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A Complete Analysis of the Poultry Industry

of Pakistan (Mohammad Ali Jinnah


University, Karachi)
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Published by waliraza123
This analysis was done as a project by the students of Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Karachi
under the guidance of Sir Afaq Ali khan
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The Poultry Industry Of Pakistan


PRESENTED BY:M. HarisWali RazaDated :13
th
October, 2010

W
hat is Poultry?
Poultry comes from the LATIN word, POULE,which
means to HANG.Poultry is a category of domesticated
birds kept byhumans for the purpose of their EGGS
andMEAT.Poultry include Chicken, Turkey, Ducks, and
Geese.

Importance of Poultry
In poultry, short period is required for growth
andmarketing.Can adjust rapidly to changing economic
factors i.efeed, availability, cost, number of birds on
feed.Other livestock industries require longer length
oftime from birth to market (e.g. Cattle)

Poultry industry: problems and solutions


From the Newspaper Published Jun 12, 2012 12:00am
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THIS is apropos of the letter Poultry sectors problems (June 5). This is a fact that the
poultry sector is an important element of Pakistans agriculture and its economy.
The poultry industry is one of the largest and fastest growing agro-industries everywhere in the
world. This can be accredited to an increasing demand for poultry meat and egg products.
However, Pakistans poultry industry is facing a los of problems and challenges. Major problems
facing the industry can be put in order by working on a few things, and adopting instructions set
by poultry scientists.
The factors needed to be pondered for improvement include a collaboration between academia
and the poultry industry. If academia and poultry farms owners or farmers sit together, share
experiences, and farmers get guidance from the academia by undergoing short trainings on
various aspects of poultry farming, then basic learning about poultry farming can be
accomplished by famers, which one is missing in poultry industry workers at moment.
Poultry meat is an important protein source of our food. Its quality is pertinent to the quality of
life of poultry birds. Chicken feeds come from many sources including, land marine, plants and
animal products.
If you provide nutrient-rich feed to poultry birds and keep them healthy by keeping their housing
clean and disinfected, you can harvest optimal disease-free meat. Although many factors are
involved in achieving the optimal growth rate and size at harvest such as breed, gender nutrition,
feeds, timely proper vaccinations and dry clean housing, most often it has been seen that farm
workers are responsible for disease in the flocks.
The source of contaminations they bring include dirty hands, equipment, footwear and vehicles,
and improper handling of infected and injured birds.
TO minimise such risks, there should be authorised entries into sheds, use of disinfected
footwear and equipment, and clean feeder and water. The use of antibiotic and other drugs for
poultry should be governed by laws and regulations. Stress level of birds can be reduced through
proper feeding, suitable bedding such as sawdust, husks and a fear-free environment.
Farms should be cleansed every day. Sick birds should be culled or handled properly, working
condition of ventilation systems should be ensured at all times.
The poultry industry can be better and more profitable if it is operated scientifically.
HABIB HYDER LAGHARI Canada

Over 2,500 Punjab poultry farms closed in


two years

January 14, 2013


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LAHORE - SALMAN ABDUHU - The number of poultry farms in Punjab has dropped
significantly to around 22,500 from 25,000 during last two years, as a large number of
stakeholders have taken out their investment due to multiple reasons including ban on poultry
export to Afghanistan, which is the largest market of Pakistan.
While talking to The Nation, Dr Akram Ch observed that chick farming has been suffering from
the poor law and order situation, acute power shortages, high prices of poultry feed and scant
resources to combat breakout of poultry diseases which killed thousands of birds in no time.
Doctor Akram has developed a technology of induced moulting and extended it to poultry
farmers, providing the consultancy services at national and international levels to various layer,
layer breeder, broiler breeder and grand parent companies.
Professor Akram is presently the Chairman of Department of Poultry Production, University of
Veterinary and Animal Sciences and is amongst one of few whose research is linked with poultry
industry. He is member of ASRB, UVAS and has been working as consultant in Action-aid
international UK and FAUP.
It is fact that Pakistans poultry industry is facing a lot of problems and challenges. In spite of
that the sector is one of the largest and fastest growing agro-industries everywhere in the world
just due to an increasing demand for poultry meat and egg products.

