting, carrying,
and distributing large electric currents, also called a busbar.
An approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor terminations in
completely enclosed ventilated protective metal housing where the assembly is designed
to carry fault current and to withstand the magnetic forces of such current.
A type of perimeter detector which detects object in heat range of body temperature.
A type of perimeter detector which detects interruption of light beam.
A type of perimeter detector which detects change in sound wave pattern.
Women's urinal fixture.
True or false, brass and cast iron body cleanouts shall not be used as a reducer or
adapter.
A box with a blank cover which serves the purpose of joining one different runs of
raceways or cables and provided with sufficient space for connection and branching of the
enclosed conductors.
A type of water closet that is least efficient, subject to clogging, noisy, and use a simple
washout action through a small irregular passageway.
This type of water closet is similar to that of the siphon-jet except that it has a smaller
trap passageway and smaller water surface area, moderately noisy.
A type of water closet that is noisy but highly efficient. Strong jet into up leg forces
contents out. Use only with flush valve, requires higher pressure.
Water closet that is quiet, extremely sanitary, water is directed through the rim. It scours
bowl, folds over into jet; siphon.
A water closet that is sanitary, efficient, and very quiet. Water enters through the rim and
through the down leg.
A toilet bowl similar to the siphon-jet, but having the flushing water directed to the rim to
create circular motion or vortex which scours the bowl.
A toilet bowl in which the flushing water enters through the rim and a siphonic action
initiated by a water jet draws the contents of the bowl through the trapway.
A water closet similar to that of the siphon jet but with a smaller water surface and

Cross Light
Softening
Luminaire
Eggcrate
Psychrometric Chart
Sensible Heat
Convection
Floodlight
Limit Controls and Interlocks
Porous Absorbents
Refraction
1
Upfeed System / Direct Method
Wye and 1/8 Bend
Energy Efficiency Rating (EER)
Fan Coil Unit
Busway
Bus
Busway
Passive Infrared
Light Beam
Ultrasonic
Washdown
1
Pull Box
Washdown (WD)
Reverse Trap (RT)
Blowout (BO)
Siphon Vortex (SV)
Siphon Jet (SJ)
Siphon Vortex (SV)
Siphon Jet (SJ)
Reverse Trap (RT)

Page 20 of 50

Utilities
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230

231
232

233
234
235
236
237

238
239
240
241
242
243

trapway.
This type of water closet is prohibited by some health codes.
The concussion and banging noise that results when a volume of water moving in a pipe
suddenly stops or loses momentum.
The length of a pipeline measured along the centerline of the pipe and pipe fittings.
A shutoff valve closed by lowering a wedge-shaped gate across the passage.
A valve closed by a disk seating on an opening in an internal wall.
Liquid sewage that has been treated in a septic tank or sewage treatment plant.
The centerline of pipe.
The interior top surface of a pipe.
The interior bottom surface of a pipe.
A type of perimeter detector which is subject to false alarm from aircraft radar and from
movement outside building through window, wood doors, and the like. It uses radio waves.
This type of perimeter detector uses both the Passive infrared and Ultrasonic or
Microwave system.
This type of perimeter detector detects a change in capacitance of the area covered,
caused by intrusion.
Color code for pipes containing acid.
A high intensity discharge lamp in which the light is produced by the radiation from a
mixture of a metallic vapor, similar to that of a mercury lamp in construction.
A type of lamp popular for lighting commercial interiors, uses argon gas to ease starting,
it produces light by means of an electric discharge in mercury vapor.
A type of lamp which produces light by means of the reaction of halogen additive in the
bulb reacts with chemically with tungsten.
A type of lamp generally used for roadways and sidewalks, uses sodium gas.
Building with fire alarm and suppression system.
This shows the vertical relationships of all panels, feeders, switches, switchboards, and
major components are shown up to, but not including, branch circuiting, it is an electrical
version of a vertical section taken through the building.
In elevator, it detects the obstacles during the door closing, and reopens the door if there
is something. Photocell can be used together with this.
It prevents passengers from falling into the hoistway when they try to get out
of the car which is stopped between the floors.
In elevator, it makes the buzzer alarm when the car is overloaded and the door remains
open until overloading is eliminated.
In elevator, it protects the equipment from over current.
In elevator, these prevent the excessive car travel at the highest and lowest floor.
In escalators, these stop the escalator if a foreign object becomes wedged at the guard.
In escalators, this is located at the bottom truss of the escalator and provided with on and
off positions to stop or prevents the escalator from starting during maintenance service.
This device, in escalators, is provided at the drive unit location to protect against
accidental movement of the escalator during inspection of the drives or during general
maintenance.
This device, in escalators, stops the escalator automatically if an abnormal current is
supplied to the motor.
This switch cuts off all current supply to the escalator for inspection, maintenance, or
repairs.
In a lightning protection system, the combination of a metal rod and its brace or footing,
on the upper part of a structure.
One of the earlier plastic to be developed in 1938, a du pont trade name for the white,
soft, waxy, and non-adhesive polymer of tetrafluoroethylene.
The number of cycles per unit time of a wave or oscillations expressed in hertz of cycles
per second.
Of a partition, the number of decibels by which sound is reduced in transmission through

Reverse Trap (RT)


Washdown (WD)
Water Hammer
Developed Length
Gate Valve
Globe Valve
Effluent
Spring Line
Crown
Invert
Microwave
Passive Infrared with
Ultrasonic (or Microwave)
Proximity / Capacitance
Black
Metal Halide Lamp
Mercury Lamp
Tungsten Halogen Lamp
High-Pressure-Sodium (HPS)
Intelligent Building
Riser Diagram
Safety Shoe
Fascia Plate
Weighing Device
Circuit Breaker
Limit Switches
Handrail Guard Switches
Disconnect Switch
Mechanical
Maintenance
Locking Device
Current Overload Safety Switch
Knife Switch
Air Terminal
Teflon
Frequency
Transmission Loss

Page 21 of 50

Utilities
it; a measure of the sound insulation value of the partition, the higher the number, the
greater the insulation value.
244 The cooling effect obtained when 1 ton of ice at 32 oF (0 oC) melts to water at the same
tmeperature in 24 hrs. (equivalent to 12,000 Btu/hr)

Transmission Loss
Ton of Refrigeration

Page 22 of 50

Utilities

t Heat

kler System

cms.
mts.
cms.
mts.
um.
mm.
mts.

0
0 mts.
0 mts.
0 mts.
6
mm.
mm.
cms.
cms.
mtr.

. (11/2")
m. (2")
3
2
1
4
d Flexible
urr
d Hydraulic
mtr.

sfer Switch (ATS)

tant, in wet and


cation
ift
mts.
e Drain
mts.
Lighting

Heat ResistantThermosetting
0'

eave

Red
Branch Exchange
acitor
Panel

Page 23 of 50

Utilities

hylene
. 12
. 14
tifier
enerator
distat
ostat
ernor
tion Stop
f Vent
cheon
ed Length
Valve
wage
Monoxide
ase

osetting

mostat

d Insulation
Sewer

nator

eat
38mm)
Bend

mostat

/2"
8"
1
0

f Fixtures

on Vent

2mm)

2mm)

Valve

olite
0mm)

qmm

ycles

e Drop

on
bsorption
length

tenuation

bin

Page 24 of 50

Utilities

iffraction
of Audibility
und
Tone
Wave
naire
dela
barius
mbum
nation
ste
t system
urtain
Lighting

Door Latch

c Bar

ewer Main

ture

cation System
64mm)
t Vent
Vent
meter
ation
eration
mperature
etector
cock
197F
Crown Weir
e Bend
"
"
30)
25)
75)
75)

:5)

nutes

acuum Breaker
%
mm
mm

Page 25 of 50

Utilities
mm

4'
0

/ 305 mm
/ 450 mm
mts.
mm
mts.

/ 15 cms.
mm
mtr.
mts.
mts.

0
us Flux
nance
Candle
ux

Lighting

gsten
hode

gulating Valve

Motor

rweight

um Machine

erails
mm

mm
mm
ers/Min
74 F
BX
dance
tance
ntensity
Lighting
scense
-Sodium (HPS)

phone

Detector

Page 26 of 50

Utilities

Light
ening
naire

crate

etric Chart
le Heat

ection

dlight
and Interlocks
bsorbents

action

1
/ Direct Method
1/8 Bend

cy Rating (EER)

oil Unit

way

us

way

Infrared
Beam
sonic
down

1
Box

wn (WD)

Trap (RT)

ut (BO)

ortex (SV)

Jet (SJ)

ortex (SV)

Jet (SJ)

Trap (RT)

Page 27 of 50

Utilities

Trap (RT)

wn (WD)

Hammer

ed Length
Valve
Valve
uent
g Line
own
vert

owave

frared with
r Microwave)

