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In this paper availability model for a linear (circular) consecutive-k-out-of-n:F system (or C(k, n:F) system) of non-identical components has been considered. It is assumed that both the working time and repair time of each component are Rayleigh distributed. The estimate of the parameters from the Rayleigh distribution can be represented by triangular fuzzy numbers. A numerical example is solved to demonstrate the procedure clarifying the theoretical development.

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ISSN 2250-3153

system of non-identical components with fuzzy rates

M. A. El-Damcese

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

consecutive-k-out-of-n:F system (or C(k, n:F) system) of nonidentical components has been considered. It is assumed that

both the working time and repair time of each component are

Rayleigh distributed. The estimate of the parameters from the

Rayleigh distribution can be represented by triangular fuzzy

numbers. A numerical example is solved to demonstrate the

procedure clarifying the theoretical development.

and repair rate

(t )

is shown in Figure 1.

(t )

0

working

component

1

Failed

component

Rayleigh distribution; fuzzy rates.

(t )

I. INTRODUCTION

edundancy is used in design to improve system availability.

redundancy. Suppose that n components are linearly (circularly)

connected in such a way that the system fails if and only if at

least k consecutive components fail. The C(k, n :F) system (both

linear and circular) include the series and the parallel systems as

special cases. For example, when k=n the linear and circular C(k,

n :F) system becomes the series system, and when k=1, the linear

and circular C(k, n :F) system becomes the parallel system. The

problem of evaluating the reliability of the C(k, n:F) system has

been the subject of many paper [1-5]. Though various studies of

the C(k, n:F) system structure, have been reported in the

literature, little attention has been paid to such systems that are

repairable [6-10]. consecutive system. Sharifi and Moosakhani

[12] works on a system with two element with constant and

increasable fuzzy. Study a repairable consecutive-k-out-of-n:F

system with fuzzy states introduced by Guan and Yueqin [13].

El-Damcese and Temraz [14] use a model for a k-out-of-n: F

system that consists of n independent and identical components

connected in parallel using non-homogeneous/ homogeneous

continuous-time Markov chain.

the availability model for a linear (circular) C(k, n:F) system of

non-identical components. An analysis of the life time and the

repair time of the each component follow Rayleigh distribution.

Fuzzy rates are used to model the uncertainty in the system

availability. The estimated these fuzzy numbers using random

samples.

The

Kolmogorov

differential

equation

corresponding

to

associated with Figure 1 is

d

P0 (t ) = (t ) P0 (t ) + (t ) P1 (t )

dt

Since

P0 (t ) + P1 (t ) = 1

(1)

, we have

d

P0 (t ) = ( (t ) + (t )) P0 (t ) + (t )

dt

(2)

distribution, so the (failure/repair) rates are given by the

following relation:

(t ) =

and

(t ) =

t 0, , 0

the availability of component at time t:

A(t ) = p0 (t ) =

1

{ 2 + 2

2

2

+

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International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 5, Issue 3, March 2015

ISSN 2250-3153

1 2 +2

exp[ ( 2 2 )t 2 ]}

2

(3)

i

Sg,j

denote g good component that belonging to state j with

a Linear C(k, n:F) system may experience without being failed,

III. THE AVAILABILITY OF THE LINEAR (CIRCULAR)

C(k, n:F) SYSTEM

non-identical components associated with [15] is given by

n

number of combinations of z items out of possible n,

z

z / k

R

k 1 m

n i

i =0 j = r

lS bi , j

lS gi , j

A line (t ; k , n) = [ (1 Al (t ))][ Al (t )]

M

n i

lS bi , j

lS gi , j

+ [ (1 Al (t ))][ Al (t )]

i=k j =r

availability evaluation problem into a linear system availability

evaluation problem.

(4)

any Aline (t ; k , n z 2 ), 0 z k 1

For

may

be

introduced later.

with

Al (t ) =

1

{ l2 + l2

2

2

l + l

selected point and the remaining n-z-2 components form a

working linear C(k,n:F) system, where i may take values from 0

2

2

1 + l 2

exp[ ( 2 2 )t ]}

2 l

l

(5)

i

n

n

r = , m = ,

z =0 z

z =1 z

i 1

i 1

z =1

+ 1

(1)

=0

n i

i =0 j = r

lS bi , j

lS gi , j

n i

lS bi , j

lS gi , j

+ [ (1 Al (t ))][ Al (t )]

and

N(z, k, n)

k 1 m

A C (t ; k , n) = [ (1 Al (t ))][ Al (t )]

r = N ( z , k , n), m = N ( z , k , n)

z =0

i =k j =r

, >

,0 1

,

with

(6)

where

i

Sb,j

denote bad component that belonging to state j with i

(7)

i 1

z =0

z =1

r = N C ( z , k , n), m = N C ( z , k , n)

Where d is the maximum number of failed components that may

exist in the system without causing the system to fail and

including z failed ones in a circle such that at most k-1 failed

ones are consecutive.