Major problems facing the industry can be put in order by working on a few things, and adopting
instructions set by poultry scientists. If academia and poultry farmers sit together, share
experiences and get guidance from various aspects of farming, then basic learning about farming
can be accomplished by farmers, which is, presently done by the UVASs Poultry Production
Department in Pakistan.
Dr Akram said that poultry meat is an important protein source of our food. Its quality is
pertinent to the quality of life of poultry birds. Chicken feeds come from many sources
including, land marine, plants and animal products.
If you provide nutrient-rich feed to poultry birds and keep them healthy by keeping their housing
clean and disinfected, you can harvest optimal disease-free meat. Although many factors are
involved in achieving the optimal growth rate and size at harvest such as breed, gender nutrition,
feeds, timely proper vaccinations and dry clean housing, most often it has been seen that farm
workers are responsible for disease in the flocks. He said that with a view to minimise such risks,
there should be authorised entries into sheds, use of disinfected footwear and equipment, and
clean feeder and water. The use of antibiotic and other drugs for poultry should be governed by
laws and regulations. Stress level of birds can be reduced through proper feeding, suitable
bedding such as sawdust, husks and a fear-free environment. He said that poultry industry can be
better and more profitable if it is operated scientifically.
Despite a decline in the number of poultry farms, the average farm production of poultry birds
has been going up, as chicks population have soared to almost 710 million this year from about
390 million of 2010, he added.
This has provided relief to consumers against a sharp increase in prices of red meat owing to its
increasing exports. He stated that poultry production in traditional rural set-ups is also being
gradually modernised, as farmers income has improved on the back of high support prices of
their crops.
But some investment has also come in from abroad, basically in the shape of technical support to
poultry feed mills and hatcheries. He said that if the super floods of 2010 had not destroyed
number of farms we could have noticed a big difference in the number of farms now in
operation.
Latest data shows that banks made net loans of Rs4 billion in 2011 to poultry sector and
distributed loans of around Rs3 billion in 2012. He said that poultry farms in Sindh have
particularly benefited from bank loans in last two years but total financing has fallen short of
their actual needs.

Government committed to resolving poultry


industry issues'
September 27, 2013
RECORDER REPORT
0 Comments

"Government is committed to resolve the issues of poultry industry


and enhance export of Halal processed food to Muslim countries as poultry sector can play an
important role in uplifting of our economy," MNA Hamza Shahbaz Sharif said this while
inaugurating
Pakistan
Poultry
Expo
IPEX
2013
in
Lahore
today.
Acknowledging the role of poultry industry in job creation and strengthening the economy, he
said government would support industry as thousands of people are attached and it ultimately
affects the lives of citizens. While quoting the example of India and China he said despite the
fact that both countries have cold war on different issues but their mutual trade touches
$74billion while they are co-operating to increase it to $100 billion. Meanwhile, he assured that
one-window operation will be provided to facilitate the poultry sector and issues such as
clearance of maps for construction of farms and other bureaucratic hurdles will be removed.
He also urged poultry farmers to streamline the operations and develop poultry sector on modern
lines. He opined that this sector should also set up small power plants using agricultural waste
and bio-mass like Germany, where around 7,000MW is produced by using energy mix. Earlier,
Chairman Pakistan Poultry Association (PPA) Khalil Sattar in his briefing highlighted the
growth, challenges, potential and bureaucratic hurdles faced by poultry industry.
He said Pakistan is the 11th largest poultry producing country in the world with huge potential to
benefit from growing demand of Halal food world over. He added that poultry sector is playing
key role in poverty alleviation and provided approximately 1.7 million jobs to skilled, semiskilled and unskilled workers deep into the rural areas; thereby reducing chances of huge
urbanisation.
He said in Pakistan poultry industry faced several setbacks in past including bird flu influenza,
GST, taxes and duty incentives for imported chicken products which encouraged imported
chicken processed. Moreover, TPO demands to get drafted maps from their desired architectures
and farmers have to spend double amount for the maps' clearance.
For the growth of the sector he emphasised on withdrawal of zero rating of sales tax on
processed and value-added products which has increased the cost of production. He also
demanded removal of anomalies and added that import of machinery, equipment and implements
should be free of advance income tax to reduce cost of investment.
He also highlighted examples of other countries where government support and incentives
revived the industry. He said the UK VAT Act 1994 Schedule-8 Group-1 specifies food of a kind
used for human consumption is Zero Rated. The term food includes products eaten as part of a
meal or as a snack. Food items are not only exempted but also zero rated and entitled to input tax
credit. In USA too, many States exempt all food items whether processed or unprocessed from
payment of VAT.
High Production Standards
Areas of Work > High Production Standards