Capacitance

ack

ide Lamp

y Lamp

alogen Lamp

-Sodium (HPS)
t Building

Diagram

y Shoe

a Plate

g Device

Breaker
witches
ard Switches

ct Switch

anical
nance
g Device

ad Safety Switch

Switch

rminal

lon

uency

sion Loss

Page 28 of 50

Utilities

sion Loss

frigeration

Page 29 of 50

Structural
1 The procedures and limitations for the design of structures shall be determined by the
following factors.
2 Minimum number of stories recommended to be provided with at least 3 approved
recording accelerographs.
3 Maintenance and service of accelerographs shall be provided by the___.
4 Who shall be responsible for keeping the actual live load below the allowable limits and
shall be liable for any failure on the structure due to overloading.
5 The period of continuous application of a given load or the aggregate of periods of
intermittent application of the same load.
6 Minimum area in square meters a member supports which the design live load may be
reduced.
7 Minimum height of any wall requiring structural design to resist loads onto which they are
subjected.
8 Maximum deflection of a brittle finished wall subjected to a load of 250 Pascal applied
perpendicular to said wall.
9 Maximum deflection of a flexible finished wall subjected to a load of 250 Pascal applied
perpendicular to said wall.
10 Maximum floor area for a low-cost housing unit.
11 The level at which the earthquake motions are considered to be imparted to the structure
or the level at which the structure, as a dynamic vibrator, is supported.
12 A member or an element provided to transfer lateral forces from a portion of a structure
to vertical elements of the lateral force resisting system.
13 A horizontal or nearly horizontal system acting to transmit lateral forces to the vertical
resisting elements, it includes horizontal bracing system.
14 The total designed lateral force or shear at the base of a structure.
15 An element at edge of opening or at perimeters of shear walls or diaphragm.
16 An essentially vertical truss system of the concentric or eccentric type which is provided
to resist lateral forces.
17 An essentially complete space frame which provides supports for gravity loads.
18 A combination of a Special or Intermediate Moment Resisting Space Frame and Shear
19 Walls or Braced Frames.
20 That form of braced frame where at least one end of each brace intersects a beam at a
point away from the column girder joint.
21 The entire assemblage at the intersection of the members.
22 The horizontal member in a frame system, a beam.
23 An element of a diaphragm parallel to the applied load which collects and transfers
diaphragm shear to vertical resisting elements or distributes loads within the diaphragm.
24 Such members may take axial tension or compression.
25 The boundary element of a diaphragm or a shear wall which is assumed to take axial
stresses analogous to the flanges of a beam
26 Those structures which are necessary for emergency post-earthquake operations.
27 That part of the structural system assigned to resist lateral forces.
28 Moment resisting space frame not meeting special detailing requirements for ductile
behavior.
29 The displacement of one level relative to the level above or below.
30 The usable capacity of a structure or its members to resist loads within the deformation
limits prescribed in this document.
31 The lower rigid portion of a structure having a vertical combination of structural system.
32 Horizontal truss system that serves the same function as a diaphragm.
33 An assemblage of framing members designed to support gravity loads and resist lateral
34 forces.
35 A structural system without complete vertical load carrying space frame. This system
provide support for gravity loads. Resistance to lateral load is provided by shear walls
or braced frames.

Zoning, site characteristics


Occupancy, configuring
structural system, and height
14
Owner
Occupant of the building
Load duration
14 sqm.
1.50 mts.
1/240 of wall span
1/120 of wall span
60 sqm.
Base
Collector
Diaphragm
Base Shear, V
Boundary Element
Braced Frame
Building Frame System
Dual System
Eccentric Braced Frame (EBF)
Joint
Girder
Diaphragm Strut
Diaphragm Chord
Essential facilities
Lateral Force Resisting System
Ordinary Moment Resisting
Space Frame
Story Drift
Strength
Platform
Horizontal Bracing System
Structure
Bearing Wall System

Page 30 of 50

Structural
36 A structural system with essentially complete space frame providing support for gravity
loads. Resistance to lateral load is provided by shear walls or braced frames.
37 A structural system with an essentially complete space frame providing support for gravity
loads. Moment resisting space frames provide resistance to lateral load primarily by
flexural action of members.
38 Is one in which the story strength is less than 80% of that of the story above.
39 An elastic or inelastic dynamic analysis in which a mathematical model of the
structure is subjected to a ground motion time history. The structure's time-dependant
dynamic response to these motion is obtained through numerical integration of its
equations of motions.
40 The effects on the structure due to earthquake motions acting in directions other than
parallel to the direction of resistance under consideration.
41 The secondary effect on shears and moments of frame members induced by the
vertical loads acting on the laterally displaced building frame.
42 Material other than water, aggregate, or hydraulic cement, used as an ingredient of
concrete and added to concrete before or during its mixing to modify its properties.
43 Concrete that does not conform to definition of reinforced concrete.
44 Upright compression member with a ratio of unsupported height to average least lateral
dimension of less than three.
45 Ratio of normal stress to corresponding strain for tensile or compressive stresses below
proportional limit of material.
46 In prestressed concrete, temporary force exerted by device that introduces tension into
prestressing tendons.
47 Length of embedded reinforcement provided beyond a critical section.
48 Stress remaining in prestressing tendons after all losses have occurred, excluding effects
of dead load and superimposed loads.
49 Length of embedded reinforcement required to develop the design strength of
reinforcement at a critical section.
50 Friction resulting from bends or curves in the specified prestressing tendon profile.
51 Concrete containing lightweight aggregate.
prestressing tendon that is bonded to concrete either directly or through grouting.
52 ASTM A36
53 High-Yield Strength Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Plate, Suitable for Welding.
54 True or False, Bar larger than 32mm in diameter shall not be bundled in beams.
55 Minimum concrete cover for a Prestressed concrete for beams and columns for
primary reinforcements.
56 In a material under tension or compression, the absolute value of the ratio of transverse
strain to the corresponding longitudinal strain.
57 In column, the ratio of its effective length to its least radius of gyration.
58 A quantity which measures the resistance of the mass to being revolved about a line.
59 A type of concrete floor which has no beam.
60 The tendency for one part of a beam to move vertically with respect to an adjacent part.
61 A change in shape of a material when subjected to the action of force.
62 The maximum value of tension, compression, or shear respectively the material sustain
without failure.
63 It means that by which a body develops internal resistance to 'stress'.
64 The greatest stress which a material is capable of developing without permanent
deformation remaining upon the complete release of stress.
65 Intensity of force per unit area.
66 Loop of reinforcing bar or wire enclosing longitudinal reinforcement.
67 The measure of stiffness of a material.
68 The failure in a base when a heavily loaded column strikes a hole through it.
69 The deformation of a structural member as a result of loads acting on it.
70 Nominal thickness of of a timber.
71 The sum of forces in the othorgonal directions and the sum of all moments about any

Building Frame System


Moment Resisting Frame System
Weak Story
Time History Analysis

Orthogonal Effect
P-delta Effect
Admixture
Plain Concrete
Pedestal
Modulus of Elasticity
Jacking Force
Embedment Length
Effective Prestress
Development Length
Curvature Friction
Structural Lightweight Concrete
Bonded Tendon
Structural Steel
ASTM A514
1
40 mm
Poisson's Ratio
Slenderness Ratio
Torsion
Flat Slab
Shear
Deformation
Yielding Stress
Stress
Allowable Stress
Stress
Tie / Stirrup
Stiffness Ratio
Punching Shear
Deflection
6 inches
Equilibrium

Page 31 of 50

Structural

72

73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84

85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102

points are zero.


The complete records of tests conducted (slump, compression test, etc.) shall be
preserved and made available for inspection during the progress of construction and after
completion of the project for a period of not less than.
Wood board should have a thickness specification of.
The distance from the first to the last riser of a stair flight.
A high-speed rotary shaping had power tool used to make smooth cutting and curving
on solid wood.
The major horizontal supporting member of the floor system.
Wood defects are: heart shake, cup shake, star shake, and___.
Dressed lumber is referred to ___.
The other kind of handsaw other than rip-cut saw.
It refers to the occupancy load which is either partially or fully in place or may not be
present at all.
The distance between inflection points in the column when it breaks.
The amount of space measured in cubic units.
In the formula e=PL/AE, E stands for___.
An expansion joint of adjacent parts of a structure to permit expected movements
between them.
the total of all tread widths in a stair.
The force adhesion per unit area of contact between two bonded surfaces.
A structural member spanning from truss to truss or supporting a rafter.
Size of camber for a 25 meters steel truss.
A connector such as a welded strut, spiral bar, or short length of channel which resists
horizontal shear between elements.
The force per unit area of cross section which tends to produce shear.
Size of camber for a 25 meters steel truss.
The law that relates the linear relationship between stresses and strains
Minimum spacing of Bolts in timber connectionn measured from center of bolts parallel
for parallel to grain loading is equal to ___.
According to the provisions of the NSCP on timber connections and fastenings, the
lodaed edge distance for perpendicular to grain loading shall be at least ___.
NSCP specifies spacing between rows of bolts for perpendicular to grain loading shall be
at least ___ times bolt diameter for L/d ratio of 2.
Minimum diameter of bolts to be used in timber connections and fastening in accordance
with NSCP specifications.
Simple solid timber columns have slenderness ratio not exceeding ___.
Nails or spikes for which the wire gauges or lengths not set forth in the NSCP
specifications shall have a required penetration of not less than ___.
Notches in sawn lumber bending members in accordance with the NSCP specifications
shall not exceed.
Notches in sawn lumber shall not be located in the ___.
Notches in the top and bottom of joists shall not exceed ___.
Allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of gross area.
Allowable tensile stress of structural steel based on effective area.

103 Allowable stress for tension on pin connected members based on net area.
104 Allowable shear stress on structural steel on the cross sectional area effective in
resisting shear.
105 For structures carrying live loads which induce impact, the assumed live load shall be
increased sufficiently to provide for same, for supports of elevators the increase shall be.
106 The slenderness ratio of compression members shall not exceed ___.
107 The slenderness ratio main members in tension shall not exceed ___.
108 Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete
exposed to earth or weather.

Equilibrium
2 years
not less than 1"X4"
Run
Portable Hand router
Girder
Knots
Smoothed or planed lumber
Cross-cut saw
Live load
Effective length
Volume
Modulus of Elasticity
Contraction joint
Total run
Bond Stress
Purlin
Size of Dead Load Defelection
Shear Connector
Shear Stress / Shearing Stress
Size of Dead Load Defelection
Hook's Law
4 X diameter of bolt
4 X diameter of bolt
2.5
12 mm
50
11 diameters
1/6 depth of member
Middle Third Span
1/4 the depth
0.60 of specified min. yield stress
0.50 of specified minimum
tensile strength
0.45 Fy
0.40 Fy
100%
200
240
40 mm

Page 32 of 50

Structural
109 Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete
not exposed to earth or weather.
110 Curing of concrete (other than high-early strength) shall be maintained above 10C and
in moist condition for at least the first ___ days after placement.
111 If concrete in structure will dry under service conditions, cores shall be air-dried for ___
days before test and shall be tested dry.
112 Curing for high-early strength concrete shall be maintained above 10C and in moist
condition for at least the ___ days after palcement.
113 The minimum clear spacing between parallel bars in layer shall be db (diameter of bar)
but not less than ___.
Standard hooks used in reinforced concrete beam shall mean.
114
115 Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 16mm bar and smaller.
116 Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 20-25mmbar.
117 Allowable tolerance on minimum concrete cover for depths greater than 200mm
118 Allowable tolerance for longitudinal location of bends and ends of reinforcement.
119 Individual bars with a bundle terminated within the span of flexural members shall
teminate at different points with a stagger of at least ___.
120 Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of member shall not be less
than ___ for strands.
121 Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of member shall not be less
than ___ for wire.
122 Minimum concrete cover provided for reinforcement of cast in place against permanently
exposed to earth or weather using bars larger than 36mm.