Using the same approach as for the linear system, we can derive

the value of M as follows. If n is a multiple of k, then

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International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 5, Issue 3, March 2015

ISSN 2250-3153

n

n

(k 1) = n ,

k

k

d=

n

n

n

d = (k 1) + (n 1 k ) = n 1

k

k

k

In summary, we have

n k

d =

n

n 1

k

N (z, k , n )

M

l =

(8)

if n is not a multiple of k .

have known probability distribution functions with parameters

l , l driven from collected data or the opinions of the experts.

Due to uncertainty in the values of these parameters, they can be

modeled by triangular or trapezoidal fuzzy numbers. Here, we

use the triangular membership functions

equation

k z n - 1 (9)

l = l ; lL , lM , lU =

( l

lL ) lM lL ,

U

U

M

( l l ) l l ,

0, otherwise

The

~l = (~lL , ~lU ), l = ( l L , lU )

l

n

N ( z , k , n 1) ,

nz

( lM )

REPAIR RATES

N C ( z , k , n) =

(11)

where

if n is a multiple of k ,

N C (z, k , n )

the factor

= , , l =1, 2, .., n

lL l lM

lM l lU

(12)

fuzzy parameters

l

l

0 < < 1 as follow:

Rayleigh parameter are given by the following relation:

l (t ) =

t

( )

M

l

and

(t ) =

l

( ) 2

M

l

l = 1, 2, ..., n

where

=

M

l

=1 2 2

= , , l =1, 2, .., n

confidence

l , l , l = 1, 2, ..., n

interval

for

, =

U

l

M

l

M

l

L

M

= l + l

lL , lU lU lM (13)

parameter

relations:

L

l

each

(10)

(1 )100%

l ( ) = l L ( ) , lU ( )

(circular) C(2,4:F) system of non-identical components with life

time and the repair time of this system follow Rayleigh

probability distributions, The parameters can be represented by

triangular fuzzy numbers.

The availability of linear C(2,4:F) system of non-identical

components of equations (4) to (6) can be obtained from the

following relation:

4

l =1

l =1

=1

l

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International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 5, Issue 3, March 2015

ISSN 2250-3153

4

+ A1 (t ) A3 (t )[ (1 A (t ))] + A2 (t ) A3 (t )(1 A1 (t ))

=2

3

(1 A4 (t )) + A2 (t ) A4 (t )(1 A1 (t ))(1 A3 (t ))

The availability of circular C(2,4:F) system of nonidentical components of equations (7) to (9) can be obtained

from the following relation:

L

U

L

0.2 of the l , l , and l ,

lU , for l =1, 2, 3, 4 .

~

Table 1. The intervals for ~l and l for l =1, 2, 3, 4

corresponding to -cut = 0, 0.1, 0.2

cut

l =1

l =1

=1

l

~ L , ~U

1

1

~ L , ~U

2

2

~ L , ~U

3

3

~ L , ~U

4

4

[2.641,

3.26]

[2.646,

3.412]

[2.798,

3.409]

[2.753,

3.641]

0.2

[2.681,

3.23]

[2.698,

3.369]

[2.838,

3.369]

[2.803,

3.591]

A C (t ;2,4) = Al (t ) + (1 Al (t ))[ A (t )]

=2

3

where

Al (t ) =

1

{ l2 + l2

2

2

l + l

1 + l

exp[ ( l 2 2 )t 2 ]} , l =1, 2, 3, 4

2 l l

2

cut

[2.757,

3.567]

[2.704,

3.690]

1U 2L , 2U 3L , 3U 4L , 4U

[2.844,

3.822]

[2.792,

4.039]

[2.786,

3.734]

[2.714,

3.892]

0.1

[2.894,

3.773]

[2.854,

3.967]

[2.833,

3.687]

[2.773,

3.833]

0.2

[2.942,

3.724]

[2.917,

3.914]

[2.881,

3.639]

[2.832,

3.774]

=1 2 =800,700, 850, 720 respectively.

The values of their lower, medium, and upper limits are

calculated according to equations (10) and (11), we can obtain

1L ,

[2.603,

3.452]

component with = 0.05, 0.03, 0.07, 0.03 , q=70, 70, 50,50 and

=1 2 = 1220, 1100, 1000, 920 respectively , also the

statistical data of l , l = 1, 2, 3, 4 taken from each component

[2.606,

3.298]

corresponding to

two functions A line (t ;2,4) and A C (t ;2,4) at different values

of -cut as shown in Figures 2 and 3.