The Member Companies of the


British Poultry Council take pride in working above and beyond
that which is required of them by legislation. Built upon the
foundations of animal health and welfare and food safety their
produce is naturally of the highest standard.
We represent companies that vary greatly in size. From the large integrated companies, to the
small seasonal farmer. From supermarkets to the farm-gate all BPC Member Companies take
pride in the poultry they produce, and the diverse market they supply.
All poultry production is covered by stringent legislation, enforced by the Department for the
Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (Defra), the Food Standards Agency (FSA), and the Meat
Hygiene Service (MHS). Our Member Companies, and the industry as a unified body, work with
the Regulators and other stakeholders to ensure good practice.
The British Poultry Council is one of the founding organisations of Red Tractor Farm Assurance
Poultry Scheme (formerly Assured Chicken Production). It is an industry-wide initiative that
addresses all the important elements concerning the production of chicken. The scheme is an
independently assessed assurance scheme designed to give confidence to all of us as consumers.
The scheme works to Assured Food Standards and chicken produced under the scheme carries
the Red Tractor logo.
The standards for chicken production cover best practice for breeding, hatching, rearing,
catching, transport, slaughter, and processing. The Red Tractor and Union Flag on packs of
chicken is a sign of guaranteed quality of production.
The Quality British Turkey Mark guarantees consumers the best turkey meat
available today. The independently assessed Quality British Turkey Assurance
Scheme backs the Mark. The Scheme highlights that British farmers are achieving
some of the highest standards in the world.
By satisfying over 200 individual quality criteria, the Assurance Scheme certifies
that British turkey products carrying the Quality Mark excel in areas of food safety,
traceability, and bird welfare

Poultry farming in
Pakistan

1. Wheat: New support price


2. APTMA's role in textile and exports
3. Poultry farming in Pakistan
4. World integration and Pakistan trade
5. Manufacturing Resource Planning

Poultry farming in Pakistan has developed as an important sub-sector of livestock