20 mm
7
7
3
25 mm
180 bend + 4db extension
but not less than 65mm at free
end of bar
90 bend + 6db extension
at free end
90 bend + 12db extension
at free end
12 mm
50 mm
40db
3db
4db
75 mm

Page 33 of 50

Building Technology
1 Short metal "T" beam used in suspended ceiling systems to bridge the spaces
between the main beams
2 Roofing tile which has the shape of an S laid on its side
3 Clay roofing tile approximately semi cylindrical in shape laid in courses with units
having their convex side alternately up and down
4 Groove cut into a board or panel intended to receive the edge of a connecting board
5 Part of the building foundation which forms the permanent retaining wall
of the structure below grade
6 Part of a foundation system which supports the exterior walls of a superstructure and
bears directly on the column footing
7 Black, tar like waterproofing material applied to the exterior of a foundation wall
8 System of framing a building in which the studs are continuous to
roof supporting second floor joints
9 System of framing a building on which floor joists of each storey rest on the top plates
of the storey below and the bearing walls and partitions rest on the subfloor of each storey
10 An exterior security lock installed on exterior entry doors that can be activated only
with a key or thumb-turn
11 Rough plaster finish obtained by flinging plaster on a wall with a hand operated machine
12 Principal member of the truss which extends from one end to the other
primarily to resist bending
13 Composition of two or more metals fused together usually to obtain a desired property
14 Horizontal distance from the face of a lock or latch to the center of the knob or lock cylinder
15 Vertical members in a railing used between a top rail and bottom rail or the stair treads
16 An iron alloy usually including carbon and silicon which has high compressive strength
but low tensile strength
17 Ferrous metal that offers great resistance to abrassion and finds important use in
the cutting edges of heavy digging tools
18 Commercially pure iron of fibrous nature, valued for its corrosion resistance and ductility
19 Window or door in which two panes of glass are used with a sealed air space between
20 The wall of Intramuros
21 Concrete slab should have a minimum clearance
22 Special type of plate girder consisting of tees, angles and multiple web
23 Beam that projects beyond one or both its support
24 Wall (bearing or non-bearing) designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the wall
25 Modern method of installing wood parquet flooring on wooden boards sub-flooring
26 Standard height of window sills for office rooms in upper floors
27 Dimension of commercial acoustic boards for aluminum T-runners used for
dropped-ceiling in offices
28 Horizontal exterior roof overhang
29 Structural method used for longer span/ interval of columns
30 Humidification and condensation in exterior walls are minimized by providing:
31 Corrugated metal or concrete barrier walls installed around a basement window
to hold back the earth
32 Type of slab when the ratio of short span to the long span of a slab is less than 0.50
33 Tar paper. Installed under the roof shingles
34 Longitudinal beams which rest on the top chord and preferably at the joints of the truss
35 The section of which the moment changes from positive to negative
36 Narrow strip of wood applied to cover a joint along the edges of two parallel boards
in the same plane
37 A wood or plywood piece used to fasten the ends of two members together at a
38 butt joint with nails or bolts
39 The stressing of unbounded tendons after concrete has cured
40 The boxing in of covering a joist, beam or girder to give the appearance of a larger beam
41 Pressure exerted against the underground portion of a building created by
the presence of water in the soil
42 Window which projects outside the main line of a building and the compartment
in which it is located extends to the floor
43 Joint employed to reduce restraint by accommodating movement of masonry walls
44 Joint used for adjoining existing building to new building
45 Joint formed when a concrete surface hardens before the next batch of concrete
Page 34 of 50

Cross Tee
Pantile
Mission Tile
Dado
Foundation Wall
Grade Beam
Dampproofing
Balloon Framing
Western Framing
Dead Bolt
Tryolean Finish
Chord
Alloy
Backset
Baluster
Cast Iron
Nickel Steel
Wrought Iron
Double Glass
Fortification
15mm
Hybrid Girder
Cantilever Beam
Shear Wall
Gluing/ Pasting
0.90 m
24" x 48" x 1/2"
Eaves
Post-tensioning
Building paper sheathing
and space filled
Area Wells
One-Way Slab
Felt
Purlins
Inflection Point
Batten
Fish Plate or Gusset Plate
Post-tensioning
Beam Blocking
Atmospheric Pressure
Bay Window
Control Joints
Expansion Joint
Cold Joint

Building Technology
Cold Joint

is placed against it

Page 35 of 50

Building Technology
46 Joint used when vertical and horizontal surface is reinforced concrete
where concreting was stopped and continued later
47 Joint that is a straight groove which is used on concrete floors to "control" where
the concrete should crack
48 Joint formed by overlapping the edges of metal sheet or plated and joining them
by riveting, soldering or brazing
49 Interior paint that contains a high proportion of pigment and dries to a flat/ lusterless finish
50 Filipino term for horizontal stud
51 Filipino term for floor joist
52 Filipino term for rabbet
53 Filipino term for plastered course
54 Filipino term for bottom chord
55 Filipino term for purlin
56 Filipino term for eave
57 Filipino term for top chord
58 Filipino term for temper (metal work)
59 Filipino term for plumb line
60 Filipino term for projection
61 Filipino term for rafter
62 Filipino term for baseboard
63 Filipino term for alignment
64 Filipino term for bath tub
65 Filipino term for brace
66 Filipino term for cast iron
67 Filipino term for contractor
68 Filipino term for downspout
69 Filipino term for pattern
70 Filipino term for mortar
71 A steel plate attached to both sides at each joint of a truss
72 Climatic factor that is considered in the structural and architectural design of tall buildings
73 Dry walls are customarily finished
74 One method of leveling batterboards without the transit is the use of
75 Manual method of squaring the corners of a building lines in building layout
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

The direction, size, arrangement, appearance, or quality of the fibers in wood


The most common materials used for roofing of urban residential houses
Block or panel type insulating material used in flat roof of commercial or industrial building
Standard size overlap for corrugated G.I. roofing
A continuous recess built into a wall to receive pipes, ducts, etc.
Building stone of igneous origin and composed of quartz, hornblende and mica
Form of brick bond which is composed of alternating courses of headers and stretchers
Form of brick bond which is composed entirely of stretchers
Form of brick bond which is a variation of a running bond with a full course of headers
at regular intervals
Form of brick bond in which each course is alternately composed of entirely
of headers or of stretchers
A notch cut in the end of a rafter to permit it to fit flat on a wall and on the top,
doubled, exterior wall plate
A geological or ground condition considered in determining the size and type of
foundation of the building
Materials excellent as vapor barrier in the roofing system of residential buildings
The chief structural materials, used for tall buildings

Page 36 of 50

Construction Joint
Control Joint
Lap Seam
Flat Paint
Trabe-Anzo
Soleras
Vaciada
Kusturada
Tirante
Reostra
Alero
Tahilan
Poleva
Hulog
Bolada
Kilo
Rodapis
Asintada
Baniera
Pie De Gallo
Pundido
Kontratista (yeah!)
Tubo de Banada
Plantilya
Paupo
Gang Nail Plate
Lightning
Lath and Plaster
1/4 plastic hose filled w/ water

3-4-5 multiples with the use


of steel tape measure
Grain
G.I. Sheets
Corkboard
1 1/2 corr
Chase
Serpentine
English Bond
Running Bond
Common Bond / American
Bond
Flemish Bond
Heel Cut
Soil Bearing Pressure
Aluminum Foil Sheets
Reinforced Concrete and
High Grade Steel

Building Technology
91 Material that holds less moisture, is very light, less water absorptive capacity
and is very good in sidings of dwelling units
92 The finished frame surrounding a door
93 A door lock with a spring bolt controlled by one or both knobs and dead bolt
controlled by a key
94 Door consisting of two separate leaves, one above the other, this leaves may
operate independently or together
95 A twisting force
95 The appearance concrete makes when rocks in the concrete are visible and where there
are void areas in the foundation wall, especially around concrete foundation windows
97 A barrier or diaphragm formed to prevent the movement of soil to stabilize foundation
98 Refers to the term stone-cut
99 Standard concrete mix for beams, girders, slabs, stairs and columns
100 Chord splice connectors for trusses
101 A specialized fastener used to pull on to hold mitered joints together
102 Most waterproofed type of mortar joints for wall
103 Rafters laid diagonally from corner of a plate or girts to the ridge
104 The horizontal boards nailed to corner post to assist in the accurate layout of
foundation and excavation lines
105 Columns in which a concrete core is reinforced with a steel or cast-iron core
designed to support a part of load
106 Instrument or tool capable of vertical and horizontal line check
107 A three-dimensional structural system without bearing walls composed of
interconnected laterally supported so as to function as a complete self-contained unit with
or without the aids of horizontal diaphragms or floor-bracing system
108 The metal latch plate in a door frame into which a doorknob plunger latches
109 The appropriate painting material type for wood surfaces
110 Coating of commercially made corrugated G.I. sheets, ga. 26, having standard corrugation
111 Wood flooring finishing material
112 A common paint film defect where progressive powdering from the surface inward occurs
113 Time required for the removal of a form works of a concrete footing
114 Wall partition wooden framing
115 The appropriate paint material for G.I. sheet roofing
116 The paint finishing material of long-span pre-painted roofing sheet
117 Hardware used to fasten corrugated asbestos cement roofing sheet on a steel purlin
118 Hardware used to fasten an asphalt strip roof shingle on wooden sheets/planks
119 A type of concrete floor which has no beam
120 Tool used for guiding and testing the work to a vertical and horizontal position
121 Tool for testing and for framing work
121 Vertical surface on face of a stair step
123 The complete records of test conduction (slump, compression test, etc.) shall be
preserved and made available for inspection during the progress of construction and
after completion of the projects for a period of not less than
124 Nominal 1" - 2" thk members connecting opposite roof rafters to stiffen the roof structure
125 Thickness of a wood plank
126 Distance from the first to the last riser of a stair flight
127 A high-speed rotary shaping hand power tool used to make smooth cutting
and curving on solid wood
128 A mixture of sand and stone and a major component of concrete
129 The major horizontal supporting member of the floor system
130 A wall supporting no load other than its own weight
131 A wall that support weight from above as well as their own dead weight
132 A wall that holds back on earth embankment
133 A wall which supports vertical loads in addition to its weight without the benefit of
a complete vertical load carrying space frame
134 A non-bearing wall built on a concrete floor
135 It is designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the plane of the wall

