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The following experiment is mostly been used to determine the modulus of rigidity

for a material. In this experiment, we use mild steel rod as the material and take all the

measurement before apply it to the machine. The data obtain from the machine are the torque

and the angle of twist. The shear stress and shear strain were calculated by the data obtain

thus the modulus of rigidity can be determine. The modulus of rigidity that we obtain from

this experiment is 63.5 GPa. Theoretical value for modulus of rigidity is 77 GPa, so, the

percentage error is 17.53%. it can be conclude that this experiment is sensitive therefore need

a lot of focus to avoid any type of error.

Table of Contents

1. Abstract ..I

2. Table of contentsII

3. Introduction.1

4.

INTRODUCTION:

objects subject to stresses and strains. One of the phenomenon is torsion which is the twisting

of an object due to an applied torque. The study of torsion is important to avoid failure of a

machine or machine elements thus cause a bigger incident. For instances drive shaft, axles

and drills is subjected to torsion in services. Moreover structural applications such bridges,

car bodies, airplane fuselages and boat are randomly subject to torsion. Therefore the study of

torsion can provide the material adequate strength to withstand the torque. The study of

torsion allows engineer to determine the maximum shear stress or shear strain of the material

use respect to its dimension. Every type of material use have their own modulus of rigidity, G

which is defined as the ratio of shear stress to the displacement per unit sample length (shear

strain). Therefore to find the modulus rigidity is by finding the shear stress and shear strain

by the experiment of torsion test below.

OBJECTIVE:

1. To investigate the torsion properties subjected to pure torque loading.

2. To determine the types of fracture surface under pure torque.

3. To validate the data between experimental and theoretical value.

THEORY:

Torsion test is to determine the modulus of rigidity. The experimental value of

modulus of rigidity will be compare to the theoretical value. However, from the torsion test

machine, we can only obtain angle of twist, and torque, T. Therefore, for material such

mild steel, the elastic behavior is linear, and so Hookes law for shear can be written as

=G

: shear stress.

G: modulus of rigidity.

: shear strain.

Modulus of rigidity also can be define as the slope of the line

graph.

Shear stress happen when force is subjected on the object over a surface area which is parallel

to the force direction. It also can be define by the equation:

=

Tc

J

c: the radius of the material.

Where J:

J = c4

2

Shear stress produced a shear strain expressed as

=

c

L

: shear strain

: angle of twist

c: radius of material piece.

L: length of the material piece.

The modulus of rigidity obtain from the experiment is compare to the theoretical value.

Modulus of rigidity (theoretical value): 77Gpa.

The percentage error can be calculated by:

P . E .=

100

theoretical value

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