By Dr. S. M. Alam and M. A. Khan
Nuclear Institute of Agriculture
Tando Jam, Pakistan
Aug 07 - 13, 2000
The poultry farming has now become one of the most dynamic associated parts of agriculture throughout
the world. Poultry culture in South Asian countries is expanding rapidly and the rate of growth of
commercial layer and broiler (meat producing) farms is phenomenal to meet the ever increasing demand
for proteins through poultry meet and eggs. In Pakistan, poultry industry had made considerable
contribution to food production and plays a vital role in the economy of the country. Raising of poultry in
Pakistan has virtually proven a profitable enterprise as it is the best source of cheap, palatable and
nutritious food protein. The poultry production commenced in Pakistan in 1963. Hen birds were mostly
maintained in the backyard of the houses in villages on a small scale, with very little investment by the
villagers in terms of money and material. The return on those birds was too little, and there was hardly
any attraction for investments to operate the same on large scales. Poultry as on a commercial scale in
the private sector started due to pioneering effect made by PIA in 1965, when the first modern hatchery
unit in Karachi was established. Later on, the investments have taken keen interest in this sector, as was
result of which substantial development has taken place towards expansion of this industry. The
commercial poultry farming emerged through the combined efforts and foresight of the government and
the private enterprises. Now commercial poultry production is concentrated around the large urban
centers in the provinces of Sindh and Punjab and initially at Karachi, Lahore with the passage of time, it is
now fairly well spread all over the country. In the provinces of Sindh, there are farms in Mirpurkhas,
Sukhar, Nawabshah as well as in small cities. Similarly, in the province of the Punjab, poultry farms have
been well established in the areas of Rawalpindi, Faisalabad, Multan, Lahore, Bhawalpur, Rahimyar
Khan, Mianwali. Poultry produced in Pakistan is being developed through two management systems i.e
commercial farming and rural poultry farming. The commercial poultry farming sector is a classic example
of private ector enterprise with a phenomenal growth of 20 to 25 % per annum. The achievement of this
rapid growth was made to the incentives granted by the government from time to time, like liberal
financing and credit, income tax exemption, duty free import of grand parent and parent flocks, machinery
and poultry farm equipments, such as hatcheries, cages, brooders, feed ingredients such as soybean,
meal, maize, and sorghum for use in poultry feeds, in addition to liberal and easy facility to obtain loans
from commercial banks and financial institutions. Now the large scale investment and proper incentives
have resulted in the establishment of infrastructure comprising of 252 hatcheries with capacity to produce
346 million day- old chicks per annum, 141 feed mills with the capacity to produce 2540 thousand tons of
compounds feed per annum and 13154 poultry farms with the capacity to produce 98 million broilers. The
present total poultry population is estimated to be 319 million, out of which 137 million is rural (44%), 160
million broilers (50%), 17 million layers (5%) and 5 million breeding (2%) stock annually. These figures
speak of the potential that has been established in the country to increase production of eggs and poultry
meat thereby reducing further the gap of availability of animal protein foods. Modern poultry farming has a

special importance for countries such as Pakistan. Because it is being an easy and relatively cheap
method of raising dietary standard of the people. The shortages of animal protein in Pakistan is estimated
at 0.93 million tonnes on the basis of human population of 140 million. The average consumption of
animal protein is a meager 17g as against the recommended daily requirement of 28g. This shortage of
protein can well be managed with increase in the production of poultry meat at a reasonable cost.
Some of the important breeds of the world such as buff rock, leghorn, light Sussex, Rhodes Island red are
also hatched successfully in the country at desired traits. A laying bird produces an average of 250 eggs
per year and the average live weight of the broiler is recommended as 1200 grams ( or 1.2 kg), at 8
weeks of age. Pakistan produces 6.5 thousand million eggs and 340 thousand tonnes poultry meat. The
consumption of poultry feed increased with their ages. It reached its peak (135g/bird/ day) at 25 weeks
age. Then it declined slightly reaching 124g / bird/ day at 33 weeks of age. There are also some local
breeds, which are highly productive and are more adaptive to the local conditions. These important
poultry breeds of fowls are cross bred with each other to produce. The product is concentrated around the
large urban centers in the provinces of Sindh, Punjab and NWFP. The majority of such farmers are
generally in and around the cities like Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, and Faisalabad. The capacity of the
layers farm varies from 2000 to 20000 birds and that of the broilers farms from 103 to 403 birds per
annum. The higher cost of poultry feed is mainly due to the increase in the price of the various ingredients
particularly fishmeal in their poultry feed. In these days prices of poultry are very high due to the cost of
ingredients needed for the manufacturer of the feed meal.
Approaches to increase production.
In order to increase the production of poultry the following approaches are considered necessary for
implementation. Commercial poultry sectors be continued to boost up substantial marine in the
productivity.
i) Rural poultry sector be enhanced.
ii) Rearing of traits be introduced on large scale commercial production ducks, partridges and pigeons
rearing be introduced. Encourage establishment of poultry farms in private sectors engaged in the
production of birds for rural development to improve food availability. Coarse grain production must be
increased under target oriented programme like major crops. Price support must be granted. Oil cakes/
meat production can be increased through increasing oilseed crops. To check out easy formula to evolve
cheap poultry ratio formulas ratio formula using agriculture and industrial by-products.
To improve poultry health and extension services vaccination against contagious disease must be carried
to several 60% of rural poultry production as against existing 25% to establish locally disease reference
laboratory.
To establish small poultry units of varying sizes in the villages to increase production of village level.
Private sectors be encouraged to establish disease diagnostic laboratory and vaccine production unit to
improve poultry marketing. To establish poultry processing plants and cold stores to provide ready market
for broilers. To establish poultry marketing center at different places in cities and towns. Price support and
broilers may be grounded. This can be implemented through processing plants. To work out cost of
production of eggs and to announce whole sale rates of eggs on quarterly basis. To maintain check on the
price of day old chicks and poultry feeds to take measure to maintain stability of price and quality. Poultry
production during the last 35 years has played a commendable role in shortening the gap of availability of
animal protein foods. In order to shorter the gap further within shortest possible time, it has became
necessary that poultry, mutton, beef etc are also introduced on small and large scale both in public and
private sectors. The possible feasible sources are rear of quails, ducks, pheasant, partridges, pigeons etc.
All these sources are quite producing with short duration. It is observed that with the introduction of these
techniques, the gap of animal protein food will be minimised within a short period.