And

1L ,

1M , 1U =

3L ,

2L ,

4L ,

2M , 2U =

4M , 4U =

(2.792, 3.416, 4.039)

(2.714, 3.303, 3.892)

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International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 5, Issue 3, March 2015

ISSN 2250-3153

VII. CONCLUSION

Consecutive-k-out-of-n system models have been proposed

for system availability evaluation and the design of integrated

circuits, microwave relay stations in telecommunications, oil

pipeline systems, vacuum systems in accelerators, computer ring

networks (k loop), and spacecraft relay stations. Such systems

are characterized by logical or physical connections among

components in lines or circles.

In this paper presents a model for the availability of linear

(circular) C(k,n:F) system of independent and non- identical

components. The estimated parameters of the Rayleigh

distribution of the proposed model are fuzzy and all the fuzzy

numbers have triangular membership functions. Fuzzy rates are

used to model the uncertainty in the availability system. This

paper includes a numerical example to illustrate the model.

Figure 2. The A line (t ;2,4) for -cut = 0 (solid line),

-cut= 0.1 ( dotted line), ), -cut= 0.2 (dashed line)

REFERENCES

[1] D.T. Chiang and Niu, S. C., Reliability of consecutive k-outof-n:F systems. IEEE Transactions on Reliability, R30 (1981),

pp. 87-89.

[2] C. G. Derman, Lieberman J., and Ross, S. M., On the

consecutive-k -out- of-n:F system, IEEE Transactions on

Reliability, vol. R-31, No. 1 Apr. (1982), pp. 5763.

[3] M. T. Chao, Fu, J. C. and Koutras, M. V., Survey of

reliability

studies

of

consecutive-k-out-of-n:F

&

related

pp. 120-127.

[4] S. Erylmaz , On the lifetime distribution of consecutive kout-of-n:F system, IEEE Transactions on Reliability, vol. 56

(2007), pp. 3539.

[5] D. Dafnis Spiros, Frosso S. Makri and Zaharias M. Psillakis,

On the Reliability of Consecutive Systems, Proceedings of the

World Congress on Engineering, vol. III 2010 WCE 2010, June

30 - July 2, 2010, Lo, London, U.K.

[6] K. Cheng, Zhang, Y. L. , Analysis for a consecutive k-out-ofn:F repairable system with priority in repair, Int. J. Systems

Science, vol. 32(2001), pp. 591-598.

Figure 3. The A C (t ;2,4) for -cut = 0 (solid line),

-cut= 0.1 ( dotted line), -cut= 0.2 (dashed line)

[7] TANG Sheng-Dao, HOU Wei-Gen , A Repairable Linear Consecutive--Out-of-:F System, CHIN. PHYS. LETT, vol. 29,

No. 9 (2012) , pp. 1-5.

[8] Sevcan Demir Atalay, Ali Mert, and Ozge E Gultekin, On

the profust reliabilities of consecutive k-out-of-n systems,

1T

www.ijsrp.org

ISSN 2250-3153

pp. 62-71.

[9] S. Eryilmaz, Mixture representations for the reliability of

consecutive-k systems. Mathematical and Computer Modelling,

vol.51 (2010), pp. 405-412.

[10] Serkan Eryilmaz and Kadir Sarikaya, Modeling and

analysis of weighted-k-out-of-n: G system consisting of two

different types of components, Journal of Risk and Reliability ,

vol. 228, 3 June 2014, pp. 265-271.

rates, Int. J. Computational Science and Engineering, vol. 10,

Nos. 1/2 (2015), pp. 192-201.

[15] G. J. Chang, Cui, L. and Hwang, F. K., Reliabilities of

consecutive-k systems. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers,

2000.

AUTHOR

M. A. El-Damcese

Department of Mathematics,

system with fuzzy states, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 157 (2006),

pp. 121-142.

[12] M. Sharifi, Moosakhani M. and Ganjian M., Expansion or

reliability models based on Markov chain with consideration of

fuzzy failure rates: System with two parallel and identical

elements with constant and increasable failure rates. Wseas

Transactions on Applied Mathematics, vol. 4, issue 4, October

(2005), pp. 402-407.

Faculty of Science,

Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Email: meldamcese@yahoo.com

[13] Jiancheng Guan and Yueqin Wu, Repairable consecutive kout-of-n:F system with fuzzy states, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol.

157, Issue 1( 2006), pp. 121-142.

[14] El-Damcese Medhat and Temraz Neama, Analysis of

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