Page 37 of 50

Asbestos-Cement Shingles
Door Jamb
Knob Bolt
Dutch Door
Torsion
Honey Combs
Sheet Piling
Wood Siding
AA
Split-Ring
Clamp Nail
Weathered
Hip Rafter
Batter Boards
Composite Column
Spirit Level
Space Frame
Keeper
Zinc Chromate
Aluminum Coating
7 & 6 Wood Planks
Chalking
24 hours
Studs
Acrylic Latex Paint
Acrylic Paint
L Hook Bolt
Staple Wire
Flat Slab
Level Tool
Steel Square
Riser
2 years
Collar Beam
2" to 5"
Run
Portable Hand Router
Aggregate
Girder
Nonbearing Wall
Load Bearing Wall
Retaining Wall
Bearing Wall
Floating Wall
Shear Wall

Building Technology
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180

The occupancy load which either partially or fully in place or may not be present at all
Distance between inflection point in the column when it breaks
The most important component to determine the strength of a concrete mix
The total of all the tread widths in a stair
A pit in a basement floor made to collect water into which a pump is placed
to pump the liquid to the sewer pipe
The pre-construction of components as a part of a whole
An opening in the roof for admitting light
Wood coming out from trees with needle leaves, rather than broad leaves
A kind of brick used for high temperature
A nailer strip incorporated in rough concrete wall to be plastered to act as guide and
support for finish trim around openings and near the base of the wall
Distance between two structural supports
Scientific name for wood
A small member which divides the glass or openings of sash or doors
Roof that has four sloping sides
Stone placed on a slope to prevent erosion
A tough used for carrying off water
The process of removing concrete forms from the cured concrete
A structural member spanning from truss-to-truss or supporting rafters
A threaded steel bent inserted of masonry construction for securing wood or
metal plates to concrete construction
A horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel or concrete across the top of door or
window opening to bear the weight of the walls above the opening
The placing of glass in windows or doors
Another word for handmill on a stair construction
A joint produced by lapping two pieces of materials
The most common type of hinge where one leaf attaches to the door's edge,
the other to its jamb
Lumber that still contains moisture or sap
The internal angle formed by the two roof slopes of a roof
A vertical board attached on the ends of the rafters
A large heavy nail
Underwater watertight chamber to allow construction work to be done
Lumber specification S4S
The term used to indicate top and lower principal member of a roof or bridge truss
Strips of hardwood, usually 2x2 laid over a concrete slab floor
Miter square is a guiding and testing tool that has a permanent blade set
A beveled metal tongue operated by a spring-loaded knob or lever
A wall that serves two (2) dwelling units, known also as party wall
The hardware on a door to accommodate the knob and lockset keyhole
The material used for the process of making watertight the roof intersection and
other exposed areas on the exterior of a building
A short wood bracket or cantilever that supports an overhang portion of a roof
The term to describe the putting up of the skeleton of the building
Wedge-shaped stone of an arch
Fireproof door with metal covering
The triangular, decorative and supporting member that holds a mantel or horizontal shelf
Lumber that is not squared or finished
A round steel bolt embedded in concrete or masonry use to hold down machinery,
steel columns or beams, casting, shoes, beams plates and engine heads

Page 38 of 50

Live Load
Effective Length
Cement
Total Run
Sump Pit
Prefabrication
Skylight
Softwood
Firebrick
Plaster Ground
Span
Xylem
Muntin
Hip Roof
Rip-rap
Moat
Stripping
Purlin
Anchor Bolt
Lintel
Glazing
Banister
Lap Joint
Butt Hinge
Green Lumber
Valley
Facia
Spike
Caisson
Smooth on four sides
Chord
Wood Saddle
45
Latch
Common Wall
Escutcheon
Flashing
Lookout
Formworks
Keystone
Kalomein Door
Corbel
Milled Lumber
Foundation Bolt

Building Technology
181 Simplest type of fiber carpet weaving where pile forms as the wrap yarns loop over
removable wires inserted consecutively across the loom
182 A pretreatment of poured concrete such as walls beams and columns where a thin layer
of lean cement grout mixed with flexible base additives is splattered by tampico brush or
masonry spoon to the surface to give a tooth for excellent plaster adhesion
183 A special coating system with a high gloss shine while maintaining the natural wood
qualities, maintenance free, used to finish and topcoat wood flooring
184 A type of wood end joint where both wood are cut at equal angles diagonally
185 A type of terazzo floor described by its physical appearance whereby the stone or pebble
is intentionally exposed while the cement matrix is depressed
186 An extension of a rafter beyond the wall line
187 A type of window where the ventilating sash rotates 90 degrees to 180 degrees about
the header and sill or about the side jamb
188 Used to fill a joint with mastic or asphalt plastic cement to prevent leaks
189 Type of joint is used to install a glass into a lite of a French window
190 Water-mixed product with a ratio of 1:20 to stabilize lime activity in new masonry surface
191 A crosswise groove at the end of a board
192 Shutter proof opaque glass used to construct a door with glass to allow natural light only
193 The act of excavating or filling of earth or any sound material or combination thereof,
in preparation for a finishing surface such as paving
194 Adjustable metal column used to support a beam or bearing point
195 One of a series of parallel framing members used to support ceiling loads and supported
in turn by larger beams, girders or bearing walls
196 A floor finish commercially size 1 x 12 x 12 utilizing clay and fired in traditional manner
making interesting and attractive rustic clay shade patterns
197 Steel element such as wire, cable, bar, rod or strand, or a bundle of such elements,
used to impart prestress to concrete
198 The upper member of a column, pilaster, door cornice, molding, or fireplace
199 A trim board that is installed beneath a window sill
200 A unit of measure for lumber equal to 1 inch thick by 12 inches wide by 12 inches long
201 Frames of wood or metal enclosing part (or all) of a window sash
202 The replacement of excavated earth into a trench around or against a basement
or crawl space foundationwall
203 Frame lumber installed between the wall studs to give additional support for drywall or
an interior trim related item, such as handrail brackets, cabinets, and towel bars
204 Window with hinges on one of the vertical sides and swings open like a normal door
205 Horizontal beam rafter that supports shorter rafters
206 Window space projecting outward from the walls of a building
207 Bonding together two or more layers of materials
208 Bottom horizontal member of an exterior wall frame which rests on top a foundation,
sometimes called sill plate
209 Small-diameter, pre-drilled hole that guides a nail or screw
210 A joist that runs around the perimeter of the floor joists and home

Page 39 of 50

Velvet
Scratch Coat
Polyurethane Floor Coating
Scarf
Standard Terazzo
Outrigger
Pivoted Window
Caulking
Rabbet
Masonry Neutralizer
Notch
Figured Wired Glass
Grading
Monopost
Ceiling Joist or Roof Joist
Vigan Tiles
Tendon
Cap
Apron
Boardfoot
Casement
Backfill
Backing
Casement Window
Barge
Bay Window
Laminating
Mudsill
Pilot Hole
Rim Joist

National Building Code

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52

P.D.. 1096
Maximum height of a combustible stand.
Minimum spacing for seats in a chair type measurement from back to back.
Maximum line of travel to an exit of an aisle.
Maximum slope of an aisle.
In standard seating, the minimum spacing of rows measured from back to back.
Minimum width of any seat.
Minimum area of a double acting door view panel.
Minimum clear width of an exit doorway.
Maximum width of an exit door leaf.
Minimum width of an exit corridor.
Minimum number of exit for floors above the first storey having an occupant load of
more than 10
Number of exit for occupant load of 599-999.
Minimum downward projection of a draft curtain
Maximum floor area for an attic made of combustible materials.
Maximum center to center spacing of a draft curtain sprinkler.
Maximum floor area for an attic made of incombustible materials.
Standard gauge for metal hoods in barbeques.
Minimum height of a Siamese connection above grade.
Standard maximum distance of a standpipe from an opening in a stairway.
Minimum wall thickness of a fireplace.
Minimum number of exit for a projection room.
Minimum extended portion of a chimney above the roof.
Minimum air space between walls of a masonry chimney above the roof.
Minimum thickness of glass used for floors.
Maximum rise of one row of seat to the next.
Minimum number of exit for stands within a building serving an occupant load of 300.
Minimum height of a guard rail located in front of the grandstand.
Minimum width of a run in a stand stair.
Minimum spacing for seats with backrests measured from back to back.
Minimum spacing for seats without backrests measured from back to back.
Minimum width of an exit door in an aisle.
Minimum intensity of lights for exits.
Minimum width of side aisles.
Minimum increase in width of aisles for every linear meter.
Minimum width of an aisle serving only one side.
Open space requirement for an interior lot.
Open space requirement for a corner lot or a through lot.
Bounded on all sides or around its periphery by building lines.
Minimum stair width for a residence.
Standard minimum area of a toilet.
Minimum dimension of a kitchen.
Minimum area for vent shafts.
Air space requirement for a school room per person.
Air space requirement for a habitable room per person.
Minimum area of opening of an air duct.
Maximum projection beyond the property line of a footing along the national road and at
least 2.40 mts. In depth.
Minimum clearance of a canopy or a marquee from the sidewalk.
Minimum stair width for occupant load of less than 50.
Minimum width of a temporary walkway.
Minimum clearance of an arcade above sidewalk.
Vacant space left between the building and lot lines less than 2.00 mts in width.