Poultry feed and prices: Poultry feed gained importance with the emergence of poultry farming on a
wide scale in the country. At present, poultry feed is produced by commercial feed mills as well as by
home mixture. There are several feed mills located in the different parts of main cities of Pakistan. The
different ingredients required for making poultry feed are broken or coarse grains (wheat, rice, maize,
millet, sorghum barley, dried sea food, dried blood of animals, broken pulses and different vitamins). The
poultry feed by its quality and price is the major factor in determining the cost of poultry products i.e. eggs
and broilers and profitability of the poultry farm. The prices of feed have been constantly increasing. Due
to recent global changes in the price structure of the cereal grains and other feed stuffs, the poultry
industry at present is handicapped on account of high feed cost which have gone over to more than 60%
of the total cost of production.
Advantages: The poultry meat and egg production over many decades have shown positive growth in
the overall performances of the livestock sector and it has now reached a stage where its impact is
obvious on the national economy of the country. The supply of eggs and poultry methods based on two
distinct methods of production small scale village production and modern commercial methods in and
around big cities. Poultry keeping business is one of the most promising source of additional income.
Besides, this poultry farming has a number of advantages. It produces much needed protein, food, it
serves as a source of income and employment to many and it has good returns. Poultry keeping is
becoming more and more capital intensive, and it is very profitable. The income from poultry business
begins to emerge within 8 to 9 weeks for broiler or 20 to 22 weeks for layers. A broiler is a young male or
female bird under the age of 10 weeks. These are generally fast growing breeds reared and marketed for
meat. Depending on feed and management broiler mature in 8 weeks weighing nearing 2-2.5 kg and the
broiler consume about 4 kg of feed in the period of 6 to 8 weeks is the usual age for marketing. Most
breeders rear broilers to be ready for sale during festivals when demand of profit is high. A layer of mature
age generally lays 250 -300 eggs. These eggs provide high quality protein to the house hold. In addition
to eggs and meat poultry provide manure that is of great value on the farm. It has been observed that
nearly 40 hens or deep litter yields about 1000 kg of manure per year. The income from layers (hens)
begins to appear within 8 to 10 weeks, for broilers or 18 to 20 weeks for layers. According to the
economic survey (94-95), 2.35 kg / capita per year eggs were available in Pakistan during this period.
Disadvantages: It is a well known fact that poultry farming is a profitable business but it has also some
disadvantages some disease such as Newcastale disease, Marek's disease, infectious bronchitis, gumboro disease, fowl pox, myco-plasmosis, coccidiosis, lymphoid, adino virus hydro-pericardium etc. are
very common in the poultry chicken. These diseases affect very quickly and have a tremendous effects on
the growth of the birds. The excess uses of meat also has ill-effects on the health of their users, because
the feed they eat contains lots of unhygenic ingredients. Therefor the chickens should be vaccinated
regularly and properly.
Conclusion: It has been observed during the last thirty five years that poultry farming in Pakistan has
developed as an important sub-sector of livestock This expansion continues to fill the genuine gaps of the
animal protein and should be fully encouraged in order to promote the welfare and prosperity of the
people by providing them with a nutritious balanced diet.