National Building Code


2.70 mts.
0.85 mtr.
45.00 mts.
One is to Eight (1:8)
0.84 mtr.
0.45 mtr.
1,300 sqmm / 1.30 sqm.
0.70 mtr.
1.20 mts.
1.10 mts.
2
3
0.30 mtr.
250.00 sqm
1.80 mts.
750.00 sqm.
Ga. 18
300 mm
300 mm
200 mm
2
600 mm
2" / 50 mm
12.5 mm
400 mm / 0.40 mtr.
3
0.90 mtr
0.28 mtr.
0.75 mtr.
0.60 mtr.
1.70 mts.
10.70 lux
1.10 mts.
30 mm
800 mm / 0.80 mtr.
50% of lot area
10% of lot area
Inner court
750 mm / 0.75 mtr.
1.20 sqm.
1.50 mts.
1.00 sqm.
3.00 cum.
14.00 cum.
300 sqmm / 0.30 sqm
300 mm
3.00 mts.
0.90 mtr.
1.20 mts.
3.00 mts.
Setback

Page 40 of 50

National Building Code

53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106

Minimum horizontal dimension of a court.


Minimum width of a passageway connecting a street and a court.
Standard air space requirement per person for factories.
Minimum headroom clearance for a mezzanine.
Air supply per person per minute for auditoriums.
Minimum total area of a window or an opening for a room without artificial ventilation.
Minimum dimension for a vent shaft.
Minimum horizontal clearance of the curb line to the outermost edge of the marquee.
Minimum clearance of the lowest portion of an awning to the ground.
Minimum height of a construction fence.
Minimum live load bearing capacity of a construction canopy.
Minimum height of a protective railing in a construction.
Minimum wind load capacity for roofs for vertical projection.
Maximum height of a handrail above the stair thread.
Minimum ceiling height for naturally ventilated rooms.
Minimum height of a handrail above the stair thread.
Maximum dimension of a stair landing.
Maximum slope of an exit court.
Minimum width of run for circular stair.
Minimum headroom clearance for any stair.
Maximum slope for an exit passageway.
Maximum height of a Siamese connection above the ground.
Maximum distance of any portion of a building from the nozzle of a 23 mts fire hose.
Minimum number of exit for any stage.
Minimum extension of a proscenium wall above the roof.
Minimum width of a stair in a stage egress.
Minimum thickness of glass for jalousies.
Maximum length of glass for jalousies.
Minimum width of exit in a stage.
Minimum lateral spacing for plastic skylights.
A store window in which goods are displayed.
Maximum width of a business sign.
Minimum distance of a sign from any electrical post or telephone wires.
Minimum open space requirement for a corner lot.
Minimum size of thread for an entrance or exit step.
Maximum slope for an entrance or exit ramp.
Minimum number of steps for an entrance or exit stair.
Standard turn circle of a wheelchair.
Office building parking ratio.
Standard size of a perpendicular parking slot.
Hotel building parking ratio.
Hospital building parking ratio.
Maximum distance of a handicapped parking from the facility being served.
Colleges and university parking ratio.
Theaters, cinemas, auditoria, and stadia parking ratio.
Minimum number of wheelchair seating space for 51-300 seating capacity for auditoriums.
Minimum width of a dropped curb.
Minimum Dimensions of an accessible elevator.
Maximum distance of an accessible elevator from the entrance of a building.
Minimum height of signs on walls and doors for the disabled to see comfortable.
Minimum door width for an accessible elevator.
Minimum dimensions for an accessible water closet stall.
Maximum height of signs on walls and doors for the disabled to see comfortably.
Minimum width of a parking slot for the disabled.

2.00 mts.
1.20 mts.
12.00 cum.
1.80 mts.
0.30 cum
10% of flr. Area
0.60 mtr.
300 mm
2.40 mts.
2.40 mts.
600 kgs./sqm.
1.00 mtr.
120 kgs./sqm.
0.90 mtr.
2.70 mts.
0.80 mtr.
1.20 mts.
One is to ten (1:10)
250 mm
2.00 mts.
One is to Eight (1:8)
1.20 m
6.00 mts.
2
1.20 mts.
750 mm
5.60 mm
1.20 mts.
900 mm
2.50 mts.
Show window
1.20 mts.
1.00 mtr.
10% of lot area
300 mm
One is to ten (1:10)
2
1.50 mts.
1:125 sqm. Of gross floor area
2.40 X 5.00 mts.
1:10 bedrooms
1:25 beds
60.00 mts.
1:5 classrooms
1:50 sqm. Of spectators' area
4
0.90 mtr.
1.10 X 1.40 mts.
30.00 mts.
1.40 mts.
0.80 mtr.
1.70 X 1.80 mts.
1.60 mts.
3.70 mts.

Page 41 of 50

National Building Code

107
108
109
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114
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116
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156

Minimum run of a stair for Group A dwellings (residential)


Minimum ceiling height from 3rd floor to succeeding floors with artificial ventilation.
Minimum area of rooms for human habitation.
Least dimension of rooms for human habitation.
Least dimension of an air duct.
Maximum encroachment into a public sidewalk of a foundation at least 600 mm below
the grade line.
Minimum width of an exit door.
Maximum width reduced by handrails and doors fully opened to balconies and
corridors
Minimum width of stairs serving more than 50 occupants.
Minimum width of stairs serving less than 10 occupants.
Maximum reduction in width of a stair due to trims and handrails.
Minimum run of a winding stair.
Maximum run of a winding stair.
Allowable tolerance in the rise and run of every step.
Width of stair requiring an intermediate handrail.
Minimum width of an aisle serving both sides.
Maximum number of seats between the wall and the aisle.
Maximum distance between the back of each seat to the front of the seat behind it.
Maximum width of seat in a stand.
Maximum projection of a penthouse or other projections above the roof.
Maximum ratio of a penthouse area to that of the supporting roof.
Minimum thickness of masonry chimney for residentials.
Minimum thickness of rubble stone masonry chimney for residentials.
Minimum firebox wall thickness.
Minimum thickness of smoke chamber back walls.
minimum thickness of front and side smoke chamber walls.
Minimum number of storeys requiring one (1) or more dry standpipes.
Minimum volume of water a dry standpipe should provide.
Diameter of a dry standpipe requiring a two-way Siamese connection.
Diameter of a dry standpipe requiring a three-way Siamese connection.
Diameter of a dry standpipe requiring a four-way Siamese connection.
Minimum volume of water an interior wet standpipe should provide.
Minimum diameter of a wet standpipe.
Standard diameter of a dry standpipe opening.
Standard length of a fire hose.
Maximum distance of a hose nozzle to any portion of a building.
Standard diameter of a wet standpipe valve.
Maximum projection into a sidewalk of a sign 4.50 mts. above grade.
Minimum vertical clearance from the bottom of a signage to an arcaded sidewalk.
Minimum vertical clearance from the bottom of a signage to non-arcaded sidewalk.
Number of days of work abandonment of stoppage for a building permit to expire.
Width of planting strip for sidewalks 2.00 mts in width.
Minimum horizontal distance of the curb line to the outermost face of an arcade.
Maximum vertical clearance of an arcade above grade.
Slope of ramp of road-way to sidewalk.
Slope of driveway to sidewalk where the height of curb is 200 mm and above.
Minimum vertical clearance of primary lines from the crown of the pavement when
crossing the highway.
Minimum vertical clearance of primary lines from top of sidewalk when installed along
the side of the highway.
Vertical clearance of secondary lines from sidewalks along or crossing the street.
Minimum clearance of conductors from the highest point of a roof.

200 mm
2.10 mts.
6.00 sqm.
2.00 mts.
300 mm
500 mm
0.90 mts.
200 mm
1.10 mts.
750 mm
100 mm
150 mm
300 mm
5 mm
3.00 mts.
1.00 mts.
7
300 mm
480 mm
8.40 mts
one third (1/3)
100 mm
300 mm
250 mm
150 mm
200 mm
4
900 liters/minute
4" (100mm)
5" (125mm)
6" (150mm)
190 liters/minute
2" (50mm)
2 1/2" (63mm)
23.00 mts
6.00 mts.
38 mm (11/2")
1.00 mtr.
5.00 mts.
3.00 mts.
120 days
0.80 mtr.
500 mm
6.00 mts.
1/3 - 1/4
One is to Eight (1:8)
10.00 mts.
7.5 mts.
7.5 mts.
2.50 mts.

Page 42 of 50

National Building Code

157 Maximum height of a dumbwaiter.


158 Maximum area of a dumbwaiter.
159 Minimum clearance of conductors from any platform or ground or projection from which
they might be reached.
160 Minimum vertical clearance of service drop of communication lines above ground at its
point of attachment to than building or pedestal.
161 Vertical clearance of a service drop communication line when crossing a street.
162 Maximum capacity of a dumbwaiter.
163 Minimum width of an access road to a cul-de-sac.
164 Unit area per occupant for dwellings.
165 Unit area per occupant for Hotels.
166 Unit area per occupant for offices and garages.
167 Unit area per occupant for class rooms.
168 Unit area per occupant for stores - retail sales rooms upper floors.
169 Unit area per occupant for nurseries for children.
170 Unit area for stores -retail sales room for basement and ground floor.
171 Unit area for hospitals and sanitaria.
172 Unit area per occupant for aircraft hangars without repairs.
173 Unit area per occupant for warehouses and mechanical equipment room.
174 Unit area per occupant for theaters and the like.
175 Parking requirement for Hotels.
176 Parking requirement for public assembly buildings such as cinemas, auditoria, theaters,
and the like.
177 Parking requirement for multi family living unit of 50 sqm floor area.
178 Parking requirement for multi family living unit above 100 sqm floor area.
179 Parking requirement for multi family living unit for 50-100 sqm floor area.
180 Parking requirement for clubhouses, beach houses, and the like.
181 Parking requirement for motels.
182 Minimum parking requirement for the handicapped.
183 Parking requirement for colleges and universities.
184 Parking requirement for elementary, secondary, and vocational schools.
185 In BP344, the required width of a corridor.
186 Maximum slope of a drop curb towards the street.
187 Maximum slope of a drop curb towards adjoining curb.
188 Maximum spacing for wheelchair turnabouts.
189 Maximum slope of a ramp.
190 Maximum distance of handicapped parking from the structure served.
191 Preferred width of corridor for the disabled.
192 Maximum height of a water closet from the floor.
193 Preferred height of switches from the floor.
194 Minimum height of a switch from the floor.
195 Maximum height of a switch from the floor.
196 Least dimension for a parking slot for the disabled.
197 In BP344, the minimum height of a handrail.
198 Maximum length of a ramp for wheelchair.
199 Minimum length of a ramp landing for wheelchairs.
200 One or more habitable rooms which are occupied or which are intended or designated to
be occupied by one family with facilities for cooking , sleeping, living, and eating.
201 That portion of the foundation of a structure which spreads and transmits loads directly
to the ground or soil.
202 A continuous horizontal layer of masonry units.
203 A room or suite of two or more rooms, designed and intended for , or occupied by one
family for living, sleeping, eating, and cooking purposes.
204 A stationary open hearth or brazier, either fuel-fired or electric, used for food preparation.

1.20 mts.
3,861 sqcms.
3.00 mts.
3.00 mts.
5.50 mts.
277 kgs.
3.00 mts.
28.00 sqm.
18.6 sqm.
9.30 sqm.
1.80 sqm.
5.60 sqm.
3.25 sqm.
2.80 sqm.
8.40 sqm.
46.50 sqm.
28.00 sqm.
0.65 sqm.
1 slot/5 rooms
1 slot/50 sqm. Of spectators' area
1slot/8 units
1 slot/unit
1 slot/4 units
1 slot/100 sqm of gross flr.area
1 slot/unit
1 slot/50 parking slots
1 slot/5 classrooms
1 slot/10 classrooms
1.20 mts.
1:20
1:12
12.00 mts.
1:12
60.00 mts.
1.50 mts.
0.50 mts.
1.10 mts.
0.90 mts.
1.20 mts.
3.70 mts.
0.70 mtr.
6.00 mts.
1.50 mts.
Dwelling unit
Footing
Course
Apartment
Barbecue

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National Building Code

205 A portion of the seating space of an assembly room, the lowest part of which is raised
1.20 mts or more above the level of the main floor.
206 The pipe which connects a flue-burning appliance to a chimney.
207 A hearth and fire chamber or similarly prepared place in which a fire may be made and
which is built in conjunction with a chimney.
208 A horizontal structural piece which supports the end of the floor beams or joists or walls
over opening.
209 Same as heliport except that no refueling, maintenance, repairs, or storage of
helicopters is permitted.
210 The vertical supports, such as posts or stanchions, as used in indigenous or traditional
type of construction.
211 Any surface or underground construction covered on top, or any fire-proof construction
intended for the storage of valuables.
212 A term which may be used synonymously with a partition.
213 The unit area per occupant for hotels.
214 The unit area per occupant for dining establishments.
215 The unit area per occupant for theaters.
216 A building permit shall expire if work authorized is abandoned or suspended at any time
after commencement for a period of.
217 Front yards for commercial buildings abutting a road-right-of-way of 25-29 meters shall
have a minimum width of
218 Offices shall be provided how many cubic meters of air per person?
219 Multiple living units of up to 6 units built on the same lot shall have an access road
directly connecting said building to a public street a width of.
220 Sidewalks of 2 mts or more in width shall include on its outer side a planting strip of not
less than how many millimeters in width?
221 Arcades shall be cantilevered from the building line over the sidewalk and the horizontal
clearance between the curb line and the outermost face of any part of the arcade shall
not be less than.
222 Printing plants shall be classified under what type of occupancy.
223 Power plants shall be classified under what type of occupancy.
224
Convents shall be classified under what type of occupancy.
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232

Repair garages shall be classified under what type of occupancy.


Reformatories shall be classified under what type of occupancy.
Turnabout should also be provided at or whithin how many meters of dead end.
In B.P. 344, the maximum slope a ramp is.
Under B.P. 344, a level area of not less than how many meters shall be provided at the
top and bottom of any ramp.
Under what classification of occupancy does Mental Hospitals fall?

233
234
235
236
237
238

Under what classification of occupancy does Aircraft hagars fall?


Under what classification of occupancy does cold storage and creameris fall?
Under what classification of occupancy does private garage fall?
Minimum loading slot requirement for Hospitals and hotels.
Minimum travel distance from handicapped parking to facility being served.
Percentage required for number of parking if parking garages are available within 200
meters of structure.
Parking requirement for amusement centers.
Parking requirement for markets.
Parking requirement for neigborhood shopping centers.
Parking requirement for multi-family living units of more than 100 sqm of living unit area.

239
240
241
242

Under what classification of occupancy does Monasteries fall?

Balcony
Chimney connector
Fireplace
Girder

Helistop
Suportales
Vault
Cross wall
18.60 sqm.
1.40 sqm.
0.65 sqm.
120 days / 4 mos.
8.00 mts.
12.00 cum.
3.00 mts.
800 mm / 0.80 mtr.
500 mm
Business and mercantile
Industrial
Residentials, hotels
and apartments.
Storage and hazardous
Institutional
3.50 mts.
1:12
1.80 mts.
Institutional
Residentials, hotels
and apartments.
Business and mercantile
Industrial
Accessory
1 truck loading slot
60 mts.
20%
1/50 sqm of gross floor area
1/150 sqm of shopping flr area
1/100 sqm of shopping flr area
1/living unit

Page 44 of 50

National Building Code

243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260

Parking requirement for multi-family living units of up to 50 sqm of living unit area.
Parking requirement for places of worship.
Maximum projection of a balcony over a street of over 3 meters but not more than 6 mts.
Maximum projection of a balcony over a street of 10 mts to less than 11 mts in width.
Maximum height of 1st the floor for a 2-story wood structure with a height of 7 mts.
Maximum spacing of posts for 2-story wooden structure with a height of 8 mts.
Under what classification of occupancy does fences of over 1.80 mts in height fall?
Under what classification of occupancy does Aircraft repair hangars fall?
Under what classification of occupancy does factories and workshops using
incombustible and non-explosive materials.
Under what classification of occupancy does wood working establishements fall?
Under what classification of occupancy does police and fire stations fall?
Standard length of a Wheelchair.
Standard width of a wheelchair.
How many meters above the floor is the comfortable reach of persons confined to a
wheelchair.
How many meterd is the comfortable clearance for knee and leg space under tables for
wheelchair users.
Accessibility, reachability, usability, orientation, workability and efficiency, and ___ are
the basic planning requirements of BP344.
Number of wheelchair seating for an assembly seating capacity of 51-300.
R.A. 7277

261 A long interior passageway providing access to several rooms.


262 A raised rim of concrete, stone or metal which forms the edge of street, sidewalk, etc.

1/8 living units


1/50 sqm of congregation are
0.60 mtr.
1.00 mtr.
4.50 mts.
4.50 mts.
Accessory
Storage and hazardous
Industrial
Storage and hazardous
Business and mercantile
1.10 - 1.30 mts.
0.60 - 0.75 mts.
0.70 - 1.20 mts.
0.74 mts.
Safety
4
Magna Carta for Disabled
Persons
Corridor
Curb

Page 45 of 50

History of Architecture
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57
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59
60
61
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64

In Egyptian architecture, the tomb of the pharaohs is the.


The great pyramid at Gizeh was built during the 4th dynasty by.
The beginner of the great hypostyle hall at karnak and the founder of the 19th dynasty.
The mineral of greatest importance to Greek architecture of which Greece and her
domains had ample supply of was.
Greek architecture was essentially.
Forming the imposing entrance to the acropolis and erected by the architect Mnesicles
is the.
The building in the acropolis generally considered as being the most nearly perfect
building ever erected is the.
With the use of concrete made possible by pozzolan, a native natural cement, the
Romans achieved huge interiors with the.
Which of the order was added by the Romans to the orders used by the Greeks.
From the 5th century to the present, the character of Byzantine architecture is the
practice of using.
The finest and remaining example of Byzantine architecture.
The architectural character of the Romanesque architecture is.
Romanesque architecture in Italy is distinguished from that of the rest of Europe by the
use of what material for facing walls.
The most famous and perfect preservation of all ancient buildings in Rome.
The space between the colonnade and the naos wall in Greek temple.
Amphitheaters are used for ___.
An ancient Greek Portico, a long colonnaded shelter used in public places.
The fortified high area or citadel of an ancient Greek City.
An upright ornament at the eaves of a tile roof, concealing the foot of a row of convex
tiles that cover the joints of the flat tiles.
Strictly, a pedestal at the corners or peak of a roof to support an ornament, more usually,
the ornament itself.
Also called a 'Honeysuckle' ornament.
In ancient Greece and Rome, a storeroom of any kind, but especially for storing wine.
The characteristic of Greek ornament.
The use of ___ for facing walls distinguishes Romanesque architecture in Italy from that
of the rest of Europe.
The outstanding group of Romanesque is found in ___.
The dining hall in a monastery, a convent, or a college.
The architecture of the curved line is known as ___.
The open court in an Italian palazzo.
The ornamental pattern work in stone, filling the upper part of a Gothic window.
Japanese tea house.
A Muslim temple, a mosque for public worship, also known as place for prostration.
Domical mound containing a relic.
Ifugao house (southern strain).
In Mesopotamian architecture, religion called for temples made of sun-dried bricks.
The style of the order with massive and tapering columns resting on a base of 3 steps.
Tomb of the pharaohs.
Earthen burial mounds containing upright and lintel stones forming chambers for
consecutive burials for several to a hundred persons.
A semi-circular or semi-polygonal space, usually in church, terminating in axis and
intended to house an altar.
Temples in Greece that have a double line of columns surrounding the naos.
Senate house for chief dignitaries in Greek architecture
Architect of the Einstein Tower.
Founder of the Bauhaus School of Art.
What architectural term is termed to be free from any historical style?
From what architecture is the Angkor Vat?
The architect of Chrysler building in N.Y.
Another term for crenel or intervals between merlon of a battlement.
Taj Mahal temple is located in ___.
In the middle kingdom, in Egyptian architecture, who consolidate the administrative
system, made a survey of the country, set boundaries to the provinces, and other helpful
works.
Who erected the earliest known obelisk at Heliopolis.
Jubilee festivals of the pharaohs.
The world's first large-scale monument in stone.
The highest sloped pyramid in Gizeh
A vault created when two barrel vaults intersect at the right angles.
Sarimanok is a dcor reflecting the culture of the ___.
Caryatid porch is from what architecture?
Female statues with baskets serving as columns.
A small tower usually corbelled at the corner of the castle.
A hall built in Roman Empire for the administration of justice.
The Parthenon is from what architecture.
A roof in which 4 faces rests diagonally between the gables and converge at the roof.
A compound bracket or capital in Japanese architecture.
A concave molding approximately quarter round.
Architect of Iglesia ni Cristo.