Pakistan Livestock overview


History & Development of Poultry Industry in Pakistan
Prior to 1963 the native breed "Desi" was mainly raised which produced a maximum of 73 eggs per year
under local conditions. An improved breed "Lyallpur Silver Black" was evolved in 1965-66 in the

department of Poultry Husbandry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. The layers of this breed are
capable of producing 150 egg/year and gaining 1.4 kg weight in 12 weeks of age under favorable
management and feeding conditions.
Poultry in Pakistan was kept as backyard business for household needs. In early sixties the need of
commercial poultry was felt which resulted in 1963, in the form of a national campaign to enhance the
production of feed products in the country. Under this campaign the government announce a tax
exemption policy on the income derived from poultry farming. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) in
collaboration with Shaver Poultry Breeding Farms of Canada started first commercial hatchery in Karachi.
Simultaneously, a commercial poultry feed mill was started by Lever Brothers (Pvt), Pakistan Ltd., at
Rahim Yar Khan, which was followed by other pioneers like Arbor Acres Ltd.
Special emphasis was laid by the Government on development of poultry industry in the country during
1965-75. The Government made major policy decisions to provide all possible facilities to poultry industry
in the annual development plans. The incentives provided to poultry farmers/poultry industry included.
1. Tax exemption on income derived from poultry farming.
2. Import of flock and incubators was permitted under free list.
3. Allotment of state land on lease for poultry farming at very nominal rates.
4. Established poultry research institutes at Karachi and Rawalpindi through Food and Agricultural
Organization (FAO) of the United Nations to facilitate research services specifically concerning disease
control programmes.
5. Two meatless days were announced to encourage poultry meat consumption.
6. Subsidy on grains to form low cost quality ration, through UNDP-grains.
7. Loan through ADBP for the construction, of poultry sheds.
8. Established directorates of Poultry Production in Karachi and Punjab to provide extension services to
the poultry farmers.
9. Establishment of Federal Poultry Board to coordinate government and industry activities in the poultry
business.
The subsequent development of Pakistans Poultry Industry can be divided into four phases
Phase 1: The Introductory Period 1965-1970.
During this period the early poultry ventures, involving risks were supported by Government policies that
exempted poultry production form national tax levies and permitted producers to import genetically
improved breeding stocks and equipment such as incubators. A number of catalytic forces shaped the
early development of the poultry industry.
These forces included potential profits in the industry, availability of technologies and supportive
government policies resulting form the perception of a protein deficiency in Pakistani diet. The
government of Pakistan also established the Directorate of Poultry Production at Karachi, which provided
extension services to the growing numbers of poultry farmers. The early development of the industry was
also characterized by emerging problems including rising feed costs, disease outbreaks and consumer
preferences for Desi birds.
Phase 2: Institutional Development 1971-1975.

As poultry production became a significant enterprise in the agricultural economy of Pakistan, the
government strengthened institutions serving the new industry. The Federal Poultry Board was
established to coordinate government and industry activities, in the layer and broiler business. Research
services were offered through the Poultry Research Institute with the assistance of UNDP/FAO funds. The
Directorate of Poultry Development was established in Punjab similar to that in Karachi. Poultry
Producers struggled with the adverse effects of government programmes e.g. the ban on export of poultry
products and the consequences of some major planning flaws such the establishment of poultry estates
clustered together without adequate sanitation and health control. This phase is characterized by both the
greatest success of the poultry industry and its greatest failure. A dramatic increase in poultry production
resulted due to diverted investments form the nationalization of industries in other sectors. At the same
time the clustering of production units led to large disease outbreaks and the lack of marketing facilities
due to ban on export of poultry products limited industry growth.
Phase 3: The Production Boom 1976-1980.
The government of Sindh followed a policy to attract investment in poultry farming by offering estate land
under ten year leases. At the same time, the nationalization of other industries contributing the entry of
capital into poultry industry, particularly in the Punjab, resulted in the poultry production boom.
Commercial egg production increased from 624 million eggs in 1976 to 1223 million eggs in 1980. Broiler
production increased form 7.2 million birds to 17.4 million birds during the same period. The increase
volume of production was forced through limited marketing channels. Serious financial setbacks to poultry
farming in Pakistan culminated from discontinuation of poultry exports; disease problems; high relative
prices of poultry feed; deteriorating feed quality; and limited supply of feed ingredients. Poultry farmers
faced with financial problems and seeking remedial measures formed the Pakistan Poultry Association in
1979 on the advice of the Federal Poultry Board.
Phase 4: Depression and Adjustment 1981-1990.
Disease problems posed a serious threat to the sound development and consolidation of the industry. The
large Karachi poultry estates began to close in 1984 and a number of poultry farms closed in other areas
of Sindh. Production showed a decreased growth or even depression during early 1980 particularly of
increases in the Punjab, Baluchistan and NWFP. However, in the later part of 1980s starting form 1985
industry seemed to be readjusted with much rise in poultry number particularly in broilers. Faced with
disease problems, lower productivity and numerous environmental and climatic difficulties, some of more
successful farmers decided to produce under more modernized conditions and to establish their poultry
farms in cooler, less polluted area of the country. Breeding farms in Karachi and Punjab thus relocated to
Abbotabad, to the base of the Murree Hills and to the Valley of Quetta. The farmers also built houses with
controlled environments for breeders, broilers and commercial layers.
1991 to Now:
In this period was a disaster due to diseases, in 1990 the farmers suffered a great loss due to Hydro
pericardium syndrome specially the farmers of Broiler and Broiler Breeder Birds. In 1991-92 an other
disease Gumboro attacked the chicks of broiler, layer and parent flock that resulted in great mortality.
With the passage of time efforts to reduce the incidence of these diseases and prophylaxes regarding
vaccination and bio-security were done, this also resulted in establishment of new medicine companies
and the importation of vaccines form abroad started. At national level institutes like Poultry Research
Institute, Veterinary Research Institute and Agriculture University Faisalabad also done efforts to reduce
these diseases.
In 1995 a new disease Avian Influenza appeared in Murree and Abbotabad and mortality in parent flock
rose up to 80% due to this disease and set a challenge to the scientists at national level. Conferences at
the diagnosis of this disease were conducted in which scientists discussed their point of views, after great
loss measures were adopted that resulted in controlling the disease. In 1996 parent flock increased in
number due to absence of planning that resulted in depression in the market and the price of chicks
decreased several times its cost of production. This depression in Poultry market continued in 1997 as

result of ban on serving of lunch in marriage parties that reduced the demand of poultry products in the
market up to 40%. Slowly in 1998 it started improving and by increase in price of chick the companies got
a great profit. 1999 again a syndrome like influenza broke that cause great loss in some areas while some
areas were safe. Now still there are many threats to the poultry industry the manor of which is the
marketing problems of chicks to finished products, a great planning is required in this regard. At this time
it is supposed that big firms like Be Be Jan can be help full to reduce the instability of the market but it
may be before time

Annual Statistical Report (2012-13)


Poultry Sector of Punjab, Pakistan

by Jawad Ahmad June 26, 2014


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Poultry sector of Punjab announced the status of poultry farming in Punjab. Poultry farming is
one of the growing business in Pakistan and supporting the economy of Pakistan very well. After
looking at the presented data by a website (poultry.punjab.gov.pk), I tried to re-arrange the
provided statistical report into a readable format.