Pyramid
Cheops
Rameses 1
Marble
Columnar trabeated
Propylaea
Parthenon
Arch and vault
Composite
Domical roof construction
St. Sophia, Constantinople
Sober and dignified
Marble
Pantheon
Pteroma
Gladiatorial Contests
Stoa
Acropolis
Antefix (Antefixae)
Acroterion / Acroterium
Anthemion
Apotheca
Anthemion
Marble
Pisa
Refectory
Baroque
Cortel
Tracery
Cha-sit-su
Masjid
Stupa
Bale
Ziggurat
Doric
Pyramid
Tumuli
Apse
Dipteral
Prytaneion
Erich Mendelsohn
Walter Gropius
Art Noveau
Cambodian
Van Alen
Embrasures
Agra
Amenemhat I
Senusret I
Heb-sed
Pyramid of Zoser
Pyramid of Khufu
Groin Vault
Visayan
Greek
Canephora
Bartizan
Basilica
Greek
Helm Roof
Masu-gumi
Cavetto
Carlos Santos Viola
Page 46 of 50

History of Architecture
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94

95
96
97

A Filipino architect whose philosophy is 'the structure must be well oriented'.


What is not required as a feature in modern Muslim mosque.
Architect of Robinson's Galleria
Major contribution of the Renaissance Architecture.
"A house is like a flower pot"
Richly carved coffins of Greece and Mesopotamia.
King Zoser's architect who was deified in the 26th dynasty.
The council house in Greece.
Elizabethan Architecture is from what architecture.
Art Noveau style first appeared in what structure.
A faced without columns or pilaster in renaissance architecture.
Art Noveau is known as the international style, in Germany it is known as ___.
Less is more.
First school which offered architecture in the Philippines.
Embrasures.
Formal architecture, one of the principles of composition.
Different historical styles combined.
Architect of TWA airport.
The falling water by Frank Lloyd Wright is also known as ___.
First president and founder of PAS.
"Modern architecture need not be western".
Architect of the national library, Philippines.
The xerxes hall of hundred columns was introduced during the Mesopotamian
architecture, which palace was it used.
Taj Mahal is a building example of what architecture.
The convex projecting molding of eccentric curve supporting the abacus of a Doric capital.
Pantiles used for Chinese roofings.
Greek equivalent of the Roman forum, a place of open air assembly or market.
A slight vertical curvature in the shaft of a column.
The very ornate style of architecture developed in the later renaissance period.
A multi-storied shrine like towers, originally a Buddhist monument of diminishing size with
corbelled cornice and moldings.
"cubicula" or bedroom is from what architecture.
From the Greek forms of temple, the three where it lies is known as ___.
From the Greek temples, a temple that have porticoes of columns at the front and rear.
Memorial monuments of persons buried elsewhere in Roman architecture.

98 The three pyramids in Gizeh


99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108

109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125

The cistern storage of collected rainwater underneath the azotea of the bahay na bato.
A shallow cistern or drain area in the center of a house.
In Greek temples, the equivalent of the crypt is the ___.
The tomb beneath a church.
A raised stage reserved for the clergy in early Christian churches.
A decorative bracket usually taking the form of a cyma reversa strap.
Semi-palatial house surrounded by an open site.
A roman house with a central patio.
Revival of classical Roman style
The style emerging in western Europe in the early 11th century, based on Roman and
Byzantine elements, characterized by massive articulated wall structures, round arches,
and powerful vaults, and lasting until the advent of Gothic architecture.
Architect and furniture designer.
First registered architect in the Philippines.
The public square of imperial Rome.
Architect of Manila Hilton Hotel.
Finest example of French-Gothic architecture
How many stained glass are there in the Chartres Cathedral?
Agora is from what architecture?
Sacred artificial mountains of Babylon and Assyria.
A plant whose leaves form the lower portions of the Corinthian capital.
Structure of wedge-shaped blocks over an opening.
The space between the sloping roof over the aisle and the aisle vaulting, so also called
a blind story.
A windowed wall that rises above the roof of adjacent walls that admit light into the
A windowed wall that rises above the roof of adjacent walls that admit light into the
A standard, usually of length, by which the proportions of a building are determined.
The triangular or segmental space enclosed by a pediment or arch.
A line of counterthrusting arches on columns or piers.
In the classical order, the lowest part or member of the entablature; the beam that spans
from column to column.
In classical architecture, the elaborated beam member carried by the columns.

126 Parts of an entablature, in order of top to bottom.


127 Plan shape of a Chinese pagoda.
128 Usual number of stories for a Chinese pagoda.

Caesar Homer Concio


Pinnacle
William Cosculluela
Baroque for of Ornamentation
Richard Josef Neutra
Sarcophagus
Imhotep
Bouleuterion
U.S. / English Renaissance
Tussel House
Astylar
Jugendstijl
Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
Liceo de Manila
Crenel
Balance
Eclecticism
Eero Saarinen
Kaufman House
Juan Nakpil
Kenzo Tange
Felipe Mendoza
Palace of Persepolis
Saracenic Architecture
Echinus
S-tiles
Agora
Entasis
Baroque
Pagoda
Roman
Crepidoma
Amphi-Prostyle
Cenotaphs
Cheops
Chefren
Mykerinos
Aljibe
Impluvium
Naos
Crypt
Bema
Console
Villa
Atrium House
Romanesque
Romanesque
Alvar Aalto
Tomas Mapua
Forum
Welton Becket
Chartres Cathedral
176
Greek
Ziggurat
Acanthus
Arch
Triforium
Clerestory
Module
Tympanum
Arcade
Architrave
Entablature
Cornice
Frieze
Architrave
Octagonal
13
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193
194
195
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198

A special feature of Japanese houses, used to display a flower arrangement or art.


Plan shape of a Japanese pagoda.
The most famous structure of Byzantine architecture and notable of its large dome.
Triangular piece of wall above the entablature.
A spherical triangle forming the transition from the circular plan of a dome to the polygonal plan of its supporting structure.
A long arcaded entrance porch in an early Christian church.
The principal or central part of a church, extending from the narthex to the choir or
chancel and usually flanked by aisles.
The covered walk of an atrium.
A basin for ritual cleansing with water in the atrium of an early Christian basilica.
A large apsidal extension of the interior volume of a church.
An ornamental canopy of stone or marble permanently place over the altar in a church.
A decorative niche often topped with a canopy and housing a statue.
A recess in a wall to contain a statue or other small items.
A tower in the Muslim Mosque used to call people to prayer.
Coffers, sunken panels in the ceiling.
The Buddhist temple in ancient Cambodia which feature four faces of the compassionate
Buddha.
A term given to the mixture of Christian, Spanish, and Muslim 12th-16th century
architecture.
Projecting blocks of stone carved with foliage, typical in Gothic architecture.
A slab forming the crowning member of the capital.
The crowning member of a column.
A rectangular or square slab supporting the column at the base.
A low screen wall enclosing the choir in early Christian church.
The cold section of a Roman Bath.
This church in the Philippines is the seat of the Malolos Congress.
The palace proper in Assyrian palaces.
Holy mountains.
Architect of the famous propylaea, Acropolis.
Private family apartments in Assyrian palaces.
The most stupendous and impressive of the rock-cut-temples.
The four-seated colossal statues of Rameses II is carved in the pylon of the ___.
Favorite motifs of design of the Egyptians.
Two main classes of temples in Egyptian Architecture.
Egyptian temples for ministrations to deified pharaohs.
Structure whose corners are made to face the four cardinal points.
Structure whose sides are made to face the four cardinal points.
Egyptian temples for the popular worship of the ancient and the mysterious gods.
The use of monsters in doorways is prevalent in what architecture?
The Greek male statues used as columns.
A recessed or alcove with raised seats where disputes took place.
A single line of columns surrounding the Naos.
The uppermost step in the crepidoma.
The lowest step in the crepidoma.
A building in Greek and Roman for exercises or physical activities.
The three chamber of a Greek temple.
A Greek building that contains painted pictures.
Temple with a portico of columns arranged in front.
The clear space in between columns.
Intercolumniation of 2.25 diameters.
Intercolumniation of 4 diameters.
Intercolumniation of 2 diameters.
Pycnostyle intercolumniation has how many diameters?
Diastyle intercolumniation has how many diameters.
A kindred type to the theater.
Roman building which is a prototype of the hippodrome of the Greek.
Roman building for which gladiatorial battles took place.
What sporting event takes place in the Palaestra?
A foot race course in the cities.
A temple with 1-4 columns arranged between antae at the front.
A temple with 1-4 columns arranged between antae at the front and rear.
In Greek, it is the Roman prototype of the Thermae.
Greek order that has no base.
The most beautiful and best preserved of the Greek theaters.
What orders did the Etruscans and the Romans add making 5 in all?
What allowed the Romans to build vaults of a magnitude never equaled till the birth of
steel for buildings.
The finest of all illustrations of Roman construction.
The oldest and most important forum in Rome.
Who commenced the 'hall of hundred columns'?
Who completed the 'hall of hundred columns'?
Architects of the Parthenon.
Master sculptor of the Parthenon.
In Roman fountains, the large basin of water.