Hatcheries in Punjab, Pakistan:


Hatcheries in Punjab, Pakistan
Total Hatcheries

145

Production Capacity

650.25 Million Chick

Actuall Production

622.68 Million Chick

Feed Mills in Punjab, Pakistan:


Feed Mills in Punjab, Pakistan
Total Feed Mills

121

Feed Mills Production Capacity

7.66 Million Tons

Actuall Production of Feed Mills

4.26 Million Tons

Poultry Farms in Punjab, Pakistan:


Poultry Farms in Punjab, Pakistan
Layer Farms

3830

Broiler Farms

17555 Farms

Breeder Farms

462 Farms

Total Farms

21847 Farms

Poultry Population in Punjab, Pakistan:


Poultry Population in Punjab, Pakistan
Layer Population

23.44 0.84 Millions

Broiler Population

555.31 Millions

Breeder Population

9.62 0.90 Millions

Rural Poultry Population

38.90 Millions

Total Poultry Population

627.21 Millions

Egg Production Punjab, Pakistan:


Egg Production Punjab, Pakistan
Farm Egg Production

5782 Millions

Desi Egg Production

1973 Millions

Total Production

7755 Millions

Poultry Meat Production in Punjab, Pakistan:


Poultry Meat Production
Broiler Meat

555.31 Thousand Tons (5, 55, 310 Tons)

Culled (Layer & Breeder) Meat

27.36 Thousand Tons (27, 360 Tons)

Desi (Rural) Chicken Meat

49.40 Thousand Tons (49, 400 Tons)

Total Chicken Meat Production

632.07 Thousand Tons (6, 32, 070 Tons)

Per Capita Consumption:


Per capita consumption of egg is 81.49 eggs and per capita poultry meat consumption is 6.64 Kg.
This per capita consumption is very low as compared to the developed countries of the world.

Annual Statistical Report (2012-13) Poultry Sector of Punjab, Pakistan

by Jawad Ahmad June 26, 2014


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Poultry sector of Punjab announced the status of poultry farming in Punjab. Poultry farming is
one of the growing business in Pakistan and supporting the economy of Pakistan very well. After
looking at the presented data by a website (poultry.punjab.gov.pk), I tried to re-arrange the
provided statistical report into a readable format.

Hatcheries in Punjab, Pakistan:


Hatcheries in Punjab, Pakistan
Total Hatcheries

145

Production Capacity

650.25 Million Chick

Actuall Production

622.68 Million Chick

Feed Mills in Punjab, Pakistan:


Feed Mills in Punjab, Pakistan
Total Feed Mills

121

Feed Mills Production Capacity

7.66 Million Tons

Actuall Production of Feed Mills

4.26 Million Tons

Poultry Farms in Punjab, Pakistan:


Poultry Farms in Punjab, Pakistan
Layer Farms

3830

Broiler Farms

17555 Farms

Breeder Farms

462 Farms

Total Farms

21847 Farms

Poultry Population in Punjab, Pakistan:


Poultry Population in Punjab, Pakistan
Layer Population

23.44 0.84 Millions

Broiler Population

555.31 Millions

Breeder Population

9.62 0.90 Millions

Rural Poultry Population

38.90 Millions

Total Poultry Population

627.21 Millions

Egg Production Punjab, Pakistan:


Egg Production Punjab, Pakistan
Farm Egg Production

5782 Millions

Desi Egg Production

1973 Millions

Total Production

7755 Millions

Poultry Meat Production in Punjab, Pakistan:


Poultry Meat Production
Broiler Meat

555.31 Thousand Tons (5, 55, 310 Tons)

Culled (Layer & Breeder) Meat

27.36 Thousand Tons (27, 360 Tons)

Desi (Rural) Chicken Meat

49.40 Thousand Tons (49, 400 Tons)

Total Chicken Meat Production

632.07 Thousand Tons (6, 32, 070 Tons)

Per Capita Consumption:


Per capita consumption of egg is 81.49 eggs and per capita poultry meat consumption is 6.64 Kg.
This per capita consumption is very low as compared to the developed countries of the world.