Tokonama
Square
Hagia Sophia
Pediment
Pendentive
Narthex
Nave
Ambulatory
Cantharus
Exedra
Baldachino
Tabernacle
Niche
Minaret
Lacunaria
Bayon
Mudejar
Crocket
Abacus
Capital
Plinth
Chancel
Frigidarium
Barasoain Church
Seraglio
Ziggurat
Mnesicles
Harem
Great Temple, Abu Simbel
Great Temple, Abu Simbel
Palm, Lotus, and Papyrus
Mortuary and Cult Temples
Mortuary Temple
Ziggurat
Pyramid
Cult Temple
Persian
Atlantes
Exedra
Peripteral
Stylobate
Stereobate
Gymnasium
Pronaos, Naos, and Epinaos
Pinacotheca
Prostyle
Intercolumniation
Eustyle
Areostyle
Systyle
1.5 Diameters
3 Diameters
Odeion
Circus
Colosseum
Wrestling
stadium
In Antis
Amphi-Antis
Gymnasium
Doric
Epidauros
Tuscan and Composite
Use of Concrete
Pantheon
Forum Romanum
Xerxes
Artaxerxes
Callicrates and Ictinus
Phidias
Lacus
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History of Architecture
199 Spouting jets in Roman fountain.
200 The oldest circus in Rome.
201 The colosseum in Rome also known as the "flavian amphitheater" was commenced by
whom and completed by whom?
202 Architect of the Erechtheion.
203 A water clock or an instrument for measuring time by the use of water.
204 The finest of Greek Tombs, also known as the 'tomb of Agamemnon'.
205 Architect of the Temple of Zeus, Agrigentum
206 Architect of the Temples of Zeus, Olympia.
207 Roman architect of the Greek Temples of Zeus, Olympius.
208 Both the regula and the mutule has guttae numbering a total of ___.
209 A quadrigas is a ___.
210 The water-leaf and tongue is a usual ornament found in the ___.
211 The Corona is usually painted with the ___.
212 Greek sculptures may be classified as "architectural sculpture, free standing statuary,
and the ___".
213 One of the best examples of a surviving megaron type of Greek domestic building.
214 The molding that is often found in the Doric Order.
215 The wall or colonnade enclosing the Temenos
216 The private house of the Romans.
217 Roman rectangular temples stood on a ___.
218 Roman large square tiles.
219 A type of Roman wall facing with alternating courses of brickworks.
220 A type of Roman wall facing which is made of small stone laid in a loose pattern roughly
resembling polygonal work.
221 A type of Roman wall facing with a net-like effect.
222 A type of roman wall facing with rectangular block with or without mortar joints.
223 A Roman structure used as hall of justice and commercial exchanges.
224 A type of monument erected to support a tripod, as a prize for athletic exercises or
musical competitions in Greek festivals.
225 A type of ornament in classic or renaissance architecture consisting of an assemblage
of straight lines intersecting at right angles, and of various patterns.
226 Figures of which the upper parts alone are carved, the rest running into a parallelopiped
or diminishing pedestal.
227 Marble mosaic pattern used on ceilings of vaults and domes.
228 Conceptualized the Corinthian capital.
229 The sleeping room of the 'megaron'.
230 The origin of the door architrave.
231 The atrium type of house originated with the ___.
232 Roman apartment blocks.
233 A building in classic architecture decorated with flowers and plants with water for the
purpose of relaxation.
234 !5th to 18th century architecture.
235 "Form follows function".
236 The dominating personality who became an ardent disciple of the Italian renaissance
style.
237 A pillared hall in which the roofs rests on the column in Egyptian temples.
238 Who began the building of the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak?
239 Architect of the Great Serapeum at Alexandria.
240 He created the Dymaxion House, "the first machine for living".
241 Tombs built for the Egyptian nobility rather than the royalty.
242 Architect of the Lung Center of the Philippines.
243 The warm room in the Thermae.
244 The Hot room of the Thermae.
245 The cold or unheated pool in the Thermae.
246 The dry or sweating room in the Thermae.
247 The dressing room of the Thermae.
248 The room for oils and unguents in the thermae.
249 Orientation of the Roman temple is towards the ___.
250 Orientation of the Greek temple is towards the ___.
251 Orientation of the Etruscan temple is towards the ___.
252 Orientation of the Medieval Church.
253 The space for the clergy and choir is separated by a low screen wall from the body of the
church called ___.
254 On either side of the choir, pulpits for the reading of the epistle and the gospel are
called.
255 In some churches, there is a part which is raised as part of the sanctuary which later
developed into the transept, this is the ___.
256 In early Christian churches, the bishop took the central place at the end of the church
called ___.
257 The iconoclastic movement during the Byzantine period forbade the use of ___.
258 Type of plan of the Byzantine churches.
259 Architects of the Hagia Sophia. (St. Sophia, Constantinople)
260 The supreme monument of Byzantine architecture.
261 Smallest cathedral in the world. (Byzantine period)

Salientes
Circus Maximus
Vespasian / Domitian
Mnesicles
Clepsydra
Treasury of Atreus
Theron
Libon
Cossutius
18
4-horse Chariot
Cyma Reversa
Key Pattern
Sculptured Reliefs
House #33
Bird's Beak
Peribolus
Domus
Podium
Bepidales
Opus Mixtum
Opus Incertum
Opus Recticulatum
Opus Quadratum
Basilica
Choragic Monument
Fret
Termini
Opus Tesselatum
Callimachus
Thalamus
Timber-enframed Portal
Etruscans
Insula
Nymphaeum
Renaissance
Louis Sullivan
Iigo Jones
Hypostyle Hall
Thothmes I
Ptolemy III
Buckminster Fuller
Rock-Hewn Tombs
George Ramos
Tepidarium
Calidarium
Frigidarium
Sudatorium
Apodyteria
Unctuaria
Forum
East
South
West
Cancelli
Ambo

Apse
Statues
Centralized
Anthemius and Isidorus
St. Sophia, Constantinople
Little Metropole Cath., Athens

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History of Architecture
262 One of the few churches of its type to have survived having a square nave and without
cross-arms, roofed by a dome which spans to the outer walls of the building.
263 A tower raised above a roof pierced to admit light.
the covered passage around an open space or garth, connecting the church to the chapter
house, refectory and other parts of the monastery.
264 The prominent feature of the facades in Romanesque Central Italy.
265 The best example of a German Romanesque church with apses at both east and west
ends.
266 The term applied to the Episcopal church of the diocese and also the important structure
of the Gothic period.
267 The first plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Bramante.
268 The final plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Carlo Maderna.
269 He erected the entrance Piazza at St. Peter's Basilica.
270 Used as food storage in the Bahay na Bato.
271 The granary in traditional Bontoc House.
272 Architect of the World Trade Center.
273 The Erechtheion of Mnesicles is from what architecture?
274 The part of the Corinthian capital without flower.
275 The Pantheon is from what architecture.
276 The architect of the Pantheon.
277 The senate house of the Greeks.
278 Architect of the Bi-Nuclear House, the H-Plan.
279 Mexican Architect/Engineer who introduced thin shell construction.
280 In the Doric Order, the shaft terminates in the ___.
281 In what Order is the Parthenon.
282 In what Order is the temple of Nike Apteros, Athens.
283 This temple is dedicated to 'Wingless Victory'.
284 This structure in Greece was erected by Andronikos Cyrrhestes for measuring time by
means of a clepsydra internally and sun dial externally.
285 In the Cyma Reversa molding of the Romans, what ornaments are usually found?
286 From what architecture is the Stoa?
287 The Egyptian Ornament symbolizing fertility.
288 Egyptian Temple for popular worship of the ancient and mysterious gods.
289 A small private bath found in Roman houses or palaces.
290 Corresponds to the Greek naos.
291 The large element in the frieze.
292 "A is a machine to live in".
293 Architect of the Chicago Tribune Tower.
294 "Architecture is Organic".
295 Invented reinforced concrete in France.
296 First elected U.A.P. president.
297 Designer of the Bonifacio Monument.
298 Sculptor for the Bonifacio Monument.
299 Designer of the Taj Mahal.
300 Male counterpart of the Caryatids.
301 Like Caryatids and Atlantes, this is a three-quarter length figures.
302 This is a pedestal with human, animal, or mythological creatures at the top.
303 A small payer house in Egyptian architecture.
304 Where "Constructivism" originated?
305 Expressionist Architect.
306 Founders of the "Art Noveau".
307 Combination of the new art and the graphing of the old art.
308 Return in the use of Roman Orders in modern age.
309 Scheme or solution of a problem in architecture.
310 Architect of the Batasang Pambansa.
311 Architect of the Philippine Heart Center.
312 Architect of the Rizal Memorial Stadium.
313 The architect of the Quiapo Church before its restoration.
314 Built by the Franciscan priest Fr. Blas dela Madre, this church in Rizal whose design
depicts the heavy influence of Spanish Baroque, was declared a national treasure.
315 This church, 1st built by the Augustinian Fr. Miguel Murguia, has an unusually large bell
which was made from approximately 70 sacks of coins donated by the towns people.
316 Architect of SM Megamall.
317 Central Bank of the Philippines, Manila.
318 G.S.I.S. Building, Roxas Boulevard.
319 The tower atop the torogan where the princess and her ladies in waiting hide during
occasions.
320 Found in the ground floor of the bahay na bato, it is where the carriages and floats are
kept.
321 The emergency hideout found directly behind the neadboard of the Sultan's bed.
322 The flat, open terrace open to the toilet, bath, and kitchen areas and also used as a
laundry and drying space and service area for the servants.
323 In the kitchen of the bahay kubo, the table on top of which is the river stone, shoe-shaped
stove or kalan is known as ___.

Nea Moni
Lantern
Cloisters
Ornamental Arcades
Worms Cathedral
Cathedral
Greek Cross
Latin Cross
Bernini
Dispensa
Falig
Minoru Yamasaki
Greek
Balteus
Roman
Agrippa
Prytaneion
Marcel Lajos Breuer
Felix Outerino Candela
Hypotrachelion
Doric
Ionic
Temple of Nike Apteros, Athens
Tower of the Winds, Athens
Acanthus and Dolphin
Greek
Papyrus
Cult Temple
Balneum
Cella
Triglyph
Le Corbusier
Eliel Saarinen
Frank Lloyd Wright
Hennevique
Jose Herrera
Juan Nakpil
Guillermo Tolentino
Shah Jahan
Telamones or Atlantes
Herms
Terms
Madrassah
Moscow
Erich Mendelsohn
John Ruskin and William Moris
Eclecticism
Neo-Classism
Parti
Felipe Mendoza
George Ramos
Juan Nakpil
Juan Nakpil
Morong Church
Panay Capiz
Antonio Sin Diong
Gabriel Formoso
George Ramos
Lamin
Zaguan
Bilik
Azotea
Dapogan

Page 50 of 50